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  • The Geology Of Star Trek: From Extraterrestrial Minerals To Alien Life-Forms
  • Flying Saucers to Mind Control: 22 Declassified Military & CIA Secrets- PART I
  • Flying Saucers to Mind Control: 22 Declassified Military & CIA Secrets - PART II
  • What is pareidolia?
  • Pseudo-Satellite Drone Flies for 25 Days Straight, Sets Endurance Record
  • NASA's Mars Opportunity Rover Might Be Gone for Good — Here's Why
  • Stanford’s Most Successful Remote Viewer Reveals Location Of 4 Alien Bases On Earth
  • Tijdens dit succesvolle Amerikaanse overheidsexperiment werden 4 buitenaardse bases op aarde ontdekt. Dit zijn de locaties
  • Germany Has No Plans to Deal With Space Alien Attack
  • Were UFO Hunters Foiled Again After
  • North Carolina Man Films ‘UFO’ Hovering Over Lake, Then Goodyear Makes Astonishing Announcement
  • Pilot wanted for secretive airline that flies to Area 51
  • A Look Back: Charles Hickson talks of his abduction by a UFO in Pascagoula
  • UFO sighting that went viral was actually just a blimp
  • Three transparent Spheres with figures inside caught over Lake Okanagan, Canada
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    Beoordeel dit blog
      Zeer goed
      Nog wat bijwerken
      Nog veel werk aan
    The purpose of  this blog is the creation of an open, international, independent and  free forum, where every UFO-researcher can publish the results of his/her research. The languagues, used for this blog, are Dutch, English and French.You can find the articles of a collegue by selecting his category.
    Each author stays resposable for the continue of his articles. As blogmaster I have the right to refuse an addition or an article, when it attacks other collegues or UFO-groupes.
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    Rondvraag / Poll
    Bestaan UFO's echt? Are UFOs real?Les OVNIS existent-ils vraiement?
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    Rondvraag / Poll
    Denk Jij dat UFO's buitenaards zijn? Do You think that UFOs are extraterrestrial? Les OVNIS sont- ils ET?
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    Deze blog is opgedragen aan mijn overleden echtgenote Lucienne.

    In 2012 verloor ze haar moedige strijd tegen kanker!

    In 2011 startte ik deze blog, omdat ik niet mocht stoppen met mijn UFO-onderzoek.


    UFO's in België en de rest van de wereld
    In België heb je vooral BUFON of het Belgisch UFO-Netwerk, dat zich met UFO's bezighoudt. BEZOEK DUS ZEKER VOOR ALLE OBJECTIEVE INFORMATIE Verder heb je ook het Belgisch-Ufo-meldpunt en Caelestia, die prachtig, doch ZEER kritisch werk leveren, ja soms zelfs héél sceptisch... Voor Nederland kan je de mooie site bezoeken van Paul Harmans. Een mooie site met veel informatie en artikels. MUFON of het Mutual UFO Network Inc is een Amerikaanse UFO-vereniging met afdelingen in alle USA-staten en diverse landen. MUFON's mission is the analytical and scientific investigation of the UFO- Phenomenon for the benefit of humanity... Je kan ook hun site bekijken onder Ze geven een maandeliiks tijdschrift uit, namelijk The MUFON UFO-Journal. Since 02/01/2013 is Pieter not only president (=voorzitter) of BUFON, but also National Director MUFON / Flanders and the Netherlands. We work together with the French MUFON Reseau MUFON/EUROP.
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Engineers in the U.K. unveil the world’s first graphene-skinned airplane

    Engineers in the U.K. unveil the world’s first graphene-skinned airplane

    first graphene skinned plane img 3291

    “This project is a genuine world’s first,” Billy Beggs, UCLan’s Engineering Innovation manager, told Digital Trends. “It represents the latest stage of an ongoing collaborative program between academia and industry to build on innovative research, and exploit graphene applications in aerospace. We are establishing a lead in the industrial application of graphene.”

    While the 3D-printed elements and graphene batteries are certainly exciting, the graphene-skinned wings are the most promising part of the project. Specifically, it is hoped that the use of graphene can help reduce the overall weight of the aircraft to increase its range and potential payload. This is made possible because the graphene carbon used in Juno is around 17 percent lighter than standard carbon fiber. Other properties of the graphene can help it counter the effects of potentially dangerous lightning strikes, due to its extreme conductivity, and protect the aircraft against ice buildup during flight.

    first graphene skinned plane juno  1

    Working with UCLan on the project is the Sheffield Advanced Manufacturing Research Center, University of Manchester’s National Graphene Institute, Haydale Graphene Industries, and assorted other businesses and research institutes.

    “The U.K. Industrial Strategy highlights graphene as an example of a scientific discovery that needs to translate into industrial applications,” Peter Thomas, head of Innovation and Partnership at UCLan, told us. “Post-Brexit, the U.K. needs to continue to develop competitive advantage in aerospace through innovation.”

    With Juno having made its stunning public demonstration, the next phase of the operation will include further tests to be carried out over the next two months. Should all go according to plan, airplanes such as this may well turn out to a particularly promising line of inquiry for graphene-related initiatives.


    12-08-2018 om 18:40 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Scientists Want To Put These Spider-Like Microbots Under Your Skin

    Scientists Want To Put These Spider-Like Microbots Under Your Skin

    Scientists Want To Put These Spider-Like Microbots Under Your Skin

    If anyone suggests having micro spider-like robots, living under the skin people might think them insane. However, people may actually want them to get under their skin, as they might be able to help fix the body when it begins to stop working, as it should.

    Soft, Squishy Microrobots Might Undertake Tasks Humans Cannot

    The robots in question are spider-like microbots researchers are developing that might one day be able to crawl around the body of humans. The robots are soft, they are squishy and flexible, plus they look a lot like spiders. While they are not yet ready to go around mending the bodies of humans just yet, future versions of them might be able to undertake tasks that humans would not be able to achieve.

    Wing Plastic Product Design

    A team of roboticists working at the Harvard University Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Boston University and Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have created such robots.

    New Fabrication Process Means Robots Can Be Just Millimeters

    The team got together to create microrobots based on a new fabrication process allowing them to make machines that are millimeters in scale while having features that are micrometer. This is not the first time that robots of this size have been created. However, robots in the past of equal size have not been as dynamic. The team made a spider bot that is transparent, which they based around the Australian peacock spider, to show off the robot.

    Robot Robotics

    Assistant professor, Rommaso Ranzani, from Boston University said:

    "The idea of designing along with fabricating a soft robot inspired by the peacock spider comes from the fact that this small insect embodies a large number of unsolved challenges in soft robotics.He went on to say,Indeed it is less than a centimeter wide, has features down to the micron scale, a well-defined three-dimensional structure, and a large number of independently controllable degrees of freedom in only a couple of centimeters width. In addition, it is characterized by beautiful color patterns. We saw here an opportunity to advance the manufacturing capabilities in small-scale soft robotics and to demonstrate the capabilities of our process."

    The team came up with an approach to fabrication called "Morph" also known as Microfluidic Origami for Reconfigurable Pneumatic/Hydraulic. To make the robot the researchers put 12 layers of elastic silicone together to make up the legs, the abdomen, and torso of the spider robot. They then used processes including laser-micro-machining in order to ensure the measurements were precise.

    Close Up

    The Process Leads to Robots That Mimic Real Life Spiders

    The resulting micro-spider can flex its joints along with moving its legs. It is even capable of raising its abdomen just as the real Peacock spider does in real life. The spider works by injecting micro fluids into hollow channels that run from the abdomen on the spider down into the legs.

    The team believes that the robotic spiders manufacturing process might lead to Microbots with soft and dynamic bodies one day being able to undertake medical tasks that are extremely delicate inside the bodies of human beings. The robots may also be capable of undertaking search along with rescue missions, which are too dangerous for humans. }

    11-08-2018 om 12:27 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Forget Flying Cars … Here Comes the Flying Train!

    Forget Flying Cars … Here Comes the Flying Train!


    Flying Train

    Image courtesy AKKA TECHNOLOGIES

    Transportation is about to get a technology-driven reboot. Recently, Akka Technologies, an innovative engineering and consulting company based in France, unveiled its mind-blowing Link & Fly aircraft design.

    The new vehicle is both a flying train that can take to the air and a plane with a passenger pod and detachable wings that can travel on the ground via tracks. Akka’s Link & Fly concept craft will be 33.8 meters long and 8.2 meters high, with a 48.8-meter wingspan.

    Akka’s chief executive officer, Maurice Ricci, said, “After cars go electric and autonomous, the next big disruption will be in airplanes.”

    With Akka’s futuristic concept, when you need to fly, you will take a tube-shaped passenger train that will bring you straight to the airport. At the airport, the passenger pod will then roll onto the runway, where the pod will attach to the wings, which sit waiting with the engines on top.

    Upon landing, the plane detaches from its wings and turns back into a train, which rolls on tracks to local train stations.

    The craft is planned to have a maximum cruise altitude of 39,800 feet, a range of 2,200 kilometers, and a cruise speed of Mach 0.78 (around 600 miles per hour). }

    28-07-2018 om 00:35 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.By 2050, We Will Attend Ower Own Funerals... As Robots

    By 2050, We Will Attend Ower Own Funerals... As Robots

    By 2050, We Will Attend Ower Own Funerals... As Robots

    Robotics along with virtual reality is said to be the way in the future.

    This is good news for anyone who has ever wondered how many people will come to their funeral when they die as it has been said that by 2050 humans will be able to attend their own funeral in a robot body.

    "If you're under 40 reading this article, you're probably not going to die unless you get a nasty disease"

    Androiden Roboter Robot Artificial Intelligence

    Dr. Ian Pearson made the astonishing claim that by 2050 humans will be able to have their minds stored in a computer. This means that actual bodies will be made redundant. It also means that when the body dies, the brain will still live on inside a robot.

    People Might Live Forever in Realistic Robotic Bodies

    In the future, the brain of a person could be copied and put inside a robot that has a realistic looking face. Pearson also believes that in the future the brain will be connected to a computer. Instead of becoming just a copy of the human’s brain, it will actually be an extension of the mind.

    Humans And Robots Robot

    The doctor said that when the human body dies the brain stops working. However, about 99% of the mind is fine, and it would be quite happy to continue running in the cloud, just as data does now. Pearson is under the impression that if people have saved enough data in their brain along with it being prepared, the brain could be connected up to an android, with the robot becoming the body of that person.

    This essentially means that a person never dies; only the body does. It would also mean that the person would be able to go to his or her own funeral to say goodbye to their old body then continue life as before in the robotic body.

    There are already super realistic faces along with bodies made from silicone on the market, some with robotics inside, sold in the sex doll market. Pearson said that the person would be the same inside, with the same thoughts, feelings, and personality, but their body would be upgraded, which means it would never get old. He said, "Still you, just with a younger, highly upgraded body."

    Humans Might Live in the Real World in Robotic Bodies or in Virtual Reality

    This is not the first time Dr. Pearson has made such an outlandish claim. In the past, he has talked about numerous ways of being able to beat death. These claims have included renewing body parts thanks to genetic engineering, putting humans into computers and robots, or transferring the brain of a human into a computer, allowing them to live in a virtual world.

    Pearson did say that not everyone would be lucky enough to be able to live forever inside a robot. He said, "Some people may need to wait until 2060 or later until the android price falls enough for them to afford one." This means only the super-rich would be able to live on like a robot at first.

    Boneka Sex Robot Sexual Intercourse

    Companies Might Turn Robotic Humans into Slaves

    There is also the issue of storing brains on computers. Pearson pointed this out in relation to how servers store brains along with the servers being in the hands of companies such as Facebook, Apple or Google. Pearson said, "The small print may give them some rights over replication, ownership, and license to your idea, who knows what?

    "So although future electronic immortality has the advantage of offering a pretty attractive version of immortality at first glance, a closer reading of the 100 page T&Cs may well reveal some nasties.

    "You may in fact no longer own your mind. Oh dear!"

    There are worries that companies could copy the minds of people, then go on to sell them. A person’s brain might also be used as a worker mind, which would essentially turn the person into a slave, so it is not all good news. }

    26-07-2018 om 22:56 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Robots May Soon Take Human Minds and Attend Their Bodies’ Funerals

    Robots May Soon Take Human Minds and Attend Their Bodies’ Funerals

    Yet another great plot for a science fiction novel is about to become reality instead. A renowned futurologist has laid out the plan for how robots will acquire human minds, then attend the funerals of the mind’s human body … by 2050. That means we’re a mere three decades away from immortality through robotics … well, those who will be able to afford it are. Should you wait to see how the novel ends before saving your money?

    In a post on his Futurizon blog, Dr. Ian Pearson – former member of parliament, author, lecturer and creator of 1800+ inventions including text messaging and the active contact lens – gives his own somewhat dystopian views on the inevitable road to human androidization and beyond, which he sees occurring by 2050. He begins by predicting that we will arrive at the point with “99% of your mind is running on external IT rather than in the meat-ware in your head.” With your mind not in the clouds but in the ‘cloud’, the next step will then be easy:

    “Assuming you saved enough and prepared well, you connect to an android to use as your body from now on, attend your funeral, and then carry on as before, still you, just with a younger, highly upgraded body.”

    To brace readers for the big prediction/warning/plot-turn, Pearson first gives little warnings about how this will be expensive – while servers are cheap, robots are not.

    “Some people may need to wait until 2060 or later until android price falls enough for them to afford one.”

    Wait? Humans? Really? There must be a way to get our robotic containers for our human minds right away and at a reasonable price, right Dr. Pearson?

    “Maybe your continued existence is paid for as part of an extended company medical plan.”

    That’s one alternative Pearson proposes, assuming medical insurance is still around in 2050. However (there’s always a ‘however’), letting someone else own or lease your robotic body may allow them (read the fine print) to own, lease or at least access your mind, using it for good (allowing it to continue to write funny stuff for your readers) or bad (cloning an evil mind into millions of copies or adding it to a collective that will someday take over the world).

    It gets worse. What if the medical plan goes bankrupt paying for replacement android bodies for millions of its immortal or vain clients? Perhaps you saw this coming and set up a fund for your children, grandchildren and beyond to pay for your upgrades and keep your robotic body in good working order. If they didn’t always listen to you when you were human, will they listen to your android self?

    “After all, they know you know they have kids or grand-kids in school that need paid for, and homes don’t come cheap, and they really need that new kitchen.”

    Grandpa, would you deprive your great-grandchildren of a new iPhone 500 UltraPlus just so you can have a titanium cranium?

    But I “need” a titanium cranium!

    OK, maybe letting a corporation specifically designed for the purpose of managing and upgrading cyborgs in return for using enough of your mind to pay for it isn’t such a bad idea. After all, businesses always have your best interests in mind, right?

    “[Then] you could stay immortal, unable to die, stuck forever as just a corporate asset, a mere slave.”

    Is this inevitable? Dr. Pearson claims to have an 85 percent accuracy record when looking 10 to 15 years into the future. Should we trust his predictions/warnings for 30?

    Do we already know how this novel will end? Will it be worth attending your own funeral? }

    26-07-2018 om 20:19 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Why this blind, catlike robot could transform search and rescue

    Why this blind, catlike robot could transform search and rescue

    No vision, no problem.
    by Sarah Cahlan 
    Cheetah 3
    MIT's Cheetah 3 robot can climb stairs and step over obstacles without the help of cameras or visual sensors.
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Scientists at MIT have created a four-legged robot that can climb debris-ridden stairs and leap almost three feet into the air, but the ominous-looking catlike bot — dubbed "Cheetah 3" — is intended not to hasten the robot apocalypse but to help bring about a new generation of first-responder robots.

    As seen in a video released by the university, the 90-pound, retriever-sized robot navigates with touch sensors rather than cameras — a bit like the way humans feel their way when it's too dark to see.

    “Cheetah 3 is designed to do versatile tasks such as power plant inspection, which involves various terrain conditions including stairs, curbs and obstacles on the ground,” Sangbae Kim, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at MIT and one of the robot's developers, said in a statement.

    Kim plans to give Cheetah sight, but for early tests he wanted to keep the robot in the dark. "In order to be as agile as animals, including humans, we need to have a great blind controller first before relying on vision," he told NBC News MACH in an email.

    Robin Murphy, a professor of computer science and engineering at Texas A&M University, sees big potential for search-and-rescue robots that maneuver with touch technology. Such bots could navigate in areas shrouded in darkness or obscured by airborne dust, said Murphy, who is not involved in the Cheetah project.

    “It would be so great when that technology that they're showing matures and could be added to the robots that are the size of a shoebox,” she said of the MIT researchers' work. Small bots, of course, are able to get inside nooks and crannies too confined for humans — and relay information that human rescuers can then use to extricate victims of building collapses, for example.

    “If you just start excavating, you could possibly trigger a secondary collapse that would kill the survivor or another survivor that you haven't found yet,” she said.

    Search-and-rescue robots aren't new, but Cheetah 3 is one of many new bots now in development. Last fall, Honda unveiled a five-foot-tall robotthat can rotate its torso 180 degrees in order to climb steep stairs. Last February, the Italian Institute of Technology released a video showing its WALK-MAN humanoid bot wielding a fire extinguisher.

    Next year, Kim and his team plan to equip Cheetah 3 with robotic arms that can be controlled by a human operator. They aim to have a commercial version of their bot ready in five years.

    • David Freeman contributed additional reporting.


    20-07-2018 om 00:11 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.These tiny robots can kill cancer cells

    These tiny robots can kill cancer cells

    A tray containing cancer cells sits on an optical microscope in the Nanomedicine Lab at UCL's School of Pharmacy in London May 2, 2013. Is nanomedicine the next big thing? A growing number of top drug companies seem to think so. The ability to encapsulate potent drugs in nanoparticles measuring billionths of a metre in diameter is opening up new options for super-accurate drug delivery, increasing precision hits at the site of disease with, hopefully, fewer side effects.  Photograph taken on May 2, 2013.  REUTERS/Suzanne Plunkett (BRITAIN - Tags: BUSINESS HEALTH SOCIETY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY) - LM1E9530RDY01

    Scientists have used tiny molecules to drill into deadly cancer cells, blasting them open
    Image: REUTERS/Suzanne Plunkett

    Callum Brodie Formative Content

    Cancer survival rates could be greatly improved if scientists are successful in developing microscopic medical weapons that obliterate cancerous cells.

    Nanomachines may be tiny – 50,000 of them would fit across the diameter of a human hair – but they have the potential to pack a mighty punch in the fight against cancer.

    A graphic showing the tiny nanomachine 


    Researchers at Durham University in the UK have used nanobots to drill into cancer cells, killing them in just 60 seconds.

    They are now experimenting on micro-organisms and small fish, before moving on to rodents. Clinical trials in humans are expected to follow and it is hoped that the results may have the potential to save millions of lives.

    The number of cancer cases is predicted to rise by 2035
    Image: World Health Organization (WHO) GloboCan, BBC

    The mechanics of nanobots

    These minute molecules have components that enable them to identify and attach themselves to a cancer cell.

    When activated by light, the nanobots’ rota-like chain of atoms begin to spin at an incredible rate – around two to three million times per second. This causes the nanobot to drill into the cancer cell, blasting it open.

    The study is still in its early stages, but researchers are optimistic it has the potential to lead to new types of cancer treatment.

    Dr Robert Pal, of Durham University, said: “Once developed, this approach could provide a potential step change in noninvasive cancer treatment and greatly improve survival rates and patient welfare globally.”

    The spinning nanobots burrow into cancer cells to destroy them
    Image: Tour Group/Rice University

    Nanobots in our veins

    The destructive properties of the nanobots make them perfect for killing cancer cells. But the technology can also be used to repair damaged or diseased tissues at a molecular level.

    In the future, these nanomachines could essentially patrol the circulatory system of the human body. They could be used to detect specific chemicals or toxins and give early warnings of organ failure or tissue rejection.

    Another potential function may involve taking biometric measurements to monitor a person’s general health.

    A computer-generated image of a nanobot
    Image: Tour Group/Rice University

    Searching for oil

    The medicinal advantages of nanobots are clear to see, but industry might also benefit from the technology.

    Oil and gas is one example. The idea is that nanobots could be injected into geologic formations thousands of feet into the earth. Changes to the chemical make-up of the machines would point to the location of reservoirs.

    Meanwhile, it’s also been suggested that nanotechnology could become a valuable tool in cleaning up oil spills.

    There is a long way to go before this tiny technology enters the mainstream, but it has the potential to make a massive impact on the world.

    Nanobots to Kill Cancer 

    18-07-2018 om 23:48 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.A startup has released test footage of a flying vehicle that can be 'driven' by anyone and is 'affordable'

    A startup has released test footage of a flying vehicle that can be 'driven' by anyone and is 'affordable'

    Flying cars closer to reality as test footage reveal vehicle which ANYONE can drive

    A startup has released test footage of a flying vehicle that can be 'driven' by anyone and is 'affordable'. }

    16-07-2018 om 22:42 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The Digest: Tech CEO Pitches Boeing a Flying Train Concept

     Akka Technologies

    The Digest: Tech CEO Pitches Boeing a Flying Train Concept

    THE PLAN. 

    Watching a plane’s wings detach isn’t something you want to see in today’s air travel. But that just might be where airplanes are headed, according to one tech CEO.

    French entrepreneur Maurice Ricci is the CEO of Akka Technologies, and he has a pretty unique vision for the future of airplanes. And it happens to have a lot in common with the future of trains.

    He thinks combining the two modes of transportation — creating a plane that can travel on the ground via tracks / a train that can fly through the air — will improve the passenger experience. According to an interview with Bloomberg, he even got a chance to pitch his flying train concept to Boeing, one of the biggest names in air travel.


    Akka calls the plane/train hybrid Link & Fly. Late last year, it released a digitally rendered video of the concept in action. With its wings attached, the craft doesn’t look all that different from the planes soaring in and out of today’s airports. The primary difference is that the wings connect to one another over the plane’s cylindrical body, rather than connecting to each side of the plane separately.

    Once on the ground, the body of the flying train separates from those wings and the cockpit, dropping onto a platform positioned on tracks. It’s then free to ride the rails. According to the Bloomberg report, passengers would board and disembark the craft at train stations, so they wouldn’t have to find alternate ways to travel to and from airports.


    Akka might not be a household name, but the company is growing — just this year, its stock increased by 23 percent. It’s also been dabbling in forward-thinking transportation tech for more than a decade now. It had a concept for an autonomous car back in 2008 — a time when the idea was just starting to really seem viable.

    In March, it announced a partnership with Microsoft and ICONIQ MOTORS to design an car capable of Level 5 autonomy by 2020. A few months later, it acquired PDS Tech, a staffing agency that connects big-names in the aerospace industry with engineering and R&D talent. One of those big-names? Boeing.

    You probably won’t be able to hop aboard one of Akka’s futuristic planes any time soon, though. According to the Bloomberg piece, the company “[isn’t] banking on convincing a plane maker to necessarily build the entire ‘Link & Fly’ concept,” though Ricci does believe bits and pieces of the design might find their way into commercial aircraft in the future.

    So the purpose behind this flying train video and pitch, then, is probably to draw attention to the company. And in that, they appear to have been successful.

    READ MORE: Flying Trains Could Be Coming Your Way [Bloomberg]

    More on futuristic planes: “Walk” Through the Planes of the Future From the Comfort of Your Home

    13-07-2018 om 00:14 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Chinese Laser Gun Burns Human Flesh From Long Distance

    Chinese Laser Gun Burns Human Flesh From Long Distance


    Laser Gun

    Image by Paul Begley on Youtube

    It is a staple of space and spy movies: the handheld laser gun that can target from a long distance. This devastating science fiction weapon was just a fantasy — until now.

    The Chinese military has built a terrifying high-tech weapon that is capable of setting fire to targets and clothing from 800 meters (about a half-mile) away. Dubbed the ZKZM-500, it fires a destructive laser beam that can cause “pain beyond endurance.”

    The ZKZM-500 weighs about 3 kilograms (6.6 lbs.) with a caliber of 15 millimeters and is powered by rechargeable lithium batteries that can handle over 1,000 laser bursts that last around two seconds each.

    It is completely silent and the beam it produces is invisible. When the gun is fired on a target, there is no way for the target to know where the attack is coming from.

    The rifle can burn through a person’s clothes and skin. If the unfortunate target happens to be wearing flammable clothing, they could go up in flames. As this technology is very sensitive and could possibly be misused, it will be restricted to China’s military and police only.

    ZKZM-500 is reportedly ready for mass production for China’s military. The production costs are set to be 100,000 yuan (US$15,000/ £11,000) per piece.

    Despite the remarkable claims made about this weapon, there may be cause to doubt that it is everything it is reported to be.

    Non-Lethal Use

    The UN Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons, signs by over 100 nations, prohibits the use of weapons that can cause permanent blindness. Because of this, the ZKZM-500 is a “non-lethal” weapon. The laser can’t kill a person with a single shot, but if he or she is hit with it enough times, it would start to burn a hole in their body.

    “The weapon is designed to do things such as setting fire to illegal banners at a protest or setting fire to the hair or clothing of a protester,” said the general manager of ZKZM Laser, the tech company that built the prototype. “It is not designed explicitly for killing like a gun that uses bullets and cannot cause the ‘instant carbonisation’ of human skin and tissues.”

    Another researcher said the weapon would “burn through clothes in a split second … If the fabric is flammable, the whole person will be set on fire.”

    A Chinese government document cited by the Post says protest leaders would lose “the rhythms of their speech and powers of persuasion” as a result of getting hit with the ZKZM-500.

    In addition to non-lethal protest applications, the ZKZM-500 is also suited for covert military operations and hostage situations, the Post claims.

    The ZKZM-500 is allegedly ready to be mass produced. The first unit to receive them will be anti-terror squads in the People’s Armed Police in China.


    While this all sounds intriguing, some are skeptical of the story.

    “There’s just no way that a laser powered by a lithium-ion battery that a person could carry would be capable of producing the kind of heat described at point blank range, let alone at 800 meters,” TechCrunch‘s Devin Coldewey said. “That’s because of attenuation. Lasers, unlike bullets, scatter as they progress, making them weaker and weaker. Attenuation is non-trivial at anything beyond, say, a few dozen meters. By the time you get out to 800, the air and water the beam has traveled through enough to reduce it a fraction of its original power.”

    “I’m not saying there will never be laser weapons. But I do feel confident in saying that this prototype, ostensibly ready for mass production and deployment among China’s anti-terrorist forces, is bunk,” Coldewey added. “As much as I enjoy the idea of laser rifles, the idea of one that weighs a handful of pounds and fires hundreds of instantly skin-searing shots is just plain infeasible today.”

    In response to the skepticism, the South China Morning Post put up a video from ZKZM Laser allegedly showing the ZKZM-500 hitting targets on a rooftop. Check it out above.


    11-07-2018 om 23:14 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Vlaamse onderzoekers printen sla: een primeur!

    09-07-2018 om 01:25 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Synthetic Diamonds Lead Princeton Team to Quantum Computing Breakthrough

    cubic zirconia

    Storing quantum bits of information, or qubits, is a lot harder than storing ordinary binary digits. It’s not simply ones or zeroes, but the whole range of subtle quantum superpositions between them. Electrons can easily slide out of those states if they’re not stored in the right materials, which is why electrical engineers at Princeton are working with a UK manufacturer to create a better storage material — synthetic diamonds — from scratch. They published an account of their success on Thursday in Science.

    For decades, physicists, materials engineers, and others have been trying to achieve the conceptual promise of quantum-encrypted communications because the data transferred in that process is theoretically immune to covert surveillance. Any attempt to observe that data between parties — à la the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle — would fundamentally alter that information, quickly revealing that it was compromised. The problem has been storing and preserving qubits and then converting them to fiber optic-ready photons, and using diamonds appears to be the route toward achieving both. But not just any diamond will do, which is why Princeton’s team has been hard at work creating a synthetic one, as they describe in their paper.

    “The properties that we’re targeting are what’s relevant for quantum networks,” electrical engineer Nathalie de Leon tells Inverse. At Princeton, where de Leon is an assistant professor, her team’s focus is essentially inventing quantum hardware. “It’s applications where you want something that has a long storage time, and then also has a good interface with photons so that you can send light over very long distances.”

    Quantum information storage in the diamonds

    One of the Element Six diamonds that Princeton University researchers are using for quantum information storage. 

    Photonic interactions matter a lot for high-speed international communications because all of the information traveling along fiber optic cables moves through our global infrastructure as discrete photons — cruising at 69 percent of the speed of light. (Nice.)

    “That puts a lot of constraints on the optical characteristics,” de Leon says. “As one example, it’s really important that the color be stable. If the color of the photon is jumping around over time, then that’s really bad for these protocols.”

    Right now, de Leon’s group is trying to craft a version of these synthetic diamonds that can convert to the standard 1,550-nanometer wavelength on which photons now traverse fiber optic cables. Currently, her team’s synthetic diamonds support 946-nanometer photon wavelengths. (Photon “color” is a bit of a euphemism here since both of these wavelengths are shades of infrared outside the visible spectrum.)

    The hurdle that her team just succeeded in crossing is storing those qubits in crystalline quantum repeaters, similar to the repeaters that are currently used to prevent signal loss and degradation in today’s fiber-optic communications. The critical step in this process was producing synthetic diamonds with as little unwanted impurities as possible (nitrogen, mainly) and more of the impurities they actually did want (silicon and boron).

    “Nitrogen turns out to be the predominant defect that you get in these diamonds,” de Leon says. Her group’s partners at the British diamond maker Element Six had to create above-average vacuum conditions since even ordinary vacuums can leave enough nitrogen in the chamber to contaminate the artificially-made crystals. Because nitrogen has one more free electron than carbon, nitrogen impurities disturb the unique electrical makeup that the researchers are hoping for.


    Synthetic diamonds, if formulated correctly, could safely store and preserve qubits.

    Other small defects can undermine the qubit-storing potential of these diamonds, too. The goal is to have pairs of atom-sized vacancies in the crystal framework alongside a substituted silicon atom where a single carbon used to be, but sometimes those pairs can bunch up together in “vacancy clusters” that start to redistribute their electrons in annoying, counterproductive ways. Sometimes polishing and etching damage on the surface of the diamond can also cause a domino effect, messing with this pattern of electrons, too. This is where adding boron — which has one less free electron than carbon — can help.

    “What we had to do,” de Leon says, “is both start with this ultra-high purity diamond and then grow in some boron to basically soak up any of the extra electrons that we couldn’t control. Then there was a lot of materials processing — boring stuff like thermal annealing and repairing the surface at the end to make sure that we still get rid of a lot of these other types of defects that give you extra charges.”

    Mastering both of these challenges, many in the field suspect, are the keys to fully functional and nearly impossible to crack quantum encryption.

    photonic crystal fibres, quantum information applications, Adelaide

    Other researchers have been working with "photonic crystal fibres" for quantum information applications, like Professor Andre Luiten at the University of Adelaide whose device is pictured above.

    Before the dawn of synthetic diamonds only a few years ago, researchers in the field of quantum optics had to rely on natural diamonds to do their work — one specific diamond, in particular.

    According to de Leon, everyone in the field of quantum optics had to rely on a single, naturally-made diamond from Russia that just happened to have the right percentage of boron, nitrogen, and other impurities to make their research possible. Fragments of the diamond were cleaved off and distributed to research groups across the world.

    “Many of the groups had their own little piece of the ‘magic’ Russian diamond,” as de Leon told Princeton’s in-house news service in 2016. “At Harvard, we called ours ‘Magic Alice’ and ‘Magic Bob.’”

    So, TL;DR, Western scientists are getting better at manufacturing their own magical quantum computing diamonds instead of depending on slivers of Russia’s magical quantum computing diamond. This is a factual sentence that sounds ridiculous. Classic 2018. }

    06-07-2018 om 23:44 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.MIT's Cheetah 3 Is Blind But Could Still Easily Cross an Apocalyptic Hellscape

    The Massachusetts Institute of Technology could one day create a pack of blind robotic cheetahs capable of searching for survivors amongst the wreckage left behind by an earthquake or tornado.

    The sightless Cheetah 3 is 90 pounds of sheer resilience being able to traverse jagged terrain, even when it’s being pushed around or pulled back. Instead of relying on cameras or sensors, it uses what MIT roboticists call “blind locomotion” to climb stairs, jump vertically, and gallop at speeds up to 6.7 miles per hour.

    “If humans close our eyes and make a step, we have a mental model for where the ground might be, and can prepare for it. But we also rely on the feel of touch of the ground,” the robot’s designer Sangbae Kim said in a statement. “[Cheetah 3 is] sort of doing the same thing by combining multiple [sources of] information to determine the transition time.”

    cheetah 3 robot

    But that doesn’t mean Cheetah 3 will be blind forever. Kim, who is also an MIT associate professor of mechanical engineering, doesn’t want his creation to rely too much on its vision. Instead, he explained that initially training his creation without eyes will ensure it becomes an expert at dealing with rough topography and recovering from stumbling.

    “We want a very good controller without vision first,” he said in a press release. “And when we do add vision, even if it might give you the wrong information, the leg should be able to handle (obstacles). Because what if it steps on something that a camera can’t see? What will it do? That’s where blind locomotion can help. We don’t want to trust our vision too much.”

    mit cheetah 3 robot

    The plan is to send Cheetah 3 to places that are outright dangerous for humans to explore. At the moment it is only carrying out safe tasks, like power plant inspection. But if it keeps improving its hiking skills it might have what it takes to help first-responders during natural disasters.

    Better watch out Boston Dynamics, there’s another robotic feline in these streets.

    Photos via MIT (12) }

    06-07-2018 om 23:33 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.MIT Creates Telepathic Robot Servant Controlled by Passive Aggression

    Supervising Robots with Brain and Muscle Signals

    MIT Creates Telepathic Robot Servant Controlled by Passive Aggression

    While many have argued that the biggest problem facing humanity is our growing inability to communicate, MIT seems to think that our first interactions with household robots should be predicated on passive aggression and silent judgement. Robotics scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have created a “robot servant” named Baxter that can read its owners brain waves and tell when they’re displeased with the job its doing and correct its behavior accordingly. Conveniently, you don’t even need to talk to this poor machine, as it can be controlled by simple hand gestures.

    Baxter can sense your simmering rage through electrodes placed on the scalp, and can sense very subtle gestures through more electrodes on your forearm. MIT says that they want to remove the machine constraints on human-robot interfacing and that their goal is to “to develop robotic systems that are a more natural and intuitive extension of us.”


    “Why do you resent me?”

    In the latest demonstration, MIT demonstrated Baxter’s ability to use a drill on three possible targets. The operator sits behind the robot wearing the electrode skull-cap and arm band. Baxter, outfitted with what looks like an iPad displaying a smiley face for extra creep factor, autonomously goes to stick the drill into one of the targets. Sensing the operator’s displeasure, Baxter asks for assistance. With a quick flick of the wrist, the operator shows Baxter how to do a better job. One question remains though: what happens when Baxter turns on the operator and puts that drill right through their impossibly high demands?

    MIT clearly doesn’t think this is a problem, as one of the main points of this demonstration was to show that Baxter can be used by anyone immediately. There’s no need to train Baxter to read a person’s specific brainwaves, so once the technology is commercially viable, Baxter can be bossed around on a whim simply by putting on the cap and arm band.

    EEG cap

    There are some trade-offs for your power fantasies though: you’ll have to wear this.

    There is a good hopeful use for this robot. Because Baxter is so easily controlled, MIT says that the robot will be useful for assisting the elderly, those with physical disabilities, or even people struggling behind a language barrier. That’s definitely the right use for robots. Anything that allows people robbed of agency by circumstance get control over their lives back is objectively a good thing, and if that’s the path we’re going down then bravo, MIT.

    But don’t think we’re ending this on a high note. Here’s what PhD candidate Joseph DelPreto and lead author of the latest paper on Baxter says about the technology:

    “By looking at both muscle and brain signals, we can start to pick up on a person’s natural gestures along with their snap decisions about whether something is going wrong.

    This helps make communicating with a robot more like communicating with another person.”

    Yes, just like communicating with a human: unexpressed resentment and patronizing hand gestures. What better way to usher in the horrifying future we’re eagerly wading into than to make the first “robot servant”—insert your own synonym for “robot servant” there—feed into our secret narcissistic want to have things change based on our split-second emotional reactions without that irksome and apparently passé step of verbalizing how we feel in a half-way cogent manner. }

    27-06-2018 om 20:51 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Researchers Develop Robotic Hydrogel That Can

    Robot helpers from The Jetsons to Star Wars have always been shiny and metallic, but robots in the real world may be altogether more fleshy.

    Researchers at the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology have created a new synthetic skin that could be a future of fleshy robots that can touch and feel, as well as opening the door to some pretty high tech bandages in the meanwhile.

    Humanoid robot unveiled at internet conference in Beijing

    Engineers created the Silly Putty-like substance by fusing together water-containing hydrogel and an incredibly thin metal compound, known as MXenes. This ultra-stretchy material has shown the potential to be used as a touch-sensitive coating for robots, wearable electronics, and even bandages that help heal wounds faster.

    “The material’s differing sensitivity to stretching and compression is a breakthrough discovery that adds a new dimension to the sensing capability of hydrogels,” first author, Yizhou Zhang, said in a statement.

    One of the major breakthroughs with this one-of-a-kind material is its ability to sense changes on the surfaces it is applied to and translate those changes into electronic signals.

    robot skin super stretchy

    Signals from the electrically conductive hydrogel can clearly distinguish between different facial expressions.

    The team tested the material by attaching a strip of it to a user’s forehead. They had the subject smile and frown and found that the strip could identify these distinct facial expressions. Then, they stuck another slice of robo Play-Doh to the neck of another subject and found that it was also able to convert into electronic signals.

    Both of these successful proof-of-concept experiments have shown that this material may some day be able to tap into the body’s subtle signals and transform them into something that other observers we can understand, a potential game-changer for those suffering from paralysis or speech-impediments.

    Just like you can mold pretty much anything you want with some Silly Putty, researchers say the potential uses for this high tech artificial material seem almost endless: creating robotic exoskeletons, more tactile A.I. applications, and even a material capable of patching up a life-threatening wound are all possibilities.


    This Robot May Be the Surgeon of the Future

    Next Generation Robots - Boston Dynamics, Asimo, Da Vinci, SoFi

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    5 Amazing Social Robots that can become part of your Family. | QPT

    • Photos via 2018 KAUST, Giphy } 

    19-06-2018 om 23:17 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The World’s First Floating Nation To Launch In Pacific Ocean In 2022, With Own Government And Cryptocurrency

    The World’s First Floating Nation To Launch In Pacific Ocean In 2022, With Own Government And Cryptocurrency

    The Floating City will become the first floating nation on Earth–a Libertarian utopia free of regulation and taxes. It will feature offshore housing, use its own cryptocurrency, and operate ‘outside of government regulations’.

    The plan to create the first floating city started off a decade ago when Peter Thiel, an American entrepreneur, venture capitalist, philanthropist, political activist, and author co-founded a nonprofit called Seasteading Institute.

    In a 2009 essay, Mr. Thiel wrote, “Between cyberspace and outer space lies the possibility of settling the oceans.”

    Since then, the project has taken a long leap, and as things stand now, the institute is set to embark on a pilot project with the Government of French Polynesia.

    Image Credit: Seasteading Institute

    The world’s first independent floating nation will soon launch in the Pacific Ocean and will operate outside of government regulations, using its own cryptocurrency called ‘Vyron’.

    The floating city, a sea-bound city-state featuring around 300 intricately designed homes, a number of hotels, restaurants, offices and other buildings is being built in the Pacific Ocean near the island of Tahiti.

    The floating city-state was a project never attempted before.

    Its founders imagined the floating city as a Libertarian utopiafree of regulation and taxes.

    But the plan developed beyond that.

    Image Credit: Blue Frontiers

    Speaking to Business Insider, Joe Quirk, president of the Institute said how he and his team now see the floating city a way mankind can coup with rising sea levels, which are sadly expected to increase by more than six feet by the end of the century.

    Nathalie Mezza-Garcia, a political scientist and researchers from the Floating Island Project say how the islands residents will be free of ‘fluctuating geopolitical influences and trade issues’ and claimed the independent sea nation could one-day house refugees displaced by climate change.

    “There is significance to this project being trialed in the Polynesian Islands. This is the region where land is resting on coral and will disappear with rising sea levels. Once we can see how this first island works, we will have a proof of concept to plan for islands to house climate refugees,” said Mr. Mezza Garcia in an interview with CNBC.

    Image Credit: Blue Frontiers

    The independent floating city is expected to cost around $50 million, and will float in international waters, while operating within its own laws, and will ‘liberate humanity from politicians’, according to the Seasteading Institute.

    The floating city is a massive project in today’s radicalized society.

    The floating island’s non-residential buildings are designed to operate as business centers, which will offer a number of companies to work ‘outside government regulations’.

    “This means there is stability, outside of fluctuating geopolitical influences, trade issues, and currency fluctuations – it’s the perfect incubator,” Ms. Mezza Garcia explained.

    “If you don’t want to live under a particular government, ‘people will be able to just take their house and float away to another island,” added Ms. Mezza Garcia.

    The Journey to make the floating city-state happen was a long one. The Seasteading Institute, co-founded by Mr. Thiel has worked for the last five years designing and testing ‘permanent, innovative communities floating at sea’.

    Their journey has seen them team up with Blue frontiers– a startup that specializes in building floating islands.

    Image Credit: Blue Frontiers

    The design of the floating city took inspiration from the Polynesian culture, in particular from their traditional navigation, based on observation and vast knowledge of natural elements.

    The designers of the floating city-state reflected mountains and hills, the shape of ocean reefs and numerous different underwater landmarks, as well as the rising and setting of the moon, the sun and stars in the design.

    Interestingly, the small platforms featuring the villas are set to be aligned with the path of the stars of Sirius according to the plans.

    As explained by the Daily Mail, “Larger platforms with mixed-use buildings aligned to the celestial pillar Pou, starting from the main platform, the ‘star headlight’ or Ta’urua, and ending by the guide star Avei’a, passing through the zenith of the floating island.”

    Image Credit: Seasteading Institute.

    “During several visits to French Polynesia and after getting acquainted with the environment and the local contexts, one thing was sure, the project has to blend into its environment. To achieve this, local environmental characteristics, climate, ecology and cultural context have all been studied and play a major role in the process.”

    “The project, however, doesn’t only want to not hurt the existing environment, the vision of the Blue Frontiers [is to] facilitate the development of more conscious and balanced settlements at sea where humans can peacefully coexist with the environment and with each other,” explains a written statement by the Seasteading Institute.

    Source: }

    07-06-2018 om 00:17 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.First habitable 3D-printed houses will soon take shape in the Netherlands

    In the Netherlands, 3D printing is entering a new stage: by the end of the year, construction will start on a new type of house — a 3D-printed house.

    Credits: 3DPrintedHouse.

    The Dutch city of Eindhoven is promoting the innovation and has already received applications from 20 interested families just a week after images were made available. The construction, known as Project Milestone, will be realized in the Eindhoven city expansion area Meerhoven, and will feature five houses, the first of which might be laid down by the end of the year.

    The Dutch construction company Van Wijnen worked with researchers from the University of Eindhoven to lay the foundation of the project. The 3D printer in this case is essentially a huge robotic arm with a nozzle that squirts out a specially formulated cement, said to have the texture of whipped cream. The cement is “printed” according to an architect’s design, adding layer upon layer to create a wall, as in all 3D prints. This will ensure that the structure has the necessary strength while not using more materials than necessary.

    “We have no need for the moulds used to create houses made with cement today, and so we will never use more cement than is necessary,” said Rudy van Gurp, a manager at Van Wijnen, to The Guardian.

    Credits: 3DPrintedHouse.

    The design aims at having a smart, efficient, and sustainable construction process. The innovative construction method has several advantages. For starters, it reduces the need for skilled construction workers, which have become a somewhat scarce commodity in the Netherlands. The design techniques are also very flexible — you don’t need to limit construction to the standard shapes, you can opt for any design imaginable. As mentioned above, the process also reduces the total required material, which reduces overall emissions. The 3D-printed cement also enables architects to design very fine concrete structures, blending all kinds, qualities and colors of concrete, all in a single product.

    Van Gurp says it will soon be cheaper than conventional building:

    I think by then about 5% of homes will be made using a 3D printer. In the Netherlands, we have a shortage of bricklayers and people who work outside and so it offers a solution to that,” van Gurp says. “It will eventually be cheaper than the traditional methods. Bricklaying is becoming more and more expensive. Alongside, bricks and the use of timber, this will be a third way, which will look like stucco [plastered] houses, which people like.”

    Laying the cement. Credits: 3D Printed House.

    Credits: 3D Printed House.

    The houses will be built consecutively so that all the lessons from a previous house can be applied to the next one. By the time the last house (which comprises three floors and three bedrooms) is completed, the printer will have also developed the drainage pipes and other necessary installations — at least that’s the plan.

    So, would you move into a 3D-printed house? }

    06-06-2018 om 22:31 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Een oog op de weg

    Een oog op de weg

    Figure 1 Principle of range measurement using laser

    Afstanden meten met lasers, nieuw is het niet. Toch is er vandaag veel te doen rond een geavanceerde vorm van de lasermeettechnologie.

    Een van de heetste technologieën van het moment is één waarvan je wellicht nog nooit gehoord hebt. En toch heb je het binnenkort mogelijk zelfs in huis staan – of liever: in de garage. LIDAR of LIght Detection And Ranging of Laser Imaging Detection And Ranging blijkt een cruciale bouwsteen te zijn voor autonoom rijdende auto’s. Dit verklaart ook de plotse toename in start-ups die rond LIDAR werken en de grote overnames die rond de technologie plaatsvinden. LIDAR is ook de achterliggende reden waarom Uber in een bits juridisch gevecht verwikkeld raakte rond een ingenieur die het wegplukte bij zijn Amerikaanse rivaal Waymo.

    Radar met licht

    LIDAR is een paraplu waaronder verschillende technologieën schuilen om snel en accuraat afstanden te meten. Je zou kunnen stellen dat het een verre verwante is van de lasermeters die doe-het-zelvers gebruiken in plaats van rolmeters, maar dan wel heel wat geavanceerder. Lijkt de naam wat op ‘radar’? Dat is geen toeval, want LIDAR lijkt er wat op. In plaats van radiogolven worden laserpulsen uitgestuurd. De tijd die nodig is om een weerkaatsing te ontvangen, geeft aan hoe ver een object zich bevindt.

    Een fotodetector in een LIDAR-eenheid kijkt echter niet enkel naar directe reflecties, maar observeert hoe het licht dat terugkeert verstrooit. Het ziet hiermee hoe een laserstraal ‘breekt’ op een object. Door te werken met miljoenen laserpulsen en verschillende frequenties wordt zo een 3D-beeld van een object gevormd. Met meerdere lasers en door deze te plaatsen achter een bewegelijke spiegel wordt het mogelijk om heel de omgeving te scannen.

    LIDAR-technologieën bestaan al decennia. De NASA paste het zelfs toe voor één van de Apollo-maanmissies. Sinds de jaren zeventig wordt breed ingezet, bijvoorbeeld om zeer nauwkeurige kaartdata vanuit vliegtuigen of satellieten te creëren. Er zijn systemen die vanaf extreme hoogte toch in staat zijn om objecten van enkele tientallen centimeters groot te detecteren.

    Hoe werken zelfrijdende auto's actueel eigenlijk? ( Tesla, Volvo, Google )

    Nodig voor level 3 en hoger

    Het is die extreme nauwkeurigheid dat LIDAR zo aantrekkelijk maakt voor autobouwers. Op korte afstand is de technologie veel preciezer, waardoor niet enkel een menselijke lichaam kan gedetecteerd worden maar ook delen er van, zoals armen en benen. Als je denkt aan scenario’s zoals een autonoom rijdende wagen die een fietser moet voorbijsteken, dan is dat wel belangrijk. Maar er is nog veel werk aan de winkel, want het moet nog sneller, nauwkeuriger en goedkoper kunnen. Daarom dat er nog veel ruimte is voor nieuwe start-ups, naast oudere LIDAR-bedrijven, zoals Velodyne. Die laatste begon al tien jaar geleden met LIDAR in kader van een robotautorace die de Amerikaanse defensie organiseerde.

    Velodyne was tot voor kort de enige die een LIDAR-systeem kon produceren die goed genoeg was voor gebruik op de openbare weg, maar er zijn nu uitdagers zoals Luminar (verbonden met Toyota en uitvinder van een systeem die in één blik 120° graden bestrijkt) en Innoviz (die samenwerkt met BWM en LIDAR maakt zonder bewegende delen). De uitdaging blijft LIDAR voldoende betrouwbaar te maken voor zelfrijdende wagens van level 3 (conditionele automatisatie met chauffeur die kan ingrijpen) tot level 5 (volledig autonoom).

    Recente ongelukken met (semi)-autonome wagens verhoogt de kans dat overheden hier nog strenger op zullen toekijken. LIDAR kan daarbij ook de oplossing zijn. Tesla is één van de weinigen die LIDAR links laat liggen en camera’s in combinatie met slimme software toepast voor afstandsmeting van objecten rondom de auto. Het bedrijf van Musk heeft echter af te rekenen met enkele incidenten waarbij een Model S verongelukte in autonome modus, wat Tesla onder druk zet om toch ook LIDAR te implementeren.

    Welke zijn de Top 5 gebruiken van LIDAR? Waarom is LIDAR zo belangrijk? }

    01-06-2018 om 21:01 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The Cyborgs Are Here: Researchers Put Living Cells In A Robotic Finger

    Image result for The Cyborgs Are Here: Researchers Put Living Cells In A Robotic Finger

    The Cyborgs Are Here: Researchers Put Living Cells In A Robotic Finger

    by Kristin Houser

    The line between humans and machines is blurring.

    Researchers from the University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science have now created a biohybrid robot — a robotic device that incorporates living tissue — that remained functional for more than a week. They published their study Wednesday in the journal Science Robotics.

    Video Credit: 2018 Shoji Takeuchi, Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo

    The first step to create a biohybrid robot: to construct the robot skeleton. The researchers  created theirs using 3D-printed resin. They gave it a joint and added anchors where they could attach living tissue. Electrodes they could use to stimulate the living muscle, causing it to contract, were the final touch.

    Building the living muscle was the next step. For that, the team used myoblasts, a type of stem cell that eventually matures into different types of muscle cells. They incorporated these cells into hydrogel sheets, poked holes in the sheets to attach them to the skeleton’s anchors, and added some striped structures that would encourage the muscle fibers to grow between the anchors.

    biohybrid robot

    Image Credit: Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo

    “Once we had built the muscles, we successfully used them as antagonistic pairs in the robot, with one contracting and the other expanding, just like in the body,” study corresponding author Shoji Takeuchi said in a news release. “The fact that they were exerting opposing forces on each other stopped them shrinking and deteriorating, like in previous studies.”

    The bot’s signature (and only) move is bending its “fingertip” up and down. It may be awfully reminiscent of the creepy REDRUM finger motion that kid makes in “The Shining,” but it’s enough for the bot to pick up a tiny ring and place it on a peg. Working in harmony, two of the robots can lift a small square tab.

    Admittedly, engineering a “biohybrid” finger doesn’t seem like the most efficient way to accomplish this task. But according to the researchers, robots like these could serve other, more practical uses in the future.

    biohybrid robot

    Image Credit: Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo

    First, we could create more complex robots, and then study those to glean new insights into how the human body works and how we might treat medical issues. “If we can combine more of these muscles into a single device, we should be able to reproduce the complex muscular interplay that allow hands, arms, and other parts of the body to function,” said lead author Yuya Morimoto in the press release.

    Second, we could start using these robots in the pharmaceutical industry. Researchers could test drugs or conduct other experiments on the muscles of biohybrid robots, which could eliminate the need for animal test subjects. This would be similar to the organ-on-a-chip technology, which is also in development.

    While the biohybrid robot finger might have limited uses for now, the future of medicine may end up in its (sort of) hands. }

    01-06-2018 om 17:08 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.AI is better at diagnosing skin cancer than even some of the best human experts

    AI is better at diagnosing skin cancer than even some of the best human experts


    Credit: Flickr, Many Wonderful Artists / Public Domain.

    Credit: Flickr, Many Wonderful Artists / Public Domain.

    An international team of researchers has shown for the first time that artificial intelligence is better at diagnosing melanoma than human doctors. This particular form of machine learning, known as a deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN), was able to make more correct diagnoses and fewer misdiagnoses than some of the world’s most capable skin care oncologists.

    Man vs machine

    The CNN starts off as a blank slate. In order to teach the artificial neural network how to identify skin cancer, the researchers fed it a dataset of over 100,000 images of malignant melanomas and benign moles. With each iteration, it learned patterns of features characteristic of malignant and benign tumors, becoming increasingly better at differentiating between the two.

    After this initial training round, the team of researchers led by Professor Holger Haenssle, senior managing physician at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, introduced the AI to two new sets of images sourced from the Heidelberg library. These dermoscopic images of various skin lesions were completely new to the CNN. One set of 300 images was meant to solely test the performance of the CNN. Another set of 100 images was comprised of some of the most difficult to diagnose lesions and was used to test both machine and real dermatologists.

    Researchers were able to recruit 58 doctors from 17 countries. Among them, 17 (29%) indicated they had less than two years’ experience in dermoscopy, 11 (19%) said they had two to five years of experience, and 30 (52%) were experts with more than five years’ experience.

    The volunteers were asked to make a decision about how to manage the condition — whether it was surgery, follow-up, or no action at all — based on two levels of information. At level I, the only information that the dermatologists had at their disposal was from dermoscopic images. Four weeks after making the level I assessment, each participant was asked to review their diagnosis at level II, where they were given far more information about the patient — including age, sex, and the location of the lesion, as well as magnified images of the same case.

    At level I, humans could accurately detect melanomas 86.6% of the time and correctly identified benign lesions with an average score of 71.3%. The CNN, however, was able to detect benign moles 95% of the time. At level II, the dermatologists significantly improved their performance, as expected, having diagnosed 88.9% of malignant melanomas and 75.7% that were benign.

    Even though the expert doctors were better at spotting melanoma than their less experienced counterparts, they were, on average, outperformed by the AI.

    Around 232,000 new cases of melanoma are diagnosed worldwide every year, which result in 55,500 deaths annually. The cancer can be cured, but it typically requires an early diagnosis. This is why this CNN is so impressive — it would be able to identify more cancers early on, thereby saving lives.

    These findings show that deep learning convolutional neural networks are capable of out-performing dermatologists, including extensively trained experts, in the task of detecting melanomas,” Haenssle said.

    Of course, all of this doesn’t mean that doctors will soon be scrapped. Far from it: the researchers say that the machine will augment the performance of doctors rather than replace them. Think of a second ‘expert’ opinion which doctors can instantly turn to.

    This CNN may serve physicians involved in skin cancer screening as an aid in their decision whether to biopsy a lesion or not. Most dermatologists already use digital dermoscopy systems to image and store lesions for documentation and follow-up. The CNN can then easily and rapidly evaluate the stored image for an ‘expert opinion’ on the probability of melanoma. We are currently planning prospective studies to assess the real-life impact of the CNN for physicians and patients,” according to Haenssle.

    Concerning the study’s limitations, it’s important to note that the study’s participants made diagnoses in an artificial setting. Their decision-making process might look different in a ‘life or death’ situation, which might impact performance. The CNN also had some limitations of its own, such as poor performance with images of melanomas on certain sites such as the fingers, toes, and scalp. For this reason, there is still no substitute for a thorough clinical examination performed by a trained human physician.

    That being said, these impressive results indicate that we’re about to experience a paradigm shift, not only in dermatology but in just about every medical field, thanks to developments in artificial intelligence.

    The findings appeared in the journal Annals of Oncology. }

    29-05-2018 om 20:56 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )


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