PLOT: Tonho gaat op zoek naar de moordenaar van zijn vader Lirio, omgebracht voor ruwe diamanten. Hij raakt verzeild in een wereld van intriges, moord en komt in bezit van een schatkaart. Het avontuur begint in Rio de Janeiro. Via de Mato Grosso en junglestad Manaus komt hij tenslotte terecht in Novo Mundo, Pará, waar 258 jaar geleden een goudschat begraven werd. Dit is ook het gebied van de Mundurucu-stam, met hun mysterieuze wereld en het woud van de Surucucu slangen, het metafysische van Amazonas. Het verhaal geeft een visie op de Braziliaanse samenleving en vraagt begrip voor het Indianen-vraagstuk.
BIOGRAFIE: Wayn Pieters (1948) werd geboren in Maastricht. Naast auteur is hij kunstschilder en singer-songwriter. Sinds 1990 bezoekt hij Brazilië, waar hij vele reizen ondernam en in 1995 een bezoek bracht aan de Xavante Indianen in de staat Mato Grosso. Zijn oom, pater Thomas, die 40 jaar in Brazilië werkte, omschreef hem ooit: Op zijn reizen door Brazilië wordt hij geleid door een mystiek gevoel van broederlijke verbondenheid met ras, bloed en bodem.
BOEK WAYN PIETERS: XINGU, DE INDIANEN, HUN MYTHEN mythologische verhalen der Xingu Indianen- midden-Brazilië vert. van uit Portugees/uitg. Free Musketeers - Het boek is verkrijgbaar bij boekhandel 'DE TRIBUNE' aan de Kapoenstraat te Maastricht
Roman over Brazilië: over het volk, Xavante Indianen, aanwezigheid van de Vikingen, Umbanda-cultus, erotiek, geschiedenis, politiek en intriges. plot: In het Xavante reservaat in de Mato Grosso worden stenenplaten met Viking schrift ontdekt door archeologen. Bij de opgravingen worden Indianen en houtkappers gedood. Er volgt de moord op een Amerikaanse Indianen beschermer. Couto, een naïve inspecteur van Japanse komaf moet de zaak onderzoeken. Het wordt een tijding van intriges en moorden, haat en liefde. Het leven van de Xavante-stam loopt centraal door het verhaal, net als de stelling dat Noormannen al in Brazilië waren vóór Cabral, terwijl de Macumba/Umbanda cultus belangrijk is in het geheel. De roman schreef ik, geinspireerd door mijn reizen, en indrukken. UItgegeven in eigen beheer; BRAWABOOKS 2005 281blz. in a-4 druk stuur een e-mail met adres en het boek wordt toegestuurd, euro 17,00,- inc. verzendkosten, u betaald met giro op bijgevoegd reken.nr opbrengst voor kleinschalig project Wayn
dammen gebouwd in de Amazone staan op risico van gevaar
Volgens alerte onderzoekers zijnde hydro-elektrische dammen niet bestand tegen toenemende overstromingen als gevolg van klimaatverandering. In Minas Gerais verwoeste een doorgebroken dam een stad
Manaus, 7 november 2015 ACRITICA.COM
Er zijn weinig studies over klimaatverandering dat dammen in de toekomstop geen risico lopen te doorbreken... De Waterkrachtcentrale van Santo Antônio en Jirau zijn niet voorbereid op de mogelijke ernstige overstromingen in de komende jaren in de Amazone. De gevolgen voor de regio en de mensen zijn onvoorspelbaar wegens gebrek aan voldoende studies over het klimaat en de instabiliteit van het gebied.
Braziliaans dorp begraven onder giftige modder na damdoorbraak
Twee ingestorte dammen bij een Braziliaanse ijzerertsmijn ten noorden van Rio de Janeiro, HEBBEN een totale ravage aangericht. Een giftige modderstroom heeft het mijnwerkersdorpje Bento Rodrigues begraven. Tientallen mensen zijn vermist. Er zijn officieel twee doden en dertig gewonden, maar dit aantal zal zeer waarschijnlijk oplopen.
De reddingsoperatie verloopt moeizaam doordat enorme modderstromen het omliggende land hebben overspoeld. DeWEGEN zijn onbegaanbaar en de communicatienetwerken liggen plat. Volgens de lokale brandweer is het niet eens zeker dat alle slachtoffers zullen zijn gevonden. De ramp vondPLAATS in het mijnbouwgebied van Mariana, circa 275 kilometer ten noorden van de havenstad Rio de Janeiro. De damwand van een reservoir met afvalwater brak. Wat de oorzaak van de breuk is, wordt nog onderzocht.
Inwoners van Bento Rodrigues werden verrast door de stroom van maar liefst 62 miljard bruinrode modder. De enige aanwijzing was een doffe klap die hoorbaar was doordat de damwand brak, aldus ooggetuigen tegen persbureau AP.
Op honderd kilometer afstand van de rampplek is een tweede lichaam gevonden. Het is onduidelijk of deze persoon door de modderstroom om het leven is gekomen en is meegesleurd.
80 procent van het Bento Rodrigues is begraven onder de modder. Het dorp heeft een bevolking van ongeveer 600, van wie de meesten voor het mijnbouwbedrijf SamarcoWERKEN. Het bedrijf is eigendom van het Braziliaanse bedrijf Vale en het Australische BHP Billiton, één van de grootste ijzerertsverwerkers ter wereld.
Mogelijk stortten de dammen in als gevolg van lichte aardbevingen, maar dit is niet bevestigd.
Sinds het begin van de militarisering van de favela's in Rio de Janeiro in 2008, wrordt gesteld dat er een vermeende afname van het aantal van de politie moorden is in het bezet gebied door de Pacifying politie-eenheden (SPP). Echter, gegevens van het Public Security Institute van Rio de Janeiro, op 16 oktober, blijkt dat alleen al tussen januari 2010 en augustus 2015 in de sloppenwijken van de hoofdstad 3256 gevallen van 'verzet' - term die gebruikt wordt door de oude staat die een dood veroorzaakt door de politie, na de confrontatie met de weerstand tegen een aanpak, zijn voorgevallen De gegevens tonen ook aan dat in 2014 de index een stijging van 40% noteerde, met het optreden van 584 verzetsdaden. In 2015, slechts tot augustus,zijn er 459 gevallen geweest.
In het laatste nummer van AND, (jornal Novo Democracia) onthullen ze een artikel over de zaak van de jonge Eduardo Felipe Santos Victor, 17, doodgeschoten in een politie-actie in de Morro da Providencia, in het centrum. De dood van Felipe zou worden geregistreerd als een ander geval van weerstand, maar dankzij de klacht van een inwoner, kwam een schandalige geval van procedurele fraude licht. Met zijn telefoon, filmde hij het moment dat, na het vermoorden van Philip, de PM's in het wilde weg schoten met een pistool en dit vervolgens in de jongen zijn hand stopte, het smeden van een plot dat duidde op verzet van de jongen.
Blijkbaar, zou dit niet de eerste keer dat de groep van politieagenten die verantwoordelijk zijn voor de dood van Felipe in een zelfde delict omstandigheden zijn geweest. Volgens de informatie die de AND, zijn er tenminste twee gevallen van verzet tegen arrestatie betreffende dezelfde PMs onderzocht door de 4 DP cv) - een op 13 mei en andere op 25 juli dit jaar.
Social restaurant in Niteroi, Rj gets more expensive
The breakfast, which cost 0.35 real, increased to R 0.50 (33 dollar cent) , while lunch rose to R $ 2. (66 dollar cent) The Secretariat explained that this was the first increase in 13 years of operation
Who will gets in the Popular restaurant in Niterói Centre already meets most expensive meals. The breakfast, which cost £ 0.35, increased to R $ 0.50, while lunch rose to R $ 2, an increase of 100% in the amount charged. Furthermore, soups and desserts were cut. The state Department of Social Services reported that the attitudes happened due to the economic climate.
The increase reached 16 popular restaurants across the state and took many by surprise. In the case of Niteroi, increasing the announcement was made through a paper written by hand in local main entrance. The secretariat also reported that this was the first increase in 13 years that the establishments are operating. "The increase was high, twice is a lot. Other than that, it was not a decision forewarned. It was all very suddenly.
"Many people do not have 1 real for lunch and asks for help to get something to eat, as is my case. Now we have to ask twice to have a decent meal, " laments the retired Emilda da Silva, 66
Besides the increase, another subject that took the popular restaurant was a lack of fruit as a dessert and the distribution of soups. "Food is good, but still the same old thing, do not know why it only now increased. And as if that were not enough, they took awayn the fruits and soup. They increased the price, they should go back like it was before, " declared retired Waldemar Silva, 75.
O Fluminense jornal
....It will be hard to many people, like beggars, to get the daily meal, the economic situation in Brazil on this moment is lousy, there are more poor and the excluded needs more attention... many got no income, the restaurant is a social heaven for these people... storyteller
Indians go on the attack - Peruvian Indians of the Mashco Piro tribe killed a 20-year-old man with bow and arrow
The Mashco Piro tribe in eastern Peru is one of the last uncontacted tribes in the world. The possible by logging and lack of food cornered Indians came in 2011 into contact with the outside world. The victims of the recent attack is Leonardo Pérez, resident of Shipetiari, a remote village deep in the Peruvian Amazon. The Mashco Piro Indians found themselves Friday at one of the fields of the village. When Perez walked there with some other villagers, they were attacked Indians. Pérez was hit in the chest and died instantly. It's the third time this year that the Indians Shipetiari penetrated, until Friday without deadly consequences.
In December last year two hundred Mashco Piros attacked two other communities. They urged the houses, killed livestock and took utensils and farm implements. No one was injured. The terrified villagers fled in to a mountain on time, and the government evacuated them to safer areas. Again, the government isexploring the possibilities to ensure the safety of the inhabitants of Shipetiari. "We're thinking to evacuate them," said Lorena Prieto, within the Ministry of Culture responsible for isolated indigenous peoples. "This is to prevent a new confrontation," said Prieto in the local media. The inhabitants of the village see little in an evacuation to a nearby town, local advocacy Fenamad announced. They propose to set up a fence at the place where the Indians penetrate the community. In addition, they ask the government for food aid. They have lost a share of the harvest because of the attacks of the Indians and it is difficult to perform their normal farming activities.
Prieto thinks the Indians drifting Indians were looking for food. "We see the desirability of a dialogue with the Mashco Piros. That way we can find out why they leave their habitat and what their problems. " It is normally prohibited to enter the habitat of the Indians, or to make contact with them. This is because they probably will not withstand the diseases and bacteria that visitors brings along. The Mashco Pirotribe consists of 600 to 1500 members, who live in different groups in theAmazon. They move in the border between Peru and Brazil, a region where also a lot of illegal mining and logging exist. It is unclear whether their aggressive actions are related to it.
The Munduruku Indians: A Living History of Resistance
APRIL 30, 2015
MAÍRA IRIGARAY AMAZON WATCH
"I say this because I know that if you want to take care of the forest, you need to invest in us – indigenous peoples – because no one takes better care of the forest than we do."Antonio Dace Munduruku
According to the Munduruku, Karusakaibu is the god who created their people, the animals and the myriad of their cultural artifacts. What many don't know is that they weren't known always known as the "Munduruku" people.
In the 18th century the State of Para was divided mostly between Kayapó and Munduruku territories (they are historically enemies). The Munduruku where known as "the beheaders" because of their ruthless favored murdering tactic when capturing enemies.
Later, when outsiders began visiting their region in the 19th century, they were coined the "Munduruku" – meaning "red ants" – by their enemies the Parintintin people, who saw that they were numerous, notoriously angry, attacked en masse and very hard to kill.
The Munduruku people have never lived in peace. They are brute warriors; today the difference is they now fight with paper and pen. They say now that their best defense is their word and the law to protect them. No law, however, seems to stop devious plans the government has for destructive dam projects in the Tapajós region where they live.
"The government sends the national force, the army, the federal police here as if we were criminals instead of sending them to where the crimes actually happen," said Antonio Dace Munduruku in a conversation during a recent National Assembly. "The government keeps trying to intimidate us, but we will never lower our heads."
And they will not back down. The Munduruku gathered to discuss strategies to continue resisting governmental plans and pressure.
"The government sees us as objects, rather than to be proud that we still have this alive and standing forest," declared Antonio. "I say this because I know that if you want to take care of the forest, you need to INVEST in us – indigenous peoples – because no one takes better care of the forest than we do. If it weren't for us, the cattle and the soy would have taken this whole forest. I know we are only of the size of a grain of sand but we make a huge difference. The air you breathe comes from [the Amazon]. The water you drink comes from here. And so, by killing us, you are killing nature and therefore yourselves."
With such messages in their minds the Munduruku continued on from the assembly straight to Brasilia to participate in a national indigenous mobilization.
As if it wasn't enough to face the concurrent threats and maintain the struggle for their territroy, the new Minister of Energy and Mines Eduardo Braga declared publicly the same week that the slated São Luiz do Tapajós dam will be auctioned by the end of this year, and that the government had a "good relationship" with the Munduruku.
Appalled, the Munduruku denied such "relationship" at a press conference, reaffirming their position against the massive hydroelectric dam complex planned for the beloved Tapajós. They also took the opportunity to again request the demarcation of Sawre Muybu territory (the area which they have been demarcating themselves). Sawre Muybu is a key region for the government because the São Luis do Tapajos dam would greatly affect it and consequently make the demarcation project impossible, which is unconstitutional according to the indigenous federation FUNAI.
The Munduruku protested against the lack of dialog and specifically the lack of the Free Prior and Informed Consultation, as required by ILO 169 of the Brazilian constitution.
"This plan for dams humiliates us and takes away our physical and moral dignity!" Antonio cried out in protest. "It cannot be considered clean energy!"
The Munduruku continue fighting and have asked for support from the world.
"Our goal now is to seek international support because Brazil does not value the Amazon. If you value the Amazon, then support us because we protect the forest."Antonio Dace Munduruku, on behalf of the Munduruku people
The center sidewalks are for years cause of headache for those with physical disabilities or limited mobility - the problem is that the municipalety of Itaborai, RJ is full of corruption... so as many cities in Brazil
RIO - A serious accident involving a bus left one dead and 23 people injured on the morning of Thursday, in Madureira, in the north of the city. The accident happened in the Carolina Machado Street, close to the train station in the neighborhood. The driver of the bus had lost control of the vehicle, hit a bar and a furniture store, which were partially destroyed.
At least five vehicles from the Fire Department were on the spot to help the victims. Some of the injured were taken through the windows by the team, who were broken to facilitate the work of the firemen.
The driver of the bus stuck to the hardware, and firemen had difficulty removing him from the bus.
OIL CRISE IN ITABORAI, RJ left workers starving to death
Olie crisis in Itaborai, RJ, laat de werkmensen zo goed als doodgaan van honger
The bed placed on the sidewalk of a HOTEL called the attention of those who walk the Avenue 22 de Maio, in the center of Itaboraí nearby Rio de Janeiro. Furniture of the 'pousado do trabalhador' Pousada for the workingmen - are for sale, exposed where once was the restaurant on the four-story building. The initiative of the owner Marcos Paulo Pires de Silva was found a way for him to settle the debt of R $ 500 thousand gained in default of Alumini Engineering company, one of the contractors met with the oil crisis in the Petrochemical Complex of Rio de Janeiro, Comperj.
Pousada dos Trabalhadores, is located five kilometers from the Comperj, accommodated about 150 workers of the enterprise and received the services provided by contract signed directly with the Alumini. With the suspension of Petrobras transfers to construturas Comperj, the Alumini stopped paying its suppliers.
"Our main customer left a hole with us more than £ 500,000 and with that, we have to close our activities. I am selling everything to honor with my suppliers, my employees, "claims Marcos Paulo. The businessman explains that he has the hotel chain for 14 years, and the last three settled in Itaboraí to meet the demand of Comperj. "In the middle of last year, we evaluated the company and it was worth US $ 1.3 million.Today, unfortunately, I will close the doors, I still owe my duty, four months of back rent," laments the entrepreneur .
Working ground of the oil project
On the other hand, the People's restaurant never received so many customers and tries to fit the demand. "Thank God we have this popular restaurant that causes us to feed every day," says the former employee of an outsourced company Comperj, Ricardo dos Santos Laurindo. The restaurant, which charges 1 real (m/l 30 euro cent) for a meal, has become a magnet for the unemployed. "We are finding many friends here in the restaurant," confirms Antionio, who worked in the complex as owner. Between bites are many sad stories.
Less Bullets, More Love - protest in the community of favela ' Complexo do Alemâo'
PROTEST IN FAVELA TEGEN POLITIEGEWELD EN 4 MOORDEN AFGELOPEN 2 DAGEN
The demonstration was attended by over 1mil people occurred in response to the killing of four residents in less than 48 hours
By Vivian Fernandes translation stroryteller
More than 1000 people held a protest on Saturday morning (4) in Complexo do Alemão, in Rio de Janeiro (RJ), asking for peace in the community, which has more than 15,000 inhabitants. The demonstration took place in response to police violence and the murder of four residents in less than 48 hours this week, including Eduardo de Jesus Ferreira, only 10 years.
With signs that read "- Bala + Love", "We deserve to live without fear of death" and "Poverty is not a police matter", residents and humanrights activists set out to march through the streets dressed in white
Residents call for end to police violence in the favela -Photo: Ninja Medi.
Photo: Ninja Medi.
Hundreds of families took to the streets of the complex Photo: Ninja Media
Indigenous peoples are also among the victims of the Brazilian dictatorship, as recorded the final report of the National Truth Commission.Indigenous peoples are also among the victims of the Brazilian dictatorship, as recorded to the final report of the National Truth Commission .
violation of human rights of indigenous peoples
During the military dictatorship, diverse Indian people were killed, exterminated, held prisoner, tortured and expulsed of their home lands
A new shooting in Complexo do Alemão, in the North Zone of Rio, on the afternoon of Wednesday, killed left a woman and a uspect and two others wounded by stray bullets. Elizabeth Francis would have been shot in the face while he was inside his home, and died instantly. A suspect was also shot in the head and died on the spot. Elizabeth's daughter, Maynara Moura and another boy were injured. On Tuesday, a military policeman was Fazendinha was also shot in the set of the favela fight.
Rio: military police starts to occupy favelas Praia do Ramos and Roquette Pinto
Militaire politie begint het zogenaamde pacificatie proces in 2 favelas in Rio
RIO - The Military Police began in the early hours of Wednesday, the occupancy of two communities in the Complexo da Maré in the city's North Zone: the Praia do Ramos and Roquette Pinto. The action is the kickoff for the gradual process of replacing about three thousand men of the armed forces operating in the set of slums for the implementation of four Pacifying Police Units (UPPs) within the complex.
During the night, the military police patrols were already positioned at the entrances to the two communities. There was also PM teams within the favela Praia do Ramos and Roquette Pinto. Despite the increase in policing, the mood in the favelas is one of tranquility: many residents circulated through the entries. There is no confrontation record.
Since midnight, Shock Battalion men (BPChq) also help in patrolling the region. According to the PM, at around 6, will be the turn of the Tactical Group of Motorcyclists (Getem) into action. They will act in the narrow roads of the region. The operation started yet on Tuesday, when, at around 20h, a safety belt was fitted as access to both communities.
Also according to the PM, 220 military police, who had been prepared to act in patrolling and attendance to events, continue to act in the Complexo da Maré. They make up PART of the company linked to the Coordinator of Pacifying Police and are, since November last year, working with the armed forces in the whole complex.
The Praia do ramos and Roquette Pinto are controlled by militiamen. The second stage of the process beginson the first day of May, when the military leave the Union Park, Rubens Vaz and Novo Holanda, dominated by another criminal group. Until June 30, the deadline set for the end of the agreement between the federal and state governments, the Law and Order Assurance decree (GLO), the 16 slums where about 140,000 people live, will be under the responsibility by PM.
The Taking of Tide, with areas dominated by traffickers and militia, is considered the biggest challenge of public security in Rio since November 2010, when the PM began the occupation of the complex da Penha and Alemâo. The armed forces are in these places since April last year.
Doctors set up hospital tents to help indians in Xavante village
Dokters team uit Sâo paulo zet tenten op om Indiaanse bevoking te helpen in hun dorp
Aldeia São Pedro, na Terra Indígena Parabubure, Mato Grosso
Volunteers of São Paulo leave comfort clinics to cure people of the forest, with many 'white illnesses'
The Xavante expedition, carried out in August last year, was the 29th group which had seven ophthalmologists, two clinical, two pediatricians, four surgeons, four anesthesiologists, three gynecologists, seven nurses, four dentists ten logistics employees and 15 volunteers. The ten days they were among the Xavante it was possible to held 223 general and ophthalmic surgeries, 1,504 medical and dental visits and 3,400 tests and procedures.
In tents pitched in the Brazilian forests they already attend more than 28 thousand people, with 4,800 surgeries. Yanomami, Kayapo and other ethnic groups of the Xingu and Amazon have received service of the expedition. "With a history of having been in many projects, I can say that this is a difficult scenario. The Xavante have many diseases of the white man, like DIABETES and hypertension, "said the expedition's coordinator, Ricardo Affonso Ferreira.
for the first time a Indian woman hears the heart of her baby
In the ten days of the expedition here were carried out 223 general surgery and ophthalmology
"The systematic attack on the rights of indigenous peoples is unacceptable in a democratic and pluralistic society, where these rights are now treated as currency trading and political bargaining objects. But the indigenous peoples have given sufficient evidence that will not yield to this new offensive, full of hatred, discrimination, racism and incitement to violence, promoted by the owners or representatives of political and economic power.
It is to continue this struggle that the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil - APIB, calls to all peoples, indigenous organizations and leaders and their allies and partners to participate in the free Land Camp (ATL) - In defense of indigenous lands and territories to be held in Brasilia - DF 13-16 of April of the current year. At the same time in this period, the indigenous peoples and organizations will also be promoting mobilizations in the different regions of the country. "
The Amazon capacity to absorb carbon from the atmosphere, fell by half in just over 20 years, this according to the most comprehensive study ever done on the subject. From a peak of two billion tons of carbon dioxide per year in the 1990s, capturing the forest was reduced to one billion tons and, for the first time, is less than the fossil fuel emissions in Latin America.
The study, published Wednesday in the journal "Nature", was developed over 30 years, involved an international team of nearly a hundred researchers, led by the University of Leeds.
The survey is a warning. Although Amazon will act as a kind of brake of climate change by absorbing more carbon from the atmosphere than releases, the analyzed forest dynamics shows that there is an increased rate of dying trees throughout the forest.
THe city council of Boca do Acre, city at 1.028 quilômetros from Manaus, says that more than 200 families leaving the city the last 2 weeks. Eight of the nine city neighbourhoods are flooded. The lack of drinking water, the impossibility of movement and fear of damage caused by water forced by Acre and Purus rivers have led residents to seek shelter in the capital Rio Branco (AC). On March 10 the city went into a state of emergency due to the flood and, so far, is the only city in Amazon in this extrem situation. It is expected that the Acre and Purus rivers reach 22 meters and the water starts to decline in nearly three weeks. "In 1997 the water reached 23 meters. Hardly get to that now, but it will take a while for the water drops.
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