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  • History’s Most Infamous UFO Sightings
  • This NASA Photo Proves That The Moon Landing Was Fake, Conspiracy Theorist Says
  • Dit is de foto die volgens complottheoretici bewijst dat de maanlanding nep was
  • Research Suggests We Could Recognize and Appreciate Alien Music
  • Exploding Ants Discovered in Borneo
  • Unknown satellites in the solar system. Are they extraterrestrial? Videos.
  • Hypersaline lakes could help search for extraterrestrial life
  • THE CHALLENGES OF AN ALIEN SPACEFLIGHT PROGRAM: ESCAPING SUPER EARTHS AND RED DWARF STARS
  • What Is ‘Intelligent Life?’
  • Scientists Say an 8-Mile-Deep Italian Cave May Be the Key to Finding Life on Mars
  • What if we’re not the first advanced civilization on Earth — How would we know?
  • The Megalithic Stones Of Carnac—An Ancient Cosmic Map?
  • STUNNING RADIO TRANSMISSION OF ASTRONAUT JOHN GLENN WHEN DOZENS OF UFOS SURROUND HIM (VIDEO)
  • A Scientific Study Examining Extraterrestrial Origin Of Asteroid Oumuamua Is Finally Revealed
  • What Were The Mysterious Foo Fighters Seen By Fighter Pilots Around the World?
  • Proof of Aliens? Alien hunter spots UFO resting inside a lunar crater (Video+)
  • Alienjager spot vliegende schotel-achtig object in maankrater. Is dit een enorm ruimteschip?
  • WAT VEROORZAAKT DEZE VREEMDE LICHTSTRAAL OP ANTARCTICA ( VIDEO )
  • SpaceX to Return Booster Rockets to Earth Using Giant Party Balloons
  • Strange Shadows in Space May Be Wormholes
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    Beoordeel dit blog
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      Nog wat bijwerken
      Nog veel werk aan
     
    The purpose of  this blog is the creation of an open, international, independent and  free forum, where every UFO-researcher can publish the results of his/her research. The languagues, used for this blog, are Dutch, English and French.You can find the articles of a collegue by selecting his category.
    Each author stays resposable for the continue of his articles. As blogmaster I have the right to refuse an addition or an article, when it attacks other collegues or UFO-groupes.
     
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    Rondvraag / Poll
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    ">

    Deze blog is opgedragen aan mijn overleden echtgenote Lucienne.

    In 2012 verloor ze haar moedige strijd tegen kanker!

    In 2011 startte ik deze blog, omdat ik niet mocht stoppen met mijn UFO-onderzoek.

    BEDANKT!!!

    UFO'S - MET HET LAATSTE NIEUWS OVER UFO'S BOVEN BELGIË EN IN ANDERE LANDEN...
    UFO's in België en de rest van de wereld
    In België heb je vooral BUFON of het Belgisch UFO-Netwerk, dat zich met UFO's bezighoudt. BEZOEK DUS ZEKER VOOR ALLE OBJECTIEVE INFORMATIE ww.ufo.be. Verder heb je ook het Belgisch-Ufo-meldpunt en Caelestia, die prachtig, doch ZEER kritisch werk leveren, ja soms zelfs héél sceptisch... Voor Nederland kan je de mooie site www.ufowijzer.nl bezoeken van Paul Harmans. Een mooie site met veel informatie en artikels. MUFON of het Mutual UFO Network Inc is een Amerikaanse UFO-vereniging met afdelingen in alle USA-staten en diverse landen. MUFON's mission is the analytical and scientific investigation of the UFO- Phenomenon for the benefit of humanity... Je kan ook hun site bekijken onder www.mufon.com. Ze geven een maandeliiks tijdschrift uit, namelijk The MUFON UFO-Journal. Since 02/01/2013 is Pieter not only president (=voorzitter) of BUFON, but also National Director MUFON / Flanders and the Netherlands. We work together with the French MUFON Reseau MUFON/EUROP.
    17-04-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.We’re Getting Closer to Cloning Humans. Here’s What’s Stopping Us.

    We’re Getting Closer to Cloning Humans. Here’s What’s Stopping Us.

    Image result for We’re Getting Closer to Cloning Humans. Here’s What’s Stopping Us.
     

    If sci-fi writers of the past somehow visited us today, they might wonder: where are all the clones?

    As recently as the year 2000, it seemed almost inevitable that rogue scientists would start human cloning any day. Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell, was born in 1997. A council on bioethics called by then-President Bush, and an emergency report by the National Academies, both published reports deeming that the technology was unsafe and should be banned, even for research or therapy. Media reports covered every update breathlessly. Even Arnold Schwarzenegger got in on the action, starring in a movie about a man (with a self-driving car, of course) whose clone takes over his life.

    Yes, over the past 15 years or so, genetics research has gotten so advanced that, from a scientific perspective, we’re actually pretty darn close to being able to create human clones.

    But no need to freak out just yet. There are significant barriers to human cloning that remain, and they’re not only scientific ones.

    For one thing: the technology that created Dolly the sheep in the 90s is simply inefficient, as MIT Tech Review explains — only one of 100 cloned embryos led to a live birth, and some of those that make it are born with fatal birth defects. Scientists have overcome some of these hurdles by figuring out how to un-block genes needed to develop a cell into a full-fledged embryo, which are usually not “turned on” in their original state.

    These scientific advances have made it possible for companies to confidently charge customers to clone their beloved pets (granted, it’s still so expensive that it’s primarily the purview of celebrities, but it’s definitely a real thing that happens) and for Chinese scientists to successfully clone monkeys.

    Doesn’t seem like much of a stretch that we could the clone humans, right? But given the science we have now, it would still require a significant number of failed human pregnancies, so many that it’s hard to imagine ethics committees allowing the research to happen. Stem cell biologist Yi Zhang, whose work solved the blocked gene problem, pointed out to Tech Review that the process of creating just two long-tailed macaque monkeys required 63 surrogate mothers and 417 eggs, all of which resulted in just six pregnancies.

    Not to mention, many countries simply would not allow this process. According to the Center for Genetics and Society, any form of cloning is flat-out banned in 46 countries, and reproductive cloning (cloning specifically to create full-grown humans) is banned in another 32, leaving open the option to clone human cells for therapeutic uses like growing organs. In the United States, fifteen states prohibitreproductive cloning, and three prohibit the use of public funds for cloning research.

    That’s not to say that just because scientists are not supposed to do something, that they won’t. But human cloning research would require significant financial support and the infrastructure of sophisticated technology; it’s not something that could be done in someone’s basement lab. Therefore, unless some mad billionaire decided to attempt the process privately, anyone who wanted to carry out human cloning would have some form of review board to answer to.

    Because China hasn’t formally banned cloning in any way, some critics feared that Chinese scientists might attempt a human clone after their success in monkeys. Yet those researchers, at least, stated they had no plans to clone humans, as “social ethics would by no means allow that practice.”

    This last statement is telling: should they perform human cloning, scientists know very well that they would be shunned by the scientific and diplomatic community altogether.

    That pressure alone may be enough to keep rogue scientists from trying anything, even in places where there are no legal limits on the practice. At least, for now.

    https://futurism.com/ }

    17-04-2018 om 23:20 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    04-04-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Watch a robot fish swim in the ocean

    Watch a robot fish swim in the ocean

    MIT computer scientists have developed SoFi – a soft, robot fish made of silicone rubber – that can swim alongside real fish in the ocean.

    Computer scientists at MIT have unveiled a new, soft robot fish that can independently swim alongside real fish in the ocean. They call their robot fish SoFi and described the work in an article published March 21, 2018, in the peer-reviewed journal Science Robotics. The article is online here.

    statement from MIT said:

    During test dives in the Rainbow Reef in Fiji, SoFi swam at depths of more than 50 feet [15 meters] for up to 40 minutes at once, nimbly handling currents and taking high-resolution photos and videos using (what else?) a fisheye lens.

    Using its undulating tail and a unique ability to control its own buoyancy, SoFi can swim in a straight line, turn, or dive up or down. The team also used a waterproofed Super Nintendo controller and developed a custom acoustic communications system that enabled them to change SoFi’s speed and have it make specific moves and turns.

    Robert Katzschmann is a Ph.D. candidate at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and lead author of the new research. He said:

    To our knowledge, this is the first robotic fish that can swim untethered in three dimensions for extended periods of time.

    We are excited about the possibility of being able to use a system like this to get closer to marine life than humans can get on their own.

    The research team pointed out that, even with many technological advances in recent years, documenting marine life up close remains a challenging task. They pointed to recent rare footage of an elusive Greenland shark that can live more than 400 years. It revealed how little we know about life in the coldest oceans, and in the oceans in general.

    These scientists hope that SoFI can help shed light on the ocean’s mysteries.

    Bottom line: MIT computer scientists have developed SoFi – a soft, robot fish made of silicone rubber – that can swim alongside real fish in the ocean.

    Source: Exploration of Underwater Life with an Acoustically Controlled Soft Robotic Fish

    Via MITNews

    http://earthsky.org/ }

    04-04-2018 om 22:27 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    03-04-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.This Tiny Robot Can Crawl, Swim, and Deliver Drugs Inside the Human Body

    This Tiny Robot Can Crawl, Swim, and Deliver Drugs Inside the Human Body

    Only four millimeters in length, Germany's millirobot can be swallowed or injected into the body, then controlled with magnetic waves.

    03-04-2018 om 01:30 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    30-03-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Elon Musk’s Brain Chip Reportedly Planned For Animal Testing

    Elon Musk’s Brain Chip Reportedly Planned For Animal Testing

    This innovative—yet controversial—technology could allow humans to communicate through telepathy, have “superpowers” and solve some degenerative diseases of the brain.  Furthermore, according to Elon Musk, these brain chips could help prevent Artificial Intelligence from taking over mankind.

    However, the idea itself raises a number of questions which many experts can’t really answer.

    Is it correct? Is it ethical? And should mankind begin fusing with machines?

    Despite the fact we as a society may not have an answer for those questions yet, Elon Musk’s Neuralink is planning to conduct animal trials.

    It’s a logical and necessary next step. Apparently.

    If Musk’s Neuralink ever wants to connect human minds with machines, it will first have to be tested on animals, something that could soon happen according to Gizmodo, as Neuralink has requested from the University of California a permit to experiment with lab animals and build “a small operating room for testing and another area to house rodents.”

    Furthermore, Neuralink is also looking for staff to work in San Francisco on “nanotechnology and next-generation microelectromechanical systems”.

    “While many of our resources can be found in typical semiconductor process environments, we are highly interdisciplinary, and the usage often deviates from traditional semiconductor processing,” the listing says.

    Microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS, are fundamental tools for establishing brain-machine interfaces.

    A calculation presented last month by Grand View Research projected that the market for these devices as medical implants could reach 57,000 million dollars by 2025.

    This figure includes devices applicable beyond the brain, such as pacemakers.

    However, Neuralink’s interest in MEMS is in line with Musk’s ambition to commercialize a chip that can help people with brain damage and, in his words, “prevent machines with artificial intelligence from overtaking us.”

    As noted by Gizmodo, a spokesperson for Neuralink declined to comment on this story and Musk did not respond to a request for comment.

    According to the comments of the people who are currently working on Neuralink, Musk’s company is focusing on something known as ‘neural cord’, which is based on small brain electrodes that can one day be charged to enhance our capabilities.

    Broadly speaking, Neuralink is a neuroscience company that plans to develop ‘cranial computers’.

    The first step of the company will be to treat diseases such as epilepsy, major depression, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, but as noted by Musk, these implants could help us prevent AI taking over, something that Musk mentioned a few months ago saying that “Or humans are fused with machines, or artificial intelligence will make us irrelevant.”

    I think now we all know what he meant.

    Featured image credit: Reddit.

    https://www.ancient-code.com/ }

    30-03-2018 om 17:42 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    28-03-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Scientists ‘Discover’ New Organ Hidden in the Human Body

    Scientists ‘Discover’ New Organ Hidden in the Human Body

    How can there still be organs left in the human body to discover? Well, judging from the history of science, it’s because our our methods for analyzing and identifying the many different systems and networks within the body have improved. Think about it: we’ve only been chopping up and poking at the human body for a few centuries. Well, in a scientific sense anyway, not in the destroy-your-enemies-and-eat-their-dismembered-bodies sense. The discovery of DNA is less than a century old, while imaging technologies like magnetic resonance imaging are only a few decades old. Put into context, these relatively recent but groundbreaking advances show how we’re still only beginning to understand the complexities of the human body.

    Even more mysteries lie within the folds of the human brain.

    Case in point: a team of physicians has just published a studyof what they claim is an organ of the human body which has been completely ignored by medical science until now. They’re calling the organ the interstitium, and describe it as a dense layer of connective tissues found throughout and surrounding nearly the whole body, or a “widespread, macroscopic, fluid-filled space within and between tissues.” The organ was discovered through analyzing frozen body tissues, allowing this fluid-filled layer to retain its form unlike the flat, desiccated samples used in microscopy:

    Freezing biopsy tissue before fixation preserved the anatomy of this structure, demonstrating that it is part of the submucosa and a previously unappreciated fluid-filled interstitial space, draining to lymph nodes and supported by a complex network of thick collagen bundles. We observed similar structures in numerous tissues that are subject to intermittent or rhythmic compression, including the submucosae of the entire gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the dermis, the peri-bronchial and peri-arterial soft tissues, and fascia.

    If confirmed, the intersitium would become the 80th known organ of the human body. The researchers believe the interstitium serves as a sort of ‘shock absorber’ which helps cushion muscles and organs from impacts or compression due to the movement of the body, while also playing a much more negative role in allowing cancers to metastasize more quickly since the interstitium is connected to the lymphatic system.

    Illustration by Jill Gregory, Mount Sinai Health System, licensed under CC-BY-ND.

    Illustration by Jill Gregory, Mount Sinai Health System, licensed under CC-BY-ND.

    On a strange note, the researchers claim the interstitium generates a small electrical current as the body moves, which they note might explain the effects of acupuncture. Will the discovery of this new organ lead to new forms of therapy?  

    http://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    28-03-2018 om 22:39 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    23-03-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.This Military Device Uses Lasers to Scream, Flash, and Burn Clothes

    This Military Device Uses Lasers to Scream, Flash, and Burn Clothes

     

    For the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), killing people isn’t all that complicated. A budget of more than $600 billion per year buys a whole lot of tanks, guns, and bombs.

    But not killing someone proves to be a bit more complicated. How about just stunning them a bit from far away? Or maybe setting their clothes on fire without having to look them in the face?

    For that, we’ve got the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Development Program (JNLWD). The program’s purpose: to develop weapons and other devices military personnel can use to incapacitate targets without outright killing them. As explained on the program’s FAQ, the goal of the JNLWD is to fill the gap between “shout and shoot” (truly, we should all be grateful the armed forces acknowledge that such a gap exists).

    The JNLWD’s latest breakthrough is the Non-Lethal Laser-Induced Plasma Effect (NL-LIPE) system. They recently gave Defense One a look at the in-development device. And it’s truly a sight to behold.

    Rather, a sound to behold. Take a listen below (and maybe make sure your pets are out of the room because, we promise, they really hate this).

    Here’s how this device is useful. Imagine an enemy is getting a bit too close for comfort, and you want them to back off.

    You could use a stun grenade, a blinding flash of light and noise that leaves the enemy disoriented and stunned. Those only work if you’re close enough to throw them, though.

    And maybe you have some good guys standing in between. How do you blast the enemy but not the good guys? That’s where the lasers come in.

    First, the NL-LIPE operator shoots a burst of light at the target using a femtosecond laser. This rips electrons from the air molecules to create a ball of plasma at the targeted site. The operator then manipulates the plasma ball using a second nanolaser, directing the plasma to produce sound or light, or even burn clothing.

    Right now, of course, the technology is still in development, so it only works under pretty specific conditions. Eventually, though, the military thinks it could get the device to work at distances of tens of kilometers, David Law, head of JNLWD’s technology division, told Defense One. That would give it a longer range than any other non-lethal weapon.

    Law also said the researchers believe they’re very close to getting their device to outright “speak” to them, but the creepy almost-voice it already produces would likely be enough to get any enemies to turn tail.

    23-03-2018 om 12:48 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    20-03-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Walmart is Patenting An Autonomous Honey Bee Drone System

    Image result for Walmart is Patenting An Autonomous Honey Bee Drone System

    Walmart is Patenting An Autonomous Honey Bee Drone System

    The demise of honey bee populations worldwide has become one of the most pressing ecological concerns of our time. Over the last decade, it’s been estimated that some 30–70% European honey bee colonies have collapsed or disappeared, prompting fears of agricultural collapse due to the vital role honey bees play in pollinating crops. Scientists still aren’t sure what the exact cause of colony collapse might be, although it is believed pesticides, genetically modified crops, or even electromagnetic radiation from cellphone towers might be factors.

    Selective commercial breeding is also suspected as contributing to a diminished bee gene pool, opening the doors for many diseases.

    Selective commercial breeding is also suspected as contributing to a diminished bee gene pool, opening the doors for many diseases.

    To help stave off agricultural catastrophe, engineers around the world have begun tossing around ideas to create tiny droneswhich might pollinate crops in the absence of real bees. While this idea sounds like exactly like a recent Black Mirror episode, things got even more dystopian with the recent discovery of the filing of patent applications for robo-bee systems on behalf of retail giant and all-around nefarious corporation Walmart. What exactly might Walmart be up to?

    The same thing they do every night, Pinky: try to take over the world.

    The same thing they’re up to every night, Pinky: trying to take over the world.

    The patent was found and posted online by CB Insights, a market research firm which leverages artificial intelligence to analyze trends and identify future disruptions. The patentdescribes a pretty straightforward centralized network which can control legions of tiny bee drones which go from flower to flower pollinating crops. The patent lists many variations of the same system of pollinating unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), some of which do not require human control whatsoever:

    In some embodiments, the UAV deployed in the exemplary system does not require physical operation by a human operator and wirelessly communicates with, and is wholly or largely controlled by, the computing device.

    Hmm… hordes of tiny autonomous flying bee-bots controlled by the world’s largest retailer…say it with me now: what could go wrong?

    A lot, once version 2.1.0 rolls out.

    A lot, once Wal-Bee version 2.1.0 rolls out.

    Walmart has already been aggressively pursuing the grocery market, and many analysts believe these patents show that the massive multinational corporation might be attempting to control the food supply chain. While many of us (myself included) tend to view anything Walmart does with disdain and loathing, CB Insights notes that such a drone bee system could help the retailer “manage crop yields more effectively” and “increase its emphasis on transparency and sustainability to attract shoppers.” Still, is it wise to allow a retailer to have so much control over such a vital part of our society? Time, as always, will tell.

    http://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    20-03-2018 om 10:22 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    10-03-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.A demonic robo-wolf is now protecting Japanese farmlands

    A demonic robo-wolf is now protecting Japanese farmlands

     BY TIBI PUIU 

    Credit: YouTube.

    Credit: YouTube.

    Honshu wolves were abundant in Japan until 1732, when rabies reached the island’s shores. Alongside widescale deforestation and a state-funded culling, the disease ultimately led to wolve’s complete extinction. The last specimen was officially killed in 1905 in Nara prefecture.

    Now, in the farmlands near Kisarazu City, they are making a comeback. However, these aren’t the living, breathing wolves we all know (and fear). Rather, it’s a solar-powered robot that’s meant to look like a wolf. And instead of terrorizing Japanese rice farmers, this big, bad wolf is designed to scare off deer, wild boars and other ‘pests’ that have bred uncontrollably ever since wolves disappeared.

    21st-century scarecrow

    The mechanized wolf, officially called “Super Monster Wolf” (SMW), was loaned to the cooperative association JA Kisarazu-shi for the last eight months. Reportedly, the trial has been a resounding success with local farmers happy with the results.

    SMW measures 65 centimeters (2.2 feet) in length, which makes it about the size of a real wolf. It’s been adorned with fur, but also with a really weird and menacing-looking face, with angry blood-shot eyes. And I’m sorry to break it to you, but this version doesn’t prance around farms, shrieking and howling. Instead, it’s immobile, much like a scarecrow.

    However, it’s infrared sensors alert the bot of any wildlife that comes within a one kilometer (0.6 miles) radius. When it does, it goes full nuclear, emitting a wide range of sounds from classic wolf howls to gunshots — anything to ward off wild boars. Any humans scared to death by SMW can be classed as collateral damage.

    Since SMW was installed on July 11, Japanese news outlet The Asahi Shimbun reports that there have been no more signs of wild animals or birds nearby. So, it seems to be working quite nicely. If you’re interested in one for your farm (or evil lair), the Super Monster Wolf will become commercially available in late September for ¥200,000, or $1,810 USD. Quite the price to pay for a high-tech scarecrow, but imagine what an icebreaker this will make at parties.

    {https://www.zmescience.com/}

    10-03-2018 om 23:58 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    05-03-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Scientists ‘Inject’ Information Into Monkeys’ Brains
    CreditChristoph Hitz

    When you drive toward an intersection, the sight of the light turning red will (or should) make you step on the brake. This action happens thanks to a chain of events inside your head.

    Your eyes relay signals to the visual centers in the back of your brain. After those signals get processed, they travel along a pathway to another region, the premotor cortex, where the brain plans movements.

    Now, imagine that you had a device implanted in your brain that could shortcut the pathway and “inject” information straight into your premotor cortex.

    That may sound like an outtake from “The Matrix.” But now two neuroscientists at the University of Rochester say they have managed to introduce information directly into the premotor cortex of monkeys. The researchers published the results of the experiment on Thursday in the journal Neuron.

    Although the research is preliminary, carried out in just two monkeys, the researchers speculated that further research might lead to brain implants for people with strokes.

    “You could potentially bypass the damaged areas and deliver stimulation to the premotor cortex,” said Kevin A. Mazurek, a co-author of the study. “That could be a way to bridge parts of the brain that can no longer communicate.”

    In order to study the premotor cortex, Dr. Mazurek and his co-author, Dr. Marc H. Schieber, trained two rhesus monkeys to play a game.

    The monkeys sat in front of a panel equipped with a button, a sphere-shaped knob, a cylindrical knob, and a T-shaped handle. Each object was ringed by LED lights. If the lights around an object switched on, the monkeys had to reach out their hand to it to get a reward — in this case, a refreshing squirt of water.

    Each object required a particular action. If the button glowed, the monkeys had to push it. If the sphere glowed, they had to turn it. If the T-shaped handle or cylinder lit up, they had to pull it.

    After the monkeys learned how to play the game, Dr. Mazurek and Dr. Schieber had them play a wired version. The scientists placed 16 electrodes in each monkey’s brain, in the premotor cortex.

    Each time a ring of lights switched on, the electrodes transmitted a short, faint burst of electricity. The patterns varied according to which object the researchers wanted the monkeys to manipulate.

    As the monkeys played more rounds of the game, the rings of light dimmed. At first, the dimming caused the monkeys to make mistakes. But then their performance improved.

    Eventually the lights went out completely, yet the monkeys were able to use only the signals from the electrodes in their brains to pick the right object and manipulate it for the reward. And they did just as well as with the lights.

    This hints that the sensory regions of the brain, which process information from the environment, can be bypassed altogether. The brain can devise a response by receiving information directly, via electrodes.

    Neurologists have long known that applying electric current to certain parts of the brain can make people involuntarily jerk certain parts of their bodies. But this is not what the monkeys were experiencing.

    Dr. Mazurek and Dr. Schieber were able to rule out this possibility by seeing how short they could make the pulses. With a jolt as brief as a fifth of a second, the monkeys could still master the game without lights. Such a pulse was too short to cause the monkeys to jerk about.

    “The stimulation must be producing some conscious perception,” said Paul Cheney, a neurophysiologist at the University of Kansas Medical Center, who was not involved in the new study.

    But what exactly is that something? It’s hard to say. “After all, you can’t easily ask the monkey to tell you what they have experienced,” Dr. Cheney said.

    Dr. Schieber speculated that the monkeys “might feel something on their skin. Or they might see something. Who knows what?”

    What makes the finding particularly intriguing is that the signals the scientists delivered into the monkey brains had no underlying connection to the knob, the button, the handle or the cylinder.

    Once the monkeys started using the signals to grab the right objects, the researchers shuffled them into new assignments. Now different electrodes fired for different objects — and the monkeys quickly learned the new rules.

    “This is not a prewired part of the brain for built-in movements, but a learning engine,” said Michael A. Graziano, a neuroscientist at Princeton University who was not involved in the study.

    Dr. Mazurek and Dr. Schieber only implanted small arrays of electrodes into the monkeys. Engineers are working on implantable arrays that might include as many as 1,000 electrodes. So it may be possible one day to transmit far more complex packages of information into the premotor cortex.

    Dr. Schieber speculated that someday scientists might be able to use such advanced electrodes to help people who suffer brain damage. Strokes, for instance, can destroy parts of the brain along the pathway from sensory regions to areas where the brain makes decisions and sends out commands to the body.

    Implanted electrodes might eavesdrop on neurons in healthy regions, such as the visual cortex, and then forward information into the premotor cortex.

    “When the computer says, ‘You’re seeing the red light,’ you could say, ‘Oh, I know what that means — I’m supposed to put my foot on the brake,’” said Dr. Schieber. “You take information from one good part of the brain and inject it into a downstream area that tells you what to do.”

     { https://www.nytimes.com/ }

    05-03-2018 om 00:21 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    04-03-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen. Watch an experimental space shield shred a speeding bullet

     Watch an experimental space shield shred a speeding bullet

    video of bullet impact on test space shield

    PACKS A PUNCH  Engineers are testing a new spacecraft shield by slamming a bullet into it at 7 kilometers per second.   

    FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTE FOR HIGH-SPEED DYNAMICS

    Engineers are taking a counterintuitive approach to protecting future spacecraft: shooting at their experiments. The image above and high-speed video below capture a 2.8-millimeter aluminum bullet plowing through a test material for a space shield at 7 kilometers per second. The work is an effort to find structures that could stand up to the impact of space debris.

    Earth is surrounded by a cloud of debris, both natural — such as micrometeorites and comet dust, which create meteor showers — and unnatural, including dead satellites and the cast-off detritus of space launches. Those pieces of flotsam can damage other spacecraft if they collide at high speeds, and bits smaller than about a centimeter are hard to track and avoid, says ESA materials engineer Benoit Bonvoisin in a statement.

    FLASH BANG Watch as a bullet slams through the first layer of a new, experimental space shield, and a second layer deflects the shrapnel.

    To defend future spacecraft from taking a hit, Bonvoisin and colleagues are developing armor made from fiber metal laminates, or several thin metal layers bonded together. The laminates are arranged in multiple layers separated by 10 to 30 centimeters, a configuration called a Whipple shield.

    In this experiment at the Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics in Germany, the first layer shatters the aluminum bullet into a cloud of smaller pieces, which the second layer is able to deflect. This configuration has been used for decades, but the materials are new. The next step is to test the shield in orbit with a small CubeSat, Bonvoisin says.

    https://www.sciencenews.org/ }

    04-03-2018 om 19:03 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    22-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.A.I.'s Rapid Advance Should Be Truly Scary If You're Paying Attention
    NetBridge

    When it comes to identifying existential threats posed by technological innovations, the popular imagination summons visions of TerminatorThe Matrix, and I, Robot — dystopias ruled by robot overlords who exploit and exterminate people en masse. In these speculative futures, a combination of super-intelligence and evil intentions leads computers to annihilate or enslave the human race.

    However, a new study suggests that it will be the banal applications of A.I. that will lead to severe social consequences within the next few years. The report — “Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence” — authored by 26 researchers and scientists from elite universities and tech-focused think tanks, outlines ways that current A.I. technologies threaten our physical, digital, and political security. To bring their study into focus, the research group only looked at technology that already exists or plausibly will within the next five years.

    machine learning

    Image recognition software has already surpassed human competence.

    What the study found: A.I. systems will be likely expand existing threats, introduce new ones and change the character of them. The thesis of the report is that technological advances will make certain misdeeds easier and more worthwhile. The researchers claim that improvements in A.I. will decrease the amount of resources and expertise needed to carry out some cyber attacks, effectively lowering the barriers to crime:

    The costs of attacks may be lowered by the scalable use of AI systems to complete tasks that would ordinarily require human labor, intelligence and expertise. A natural effect would be to expand the set of actors who can carry out particular attacks, the rate at which they can carry out these attacks, and the set of potential targets.

    The report makes four recommendations:

    1 - Policymakers should collaborate closely with technical researchers to investigate, prevent, and mitigate potential malicious uses of AI.

    2 - Researchers and engineers in artificial intelligence should take the dual-use nature of their work seriously, allowing misuserelated considerations to influence research priorities and norms, and proactively reaching out to relevant actors when harmful applications are foreseeable.

    3 - Best practices should be identified in research areas with more mature methods for addressing dual-use concerns, such as computer security, and imported where applicable to the case of AI.

    4 - Actively seek to expand the range of stakeholders and domain experts involved in discussions of these challenges

    How A.I. can make current scams smarter: example, spear phishing attacks, in which con artists pose as a target’s friend, family member, or colleague in order to gain trust and extract information and money, are already a threat. But today, they require a significant expenditure of time, energy, and expertise. As A.I. systems increase in sophistication, some of the activity required for a spear phishing attack, like collecting information about a target, may be automated. A phisher could then invest significantly less energy in each grift and target more people.

    And if scammers begin to integrate A.I. into their online grifts, it may become impossible to distinguish reality from simulation. “As AI develops further, convincing chatbots may elicit human trust by engaging people in longer dialogues, and perhaps eventually masquerade visually as another person in a video chat,” the report says.

    We’ve already seen the consequences of machine-generated video in the form of Deepfakes. As these technologies become more accessible and user friendly, the researchers worry that bad actors will disseminate fabricated photos, videos, and audio files. This could result in highly successful defamation campaigns with political ramifications.

    neural network

    In just four years, generative neural networks learned to create photorealistic human faces.

    Beyond the keyboard: And potential malfeasance isn’t restricted to the internet. As we move toward the adoption of autonomous vehicles, hackers might deploy adversarial examples to fool self-driving cars into misperceiving their surroundings. “An image of a stop sign with a few pixels changed in specific ways, which humans would easily recognize as still being an image of a stop sign, might nevertheless be misclassified as something else entirely by an AI system,” the report says.

    SpotMini is relentless. Credit: Boston Dynamics / Youtube.

    Other threats include autonomous drones with integrated facial recognition software for targeting purposes, coordinated DOS attacks that mimic human behavior, and automated, hyper-personalized disinformation campaigns.

    The report recommends that researchers consider potential malicious applications of A.I. while developing these technologies. If adequate defense measures aren’t put in place, then we may already have the technology to destroy humanity, no killer robots required.

    https://www.inverse.com/ }

    22-02-2018 om 22:40 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    21-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Scientist Says Humans Will Become Immortal by 2050

    Scientist Says Humans Will Become Immortal by 2050

    Dying sucks. It’s a sad fact of human existence. When you’re young, the inevitability and permanence of death are hard to conceptualize, but experiencing the deaths of loved ones sure makes it real in a heartbeat – or lack thereof. Despite our impotence in the face of what is surely an inescapable fate, humans have been trying to find ways to avoid death since time immemorial. Modern medicine and digital media have come a long way, but the fact remains that we’re all just going to rot in the ground someday – that is, unless one of these kooky scientists proclaiming the advent of human immortality turns out to be right. This week, yet another self-proclaimed “futurologist” has issued his prediction for the strange, immortal future humanity likely has in store. Will we really soon be able to cheat death with the help of technology?

    The future will be blue and orange.

    The bigger question is why the future is always depicted in blue and orange.

    These latest predictions were made by engineer and futurologist Ian Pearson who has been a Chartered Fellow of the British Computer Society and a fellow of both the World Academy for Arts and Science and the World innovation Foundation. He claims his predictions have been shown to have “about 85% accuracy when looking 10-15 years ahead.” In an interview with The Sunpredicts humans will be able to cheat death by the year 2050. Well some humans, anyway. The rich ones. The really, really rich ones:

    One day your body dies – maybe you get hit by a bus or a nasty disease – but it doesn’t matter, because your mind will still be there. You’ll be able to use an android body instead of the organic one you just lost. For normal people on everyday salaries, it’s more likely that you’ll have to wait a little longer. By 2060, people like you or I will be able to buy it, and by 2070 people in poor countries on modest incomes will be able to buy it.

    In his prediction about human immortality, Pearson cites three emerging technological trends which have the potential to indefinitely extend the human lifespan, or at least the lifespan of human consciousnesses: rejuvenating body parts with anti-aging gene therapies or swapping out body parts for lab-grown replacements; digitizing the human consciousness and downloading it into biohybrid android sleeves à la Altered Carbon; or developing technologies which will allow our consciousnesses to exist forever in virtual realities. I don’t know about you, but that last one sounds the best to me.

    We might look at swapping out body parts the same way we look at getting a haircut or our nails done.

    We might one day look at swapping out body parts the same way we look at getting a haircut.

    While these kinds of transhumanist predictions are great material for sci-fi and surely have led to some generous research grants, I can’t help but wonder if these are merely some kind of new techno-religious belief system emerging. These kinds of technological immortality sound a lot like concepts of the afterlife, reincarnation, or the soul tossed around by many world religions. Will we really ever be able to digitize the human consciousness? Do we really want to? Just because you can do something doesn’t mean you should.

    http://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    21-02-2018 om 23:15 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    16-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.AI Expert Claims Artificial Intelligence Will Become ‘Billions Of Times’ Smarter Than Humans

    AI Expert Claims Artificial Intelligence Will Become ‘Billions Of Times’ Smarter Than Humans

    According to an expert in Artificial Intelligence, machines will become billions of times smarter than humans, and mankind needs to fuse with machines in order to survive.

    Artificial intelligence could evolve to become “billions of times smarter” than humans according to Ian Pearson, a futurist at Futurizon who says people will need to merge with machines to survive.

    The fact is that AI can go further than humans, it could be billions of times smarter than humans at this point,” said Pearson during a panel hosted by CNBC at the World Government Summit in Dubai.

    “So we really do need to make sure that we have some means of keeping up.”

    Will AI destroy the human race?

    Image Credit: Shutterstock

    Pearson continued, “The way to protect against that is to link that AI to your brain so you have the same IQ… as the computer. I don’t actually think it’s safe, just like Elon Musk… to develop these superhuman computers until we have a direct link to the human brain… and then don’t get way ahead.”

    Pearson’s comments echo the ex-engineer of Uber and Google, Anthony Levandowski, who formed the first church that worships an artificially intelligent being.

    The futuristic religion, known as the “Way of the Future,” states that our species can improve itself by following the instructions of a robot that is “a billion times smarter than humans.”

    WOTF will eventually have a gospel called ‘The Manual’, as well as rituals and even a physical place of worship.

    Levandowski named himself “WOTF” dean, giving him total control until his death or resignation.

    Interestingly, Pearson’s comments echo those made by Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk who spoke about Artificial Intelligence saying: “Over time I think we will probably see a closer merger of biological intelligence and digital intelligence.”

    Musk continued, “It’s mostly about the bandwidth, the speed of the connection between your brain and the digital version of yourself, particularly output.” Musk has since founded a startup company called Neuralink which aims to explore linking human brains to computers.

    Numerous experts have spoken out about the dangers of Artificial Intelligence, as well as its benefits.

    Should we be worried about AI?

    Image Credit: Shutterstock

    Professor Stephen Hawking, for example, says how we should be very careful when dealing and developing AI. The world-renowned scientist has said that Artificial Intelligence could become the worst event in the history of our civilization, urging experts to “employ best practice and effective management.”

    In 2017, during a talk at the Web Summit technology conference, Hawking said that AI can in theory not only emulate human intelligence but greatly exceed it. Hawking also said that there is a danger that Artificial Intelligence could become so advanced that it may develop a will of its own.

    Despite the fact that many people welcome AI into society, experts in the subject remain worried.

    Elon Musk seems to agree with Hawking when it comes to AI. Mr. Musk warns we must tread carefully when it comes to AI, and called for companies developing AI systems to slow down in order to ensure they don’t unintentionally create something extremely dangerous for humans.

    https://www.ancient-code.com/ }

    16-02-2018 om 00:27 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    15-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.'Time Traveler Who Visited The Year 8973' Shares Vision Of Future
    'Time Traveler Who Visited The Year 8973' Shares Vision Of Future

    'Time Traveler Who Visited The Year 8973' Shares Vision Of Future

    Being able to travel in time is something that has often been discussed, and it has been the focus of many movies. So far it has been seen as nothing more than a theory but would anyone believe a person if they said that they had traveled to a different time and come back?

    Time Travel proof: 'British intelligence worker' reveals truth behind Mandela effect

    Time travel is something that has fascinated many people for decades, and now a man from England by the name of William Taylor has come forward to say that he has been to the future on many different occasions and come back to tell the tale.

    "Time travel was first successfully accomplished in 1981," Taylor claims. "There is an infinite number of alternate universes, it's possible every one of these universes exist and it's possible to move between these universes. We developed a machine to not only time travel, but move between these parallel universes."

    Here is what Taylor - the time traveler - has to say to the world:


    Taylor has realized that not everyone believes his story about being able to travel into the future and this does not seem to bother him. What bothers him more is fear of reprisal for telling his story. This is because he claims to have worked for the government in Britain along with the British Intelligence agency.

    Taylor said that there are many advanced technologies being kept secret. He went on to say that in time they will be released to the public but for the time being, they are highly classified. He claimed that “they” would be coming after him for releasing the video and telling the truth and that he was putting himself at risk for speaking up. According to Taylor time travel was first accomplished in 1981, and there is an infinite number of alternate universes out there. He went on to say that it is possible that the universes exist and they can be moved between. Taylor claims that a machine was developed for time traveling and to allow people to move between the parallel universes.

    In The Year 3000 Humans Live Underwater

    Taylor spoke out above visiting the year 3000 and said that not a great deal had changed, other than humans lived under the water and he talked in detail about the things that he had seen during his time in the future. Taylor described looking up and seeing flying transportation in the sky above but only being able to see lights through what he claimed was thick smog. He went on to talk about going to 8973 and said that this was when the British government thought that machines and men would fuse together as one.

    The video goes on and the longer that Taylor speaks about his time in the future and time travel the stranger it seems to get. He starts by talking about going into the future and time traveling and then goes on to talk about parallel universes and to travel to them. He then goes on to talk about invisibility and more. Whether you believe what Taylor has to say or you are skeptical about it, the video is rather entertaining to watch, and it may have some people wondering.

    https://www.disclose.tv/ }

    15-02-2018 om 22:33 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    12-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Self-healing and fully recyclable electronic skin will help robots feel touch

    Self-healing and fully recyclable electronic skin will help robots feel touch

    BY TIBI PUIU 

    Credit: University of Colorado Boulder.

    Credit: University of Colorado Boulder.

    Scientists at the University of Colorado Boulder devised an electronic skin, or e-skin, which mimics the mechanical and functional properties of natural human skin. The artificial skin is stretchable and bendable, but also capable of measuring pressure, temperature, and vibration. In the future, this upgrade will enable robots to sense their environment, making human-robot interactions less creepy. E-skin will also be helpful for disabled humans who are forced to wear a prosthesis.

    Robo-touch

    Electronic skin isn’t a novel concept. For the last decade, scientists all over the world have demonstrated functional artificial skin that possesses the ability to feel and touch objects. However, this is the first time that we’re shown an e-skin that can both heal itself and is fully recyclable.

    This particular device … won’t produce any waste,” said study co-author Jianliang Xiao, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Colorado Boulder. “We want to make electronics to be environmentally friendly.”

    Xiao and colleagues made their e-skin out of polymer and silver nanoparticles, the latter being responsible for the device’s self-healing properties. If for some reason the e-skin is torn in half, the two sides can come back together in the presence of a rehealing agent and heat pressing, which restores the broken chemical bonds. If the damage is irreparable, the device can be put into a solution that separates and recovers the silver nanoparticles, thereby allowing the material to be recycled for a new e-skin.

    What is unique here is that the chemical bonding of polyimine we use allows the e-skin to be both self-healing and fully recyclable at room temperature,” Xiao said.

    Schematic of e-skin and its uses. Credit: University of Colorado Boulder .

    Schematic of e-skin and its uses.

    Credit: University of Colorado Boulder .

    Xiao envisions the e-skin being fundamental to improving interactions between human beings and robots. For instance, the scientist imagines babysitting robots equipped with fingers covered in e-skin that can tell what the temperature of the baby is or can measure pressure so the robot doesn’t press too hard.

    Similarly, prostheses wrapped in e-skin can enable people who have lost a limb to regain control not only of their dexterity — at least in part — but also sensing ability, as reported in the journal Science Advances.   

    But this e-skin isn’t perfect. Unlike our own natural skin, the e-skin isn’t very flexible or stretchable. Worse of all, the device isn’t easily reproducible, which is why Xiao and colleagues are working on a solution that might enable them to scale down the e-skin’s manufacturing.

    We are facing pollution issues every day,” Xiao noted. “It’s important to preserve our environment and make sure that nature can be very safe for ourselves and for our kids.”

    https://www.zmescience.com/ }

    12-02-2018 om 22:23 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    07-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.U.S. Department of Defense Study Successfully Zaps Brains to Improve Memory
    Transcranial direct stimulation coma

    Most of us accept eventual memory impairment as an unfortunate fact of life, but recent advances in brain stimulation, funded by the U.S. Department of Defense, could be changing all that. On Tuesday, scientists conducting research within the program reported in the journal Nature Communications that they’d found a way to electrically stimulate the brain to improve memory recall in a significant way.

    The goal of the program is to ultimately treat people with neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy, which affect many combat veterans living with the long-term effects of head trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder. The new paper, published Tuesday, is a major step in achieving those goals. The team of researchers, led by Youssef Ezzyat, Ph.D. of the University of Pennsylvania, found that directly stimulating a part of the brain called the lateral temporal cortex could help improve patients’ memory recall by as much as 15 percent.

    Electric Brain

    By stimulating the lateral temporal cortex, scientists found they could improve patients' memory recall by 15 percent.

    In the study, the researchers recorded the brain activity of 25 volunteers who were participating in a clinical trial intended to treat drug-resistant epilepsy, a seizure disorder that can affect a person’s memory. The patients read a list of 12 words and were instructed to remember them. All the while, scientists monitored the patients’ brain activity via electrodes on the cortical surface of the brain as well as embedded in the brain.

    Feeding this data to a machine-learning algorithm showed them when a patient’s brain was most likely not encoding the memories properly. Later, when patients were performing a memory task, the electrodes hooked up to their lateral temporal cortex, a part of the brain associated with memory and language processing, gave the patients a little zap of electricity to stimulate the region whenever it detected activity associated with encoding deficits.

    The study’s authors report that this monitoring and responding process, known as closed-loop stimulation, improved patients’ memory recall by 15 percent. This new study rests on previous findings by Ezzyat’s team, which demonstrated the potential of closed-loop brain stimulation for improving memory encoding. This differs from open-loop stimulation in that it only fires up when a patient is showing the biomarkers that indicate encoding problems. The latest research builds on this intervention by identifying an anatomical target for brain stimulation.

    Since, as Inverse previously reported, the National Institutes of Mental Health isn’t very interested in funding this kind of research, it looks like this project and others funded by the D.O.D. could be doctors’ best bet at perfecting treatments that involve direct brain stimulation.

    Abstract: 

    Memory failures are frustrating and often the result of ineffective encoding. One approach to improving memory outcomes is through direct modulation of brain activity with electrical stimulation. Previous efforts, however, have reported inconsistent effects when using open-loop stimulation and often target the hippocampus and medial temporal lobes. Here we use a closed-loop system to monitor and decode neural activity from direct brain recordings in humans. We apply targeted stimulation to lateral temporal cortex and report that this stimulation rescues periods of poor memory encoding. This system also improves later recall, revealing that the lateral temporal cortex is a reliable target for memory enhancement. Taken together, our results suggest that such systems may provide a therapeutic approach for treating memory dysfunction.


    You've read that, now watch this: "'Mindset' Headphones Monitor Your Brainwaves to Keep You Focused"

    https://www.inverse.com/ }

    07-02-2018 om 22:15 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Worm uploaded to a computer and trained to balance a pole

    Worm uploaded to a computer and trained to balance a pole

    Vienna University of Technology

    Worm uploaded to a computer and trained to balance a pole

    The analogue, natural version of C.elegans. Credit: TU Wien

    Is it a computer program or a living being? At TU Wien (Vienna), the boundaries have become blurred. The neural system of a nematode was translated into computer code – and then the virtual worm was taught amazing tricks.

    C.elegans.

    C. elegans worms.
    Image credits PROZEISS Microscopy / Flickr.

    It is not much to look at: the nematode C. elegans is about one millimetre in length and is a very simple organism. But for science, it is extremely interesting. C. elegans is the only living being whose neural system has been analysed completely. It can be drawn as a circuit diagram or reproduced by computer software, so that the neural activity of the worm is simulated by a computer program.

    Such an artificial C. elegans has now been trained at TU Wien (Vienna) to perform a remarkable trick: The computer worm has learned to balance a pole at the tip of its tail.

    C. elegans has to get by with only 300 neurons. But they are enough to make sure that the worm can find its way, eat bacteria and react to certain external stimuli. It can, for example, react to a touch on its body. A reflexive response is triggered and the worm squirms away.

    This behaviour is determined by the worm's  and the strength of the connections between them. When this simple reflex network is recreated on a computer, the simulated worm reacts in exactly the same way to a virtual stimulation – not because anybody programmed it to do so, but because this kind of behaviour is hard-wired in its neural network.

    Credit: TU Wien

    "This  of such a neural circuit, is very similar to the reaction of a control agent balancing a pole," says Ramin Hasani (Institute of Computer Engineering, TU Wien). This is a typical control problem that can be solved quite well by standard controllers. A pole is fixed on its lower end on a moving object, and it is supposed to stay in a vertical position. Whenever it starts tilting, the lower end has to move slightly to keep the pole from tipping over. Much like the worm has to change its direction whenever it is stimulated by a touch, the pole must be moved whenever it tilts.

    Mathias Lechner, Radu Grosu and Ramin Hasani wanted to find out whether the neural system of C. elegans, uploaded to a computer, could solve this problem – without adding any nerve cells, just by tuning the strength of the synaptic connections. This basic idea (tuning the connections between nerve cells) is also the characteristic feature of any natural learning process

    Worm test pole.

    The worm’s natural behavior is very similar to that required in this test.
    Image credits TU Wien.

    A Program without a Programmer

    "With the help of reinforcement learning, a method also known as 'learning based on experiment and reward,' the artificial reflex network was trained and optimized on the computer," Mathias Lechner explains. The team succeeded in teaching the virtual nerve system to balance a pole. "The result is a controller, which can solve a standard technology problem – stabilizing a pole, balanced on its tip. But no human being has written even one line of code for this controller, it just emerged by training a biological nerve system," says Radu Grosu.

    The team is going to explore the capabilities of such control circuits further. The project raises the question whether there is a fundamental difference between living  systems and computer code. Is machine learning and the activity of our brain the same on a fundamental level? At least we can be pretty sure that the simple nematode C. elegans does not care whether it lives as a worm in the ground or as a virtual worm on a  hard drive.

    Worm uploaded to a computer and trained to balance a pole

    In real life, the worm reacts to touch—and the same neural curcuits can perform tasks in the computer.
    Credit: TU Wien

     Explore further: 

    More information: Worm-level Control through Search-based Reinforcement Learning:

    https://phys.org/ }

    07-02-2018 om 21:15 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    06-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.‘Machines That Think’ predicts the future of artificial intelligence

    ‘Machines That Think’ predicts the future of artificial intelligence

    A new book explores how AI may change people’s lives

    BY 
     
    thinking robot

    FORWARD THINKING  Toby Walsh cuts through the hype to give a critical assessment of how much we should welcome or worry about a future full of “thinking” machines.

    PHONLAMAIPHOTO/ISTOCKPHOTO

    Machines That Think
    Toby Walsh
    Prometheus Books, $16

    Movies and other media are full of mixed messages about the risks and rewards of building machines with minds of their own. For every manipulative automaton like Ex Machina’s Ava (SN: 5/16/15, p. 26), there’s a helpful Star Wars droid. And while some tech titans such as Elon Musk warn of the threats artificial intelligence presents, others, including Mark Zuckerberg, dismiss the doomsayers.

    AI researcher Toby Walsh’s Machines That Think is for anyone who has heard the hype and is seeking a critical assessment of what the technology can do — and what it might do in the future. Walsh’s conversational style is welcoming to nonexperts while his endnotes point readers to opportunities for deeper dives into specific aspects of AI.

    Walsh begins with a history of AI, from Aristotle’s foundation of formal logic to modern facial-recognition systems. Excerpts from computer-composed poetry and tales of computers trouncing humans at strategy games (SN: 11/11/17, p. 13) are a testament to how far AI has come. But Walsh also highlights weaknesses, such as machine-learning algorithms’ reliance on so much data to master a single task.

    This 30,000-foot view of AI research packs a lot of history, as well as philosophical and technical explanation. Walsh personalizes the account with stories of his own programming experiences, anecdotes about AI in daily life — like his daughter’s use of Siri — and his absolute, unapologetic love of puns.

    Later in the book, Walsh speculates about technical hurdles that may curb further AI development and legal limits that society may want to impose. He also explores the societal impact that increasingly intelligent computers may have.

    For instance, Walsh evaluates how likely various jobs are to be outsourced to AI. Some occupations, like journalist, will almost certainly be automated, he argues. Others, like oral surgeon, are probably safe. For future job security, Walsh recommends pursuing careers that require programming acumen, emotional intelligence or creativity.

    AI also has the potential to revolutionize warfare. “Like Moore’s law, we are likely to see exponential growth in the capabilities of autonomous weapons,” Walsh writes. “I have named this ‘Schwarzenegger’s law’ to remind us of where it will end.” Walsh isn’t resigned to a Terminator-like future, though. If governments ban killer robots and arms developers use automation to enhance defensive equipment, he believes military AI could actually save many lives.

    In fact, Walsh argues, all aspects of AI’s future impacts are in our hands. “Artificial intelligence can lead us down many different paths, some good and some bad,” he writes. “Society must choose which path to take.” 

    Buy Machines That Think from Amazon.com. Science News is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program. Please see our FAQ for more details.

    https://www.sciencenews.org/ }

    06-02-2018 om 12:18 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    04-02-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.5D Crystals Can Store Data Virtually Forever, Scientists Say -- Crystal Skulls Connections

    5D Crystals Can Store Data Virtually Forever, Scientists Say -- Crystal Skulls Connections

    Researchers at the University of Southampton have recently announced that they are able to store and retrieve huge amounts of five dimensional data on quartz crystals.

    The technology has immediately received a cool nickname: the "Superman memory crystal" — after the "memory crystals" used as storing devices in the Superman films.


    I. How does it work? 

    “…the data is recorded via self-assembled nanostructures created in fused quartz, which is able to store vast quantities of data for over a million years,” explains a press release. “The information encoding is realized in five dimensions: the size and orientation in addition to the three dimensional position of these nanostructures.” [1]
    Image Credit: Warner Bros;

    That sounds complicated, but what it basically means is that, using ultra-fast lasers, we can now encode a piece of quartz with 5D information in the form of nanostructured dots separated by only one millionth of a meter.

    The self-assembled nanostructures change the way light travels through glass, modifying polarization of light that can then be read by combination of optical microscope and a polarizer, similar to that found in Polaroid sunglasses,states the release. [2]

    The storage allows unprecedented parameters including 360 TB/disc data capacity, thermal stability up to 1000°C and practically unlimited lifetime.

    "We are developing a very stable and safe form of portable memory using glass, which could be highly useful for organisations with big archives. At the moment companies have to back up their archives every five to ten years because hard-drive memory has a relatively short lifespan. (...) Museums who want to preserve information or places like the national archives where they have huge numbers of documents, would really benefit," stated the ORC leading researcher, Jingyu Zhang. [2]

    II. In case of mankind's extinction, the 5D memory crystals will "survive" to tell our story

    Image result for 5D Crystals Can Store Data Virtually Forever, Scientists Say

    5D Crystals Can Store Data Virtually Forever, Scientists Say

    The team's supervisor, Professor Peter Kazansky, explained:

    "It is thrilling to think that we have created the first document which will likely survive the human race. This technology can secure the last evidence of civilisation: all we've learnt will not be forgotten." [3]

    It's interesting that preserving mankind's history is considered by scientists to be the most important thing we can achieve with this technology.

    If others before us discovered this technology, then it is very probable that they have reached to the same conclusions.

    Back in 2010 I wrote about David, a child who allegedly incarnated on Earth from a planet called Inua. He explained that all of the evolved extraterrestrial species store data on crystals for aeons - including their history.

    In conclusion, if we are to look for solid evidence about the existence of lost ancient civilizations (e.g. Lemurians, Atlanteans, ET visitors), then we should also consider looking for "memory crystals".

    If we are to leave our history recorded for posterity - just in case our species doesn't make by the end of the century  then a disc-shaped (or icicle-shaped, as depicted in Superman) crystal may not be the best shape for such an important library.

    No! The crystal needs to be solid enough not to shatter with ease, beautiful enough for others to preserve it, and awe-inspiring so that it is treated with respect... maybe even feared.

    Why? Because the ones who find it, may not be able to read its message, so it needs to survive in one piece until someone figures out what it is and/or has the technology to decode the encrypted message.

    And just one crystal may not be enough... so the more we make, the better.

    It should be crystal-clear (pun intended) by now that I am making a reference to something. Do you know what I am talking about?

    I am, of course, talking about the famous ancient crystal skulls. And there are - at least - about a dozen of original crystal skulls in private and public collections.

    III. The Mysterious Ancient Crystal Skulls of Mesoamerica

    These mysterious crystal skulls reunite all the needed features (solid, beautiful, numerous and awe inspiring) for them to survive long enough so that their possible message could be decoded by an advanced species.

    Photograph by AFP/Getty Images

    According to National Geographic,

    "Some are crystal clear, others of smoky or colored quartz. Some are actual human size and of very fine detail, while others are smaller and less refined. All are believed to originate from Mexico and Central America.

    Many believe these skulls were carved thousands or even tens of thousands of years ago by an ancient Mesoamerican civilization. Others think they may be relics from the legendary island of Atlantis or proof that extraterrestrials visited the Aztec sometime before the Spanish conquest." [4]

    Unfortunately, according to the same source cited above, the British Museum and the Smithsonian Institution declared their original skulls to be fake:

    "Recent electron microscope analyses of skulls by the British Museum and the Smithsonian Institution revealed markings that could only have been made with modern carving implements."

    Firstly, the original skulls could have been easily replaced with fakes by now. Those who control the world have access anywhere they desire.

    Secondly, just because the skulls have modern-looking carving marks on them is not evidence that the skulls are fake. There are plenty of monuments drilled, carved and stacked together so perfectly that it would be challenging to replicate even today (e.g Puma Punku, or the Great Pyramids of Egypt- just to name a couple of sites).

    Image result for 5D Crystals Can Store Data Virtually Forever, Scientists Say

    Revolutionary "Superman" Memory Crystals Can Store Data Virtually Forever | Inhabitat - Green Design, Innovation, Architecture, Green Building

    Interesting times await us just around the corner, so - who knows?! - maybe one day, soon, I will be able to report to you that an ancient crystal skull has been discovered to contain the real history of our planet and its inhabitants.

    By Alexander Light, HumansAreFree.com; |

    Sources: [1] Inhabitat, [2] Eureka Alert, [3] Dvice; [4] National Geographic;

    http://humansarefree.com/ }

    04-02-2018 om 23:27 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    31-01-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.This Tiny Robot Can Crawl, Swim, and Deliver Drugs Inside the Human Body

    This Tiny Robot Can Crawl, Swim, and Deliver Drugs Inside the Human Body

    Only four millimeters in length, Germany's millirobot can be swallowed or injected into the body, then controlled with magnetic waves.

    31-01-2018 om 00:18 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )



    Foto

    DES LIENS AVEC LE RESEAU FRANCOPHONE DE MUFON ET MUFONEUROP
  • BELGISCH UFO-NETWERK BUFON
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  • Site du REUB ASBL

    Other links with friends / bloggers # not always UFOs
  • PANGRadio MarcSima
  • Blog 2 Bernward
  • Nederlandse UFO-groep
  • Ufologie Liège
  • NIBURU
  • Disclose TV
  • UFO- Sightings - HOTSPOT
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  • The Ciizen Hearing on Disclosure
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    LINKS OF THE BLOGS OF MY FACEBOOK-FRIENDS
  • ufologie -Guillaume Perrot
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  • CENTRE DE RECHERCHE OVNI PARASPYCHOLOGIE SCIENCE - CROPS -
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  • PARANORMAL JOURNEY GUIDE

    WELCOME TO THIS BLOG! I hope that you enjoy the lecture of all issues. If you did see a UFO, you can always mail it to us. Best wishes.
    Beste bezoeker,
    Heb je zelf al ooit een vreemde waarneming gedaan, laat dit dan even weten via email aan
    oliver.d.julian|@gmail.com of aan www.ufo.be. Deze onderzoekers behandelen jouw melding in volledige anonimiteit en met alle respect voor jouw privacy. Ze zijn kritisch, objectief  maar open minded aangelegd en zullen jou steeds een verklaring geven voor jouw waarneming!
    DUS AARZEL NIET, ALS JE EEN ANTWOORD OP JOUW VRAGEN WENST, CONTACTEER OLIVER.
    BIJ VOORBAAT DANK...

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    Over mijzelf
    Ik ben Pieter, en gebruik soms ook wel de schuilnaam Peter2011.
    Ik ben een man en woon in Linter (België) en mijn beroep is Ik ben op rust..
    Ik ben geboren op 18/10/1950 en ben nu dus 67 jaar jong.
    Mijn hobby's zijn: Ufologie en andere esoterische onderwerpen.
    Op deze blog vind je onder artikels, werk van mezelf. Mijn dank gaat ook naar André, Ingrid, Oliver, Paul, Vincent, Georges Filer en MUFON voor de bijdragen voor de verschillende categorieën... Veel leesplezier en geef je mening over deze blog.
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    LINKS NAAR BEKENDE UFO-VERENIGINGEN - DEEL 1
  • http://www.ufonieuws.nl/
  • http://www.grenswetenschap.nl/
  • http://www.beamsinvestigations.org.uk/
  • http://www.mufon.com/
  • http://www.ufomeldpunt.be/
  • http://www.ufowijzer.nl/
  • http://www.ufoplaza.nl/
  • http://www.ufowereld.nl/
  • http://www.stantonfriedman.com/
  • http://ufo.start.be/

    LINKS NAAR BEKENDE UFO-VERENIGINGEN - DEEL 2
  • www.ufo.be
  • www.caelestia.be
  • ufo.startpagina.nl.
  • www.wszechocean.blogspot.com.
  • AsocCivil Unifa
  • UFO DISCLOSURE PROJECT

  • Startpagina !


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