Wil je een videoclip bekijken en stoort het X-files-deuntje jou daarbij. Schakel het deuntje gewoon uit door in deze kolon, helemaal beneden op de 2 witte balkjes in het blauwe cirkeltje te klikken, tot een pijltje verschijnt. Veel kijk- en luisterplezier en bedankt voor jouw bezoek.
The purpose of this blog is the creation of an open, international, independent and free forum, where every UFO-researcher can publish the results of his/her research. The languagues, used for this blog, are Dutch, English and French.You can find the articles of a collegue by selecting his category. Each author stays resposable for the continue of his articles. As blogmaster I have the right to refuse an addition or an article, when it attacks other collegues or UFO-groupes.
Deze blog is opgedragen aan mijn overleden echtgenote Lucienne.
In 2012 verloor ze haar moedige strijd tegen kanker!
In 2011 startte ik deze blog, omdat ik niet mocht stoppen met mijn UFO-onderzoek.
UFO'S - MET HET LAATSTE NIEUWS OVER UFO'S BOVEN BELGIË EN IN ANDERE LANDEN...
UFO's in België en de rest van de wereld In België heb je vooral BUFON of het Belgisch UFO-Netwerk, dat zich met UFO's bezighoudt. BEZOEK DUS ZEKER VOOR ALLE OBJECTIEVE INFORMATIE ww.ufo.be.
Verder heb je ook het Belgisch-Ufo-meldpunt en Caelestia, die prachtig, doch ZEER kritisch werk leveren, ja soms zelfs héél sceptisch...
Voor Nederland kan je de mooie site www.ufowijzer.nl bezoeken van Paul Harmans. Een mooie site met veel informatie en artikels.
MUFON of het Mutual UFO Network Inc is een Amerikaanse UFO-vereniging met afdelingen in alle USA-staten en diverse landen.
MUFON's mission is the analytical and scientific investigation of the UFO- Phenomenon for the benefit of humanity...
Je kan ook hun site bekijken onder www.mufon.com.
Ze geven een maandelijks tijdschrift uit, namelijk The MUFON UFO-Journal.
Since 02/01/2013 is Pieter not only president (=voorzitter) of BUFON, but also National Director MUFON / Flanders and the Netherlands. We work together with the French MUFON Reseau MUFON/EUROP.
What is this mysterious object caught on video in the clouds above an RAF base? Bystander claims to have filmed 'UFO'
What is this mysterious object caught on video in the clouds above an RAF base? Bystander claims to have filmed 'UFO'
Lucas Budel, 19, said he spotted the mysterious aircraft near his home in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire
The area is home to the RAF base which used to investigate UFO sightings and which now houses Headquarters Air Command
Footage appears to show a white mass making unusual movements in the sky, leaving wispy trails behind it as it goes
There are workplace hazards in any laboratory, but the International Space Station offers more than a few unique challenges. Since 2000, the microgravity lab has hosted over 200 people in lower Earth orbit, creating one of the most important environments for scientific research. Yet, the human experience of being onboard the ISS is a study unto itself.
Astronauts who arrive on the ISS expect abnormalities in the body, from deteriorating muscle mass and bone density to elevated blood flow in the head and chest. ISS staff physically train on a daily basis to avoid and offset some of these health risks, but beyond body composition, life onboard the satellite means a lifestyle overhaul.
1. Beware Flattened Eyeballs
Not only do astronauts face deteriorating muscle mass, they tend to develop serious vision issues during their time on the ISS as well. While in orbit, fluid can push on astronauts’ eyeballs, flattening the eye shape and leading to extreme farsightedness. The ISS is stocked with adjustable eyeglasses of varying prescriptions for those whose eyesight devolves while in space.
2. Dust-Filled, Itchy Eyes Are Also a Thing
And if that’s not bad enough, the astronauts frequently have to deal with something in their rapidly flattening eyeballs. Because dust does not fall to the ground but floats around until eventually being filtered out, eye irritation is an ongoing problem for astronauts. Allergy symptoms and feeling “stuffy” is also common, not just from dust by from the shift of blood to the chest and head thanks to the lack of gravity.
Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti of the European Space Agency explains how they use the bathroom in space.
3. Pooping Is… a Challenge
NASA’s Peggy Whitson knows a thing or two about pooping on the ISS, seeing as she has spent more time in space — 665 days! — than any other American. Whereas peeing is a relatively straightforward process that uses a funnel and a fan to suction out the urine, pooping is complicated.
According to Whitson, bowel movements need to be directed into a “small target” of a hole on top of a silver can in the $19,000 Russian-made toilet. The poop is then suctioned out through a fan and sealed in a bag that fills up over time. Whitson shared that when the poop bag is filling up and garbage day is still far in the distance, astronauts have had to throw on a pair of rubber gloves and pack the poop down.
4. Pee Becomes Drinkable
While there’s no LaCroix in space, all sorts of unique beverage flavors are available. Whitson also shared with Business Insider that after the astronauts’ urine is suctioned away, it gets stored in a yellow cone on top of the toilet. From there, up to 85 percent of it is recycled into drinkable water, which usually takes about eight days to process. When NASA’s Scott Kelly spent a year in space, he drank roughly 730 liters of his own sweat and urine.
5. Astronauts Can Get Stuck.
This has to be some type of architectural oversight. Astronauts need to push off structures in order to move around the space station, but NASA astronaut Terry Virts once told Reader’s Digest that it’s possible to get stuck in place without any structure to help the astronaut mobilize. Virts shared a memory of scientists getting stuck in the Node 3 module before equipment was mounted to its sides. The room was wider than an arm span, meaning astronauts who found themselves in the middle would be stuck there for 5 to 10 minutes until air currents helped them reach a wall.
6. Sunrises Are Almost Nonstop
It might be difficult to get a little shut-eye when the ISS witnesses 16 sunrises per day. The space station travels about 17,100 miles per hour and can thus complete a full orbit of Earth every 90 minutes. There are 16 sunsets per 24-hour Earth day as well, creating stunning views all day, every day.
With nonstop sunrises and sunsets, it’s clear there are some perks to working in Earth’s lower orbit, as well. So long as astronauts avoid the center of large rooms and have an impeccable aim for the poop chute, it’s not all bad.
Photos via NASA, Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti of the European Space Agency explains how they use the bathroom in space., Eric Kilby / Flickr
If Elon Musk ever has its way, humans could settle Mars as early as 2024. The goal is to move our earthling butts to another planet and finally become an interplanetary species, one less vulnerable to extinction. In the process, however, we might actually be triggering the rapid evolution of a new species that is more adapted to the alien environment — in this case, Mars. That’s what a recent study seems to hint at, listing some of the risks people trying to conceive on Mars might face and discussing some of the ethical implications that arise from it.
Would you raise your kids on Mars?
In many respects, the fourth planet from the sun is pretty Earth-like. However, while it was once home to flowing rivers and oceans of water, today the Red Planet is barren and inhospitable to life, despite our biggest hopes that one day we might find life there or at least some evidence of past life.
Both NASA and the famous SpaceX CEO Elon Musk want to establish a permanent colony on Mars at some point. This means that settlers there will also have to have babies in order to expand the colony. However, with its freezing temperature, thin atmosphere, low gravity, and a slew of other perils, Mars isn’t exactly the nicest place to raise children. Actually, according to a new study published in the journal Futures, it will be quite the ordeal.
“Reproduction on Mars will be necessary for colony survival and subsequent expansion,” the team of researchers wrote the new paper. “Unfortunately, such an endeavor comes with titanic challenges.”
The average temperature on Mars is about -80 degrees Fahrenheit (-60 degrees Celsius), although it can vary from -195 F (-125 C) near the poles during winter to as much as 70 F (20 C) at midday near the equator. The carbon-dioxide-rich atmosphere of Mars is also roughly 100 times less dense than Earth’s on average, but it is nevertheless thick enough to support weather, clouds, and winds. A thin atmosphere means much more radiation from the sun reaches Mars’ surface than on Earth. This increases the risk of developing brain cell damage and various cancers. And concerning reproduction, it will also severely impact sperm count. Some of these radiation effects may be offset if the colony is located deep under the Martian surface — but it’s unclear at this point how safe humans would be in such conditions.
Mars also has a much weaker gravity than on Earth, about a third of we’re used to. This means that there’s far less pressure and stress on the human body, which sounds like good news. The problem is that this sudden change in gravity will impact human health, as previous studies on astronauts stationed to the ISS have shown. Altered vision and increased pressure inside the head are among the physiological changes both men and women experience following space flight. These symptoms have been lumped together by NASA under the ‘visual impairment intracranial pressure syndrome’, or VIIP syndrome for short. Scientists hypothesized that at least one of the causes for VIIP syndrome could be related to the redistribution of body fluid toward the head due to microgravity exposure.
Microgravity also seems to change the brain structure of astronauts. Although Mars has some gravity, it’s conceivable that it could have similar effects on colonists’ health — albeit to a less degree than on the ISS — since it’s much lower than Earth’s. What’s more, babies born on Mars would face huge problems adjusting to Earth, if they ever decide to travel there. For example, one NASA scientist, Al Globus, gives an example of someone who weighs 160 pounds. “If I went to a 3g planet, the equivalent of moving from Mars to Earth, I would weigh almost 500 pounds and would have great difficulty getting out of bed,” Globus told Live Science in 2011.
Some might interject that many of these issues can be solved with technology: We can build better shelters and, at the end of the day, Martian settlers will just have to alter their babies’ genome in order for them to adapt to alien conditions. But this would entail a set of ethical and social challenges the likes of which humans have never before experienced. It could mean that some people would simply not be allowed to have kids, for instance. Also, in a very resource-limited Martian society, very weak or ‘useless’ individuals might have to be discarded for the greater good of the colony.
“The idea to protect life at every stage of development may not be suited to a Mars colony,” the authors wrote. “An inhospitable environment and a small mission crew may result in the elevation of the value of group over the individual.”
“The method of CRISPR makes possible adaptive genetic engineering,” the authors wrote. “We should consider the idea of genetic human enhancement before and during that mission.”
In doing so, however, we might end up creating a new species of humans.
For centuries, ever since the first astronomers turned the first rudimentary telescopes towards Mars, mankind has imagined encountering Martians. Ironically, these fabled Martians might just end up being a new race of Earthlings.
Explore the Milky Way's Monster Black Hole with This Virtual Tour
Explore the Milky Way's Monster Black Hole with This Virtual Tour
By Elizabeth Howell, Space.com Contributor
Last month, scientists announced the discovery of thousands of black holes at the heart of our galaxy. Now, you can explore the monster black hole at the core of the Milky Way that's surrounded by that black-hole swarm, thanks to a new virtual tour released by NASA.
The individual black holes are estimated to be five to 30 times the mass of our sun, and all were found within three light-years from the monster black hole, called Sagittarius A*.
"Researchers combed through data from NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory, looking for possible black holes in close orbit with a star," researchers said in a new video posted on the Chandra website. "They found about a dozen strong black-hole candidates within a very short distance of the supermassive black hole at the galactic center. This implies the presence of other undetected stellar-mass black holes. Up to a thousand stellar-mass black holes could be present."
The video zooms in on Sagittarius A*, with suspected locations of other black holes circled in the animation. But there are other possible explanations for the X-ray sources. At least half of the observed X-ray radiation might be from rapidly rotating neutron stars that have strong magnetic fields, according to scientists at the Chandra X-Ray Observatory.
But if the observed sources are indeed black holes, scientists are particularly interested in those that have companion stars. One reason is that the discovery could help scientists better understand gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time caused by interactions between massive objects. The first confirmed detection of gravitational waves was in 2015, and observations continue with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory and Virgo interferometer collaborations.
A paper based on the new Chandra results was published April 5 in the journal Nature. The work was led by Charles J. Hailey, co-director of the Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory at Columbia University in New York.
Pluto is an uncanny-valley world, with landscapes and vistas that seem strikingly similar to those of Earth — until you take a closer look.
NASA's New Horizons mission, which flew by the dwarf planet in July 2015, found that Pluto has towering mountains, but of water ice rather than rock; vast plains of frozen nitrogen and other exotic materials; and blue skies provided by a wispy atmosphere that contains no appreciable oxygen.
The new discovery "shows us that Pluto's atmosphere and surface are interacting in a way that geologically/geomorphologically alters the surface," said study lead author Matt Telfer, a lecturer in physical geography at the University of Plymouth in England.
"That's exciting not just because it shows (again) the dynamism of these small, cold, dark distant worlds, but also for its inferences for very early solar system bodies," Telfer told Space.com via email.
A graphic from NASA shows Pluto's hazy atmosphere, as seen by the New Horizons spacecraft. The inset provides more detail about the haze layers.
Telfer and his colleagues analyzed the imagery New Horizons captured during its epic flyby. They noticed a complex of ridges within Sputnik Planitia, a 620-mile-wide (1,000 kilometers) nitrogen-ice plain that forms the left lobe of Pluto's famous "heart."
The ridges ripple in a 47-mile-wide (75 km) sliver on the western edge of Sputnik Planitia, where the plain runs into the 3-mile-high (5 km) Al-Idrisi Montes mountain range. The newly identified features look a lot like wind-sculpted dunes, and that's exactly what they are, according to the study team.
"We're sure," Telfer said. "It's actually the relatively simple stuff, like their location, alignment (undisturbed by glacial movement, unlike the sublimation pits elsewhere), orientation (including the adjacent orthogonal wind streaks), and changes in regional orientation and spacing that nail it. It all makes perfect sense for dunes, and doesn't match what we'd see for sublimation pits."
"Sublimation pits" are spots where sunlight has caused relatively large amounts of icy material to sublime, or transition directly from the solid phase to gas. New Horizons imagery has revealed thousands of such depressions across Sputnik Planitia, and a series of aligned pits was the most viable alternative explanation for the dune features, Telfer and his colleagues wrote in the new study, which was published online today (May 31) in the journal Science.
Sublimation is an important part of the dunes' story, the researchers found. They performed modeling work that suggested Pluto's winds are strong enough to create the Sputnik Planitia dune system — as long as the grains being blown were already airborne. Sublimation is pretty much the only way to make this happen, with the grains being lofted by rising gas, according to the study team.
Dune systems appear to be common throughout the solar system. Such features have been confirmed on Earth, Mars, Venus and Saturn's huge moon Titan, for example, and they may even exist on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, which was studied up close by Europe's Rosetta mission from 2014 through 2016.
Still, finding dunes on Pluto was unexpected, given the dwarf planet's very thin air, experts said.
"What makes this discovery surprising is that the sediment can be mobilized despite Pluto's tenuous atmosphere, with a surface pressure (1 Pa) that is a factor of 100,000 times lower than that on Earth," Alexander Hayes, an assistant professor of astronomy at Cornell University who was not involved in the new study, wrote in an accompanying "Perspectives" piece in the same issue of Science.
Telfer expressed similar sentiments: "It was hard to see how the wind could influence anything, until you do the math."
The new study is far from the final word on Pluto's dunes, stressed Hayes, who also directs Cornell's Spacecraft Planetary Imaging Facility.
"Nature tends to converge toward a set of relatively few forms and generic patterns using a variety of processes," he wrote. "Accordingly, much work is left to do to understand dunes on Pluto. Most notably, it remains to be shown how high the dunes are, when they are most active, whether they change and whether entrainment can occur without lofting."
New Horizons' work is far from done, by the way. The probe is now gearing up for a flyby of a small object called 2014 MU69, which lies about 1 billion miles (1.6 billion km) beyond Pluto. That close encounter, which will occur on Jan. 1, 2019, is the centerpiece of New Horizons' extended mission.
Extremely Large Telescope: The Biggest Eye on the Sky
Extremely Large Telescope: The Biggest Eye on the Sky
By Nola Taylor Redd, Space.com Contributor
In the mountains of Chile sits the site of what will become the largest optical telescope in the world. The Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) will have a primary mirror made up of almost 800 individual segments and will be capable of collecting more light than all of the existing 8-to-10-meter telescopes on the planet, combined.
Originally dubbed the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), the name of the ELT was changed in 2017. Its new moniker, the Extremely Large Telescope, reflects the growing number of the European Southern Observatory (ESO)'s international partners and the instrument's location in Chile.
"The ELT will produce discoveries that we simply cannot imagine today, and it will inspire people around the world to think about science, technology and our place in the universe," Tim de Zeeuw, ESO's Director General, said in a statement.
Planning and execution
Telescopes are made up of primary and secondary mirrors. Until the last few decades, these mirrors were made up of a single rigid piece of glass. The largest single-pane, or monolithic, mirrors currently in use can be found on the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT), each with a diameter of 27.5 feet (8.4 meters).
But technology limits how large a monolithic mirror can be made, and the LBT skirts it. Building even larger mirrors requires using segments that work together as a unit to collect light. The Keck telescopes in Hawaii and the James Webb Space Telescope are two examples of telescopes using segmented mirrors.
The ELT will consist of a 128-foot (39 m) main mirror made up of 798 individual hexagon segments. Each segment will measure 4.6 feet (1.4 m) across, with a thickness of 2 inches (5 centimeters). Together, the segments will collect tens of millions of times as much light as the human eye.
Early designs of the ELT included a segmented primary mirror of 140 feet (42 meters) and a secondary mirror 19 feet (5.9 m) across. In 2011, the ESO decided to reduce the size to a 130–foot (39.3 m) primary and a 14–foot (4.2 m) secondary, reducing the cost and allowing the telescope to be finished sooner.
"As much as we astronomers always aim for ever bigger telescopes, the core purpose of such a revolutionary project as the ELT is to find the right balance between scientific capability and cost efficiency. ESO has always managed to lead ground-based astronomy and built front-line telescopes thanks to this approach," de Zeeuw said. "With the new ELT design we can still satisfy the bold science goals and also ensure that the construction can be completed in only 10 to 11 years. This will allow the ELT to operate simultaneously with the James Webb Space Telescope."
The ELT will sit in the Cerro Armazones, Chile, where high altitudes and low humidity make it a choice site for telescopes. The site was selected in 2010, and in 2011 the Chilean government donated land for the instrument, while committing to keep an additional 140 square miles (362 square kilometers) free of buildings that could interfere with the telescope's observations.
"Chile has the clearest skies on Earth and hosts the most important centers for astronomical observation," Chilean Minister of Foreign Affairs Alfredo Moreno said in a statement. "It is part of our assets and also part of our contribution to humanity."
In 2015, the first instruments were approved for the massive telescope. They include a near-infrared imager, an adaptive optics unit, an integral field spectrograph, and a mid-infrared imager and spectrograph.
The first-stone ceremony for the telescope occurred in 2017. In addition to kicking off the construction of the ELT, the ceremony also included the sealing of a time capsule prepared by ESO.
The ESO has a live image of Cerro Armazones taken from Cerro Paranal that is updated every hour during the daytime. You can watch the construction here.
In 2018, the first six hexagonal segments for the ELT's main mirror were successfully cast in Germany. More than 900 segments will ultimately be cast — 798 for the main mirror, plus a spare set of 133. When fully up to speed, the production rate will be about one segment per day.
"It was a wonderful feeling to see the first segments being successfully cast," Marc Cayrel, an engineer at ESO, said in a statement. "This is a major milestone for the ELT!"
First light is targeted for 2024.
The science of the ELT
The massive segmented primary mirror of the ELT will allow it to perform groundbreaking science, scoping out extrasolar planets, shining light on other galaxies, and improving the understanding of the fundamental laws of physics.
One of the most intriguing and exciting aspects of the ELT science program will be the discovery and characterization of planets and protoplanetary systems around other stars. The ELT should be able to discover worlds down to Earth-like masses, as well as directly image larger planets and potentially characterize their atmospheres. It will observe giant planets around young stars and in star-forming regions, tracing their evolution over time.
The ELT "will answer fundamental questions regarding planet formation and evolution, the planetary environment of other stars, and the uniqueness (or otherwise) of the solar system and Earth," the ESO says on their site.
The ELT will also be able to peer into the heart of galaxies to count their stars. Currently, astronomers can only resolve individual stars in our own galaxy and its nearest neighbors, none of which are elliptical galaxies.
"A galaxy's stellar populations carry a memory of its entire star formation history, and decoding this information offers detailed insights into the galaxy's past," the ESO says.
The ELT will be able to precisely resolve the stellar populations of more distant galaxies, including the giant elliptical galaxies of the Virgo cluster, providing detailed information about star formation, metal enrichment, and the movement history of nearby galaxies.
The ELT will also be able to look at more distant galaxies, surveying hundreds of massive galaxies at their most distant. By providing scientists with information about their ages, stellar masses, star formation rates, metallicities, and more, the ELT will lead towards a better understanding of galaxy formation. The telescope will also push back to the end of the "dark ages," when galaxies were first beginning to form after the Big Bang, to identify some of the first galaxies and their properties.
The massive instrument will also help to shine some light on the expanding universe. By helping scientists discover and identify distant types of supernovae, the standard candles of the universe, the ELT will help map out the universe and the history of its expansion. It will also provide insight into dark energy.
"The ELT will also attempt, for the first time, to constrain dark energy by directly observing the global dynamics of the universe," the ESO says. "This measurement will offer a truly independent and unique approach to the exploration of the expansion history of the universe."
The next generation telescopes
"Extremely Large Telescopes are considered worldwide as one of the highest priorities in ground-based astronomy," the ESO says on its website. "They will vastly advance astrophysical knowledge, allowing detailed studies of subjects including planets around other stars, the first objects in the Universe, super-massive black holes, and the nature and distribution of the dark matter and dark energy which dominate the Universe."
The ELT is not the only ELT being built. The Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) was set for construction on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, until problems arose with its construction permit in 2015. Currently, the TMT is on hold, with its organizers considering an alternate location in La Palma in the Canary Islands.
Another ELT under construction is the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT), which is also being built in Chile. GMT will combine seven 8.4-meter mirrors to create an effective aperture of 24.5 meters. The telescope is expected to begin operations by 2025.
On 8 July 1947 the Roswell Daily Record newspaper published a front page article with the headline "RAAF Captures Flying Saucer On Ranch in Roswell Region", and the legend of America's most famous brush with aliens was born.
Today, many conspiracy theorists consider the so-called "Roswell incident" to be one of the most conspicuous pieces of evidence that the US government has covered up the existence of extra-terrestrial life on Earth. But the Roswell story's position in the public imagination was far from immediate.
What was the Roswell incident?
On 7 July 1947, around 75 miles north of the town of Roswell in New Mexico, debris from a highly classified project used by the US Army Air Force (the precursor to the US Air Force) to detect atomic bomb tests in the Soviet Union, was recovered from a ranch after being reported by ranch worker William Brazel.
Intrigued by the idea of flying saucers, Brazel gathered some of the debris and went to Roswell where he told Sheriff George Wilcox about his find. According to reports he "whispered kinda confidential like". Wilcox immediately reported the encounter to the USAAF base at Roswell which promptly sent agents to visit the ranch, but not before the press picked up the story.
What was reported at the time?
On 8 July 1947 Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF) issued a press release stating that a "flying disk" had crashed on a ranch near Roswell during a powerful storm. Later in the day, as government scientists arrived in the area, the story appeared to change. A press conference was held and it was stated instead that a weather balloon had crashed. Reporters were shown debris said to be taken from the crash area, such as foil, rubber and wood, which appeared to confirm that the object had been a weather balloon.
After initially suggesting that Brazel's debris had come from a UFO, the Roswell Daily Record reported a correction which included the USAAF statement that it was a weather balloon that had been found at the site. Brazel later went on record to say that he regretted the publicity that his misidentification had caused.
According to the official accounts, the debris Brazel found came from a balloon which was part of an experimental technology trial codenamed Project Mogul.
What was Project Mogul?
The classified Project Mogul was designed to detect sound waves in the upper atmosphere from Soviet atom bomb tests by flying microphones on trains of balloons at high altitude. Although the technology was quickly superseded, it remained secret for more than 20 years after the event. The fact that the balloon was involved in Cold War surveillance of the Soviet Union may have helped to propel rumours of a cover-up.
How did it become a cause celebre?
For 31 years the story was largely forgotten until The National Enquirer reported the original Roswell Daily Record story again, but not the correction. Following the publication of the new story, theories suggesting that the government's incomplete account had been an attempt to cover the discovery of an alien spacecraft began to take root.
What did other witnesses say?
Several people claimed to have seen debris scattered over a wide area and at least one person reported seeing a blazing aircraft in the sky shortly before it crashed, but the key account came from a former mortician, Glenn Dennis, who claimed in 1989 that a friend who worked as a nurse at the Roswell Army Air Field had accidentally walked into an examination room where doctors were bent over the bodies of three creatures. They apparently resembled humans, but with small bodies, spindly arms and giant bald heads.
In 1995, Ray Santilli, a London-based entrepreneur, released "footage" of an alien autopsy performed in Roswell in 1947. Experts immediately ridiculed the footage as a hoax and he admitted years later that it was almost entirely fake. Nevertheless, Santilli insisted real footage existed, but due to its poor condition he had been forced to recreate it.
Critics have questioned the validity of various witnesses and pointed out that many claims over the years have come from "friends of friends" who supposedly saw something out of the ordinary.
Stranger than fiction?
Coincidentally, the republication of the story came just one year after the release of Close Encounters of the Third Kind, a film about a government conspiracy covering up alien visits to Earth. The film was released in the USA in November and the following year in the UK. That year 750 sightings were officially documented in the UK by the Ministry of Defence UFO desk, the highest figure on record.
Did UFO sightings continue to increase
Looking at UFO sightings data from both sides of the Atlantic, a direct correlation between popular films involving aliens and real world UFO sightings becomes evident. In 2009, The Guardian detailed the popular culture influences that may have helped propel UFO sightings in the UK in 1996. In the year that Independence Day and Mars Attacks were released there were 609 UFO sightings across the UK, significantly more than the years just before or after.
If Advanced Alien Species have Language: "Would It be Similar to Humans? That's the Big Question"
If Advanced Alien Species have Language: "Would It be Similar to Humans? That's the Big Question"
Posted by Tu Vu on tháng
World-renowned linguist Noam "Chomsky has often said that if a Martian visited Earth, it would think we all speak dialects of the same language, because all terrestrial languages share a common underlying structure," Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence (METI) head Doug Vakoch. "But if aliens have language, would it be similar to ours? That's the big question."
It is extremely unlikely that an alien species would happen to have the same parameters as human beings. In the words of Chomsky, the leading proponent of this view: "If an alien landed from outer space and spoke a language that violated universal grammar, we simply would not be able to learn that language the way that we learn a human language like English or Swahili … We’re designed by nature for English, Chinese, and every other possible human language. But we’re not designed to learn perfectly usable languages that violate universal grammar."
Many scientists believe that alien civilisations exist. For them, the question is now whether we will encounter them in the near future or a very long time from now, rather than if at all. So let’s imagine that we suddenly stand face-to-face with members of an alien species. What would we do first? Surely communicating that we come in peace would be a priority. But would we ever be able to understand each other?
The one thing we can be confident about exchanging with aliens is scientific information. If the laws of the universe are the same everywhere, then different descriptions of these laws should, in principle, be equivalent. This is the rationale behind initiatives like The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) and Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence (METI).
Matters are more complicated when it comes to language, which is the single most important factor in human cooperation. It is by communicating our intentions that we are able to work together in surprisingly large groups. For this reason, it is plausible that any technologically versatile alien civilisation would have something like language.
Can we expect to learn such an alien language? The first hurdle would be its medium. Humans communicate in a 85-255Hz frequency range of sound and in the 430-770 THz frequency range of light. This is unlikely to be true of aliens, who will have evolved differently. Nevertheless, the problem is largely a technical one. Speeded up whale songs that are otherwise inaudible to humans, for instance, show that it is relatively easy to map “alien” stimuli into forms that humans can perceive.
The more difficult question is whether we would ever be able to learn the internal structure of an alien language. Existing perspectives in the psychology of language give two very different answers.
The generativist approach, which holds that the structure of language is hardwired into the brain, suggests this wouldn’t be possible. It argues that humans come with an inbuilt universal grammar that has a specific number of settings – each corresponding to the acceptable order in which words and parts of words can be arranged in a given language system. The language we hear in early life activates one of these settings, which then allows us to distinguish between valid and invalid ways of combining words.
The key point is that the number of grammars is very limited. Though the rules of human languages can and do vary, proponents of the generativist model argue they can only do so within strict parameters. For example, the “head directionality” parameter determines whether the verbs in a language precede or follow their complements, with English being head-initial (“Bob gave a cake to Alice”) and Japanese being head-final (“Bob to Alice a cake gave”).
The cognitive view, on the other hand, sees semantics (structures of meaning) as being more important than syntax (structures of grammar). According to this view, sentences like “quadruplicity drinks procrastination” are syntactically well-formed but semantically meaningless. For this reason, proponents of the cognitive view argue that grammar alone is not enough to understand language. Instead, it needs to be partnered with knowledge of the concepts that structure how language users think.
We can also look at our own world to see how organisms can have striking similarities, even if they have developed in very different ways and in contrasting environments. This is known as “convergent evolution”. In physical terms, for example, wings and eyes have independently emerged among animals through evolution at several different times over, and birds in ecologically isolated New Zealand have evolved behaviours typically seen in mammals elsewhere. The cognitive view offers hope that human and alien languages might be mutually intelligible.
Some argue that even the most advanced human concepts are built up from basic building blocks that are shared across species, such as notions of past and future; similarity and difference; and agent and object. If an alien species manipulates objects, interacts with its peers and combines concepts, the cognitive approach therefore predicts there might be enough mental architecture in common to make its language accessible to humans. It is implausible, for instance, that an alien species that reproduced biologically would lack concepts for distinguishing between genetically related and unrelated groups.
But is the cognitive view correct? Research on neural networks shows that languages could be learned without specialised structures in the brain. This is important because it means there may be no need to postulate an innate universal grammar to explain language acquisition. Also, it seems there may be human languages that don’t fit in the universal grammar framework. Though these results are far from conclusive (for instance, they can’t explain why humans alone seem to have language), the evidence leans towards the cognitive account.
So, it might be reasonable to assume that humans could learn alien languages. Clearly, there would probably always be aspects of an alien language (like our poetry) that are inaccessible. Equally, some species may occupy such a different mental universe that it is only broadly equivalent to that of humans. Nevertheless, I think we can be cautiously optimistic that universal structures in the physical, biological and social worlds would be enough to anchor human and alien languages in a common semantic framework.
The image at the top of the page is from Arrival, the latest science fiction film to explore what first contact with alien life might be like. Set in the near future, the film brings this scenario to Earth when an unexplained series of extraterrestrial landings causes nations across the globe to attempt communication with the lifeforms within. Called in to help work out what the purpose of their visit might be, linguistics professor Dr. Louise Banks finds herself teamed up with scientist Ian Donnelly, and although the pair are initially at odds regarding how to make the best of this unprecedented situation, the two eventually come to rely on one another to form their approach. With thanks to Paramount Pictures
'Lonely' Neutron Star Looks Fabulous in This New Close-Up
'Lonely' Neutron Star Looks Fabulous in This New Close-Up
By Doris Elin Salazar, Space.com Contributor
A rare discovery twinkles in the debris of an ancient supernova: the first isolated neutron star ever found outside the Milky Way. And researchers just got their best look yet.
The Small Magellanic Cloud looks like a smudge over the southern sky, but it's actually a nearby galaxy brimming with millions of stars 200,000 light-years away. More than three decades ago, scientists discovered a supernovadebris field inside the Small Magellanic Cloud. But new imagery combines observations from several telescopic instruments that showcase these dust and gas formations like never before. And more information about a rare neutron star has emerged as a result.
One thing that makes this neutron star so special is that it's the first one astronomers have found outside the Milky Way. Designated 1E 0102.2-7219 (E0102 for short), the neutron star was extra hard to find because it is faint and "lonely," according to a recent statement from the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. [Diary of a Supernova: How (Some) Stars Blow Up]
When stars larger than 1.4 times the mass of the sun are at the end of their lives, they explode. In the resulting collapse, the star can condense into a high-mass stellar core and form a neutron star.
Scientists initially spotted E0102 by looking at supernova clouds shaped like a bull's-eye.
Back on March 2, Frédéric Vogt, a European Southern Observatory (ESO) fellow, published a paper about his research team's work to locate "p1," a source of X-rays coming from the general direction of this supernova debris field. They used imagery from the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope in Chile to find the source of the X-rays, which they suspected was, in fact, a neutron star. Then, the team found a slowly expanding ring of gas inside the clouds of the supernova leftovers. This gave Vogt and his team the neutron star's location: at the center of the expanding ring.
Since then, Vogt's team has published more findings about the neutron star. According to the Chandra statement released on May 23, the new composite image of E0102 combines data from Chandra (seen in blue and purple), MUSE ( in bright red) and the Hubble Space Telescope (in dark red and green). The data suggest that the neutron star is indeed alone without a companion star, and that it formed about 2,000 years ago.
E0102 is the only solitary neutron star with a low magnetic field to be spotted outside the Milky Way, according to Chandra officials. And E0102 turns out to be an extra-special star because it's rich in oxygen. Massive stars fuse lighter elements into heavier ones before they explode, and the oxygen remnants seen flying through space at millions of miles an hour can help scientists better understand the fusion process during a massive star's last moments.
NASA To Build Stasis Chamber For Journeys To Mars And Beyond
NASA To Build Stasis Chamber For Journeys To Mars And Beyond
Human beings traveling outside the immediate region around the Earth may be a far-off dream at the moment but scientists are already hard at work laying the foundations to transform this dream into a reality. One of the most exciting developments at this current time involves the design of a sleep chamber which will be able to accommodate an astronaut for up to two weeks at a time.
Out of fiction into science
The sleeping chamber, or stasis chamber, is currently being developed by a private company called SpaceWorks Enterprises in conjunction with NASA. Spokespeople from SpaceWorks have explained that astronauts will be able to use these stasis chambers for two weeks at a time and then be awake for a couple of days to allow them to walk around and stretch out. This process could be repeated continually throughout the entire time that it would take to reach a planet such a Mars, which would take just over three hundred days.
The presentation containing this proposal and summary of preliminary research, care of NASA and SpaceWorks: www.nasa.gov/...
The astronauts on the mission would share a large sleeping chamber. Before they are put into stasis, their body temperatures would be lowered to around 32 degrees Celsius. Then the group would be sedated in order to suppress the bodies natural reaction to the cold. In this way, the body would experience a kind of mild hypothermia which would induce unconsciousness, slow down the metabolic rate and prevent the bodies incurring any damage from a lack of oxygen. The researchers also plan to equip the stasis chamber with some kind of artificial gravity in order to protect the astronauts from the potential dangers associated with long-term space travel.
This kind of development is considered to be essential to the development of far-reaching space travel. Not only would having a portion of the astronauts in stasis for the journey reduce the amount of food and water required for this kind of mission but they would also mean that the space crafts used could be smaller which means that they would be less at risk from the harmful effects caused by radiation.
Advancing Torpor Inducing Transfer Habitats for Human Stasis to Mars
SpaceWorks proposes the development of an advanced habitat system for transporting crews between the Earth and Mars. This new and innovative habitat design is capable of cycling the crew through inactive, non-cryonic torpor sleep states for the duration of the inspace mission segments. Under this effort, SpaceWorks will (i) Expand the Phase I medical team to address key challenges identified in the initial effort, (ii) Examine key habitat engineering aspects to further explore and refine design and identify further potential performance gains, (iii) initiate validation studies with leading medical researchers to understand the effects of prolonged hypothermia, and (iv) Consider the technology’s impact on alternate exploration missions (Mars moons, asteroid belt, Jovian and Saturn system, etc.).
MAN BUILDS REPLICA OF THE GREAT PYRAMID AND TAPS INTO ‘MYSTICAL ENERGY’
MAN BUILDS REPLICA OF THE GREAT PYRAMID AND TAPS INTO ‘MYSTICAL ENERGY’
For centuries have scholars maintained that Pyramids were built to serve as tombs for mighty rulers to rest.
For thousands of years have ancient civilizations around the globe built majestic structures reaching for the sky.
The most famous pyramids ever built were erected in ancient Egypt.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the most amazing pyramids ever constructed on Earth. However, despite what many may believe, this pyramid isn’t the largest one.
Half-way around the world, in Mexico to be more precise, ancient cultures built equally stunning monuments.
The Great Pyramid of Cholula is considered the largest pyramid on the surface of the planet in terms of volume.
But no matter where you look, you’ll find pyramids that were erected in the distant past, as if thousands of years ago, ancient builders used the same blueprint to construct these massive structures.
And since pyramids have become an equivalent for mystery, many people have tried understanding why were pyramids so important to our ancestors.
There are more than 1000 pyramids in Central America alone? There are 300 Pyramids in China and over 200 Pyramids in Sudan.
Egypt boasts only around 120 Pyramids.
To try to get to the bottom of the Pyramid ‘mystery’, a Ukrainian scientist decided to study these majestic structured and see whether there is a chance that pyramids were contextured for a far greater purpose than what we have been led to believe.
Dr. Volodymyr Krashnoholovets, a physicist from Ukraine, who has curiously spent over a decade building and researching pyramids, has been fascinated by these ancient structures for a long time.
He discovered incredible details about pyramids.
Endorsed by the Russian government, he created a 144-foot-tall pyramid outside of Moscow. He is a man who believes to have finally cracked the mystery behind pyramids and why they were built, and according to him, this is a summary of his discoveries on the effects of Pyramids:
The immune system of organisms improved (blood leukocyte composition increased).
Improved regeneration of tissue.
Seeds stored in the pyramid for 1-5 days showed a 30-100% increase in yield.
Soon after construction of the Lake Seliger pyramid a marked improvement of the ozone was noted above the area.
Seismic activity near the pyramid research areas is reduced in severity and size.
Violent weather also appears to decrease in the vicinity of the pyramids.
Pyramids constructed in Southern Russia (Bashkiria) appeared to have a positive effect on oil production with oil becoming less viscous by 30% and the yield of the oil wells increased according to tests carried out by the Moscow Academy of Oil and Gas.
A study was done on 5000 prisoners who ingested salt and pepper that had been exposed to the pyramid energy field. The test subjects exhibited a greatly reduced violence rate and overall behavior was much improved.
Standard tissue culture tests showed an increase in survival of cellular tissue after infection by viruses and bacteria.
Radioactive substances show a decreased level of radiation inside the pyramid.
There are reports of spontaneous charging of capacitors.
Physicists observed significant changes in superconductivity temperature thresholds and the properties of semiconducting and carbon nanomaterials.
Water inside the pyramid will remain liquid to minus 40 degrees Celsius but freeze instantly if jostled or bumped in any way.
Building a replica
In the 1970’s, a man called Jim Onan discovered a study by the University of Wisconsin that supposedly claimed the ancient Egyptians used the pyramids as energy-producing machines.
Onan decided to perform a series of experiments, trying to recreate the energetic properties of the pyramid.
He eventually built a few smaller pyramids and placed them around his house. According to reports, his friends and family soon began noticing a number of strange phenomena when located near the Pyramids. It is claimed that the smaller pyramids built by Onan produced a sort of energy vortex coming from their summit.
Eventually, Onan and his friends decided to build an even larger pyramid. He constructed a 13-foot tall structure and invited a botanist to plant plants inside the pyramid.
According to claims, plants grew 3 times faster inside the pyramid then what they would grow normally. Onan is said to have built an exact replica of the pyramid of Egypt at 1/9th of their size, of course.
Reports suggest that a man named ‘Ralph’ who worked maintenance at the Onan’s property drank spring water every day while working on the Pyramid. Ralph allegedly had high blood pressure.
Eventually, he noticed that his blood pressure was lower. Finally, word got out and people started coming to the Onan’s mysterious Pyramid to drink the ‘miracle’ water. Many people claimed to feel better or to have certain ailments cured. This could all be the placebo effect (mind over matter), or there could be some validity as we now know that water is living and charging water and for it to be alive has more health value, notes Enlightened Consciousness.
The residence built by Onnan is truly remarkable.
It features a 50-foot statue of King Tutankhamun, as well as a massive metal palm tree.
The gold pyramid home has become an American landmark.
DOCUMENTARY ABOUT BOB LAZAR, THE AREA 51 WHISTLEBLOWER, TO PREMIERE ON TV
DOCUMENTARY ABOUT BOB LAZAR, THE AREA 51 WHISTLEBLOWER, TO PREMIERE ON TV
Bob Lazar is best known as the man who, in the late 1980s, revealed the secrets about the infamous top-secret government facility Area 51.
He claimed to have been a scientist hired by the government for the complex task of reverse engineering alien technology that the government recovered from UFO crash sites.
Bob Lazar says he was initially introduced to work in a military facility called S-4 (Sector Four) by Edward Teller.
Their tasks consisted of scientific research on the propulsion system of one of the flying saucers recovered by the military, as a general part of the ongoing reverse engineering project by the government.
From Lazar’s first observations in S-4, he thought that the flying saucers were secret man-made planes, whose test flights must have been responsible for many UFO reports.
Gradually, and because of the multiple documents he had carefully read, and because of everything he had been shown in S-4, Lazar came to the conclusion that the dishes were of extraterrestrial origin.
According to Lazar, he participated in a number of meetings in which the government acknowledged the historical participation of extraterrestrial civilizations with planet Earth, spanning back at least 10,000 years back.
Lazar claims the extraterrestrial beings (Grays) come from the binary star system Zeta Reticuli.
During the 1990s, Lazar’s words gained great interest in the media and became an important testimonial argument to hold that the US government is hiding alien technology.
This led Area 51 to acquire a legendary aura that it still retains to this day, as well as its characteristic of being one of the most famous secret facilities on Earth.
Curiously, for decades after Lazar’s claims became a well-known detail, the government denied the existence of Area 51, until finally recognizing its existence some for years ago.
Now, a filmmaker is set to launch a documentary about Bob Lazar, promising to reveal important details not only about area 51 but alien life and UFOs in general.
This sneak peak’s description reads: Area 51, flying saucers from another world – and the program to create a fierce technology. Bob Lazar has lived a wildlife. He remains the singular most famous and controversial name in the world of UFOs. The reason you know about Area 51 is that Lazar came forward and told you about it. His disclosures have turned his life upside-down and he has tried to stay out of the spotlight. For this reason, he has never let any filmmaker into the private world of his daily life – that is – until now. Corbell’s film will explore Lazar’s claims through the lens of thirty years – providing rare and never before revealed footage – guaranteed to alter the landscape of the debate.
Reports of UFO sightings come from all corners of the globe.
I was taken onboard in the Mojave Desert and given I saw two great big, really bright lights hanging up in the air.
Most believe these alien encounters are a modern phenomenon, but the fact is they have been reported for thousands of years.
MICHAEL CREMO: Practically every human civilization have been in touch with extraterrestrial beings.
GIORGIO TSOUKALOS: In India, Israel.
DAVID CHILDRESS: The Mayans and the Aztecs.
LINDA HOWE: The idea that there were one or more non-human groups inspiring us is the truth.
Millions of people around the world believe we have been visited in the past by extraterrestrial beings. But what if it were true? Did ancient aliens really help to shape our history? And if so, where did they come from? And just who were the visitors?
Roswell, New Mexico.
Original images released of the alleged Air Force weather balloon from 1947
This sleepy town in America’s Southwest was once best known for its large military airbase. But that changed in 1947 when a local rancher reported that a spaceship crashed on his property. Several weeks later, the U.S. Army issued a press release confirming the existence of an alien craft. The next day, the military changed its story and announced that what they had found was a weher balloon. These conflicting reports sent shock waves around the world, and the name “Roswell” became a pop culture code word that forever links extraterrestrial visitation with enduring mystery.
NICK POPE: Speculation about why the Roswell crash would be covered up is difficult to pin down. Some people talk about this in terms of information that would be shattering to our worldview.
STEVEN GREER: Almost everyone’s heard about the so-called Roswell event, and one of the real implications of disclosure is that some of our most cherished myths about the origins of the human race and our history and archaeology would fall apart.
GEORGE NOORY: Something happened at Roswell, New Mexico a long time ago. People want the truth. I think there’s something in the human being itself that is striving, that is hungry for this knowledge in order to answer questions about our own existence. Today, public opinion polls indicate more than half the world’s population believes aliens have either come here in the past or are coming here now. But what is it exactly that makes so many people believe?
JONATHAN YOUNG: I do think looking upward makes sense. The universe is large. There are things out there we do not understand. There is probably intelligent life somewhere.
ROBERT BAUVAL: People tend to forget that we’re on a planet that’s four and a half billion years old. The presence of our civilization in that vast scale of time I mean, if I click my finger, it wouldn’t even be fast enough to say this is the time of our civilization. And to think that we’re the only ones in this vast period of time, to me, is absurd.
SARA SEAGER: Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has over 100 billion stars. And in our universe, we think there are more than 100 billion galaxies. So if every star had a planet with intelligent life, how many alien civilizations would we have?
ERICH VON DANIKEN: If you take us as the crown of creation, or the top of evolution, we look at our self as the greatest, the biggest. We say, how incredible, uh, unique we are in the whole universe. We forgot to learn modesty.
JENNIFER HELDMANN: Each step that we take makes us a little bit less special. We used to think that we were the center of the universe, as humans, and then we realized, “Oh, all right, well, that’s not true.” And we’re at the center of the galaxy, and, like, well, all right, so we’re like two thirds of the way out in a spiral arm. And then, well, at least our sun, you know, with this No. The sun is actually in the middle, and the earth goes around it. So earth isn’t even the center of that system, and So, the more that we learn, we sort of, you know It’s a very humbling science.
When man first landed on the moon, our perspective on the universe changed forever.
Houston, uh, the Eagle has landed.
BUZZ ALDRIN: We aliens who happened to go down the ladder on July were certainly part of a magnificent race. I just don’t think people have a grasp for what energy it takes to go from one star to another. This historic event raised the question: if humans can successfully navigate in space and explore other worlds, why couldn’t beings from other parts of the universe have done the same? And might they have already come to Earth hundreds, or perhaps, thousands of years ago?
VON DANIKEN: I think human past is more fantastic than we all believe. I have come to the idea that maybe extraterrestrials were on this planet.
This settlement served as the religious and cultural capital of the Nazca people. But sometime around 500 AD, the Nazca mysteriously disappeared, leaving Cahuachi to fall into disarray. Anthropologist Ales Hrdlicka came to Cahuachi to study the ancient Nazca civilization. During a dig, he unearthed some of the most surprising and shocking artifacts he had ever seen. They were skulls with enormous, elongated craniums. Where did they come from? How did they get there? And were they human?
CHILDRESS: In Peru, we find these weird, elongated skulls. And they’re bizarre-looking. I mean, and-and these people look like aliens.
ROBERT SCHOCH: One may say, okay, aliens.
But another aspect that we have to consider is that skull and cranial deformation, forming elongated heads is a practice that’s known throughout much of the ancient world. In 1870, the process of skull deformation was well chronicled by a German botanist and explorer named Georg Schweinfurth. While exploring the African Congo, he came in contact with a tribe called the Mangbetu. They routinely performed a ritual of cranial binding that allowed them to physically alter the shape of human skulls.
CHILDRESS: They took infants’ skulls and compressed them and bound them. And they forced the cranium out and elongate it. And in many cases, they doubled the size.
SCHOCH: And a big question is why was this being done? It may have been a way to distinguish the elite, perhaps, from the everyday people. May have been a social stratification type of issue. Something that also appeals to me is, that may have been a way to express physically and maybe try to achieve physically greater levels of consciousness or higher levels of mental ability.
TSOUKALOS: In my opinion, they did this in order to mimic the gods. And those gods were physical beings because if they were just a figment of our ancestors’ imagination, I don’t think that’s a cpelling enough reason to expose your children to such a ritual to achieve that type of look. And in my opinion, these people were misinterpreted flesh-and-blood space travelers.
SCHOCH: Some people have suggested aliens had elongated skulls, and apparently, ancient peoples are mimicking those skulls. The old saying is that imitation is the sincerest form of flattery. Although there have been many images that attempt to depict what aliens might actually look like, one in particular has come to dominate the public perception. It, too, features an elongated cranium, and is associated with an extraterrestrial race that many refer to as the grays.
POPE: In terms of entities, one very common description are the so-called grays– three and a half, four feet tall, essentially humanoid, but, uh, very spindly with disproportionately large heads and huge black almond-shaped eyes. But would someone in a primitive society really want to replicate this look and deform their skull? Some archeologists have a different perspective. They point to artistic self- expression as an explanation of these customs.
ROBERT R. CARGILL: There are all kinds of people that either worship the body or use the body as art, be it a tattoo or a piercing of some sort, or tribes that, that put things in their ears or on their lips to try to, to try to grow parts of their body.
Some societies, we know, practiced binding parts of the body, feet, or heads and try to make certain shapes, and this was done for whatever reason. We know today that this isn’t usually the most healthy thing to do, but it doesn’t mean people don’t do it. People are always trying to change their body to make it look a certain way. Whatever the explanation may be for these rituals, they are not just found in Peru and the African Congo.
Skull deformation is a global phenomenon.
CHILDRESS: What’s really strange is that this is found all over the world, and this is something that archaeologists cannot easily explain because, for people on remote islands, for people in South America or Malta or in Africa to suddenly, independently do this cranial deformation like this seems incredible. I mean, this is something that had to be learned, something that was taught to them.
SCHOCH: We seem to have basic similarities, as if there was one civilization or at least one type of culture that was influencing people around the world. I find it more and more difficult to believe what I was taught as an undergraduate– that all these different cultures just coincidentally came up with the same concepts independently of each other.
Is it possible that individual societies around the world were influenced by similar events? And were they imitating real beings who visited from other planets? Some of the most compelling images of an elongated cranium can be traced to ancient Egypt and the depictions of one of its most controversial pharaohs. Could it be that he too was mimicking the look of extraterrestrials? Or is there an even more outrageous explanation? Could he have been one of them?
Long before the ancient Egyptians built the pyramids or even settled along the Nile River, they spoke of an era called Tep Zepi, or the beginning of time. According to legends, Tep Zepi was when “sky-gods” descended from the stars to Earth on flying “boats,” and then turned mud and water into a new kingdom.
BAUVAL: The word “god,” according to the ancient Egyptian, is “netyro.” It means a being that came from the cosmos. They are very adamant about the fact that their gods had descended from the stars. They tell us that the god Osiris, who ruled with his consort and sister– the goddess Isis they were star gods, and in fact they identify them very clearly. Osiris was identified as the constellation of Orion.
Isis was identified as the god to the star Sirius, the brightest star in the sky. There’s an interesting point about this– is that within the constellation of Orion is the so-called nursery of stars. The stars in our galaxy literally were born in that zone, and it’s really peculiar that the ancient Egyptians insist that the birth of star gods are in this constellation. They truly believed– they were very adamant about this– that their origins is in the sky.
SCHOCH: Something that we see around the world with ancient civilizations is that they had incredible knowledge of the stars, of the planets, of the heavenly motions. The average person in the ancient world had way more knowledge of what’s going on in the skies than a lot of well-educated people today.
As ancient Egypt grew into a great civilization, its citizens believed their pharaohs were sons of Osiris and thus, living gods. Artwork and wall carvings depicted them as perfect humans, and while the people worshipped many different gods, the pharaoh stood above them all.
This basic Egyptian religious belief remained in force for nearly a thousand years until one pharaoh changed everything. Who was this heretic? His name was Akhenaten, and in every surviving depiction, he is shown with an elongated skull. Who was he? According to Egyptian mythology, he too was descended from the gods who arrived on Earth at the time of Tep Zepi.
But why do so many still believe he actually came from the stars? In 1352 BC, Akhenaten ascended to the throne as the tenth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. Almost immediately, he instituted a series of radical religious changes, including a ban on references to multiple gods.
BAUVAL: It’s a rather strange thing that he would want to do that in one sweep, but he ordered all the, the iconography of previous gods to be removed. He only allowed one emblem, which was a sun emblem, literally a sun disk with curious arms or rays pointing down.
TSOUKALOS: Why did he do this? Because according to his writings and his poems that were written about him later on, he was visited by one of those beings that descended from the sky, who told Akhenaten, “This is the way. I am your god.” This sun god was known as Aten. Akhenaten claimed to be a direct descendent of Aten.
BAUVAL: Akhenaten, like any other pharaoh, regarded himself to be divine. He was a god. Not only himself believed himself to be a god, but the whole nation saw him as a god. Now, the definition of a god is that he was a descendant from these celestial beings. During his fourth year as pharaoh, Akhenaten ordered the construction of a new capital city. He called it Amarna and dedicated it to the sun. Akhenaten would spend the next ten years here, during which time he instituted changes in both art and culture, including how he himself would be publicly depicted.
CARGILL: In Egyptian iconography, Egyptian pharaohs are depicted as these triangular-shaped beings– these broad, strong shoulders and these very skinny waists.
Now, we look at leaders today and we know that most leaders don’t have broad shoulders and skinny waists, but it was important to depict the Egyptian kings as having broad shoulders and skinny waists– very, you know– the epitome of what a king ought to look like.
BAUVAL: That’s exactly the opposite with Akhenaten. He shows himself perhaps as he really is a rather strange look. He has a very mystical look.
SCHOCH: If we take Akhenaten’s statues, for instance, literally, he was a very strange-looking character. Sort of combined, some people would say, feminine aspects with masculine aspects, may have had an elongated skull.
CARGILL: The change in the royal iconography of Akhenaten showed him as he probably really was, with a misshapen head, with a potbelly, with a sunken chest, as opposed to the idealized iconography of traditional Egyptian artists that showed this big, strong pharaoh. Akhenaten’s wife Queen Nefertiti and their children were also depicted as having elongated skulls.
So why were Akhenaten’s and Nefertiti’s heads deformed? Did they suffer from a genetic abnormality or did they deliberately alter their shape? Some believe there could be yet another explanation behind their strange, otherworldly appearance.
CHILDRESS: They look like they’re different than other human beings.
TSOUKALOS: Is it possible that Akhenaten might have been an extraterrestrial hybrid?
CARGILL: Ancient alien enthusiasts look at Pharaoh Akhenaten of Egypt and say, “Ah, look at that long head. That looks like an alien gray. That looks like some kind of something that’s nonhuman, some hybrid between something else and something human. Must be evidence of alien interference, alien reproduction with humans. Something like that.”
BETTY ANN BROWN: I’ve been to Egypt, and one of the most stunning things about seeing the archeological remains of ancient Egypt is that one unique pharaoh, Akhenaten.
TSOUKALOS: I mean, he’s got a very narrow, pointy face, high cheekbones, and a very elongated cranium.
CHILDRESS: The idea that they were either looking like extraterrestrials, or perhaps had extraterrestrial DNA in them is a credible idea. Akhenaten ruled for 17 years. After his reign, Amarna was abandoned, and temples to the sun were destroyed. Images of Akhenaten were deliberately defaced. Ancient Egypt swiftly returned to its old ways, worshipping many gods. Was this a rejection of Akhenaten’s radical religious belief system, or a cover-up of his alien identity?
BAUVAL: There’s been a lot of theories about why. Um, if I mean, the most extreme is that he somehow had some sort of extraterrestrial connection. If one accepts that conclusion, then it would explain why he was literally put off the reign and, some say, put to death.
Some Egyptologists believe Akhenaten was forced to abdicate and flee from Egypt with a group of his loyal followers.
In 1907, the actual body of Akhenaten was discovered in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings by a British archeologist named Edward Ayrton. After unearthing Akhenaten’s mummified remains, he was able to confirm that, indeed, the ancient pharaoh’s skull was misshapen and elongated.
CARGILL: Some scholars argue that he suffered from some kind of physical abnormality; he suffered from a disorder that caused his face to appear to be long, or his head actually was longer. I think with Akhenaten we’re dealing with a physical deformation that wasn’t They just depicted him as he was: potbelly, sunken chest, long head.
Akhenaten was succeeded by his son, Tutankhamen, who became the most renowned pharaoh of all time. When his tomb was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter, Tutankhamen was also found to have an elongated skull. Could he have inherited alien genes from his father? Today, much of Akhenaten’s life still remains a mystery. Did he really change Egypt’s entire belief system because, as some suggest, he was a celestial being? If that’s true, might there be evidence of similar entities coming to Earth? Perhaps more clues can be found thousands of miles away on the other side of the African continent.
Mali, northwest Africa.
Deep in a remote valley live the Dogon people, who are the descendants of a nomadic tribe that settled here around 1000 AD. Just like Akhenaten’s followers, the Dogon had been forced to leave Egypt because of religious persecution.
SCHOCH: The Dogon claim a very long and ancient tradition, and in my opinion maintain some of the ancient Egyptian traditions and myths that have been carried on right into the present age. Parts of ancient Egypt may not have died. They were carried on, to this day, among the Dogon. But what exactly are their beliefs?
Dogon mythology holds that the sky god Amma created the first living creature known as Nommo. The legend also says that shortly after his creation, Nommo multiplied into several parts, one of which rebelled against Amma. Amma responded by destroying him and scattering his ashes throughout the world.
PETER FIEBAG (translated): According to the Dogons’ myths, a god gave them this knowledge. He descended from the sky in an arc, surfing on fire, landing in a storm.
TSOUKALOS: Still today, the Dogon celebrates a festival in the honor of Nommo and that visitation that occurred in the remote past. How do we know this? For this festival, they have wooden masks that date back to a very long time ago, when this festival began.
FIEBAG (translated): Dogon masks tell the mystic stories of their ancestors. This is a sculpture of the creator. They call him Amma. He is embracing the universe. This is how they pass on information from generation to generation, by stories carved in masks. But could Nommo have been a real person?
Some see eerie similarities between the Dogons’ legend and the story of the mysterious Pharaoh Akhenaten. Akhenaten believed he was directly descended from the sun god Aten. Nommo was said to have been created by the sky deity, Amma. Is it a coincidence that both cultures, although thousands of miles apart, shared mythical tales of beings coming from the skies? And both Nommo and Akhenaten were depicted with elongated heads.
Is it possible that these legends were based on real events?
FIEBAG (translated): The Dogons dwell in the central plateau region of Bandiagara. Their knowledge is centuries old, and their priests have been sharing it with chosen individuals only.
In the 1920s, French anthropologist Grialue and ethnologist Dieterle visited the tribe and were invited to share their secrets. But one secret stood out: the Dogon claimed that their god Amma came from a specific star in the Sirius constellation, the same place where the ancient Egyptians believed their god Osiris was born. This star, which modern astronomers refer to as Sirius B, the Dogon called Po Tolo. But what baffles experts is that the star is so far from Earth, it’s impossible to see with the naked eye.
BAUVAL: I was very intrigued by this, by the way. I mean, the Dogons should not have known about the existence of this star. Sirius is the second nearest star from our solar system. It’s eight light-years away. In fact, it’s not even visible with standard telescopes.
TSOUKALOS: Modern science has corroborated that Sirius B does indeed exist. Problem is, the Dogon knew about this before modern science corroborated it. I mean, that’s spooky.
Measurements taken with the Hubble telescope in B is what’s known as a white dwarf– or a partially rnt-out star with extremely dense mass. Although it is smaller in size than Earth, it’s estimated to weigh eight times as much as our sun.
But how did the Dogon acquire this ancient knowledge of astronomy that seems to be centuries more advanced than that of modern science?
SEAGER: The mystery is, how did this story get passed on down generations if the story came from a time before astronomers knew there was a companion star to Sirius which can’t be seen with the human eye?
FIEBAG (translated): This is the Dogon symbol for Sirius. When you move it around, you can see an orbit around the center marked by Sirius A. Sirius B circles around it, so it is a circular system. This sign is practically an astronomic model that the Dogons could not have invented because only Sirius A is visible, and Sirius B and C are invisible. However, their description of the orbit is correct.
One assumption is that this god, Nommo, who brought them this knowledge, could have been an extraterrestrial intelligence. Since the early 20th century, the tribe has been routinely studied and researched by anthropologists. This has led many modern historians to claim that the Dogon must have learned about astronomy from Westerners.
CARGILL: The Dogon’s mythology is so fluid that when science confirms something that they might have believed in antiquity, it might have just been sheer coincidence, or it could have been a conflation. That is, they heard Because it’s an oral culture, and because the mythology is so fluid, they heard something that someone said about this star in relation to another star, and they just grafted that in to their mythology.
They grafted that into their religion. And then when some reporter, some subsequent reporter comes along and says, “What do you believe? ,” they say, “Well, we’ve thought this for millions of years.”
TSOUKALOS: When critics suggest that this knowledge was given to them by modern ethnologists, that’s simply incorrect because we know that the story goes back hundreds of years earlier than any modern ethnologist ever went there.
FIEBAG (translated): If it were ever proven that all this information is exactly correct, including the parts that are still being studied by astronomers, this would mean that the earth had visitors from outer space in prehistoric times.
BAUVAL: Either they inherited that knowledge, and the question is, from where? From a previous civilization, or from some sort of extraterrestrial civilization? Or it’s a coincidence. In my view, it is not a coincidence.
If the Dogon people really possessed this advanced astronomical knowledge, were their legends based on real events? The ancient Egyptians and Dogon were far from alone in their belief in gods or mystical beings that came from the sky.
Is there an explanation for similar myths shared by ancient cultures all around the world? And what does that reveal as to who these visitors may be?
Perhaps the answer can be found, not in northern Africa, but here in the rocks and canyons of the American Southwest Mexico lies the pueblo of Zuni.
Sheltered from the desolate high plains, this adobe city is home to the Zuni Indians, one of the oldest indigenous tribes in North America. They have inhabited this land for almost 2,000 years, and have protected their secrets even longer.
CHRIS O’BRIEN: The Zuni are a very interesting culture in that they’re one of theew cultures that really have not opened up, uh, to the rest of the world about their star knowledge traditions. Most of this type of information is very closely held by the natives.
And, um, I really find it very intriguing that this is the time period in history where now we’re starting to learn more and more about their star knowledge. Much of the Zuni people’s history is etched in the rocks in the New Mexico desert. Tribal Elder Clifford Mahooty and archeologist Dan Simplicio have studied the Zuni’s secret history firsthand.
They’ve collected stories passed down through generations that are rooted in the belief that the tribe’s creators and protectors are supernatural beings from the sky.
DAN SIMPLICIO: This one’s kind of interesting here. I would imagine it was created in last century, but from this design, you can see the star figure. Celestial images oftentimes are depicted in a lot of our cultural petroglyphs.
And this is one of ’em where it depicts the star. It could be the supernova of the crab nebula.
CLIFFORD MAHOOTY: Our Zuni mythology in the prayer system, in the ritualistic protocols, talk about these people that came over here, and told us how to actually live our lives as beings, sky people. If you listen to a lot of religious chants and songs and prayers, that’s all they talk about. They’re talking about space. They’re talking about out there in the universe where they came from. So they depict it on a rock wall here. But the actual meaning of it is somewhere more profound and more complex than that.
These drawings are thought to have been created around 1200 BC, yet they appear to depict modern space travelers and their vehicles.
SIMPLICIO: If you move back a little bit, you can see another figure here. It has a de. It has eyes. Uh, there’s something coming down
MAHOOTY: And a nose. SIMPLICIO: Like a nose.
There’s a nose, but it kind of flares out MAHOOTY: I think it was something to do with the ancient ones, when they saw something. They took as much description of it to put in on there. Of course, it’s not going to be exactly what they saw, but that’s as best as they can do for something that they saw.
CHILDRESS: With all petroglyphs and things like that, I mean, they’re up to interpretation.
Sometimes they are just doodlings of people.
But other times, they may well be actual descriptions and depictions of some kind of god from outer space, some ancient astronaut. And when you go around, say like the Zuni pueblo, I mean, that’s what they’ll tell you those petroglyphs.
Even the Zunis themselves call them the spacemen.
SIMPLICIO: This one seems to have two legs coming out like that. It has a, you know, broad diamond shape body. Um, there probably was a better head that chipped off here. Well, that’s very different-looking than humans are.
MAHOOTY: Now usually they’re called UFOs. But in the Zuni way, we’ve always been taught that they’re the keepers of the upper world, which means space. You know, they’re sky people. Beings that are of the extraterrestrial origin, and this is still within our mythology and our religious practices today.
Like most Indian tribes, the Zunis call these sky people kachinas. According to the Zunis’ creation story, the kachina gods came down from the heavens to lead the Zunis to earth through a special portal.
MAHOOTY: The sipapu– that’s the entrance to the fourth world, or the underworld. And that’s a representation of where the kachinas come and go. And so, according to the mythologies, the Zunis were brought forth into the world of light– which is where we are at today– by what I would interpret as extraterrestrial beings from the universe.
Every year, the Zunis participate in a ceremony known as the Shalako festival. Dressed in traditional costumes to represent the kachinas, the Indians celebrate the arrival of the gods on earth.
CHILDRESS: This is a figurine of kachina gods. And these guys are some gods from the sky who came down. Uh, they wear weird helmets.
TSOUKALOS: This one has a helmet as a head, and if you look at the whole body of it, it’s as if it wears some type of a of a suit. This one here also has the helmet and the visor.
CHILDRESS: For the Pueblo Indians, like the Zunis, these are their-their sky-gods that every year, they have special ceremonies. People put on these special costumes and masks to reenact the coming of the gods. They really look like ancient astronauts.
BILL BIRNES: If you look at the poetry and the legends and the stories from American Indian tribes in the Southwest, they have the legend of the star people. The star people came to Earth and seeded planet Earth, and they came on flying ships. If you speak to the elders, they will tell you that a lot of us believe in the existence of extraterrestrials.
STEVEN M. KARR: These are timeless traditions that have been passed on through the centuries from clan to clan, from family to family, from family member to family member. And it is an oral tradition. Native peoples did not have the written word. They had the spoken word. And culturally, the spoken word is still a significant component of their daily lives, and the ability to pass down the truth.
SIMPLICIO: I remember my grandparents talking about a craft that flew and had actually crash-landed on one of the mesas east of here. There’s no interpretation of what an aircraft is, so the closest thing that they could interpret as anything capable of flight is a bird, or our masked kachina dancers.
MAHOOTY: We are very, very superstitious people. It’s always been in the history of Zuni that they have always been here even right here where we’re sitting right now, but you just don’t see them. They’re in a different frequency. And those are very, very sacred, and those are very, very secret. They’re out there somewhere.
For those who believe that ancient astronauts came to earth thousands of years ago, the prehistoric artwork provides more clues in what they claim is a growing body of evidence: from wall carvings and statues in ancient Egypt to tribal traditions and exotic masks in West Africa to petroglyphs in the American Southwest.
All thousands of years old, they seem to recount similar stories of visitors from the skies. Could the legends of alien beings visiting earth thousands of years ago have inspired more traditional beliefs? Celestial beings coming down to Earth. Gods descending from the sky.
Can these events only be found in the ancient legends of the Zuni?
Do similar accounts exist in other cultures and other religions across the world?
And if so, what is the explanation?
TSOUKALOS: We have to remind ourselves that our ancestors were highly intelligent. However, their technological frame of reference was different than our technological frame of reference, so they didn’t have the vocabulary with which to describe or with which to name certain things that they saw.
So what did they do? They used words that they were familiar with in their time, and so they tried to describe whatever they witnessed to the best of their abilities with their vocabulary.
Ancient China also shared some of the same beliefs that can be found in Egyptian, Native American, and Dogon legends– that deities arrived from the stars. According to Chinese mythology dating back to 3000 BC, when the god named Huang Di was born, there was “a radiance from the great star Chi.”
Huang Di would later emerge from the belly of a fire-breathing dragon to become China’s first emperor.
YOUNG: The origins of the Han Chinese people start with a story of a great god looking down with empathy. Here were people in poverty, in a beautiful, rich country, the landscape profound, but the people were suffering. He took pity and decided to come down.
TSOUKALOS: Huang Di arrived on planet Earth in a flying dragon. He had the power of flight. Huang Di could be anywhere within minutes, and he usually accomplished this by hopping on his dragon and flying somewhere.
YOUNG: Now this divine energy becomes human and is a great leader– the Yellow Emperor who rules and unites the people– and there is a period of great prosperity until his work is done. Huang Di brought order to the chaos, creating China’s first empire.
He is seen as a cultural hero and is credited with the invention of the compass, acupuncture, and the standardization of Chinese writing. One of his greatest legacies is the Great Wall of China.
YOUNG: When the land is prosperous, he decides it’s time to go, and the great yellow dragon comes back and he gets back into the belly of the dragon and flies off forever.
TSOUKALOS: Now, were these dragons truly dragons in a biological nature? Or were they misinterpreted as types of machines? Because, as we all know, dragons are always correlated with spewing fire and a lot of smoke. Whenever we see a modern rocket take off, there is all this smoke, and sometimes the smoke is yellow and sometimes it’s red.
So it’s very bizarre how we have these correlations between the ancient times and modern times today.
YOUNG: Mythology is the effort to grasp what we can’t grasp, to understand what is beyond us. In the Eastern teachings, the dragons very often carry people, sometimes on their back or sometimes inside their bellies, so if we think of them as, as a poet’s effort to explain a vehicle that was strange to them, well, those sound like flying saucers. So it might just be a problem with translation because, after all, it’s just a word.
It’s trying to describe something that’s very difficult to grasp. another tale of celestial beings influencing civilization can be found, this time in what is now modern-day Iraq.
The Babylonian legend of Enuma Elish dates back to the seventh century BC. The text was first discovered in Austen Henry Layard while searching the ruins of the Library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh. The story tells of how the first humans were created by an extraterrestrial re known as the Anunnaki.
TSOUKALOS: In the ancient texts of Sumeria, we have descriptions of these beings descending from the sky called the Anunnaki.
The term “Anunnaki” means “those who from the heavens came.” It says, word for word, that these beings descended in flying vehicles from the sky, and we can find not only descriptions of the Anunnaki, but also depictions and we can see them in statues, in carvings, so it’s all very interesting to see that those beings looked like modern-day space travelers with weird suits.
They had boots on and helmets and, above all, wings, and they were always described or depicted in floating above some “regular people.”
So the question is: who were the Anunnaki? And according to the ancient astronaut hypothesis, they were space travelers who visited Earth in the remote past. Similar themes can be found in the legends of Greek and Roman gods, which also describe events that some interpret as extraterrestrial contact.
Both cultures believed in powerful gods who lived in the heavens and often came down to Earth to interact with humans.
CHILDRESS: A well-known example is Zeus and the Greek gods, and they’ve come down from the sky and Mount Olympus, where they live in some mountain, and they’re bringing, really, civilization and sciences to mankind, but they have many human attributes, too, where, yeah, they, uh, they’re attracted to human women, uh, they want to have sex and children with as many of ’em as they can, and then they go back into the sky.
THOMAS BULLARD: These ideas of gods mating with humans are very commonplace, like Zeus in Greek mythology was always coming down, mating with mortals, and producing demigods like Hercules or Helen of Troy, who were exceptionally beautiful, exceptionally powerful, unusually gifted in every way. So, in other words, you were creating a better race in, in this sense.
TSOUKALOS: In the ancient astronaut opinion, the whole pantheon of gods that we have in ancient Greece consists of nothing else but flesh-and-blood extraterrestrials who were misinterpreted as being these divine creatures by our ancestors.
CREMO: There is a lot of evidence showing that we’re not alone in the cosmos and that our human civilizations on Earth have been interacting for long periods of time with extraterrestrial intelligence. Belief in celestial beings interacting with humans is a cornerstone in several major religions.
In fact, according to the Bible’s Book of Genesis, God created the first humans Adam and Eve. The Bible also contains other passages that describe strange interactions between “otherworldly” beings and humans.
CARGILL: People believe messengers of some sort come down from the heavens. You know, they came down and they had sex with humans, and this is where we produced giants, people like Goliath, so in a technical sense, they are alien. They’re gods or they’re angels; there’s some kind of superhuman thing.
Interpreting these Bible stories has also led to a certain amount of debate and controversy. While most see a single god directing and influencing mankind’s destiny, others argue that it is really a number of gods that are responsible.
TSOUKALOS: In the Old Testament, it says very clearly, “And then God created man in our own image. ” Now, grammatically speaking, that sentence doesn’t make sense, because you have “God” and then you have “our image. ” Well, theologians suggest that, by “our,” what they meant is the Trinity, the Holy Trinity, so basically, if you were to change the word “god” to “gods,” then all of a sudden, the sentence makes sense– “and then the gods created man in our own image.”
CARGILL: So you have this reference– “let us create man in our image.” In several religious texts, specifically the Hebrew Bible, which Christians also accept, and in the Koran, which Muslims revere as holy, you have the reference to God in the plural, and it is incredibly interesting.
But do all these religious scriptures that tell similar stories really point to the possibility that aliens have visited Earth throughout ancient history?
BIRNES: The fact is, the story of creation in our own Bible is the story of creation in cultures around the world.
The story of the flood, the evolution of the human species, the development of language– all of this points to– in fact, the Bible says so– life on Earth came from contact with an extraterrestrial life form. That’s in the Bible. That’s in ancient cultures around the world.
So I believe the theory of ancient astronauts is true, and I believe there’s solid evidence there, and I believe the harder you try to refute that evidence, the more you wind up against a brick wall. That ancient astronauts visited us, visited Earth thousands upon thousands of years ago, and seeded the very civilization we have today.
If the believers in the ancient astronaut theory are correct, then just who were these visitors? And might cutting-edge astrophysics and biology help us to uncover their identity? On March 18, 1965, Russian cosmonaut Alexei Leonov stepped outside the Voskhod 2 and became the first human to walk in space.
He spent 12 minutes and eight seconds outside his ship before returning. Leonov’s survival depended upon a protective suit that could keep him alive where there was neither atmospheric pressure nor oxygen. If we need spacesuits, would aliens traveling to Earth require the same protection? Is that what we’re looking at in these ancient carvings and drawings?
TSOUKALOS: When critics ask, “Well, why would ancient astronauts have to wear astronaut suits like that we’re familiar with today?,” the answer is very simple. Can we go through space without wearing a type of suit? Of course not. We would die. ‘Cause who says that whoever visited us in the remote past, that they could breathe in the atmosphere of planet Earth? So, it’s not farfetched to suggest that they did, in fact, wear some type of suit.
Why might these images resemble modern astronauts? If they are aliens, is it possible they are similar to humans? And could they have come from a planet just like Earth? At the turn of the 20th century, a group of British and German scientists considered this possibility.
They embraced a theory put forth by early Greek philosophers, that all life in the universe began in one specific place. This theory is called panspermia.
SEAGER: Panspermia is the theory that life formed in one place, and then got spread around to other places. In outer space in the medium between stars, we see molecules that are the building blocks of life. So it’s easy to get the building blocks of life to another planet. For example, if life formed on Mars, it could have come here to Earth, contaminated Earth, and then started life here.
Roughly 36 billion years ago, Mars was warm and wet, much like the conditions on Earth today.
Biologists believe that because Mars cooled more quickly than other planets, life may have developed there first.
PAUL DAVIES: Mars is a better candidate for life during the early part of the solar system. Mars rocks are coming here all the time, and these have been knocked off Mars by asteroid and comet impacts. And we know that they could convey any Martian microorganisms to Earth.
In August 1996, a team of scientists made a stunning announcement. A Martian meteorite found in Antarctica contained evidence of fossilized life. The four-pound rock, designated ALH 84001, showed the presence of carbonate globules excreted by microbes when they were alive on Mars 36 billion years ago.
Earth was no longer alone. Life had existed elsewhere in the universe.
DAVIES: So this cross-contamination between Mars and Earth, which 20 years ago was regarded as a rather wild conjecture, is now pretty much accepted by the astrobiology community. Astrobiologists studying the origin and evolution of life in the universe embraced the possibility that life on Earth began in outer space.
Did modern-day scientists finally prove what ancient cultures have believed for centuries?
BAUVAL: The common myth or idea that the origins of humankind is from the stars is widespread. Ancient cultures have The ancient Egyptians, the Mayans, the Aztecs, the Indians and so forth Uh, is intriguing, and it’s probably true. And I mean it from an astrophysical point of view. We do come from the stars.
It’s a fact that life on earth has been seeded by the coming of a comet containing the life matter.
SCHOCH: I personally suspect there is life out there. In fact, I believe that we have evidence if nothing else, microbial evidence, for life extraterrestrially.
But if life did land on Earth from outer space, was it by accident, or might it have been sent here on purpose? One mainstream scientist thought so.
British geneticist Francis Crick is best known for his collaboration with James Watson. Together, they unraveled the structure of human DNA in 1953.
Less than ten years later, they were awarded the Nobel Prize for their groundbreaking work in genetics. In the 1960s, Crick became a proponent of panspermia theory and took it to a whole new level with an idea he called directed panspermia.
GRAHAM HANCOCK: Francis Crick hypothesized that somewhere, perhaps on the other side of the galaxy, there had been a civilization of advanced intelligent beings. And they had found that their planet was going to be destroyed.
Perhaps a supernova was going to go off in their vicinity, and their planet would be sterilized of life.
And he asked himself, “What would an intelligent civilization do in that situation?” Um, well, first of all, they’d try to figure out if they could get out of there if they could actually preserve their lives and the lives of their descendants.
Perhaps crowd into spaceships and fly across interstellar space until they found a suitable planet to colonize. But could it actually be true? Could we really be the descendants of an alien race that traveled here from another world?
POPE: The ultimate implication of some exobiological theories is actually that we ourselves are extraterrestrials, that life on earth arose because the organic material was brought here from elsewhere.
BIRNES: What if we’re the ones, the descendants of those who came from another planet?
We weren’t created.
We were brought here, seeded planet Earth as a colony from some other planet. So we’re colonists of another race. And that’s why the aliens look like us.
SCHOCH: In my opinion, it’s not unscientific to consider the possibility of ancient astronauts, alien intervention. We live in a huge universe. Now, bacteria versus humanoids– one may say, that’s a big difference, but in some ways, it’s not a big difference. Where you have life, you have the ability for that life to develop into what we consider civilization or intelligent beings. Is it just a coincidence that modern science and ancient alien theory have come to the same conclusion: that life on Earth came from the stars?
And if it’s possible that billions of years ago, an extraterrestrial race spread out across space, how would they survive in their new home? Could they really be our missing link? For thousands of years, mankind has tried to depict alien beings who they believe came from the skies. Many of those creatures seem to share characteristics with humans.
They often have two arms, two legs, fingers and a head just like we do. Biologists refer to this basic body shape as bilateral symmetry.
MICHAEL DENNIN: Bilateral symmetry is, very simply, you divide something down the middle into two parts, and lateral means up and down, and the two sides are an exact reflection of each other. If you fold the thing in half, all the parts line up.
RUSSELL TUTTLE: Being bilaterally symmetric allows you to be streamlined and to develop a head end, so you become cephalized. And that certainly happened in vertebrates.
Virtually, the mouth at the end of something and then you get progressive development, and that seems to have led to many, many advances. (creatures chirping, chittering) DENNIN: So, when you look at it closely, you can see a lot of advantages coming in. Having the two arms and two legs to work together really gives you great mobility and balance and speed. Having eyes on two sides separated gives really improved vision in various ways.
Animals that are predominantly prey use their two eyes independently and get a huge field of view. Animals that are predominantly hunters have them more in the front and get really good depth perception, which you need if you’re gonna land on the animal you’re hunting.
If it is true that aliens resemble humans in their physical characteristics, might there also be genetic similarities? Could we even be related?
In 2003, the U.S. Government announced that the Human Genome Project had identified all of the nearly 25,000 genes in the human body. For the first time, scientists had a roadmap to the genetic make-up of humans.
In 2006, genetic researchers at the University of California at Santa Cruz discovered an area of the genome they called HAR1 that appears to be unique to humans. Scientists believe the HAR1 gene plays a critical role in the advanced development of the human brain and is a key element that sets us apart from other animals.
But where did it come from? Did humans develop this distinct gene naturally through evolution? Or did it land here from another planet? Francis Crick, the British scientist who helped discover the structure of DNA, believed that human genes could not have evolved by chance.
HANCOCK: Crick didn’t feel in that period of roughly formation of the planet down to the time when the planet could first support life, there was enough time for DNA to evolve by accident. It’s an enormously complicated molecule.
Crick gave this analogy: You would be more likely to assemble a fully functioning and flying a jumbo jet by passing a hurricane through a junkyard than you would be to assemble the DNA molecule by chance in any kind of primeval soup in five or six hundred million years. It’s just not possible.
But if this molecule could not have evolved accidentally, how was it created? Was it, as some believe, put there on purpose?
TSOUKALOS: The question should not be, do the extraterrestrials look like us or what do the extraterrestrials look like, but do we look like the extraterrestrials?
Because according to the ancient astronaut theory, a long, long time ago, extraterrestrials came here, and through a targeted mutation of our genes, we– quote, unquote– “became human.”
FIEBAG (translated): Possibly there is information in our DNA about whether human evolution was manipulated or not. The DNA is almost deciphered, yet we only understand five percent of the information it carries.
TSOUKALOS: Geneticists have determined that it only takes about five percent to clone a human being, and that that we have in our bodies is nothing more than what they refer to as “genetic junk.”
DENNIN: Why is everything there? And there’s probably parts of the DNA that don’t have an obvious current function. Maybe they’re left over from something that was used in the past, kind of like our appendix is left over.
Could this “genetic junk” hold the key to the evolution of humans? Some people suggest that decoding our DNA entirely will unlock startling information about our origins. But could it even prove that aliens played a role in our development thousands of years ago?
HANCOCK: If you hypothetically wanted to record an eternal message that could be decoded by a creature that had eventually evolved enough intelligence to decode it, the place to put that message would not be on some monument or in some text, which might be swept away, but actually on the DNA of the creature itself. (baby cooing) It’s recently been established that DNA is a recording medium of almost limitless power.
It would be technically possible to record the entire knowledge of a civilization on the DNA in our bodies. All you’d need is a way to access that information.
VON DANIKEN: I think we have something, the whole humanity, in our genes. Somewhere in our genes, it is coded that extraterrestrials were here thousands of years ago. But the questions persist: If aliens visited Earth tens of thousands of years ago how did they get here? When we look to the past for the answers, are we looking in the wrong place?
Should we actually look forward to our future? Scientists agree that the best chances of finding alien life will be on planets similar to ours, and descriptions of extraterrestrials seem to resemble humans in many ways. Some ancient astronaut theorists draw a surprising conclusion from these facts, suggesting that aliens might actually be human.
POPE: It is odd that many of the descriptions of aliens are effectively humanoid, and this raises an interesting possibility. One idea that’s been put forward is that, uh, these are not extraterrestrials at all, but they’re time travelers from the future.
NOORY: They could be us from a thousand, 2,000, 10,000 years from now. Let’s assume for a moment that planet if we all survive, that time travel was created. They’ve invented it. Just like the time machine of H.G. Wells’ day, they can go back, or they can go forward.
So let’s assume 10,000 years from now we decide to come back to see us. Maybe they have changed physically. They look like the alien grays or whoever they may be.
BIRNES: It could well be that ancient astronauts might not be creatures from other planets at all, but time travelers from 2720 in a time machine.
Time travel is an essential concept for science fiction, but would it be possible for flesh-and-blood humans to find a way to transport themselves through time with current technology? Would this enable us to cover the vast distances of space?
PAUL DAVIES: If I could travel close to the speed of light, I could reach the year Have to get very close to the speed of light for that, but it’s doable, and we know that this isn’t a theory, this is this is real physics– we could demonstrate these time-warping effects. So you can reach the future quicker by traveling close to the speed of light.
The concept of time travel was first proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905 when he published his Theory of Special Relativity.
DENNIN: Ancient astronaut theory says that astronauts visited us a long time ago from somewhere else. The technology involved in doing that, we would assume would be similar to what we understand now. I mean, we know special relativity is a law of physics.
It holds anywhere in the universe. Ancient astronauts that would come all the way here can travel these large distances and not age that much, relative to their home planet.
Because if you’re going close enough to the speed of light, you will have slowed down time enough that when you get back, hundreds, thousands, or even millions of years could have passed. One limitation to this method of travel is that because a spacecraft has mass, it theoretically cannot reach the exact speed of light.
The resulting reduction in velocity would then dramatically increase the amount of time needed to cross the vast universe.
NOORY: Well, there’s definitely many theories about how extraterrestrials got here, how their propulsion system got them to planet Earth. They’re surely not coming here the way we go out into space. They’d never get here. They are finding different ways. They have either developed a new form of propulsion, or they’re able to travel through– what I’ve always believed– wormholes throughout the universe. That would instantaneously put them here.
The idea of wormholes was first proposed in longtime collaborator Nathan Rosen. They began to explore the possibility that space and time could literally be bent to create a time travel shortcut.
DENNIN: Wormholes have not been detected. They are a postulated structure in space that involve actually taking– if you want to think of a sheet of paper– bending it in half and connecting the two pieces that you get together. A wormhole is thought to do something like that. Space gets warped, and it connects between two different parts of space. You know, there are predictions about what they would look like; there are theories about them, but we haven’t detected one yet.
You’re not actually ever traveling faster than the speed of light; you’re just cutting corners.
CHILDRESS: You don’t actually have to go light speed and travel for light-years to someplace. You literally go there through a wormhole and through hyperspace, and bang, you’re there.
DAVIES: If you can have a wormhole in space, then it can be turned, in principle, into a time machine. And so travel back in time as well as forward in time would then be possible.
The problem is: where do you get your wormhole? Uh, it’s not inconceivable that wormholes were made in the Big Bang, coughed out along with everything else, and there might be one out there in the universe we could harvest or adapt to form a time machine.
DENNIN: If you end up discovering that you could make wormholes, then that increases the range that you can explore in space and that increases the likelihood of having two civilizations at the same time with the right technology to communicate with each other. While theoretically possible, traveling through wormholes or at the speed of light is currently both economically and technically impossible for us here on Earth. Using modern propulsion methods, it would take 70,000 years to reach the nearest star.
DAVIES: Our fastest rockets are totally puny. It’s really pathetic. So we’re talking about luck. Any object that we can fire out into the solar system is going to take tens of thousands of years to reach the nearest star. Believe it or not, at 4. 6 billion yrs old, our solar system is one of the youngest in the universe.
But if civilizations exist in other galaxies, is it possible that they are more advanced than those on Earth? And if so, could they be ahead of us in their ability to travel through space and time?
CHILDRESS: For extraterrestrials to come here, through the vast reaches of space to our planet, they clearly have to have technology that’s way in advance of what we have today.
To go from solar system to solar system, rather than going warp speed, like in Star Trek, you really are going to travel, as they do in Star Wars, where you’re jumping through hyperspace. Going from a solar system to solar system is no time at all.
TSOUKALOS: Just because we can’t travel from star to star does not mean another more advanced society can’t do it either. I think that’s the height of human arrogance to say, “Just because we can’t do it, another more advanced civilization can’t do it either,” so, you know, we have to stop looking at us that we are the pinnacle of creation ’cause we’re not. Celestial beings. Visitors from the skies.
Deities descending from the heavens to interact with man. Could these worldwide stories be the foundation for the prevailing belief that something greater than ourselves, from beyond our world, created the universe as we know it? Almost all of the great world faiths are based on stories of celestial beings who visit Earth.
Many millions of people accept these legends as part of their core beliefs. And from the earliest cave drawings to images at Roswell, we see artists’ interpretations of extraterrestrials or gods coming to our planet.
YOUNG: In many traditions, there is something coming from above. There is a stairway to heaven or there’s a whirlwind or an angel descends. Sometimes the encounter is quite dangerous. As would be appropriate to something awesome and larger and more powerful than we are. Usually, it is memorable.
CHILDRESS: Many of the myths are much more specific and they really talk about gods physically coming to Earth– landing, doing miracles and showing the people how to live.
If visitors did come from the stars, is it possible that they actually changed the way ancient people thought?
Did they provide an intellectual spark to prehistoric civilizations? Could that be the reason why so many different cultures could build such large and lasting monuments?
NOORY: It’s almost as if the primitive man woke up one morning and went, “Hey, I’ve got this knowledge and I know how to make tools and I’m gonna go and build all these things.” Nah, I don’t think it happened that way. I think others came down to this planet and started teaching other people, uh, that were beginning to evolve.
But the one thing I truly do not believe is that modern cavemen at the time basically created all this knowledge out of thin air.
TSOUKALOS: All around the world, we have concise descriptions in ancient texts which say word for word that some beings came from the sky. So it’s as if this intellectual Big Bang or this Big Bang of knowledge occurred in various periods of time, and those various periods of time most concisely always correlate with some type of description of gods descending from the sky.
HANCOCK: I do think of that as a very significant before-and-after moment in the human story, and it is not a moment that is linked to physical evolution.bWe’ve already got the hardware. It’s as though something happened to our software around about that time, and I think it’s a very intriguing moment in the human story. For supporters of ancient alien theory, the verdict is already in.
They believe that aliens visited many of Earth’s earliest cultures thousands of years ago.
But is it possible? Are extraterrestrials responsible for the sacred creation myths of the first human civilizations?
Might they have tampered with our DNA? Are humans themselves aliens from another planet in the heavens or even from another time?
While man continues to search for these answers, the questions remain. If they came here, what was their mission? We call Earth home, but with perfect conditions for life, could it be a beacon, calling out to other intelligent civilizations that may exist in the universe?
CARGILL: I think there is life, simple life, bacterial life, microbial life on other planets. I think we’re going to find that. And who knows?
Maybe one day we’ll find some other planet that’s capable of sustaining life, that has evolved people over a long period of time, that are also looking up at the stars wondering: is there anybody else out there, are we the only ones?
HELDMANN: What bigger question could we ask about ourselves and our place in the universe? You know, is there life elsewhere in the universe, or are we it? I mean, I think it’s one of the most fascinating questions, and we’re fortunate enough to live in a time when we can address this question scientifically and really try and get at some answers.
NOORY: You can then come up with a conclusion that something, one, very strange is happening on this planet, and two, if it’s coming from outside of this system, then we’re being visited by something that has some intelligence behind it.
TSOUKALOS: In the end, the truth wins, and we’ve seen this in history, where scientific theories or ideas that have been deemed impossible turned out to be true, and so it is my firm conviction that the same will count for the ancient alien theory.
ROGUE AI MAY HAVE POPULATED ENTIRE GALAXIES, TURNING EVERY SOLAR SYSTEM INTO A COMPUTER
ROGUE AI MAY HAVE POPULATED ENTIRE GALAXIES, TURNING EVERY SOLAR SYSTEM INTO A COMPUTER
A new theory proposed by a theoretical physicist from the National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET) in Russia tries to explain why humans have not detected traces of alien life. The study proposes that advanced lifeforms that colonize the sats may destroy many species along the way. Furthermore, alien killer robots may have populated the entire supercluster with copies of itself, turning every solar system into a supercomputer, and destroying life along the way.
However, the destructive power of humanity could kill entire alien civilizations.
The universe is SO big; it’s hard to put it into perspective.
According to astronomers, there are 100 to 400 billion stars in the Milky Way and more than 100 billion galaxies in the Universe – some say there may be as many as 500 billion, which means there are around 50,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 (5×1022) habitable planets. That’s of course if there’s just ONE universe.
If you multiply stars by galaxies, at the low end, you get 10 billion, billion stars, or 10 sextillion stars in the Universe–a one followed by 22 zeros.
At the high end, it’s 200 sextillions.
Just inside our Milky Way Galaxy experts believe are some 400 BILLION STARS, but this number may seem small as some astrophysicists believe that stars in our galaxy could figure the TRILLION.
This means that the Milky Way alone could be home to more than 100 BILLION planets. So, where the heck is everybody?
This question leads us to the so-called Fermi Paradox, a scientific mystery which questions why we’ve not come across alien life if there are billions of stars in our galaxy and many more outside of it.
Generations of scientist have tired answering this mystery since the paradox was formulated.
Some believe aliens may be hibernating, some have argued that something mysterious is keeping them from evolving, while others suggest humans are too insignificant for aliens to make contact.
However, a theoretical physicist from the National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET) in Russia has come up with another explanation as to why we haven’t come across our cosmic neighbors, and he calls it the “First in, last out” solution to the Fermi Paradox.
Professor Alexander Berezin’s study, which has still to be peer-reviewed explains how the paradox has a “trivial solution, requiring no controversial assumptions” but may prove “hard to accept, as it predicts a future for our own civilization that is even worse than extinction.”
Professor Berezin explains that all this time, we’ve been defining alien life too narrowly. And he may be right.
“The specific nature of civilizations arising to interstellar level should not matter,” he writes.
“They might [be] biological organisms like ourselves, rogue AIs that rebelled against their creators, or distributed planet-scale minds like those described by Stanislaw Lem in Solaris.”
But even with such a wide scope, there’s still no signs of anyone. (officially But, Berezin explains that the only parameter we should be worried about is the physical threshold at which we can observe its existence.
In the paper published in arXiv, Berezin explains that: “The only variable we can objectively measure is the probability of life becoming detectable from outer space within a certain range from Earth,” Berezin explains.
“For simplicity let us call it ‘parameter A’.”
Berezin’s paper actually puts things down nicely and helps us understand alien life and why we haven’t come across it.
If alien civilizations do not reach parameter A, either by developing interstellar travel, managing to broadcast communication across space, or by any other means, it may still exist, but it will not help us solve the paradox.
The “First in, First Out” solution proposed by Berezin is a grim scenario.
“What if the first life that reaches interstellar travel capability necessarily eradicates all competition to fuel its own expansion?” he hypothesizes.
This, however, does not necessarily mean that an extremely advanced alien civilization would consciously wipe out other lifeforms, but simply put, they may not even notice they are actually there.
“They simply won’t notice, the same way a construction crew demolishes an anthill to build real estate because they lack the incentive to protect it,” writes Berezin.
But Berezin does not suggest we are the ants. We may actually be the future destroyer of the worlds we are looking for. Take Mars as one example.
“Assuming the theory above is accurate, what does it mean for our future?” Berezin writes.
“The only solution is the invocation of the anthropic principle. We are the first to arrive at the [interstellar] stage. And, most likely, will be the last to leave.”
In the paper, Berezin also mentions the dangers of AI, untethered by constraints of its accumulation of power.
“One rogue AI can possibly populate the entire supercluster with copies of itself, turning every solar system into a supercomputer, and there is no use asking why it would do that,” Berezin writes.
Leaked Military Report: UFO ‘Rendezvoused’ With Something Big Under Ocean
Leaked Military Report: UFO ‘Rendezvoused’ With Something Big Under Ocean
An in-depth government report “prepared by and for the military” and obtained by a Nevada newsroom, details a 2004 incident involving an alleged “UFO” sighting recorded by the US military off California’s coast 14 years ago. Dubbed the “Tic Tac” incident, the unidentified flying object “rendezvouses” with a huge underwater object.
So named for the white, fast-moving, mint-shaped object that was involved, the video’s release made waves last year when it was first revealed by the New York Times. Over the course of two weeks in 2004, a 13.7-meter-long (45-foot-long) Anomalous Aerial Vehicle (AAV) defined as “aerodynamic” with “no visible means to generate lift” was detected by US naval ships in short glimpses.
According to IFLScience, based on the recently leaked report, the undated document suggests there may have been something in the water as well. F-18 aircraft were called into the area after the USS Princeton wasn’t able to lock on to the AAV (Anomalous Ariel Vehicle.) The report details the moment a pilot noticed a disturbance under the surface of the water resembling a “barely submerged reef or island”. As the pilot flew away, the object reportedly disturbed the water underneath it in “frothy waves and foam” resembling water that was “boiling.” The unidentified flying “Tic Tac” object was potentially rendezvousing with the massive underwater one, according to the report.
Earlier this year, the Department of Defense released three separate videos showing an encounter between a Navy fighter jet and an unknown object. For years, the department’s Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program was kept secret until last year when the Pentagon announced its then-defunct program never gained evidence of alien life visiting Earth.
“The AAVs would descend ‘very rapidly’ from approximately 60,000 feet down to approximately 50 feet in a matter of seconds,” the report noted. Pilots also indicated there may have been something in the water as well. One pilot detailed a disturbance up to the size of a football field: “The disturbance appeared to be 50 to 100 meters in diameter and close to round. It was the only area and type of whitewater activity that could be seen and reminded him of images of something rapidly submerging from the surface like a submarine or a ship sinking.”
A submarine in the vicinity did not detect anything unusual underwater. If an object was indeed in the Pacific Ocean, “it would represent a highly advanced capability given the advanced capability of our sensors.”
Human beings across the world look up at the stars and are amazed by the vastness of space, but only a few lucky members of our species have ever had the privilege of looking down at our planet from the cosmos.
Human beings are also fascinated by making things bigger, better, faster and more impressive (with the exception of technology, which tends to work on the “smaller, better, faster” mantra).
These two common truths of humanity lead us to wonder… can those lucky individuals who get shot into space ever look back at their home planet and see something made by human hands?
The answer? YES… but some of the man-made objects that can be seen from space may surprise you…
The Great Myth of the Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China, a massive formation that arcs around the southern edge of Inner Mongolia, stretches for more than 13,000 miles (including all of its branches and offshoots), and the oldest parts of the wall date back more than 2,200 years. For centuries, it was considered the largest manmade structure, and since human beings first entered space, the Great Wall has earned a number of titles. These include, the only object visible from space, and the only object visible from the moon.
The Great Wall of China
(Photo Credit: powerstock / Fotolia)
However, as it turns out, both of these claims are false. “Space” is a rather general term, and encompasses everything from the “Low-Earth orbit” (where the ISS orbits our planet, and is defined as being 100-1,200 miles from the surface) to the most distant reaches of the universe – roughly 46.5 billion light-years away.
Even from Low-Earth orbit, the Great Wall is “barely visible” according to most astronauts that have tried to take a peek, and it can only be seen under clear, perfect weather conditions. The color of the wall is mostly brown and tan, which blends in remarkably well with the surrounding environment. The ISS typically orbits at a height of about 350 km above Earth’s surface, and if the Great Wall is barely visible from that height, then it would obviously be impossible to see from the moon, which is more than 230,000 miles away from our planet.
Low-Earth Orbit vs. Geostationary orbit
(Photo Credit: Pics-about-space.com)
Furthermore, there are many other things made by human hands that can be seen from space….
The Great (and not-so-great) Structures of Earth
Cities at Night – The sprawl of human cities is incredibly large – New York metropolitan area covers more than 8,600 sq. km – and for those cities that never sleep, the light they give off at night is enormous. While astronauts may not be able to point out New York, Tokyo, or Sao Paulo during the day, the intense radiant lights of these cities at night is clearly visible from space. The images that have been captured from space (again, at relatively low altitudes, less than 1,000 miles from the surface) are stunningly beautiful, but also a sign of how much electricity and energy is being used every single day to light out metropolises.
The US City Lights at Night
(Photo Credit: Gianluca D.Muscelli / Fotolia)
Desert Roads – These objects aren’t the most exciting or visually stimulating, but they are extremely long, and typically cut through spaces that are untouched by the organizing hand of human beings. Therefore, from Low-Earth orbit, astronauts can clearly see the geometrically perfect lines of human roads as they slice through the natural forms and patternless wilderness of a desert. Next time you’re on a hundred-mile stretch of empty desert road on the way to the American west, just remember that your boring highway can be seen by the lonely souls of the ISS.
Photo Credit : Flickr
Pyramids of Giza – There are a few caveats to the title of “visible from space”, one of which is whether an object can be seen without a high-powered lens or magnifying camera. The Pyramids of Giza, which were built more than 4,500 years ago, can be seen from space, but it’s very difficult with the naked eye. High-powered cameras have been responsible for most of the shots of the Pyramids that we’ve seen from the ISS. Again, the definition of “space” comes into play here, because while the ISS orbits quite low, most of our communication satellites are more than 100x further away, and from there, the pyramids would be impossible to see.
This Would Explain a Lot….
(Photo Credit: fredmantel / Fotolia)
Dubai’s Islands – Most people think of Dubai as the modern playground of the rich and famous, which is largely true. In fact, this hyper-exclusive nation even built a series of artificial islands. There are two massive ones in the shape of a palm tree (aptly named Palm Island), and another section called World Islands, composed of roughly 300 islands that resemble a map of the globe. Palm Island encompasses about 100,000 cubic meters of space, and is the largest artificial island on Earth. Astronauts have been snapping pictures of Palm Island since construction finished in 2006.
Sometimes, you need to build an island
(Photo Credit: Naeblys / Fotolia)
Spanish Greenhouses – Tucked into 64,000 acres on the southern coast of Spain are the legendary greenhouses of Almeira. This tight cluster of plastic greenhouses brings in more than $1.5 billion to the Spanish economy, thanks to their prolific vegetable production. This tightly packed cluster of white-topped greenhouses can be spotted from space!
That’s a lot of greenhouses…
(Photo Credit: Hortidaily.com)
Bridges – The vast stretches of blue water are rather easy to spot from space, particularly around well-known geographic spots, such as recognizable coastlines. When an astronaut peers down from his heavenly vantage point, spying a bridge in the midst of those blue patches isn’t all that difficult. Bridges on land, or crossing smaller bodies of water, is much more difficult, but huge bridges, like the Bang Na Expressway in Thailand, can be seen from Low-Earth orbit.
Photo Credit : Wikipedia
Kennecott Copper Mine – Southwest of Salt Lake City, Utah in the United States, lies an incredibly large hole that can be seen from space – the Kennecott Copper Mine. Known as the world’s largest manmade excavation, it is more than half a mile deep and 2.5 miles wide, and covers a space of roughly 1,900 acres. It has been in operation since 1906, and shows no sign of slowing down, so this particular manmade structure visible from space is only going to keep getting larger!
The Kennecott Copper Mine
(Photo Credit: Gary Whitton / Fotolia)
As you can see, our planet has quite a few manmade objects and areas that can be viewed from “space”. However, remember that most of this visibility is only possible from Low-Earth orbit, and typically under very good conditions, and often with the aid of a high-zoom lens. Our bold and innovative species will almost certainly add to this list in the future, but for now, it’s a rather exclusive club.
Just remember, if anyone tries to tell you that something is visible from the moon… they’re severely misinformed!
Man Made Structures Visible From Space – Wikipedia
Fly Along on a Virgin Galactic Test Flight in This Awesome Video
Fly Along on a Virgin Galactic Test Flight in This Awesome Video
By Mike Wall, Space.com Senior Writer
Hold on to your butts. A new video lets you fly along on the second rocket-powered flight of Virgin Galactic's VSS Unity space plane, and the view is amazing.
The 2.5-minute video. which you can see above, chronicles yesterday's (May 29) test flight over California's Mojave Desert from takeoff to landing. It features gorgeous shots of Unity rocketing upward atop a tail of bright-orange flame and takes you inside the cockpit, showing pilots Dave Mackay and Mark "Forger" Stucky flipping switches and pressing buttons.
Unity is Virgin's latest SpaceShipTwo vehicle, a two-pilot, six-passenger craft designed to take paying customers and scientific experiments to suborbital space and back. SpaceShipTwo is hauled aloft by a carrier plane known as WhiteKnightTwo and dropped at an altitude of about 50,000 feet (15,000 meters), at which point the space plane fires up its onboard rocket motor. [Virgin Galactic's VSS Unity Spaceliner in Pictures]
Like NASA's now-retired space shuttle orbiters, SpaceShipTwo vehicles end their missions with a runway landing.
Unity has now completed 13 test flights since its February 2016 unveiling. Four have been "captive-carry" missions in which the vehicle stayed attached to WhiteKnightTwo, seven have been unpowered "glide flights" and two have engaged Unity's rocket engine.
Yesterday's flight came about seven weeks after Unity's first powered test, which took place April 5. During yesterday's mission, Unity fired its engine for 31 seconds, topped out at about 1.9 times the speed of sound and reached a maximum altitude of 114,500 feet (34,900 m), Virgin Galactic representatives said.
If all continues to go well during the test campaign, VSS Unity could begin operational flights sometime this year. Virgin Galactic founder Sir Richard Branson has said he will be on the first commercial flight of the vehicle. (Tickets to ride the space plane currently sell for $250,000 apiece.)
Unity is Virgin Galactic's second SpaceShipTwo vehicle. The first, VSS Enterprise, broke apart during a powered test flight on Oct. 31, 2014. The accident killed co-pilot Michael Alsbury and seriously injured pilot Peter Siebold.
Investigators determined that the accident occurred because Alsbury unlocked Enterprise's "feathering" descent system too early in the flight, and faulted the vehicle's design for allowing this to happen. Unity's design was modified to address this issue, Virgin Galactic representatives have said.
NASA’s front man admits the existence of Area 51 and extraterrestrial life
NASA’s front man admits the existence of Area 51 and extraterrestrial life
The front of NASA verified the fact that there is extraterrestrial life, but aliens are not secluded in Area 51.
NASA administrator, Major Charles Bolden, told British schoolchildren that he believes scientists could find life outside the borders of Earth.
He was asked by a 10 year old girl if he believes in aliens and he replied that he does believe in the fact that humankind is able to find another form of life outside our solar system.
He said: “Today we know that there are literally thousands, if not millions of other planets, many of which may be very similar to our own earth. So some of us, many of us believe that we’re going to find evidence that there is life elsewhere in the universe.”
Major Bolden also confessed Area 51 truly exists, but that it is not the location where US government hides aliens. Instead, he described this area as a place for research and advancement only.
Area 51 was always a place that was kept as a secret, even though everyone knew about it, and fed the creativity of conspiracy theorists and UFO believers all around the world.
The Central Intelligence Agency in 2013 declared the precise area in Nevada, near Groom Lake, in the records discharged as a part of a Freedom of Information request.
There records portray how this place was used in the Second World War as aeronautical artillery for the Army Air Corp pilots.
Later, President Dwight Eisenhower approved this segment of wilderness, known by its map classification as Area 51, to the Atomic Energy Commissions Nevada test site and training range.
Major Bolden also cited that one of the reasons why men haven’t stepped foot on Mars is the deficiency of suitable toilet facilities.
NASA has its hopes for finally sending humans to Mars in 2030 if they manage to beat their technological barriers.
However, their objective is not landing, but doing orbital mission like the first time they went to the Moon. The arguments justifying this are that they have to get ready the Martian surface for human residence first.
“We’re not going to send humans down to the surface of Mars to build the habitats, the houses; we’re probably going to use robots.
“Our technical abilities are not what we want it to be now. We need better life support systems, we need a toilet that’s not going to break on the way there, then when we get to the Martian surface we need (a toilet) that’s going to work over and over again. Toilets are a big deal.” – said Mr. Bolden.
Mr. Bolden also talked about the conspiracy theories which say the famous Moon landing was a hoax. He said that it’s understandable people to have lack of faith, but he, himself, doesn’t have doubts that they really went there and that they are going to go Mars in short time too.
A rock star mustered a team of credentialed experts to put mysterious incidents on your radar. But does Tom DeLonge really have the goods? (Heads of State illustration for The Washington Post)
At the turn of the millennium, Blink-182 was everywhere. On the cover of the pop-punk band’s smash album, “Enema of the State,” a busty nurse with a lustful grin snapped on a latex glove. At MTV beach concerts, sunburned masses moshed to the No. 1 hit “All the Small Things.” But frontman Tom DeLonge — the one with the angsty, adolescent singing voice — had been nurturing an offstage hobby that was decidedly out of the mainstream.
Tom DeLonge in 2015.
(Vivien Killilea/Getty Images for SiriusXM)
With his first record-deal payout as a fledgling teenage rock star, DeLonge had bought a computer to research the prospect of intelligent life beyond Earth. And after Blink-182 made him a fortune, he further indulged his fascination with the paranormal.
He co-wrote a 700-page novel about UFOs.
He brainstormed a film about skateboarders who become paranormal detectives.
He produced websites buzzing with stories about Bigfoot and disintegrating mummies.
Now in his early 40s, with his music career cooled but his financial resources apparently intact, DeLonge has channeled those bizarre passions into his next act.
You’ve seen it without knowing it. Remember that wild news in December about a secret Pentagon UFO program? And those grainy military videos showing radar images of unexplained phenomena — white, Tic-Tac-shaped objects that appear to fly at remarkable speeds, at impossible angles, without wings or exhaust?
Tom DeLonge helped ring the alarm about those things, as part of his new business venture: To the Stars Academy of Arts and Science. For his advisory board, DeLonge recruited physicists, aerospace experts and former Department of Defense officials, who have been talking publicly about UFOs and arguing that the government has failed to fully investigate them.
In the past six months, DeLonge’s associates have appeared on CNN and Fox News, written for The Washington Post and been cited in the New York Times — usually in the context of those eerie videos.
Blink-182’s 1999 hit “All the Small Things,” via YouTube
Rich men have the luxury of looking to the stars for investment and wish fulfillment. SpaceX founder Elon Musk wants to colonize Mars. Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen wants to make interplanetary travel cheap and routine. Amazon chief executive Jeffrey P. Bezos, who owns The Washington Post, envisions moving industry off Earth and shipping products down from space.
Tom DeLonge says he wants to build “a perpetual funding machine” to investigate UFOs and thereby advance our own species.
At a launch event for To the Stars Academy in Seattle last fall, he explained that he was expanding his small entertainment venture — which has mostly published his graphic novels and books about UFOs and the paranormal — into a far more ambitious scientific operation, to explore “the most controversial secret on Earth.”
DeLonge, who was unavailable for comment, explained at the launch that he had used his fame to meet with the keepers of that secret, in “clandestine encounters” in “desert airports” and “vacant buildings deep within Washington, D.C.”
Some of those people sat behind DeLonge onstage, including former intelligence officer Luis Elizondo, the former director of a hush-hush UFO program at the Pentagon.
Footage shows encounter between U.S. navy jet and unknown aircraft
Footage shows an encounter between U.S. fighter jets and “anomalous aerial vehicles.”(To The Stars Academy of Arts and Science)
“The phenomenon is indeed real,” Elizondo said when it was his turn to speak. Just days before, the 22-year Defense Department veteran had submitted a resignation letter to the Pentagon, citing its disregard of “overwhelming evidence” that unexplained phenomena have been interfering with the U.S. military.
Elizondo had overseen the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program, quietly created in 2007 by then-Senate Majority Leader Harry M. Reid (D-Nev.) with the encouragement of a reclusive Nevada billionaire named Robert Bigelow. Like DeLonge, Bigelow made his fortune through earthly pursuits (real estate) but was fascinated by the otherworldly; he had funded research into crop and cattle mutilations. After he got Reid’s attention, Bigelow’s aerospace company then won the $22 million contract to run the Pentagon’s secret program, as first reported by the New York Times late last year. (Reid and Bigelow did not respond to requests for comment.)
Despite its peculiar mandate, Bigelow Aerospace’s output was typical of federal bureaucracy: It produced paper. There was a 490-page report on alleged UFO sightings, and a series of studies on experimental physics. One study written for the Defense Intelligence Agency (“Traversable Wormholes, Stargates, and Negative Energy”) urged federal research into interstellar travel and was illustrated with a childish drawing of a dinosaur greeting Albert Einstein through a hole in the space-time continuum.
But the secret program’s collection of weird military videos was what made headlines, starting with the December New York Times article. Whatever is in the videos “isn’t human, it’s not natural, it’s under artificial control,” says Eric W. Davis, the astrophysicist who wrote the study on wormholes and stargates. “We don’t know where it comes from. But it’s here, and has been here for some time.”
Davis, who works for a Bigelow subcontractor called Earthtech International, is but one player in the web of UFO enthusiasts who are interconnected by the secret Pentagon program and To the Stars Academy. There is also Earthtech’s chief executive, Stanford-trained physicist Harold Puthoff, who once devoted serious study to the work of self-described “mystifier” Uri Geller, the 1970s “Tonight Show” guest who claimed he could bend spoons with his mind.
When Puthoff heard about DeLonge’s interest in extraterrestrial phenomena, he reached out — and, like Elizondo, ended up with a new job after Pentagon funding for UFO research dried up. He’s now vice president for science and technology for To the Stars. Elizondo is its director of global security and special programs.
Elizondo and Puthoff were among the key voices quoted in the blockbuster front-page Times article that revealed the covert existence of the Pentagon’s UFO program. The story drew millions of readers online, with the videos of flying shapes and incredulous pilots murmuring “My gosh!” and “Look at that thing!”
Though DeLonge’s new venture got a nod in the article, the rock star himself was not mentioned. Nonetheless, To the Stars was ready for its moment.
“STUNNING NEW YORK TIMES FRONT PAGE EXPOSE” the company declared in a news release. The homepage of its new website featured a button labeled “INVEST.”
"What if people knew that these were real?" DeLonge sang on the 1999 track "Aliens Exist." In fact, most Americans believe in extraterrestrial life. Still, the subject carries the odor of crazy, so the recent news coverage of the videos was "huge," says Jan Harzan, director of the Mutual UFO Network, a group that investigates sightings.
“Basically, it made UFOs go mainstream,” Harzan says. “UFOs are real. And it represents advanced technology in our skies. If we want to advance as a civilization, this is something we have to focus on.”
The 2004 video highlighted by the Times is a touchstone for To the Stars, which put out its own report that, with its blacked-out passages, resembled a declassified government document. The report described how the unidentified object off the coast of California moved "in a manner that seemed to defy the laws of flight physics" and how the F/A-18 pilots, greeted upon their return by TVs playing "Men in Black" and "The X-Files," felt their observations were not taken seriously. One pilot, furious at the ridicule, sent detailed notes to an aunt. "Keep this because this is important stuff," the pilot wrote.
Yet the report from To the Stars is not a government document, according to a Pentagon spokesperson. Dated Sept. 7, 2017, it was created 13 years after that UFO incident, as To the Stars geared up to court investors.
Jill Tarter, of the SETI Institute in Mountain View, Calif., in 2011.
(Marcio Jose Sanchez/AP)
The Times article cited Bigelow and Puthoff, whose interest in the paranormal is no secret. Tarter says Bigelow once pitched SETI on a project to investigate alien sightings and offered to fund it.
“It’s hard to walk away from money,” Tarter says, but Bigelow “was so very convinced that we have been visited, and I couldn’t find it credible, and he didn’t offer any evidence.”
And the article, co-written by two Times veterans, also gave a byline to freelancer Leslie Kean. The author of books on UFOs and the afterlife (which received blurbs of praise from Puthoff), Kean had previously been given an exclusive on the To the Stars launch for a laudatory HuffPost article about DeLonge’s start-up: “Inside Knowledge About Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Could Lead To World-Changing Technology.”
“I just hope they have success,” Kean later told Open Minds UFO Radio. “I think what Tom [DeLonge] has done is extraordinary.” (Kean and the Times declined to comment.)
On its website, To the Stars bills the UFO videos as “the first official evidence” of “unidentified aerial phenomena” (while promising “THIS IS ONLY THE BEGINNING”). But an online community of skeptics has swarmed the videos, noting that the “glowing aura” in one video resembles a common infrared effect caused when a hot object, such as a jet engine, is seen against a cold background, such as high-altitude clouds.
“DeLonge had been promising so much for such a long time” and “people were either becoming very cynical or gathering a sense of real expectation,” says Robert Sheaffer, a former Silicon Valley engineer and former chairman of the Bay Area Skeptics. Now, he says, To the Stars has simply put forward a “a couple more blurry videos that are similar to the blurry videos we’ve had before this.”
The latest blurry video, released by To the Stars in March, features a blip zooming at low altitude off the East Coast in 2015. Some debunkers reasoned that it was a big, slow-moving bird that looked fast only because of the angle and movement of the observing jet.
Watch: Military jet video tracks high-speed UFO
(To the Stars Academy of Arts & Science)
An official with the Defense Intelligence Agency maintains that the hype over the secret Pentagon UFO program is misleading.
“Some out there seem to be making this into more than it really is,” said the official, who was granted anonymity because he was not authorized to speak publicly. The program, he said, was not created to investigate unearthly technology but simply to prepare for aerospace advances by foreign adversaries — and was shuttered in 2012 because “there was limited value in what was produced.”
But that, argues Christopher Mellon, is exactly the problem.
Mellon, a former deputy assistant secretary of defense under Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, is another adviser to DeLonge’s team. Mellon says there have been numerous other incidents along the East Coast in which unidentified flying objects have apparently penetrated U.S. defenses. There are more videos yet to be shared, he says, and “hard technical data corroborated by no-nonsense military personnel.”
Are these things Russian? Chinese? Or from some alien civilization? Whatever they are, the government has not been taking it seriously enough, Mellon argues. (The Pentagon declined to comment.) The situation reminds him of the muddled period before the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
“Instead of being intrigued or even electrified by worrisome data,” he says, “various agencies and departments are failing to share information or take action.”
Tom DeLonge performing with Blink-182 in Las Vegas in 2011.
(Ethan Miller/Getty Images)
This is why Mellon, Elizondo and other credentialed individuals with advanced degrees and decades of high-clearance government service have attached their reputations to a semiretired rock star with a sideline in paranormal fiction. At least someone, they argue, is taking their concerns seriously.
“I think people look at him as a rock-’n’-roller turned pseudo-scientist,” says Elizondo, “but once you get to know who he is, Tom is more of a scientist who happens to be a talented musician.” His endeavor “is about telling the American people the truth.”
For Elizondo, transparency on this issue is paramount. “We trust the American people to know that Kim Jong Un has thermonuclear weapons pointed at L.A.,” he says. “We trust the American people to know there’s a potential Ebola pandemic that could come out of Africa. And yet we don’t trust the American people with information that there is unidentified phenomena in our airspace, and that we don’t know how it works?”
DeLonge’s goals, though, reach beyond national security. To the Stars promises to develop “next-generation” concepts for propulsion in space, according to its prospectus, and harness “warp drive metrics” and telepathic powers.
There is also a somewhat mystical mission: “to present a positive and unifying message to all generations, in every country, in every belief system, that the growth of consciousness that we all desire can start here, right now,” DeLonge said at his October launch.
It seems to be getting off to a slow start. As of mid-March, To the Stars had raised $2.5 million from a few thousand investors — not quite enough to achieve faster-than-light travel or to solve whatever mystery is unfolding in the skies. DeLonge lent To the Stars $600,000 to get off the ground, and the company is required to pay him $100,000 in yearly royalty fees.
For now, To the Stars’ only deliverables are DeLonge’s novels, some branded coffee mugs and clothing, and swag from his current rock band, Angels and Airwaves. The latest news from the company was an April 3 news release touting the upcoming sequel to DeLonge’s novel “Sekret Machines.” The release hyped Elizondo and Mellon’s involvement in the company, lending a dash of national-security authority to a niche-market entertainment product. The novel is about explorers who “locate an ancient tablet that may hold the answers to humanity’s greatest question”: Are we alone in the universe?
The novel — “based on actual events” — is available in September, starting at $24.95.
WETENSCHAP & PLANEETHet leven herstelde zich relatief snel op de plaats waar 66 miljoen jaar geleden de meteorietinslag plaatsvond die de dinosaurussen fataal werd. Dat blijkt uit boringen tot 1.300 meter diep in de Chicxulubkrater voor de kust van het Mexicaanse schiereiland Yucatan. Het onderzoek gebeurde door een internationaal team van wetenschappers, onder wie professor Philippe Claeys van de VUB.
De meteoriet van zo’n 10 tot 20 kilometer doorsnede veroorzaakte een krater van meer dan 200 kilometer diameter. Stof, roet en steengruis kwam terecht in de atmosfeer, waardoor de plantengroei stokte en ongeveer 75 procent van alle diersoorten van de aardbodem verdween.
Bij de botsing kwam naar schatting 100 biljoen ton TNT energie vrij, zeven miljard keer meer dan bij de atoombom op Hiroshima. En toch dook al na twee tot drie jaar weer leven op in de buurt, schrijven de wetenschappers in vaktijdschrift Nature. Na 30.000 jaar had de natuur er zich helemaal hersteld, weliswaar met andere soorten dan voor de inslag.
Naar geologische en zelfs biologische normen kwam dat herstel erg snel. “Wellicht had dat onder meer te maken met de vorm van de krater”, denkt co-auteur Philippe Claeys, die aan het hoofd staat van de Analytical, Environmental &Geo-Chemistry-onderzoeksgroep (AMGC) van de VUB.
“De inslag veroorzaakte een krater met een diameter van meer dan 200 kilometer, met centraal een puinkegel die hoger was dan de kraterwanden. Op die centrale afgevlakte kegel konden de sedimenten heel traag en regelmatig afgezet worden door de omringende zee, wat leidde tot een prachtig en zeer interessant geologisch profiel. Het is in dat profiel dat we nu microfossielen hebben aangetroffen die aangeven dat het leven zich kort na de inslag alweer in de krater aan het vestigen was. Ook in die tijd was de biodiversiteit in de Golf van Mexico, waar de Chicxulubkrater zich bevindt, al erg groot, zoals nu eigenlijk. Alleen het zeeniveau was er veel hoger dan vandaag.”
Het snelle herstel is een verrassing. De hypothese is dat het meestal veel langer duurt eer de biodiversiteit hersteld is, in de diepe oceaan zelfs tot 500.000 jaar. Bij de meteorietinslag werden naar schatting 90 procent van de dieren met een kalkskelet in de omgeving van het inslagpunt gedood, op korte termijn door de impact zelf en op langere termijn omdat de pH van het oppervlaktewater van de oceanen substantieel veranderde door zure regen, als resultaat van de grote uitstoot van zwavel in de atmosfeer.
Toch zijn het precies de micro-organismen met kalkskelet die als eerste de krater herkoloniseerden. “We zien een omslag van de soorten: de soorten van voor de inslag komen niet of nauwelijks terug en zijn vervangen door andere soorten, die we van andere plekken op de planeet kennen. Waarschijnlijk is het snelle herstel te wijten aan verschillende gunstige factoren”, denkt Claeys. “Het ondiepe zeewater na de inslag laat er veel licht toe en de vorm van de krater zorgt voor veel beschutting. De geologische structuur, met een rustige sedimentatie, laat bovendien toe om veel micro-organismen in de boorkernen terug te vinden.”
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UFO’s probeerden bij reusachtig onderwaterobject te komen. Nieuwe schokkende details naar buiten
UFO’s probeerden bij reusachtig onderwaterobject te komen. Nieuwe schokkende details naar buiten
Er blijven details naar buiten komen over UFO’s die 14 jaar geleden voor de kust van Californië zijn waargenomen door het Amerikaanse leger.
De New York Times en Washington Post berichtten eind vorig jaar over het incident.
Uit een document dat in 2009 door het leger is opgesteld blijkt dat er meerdere interacties zijn geweest met zogeheten anomalous aerial vehicles (AAVs) oftewel UFO’s.
Deze objecten waren in staat om in enkele seconden kilometers te dalen, aldus het document.
Volgens piloten bevond zich mogelijk ook iets in het water. Eén piloot beschreef iets ter grootte van een voetbalveld.
“De onregelmatigheid had een doorsnee van 50 tot 100 meter en was cirkelvormig,” klonk het. “Het leek alsof iets heel snel onder water verdween, zoals een onderzeeër of een zinkend schip.”
Het leek op ondiep water rond een eiland of een rif, maar toen de piloot wegvloog zag hij dat de onregelmatigheid was verdwenen en dat het water weer rustig was geworden.
Hoewel hij het object nooit heeft gezien, wordt in het document gesteld dat de onregelmatigheid kan zijn veroorzaakt door zo’n AAV, die niet kon worden gezien omdat hij gecamoufleerd was of onzichtbaar was voor het menselijk oog.
Een andere piloot zag onder het wateroppervlak een AAV die schuimende golven voortbracht, alsof het water aan de kook werd gebracht.
Een onderzeeër die in de buurt was zag niets vreemds op de radar. Als het object zich daadwerkelijk in de oceaan bevond, moet het zeer geavanceerd zijn geweest, aldus het rapport.
Een vliegbemanning die melding maakte van het incident werd belachelijk gemaakt, valt in het stuk te lezen.
In years to come, UFO researchers may look back upon the Pentagon revelations over the last year as a turning point in government disclosure. Of course, it could also likely be that these are a clever smokescreen, a ruse, or a distraction intended to mislead the public as usual. Whatever the case may be, it seems that the government is taking an interest, at least on paper, in some of the higher mysteries of our physical reality. A trove of documents obtained by CBS affiliate KLAS-TV in Las Vegas have revealed that the Pentagon’s $22 million UFO program researched not only anomalous aerial phenomenon, but warp engines, dark energies, and exploring other dimensions.
It doesn’t stop there, it seems. In a page seemingly taken out ofThe X-Filesgreatest hits, a spokesperson for one of the Pentagon-funded research programs suggests that the government took an interest in a whole range of paranormal phenomena unrelated to space travel altogether. The statement was issued by a representative of Bigelow Aerospace Advanced Space Studies (BAASS), a secretive aerospace firmheaded by conspiracy-theory-target Robert Bigelow, a recurring figure in UFO and shadowy government research lore. According to the statement, KLAS-TV reports, the research project touched upon a wide range of mysteries:
The investigations by BAASS provided new lines of evidence showing that the UFO phenomenon was a lot more than nuts and bolts machines that interacted with military aircraft. The phenomenon also involved a whole panoply of diverse activity that included bizarre creatures, poltergeist activity, invisible entities, orbs of light, animal and human injuries and much more.
The statement also says that BAASS believes “the UFO phenomenon was capable of manipulating and distorting human perception,” and that the human body can serve “as a readout system for dissecting interactions with the UFO phenomenon.” Placing the word “dissecting” alongside the human body is a bit disconcerting, but macabre wordplay aside, the statement seems to suggest that a wide range of experimental psychological or medical research on human eyewitnesses could have been involved in this project.
Do we really want to know how deep this rabbit hole goes? After all, it might go nowhere at all. Is this all a distraction intended to discredit the serious study of anomalous aerial phenomena, or might there be some truth hidden in these reports after all?
It might sound like the tagline from an old science fiction B-movie (It Came from the Ant Nebula!), but as it turns out, there really is a powerful laser beam shooting out of the distant Ant Nebula some 8,000 light-years away. Is this an attempt at intergalactic communication, or is some strange and unknown natural phenomenon afoot?
The Ant Nebula
Probably the latter. Although would we really be able to tell the two apart? The anomalous laser from the Ant Nebula was discovered by the European Space Agency (ESA) at the Herschel space observatory, one of the largest infrared telescopes in space. Recent observations conducted by Herschel have revealed an intense laser emission coming straight from the core of the nebula, and scientists aren’t quite sure exactly what is producing the beam.
There are a few extremely rare phenomena which can generate lasers inside of nebulae. Curiously, astronomer Donald Menzel was the first to suggest that lasers could be produced by nebulae in space, and Menzel also happens to be the astronomer who discovered the Ant Nebula (its official name is Menzel 3). According to Menzel’s theories, certain types of radioactive gases can accrete in dense clouds close to stars, and these gases can amplify stars’ light enough to produce beams of laser light.
Dr Isabel Aleman, lead author of the new study of the Ant Nebula lasers, says the coincidence of discovering a laser coming from this particular nebula is astonishing:
We detected a very rare type of emission called hydrogen recombination laser emission, which is only produced in a narrow range of physical conditions. Such emission has only been identified in a handful of objects before and it is a happy coincidence that we detected the kind of emission that Menzel suggested, in one of the planetary nebulae that he discovered.
The Ant Nebula gets its name from the fact that it consists of two lobes of gas which resemble the head and thorax of an ant. While I’m sure there are rare examples in which lasers can be generated by clouds of radioactive gas, I just have to wonder: if this was an alien race’s attempt at communication, would we even know it? What might the horrible ant creatures of the Ant Nebula be trying to tell us?
Haruya Ido, who has been dubbed as the ‘UFO Boy’, is a teenager in Japan who seems to have some amazing psychic skills.
UFO researcher, Toshitaro Yamaguchi, who discovered Ido, told the Japanese media that the young man has the ability to communicate with UFOs via telepathy, where a UFO will be and, in turn photograph the object.
Backing up the UFO researcher's assertion are four images of unidentified flying objects which were taken by Ido from different locations in Japan over the course of the last year.
The UFOs in the images are not spectacular but if they were truly all captured by Ido, it does make one wonder if there is a connection between the boy and the UFOs.
The veteran UFO researcher likened Ido's ability to "shamanism" but also said that such 'UFO boys' are not altogether rare phenomenon as, in the past, other youngsters have been said to boast the same ability to communicate with UFOs; characteristic of Indigo children or Star Children.
Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world
Bob Lazar made Area 51 famous with his claims that he worked on a project to back engineer alien spacecraft at a location called S4 near the secretive Area 51 base. For decades after Lazar’s claims were well-known, the government denied the existence of Area 51 until finally conceding its existence 4 years ago. This entire time, Lazar has stayed off the radar and few have heard a word from him. He appeared once at the International UFO Congress but again has kept to himself. Fortunately, one filmmaker has been allowed access to extensively interview Lazar. Filmmaker Jeremy Corbell won an EBE Filmfest Award for his short documentary on Bob Lazar, and now he is completing a full-length version that will be out in December. He has provided us this early look into the secret life of Bob Lazar.
This sneak peak’s description reads: Area 51, flying saucers from another world – and the program to create a fierce technology. Bob Lazar has lived a wild life. He remains the singular most famous and controversial name in the world of UFOs. The reason you know about Area 51 is because Lazar came forward and told you about it. His disclosures have turned his life upside-down and he has tried to stay out of the spotlight. For this reason, he has never let any filmmaker into the private world of his daily life – that is – until now. Corbell’s film will explore Lazar’s claims through the lens of thirty years – providing rare and never before revealed footage – guaranteed to alter the landscape of the debate.
AETHER—THE PURE ESSENCE THAT THE GODS BREATHE, AND THE FIFTH COSMIC ELEMENT
AETHER—THE PURE ESSENCE THAT THE GODS BREATHE, AND THE FIFTH COSMIC ELEMENT
It was believed in ancient and medieval times that aether, also commonly spelled ether, was a mysterious material that filled the region of the cosmos above the terrestrial sphere.
It was a mysterious element, and the concept of ether was used to describe a number of natural phenomena, including light and how it traveled, as well as gravity.
What Is Aether, The Legendary Fifth Element?
It was believed in the past that aether was one of the primordial elements of the cosmos. In fact, in the late nineteenth century, scientists postulated that aether permeated all throughout space, allowing a medium through which light traveled in the vacuum.
However, later experiments failed to prove this.
In ancient Greek mythology, Ether was referred to as the pure essence that the gods breathed, filling the space where they lived, analogous to the air breathed by mortals.
Plato makes mention of Aether in his work as well.
If we take a look at Timaeus—where Plato mentions the existence of Atlantis—the Greek philosopher speaks about air and explains that “there is the most translucent kind which is called by the name of aether (αίθηρ)”
The term appears both in Aristotelian physics and in the old electromagnetic theory of the late nineteenth century.
For Aristotle (384-322 BC) the ether was the material of which the so-called supralunar world was composed, while the sublunary world is made up of the known four elements: earth, water, air, and fire.
Unlike these, ether was, for Aristotle, a more subtle and lighter element, more perfect than the other four (Aristotle’s physics is qualitative, rather than quantitative) and, above all, its natural movement is circular, unlike the natural movement of the other four, which is rectilinear.
The element was also mentioned in Ancient Hindu philosophy.
In India, the ether is known as akasha. In Sankhya cosmology, the pañcha mahā bhūta (five main elements) is spoken of, each one eight times more subtle than the previous one: Earth (bhumi) Water (apu). Fire (agní). Air (vāyu). Ether (ākāśa). Samkhya or Sankhya is one of the six āstikaschools of Hindu philosophy, mostly related to the Yoga school of Hinduism.
Nikola Tesla, one of the greatest minds to ever live on Earth, also made reference to Aether saying: “All matter comes from a primary substance, the luminiferous ether”.
It was widely disseminated in China and India, where it forms the basis of both Buddhism and Hinduism.
During the Middle Ages the term aether, precisely because it is the fifth material element recognized by Aristotle, began to be called the fifth element, or also qüinta essentia, from which comes the expression quintessence (used in the current cosmology to refer to dark energy).
Aether was also heavily connected to Gravitation.
In fact, it was used in one of Sir Isaac Newton’s first published theories of gravitation, called the Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (the Principia). In his work, Sir Isaac Newton based the entire description of planetary motion on a theoretical law of dynamic interactions. As noted in “Newton’s views on Aether and Gravitation,” Newton renounced standing attempts at accounting for this particular form of interaction between distant bodies by introducing a mechanism of propagation through an intervening medium and called this intervening medium the Aether.
In addition, Newton describes aether as a medium that “flows” continually downward toward the Earth’s surface and is partially absorbed and partially diffused. This “circulation” of aether is what he associated the force of gravity with to help explain the action of gravity in a non-mechanical fashion.
Leave it to Richard Branson to find motivation to go to the gym in traveling to space. On Tuesday, a ship from Brason’s space flight company, Virgin Galactic, achieved supersonic speed in a test run for the second time. To Branson, that means the first passenger flight to the edge of the atmosphere is coming soon. He plans to be aboard, and has been cycling and playing tennis to prepare, as he told the Washington Post.
Branson’s exercise regimen might seem a bit premature. But the truth is that future space tourists will need to be fit enough to handle space, too.
Ripping through the atmosphere at twice the speed of sound, as Virgin Galactic plans to, puts a lot of pressure on the body. Zero gravity does the exact opposite. According to NASA, without gravity’s constant pressure, young, healthy astronauts lose bone density. And they lose it fast — 12 times faster in space than elderly adults do on Earth — making their bones very brittle, risking breaks when they’re back on their home planet. Since it takes no effort to move around in space, muscles —including your heart — don’t have to work as hard, so they weaken.
To counteract those and a bunch of other health effects, NASA puts their recruits through workouts before, during, and after space flight. They won’t even work with candidates if they don’t meet fitness requirements. NASA only considers applicants with blood pressure under 140/90 (just two thirds of Americans have blood pressure that low). Within the first month of training, candidates have to swim 75 meters without stopping, and then swim that distance again, but in 280-pound flight suit and shoes. It’s a delicate balance however, because astronauts can’t be too ripped — the European Space Agency (ESA) says that overly-muscular individuals could actually have problems in space (though they don’t explain why), so the agency’s training regimens aim to put trainees in better shape than most people their age.
Both NASA and ESA have stricter health protocols than anything commercial operations are likely to have. According to Bloomberg, George Nield, the associate administrator for commercial space transportation at the Federal Aviation Administration said at the 2017 Space Commerce Conference, “It’s really up to the company for what kind of screening they want to have.” And it’s possible private space flight companies won’t be too particular about medical standards for passengers. The brands have stayed pretty mute on the topic so far: only SpaceX mentioned the need for Dragon’s crew to pass fitness standards.
Even if Branson’s company hasn’t communicated health requirements to customers with pre-purchased tickets, he’s clearly taking fitness for space travel seriously (he is also twice the age of the ESA’s ideal candidate). We all might have a while to train — the billionaire has been saying the maiden voyage is “18 months away” for a literal decade. With all that tennis training, he might get to the U.S. Open before he gets to the edge of space.
Recently Released Document Details 2004 USS Nimitz UFO Encounter
Recently Released Document Details 2004 USS Nimitz UFO Encounter
The UFO that evaded Navy fighter jets in 2004.
The discovery late last year of a secret Pentagon UFO program that ran from 2007 to 2012 brought to light an incident between two Navy F/A-18F fighter jets and an unidentified flying object in 2004. The fighter jets encountered the UFO while stationed aboard the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz off of the coast of San Diego, California, and the event was recorded by the jets' forward facing targeting cameras.
While the video was released months ago, details of the encounter have been scant; at least until recently.
Journalist George Knapp reported earlier this month that he was able to acquire an in-depth government report of the incident "prepared by and for the military."
According to the report, between approximately November 10-16, 2004, as the Nimitz Carrier Strike Group (CSG) was preparing for deployment, the USS Princeton "on several occasions detected multiple Anomalous Aerial Vehicles (AAVs) operating in and around the vicinity of the CSG."
These AAVs would perform maneuvers unlike any with which the military pilots were familiar, including descending from "approximately 60,000 feet down to approximately 50 feet in a matter of seconds."
"[The objects] would then hover or stay stationary on the radar for a short time and depart at high velocities and turn rates," stated the document.
The craft that appeared on the above video was reported to be "an elongated egg or a 'Tic Tac' shape with a discernible midline horizontal axis," and was "solid white, smooth, with no edges...uniformly colored with no nacelles, pylons, or wings."
The report listed the object's size as approximately 46 feet in length.
Knapp stated that the document was obtained during a trip to Washington D.C. earlier this year.
"Earlier this year, we made a whirlwind trip to Washington for a debriefing arranged by former Senator Harry Reid," Knapp said. "While in D.C., [we] obtained copies of unclassified documents related to the UFO encounters, including the [above incident]."
According to Knapp, the document has been verified as authentic, despite lacking a date or any official seal marking it as a military document.
"The analysis report is not dated and has no logo, but four separate people who are familiar with its contents confirmed to [us] it is the real deal and was written as part of a Pentagon program," he said.
The full document Knapp received is available to be viewedhere, although the names of the pilots involved have been redacted.
Dr. Jacques Vallee’s presentation for Contact in the Desert 2017 has just been uploaded to Youtube. Here’s your chance to listen him describe the things he’s uncovered over the years by analyzing metal samples allegedly ejected by UFOs, which have been recovered all around the world, and how the chemical composition of these materials seriously challenge all of our preconceptions with regards to the popularly-assumed extraterrestrial nature of these objects:
The 3 most relevant points to be extracted from this presentation are:
Some of these metal materials are seen to contain trace levels of elements (and isotope of said elements) which no man-made or terrestrial metals would be expected to contain. Are these contaminants or purposefully introduced (i.e. engineered)?
The technical analysis needs to be expanded through the use of several instruments to arrive at more precise composition levels –no analysis from a single instrument or method is fully reliable.
An aggressive program or search for additional samples needs to be conducted in order to reach a general picture of the entire problem.
These are very important aspects to consider, because in the end Vallee is being very frank about the stage in which this kind of research currently finds itself, which is one of total ignorance with regards to WHY the isotopic ratio of these metal alloys would be so different from regular terrestrial samples, or even samples of known extraterrestrial origin (e.g. a meteorite). Does it have to do with the propulsion system of the craft, possible stealth capabilities or the way the metal would handle extreme conditions like radiation or anti-gravity conditions? He and his colleagues just don’t know. They are only certain of one thing, and that is that with our current state of technology in the XXIst century –and bear in mind some of these samples were retrieved in the 1950s– it would cost trillions of dollars just to produce 1 cubic centimeter of metal, re-engineered with the kind of isotopic levels they have observed in the lab, because it would mean artificially separating the isotopes and recombining them to different ratios.
“Unless somebody has an absolutely magical technology to do that”, as he concludes, such a feat would be virtually impossible. Of course, to someone like me the mention of ‘magical technology’ and ‘impossible metal compositions’ inevitably leads me to one of the most ancient scientific tradition of mankind: Alchemy.
Dr. Vallee explained his ulterior motive for giving this presentation –as well as going into radio and podcast interviews like the one I was a part of last year— is so he can get his hands on many more sample materials, which presumably are in the hands of anonymous close encounter witnesses, UFO researchers or their descendants. He also refers to the (in)famous Roswell crash and how he doesn’t have any access to the materials from those type of cases, which might or might not have been retrieved by the government. This made me think of Diana Walsh Pasulka’s upcoming book American Cosmic, in which she describes how she was approached by anonymous higher-ups in the tech/private industry who took her to an alleged crash site of a UFO on some undisclosed location in New Mexico; Diana is a social scientist and has not engineering background, so why is it that these people don’t contact someone like Vallee first, and take him to see these UFO samples instead??
Oh, and another thing I found curious: Right at the beginning of the video and before jumping into the meat of his exposition, Vallee briefly mentions the ‘rumors’ regarding how the government has given these type of materials to “some aerospace company.” Given how this presentation was given in June of 2017, which was 4 monthsbefore the launch of Tom Delonge’s TTS/AAS initiative –and 6 months beforethe surprising revelation of the Pentagon UFO program by the New York Times, in which Robert Bigelow’s involvement was acknowledged— one wonders if Dr. Vallee had one particular ‘aerospace company’ in mind when he made that cryptic comment…
[UPDATE]: Somebody over Twitter brought to my attention this interview with Dr. Garry Nolan, who is a Professor of Microbiology & Immunology at Stanford University, and also a member of the advisory board for the To The Stars Academy.
Before that, Dr. Nolan was involved in Dr. Steven Greer’s Sirius Project and was in charge with the DNA study of the controversial ‘Ata’ mummy, which eventually confirmed it was nothing but a human fetus suffering from a number of genetic malformations –most likely an illegal abortion.
In this Q&A session Nolan confirms he has collaborated with Vallee on the isotope study of the alleged UFO metal samples, which he calls ‘meta-materials’:
People interested in understanding the reality of what’s going on with these metamaterials (so-called alloys) need to understand this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotope . There are 253 isotopes that do not undergo radioactive decay in any reasonable time frame. This page has a table of nuclides where the grey boxes denote the 253 stable isotopes. Some elements, such as aluminum, have only 1 stable isotope. Titanium and nickel each have 5 stable isotopes. Tin (Sn) has eight! There are natural ratios of these isotopes that are largely governed by stellar decay processes, centrifugal forces (solar and other) during planetary formation, and proximity to gamma and other radiation sources. The ratios vary only slightly (maximum a couple percent) across a solar system. Significant variations in isotope ratios imply either engineering of the ratios for a purpose, or that the materials came from somewhere that does not “play by our rules”.
This is an interest addition to the To the Stars puzzle, since it confirms that people involved with TTS/AAS have been directly involved with Vallee’s efforts to study these materials. However, it does NOT necessarily mean Vallee himself is associated with DeLonge; for starters on numerous occasions Jacques has emphatically denied any involvement with To the Stars –and I for one I’m willing to take his word for it. I think the answer is simply that one of Dr. Vallee’s previous collaborator in the study of the UFO samples was professor Peter Sturrock –whom he mentioned on his CITD presentation and was an eminent physicist working at Stanford– and after Sturrock retired perhaps he referred Vallee to Nolan, a young colleague from the same university with a shared interest in the UFO phenomenon.
In 2016, an animated Neil deGrasse Tyson ate a bowl of pasta on the Cartoon Network’s Regular Show to illustrate what it looks like when a “spaghettified” star gets sucked into a supermassive black hole. It was not the most accurate depiction of what astrophysicists call a “tidal disruption event,” but it did capture the powerful, slurping horror of the black hole’s event horizon. A far more scientific description of the same event is described in an Astrophysical Journal Letters article, published Wednesday.
The scientists who wrote the paper, led by University of Copenhagen astrophysicist Lixin Dai, Ph.D., reveal what actually happens to a star as it gets devoured by a black hole using a new, “unified” computer model. Astrophysicists have plenty of data about black holes — observations about X-ray emissions, visible light, gas, and UV rays — but the new model is one of the first to put all of those pieces together in a consistent way. Having a model like this is important because, as the authors point out, our snapshots of black holes are not always taken from the ideal angle — and there’s often more to those pictures than meets the eye. Now they can feed data into the model to uncover the details they can’t see.
As the model came together, it became very clear that supermassive black holes eat stars in a fairly predictable way. Through the model-generated diagram below, the authors of the paper explain what actually happens to the star as it approaches the black hole’s “event horizon,” which is essentially the edge of its gaping maw. The black hole is shown as a black hole.
First, the star begins disintegrating into a disk of debris called an “accretion disk” because the black hole’s gravitational field is so strong. The black hole eats up all the debris (the slim part of the orange-yellow gradient), and once that debris enters the black hole, it gets “spaghettified” — stretched vertically and compressed horizontally into noodle-y streams of atoms — and slurped up.
However, the black hole can become “overfed,” so some stellar debris hangs out around the mouth of the black hole, not unlike crumbs left over on a facial beard (the fat part of the disk). These crumbs are important, because they’re what we can see from Earth: The process of getting sucked up is a hot one, and as the debris heats up, it emits light and radiation (shown as a double-headed arrow in the image), which we can detect from Earth. Now, even though our snapshots of black holes might show us only some of that crumb radiation, we can use the model to understand how big the mess actually is.
As theoretical astrophysicist Katie Mack, Ph.D. recently explained on the InversepodcastI Need My Space, black holes are indeed messy eaters. “[Stars] do fall into black holes sometimes and get ripped apart,” she said. “And we can see like bursts of radiation from the vicinity of black holes sometimes from stars being disrupted as they’re falling into black holes. It’s just really neat.”
In a statement released Wednesday, the University of Copenhagen’s Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz, Ph.D., a co-author on the new study, explained why it’s so important that the model can help us visualize a black hole from all sides. “It is like there is a veil that covers part of a beast,” he said. “From some angles we see an exposed beast, but from other angles we see a covered beast. The beast is the same, but our perceptions are different.”
These beasts, as we’ve long known, are hungry ones. And thanks to the new model, we have a better idea of what black holes look like while they’re eating, making them far easier to hunt.
NASA KEPLER MISSION ASTRONOMER WARNS: "EXTRATERRESTRIAL CONTACT COULD END LIFE ON EARTH"
NASA KEPLER MISSION ASTRONOMER WARNS: "EXTRATERRESTRIAL CONTACT COULD END LIFE ON EARTH"
If technologically-advanced alien civilizations are indeed out there, would they be friendly explorers, or destroyers of worlds? According to prominent astrophysicist Lucianne Walkowicz, who works on NASA's Kepler mission, making contact could be catastrophic for the human race: "There's a possibility that if we actively message, with the intention of getting the attention of an intelligent civilization, that the civilization we contact would not necessarily have our best interests in mind."
Now, thanks both to space-based projects like NASA's Kepler Mission, as well as research teams searching with Earth-bound telescopes (such as the one that recently discovered a planet orbiting our neighbor star, Proxima Centauri)," Walkowicz, an astronomer at the Adler Planetarium in Chicago who studies stellar magnetic activity and its influence on planetary habitability using data from NASA's Kepler Mission. wrote in the Scientific American blog, "we know that the Galaxy is awash in planets. There are so many planets, in fact, that when you gaze into the night sky, each star is likely the sun of another world. By and large, these planets are worlds roughly the size of Earth-- a tantalizing hint that, while we have yet to find life elsewhere, the potential real estate abounds."
About the recently discover planet Proxima b orbiting our closest neighboring star, she writes: "We have an example of the kind of environment that might be typical: one lit mostly by soft, infrared light, but also zapped frequently by high energy radiation. Let me tell you: if you ever want to make a room full of Department of Defense employees laugh nervously, tell them the nearest life to Earth might be radiation-hardened aliens who have naturally evolved infrared heat vision." The Kepler astronomer's favorite thought experiment is to "consider the implications of challenging planetary environments on our chances for recognizing— or communicating with— intelligent life beyond our own world. I imagine a universe filled with rocky planets around little red stars, and on days I'm feeling optimistic, I imagine the atmospheres of these worlds have survived. Global oceans protect surface life from the vagaries of stellar irradiation, and intelligent (even technologically advanced) life might be more akin to the dolphins of our own planet. What would the relationship of this underwater life be to the sky, and to its place in space?"
Walkowicz learned to love the dark stellar denizens of our galaxy, the red dwarfs, which became the topic of her PhD dissertation at University of Washington. Today, she works on NASA’s Kepler mission, studying starspots and the tempestuous tantrums of stellar flares to understand stellar magnetic fields. She is particularly interested in how the high energy radiation from stars influences the habitability of planets around alien suns. Lucianne is also a leader in the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, a new project that will scan the sky every night for 10 years to create a huge cosmic movie of our Universe. "It could be something that ends life on Earth, Walkowitz concludes, "and it might be something that accelerates the ability to live quality lives on Earth. We have no way of knowing." But our current searches for intelligent life have pressed onward with only limited time and funding, searching for a relatively conscribed set of specific signals. "While scientists are often loathe to say that we live in a special time," she observed, "in some sense we do: we stand at the dawn of knowing that the universe teems with worlds, but not yet knowing if we are alone. At this moment, we must be keenly cognizant of how far we have to go. Otherwise, our assumptions about the completeness of our search, the universality (or not) of the values we hold, and our inability to communicate even with species we share the same swimming space with, will blind us to the possibilities— and limitations— of what we might come to know about life in the universe."
• An unnamed man related an encounter he had at the beach in Batumi, Georgia on the Black Sea. He was walking along the shoreline when he noticed a saucer-shaped craft under the water. It surfaced and hovered over the water. Then ‘a light’ from the craft pulled him inside the spacecraft where he met tall Grey extraterrestrial beings who spoke to him in English. Among the gadgets and displays on the craft’s console were images of a shark and an octopus. He was told that the Greys take our animals for cloning on their planet.
• The man says that these ETs are living deep under the Earth’s oceans, exploring the sea life and researching how to introduce water to their planet. The tall Grey said that Earth governments are aware of their presence here and that they have provided Earth officials with certain technologies.
• The man was shown the tall Grey’s desert planet through virtual reality goggles. The planet is highly developed with skyscrapers and many craft flying in the sky. The Grey’s planet is one-third the size of the earth with a green sky, a 50-hour long day/night cycle, and one billion inhabitants. Their individual life expectancy is 2000 years. Suddenly the man found himself standing back on the beach again.
• [Editor’s Note] See below 7:46 minute Apex channel video. Dubious but nevertheless interesting.
Conspiracy theory channel ‘Paranormal Elite’ has released a new video, showing a self-proclaimed alien abductee sharing his experiences of meeting extraterrestrial life forms. The man whose name has been kept under the wraps assures that he was abducted by aliens, was inside a UFO spaceship face-to-face with extraterrestrial entities. He also made it clear that aliens are living with us, but most of the time, they will be hidden in the depths of oceans.
According to the alien abductee, this bizarre incident of alien abduction took place when he was on a beach.
“I went to a beach and took off my shoes and started to walk in the water. Suddenly I noticed a light which was shining deep from the water. And I saw something huge coming from the sea. I was later pulled inside a saucer-shaped spaceship,” said the alien abductee in the video.
The alien abductee revealed that these aliens are living underwater, and they are exploring and understanding our oceans.
“I was strong. But I couldn’t even breathe. I was speechless looking at a huge, flat ellipse machine. It was levitating on the water and I felt a light coming from the machine grab me from the ground and took me to the spaceship. When I was inside it, plenty of gadgets and different displays were there. I found pictures of sharks and octopuses, and I believe they are exploring and understanding our oceans,” added the alien abductee.
The testimonial of this unknown man has apparently convinced some."Sounds pretty accurate," commented a YouTube user named Shadow Elite 1.
Another YouTube user 'Something Remarkable' commented that he believes in the words of this alien abductee.
However, another user Anshu Pandey remained skeptical and asked how many days has this man spent to frame fictitious stories like these.
NEW GEOGLYPHS DISCOVERED IN PERU ARE OLDER THAN THE NAZCA LINES
NEW GEOGLYPHS DISCOVERED IN PERU ARE OLDER THAN THE NAZCA LINES
Lesser known than the Nazca Lines, the emblematic Palpa Lines are much older and are located in an area that was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994.
The hillsides of Palpa in Peru were intricately decorated by pre-Columbian civilizations, which drew thousands of geoglyphs in the area: and recently, five of them have been recovered by experts.
Since November of 2017, a group of archaeologists from the Decentralized Directorate of Culture of Ica has been busy returning the splendor to the mythical geoglyphs that in recent years had been vandalized by those who walked near or on the hillsides, destroying ancient art that dates back thousands of years, reports El Comercio.
“We continue to find more geoglyphs, which reveals that this whole area was a great ‘loom’ in which the Paracas have been drawing on the desert hillsides throughout thousands of years,” said the Minister of Culture of Peru, Patricia Balbuena, who recently visited more than 50 new lines that have been discovered by experts.
Unlike the Nazca lines, you can see the Palpa lines without the need to be in the air
One of the advantages of the Palpa Lines is that many of the ancient geoglyphs can be seen without the need to fly over them, as with the Nazca Lines.
However, for the registration process, the scientists used drones that recorded images from thirty meters above the lines.
The Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, National Geographic and the Sustainable Preservation Initiative (SPI) facilitated the exploration equipment used by the specialists of the Management System for the Cultural Heritage of Nazca and Palpa.
According to the archaeologist Johny Isla Cuadrado, it is one of the “most complete” documentation carried out in the area.
Ancient geoglyphs, older than the Nazca lines
It is presumed that the Palpa Lines were made by the cultures of Paracas and Topará between 500 BC and the beginning of our era, which makes them much older than the Nazca Lines, which were made between the beginning of this era and 650 AD.
The recent discovery is good news for the tourism industry of the country, which welcomes thousands of tourists which travel to Peru eagerly to finally see the Nazca lines up and close.
Now, with the Palpa Lines, the possibilities of developing the sector are even wider.
“Since we finished the restoration of the Pala Lines, more planes arrive to fly over this area. The airlines are offering wider overflights,” Isla told El Comercio.
However, the Ministry of Culture has emphasized the need to respect the rules for the observation of Peru’s heritage and has ordered to reinforce the custody in the archaeological zone to prevent its depredation.
“We knew about the Nazca people, but we did not know that the Paracas, 500 years before them, had worked in this area.”
“Many of the discovered figures were hidden, covered and at risk because the place was used by motorcycle taxi drivers to cross the Pan-American highway,” said Minister Balbuena, quoted by the newspaper La República.
Experts say that the Palpa lines show anthropomorphic and figurative features: an orca, a monkey, a dancer, a pelican.
This fact has awakened the interest of the scientists to determine what use they had for the pre-Columbian civilizations, considering that it is believed that the geometric forms embodied in Nazca were an offering to the gods for the rains in the desert area.
ARCHAEOLOGISTS MAKE STUNNING DISCOVERY IN POMPEII, UNCOVERING A PLETHORA OF FRESCOES
ARCHAEOLOGISTS MAKE STUNNING DISCOVERY IN POMPEII, UNCOVERING A PLETHORA OF FRESCOES
270 years since the remains of the ancient city of Pompeii were first discovered, archaeologists continue to make incredible discoveries that help understand the history and faith of an ancient city devoured by a Volcanic eruption.
Pompeii was a city of Ancient Rome located along with Herculaneum and other smaller places in the region of Campania, near the modern city of Naples.
It was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. Its inhabitants died due to the pyroclastic flow. In its vicinity rises the modern city of Pompeii.
Archaeologists believe that the town was founded in the 7th or 6th century BC by the Osci or Oscans. It was ruled by Rome in the 4th century BC and was conquered and became a Roman colony in 80 BC after it joined an unsuccessful rebellion against the Roman Republic.
By the time of its destruction, 160 years later, its population was estimated at 11,000 people, and the city had a complex water system, an Amphitheatre, a gymnasium, and a port.
Now, we are seeing more news about Pompeii than ever before.
Current archaeological excavations in Regio V, in the northern area of the Archaeological Park of Pompeii, the most important in an unexplored area of the ancient city since the postwar period, have brought to light a new wonder: the House of the Dolphins, an elegant Pompeian residence with brightly colored frescoes, which resisted the violent eruption of Vesuvius in the summer of 79 AD. The House of Dolphins probably belonged to an upper-class Roman family in ancient Pompeii.
The House of Dolphins was discovered just a few days after an alleyway of grand houses with mostly intact balconies was found by archaeologists nearby.
Earlier this months, a number of newspapers reported that in the northern parts of Pompeii, archaeologists were working on excavating an entirely new area of the city that had never before been studied.
Using lasers and drones, experts explained that they were hopeful that these modern tools would help them reconstruct the Regio V area so that tourists in the near future could explore it.
Regio V is one of the most densely urbanized areas of Pompeii, currently subject to the excavation and study of archaeologists.
In addition to discovering a number of Dolphin drawings, the house’s frescoes also show several other fish and a number of birds, including a peacock, a partridge, and a parrot.
Deer and mythical creatures are also depicted, making the ‘house of Dolphins’ a unique and refreshing discovery at Pompeii.
Today, Pompeii is one of the most popular attractions for visitors to Italy and has UNESCO World Heritage status.
Images by:Sergio Siano/Archaeological site of Pompeii.
On May 22, 2018, NASA photographer Bill Ingalls, who has has been shooting for the agency for 30 years, set up cameras near the SpaceX rocket launchpad at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The remote cameras are designed to automatically snap images when they detect the thunderous roar of the rocket blasting off.
Once the fire reached the camera, the body started to melt. When Ingalls returned to the site, firefighters were waiting to greet him. Even though the camera was destroyed, Ingalls forced it open to see if its memory card could be salvaged. It could, and here’s what it showed:
Images of a brushfire approaching, then destroying, a remote camera set up to photograph the NASA/German GRACE-FO launch on May 22, 2018.
This UFO was filmed on the 27th of May, 2018. It was filmed in Bolzano, Italy. The object was moving along side the mountain ridge, but it did not make any sound. Somebody staying in a nearby hotel got up early in the morning and was able to shoot this amazing footage.
US Government Just Admitted To Recovering Materials From UFOs
US Government Just Admitted To Recovering Materials From UFOs
The former Canadian defense minister has just revealed that the government in the USA knew that aliens had visited Earth to give a warning about where the planet was heading along with offering to help. However, the government issued a “shoot first and ask questions later” order as the aliens were seen as a threat.
Aliens Have Been Visiting Earth For Decades
The official quote was “Decades ago, visitors from other planets warned us about where we were headed and offered to help. But instead, we, or at least some of us, interpreted their visits as a threat, and decided to shoot first and ask questions after.”
The fact that there has been official disclosure of UFOs is huge but then researchers of the phenomenon have said that they saw it coming. It was said that they had experienced campaigns of ridicule and secrecy about the phenomenon for many years. The government has been responsible for the many foolish articles that appeared constantly in publications, articles that were ridiculed, when in fact, the topic of those articles does actually exist and the government knew about it.
Today those who believe in UFOs are not ridiculed as much as they used to be. This should have raised some eyebrows as it is not very often that mainstream media will share the truth, more so when the subject it one of the most secretive in the world.
Mainstream Media is Controlled By A Small Group of People
Most of the mainstream media is under the control of a small group of people and it has been made abundantly clear that through declassified documents and whistleblowers. The intelligence agencies enjoy a relationship that is very close with just about every major wire service, TV network and newspaper and this has ensured that some of the intelligence failure stories have become intelligence success stories, along with helping to determine the accuracy of many others.
Amber Lyon, Sharyl Attkisson, and Dr. Udo Ulfkotte along with others, have given numerous examples of just what it is like to work in a media organization dominated by the government and deep state interests. This is one of the reasons why mainstream UFO disclosure has been questionable.
Military Said Objects in Our Atmosphere Are Technically More Advanced Than Anything on Earth
UFO phenomenon has been obvious to those who looked into it when taken from the research perspective. There has been a lot of research to show that UFOs are in fact real and the Former Chairman of the NATO Military Committee, Admiral Hill Norton, said that objects in the atmosphere have been seen which are technically more advanced than anything they could deploy.
The MK-Ultra program was hidden away from the public for many years until evidence of it became blatantly obvious the government had no other choice but to disclose it. The same thing is now happening with UFOs. There have been numerous witness testimonies that have been credible along with documents that have been released through the Freedom of Information Act. Now the Pentagon has admitted to there being a UFO program does this mean that UFOs have finally being disclosed. Could it simply be a clever way to release information to conceal information that is even more important?
Is The Government Still Hiding Something?
Historian Richard Dolan, who is one of the most prominent UFO thinkers and researchers, said, “Why is the mainstream covering this story the way they are? I have been saying for years that the mainstream media, the establishment media, will never cover the UFO subject in a serious way that is until they would be absolutely pushed to the wall and then do something…So the question is, what is going on here? If they are the voice of the establishment (mainstream media), then why have the establishment elected to put this story out? “
“I’m not aware of any effort within the established media to follow up on this (pieces of the UFOs) and to find out…where this comes from…I mean nothing…So, it’s five months later, and we’re clearly not dealing with a serious effort by the mainstream media, for that reason alone…I have had information now, from a very good source, that, what they’ve recovered aren’t metal alloys, that they’re being described as meta-materials…a very different thing….The individual that I spoke with, about where did that phrase metal alloy come, did it come Luis Elizondo I was told no it did not come from him.” – Richard Dolan
Richard explained further and said that it could be a small tidbit of the truth, which the government wants us to believe, is the whole truth. It does bring some key things that the mainstream media seems to have ignored about the recent disclosure of UFOs. Dolan said, “The best way to keep a secret is you pretend to share it, you give some information out, some genuine information, which they did, there were some significant revelations here, significant admissions, and much that was not followed up.”
He went on to make an important point, there has not been any follow up about the alleged possession of materials that were recovered from the UFO. Dr. Edgar Mitchell and Apollo 14 astronaut said, “Yes there has been crashed craft, and bodies recovered. We are not alone in the universe; they have been coming here for a long time. I happen to be privileged enough to be in on the fact that we have been visited on this planet, and the UFO phenomenon is real.”
Alloys Collected From Crashed UFO Had Amazing Properties
Apparently, alloys were collected from the crashed UFO and studied by scientists and they revealed that it was a compound they did not recognize and it had amazing properties. The material was said to have strange isotopic values, which gave an indication that it did not come from Earth.
A statement from former special assistant to the Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Victor Marchetti, does not seem to hold any truth anymore. He said, “We have, indeed, been contacted — perhaps even visited — by extra-terrestrial beings, and the US government, in collusion with the other national powers of the Earth, is determined to keep this information from the general public.”
It seems that finally, the truth has been revealed and the public has confirmation of something they believed to be true all along.
Listen to this interesting podcast with Richard Lawrence, Secretary of The Aetherius Society in Europe, discussing the disinformation on the UFO phenomena:
Said to have authored the Hermetic Corpus, a series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism, Hermes Trismegistus is a name shrouded in mystery.
Many authors associate him with the Greek God Hermes, as well as the Egyptian God Thoth. Thoth, for example, was heavily associated with knowledge. In Egyptian mythology, Toth plaid a crucial role in maintaining order in the cosmos. Thoth was heavily associated with magic, writing, and the development of science.
In ancient Greek mythology, Hermes was referred to as the God of Religion and mythology. He was often portrayed as the emissary and messenger of the Gods. Hermes is identified with the Roman god Mercury.
An Egyptian Link
Hermes Trismegistus is often mentioned in occult literature as an Egyptian sage, parallel to the god Toth who created alchemy and developed a system of metaphysical beliefs that are today known as hermeticism.
For a number of medieval thinkers, Hermes Trismegistus was a pagan prophet who announced the advent of Christianity.
Emerald Tablet and Sir Isaac Newton
Alchemy studies have been heavily linked to him, as well as the Emerald Tablet- which has even been translated from Latin into English by Isaac Newton.
This is the translation of the Emerald Tablet by Isaac Newton. It was discovered among his alchemical papers that are currently housed in King’s College Library, Cambridge University.
Tis true without lying, certain & most true. That which is below is like that which is above & that which is above is like that which is below to do the miracles of one only thing And as all things have been & arose from one by the mediation of one: so all things have their birth from this one thing by adaptation. The Sun is its father, the moon its mother, the wind hath carried it in its belly, the earth is its nurse. The father of all perfection in the whole world is here. Its force or power is entire if it be converted into earth. Separate thou the earth from the fire, the subtle from the gross sweetly with great industry. It ascends from the earth to the heaven & again it descends to the earth & receives the force of things superior & inferior. By this means you shall have the glory of the whole world & thereby all obscurity shall fly from you. Its force is above all force. For it vanquishes every subtle thing & penetrates every solid thing. So was the world created. From this are & do come admirable adaptations whereof the means (or process) is here in this. Hence I am called Hermes Trismegist, having the three parts of the philosophy of the whole world That which I have said of the operation of the Sun is accomplished & ended.
Philosophy is also heavily linked to Hermes Trismegistus.
However, due to the lack of conclusive evidence about its existence, the historical figure has been built fictitiously from the Middle Ages to the present, especially from the resurgence of esotericism.
European alchemists highly regarded the Emerald Tablet as the foundation of their art and its Hermetic tradition.
According to ancient Egyptian beliefs, the gods ruled ancient Egypt before mortal pharaohs. These Gods eventually civilized mortal rules passing their knowledge onto them.
The Egyptian god Thoth was the god of wisdom and the patron of magicians. He was also the guardian and clerk of the records that contained the knowledge of the gods.
Clement of Alexandria estimated that the Egyptians possessed forty-two sacred writings, which contained all the teachings of the Egyptian priests. Clement of Alexandria was a Christian theologian who taught at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.
Hermes Trismegistus was eventually credited with tens of thousands of writings, which were reputed to be of immense antiquity. For example, Plato’s Timaeus and Critias describe that in the temple of Neith at Sais one could find countless secret halls safeguarding historical records which had been kept there for at least 9,000 years.
The Fusion of two Gods
Eventually, Hermes the Greek God, and Thoth the Egyptian counterpart were combined as one, becoming the patron of Astrology and Alchemy.
The Asclepius and the Corpus Hermeticum are the most important of the Hermetica, the surviving writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus.
Eventually, during the Renaissance, many scholars came to accept that Hermes Trismegistus was a contemporary of Moses. Eventually, this idea vanished after it was found that Hermetic writings were written no earlier than the second or third century AD.
It is also believed by some authors like Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin that Hermes Trismegistus is the builder of the Pyramids of Giza
Other scholars propose a connection between Hermes Trismegistus. And Prophet Muhammad.
Prophet Muhammad who is believed to have traveled to the heavens on the night of Isra and Mi’raj, may be a direct descendant of Hermes Trismegistus, claim Arab genealogists. Ibn Kathir, a highly influential historian, exegete, and scholar during the Mamluk era in Syria said:
“As for Idris…He is in the genealogical chain of the Prophet Muhammad, except according to one genealogist…Ibn Ishaq says he was the first who wrote with the Pen. There was a span of 380 years between him and the life of Adam. Many of the scholars allege that he was the first to speak about this, and they call him Thrice-Great Hermes [Hermes Trismegistus],” – Ismail ibn Kathir (source).
The Hermetic Corpus
It is commonly believed that the Hermetica are Egyptian-Greek wisdom texts that date back to around the 2nd century AD and even possibly later.
These writings are frequently presented as dialogues in which a teacher, usually identified as Hermes Trismegistus enlightens a disciple. The texts are considered the basis of Hermeticism. They discuss the divine, the cosmos, mind, and nature. Some touch upon alchemy, astrology, and related concepts.
It was the UFO fly-bys over D.C. that forced Truman to act. There were unknown, saucer-shaped craft seen zooming over the White House, the Pentagon, and the Capitol building, and newspaper headlines shouted about the sightings. The public was talking about them; in some newspapers, the front-page UFO stories pushed articles about the Democratic National Convention to page two.
Truman’s response? Out of frustration, he gave the order: “Shoot them down!” Several well-known scientists, including Albert Einstein, heard about the order and urged him to rescind it. Truman did, around the time that the UFO sightings also ceased.
2. DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER: SECRET TREATY WITH ALIENS?
One day, near the start of his presidency, President Eisenhower vanished.
The president had been in Palm Springs, CA at the time, and when no one could find him they feared the worst—heart attack, stroke, or some other dire event. Eisenhower reappeared the next day at a church service. An excuse was given for his absence: he’d needed “emergency dental surgery”, an aide reported, stiffly.
Whispers and rumors started immediately—weird ones. Insiders were leaking a strange story, that the president had rushed to Muroc Air Force Base (now Edwards Air Force Base in Southern California), met with aliens, and signed a treaty with them.
Gordon Duff, senior editor of the veterans organization Veterans Today, says that he’s seen classified documents that outline the agreement. “The 1953 treaty with President Eisenhower was an agreement,” Duff told an interviewer, “a coercive agreement against the USA on behalf of a hostile alien power that wished to be able to kidnap a number of citizens from the United States, which means of course that they had agreements with other nations as well.”
3. JFK: UFOS COULD TRIGGER WAR WITH RUSSIA
There had been a spate of UFO sightings over the Soviet Union, and President John F. Kennedy was downright worried.
JFK’s Memo Ordering the US to Share UFO Info with the Soviets
It was the height of the Cold War, and JFK was afraid that a UFO over the USSR might be mistaken for a missile—and prompt the Russians to launch missiles of their own.
On November 12, 1963, Kennedy dictated a memo ordering that the US prepare to share sensitive information about UFOs with the USSR, so that there would be no apocalyptic mistakes. The president was shot dead in Dallas a mere 10 days later.
The memo reads: “It would be very helpful if you would have the high threat cases reviewed with the purpose of identification of bona fide as opposed to classified CIA and USAF sources. It is important that we make a clear distinction between the knowns and unknowns in the event the Soviets try to mistake our extended cooperation as a cover for intelligence gathering of their defense and space programs. I would like you to arrange a program of data sharing with NASA where unknowns are a factor.”
4. RICHARD NIXON: THE JACKIE GLEASON INCIDENT
Dick Nixon had some surprising friends—take famous entertainer Jackie Gleason, for example. The two were golfing chums and often chatted about their interest in UFOs, according to Gleason’s wife Beverly. One day in 1973, Nixon slipped away from his Secret Service detail and showed up at Gleason’s house alone. “I want to show you something,” the president told him.
Nixon drove Gleason to Homestead Air Force Base, not far from Gleason’s home in Florida. A security guard, shocked when he recognized the two famous men, waved them through. They entered a heavily guarded building, and Nixon guided them to an inner chamber. There, Gleason was aghast: he was looking at what appeared at first to be “mangled children”. On closer inspection, he realized that they weren’t children—and that they were not human. Gleason told a confidante that he felt very upset that the government was hiding such monumental secrets from the public.
5. JIMMY CARTER: TRUTH-SEEKER REDUCED TO TEARS
He is unique among American presidents: Jimmy Carter has seen a UFO. Years before his presidency, while running for governor of Georgia, Carter and a handful of others witnessed a blueish object floating in the sky.
President Jimmy Carter Had Seen a UFO, But He Wasn’t Prepared for the Government Secrets He Discovered
Carter told an interviewer, “All of a sudden, one of the men looked up and said, ‘Look, over in the west!’ And there was a bright light in the sky. We all saw it. And then the light, it got closer and closer to us … we were trying to figure out what in the world it could be, and then it receded into the distance.”
As president, Carter was keenly interested in what the government was keeping secret about the UFO phenomenon—and so he asked the top secret organization that would have that kind of information. CIA Director George W. Bush (later to be president) denied Carter’s initial requests, but Carter was persistent.
One day, Bush relented; Carter was told the full truth.
Later, the president was seen in the Oval Office, his head in his hands, sobbing quietly. He has never revealed what the CIA divulged to him that day.
On May 22, NASA photographer Bill Ingalls set up his Canon camera to capture footage of the launch of a SpaceX Falcon 9. He got the shot, sort of, but not before that very launch ignited a small brush fire that did the poor camera in for good. Although this martyr of rocket photography has closed its shutter for the very last time, we're all fortunate enough to be able to see the footage it died to bring us.
As Ingalls mentioned in a NASA feature on the melted camera, this particular setup was actually outside the safety perimeter for the Falcon launch. At a quarter mile away, it was actually the furthest of all six Ingalls had set up. That distance did nothing to save it when a brush fire started in the vicinity, melting the camera's body but leaving its memory card intact so we could see its last gaze.
The camera is set to be put on display in NASA's Washington DC headquarters. A fitting resting place for a true hero.
The investigative “I-Team” for CBS affiliate KLAS-TV in Las Vegas, NV has brought forward new documents related to the secret Pentagon UFO program first revealed by the New York Times in December. But even stranger than the documents, which delved into theoretical warp drive and extra-dimensional technologies, was the response provided to KLAS-TV by an unnamed “senior manager” within the program, who connected the Pentagon’s UFO program to poltergeists, “invisible entities” and “bizarre creatures.”
The new statement from BAASS (Bigelow Aerospace Advanced Space Studies) to KLAS-TV indicates the team contracted by the Pentagon delved into phenomena far beyond the UFO purview indicated in the NYT’s original reveal, in some ways continuing the paranormal research begun by founder Richard Bigelow in the 90s.
“The investigations by BAASS provided new lines of evidence showing that the UFO phenomenon was a lot more than nuts and bolts machines that interacted with military aircraft,” the senior manager said. “The phenomenon also involved a whole panoply of diverse activity that included bizarre creatures, poltergeist activity, invisible entities, orbs of light, animal and human injuries and much more.”
The BAASS manager also described research methodologies tailored to explain multiple eyewitnesses reporting “widely different events.” The new methodology, premised on “utilizing the human body as a readout system for dissecting interactions with the UFO phenomenon,” was put in place because BAASS came to believe evidence indicated “the UFO phenomenon was capable of manipulating and distorting human perception,” making eyewitness testimony “increasingly untrustworthy.”
While it may sound more like a convenient method for explaining away incongruous accounts than rigorous science, the BAASS statement claims “the results of applying this new approach was a revolution in delineating the threat level of UFOs.”
While the statement advocates a wider approach to UFO research, to avoid the “myopic and unproductive” focus on “nuts and bolts machines,” it also takes as assumed new conclusions about the exact nature of the UFO phenomena, particularly in assigning agency to the phenomena. The statement describes BAASS’s new “forensic” approach as “aimed to bypass UFO deception and manipulation,” layering a sinister overtone atop the already threatening descriptions of human and animal injury (presumably alluding to the cattle mutilation phenomena). To what degree the poltergeists, bizarre creatures and invisible entities actively participate in the deception remains unclear. For now, compelling evidence, or any evidence at all, remains unavailable to the public.
The statement and documents published by the I-Team further complicate the contracting process described by the NYT, confirming the Defense Intelligence Agency originally sought bids under a different name: Advanced Aerospace Weapons Systems Application Program (AAWSAP), a claim originally made by UFO researcher Paul Ready and UFOs and the National Security State author Richard Dolan in April. The contract documents reveal an initial payment of $10 million, allocated to BAASS.
BAASS, created specifically for the Pentagon contract, conducted research both from Bigelow Aerospace headquarters in North Las Vegas and an infamous Utah ranch, formerly owned by Robert Bigelow (ownership has since transferred to Adamantium Real Estate, who manages the property on behalf of an anonymous owner). Commonly known as Skinwalker Ranch, the 480-acre property has been the site of reported cattle mutilations, UFO sightings and “large, ferocious animals with piercing yellow eyes” that bullets couldn’t injure. From 1996 to 2004, Bigelow investigated paranormal phenomena at and around the ranch under the umbrella of his now defunct research group, the National Institute for Discovery Science.
Could poltergeists, UFOs and other paranormal phenomena all be related? While it’s always possible new information from the Pentagon UFO program will provide actual data from Bigelow’s AAWSAP research, the presence of electrical engineer Dr. Harold Puthoff, one of the lead researchers for BAASS, warrants a default to skepticism. Puthoff, also one of the sources for the initial NYT disclosure, has a long history of promoting pseudoscience—endorsing psychic fraud Uri Geller and coming to the defense of L. Ron Hubbard's E-meter in a 1974 document Scientology developed for use by the government. Puthoff’s research team, EarthTech International, was subcontracted by Bigelow to write the recently revealed DIA reports.
Those reports don’t point to any new revolutions in science or UFO research. DIA documents for AAWSAP, like “Warp Drive, Dark Energy, and the Manipulation of Extra Dimensions,” are more summations of existing theoretical physics than radical alien technologies. “It’s bits and pieces of theoretical physics dressed up as if it has something to do with potentially real-world applications, which it doesn’t,” theoretical physicist Sean Carroll told Business Insider. “This is not something that’s going to connect with engineering anytime soon, probably anytime ever.”
A depiction of the workings of the theoretical Alcubierre warp drive, from "Warp Drive, Dark Energy, and the Manipulation of Extra Dimensions," a report provided by BAASS to the Defense Intelligence Agency.
DIA VIA KLAS-TV LAS VEGAS
Both Bigelow Aerospace and EarthTech International were contacted for comment. This article will be updated with their response, if provided.
While UFO researchers hope the reveal of AAWSAP will offer new opportunities for FOIA requests and further reveals, it’s the bright line to BAASS which most expands our understanding of the bizarre research avenues in the Pentagon’s Top Secret UFO program. Outlandish claims of poltergeists, reality-distorting encounters, alien alloys and groundbreaking technologies demand a subsequently high burden of proof. Disclosure of actual evidence could prove the difference between a radically new understanding of humanity’s place in the universe and just another wasteful Department of Defense budget line item.
The sun is a life-sustaining source of energy for life here on Earth. However, solar wind, a stream of charged gas streaming from its surface, can threaten the technologies that drive radio communications, satellites and power grids. Because the sun, and the solar wind, so directly and drastically affect us, it is imperative that we understand it better to protect ourselves against potential negative events. [NASA's Parker Solar Probe Mission to Touch the Sun Explained (Infographic)]
Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter will both observe the sun's corona — its unpredictable, gaseous outer atmosphere. If you were able to see the white, hair-like pieces surrounding the sun during the 2017 total solar eclipse, then you saw the solar corona. According to the NASA statement, many scientists believe that the corona could drive the speed of solar wind. However, the corona is not very well understood.
“Our goal is to understand how the sun works and how it affects the space environment to the point of predictability. This is really a curiosity-driven science," Chris St. Cyr, a Solar Orbiter project scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, said in the statement.
Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter — which are separate, but complementary, missions — aim to help researchers better understand the sun's unpredictable behavior. They will "be taking pictures of the sun's corona at the same time, and they’ll be seeing some of the same structures — what's happening at the poles of the sun and what those same structures look like at the equator," Christian said.
Solar Orbiter, which will orbit the sun on a tilt from 26 million miles away, will take the first-ever direct images of the sun's poles. This will allow scientists to better understand the sun's magnetic fields, since some of our star's magnetic activity is concentrated at its poles.
Parker Solar Probe will get significantly closer to the sun, inching as close as 3.8 million miles from its surface. From this close distance, the probe will be able to image solar wind, study magnetic fields and observe both plasma and energetic particles, NASA officials said in the statement. This probe will also carry with it a memory card holding 1,137,202 names, including William Shatner's — cheering it on as it travels to the sun.
We don't yet understand how the sun's magnetic field is created or structured, why its corona behaves in a way that seems impossible to predict, or what's influencing the dangerous solar wind. These two missions from NASA and ESA aim to change that.
Jeff Bezos Saves 'The Expanse,' Lays Out Vision for Human Space Colonies
Jeff Bezos Saves 'The Expanse,' Lays Out Vision for Human Space Colonies
By Douglas Messier, Space.com Contributor
LOS ANGELES — Before laying out his ambitious plan for humanity's future in space, Amazon and Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos had a bit of news to deliver during a gala dinner Friday night (May 25).
"During dinner, 10 minutes ago, I just got word that 'The Expanse' was saved," he said, referring to the futuristic space television series that was canceled by Syfy. Fans had urged Amazon Studios, which owns the U.S. streaming rights, to pick up the show for another season; the efforts included celebrity endorsements and even a banner flying over the company's headquarters.
Bezos announced the new development here at the Governors' Dinner at the National Space Society's International Space Development Conference. For his contribution to spaceflight, Bezos received the society's Gerard K. O'Neill Memorial Award for Space Settlement Advocacy, which O'Neill's widow, Tasha, presented to him. (Gerard K. O'Neill was a physicist and proponent of space colonization.)
Once the cheering died down, Bezos chatted space journalist Alan Boyle to lay out his expansive vision for where — just like on the TV show — millions of people will live and work in space colonies (although, hopefully, with less cross-solar-system conflict). Bezos said he and his spaceflight company, Blue Origin, can help save the world like he saved "The Expanse" — not from cancellation, but from stagnation and decline.
"We have resources to build room for a trillion humans in the solar system," Bezos said. "And when we have a trillion humans, we'll have a thousand Einsteins and a thousand Mozarts; it'll be a way more interesting place to live."
During the chat, the billionaire positioned himself as the successor to the late O'Neill, a former Princeton University professor who envisioned massive, Earth-like colonies floating in space during the 1970s in his book "The High Frontier."
"Professor O'Neill was very formative for me," Bezos said. "I read 'The High Frontier' in high school. I read it multiple times. And I was already primed. And as soon as I read it, it made sense to me. It seemed very clear that planetary surfaces were not the right place for an expanding civilization inside the solar system."
"For one, they're not that big," he added. "There's another argument I always make too, [which] is, they're hard to get to. [If] we build our own colonies, we can do them in near-Earth vicinity, because people will want to come back to Earth. Very few people — for a long time, anyway — are going to want to abandon Earth altogether." [Blue Origin Launches New Shepard Space Capsule on Highest Test Flight Yet]
By using the resources on the moon and in the asteroid belt, humans could build massive colonies to escape the limitations of Earth and avoid society's stagnation; the finite resources on Earth would keep humanity from growing to its full potential.Bezos said he thinks that is "a very bad future." "It's not the future that I want for my grandchildren or my grandchildren's grandchildren," he said. "And I doubt anybody in this room wants that for their descendants."
One key element of Bezos' plan is to move all heavy industry (such as mining and metal smelting) off the planet, with Earth being reserved for light industry (such as assembling products) and residential use.
"In the not-too-distant future — I'm talking decades, maybe a hundred years — it'll start to be easier to do a lot of the things we currently do on Earth in space because we'll have so much energy," he said, referring to space outposts run on solar power.
Bezos said that, to begin moving down this road, he founded Blue Origin in 2000. He sells about $1 billion worth of stock each year to fund the rocket company, whose motto in Latin is "Gradatim ferociter" (which means "Step by step, ferociously.")
Bezos drew a comparison between space colonization and his online business empire. When he started Amazon.com to sell products online, there was already a network (the internet) connected to personal computers, a payment system (credit cards) and multiple delivery systems (postal services, UPS, etc.). That infrastructure allowed online commerce to grow enormously.
Blue Origin's goal is to build a similar infrastructure so that entrepreneurs can expand into space. The company is developing two large, reusable rockets — called New Glenn and New Armstrong — in an effort to significantly bring down the cost of launching payloads into space.
"When we have that entrepreneurial dynamism in space, you will see how fast this vision … will happen," he said.
KLAS, the CBS affiliate in Las Vegas, obtained a copy of a report “prepared by and for the military” in 2009 that details multiple interactions with anomalous aerial vehicles (AAVs) over two weeks in late 2004. The report also discussed the high speed and advanced cloaking capabilities that allowed the AAVs to evade observation and detection.
“The AAVs would descend ‘very rapidly’ from approximately 60,000 feet down to approximately 50 feet in a matter of seconds,” the report noted.
“The disturbance appeared to be 50 to 100 meters in diameter and close to round. It was the only area and type of whitewater activity that could be seen and reminded him of images of something rapidly submerging from the surface like a submarine or a ship sinking.”
The disturbed area also resembled shoal water around “a barely submerged reef or island,” but as the pilot flew away, he could see that the disturbance had cleared and seas calmed. Although he never made visual contact with whatever caused the disturbance, the report stated that it may have been caused by an AAV, which was unseen due to cloaking “or invisible to the human eye.”
Another pilot described a disturbance beneath the water of an AAV that “looked like frothy waves and foam almost as if the water was boiling.”
A submarine in the vicinity did not detect anything unusual underwater. If an object was indeed in the Pacific Ocean, “it would represent a highly advanced capability given the advanced capability of our sensors.”
One aircrew reporting on the events received “a high level of ridicule” about the incident, the report noted.
The videos of the “Tic Tac” UFO caused a sensation when they were first released last year as the Times reported on a secret Pentagon UFO program that has now concluded with no evidence of alien life visiting the Earth. However, Luis Elizondo, the former military intelligence official who led the program, indicated that there was more information the public had not yet seen.
ANCIENT RACE OF WHITE GIANTS DESCRIBED IN NATIVE LEGENDS FROM MANY TRIBES
ANCIENT RACE OF WHITE GIANTS DESCRIBED IN NATIVE LEGENDS FROM MANY TRIBES
Several Native American tribes have passed down legends of a race of white giants who were wiped out. We’ll take a look at a few such legends, including those among the Choctaw and the Comanches of the United States down to the Manta of Peru.
“The tradition of the Choctaws… told of a race of giants that once inhabited the now State of Tennessee, and with whom their ancestors fought when they arrived in Mississippi in their migration from the west. … Their tradition states the Nahullo (race of giants) was of wonderful stature.”
A Choctaw stick-ball player, depicted by George Catlin in 1834.
Cushman said “Nahullo” came to be used to describe all white people, but it originally referred specifically to a giant white race with whom the Choctaw came into contact when they first crossed the Mississippi River. The Nahullo were said to be cannibals whom the Choctaw killed whenever the opportunity arose.
Chief Rolling Thunder of the Comanches, a tribe from the Great Plains, gave the following account of an ancient race of white giants in 1857:
“Innumerable moons ago, a race of white men, 10 feet high, and far more rich and powerful than any white people now living, here inhabited a large range of country, extending from the rising to the setting sun. Their fortifications crowned the summits of the mountains, protecting their populous cities situated in the intervening valleys.
“They excelled every other nation which was flourished, either before or since, in all manner of cunning handicraft — were brave and warlike — ruling over the land they had wrested from its ancient possessors with a high and haughty hand. Compared with them the palefaces of the present day were pygmies, in both art and arms. …”
Yates also writes of the Starnake people of Navajo legend, describing them as:
“A regal race of white giants endowed with mining technology who dominated the West, enslaved lesser tribes, and had strongholds all through the Americas. They were either extinguished or ‘went back to the heavens.’”
“There are, however, reports concerning giants in Peru, who landed on the coast at the point of Santa Elena. … The natives relate the following tradition, which had been received from their ancestors from very remote times.
“There arrived on the coast, in boats made of reeds, as big as large ships, a party of men of such size that, from the knee downwards, their height was as great as the entire height of an ordinary man, though he might be of good stature.
“Their limbs were all in proportion to the deformed size of their bodies, and it was a monstrous thing to see their heads, with hair reaching to the shoulders. Their eyes were as large as small plates.”
León said that the sexual habits of the giants were revolting to the Natives and heaven eventually wiped out the giants because of those habits.
The Paiutes are said to have an oral tradition that told of red-haired, white, cannibals about 10 feet tall who lived in or near what is now known as Lovelock Cave in Nevada.
It is unclear whether this “oral tradition” about the so-called Sitecah giants existed or if it was an exaggeration or distortion of their legends made after the Paiutes were mostly killed or dispersed in 1833 by an expedition by explorer Joseph Walker.
Brian Dunning of Skeptoid explored Paiutes legends and found no mention of the Sitecah being giants. It seems there was, however, a people who practiced cannibalism and who lived in Lovelock Cave.
Human remains have been found there, and a few of the human bones had the marrow removed, suggesting the marrow was eaten. Cannibalism seems to have been a rare practice among these peoples, however.
The remains do have red hair, but this may be because black hair can turn red with time.
Miners unearthed the artifacts in 1912, leaving them in a pile before eventually contacting the University of California. Anthropologist Llewellyn L. Loud traveled from the university to the site to investigate.
It is commonly agreed that excavation of the site was not handled well and certainly not up to modern standards. But some proponents of the Sitecah giants theory say researchers have deliberately covered up any giant remains found there.
SEARCH FOR SIGNS OF ALIEN CIVILISATIONS IN 100,000 GALAXIES HAS TURNED UP NOTHING
SEARCH FOR SIGNS OF ALIEN CIVILISATIONS IN 100,000 GALAXIES HAS TURNED UP NOTHING
Scientists have searched 100,000 galaxies for signs of advanced extraterrestrial life, and come back empty-handed. Using NASA’s WISE satellite, the researchers were looking for energy signatures that would suggest the use of advanced alien technology elsewhere in the Universe.
“The idea behind our research is that, if an entire galaxy had been colonised by an advanced spacefaring civilisation, the energy produced by that civilisation’s technologies would be detectable in mid-infrared wavelengths – exactly the radiation that the WISE satellite was designed to detect,” lead researcher Jason T. Wright, an astrophysicist at Penn State University in the US, said in a press release.
It sounds a little whacky, but the physics is solid – if a clever alien society hasworked out how to harness the energy from its galaxy’s stars and is using it to power technology, such as space flight, communication, or something beyond what we can imagine, then we should be able to detect it.
“Fundamental thermodynamics tells us that this energy must be radiated away as heat in the mid-infrared wavelengths,” explained Wright in the release. “This same basic physics causes your computer to radiate heat while it is turned on.”
The hypothesis that we can detect advanced civilisations by their energy emissions was first proposed in the 1960s by theoretical physicist Freeman Dyson, but it’s only recently that we’ve had technology to help us do this. To search for these heat signatures, Wright and his team scoured nearly the entire catalogue of the WISE (which stands for Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, by the way) satellite’s detections – almost 100 million entries – for any sign of galaxies emitting more mid-infrared radiation than expected.
The most promising 100,000 candidates were then individually studied. While 50 of these galaxies did emit high levels of mid-infrared radiation, the numbers didn’t suggest any kind of alien civilisation. But the researchers will follow up with further observations.
“They are almost certainly natural astronomical phenomena, but we need to study them more carefully before we can say for sure exactly what’s going on,” said Steinn Sigurdsson, one of the researchers, in the release. The results have been published in The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series.
This is the first time that such an extensive search of galaxies’ heat emissions has been conducted, and it provides new insight into the galaxies in our Universe, and also suggests that alien civilisations may not be out there – or may not look and act the way we expect them to.
“Our results mean that, out of the 100,000 galaxies that WISE could see in sufficient detail, none of them is widely populated by an alien civilisation using most of the starlight in its galaxy for its own purposes,” said Wright. “That’s interesting because these galaxies are billions of years old, which should have been plenty of time for them to have been filled with alien civilisations, if they exist. Either they don’t exist, or they don’t yet use enough energy for us to recognise them.”
This is the dilemma at the heart of the Fermi Paradox. Logically, there have been plenty of opportunities for life to occur around the Universe, so where are all the aliens? The short video below has some interesting ideas, but Wright hopes that his work will help provide some solid answers.
“As we look more carefully at the light from these galaxies,” he said. “We should be able to push our sensitivity to alien technology down to much lower levels, and to better distinguish heat resulting from natural astronomical sources from heat produced by advanced technologies. This pilot study is just the beginning.”
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Scientists have found on Mars an ideal place for extraterrestrial life
Scientists have found on Mars an ideal place for extraterrestrial life
An international group of scientists led by astrobiologist Sean McMahon of the University of Edinburgh suggested that iron-rich rocks on Mars near the ancient dried-up lakes are the most suitable place to look for traces of microorganisms that lived billions of years ago.
An international group of scientists led by astrobiologist Sean McMahon of the University of Edinburgh suggested that iron-rich rocks on Mars near the ancient dried-up lakes are the most suitable place to look for traces of microorganisms that lived billions of years ago. The article is published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. This is reported by the publication Science Alert.
At the moment, there is no evidence that Mars was inhabited, but there were once life-friendly conditions on the planet. Observations from the orbit showed that on the surface there are dried river valleys, winding and branched channels, lakes typical for lakes in depressions of the relief, as well as cones of eruption formed by deposits in the mouths of water streams.
Liquid water existed there 4,100-3500 million years ago, when Mars possessed a dense atmosphere, preventing the penetration of harmful solar radiation.
The experts analyzed the available scientific literature and identified the places that are best suited to search for traces of microbial life on Mars, if it ever existed. They are rich in iron and silica lacustrine deposits, which correspond to an oxidation-reduction medium, suitable for bacteria with anaerobic metabolism. They are also suitable for fossilization – the process of transformation of dead organisms into fossils. Another suitable place may be former hot springs, but their existence on Mars must be confirmed.
In 2020, NASA will launch the Mars 2020 mission as part of the long-term Mars Exploration Program. A rover will be sent to the Red Planet, similar in design to the rover Curiosity. The new planet-boat is designed for astrobiological studies of ancient rocks and the search for traces of life. It will be equipped with a drone for reconnaissance and have greater mobility than its predecessor, but scientists believe that the success of the mission depends on the successful choice of the landing site.
A scientist from Russia proposed a gloomy explanation of the Fermi paradox
A scientist from Russia proposed a gloomy explanation of the Fermi paradox
The unimaginable size of the universe for a long time made scientists believe in the almost infinite abundance of the worlds inhabited in it. If so, then where is everything? In general, this is the whole essence of the so-called Fermi paradox, a puzzling scientific anomaly that indicates the absence of visible traces of the activity of extraterrestrial civilizations that would have to be scattered throughout the universe for billions of years of its development. Only one of our Milky Way galaxy has several billion stars according to various estimates, but we still did not find any signs of the existence of extraterrestrials. Actually, why?
The paradox formulated several decades ago has been puzzled by more than one generation of scientists and thinkers. Hypotheses were advanced that aliens simply “sleep”, thus showing no signs of their activity. Others assumed that the technological development of extraterrestrial civilizations is hampered by some incomprehensible factors. Or maybe they just do not want to communicate with us and carefully hide their presence?
However, the theoretical physicist Alexander Berezin of the National Research University “Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology” has his own opinion about why we are still alone in the universe. In a paper titled “First in, last out”, whose preret is on arXiv.org and awaits evaluation by other scientists, Berezin offers his solution to the Fermi paradox. Berezin himself calls it “trivial, not having any contradictory assumptions,” but at the same time “difficult to accept, as it predicts the future that awaits our own civilization.” And this future will be worse than extinction. ” In his work, Berezin notes that the main problem of the previously proposed solutions to the Fermi paradox is due to the fact that they all too narrow the possible range of species of extraterrestrial life.
“Some specific nature of civilizations reaching the interstellar level should not be taken into account at all, since it does not play any role,” Berezin said.
“They can be biological organisms, like we, for example, or artificial intellects, rebelling against their creators, or in general the quintessence of the collective mind of the planetary level, like the one described by Stanislaw Lem in Solaris.”
But even with such a variety, we still do not see any signs of the existence of other civilizations in space. Nevertheless, according to Berezin, the only parameter that must be taken into account for the solution of the paradox – from the point of view of determining extraterrestrial life – is our ability to detect the existence of this life.
“The only variable that we are able to measure objectively is, perhaps, at what distance can we determine the existence of life in space from the Earth,” Berezin said. “For simplicity, let’s call it” parameter A “.”
If the intelligent extraterrestrial civilization for some reason failed to achieve the required “parameter A” – did not develop methods of interstellar travel, communication methods, or other ways to demonstrate its existence to the rest of the cosmos – it will still exist, but it will not help us in solving the paradox . The real solution to the Fermi paradox, proposed by Berezin, follows a rather gloomy scenario.
“Actually, why are we so sure that the first living species that has achieved the possibility of interstellar travel will not destroy all the” competing “civilizations discovered in its path in order to further its expansion?” Berezin asks. Readers familiar with the novel by Douglas Adams “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” can remember the incident that laid the foundation for the entire plot. There one kind of very highly developed aliens decided to build an intergalactic highway right through the place where our Earth is located, not really caring about the life that can exist on it. Berezin explains that this is only an assumption. The scientist notes that a highly developed civilization can destroy other living forms at all not consciously. Literally this without even suspecting.
“They can do it quite by accident and do not even notice it. We, too, do not notice how we destroy the same anthill in the construction of the road? We do not even think about it. ” No, Berezin does not say that we are ants and the reason why we have not yet found extraterrestrial civilizations is that they have not yet decided to build a new road through us. On the contrary, the scientist believes that in the future we ourselves will become destroyers of the worlds, which we are looking for all this time.
“Assuming that the proposed hypothesis is correct, what future awaits us?” “The only solution is to turn to the anthropic principle. We will be the first to reach the interstellar level. And, most likely, the last who will end their existence. ” Again, such a potential destruction of all life on the path of expansion does not have to be pre-engineered and organized – it can be the result of a larger system – something that does not lend itself to any attempts to control the process. As an example, Berezin leads the capitalism of free competition, and as another – artificial intelligence, not limited to the power given to him.
“Only one evil AI will potentially be able to populate an entire superexplosion with copies of itself, turning every solar system into a kind of collective supercomputer. And here it does not even make sense to ask why he should do this, “Berezin said. “The answer will be obvious: because he can.” According to Berezin, we can become winners in the deadly competition, of which we do not even suspect participation. Moreover, we are the answer to the paradox. It is we, our species, who will populate the entire universe, destroying everything that gets in the way. It is impossible to exclude this possibility, Berezin believes, since to stop this process “it will require the existence of forces far greater than mere free will.” Berezin himself admits that he very much hopes that he is mistaken in his assumption.
“The only way to find out the truth is to continue exploring the universe in the hope of finding a different life,” the scientist says. Although from all of the above, some will certainly conclude that now this may not be the wisest way to proceed.
There may be a strange reason why we haven't been able to track down aliens despite the vast size of the universe.
A theoretical physicist believes its because 'alien killer robots may have destroyed every extraterrestrial civilisation' in the cosmos.
Alexander Berezin of the National Research University of Electronic Technology in Russia came up with bizarre theory to explain something known as the 'Fermi paradox'.
This paradox describes the contradiction between the likelihood that alien life is present somewhere in the vastness of the universe, and the lack of any evidence to prove its existence.
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According to one scientist, any civilisation that is capable of colonising beyond its own planet 'necessarily eradicates all competition to fuel its own expansion'
The Fermi Paradox, named after physicist Enrico Fermi, has perplexed scientists for decades.
But Professor Berezin suggests it occurs because advanced civilizations will destroy other lifeforms with their technology.
He believes any civilisations of ‘biological organisms like ourselves or rogue AIs that rebelled against their creators’ which tries to colonise other planets will inevitably destroy every species in its way.
Berezin has published a paper, which has yet to be peer-reviewed, which describes his so-called ‘first in, last out’ solution to the Fermi Paradox.
He writes: ‘I am not suggesting that a highly developed civilization would consciously wipe out other lifeforms.
‘Most likely, they simply won’t notice, the same way a construction crew demolishes an anthill to build real estate because they lack incentive to protect it.’
WHAT IS THE FERMI PARADOX?
The Fermi Paradox questions why, given the estimated 200bn-400bn stars and at least 100bn planets in our galaxy, there have been no signs of alien life.
The contradiction is named after its creator, Italian physicist Enrico Fermi.
He first posed the question back in 1950.
Fermi believed it was too extraordinary that a single extraterrestrial signal or engineering project has yet to be detected in the universe — despite its immense vastness.
Fermi concluded there must a barrier that limits the rise of intelligent, self-aware, technologically advanced space-colonising civilisations.
This barrier is sometimes referred to as the 'Great Filter'.
Italian physicist Enrico Fermi devised the so-called Fermi Paradox in the 1950s. It explores why there is no sign of alien life, despite the 100 billions planets in our galaxy
If the main obstacle preventing the colonisation of other planets is not in our past, then the barrier that will stop humanity's prospects of reaching other worlds must lie in our future, scientists have theorised.
Professor Brian Cox believes the advances in science and engineering required by a civilisation to start conquering the stars ultimately lead to its destruction.
He said: 'One solution to the Fermi paradox is that it is not possible to run a world that has the power to destroy itself and that needs global collaborative solutions to prevent that.
‘It may be that the growth of science and engineering inevitably outstrips the development of political expertise, leading to disaster.'
Other possible explanations for the Fermi Paradox include that no other intelligent species have arisen in the universe, intelligent alien species are out there — but lack the necessary technology to communicate with Earth.
Some believe that the distances between intelligent civilsations are too great to allow any kind of two-way communication.
If two worlds are separated by several thousand light-years, it's possible that one or both civilisation will be extinct before a dialogue can be established.
The so-called Zoo hypothesis claims intelligent alien life is out there, but deliberately avoids any contact with life on Earth to allow its natural evolution.
If humanity achieves interstellar travel and begins colonising any of the estimated 100 billion planets in our galaxy alone, it will eradicate ‘all competition to fuel its own expansion’.
But if humanity doesn’t achieve this advanced level of space travel, it is doomed to be eradicated by aliens or extraterrestrial AI-powered computers as they expand their civilisation.
Berezin warns: ‘The incentive to grab all available resources is strong, and it only takes one bad actor to ruin the equilibrium, with no possibility to prevent them from appearing at interstellar scale
‘One rogue AI can potentially populate the entire supercluster with copies of itself, turning every solar system into a supercomputer, and there is no use asking why it would do that.
‘All that matters is that it can.’
A.A. Berezin cautions that rogue AIs that rebelled against their creators could pose a threat to humanity if it does not begin colonising the stars first
According to the paper, the only way for humanity to avoid destruction from a superior extraterrestrial race is to become the first to conquer the stars.
The latest solution to the Fermi Paradox is one of a multitude of possible explanations.
Professor Brian Cox believes the advances in science and engineering required by any civilisation to start conquering the universe will ultimately lead to the destruction of the lifeform itself.
Speaking to The Times, Professor Cox said: ‘One solution to the Fermi paradox is that it is not possible to run a world that has the power to destroy itself and that needs global collaborative solutions to prevent that.
It may be that the growth of science and engineering inevitably outstrips the development of political expertise, leading to disaster.'
Some believe that the distances between intelligent civilsations are too great to allow any kind of two-way communication.
If two worlds are separated by several thousand light-years, it's possible that one or both civilisation will be extinct before a dialogue can be established.
The so-called Zoo hypothesis claims intelligent alien life is out there, but deliberately avoids any contact with life on Earth to allow its natural evolution.
WHAT ARE THE KEY DISCOVERIES HUMANITY HAS MADE IN ITS SEARCH FOR ALIEN LIFE?
Discovery of pulsars
British astronomer Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell was the first person to discover a pulsar in 1967 when she spotted a radio pulsar.
Since then other types of pulsars that emit x-rays and gamma rays have also been spotted.
Pulsars are essentially rotating, highly magnatised neutron stars but when they were first discovered it was believed they could come from aliens.
'Wow!' radio signal
In 1977, an astronomer looking for alien life in the nigh sky above Ohio spotted a powerful radio signal so strong that he excitedly wrote 'Wow!' next to his data.
In 1977, an astronomer looking for alien life in the nigh sky above Ohio spotted a powerful radio signal so strong that he excitedly wrote 'Wow!' next to his data
The 72-second blast, spotted by Dr Jerry Ehman through a radio telescope, came from Sagittarius but matched no known celestial object.
Conspiracy theorists have since claimed that the 'Wow! signal', which was 30 times stronger than background radiation, was a message from intelligent extraterrestrials.
Fossilised martian microbes
In 1996 Nasa and the White House made the explosive announcement that the rock contained traces of Martian bugs.
The meteorite, catalogued as Allen Hills (ALH) 84001, crashed onto the frozen wastes of Antarctica 13,000 years ago and was recovered in 1984.
Photographs were released showing elongated segmented objects that appeared strikingly lifelike.
Photographs were released showing elongated segmented objects that appeared strikingly lifelike
However, the excitement did not last long. Other scientists questioned whether the meteorite samples were contaminated.
They also argued that heat generated when the rock was blasted into space may have created mineral structures that could be mistaken for microfossils.
Behaviour of Tabby's Star in 2005
The star, otherwise known as KIC 8462852, is located 1,400 light years away and has baffled astonomers since being discovered in 2015.
It dims at a much faster rate than other stars, which some experts have suggested is a sign of aliens harnessing the energy of a star.
The star, otherwise known as KIC 8462852, is located 1,400 light years away and has baffled astonomers since being discovered in 2015
Recent studies have 'eliminated the possibility of an alien megastructure', and instead, suggests that a ring of dust could be causing the strange signals.
Exoplanets in the Goldilocks zone in 2015
In February this year astronomers announced they had spotted a star system with planets that could support life just 39 light years away.
Seven Earth-like planets were discovered orbiting nearby dwarf star 'Trappist-1', and all of them could have water at their surface, one of the key components of life.
Three of the planets have such good conditions, that scientists say life may have already evolved on them.
Researchers claim that they will know whether or not there is life on any of the planets within a decade, and said 'this is just the beginning.'
Since that time, scientists have conducted multiple surveys in the hopes of find indications of “technosignatures” – i.e. evidence of technologically-advanced life (such as radio communications).
To put it plainly, if humanity were to receive a message from an extraterrestrial civilisation right now, it would be the single greatest event in the history of civilisation.
But according to a new study, such a message could also pose a serious risk to humanity. Drawing on multiple possibilities that have been explored in detail, they consider how humanity could shield itself from malicious spam and viruses.
Together, they examine some of the foregone conclusions about SETI and what is more likely to be the case.
To be fair, the notion that an extraterrestrial civilisation could pose a threat to humanity is not just a well-worn science fiction trope. For decades, scientists have treated it as a distinct possibility and considered whether or not the risks outweigh the possible benefits.
As a result, some theorists have suggested that humans should not engage in SETI at all, or that we should take measures to hide our planet.
As Learned told Universe Today via email, there has never been a consensus among SETI researchers about whether or not ETI would be benevolent:
“There is no compelling reason at all to assume benevolence (for example that ETI are wise and kind due to their ancient civilisation’s experience).
I find much more compelling the analogy to what we know from our history… Is there any society anywhere which has had a good experience after meeting up with a technologically advanced invader? Of course it would go either way, but I think often of the movie Alien… a credible notion it seems to me.”
In addition, assuming that an alien message could pose a threat to humanity makes practical sense.
Given the sheer size of the Universe and the limitations imposed by special relativity (i.e. no known means of faster-than-light travel), it would always be cheaper and easier to send a malicious message to eradicate a civilisation compared to an invasion fleet.
As a result, Hippke and Learned advise that SETI signals be vetted and/or “decontaminated” beforehand.
In terms of how a SETI signal could constitute a threat, the researchers outline a number of possibilities.
Beyond the likelihood that a message could convey misinformation designed to cause a panic or self-destructive behaviour, there is also the possibility that it could contain viruses or other embedded technical issues (i.e. the format could cause our computers to crash).
They also note that, when it comes to SETI, a major complication arises from the fact that no message is likely to be received in only one place (thus making containment possible).
Article 6 of this declaration states the following:
“The discovery should be confirmed and monitored and any data bearing on the evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence should be recorded and stored permanently to the greatest extent feasible and practicable, in a form that will make it available for further analysis and interpretation.
These recordings should be made available to the international institutions listed above and to members of the scientific community for further objective analysis and interpretation.”
As such, a message that is confirmed to have originated from an ETI would most likely be made available to the entire scientific community before it could be deemed to be threatening in nature.
Even if there was only one recipient, and they attempted to keep the message under strict lock and key, it’s a safe bet that other parties would find a way to access it before long.
The question naturally arises then, what can be done?
One possibility that Hippke and Learned suggest is to take a analog approach to interpreting these messages, which they illustrate using the 2017 SETI Decrypt Challenge as an example.
This challenge, which was issued by René Heller of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, consisted of a sequence of about two million binary digits and related information being posted to social media.
In addition to being a fascinating exercise that gave the public a taste of what SETI research means, the challenge also sough to address some central questions when it came to communicating with an ETI.
Foremost among these was whether or not humanity would be able to understand a message from an alien civilisation, and how we might be able to make a message comprehensible (if we sent one first).
As they state:
“As an example, the message from the “SETI Decrypt Challenge” (Heller 2017) was a stream of 1,902,341 bits, which is the product of prime numbers. Like the Arecibo message (Staff At The National Astronomy Ionosphere Center 1975) and Evpatoria’s “Cosmic Calls” (Shuch 2011), the bits represent the X/Y black/white pixel map of an image.
When this is understood, further analysis could be done off-line by printing on paper. Any harm would then come from the meaning of the message, and not from embedded viruses or other technical issues.”
However, where messages are made up of complex codes or even a self-contained AI, the need for sophisticated computers may be unavoidable.
In this case, the authors explore another popular recommendation, which is the use of quarantined machines to conduct the analysis – i.e. a message prison.
Unfortunately, they also acknowledge that no prison would be 100 percent effective and containment could eventually fail.
“This scenario resembles the Oracle-AI, or AI box, of an isolated computer system where a possibly dangerous AI is ‘imprisoned’ with only minimalist communication channels,” they write.
“Current research indicates that even well-designed boxes are useless, and a sufficiently intelligent AI will be able to persuade or trick its human keepers into releasing it.”
In the end, it appears that the only real solution is to maintain a vigilant attitude and ensure that any messages we send are as benign as possible.
As Hippke summarised: “I think it’s overwhelmingly likely that a message will be positive, but you can not be sure. Would you take a 1 percent chance of death for a 99 percent chance of a cure for all diseases? One learning from our paper is how to design [our] own message, in case we decide to send any: Keep it simple, don’t send computer code.”
Basically, when it comes to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, the rules of internet safety may apply. If we begin to receive messages, we shouldn’t trust those that come with big attachments and send any suspicious looking ones to our spam folder.
Oh, and if a sender is promising the cure for all known diseases, or claims to be the deposed monarch of Andromeda in need of some cash, we should just hit delete!
Daytime UFO activity over Montréal, Canada 29-May-2018
Daytime UFO activity over Montréal, Canada 29-May-2018
New footage of a bright UFOs in the sky above Montreal in Canada. This was filmed on 29th May 2018.
2 like sphere with 2 rotating lights. I was sit on picnic table with a friend. I saw 2 objects in the sky. I was curious about what it is. I record these on my iphone. I stop recording when the object sere to far.
Moet je stekkers uit het stopcontact trekken als het bliksemt ? (en 6 andere vragen over onweer) - HLN.be
Moet je stekkers uit het stopcontact trekken als het bliksemt ? (en 6 andere vragen over onweer) - HLN.be
WEERNIEUWSHoe uitzonderlijk zijn felle onweersbuien in mei en wat kan je doen om een blikseminslag te voorkomen? “De kans dat je van de trap valt, is veel groter dan dat je door een bliksem wordt geraakt,” aldus Frank Deboosere. Zeven vragen en antwoorden over het onweer, nu het KMI code oranje voor het hele land afkondigt.
1. Waarom onweert het zo vaak de afgelopen dagen?
“Enerzijds is er een lagedrukgebied boven Frankrijk, en tegelijkertijd een hogedrukgebied boven Scandinavië,” legt weerman David Dehenauw uit. “Dat zorgt bij ons voor warme temperaturen en een hoge vochtigheid, waardoor er makkelijk onweer ontstaat.” Het gaat niet om een uitzonderlijk fenomeen, vult weerman Frank Deboosere aan. “Dit zijn typische zomerse onweders, die ontstaan op warme dagen. Weerkundig gezien is het nog steeds lente, maar qua temperaturen zijn we al volop in zomermodus.” Mei telt gemiddeld 13,5 onweersdagen, volgens cijfers van het KMI. Als het weer de komende dagen de voorspellingen volgt, zouden dat er dit jaar 17 kunnen worden. Dat is iets boven het gemiddelde, maar komt nog niet in de buurt van het record uit 1981 met 22 onweersdagen.
2. Hoe komt het dat die onweersbuien zo plaatselijk zijn?
“De afgelopen dagen kampten we niet met een grootschalige storing over het hele land, maar met lokaal erg verschillende onweerszones,” zegt Dehenauw. “Het zijn vaak hele kleine plaatselijke verschillen in de atmosfeer die lokaal voor onweer kunnen zorgen. Een bepaalde luchtvochtigheid, in combinatie met hoe de wind waait enzovoort. Waar het onweer zal ontstaan, is daarom erg moeilijk te voorspellen.” “Zomers onweer beslaat nooit grote regio’s tegelijkertijd, omdat er simpelweg niet genoeg water voor in de atmosfeer is,” zegt Deboosere. “Als er op sommige plaatsen meer dan 50 liter water per vierkante meter valt, kan er ergens anders niet nog eens zoveel water uit de lucht vallen.”
De kans dat je van de trap valt is veel groter dan de kans dat je door een bliksem geraakt wordt
Weerman Frank Deboosere
3. Moeten we onze elektrische apparaten uit het stopcontact halen als het onweert?
“Ja en zelfs nu nog meer dan vroeger,” tipt Deboosere. “We hebben intussen veel meer gevoelige elektronische apparaten dan pakweg vijftig jaar geleden, toen we hooguit een telefoon en een televisietoestel hadden. Als een bliksem inslaat, dan loopt die elektrische lading nog een tijdje door in de grond en via onder- en bovengrondse elektriciteitskabels. Zo kan een blikseminslag op enkele tientallen meters van jouw huis ook aan jouw apparaten schade aanrichten. Trek dus de computer, televisie, maar ook het wasmachine en de droogkast uit als er onweer zit aan te komen. Leg de stekkers ver genoeg weg van het stopcontact.”
4. Hoe groot is de kans op een blikseminslag?
“In België is er gemiddeld om de 20 maanden een blikseminslag per vierkante kilometer, oftewel 0,7 inslagen per jaar per vierkante kilometer.” legt Deboosere uit. “Dat cijfer is relatief en er zijn meer blikseminslagen in Hoog-België dan in Laag- en Midden-België. Het aantal mensen dat door een bliksem wordt getroffen, ligt met minder dan tien per jaar erg laag. De kans dat je van de trap valt, is veel groter dan de kans dat je ooit door een bliksem wordt geraakt. Bovendien is er nog één kans op de drie om te overleven als je door een bliksem wordt getroffen.”
Pas in de loop van het weekend ziet het er beter uit op de weerkaarten
5. Waar kan je beter (niet) schuilen als het onweert?
Blijf binnen, sluit de ramen en ga niet te dicht bij het raam staan. Ook in de wagen ben je veilig. Loop je toch over straat als er een onweer losbarst, maak je dan zo klein mogelijk, hou je voeten tegen elkaar en ga gehurkt zitten. Ga vooral niet schuilen onder een boom, wat de kans op een blikseminslag vergroot. Ben je met meerdere personen, probeer jullie dan zoveel mogelijk te verspreiden over het terrein. “De eerste bliksems zijn het gevaarlijkst,” aldus Deboosere. “Vaak regent het dan nog niet, waardoor je zelf nog niet nat bent. Water is een goede geleider, dus met een natte jas heb je een kleiner risico op het raken van vitale organen.” Toch wil Deboosere benadrukken dat een code oranje geen reden tot paniek mag zijn. “Het is een richtlijn die aangeeft dat je voorzichtig moet zijn en maatregelen kan nemen om je voor te bereiden. In zones die gevoelig zijn voor wateroverlast kan de riool worden vrijgemaakt of zandzakjes worden uitgedeeld bijvoorbeeld. Die kleurencodes zijn bedoeld om schade te voorkomen, niet om paniek te zaaien.”
6. Hoe weet je of er een onweer zit aan te komen in jouw buurt?
“Je kan een app met een buienradar raadplegen, die meestal voorspellingen maakt op basis van waar het op dit moment al onweert,” zegt Deboosere. “Zo’n apps concluderen bijvoorbeeld als het nu in Luik onweert, dat Limburg daarna zal volgen, op basis van de windrichting. Ikzelf gebruik de app van het KMI, die behalve de radarbeelden ook een mathematisch model gebruikt om te bekijken of de windrichting nog evolueert. Zo krijg je een meer accurate voorspelling.”
7. Blijft het onweer nog langer aanhouden?
“Woensdag zou het iets minder hevig zijn, maar donderdag is er opnieuw een grotere kans op onweer,” voorspelt Deboosere. “Pas in de loop van het weekend ziet het er iets beter uit op de weerkaarten.”
The 1970s had the Pentagon Papers – the documents released in 1971 by Daniel Ellsberg which detailed how President Johnson’s administration “systematically lied, not only to the public but also to Congress” about the Vietnam War, secret bombings of Cambodia and Laos, raids on North Vietnam and more. It looks like the 2010s are becoming the era of the Pentagon Tapes – the videos released detailing U.S. military encounters with UFOs and a secretive Defense Department program that investigated the sightings. The Pentagon Tapes are not as controversial as the Pentagon Papers … yet. However, if new reports keeping being released or leaked and they start to sound more and more like an extraterrestrial coverup, they could be bigger than the Pentagon itself.
The latest 13-page document was obtained by George Knapp, the award-winning investigative reporter at KLAS-TV in Las Vegas and a frequent host on Coast to Coast AM. The announcement by KLAS doesn’t reveal how it obtained the information but it has been working with former Senator Harry Reid who has said many times that there is considerable information available about military UFO encounters. That includes those seen in 2004 by crew members on the U.S.S. Nimitz aircraft carrier, the U.S.S. Princeton and a number of F-18 pilots who provided the video feeds and shocking commentary.
“Over a two-week period in late 2004, an unknown, 45-foot long Tic Tac shaped object played cat and mouse with the U.S. Navy off the coast of California.”
Knapp reports on lasvegasnow.com that this was not a single UFO incident but a series of encounters lasting two weeks. The report refers to them as Anomalous Aerial Vehicles (AAV) but social media today calls them the Tic Tac UFOs because of their white elongated oval shape.
“Among the key findings in the report — the AAV is not something that belongs to the U.S. or any other nation. It was so advanced, it rendered U.S. capabilities ineffective. It showed velocities far greater than anything known to exist, and it could turn itself invisible, both to radar and the human eye. Essentially, it was undetectable, and unchallenged.”
According to Knapp, claims like that in the report are corroborated by seven F-18 pilots and by radar operators on the ships, who saw the AAV descend from 60,000 feet down to 50 feet in seconds, remain stationary, accelerate to high speeds and make impossible turns – at least for known aircraft.
“At no time did they consider the AAV a threat to the battle group. Finally, they had never seen anything like this before and never again.”
No harm, no foul. No further investigation occurred at the time, although there is apparently another secret report from five years later that Knapp believes will never be released.
A simulation of the Tic Tac UFO
Why not? This one was. Well, kind of. Take a good look at it.
“The analysis report is not dated and has no logo, but four separate people who are familiar with its contents confirmed to the I-Team it is the real deal and was written as part of a Pentagon program.”
Are these Pentagon Papers or is this a Pentagon caper? As is so often the case, these UFO reports contain fuzzy photos, fuzzy documents and fuzzy sources. What’s clear is that many people like George Knapp, Harry Reid, Tom DeLonge and others believe the unfuzzy photos, documents and sources exist and they plan to keep on looking.
In some ways, mummies are the closest thing we have to real-life time travelers from the past. These preserved bodies clue us in on the ways people lived in ages long past and even reveal what they believed about death and the afterlife. Mummies are also an enduring source of mystery, as they rarely ever reveal a complete picture of their lives, deaths, or mummifications. Case in point: earlier this year, a bizarre and terrifying tiny mummy made headlines when modern DNA analysis revealed it to be merely the mummified skeleton of a horribly disfigured child as opposed to the alien everyone hoped it was.
Now, the mystery of another child mummy which has perplexed archaeologists has been unraveled, revealing a previously unknown mummification technique. In 2005, an archaeological excavation at a cemetery in a small village revealed over 500 graves dating from the 12th and 16th centuries. Among the discoveries was a tiny mummified child’s hand which had turned a rich, dark green over the centuries. The means by which the hand was mummified and became green remained a mystery until researchers at the University of Szeged in Hungary recently performed a detailed chemical analysis, publishing their results in the journal Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.
According to the study, the tiny green hand belonged to either a stillbirth or a premature baby which died short after birth. The skeletal remains had levels of copper hundreds of times higher than average, the highest researchers had ever seen in a mummy. More interestingly, a copper coin was clutched in the baby’s hand. The researchers concluded that the copper’s antimicrobial effects helped protect the hand from decay, leading to its mummification as the rest of the body decomposed with the aid of bacteria. If confirmed, this would be the first known case of copper mummification.
The practice of placing coins on the eyes of the recently deceased is primarily associated with the ancient Greeks and Romans, although many Middle Eastern or Western Asian cultures practiced it as well.
The practice of burying loved ones with coins has been observed around the world throughout history, although it’s generally assumed that this practice stems from the belief that loved ones might need money in the afterlife for various reasons. Could they have been in cluded in other burials for the inherent microbial properties of the metals they were made from, or is this all a macabre coincidence?
Popular Group Of Researchers Release Videos Allegedly Showing Evidence Pilots Have Encountered With UFOs
Popular Group Of Researchers Release Videos Allegedly Showing Evidence Pilots Have Encountered With UFOs
Newly released videos apparently show military pilots encountering unidentified foreign objects.
To the Stars Academy for Arts and Science group claims that they have the videos that show proof pilots are coming into contact with UFOs
According to UFO researcher and board member of the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) Rob Swiatek, these types of sightings have been going on for decades, and they can’t explain them. Swiatek added that the UFO seemed to move in intelligent manners and patterns, and it did not seem to be a natural phenomenon.
Swiatek said that there were thousands of UFO reports across the world every year. While UFO investigators can find explanations for the vast majority, 20% remains a mystery, he added
Swiatek believes that they are dealing with another intelligence, but cannot prove it.
The releasing of the videos spark a renewed interest whether or not aliens are piloting their spaceships. The New York Times reported in December about a military project Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program, which looked into UFO reports. The official announcement says the program ceased to operate in 2012, but many speculate the work continues.
Hampton Roads have many sightings, local researchers say. UFO Club of Virginia President Jessica Youness believes alien life has existed in our universe for millions of years.
Youness has shared her UFO sighting while walking her dog in Virginia Beach where she felt it was getting closer. She told her husband candidly that they should go in because it was coming closer.
Despite seeing a UFO herself, she tried to take a sceptical approach in her UFO report investigations. She explains that she wants to get rid of the sceptics and people who just want attention.
Researchers say they need the scientific community to prove there are extraterrestrials. Swiatek stressed that they need scientists and money to bring a lot of necessary brains and scientific tools to bear on the project, which has never been done to a large extent.
The Navy released a statement saying that most sightings by aviators are explainable while admitting that some are not. However, they noted that experimental aircraft, drones, and weather balloons are often challenging to identify from a distance while flying at high speed. They further stated that any UFO sighting is reported to the air space’s commanding authority.
It’s very cool, and we’d recommend diving in immediately to play around with it. It’s amazing to be able to get a 360° view of these worlds, and although they may have the graphical resolution of a slightly outdated video game, it’s easy to forget that these aren’t works of fiction, but representations of real worlds, out there, waiting to be explored.
When it comes to what these planets look like, though, there’s a fair bit of well-reasoned, artistic license at play. NASA acknowledge this upfront; we just haven’t gathered enough data yet to paint a fuller picture of these celestial objects in many cases.
In fact, much about the nearly 3,200 known planets beyond our own Solar System remains a bit enigmatic, down to the fact that we often can’t observe them directly, nor in high resolution. As explained over at the NASA Exoplanet Archive, we mostly detect these worlds indirectly.
Sometimes they move or “transit” in front of their host star, and we can see their silhouette. If the light passes through the atmosphere, the subsequent spectrographic analysis of the incoming light tells us what the gaseous envelope, if any, is comprised of.
Proxima b (a likely rocky world in the star system nearest our own) and the TRAPPIST star system (a bit further out, but also potentially habitable) were detected because they were pulling on their host stars, which caused them to wobble ever so slightly. Through this wobble, a surprising amount of physical parameters can be ascertained about these worlds, but the atmosphere is a different kettle of fish.
Some planets are massive enough to distort the light emerging from their host stars. This warping of the fabric of spacetime means that, sometimes, the light rays are focused and the entire endeavor becomes a cosmic magnifying glass. This distortion can also be picked up by exoplanet hunters.
Just a handful have been directly detected, but that’s rare. It’s like looking for a speck of dust attached to a massive spotlight.
All in all, though, it means we can make estimates and best guesses of what these planets may be like, especially when we compare them to ones we know plenty more about – but several key details remain unclear.
That doesn’t stop anyone from enjoying the Exoplanet Travel Bureau, though, because it is nothing less than awesome. You can even fiddle with the planets’ parameters, including switching the atmosphere on and off, to see what it’s like either way.
The website is designed to transport you to some popular exoplanet destinations — like Kepler-186f, the newest planet to be given this treatment — to look around the planet in 360 degrees.
The images are interactive as well, allowing viewers to learn more about what you might actually see when standing on the planet's surface.
It's possible that some of these worlds could harbor water or even life, but that said, scientists don't know if any of them do.
Researchers understand that some of these worlds could be rocky, like Earth, due to their mass and distance from their host star, but they don't yet know if these worlds can actually sustain life.
There's a lot of guesswork when it comes to this kind of cutting-edge science.
"Because and the majority of Kepler-discovered planets are so distant, it is currently impossible to detect their atmospheres – if they exist at all – or characterize their atmospheric properties," Martin Still, a NASA exoplanet scientist, said in a statement.
"Consequently, we have limited knowledge about what these distant worlds are really like, but these surface visualizations allow us to imagine some of the possibilities," Still, who works on NASA's new exoplanet-hunting mission TESS, added in the statement.
That said, this ambiguity could change sometime in the near future.
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope — expected to launch in 2020 — could help scientists peer into the atmospheres of alien worlds to figure out if they could support life. In total, scientists know of more than 3,700 confirmed exoplanets out there in the universe.
TESS, short for Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, will also help scientists find more exoplanets circling some of the nearest stars to Earth in the not-too-distant future.
But until then, NASA's Exoplanet Travel Bureau has you covered, with its 360-degree images and even special, vintage-inspired travel posters that look like ads for the brave new worlds NASA and others have discovered.
US aircraft carrier was 'stalked for days by a UFO', leaked Pentagon report reveals
US aircraft carrier was 'stalked for days by a UFO', leaked Pentagon report reveals
A leaked Pentagon report has revealed new details about the UFO encounter that shocked Navy fighter pilots above the Pacific.
The 2009 report does not bear any date or agency logo, but four officials confirmed that it was written as part of a Pentagon programme with input from multiple agencies, KLAS reported.
The Las Vegas news station obtained the unclassified report while visiting Washington, DC for a debriefing arranged by former Senator Harry Reid.
The guided missile cruiser USS Princeton, right, The USS Princeton (seen in file photo) made multiple radar contacts with the objects in 2004.
Photo / Getty Images
The report reveals stunning new first-hand accounts of the November 14, 2004 encounter, which was documented in video that emerged in December of last year, the Daily Mail reported.
The incident unfolded as the Nimitz carrier group was conducting training exercises off the coast of southern California and Mexico ahead of a deployment to the Arabian Sea.
Beginning around November 10, the USS Princeton, a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser, made multiple radar contacts with what the report calls an Anomalous Aerial Vehicle (AAV).
The senior chief fire controlman on the Princeton, which was equipped with ultra-advanced AN/SPY-1 multifunctional phased-array radar, reported that the AAV appeared from above 60,000 feet - the radar's scan ceiling - and descended "very rapidly" to about 50 feet above the surface of the ocean.
They would hover for a short time and then depart at high velocities and turn rates demonstrating advanced capabilities, the senior chief said.
The senior chief, who had 17 years of experience in fire control on cruisers, said he never obtained an accurate track on the AAV, because they exhibited speed consistent with a ballistic missile, but the radar was set to air intercept mode rather than ballistic missile tracking mode.
Then on November 14, the Princeton again detected an AAV around 11am and called it in two F/A-18 Hornets that happened to be returning to the USS Nimitz from a training exercise.
An E-2C Hawkeye surveillance plane was also operating in the area and attempted a radar contact on the AAV, but made only intermittent contact as was unable to gain a track.
The skies were clear and blue with unlimited visibility that day, and the sea was calm, according to the report.
The first fighter jet to investigate, a USMC single-seat F/A-18C, flew within five to 10 nautical miles of the AAV's location, but could not see it. Instead, he reported seeing a circular disturbance in the water about 50 to 100 meters in diameter. It reminded the pilot of something rapidly submerging in the ocean, like a submarine.
The report hypothesizes that 'it is possible that the disturbance was being caused by an AAV but that the AAV was "cloaked" or invisible to the human eye.'
The Marine pilot was called off after the controller asked a plane carrying ordnance to respond, which he was not. When he returned to the USS Nimitz, his intelligence officer asked him if he'd seen the 'supersonic Tic Tac'.
The next jet to respond was a Navy F/A-18F piloted by Cmdr. David Fravor and Lt. Cmdr. Jim Slaight, who made visual contact with the AAV that they have since publicly discussed, corroborating the report.
Fravor also spotted a disturbance in the water, almost as if it were boiling. But this time, hovering above the disturbance was a strange object.
The object was shaped like an elongated egg or a "Tic Tac", according to Fravor, and was "holding like a Harrier", the jump jet that can take off vertically.
Slaight, whose name is redacted from the report, described it as "solid white, smooth, with no edges. It was uniformly colored with no nacelles, pylons or wings".
He described the exterior of the object as "like it had a white candy-coated shell, almost like a white board".
When Fravor attempted to make a close pass of the object to attempt visual recognition, the object appeared to react, realigning its axis to point at the approaching plane. The AAV then ascended quickly and departed at supersonic speed.
When Fravor and Slaight returned to the Nimitz, the sailors in the intelligence center donned tin-foil hats to greet them, asking eagerly about their 'UFO flight'.
Later in the day, another plane made the video that has since been released, according to the report.
Around 3pm, another Navy F/A-18F tracked a remarkable object on FLIR, which Fravor's plane had not been equipped with.
The pilot said he couldn't confirm whether he had tracked the same object seen by Fravor and Slaight, because he never made visual contact, only tracked it through FLIR.
The report notes that the USS Louisville nuclear fast-attack submarine was operating in the area, and detected no unusual undersea activity over the duration of the incidents.
The incident was filed in a regular training mission report and it is unclear if it was reported up the chain of command, the report finds.
The aircrews involved made and kept a copy of the FLIR recording, but were subjected to a "high level of ridicule" over the incident, the report found.
Whatever the AAV was, the report stresses that it was 'no known aircraft or air vehicle currently in the inventory of the United States or any foreign nation.'
Former Senator Reid, now recovering following cancer surgery, and others have urged Congress to create a new Pentagon programme to study similar incidents as a matter of national security.
Another highly classified version of the leaked report was also written, but it is unlikely to ever be released.
RUN, BIRD, RUN Birds most likely to have survived a mass extinction 66 million years ago would have been small (as seen in this artist’s depiction), able to fly and just fine living on the ground, researchers say.
PHILLIP M. KRZEMINSKI
Nothing against trees. But maybe it’s better not to get too dependent on them if you want to survive a big flaming space object crashing into Earth.
The asteroid impact that caused a mass extinction 66 million years probably also triggered the collapse of forests worldwide, a new investigation of the plant fossil record concludes. Needing trees and extensive plant cover for nesting or food could have been a fatal drawback for winged dinosaurs, including some ancient birds. Reconstructing the ecology of ancient birds suggests that modern fowl descended from species that survived because they could live on the ground, an international research team proposes in the June 4 Current Biology.
“You probably would have died anyway regardless of habitat,” says study coauthor Daniel Field, an evolutionary paleobiologist at the University of Bath in England. “But if you could get along on the ground, you at least had a shot at surviving across this devastated landscape.”
The shock wave from the strike probably flattened trees within a radius of 1,500 kilometers, Field says. Wildfires ignited around the planet and then came the acid rain. Clouds of ash and dust may have darkened the sky for several years, and researchers suspect that photosynthesis waned. Yet some lucky birds, but no other dinosaurs, survived the hellscape.
For clues to what made a survivor, researchers turned to fossilized pollen from before and after the fiery impact. Abundant kinds of flower-bearing and cone-bearing plants left pollen just before the asteroid hit and again starting about a thousand years afterward. In between those times of diversity, however, ferns dominated, the team notes. A kind of “disaster flora,” ferns (making spores instead of flowers and seeds) do well at recolonizing land. Seed plants, however, weren’t thriving.
Analyzing evolutionary histories of modern birds supports the idea of tree dependence as a vulnerability for the earliest fowl, the researchers say. Specialists in bird evolution now generally agree on the lowest, oldest branches of the bird family tree, Field says. The bottommost one, for instance, includes such modern species as ground-dwelling ostriches and smaller, flight-capable birds called tinamous, which might be more like the ancient birds that dodged extinction.
Working backward along these low branches, researchers used fossils and known bird traits to reconstruct the most likely lifestyles of the earliest survivors. These probably weren’t tree-dependent birds, the researchers conclude.
The glory days of dinosaurs had had plenty of flying tree-dwellers. So far, paleontologists have identified at least 80 kinds of what are called “opposite birds,” the Enantiornithes (SN: 2/4/17, p. 26). “If you saw one flying around today, you’d say, ‘Well, that’s a bird,’ ” Field explains. Their feet looked like those of birds that perch on tree limbs, so he’s not surprised that a fossil of an opposite bird from this probably arboreal group has never been found in rock formed after the dino doomsday.
What did happen, however, was that when trees and forests came back after the disaster, birds quickly evolved arboreal lifestyles, the team says.
Many people don’t realize that birds almost died off during the mass extinction, too, says paleontologist Stephen Brusatte of the University of Edinburgh who has studied bird evolution but was not involved in the new study. What let the few survivors squeak through, he says, has been a mystery for a long time. The whole scenario of a ground-dweller’s advantage and then a return to the trees “makes a lot of intuitive sense.”
The International Astronomical Union’s vote in 2006 to demote Pluto to dwarf planet status merely created “the illusion of scientific consensus,” according to a recent paper.
NASA, JHUAPL, SWRI
If Dr. Seuss had been an astronomer, Horton the Elephant (who heard a Who) would have said “a planet’s a planet, no matter how small.”
But don’t quote Dr. Seuss to the International Astronomical Union. In 2006, the IAU declared Pluto a planet not.
IAU Resolution B5 (not to be confused with Le Petit Prince’s asteroid B 612) declared that in order to be considered a planet, a body must clear the neighborhood around its orbit. Pluto, then, doesn’t qualify, because its “neighborhood” (way out beyond the orbit of Neptune) is populated by other bodies referred to as trans-Neptunian or Kuiper Belt objects. Two of them, Haumea and Makemake, have been recognized as “dwarf planets,” the same designation that the IAU now applies to Pluto.
This demotion of Pluto to dwarf status (no offense intended to dwarfs) makes sense, IAU defenders contend, because the asteroids (orbiting the sun mostly between Mars and Jupiter) aren’t planets, either — no one of them has cleared out the orbital neighborhood. After all, nobody would call an asteroid a PLANET. Except actually, nearly everybody called them planets for 150 years after they were discovered. Only half a century or so ago did astronomers stop considering most asteroids to be planets. And that shift had nothing to do with clearing out any neighborhoods, Philip Metzger of the University of Central Florida and colleagues point out in a new paper.
“The planetary science community did not reclassify asteroids on the basis of their sharing of orbits, which had been known … since the mid-19th century,” write Metzger and coauthors (including Alan Stern of the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colo.). “Rather, they were reclassified beginning in the 1950s on the basis of new data showing asteroids’ geophysical differences from large, gravitationally rounded planets.”
When astronomers first discovered asteroids (Ceres and Pallas, in 1801 and 1802), the famous astronomer William Herschel did not consider them planets. He called them asteroids because they were “starlike,” too small to appear through his telescope as bigger than a point. All previously known planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus) appeared as discernible disks. Those (except Uranus) had been known since ancient times; the Greeks called them “planets,” the word for “wanderers,” because they moved through the constant background patterns of the “fixed” stars.
After Herschel, though, everybody else generally referred to the asteroids as planets, since they orbited the sun (unlike moons, which orbited other planets). In 1845, for instance, the prominent scientist Alexander von Humboldt wrote in his masterwork Kosmos that the solar system consisted of 11 “primary planets,” five of them asteroids. (In the 1858 English version, a translator’s note updated that number to 16, adding four more asteroids plus Neptune.) Soon dozens more were added to the asteroid total. By the end of the 19th century hundreds of asteroids had been detected, and they were frequently referred to as “minor planets.” Metzger and colleagues scoured the astronomical literature since 1800 and found that astronomers consistently referred to asteroids as planets. Only Herschel, and in no case anyone after him, complained that shared orbits should disqualify asteroids from planetary status.
In 1951, Metzger and colleagues note, the authoritative Science News-Letter (now Science News, of course) proclaimed that “there are thousands of known planets circling our sun,” designating the big ones as “the chief planets” (including Pluto, discovered in 1930). Other astronomy writers held a similar view. In 1959, the prolific science popularizer Isaac Asimov noted that some preferred to call asteroids “planetoids” (because they are not, in fact, starlike). “Even planetoid isn’t quite a fair name,” Asimov wrote. “The planetoids do not merely have the form of planets; they are planets. To emphasize their small size, though, they are frequently called minor planets and that is perhaps the best name of all.”
But in the 1960s, Metzger and colleagues note, use of “minor planets” diminished as better observations revealed geophysical distinctions between the smaller asteroids and the major planets. Small asteroids had irregular shapes rather than the approximate roundness of big planets. And spectroscopic analyses of asteroid composition plus new ideas about how asteroids formed suggested that most of them were not really very much like planets after all.
“This history indicates that it was geophysical characteristics, not sharing of orbits, that led to the shift in terminology in which asteroids were no longer called planets,” Metzger and collaborators conclude.
Metzger, Stern and coauthors do not say anything about Pluto in their paper. But the implication is obvious: Denying planet status to Pluto is an arbitrary determination (by the IAU) based on a definition without justification in the astronomical literature. It was concocted and voted on at a big meeting, not derived from actual scientific usage. Planetary status should be determined, as it was with asteroids, by the progression of astronomical science, not by voting on an arbitrary definition.
“Voting on key taxonomical terminology and the relationships between taxa is anathema in science,” Metzger and colleagues write. It’s “contrary to the traditions evolved over many centuries to reduce social, political and personal cognitive biases in science. It injects unhelpful dynamics and social pressures into science and impinges on individual scientists’ taxonomical freedom…. We recommend that, regarding planetary taxonomy, central bodies such as the IAU do not resort to voting to create the illusion of scientific consensus.”
But don’t expect the issue about Pluto’s status to be resolved anytime soon. It’s not a case where the question is complicated but the answer is simple. Nevertheless, by reading through the historical literature on planets and asteroids, Metzger and colleagues have improved the prospects for a better-informed debate. After all, “The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you’ll go.”
UFO Sighting: Solid Black Triangle Over Jacksonville, Florida
UFO Sighting: Solid Black Triangle Over Jacksonville, Florida
I would have been excited too. It appears to keep a consistent shape. Meaning, the lights aren't moving independently from one another like lanterns. Watch again and look for the two separate shades of black (the sky and the craft). Interesting.
In an essay in Darklore (Volume 3), I looked at the odd connections between occultists and science fiction writers, at the core of which lay the strange duo of rocket scientist and occultist Jack Parsons, and science fiction author-come-religious guru L. Ron Hubbard. The overarching themes were: the influence of science fiction on Parsons’ occult (and rocketry) ideas, the possibly that some things were essentially fiction presented as fact (the Philadelphia Experiment, and perhaps even the Strategic Defense Initiative) and that some events in the their story were forms of the ‘Big Con’.
Here we will be looking at ‘the Saucerers’: an oddly closely-knit group of men from the science fiction and occult communities who, through accident or design, managed to conjure the flying saucers into existence. Specifically we’ll be examining the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis (ETH) that grew from this. For clarity’s sake: this is the idea that aliens are visiting us in flying saucers and taking an interest in human affairs. There are, clearly, numerous theories that might involve aliens or visitors from… elsewhere (perhaps in time, possibly from another dimension) but this seems to be the general idea the man in the street has. Other more exotic variations on the theme require examinations of different individuals and their theories.
However, before we look at these characters at the Dawn of the Modern Era of UFOs, we need to peek back into those strange pre-dawn years when the foundations were put into place for the bizarre edifice that would later be built.
Before the Dawn
Although Emanuel Swedenborg was reporting journeys to other planets back in the 18th century, the origins of the ETH lie at the end of the 19th century and the start of the 20th. Here we see H.G. Wells’ Martians visiting in fiction and Helene Smith making the return journey in…‘fact’. Despite some suggestions that the craft seen in the 1896–1897 airship flap were from Mars, the first significant linking of strange lights in the sky with alien visitors was in the proto-ufology of Charles Fort. However, other people were also reporting contact with aliens a number of years before Fort started publishing his findings.
In my previous article I raised the possibility that science fiction was being passed off as factual accounts of real events, and when we go back to the late 19th century we find Theosophy, which did this blatantly. And, in doing so, laid the foundations for the ETH.
The movement’s hugely influential founder, Helena Blavatsky, produced two key volumes, Isis Unveiled(1877) and The Secret Doctrine (1888), which claimed to synthesise the wisdom of the ancients. However, William Coleman looked at the sources and found a lot to be concerned about: rather than drawing on vast numbers of ancient texts, Blavatsky had copied large sections from a limited number of relatively recent books.
For our purposes, what is relevant is that she also drew heavily on speculative fiction, in particular the work of Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton, best known these days for the opening line “it was a dark and stormy night.” It is his hollow earth novel The Coming Race (1871) which provided Theosophy with the concept of the ‘Vril’ power, but Blavatsky also drew on a range of his books. According to Prof. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, an expert on Western Esotericism:
Her fascination with Egypt as the fount of all wisdom arose from her enthusiastic reading of the English author Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton. His novel The Last Days of Pompeii (1834) had been conceived of as a narrative of the impact of the Isis cult in Rome during the first century AD. His later works, Zanoni (1842), A Strange Story(1862), and The Coming Race (1871), also dwelt on esoteric initiation and secret fraternities dedicated to occult knowledge in a way which exercised an extraordinary fascination on the romantic mind of the nineteenth century. It is ironical that early theosophy should have been principally inspired by English occult fiction.
This didn’t end with Blavatsky’s books, though. This information was passed on and the provenance obfuscated with each iteration:
An entire procession of cults and obscure religious sects has followed Blavatsky’s lead, copying their doctrines from her and from one another while simultaneously denying their true sources and instead attributing their second- and third-hand revelations to further contact with the Hidden Masters of the Great White Brotherhood. This process has been called “genealogical dissociation” (Johnson 1995; 158) and has continued through groups more-or-less in the classical Theosophical mold, such as Guy Ballard’s I AM or Elizabeth Clare Prophet’s Church Universal and Triumphant, and also into more up-to-date models in the form of the flying saucer contactee cults that replace the Hidden Masters in their Himalayan hideaways with Space Brothers winging in their cosmic wisdom from Venus or the Pleiades. J. Gordon Melton has noted that the flying saucer is practically the only new element of the story — many of the older tales had the element of interplanetary travel already, such as Blavatsky’s Hidden Masters originating in the distant past when the Lords of Flame traveled to earth from Venus — and that even this element is often absent from current contact accounts, leaving them almost indistinguishable from nineteenth-century accounts.
For example, Guy Ballard, and other Theosophists, gravitated towards Mount Shasta in California. The interest in this location was sparked by Frederick Spencer Oliver’s 1905 book A Dweller on Two Planets, which tells of Lemurians escaping the destruction of their home and taking up residence under the mountain. The book, written between 1883/1884 and 1886, but only published after Oliver’s death, was allegedly channelled through automatic writing. However, it is essentially science fiction, or according to L. Sprague de Camp (who we met in the last Darklore piece) “a tiresome occult novel.” According to the 2002 introduction by John B. Hare, who also considers it “a work of speculative fiction”:
This book is openly acknowledged as source material for many new age belief systems, including the once-popular “I AM” movement (whose founder, Guy Ballard, plagiarized extensively from this book), the Lemurian Fellowship, and Elizabeth Claire Prophet. According to Shirley MacLaine, A Dweller on Two Planets jumped out of a bookshelf into her hands in a New Age bookstore in Hong Kong (and obviously had a big influence on her subsequently).
Although Blavatsky included Ascended Masters from Venus, it was never a core of her teachings – it was Ballard who would “become the first to actually build a religion on contact with extraterrestrials.” He claimed that he was in frequent contact with them, being visited by Venusians while at Mount Shasta. The important distinction, as noted above, is that these interplanetary journeys (usually within the Solar System, as understood by science at the time) were done through more mystical means.
Contact was often made through channelling and automatic writing and “following the lead of the fantastic voyage novels, contactees either travelled astrally, woke up from a sleep to find themselves mysteriously transported to their destination, or experience some form of what might be called dematerialization” – a mode of transport best known through fiction, like John Carter’s voyages to Mars, first written about by Edgar Rice Burroughs in 1919. What is missing is the idea of the flying saucer itself – for that we have to look to another source, which has its roots in the work of Charles Fort.
While Fort’s ideas were carried on in their original form by the Fortean Society, it was another group altogether that would expose his work to a wider audience – science fiction authors. Jerome Clark has said that the Books of Charles Fort (1941) were “a classic only in the cult sense, functioning mostly as a source of ideas for science fiction writers.” In particular this included a serialisation of Lo!, starting in the April 1934 edition of Astounding Science Fiction, the leading magazine to spearhead the ‘Golden Age of Science Fiction’ (publishing a large number of the key players in my last Darklore article). Arthur C. Clarke has said, “No choice could have been more appropriate for a science fiction magazine, and Fort’s writing was to have an immense influence on the field,” in particular on the young Clarke. “I found his eccentric – even explosive – style stimulating and even mind-expanding,” Clarke would later write, and it is evident in his various television series on strange phenomena.
We also know others read his work: Lovecraft checked out a number of his books from the library and even name-checked him a few times in his books. The dark theme behind the phrase “we are property” proved especially influential, as were the early glimmerings of the ancient astronaut idea, with some of the related ideas having Theosophical overtones. It would even be science fiction writer Damon Knight who helped with the rediscovery of Fort in the later parts of the 20th century, writing the biography Charles Fort: Prophet of the Unexplained (1970) and overseeing the release of the Complete Works of Charles Fort (1974).
With these ideas simmering away in the background during the first half of the 20th century, we now turn to look at how they emerged fully-formed as the ETH in the very early hours of the Dawn of the Modern Era of UFOs.
The late John Keel, the famous Fortean investigator best known for his Mothman Prophecies, has described Ray Palmer as “The Man Who Invented Flying Saucers,” and this wouldn’t be far wrong. In 1938, Palmer took over as the editor of an ailing science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, that would have sunk without trace except for a chance discovery in the, normally rejected, crank pile. The letter was from one Richard Shaver, and was published in the December 1943 issue. The reader response to Shaver’s description of an ancient alphabet prompted Palmer to ask for more material. He received “A Warning for Man,” a 10,000-word piece which Palmer then reworked into a 31,000-word story with the more impressive (and Theosophically-influenced) name “I Remember Lemuria!” Published in March 1945, this wild ‘true story’ told of “death rays, tunnelling machines, high-tech ancient civilizations and even flying disks!” These stories, and subsequent tales – mainly revolving around the underground-dwelling race of ‘Deros’, with evil plans for us surface dwellers – proved an instant hit. Letters flew in and the circulation would grow by an order of magnitude until it was one of the most successful sci-fi magazines, selling a quarter of a million copies and moving from being a quarterly to a monthly. Although it could be dismissed as the ramblings of a paranoid schizophrenic, there was a degree of effort put into making these stories readable and engaging:
Shaver’s stories were heavily rewritten by Ray Palmer originally, and then later by other writers who were assigned to The Shaver Mystery job by Palmer…
…Palmer was the publishing genius behind Shaver, and it was no doubt Palmer’s sophisticated knowledge of literature, science fiction and contemporary science, myth and legend that propelled The Shaver Mystery into the public eye so successfully.
Another key story at this time was Harold Sherman’s Green Man tales, “The Green Man” (October 1946) and “The Green Man Returns” (December 1947), which also appeared in Palmer’s Amazing Stories. The tales – featuring Numar, the green-hued main character – were apparently inspired by Sherman’s own odd experience:
Sometime in the year 1945, when Martha and I were living in Chicago, I had a series of visions wherein I saw Space Beings, possessed of high intelligence, visiting our Earth in space ships of different shapes and sizes, for the purpose of exploration and eventually to fill our skies with large space vehicles, coming in force, hopefully on a friendly mission to help Mankind save itself from self-destruction.
So, by 1947, large numbers of readers were following the advice/warning that would become enshrined in the end of the 1951 film The Thing From Another World: “Watch the skies!” They didn’t have long to wait.
While flying near Mount Rainier, Washington, pilot Kenneth Arnold famously sighted a number of UFOs on June 24, 1947, which now officially marks the start of the Modern Era of UFOs. However, although the press coverage spawned the term ‘flying saucer’, the objects weren’t classic flying saucers, being described as something more like a flying wing (half-moon or bat-wing). In addition there was no claim that they were alien vehicles. However, Palmer spotted the parallels with the stories he’d been publishing, and quickly moved to jump on that particular bandwagon – a letter from Ray Palmer to Kenneth Arnold arrived on July 15. Palmer would send Arnold off to investigate the Maury Island Incident, which ‘happened’ three days before Arnold’s sightings. It would prove to be a strange conspiracy quagmire: suggestions of bugging emerged, and the main figure, Fred Crisman – who was known to Palmer – would go on to be linked with the JFK assassination.
Kenneth Arnold with an illustration of his UFO sighting
Palmer, with a keen eye on the zeitgeist, launched a factual magazine in 1948 called Fate, and the first issue included Arnold’s account of his encounter. The two would then collaborate on a book that expanded on this, The Coming of the Saucers (1952), published by Palmer’s Amherst Press.
Despite the fact that whatever Arnold saw wasn’t actually shaped like the classic flying saucer, the term proved suitably evocative and it was up to science fiction again to provide the image. The back cover of the November 1947 edition of Palmer’s Fantastic Adventures featured “a flotilla of golden saucers above the New York skyline, and the words: ‘Will the ancient gods of Egypt and other lost civilisations come back to Earth in time to avert an atom war?’”
As the UFO phenomena evolved, we find Palmer’s fingerprints all over the work of the early contactees. For example, Orfeo Angelucci worked at the Lockheed aircraft plant in California, not long after one of the giants of the early Contactee movement, George van Tassel, had left. In his 1955 book The Secret of the Saucers Angelucci describes how, on his way home from work, he would occasionally bump into aliens and their flying saucers. However, the origin of this seems to go back to the job he had before joining Lockheed, as he describes himself in his book:
For several months I worked as manager of the Los Feliz Club House. In my spare time I endeavored to write a motion picture script. It was more of a hobby than anything else. I didn’t really expect the script to be accepted as I’d had no writing experience. As the idea of space travel was quite popular in the films then, I concentrated on a story about an imaginary trip to the moon. Several studios were interested in the finished manuscript, but it was never made into a motion picture.
This has led one commentator to note…
Orfeo Angelucci’s contactee story began as a movie script titled Worlds are Mad Tonight. He came to realize it had little financial potential and “lay gathering dust and forgotten” before the aliens came forward to tell him it was true.
It gets even more interesting though, because this book was published by Ray Palmer’s Amherst Press, and it appears Palmer was involved at every stage. Of course, Palmer was the editor and publisher, but there is something odd about the book’s credits, as described in the 2007 introduction:
Angelucci’s name doesn’t appear on the title page, simply Palmer as editor. Angelucci is, strangely, only listed as a copyright holder.…The book makes a brisk read (again, a hallmark of Palmer), and if you suspend disbelief, it works as science fiction as well.
As we’ve seen with Shaver, Palmer took a very ‘hands on’ approach to his ‘editing’ and this seems to be no exception.
It was also Palmer’s Fate that gave an early venue to the man who would take the flying saucer story up to a new level. In Fate’s July 1951 edition was an article entitled “I Photographed Space Ships” – by one ‘Prof.’ George Adamski.
Adamski’s story is a strange and complex one. He had established the Royal Order of Tibet during the late 1920s, which preached a Theosophical-based philosophy, although Adamski claimed it was really a front for bootleg liquor during the Prohibition. However, the group continued on after the end of Prohibition in 1933 and started publishing books and pamphlets in 1936. They also moved on from their initial base at Laguna Beach, California and, after a time on a nearby ranch, he and his followers ended up at Mount Palomar in 1944. There they lived in a commune with Adamski working in a restaurant catering to people visiting the Mount Palomar Observatory, further up the mountain. His involvement with UFOs started with a series of sightings, one in October 1946 and another only weeks after Arnold’s had hit the news. This all seemed par for the course in the late forties, but things got interesting toward the end of 1949 when four military men dropped by – including two scientists from the Point Loma Naval Electronics Laboratory who asked Adamski if he could provide any photographs. He soon obliged, and it was these sensational images which garnered Adamski a lot of interest at the time…and a huge amount of scorn later, as they were obviously rather bad fakes.
Although stuck up the side of a mountain, Adamski seems to have had strong connections with other contactees and esoteric groups of the period. According to Jacques Vallee, Adamski had connections with the occult fascist William Dudley Pelley. Pelley had mystical experiences before WWII and become a supporter of Hitler during the war, which led to him being jailed for treason. He was only released on the understanding that he avoided politics, leading him to return to his more esoteric interests. Although there was strong crossover between his followers and Guy Ballard’s group, it was in the post-war period, around 1950, that another important individual, George Hunt Williamson worked for Pelley. The latter may have even introduced Williamson to Adamski.
Together Adamski and Williamson would be part of one of the most important events in the early years of the Modern Era of UFOs, when they travelled into the Mojave Desert on November 20, 1952. Leaving the rest of the party, Adamski met Orthon, a Nordic Venusian. After the alien had departed Williamson took plaster casts of some footprints, that are said to have included a reversed swastika in the pattern.
The first of Adamski’s books on his encounters with flying saucers and their occupants, Flying Saucers Have Landed, was released in 1953. Surprisingly, he did not write the bulk of it; instead, large portions were penned by British Theosophist Desmond Leslie. In keeping with the broader themes of this piece, Leslie’s journey started when his publisher asked him to research UFOs for a science fiction story and he ended up concluding they were real. Leslie’s contribution would also be significant because it was very Fortean in tone with a distinctly Theosophical spin to it, putting forward the case for ancient visitations by aliens.
Williamson would go on to write Other Tongues – Other Flesh, published in 1953 by… yes you guessed it, Ray Palmer’s Amherst Press. According to Donna Kossy, “Williamson’s version of the origin of humanity draws heavily on Pelley’s Star Guests, which itself draws from ‘I AM’ (Guy and Edna Ballard’s ‘Ascended Master’ cult which flourished in the 1930s), Theosophy, the Bible and possibly other sources.” Mankind’s ultimate origin was said to be Sirius, but the Earth was, he claimed, also populated by other sinister races from places like Orion. This leads Kossy to conclude “Many of the space brothers’ messages, as received by contactees such as Williamson and Adamski, are transparent right-wing political statements whose authority is legitimised because they come from a ‘higher intelligence.”
The Theosophy link here is also important as it not only plugs Adamski firmly into the broader occult scene in California, but also seems to be a continuation of the long ‘tradition’ of basing your teachings on science fiction. The main difference here is that the science fiction he lifted and presented as fact, was his own. Adamski’s earlier science fiction novel was little known, until it was reprinted recently, and Marc Hallet had to order a copy from the Library of Congress. His findings, when he got to read the book, were quite startling – almost all of Adamski’s space adventures were actually already all there in the earlier, fictional, work, something Palmer knew well:
‘Inside The Space Ships’ is nothing more than a science fiction book. The best proof we have of this is that it is a “remake” of a science-fiction book entitled Pioneers of Spacewhich Adamski wrote in 1949.
…To your surprise you will discover that these two books give exactly the same descriptions of space (with the fireflies), the Moon (with snow on mountains, forests, lakes, artificial hangers and even small running animals), the scout ship (with the great lens in the middle of the cabin and the graphs on the walls), the mother ship (with its two “skins”), and even little details such as the portrait of the Great One in the mother ship, the famous Saturnian badge with the balance, etc… You will also be pleased also to see that the Masters’ pompous statements are exactly the same, something that demonstrates that Adamski had a poor imagination and was unable to create new or original philosophical concepts. His lack of imagination was so great that his book Cosmic Philosophy published in 1961 was mainly based on texts he had written in the ’30s.
However, there is one element that is not from his books which helped make his story one of the most compelling from the early Contactee era – the meeting of a Venusian in the Mojave Desert.
Given Adamski’s fondness for ‘recycling’, and apparent problems with coming up with new material, the question arises: where did he get this idea from? The answer may come from an examination of the wider occult vortex in California, and it brings us back to the focus of my previous piece in Darklore: Jack Parsons and L. Ron Hubbard. In 1946, while the two were engaged in occult rituals in Pasadena, Jack Parsons claims to have met a Venusian in the Mojave Desert. The exact timing and context are unclear, but as he was apparently alone, this appears to be the time when his magickal partners L. Ron Hubbard and Marjorie Cameron were both away. During this time, on February 28, 1946, Parsons went into the Mojave Desert and ‘received’ Liber 49, The Book of Babalon. He said of the experience “[t]he presence of the Goddess came upon me and I was commanded to write the following communications.” According to biographer John Carter, “[t]he Venusian apparently was the implied source of Liber 49.”
Both Adamski and Parsons were part of the occult scene in California, although the latter seems more central, with authors and adepts dropping by his house when they were in town. However, there are more explicit links. According to one of Parsons’ biographers: “[Max] Schneider and his wife had a small cabin on Mount Palomar that members of the lodge often used for short retreats.” Paul Rydeen provides more details of the Palomar link:
In “Alchemical Conspiracy and the Death of the West” Michael Hoffman writes of Parsons. Hoffman tells us that the Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO) had a temple on nearby Mount Palomar. The local Indians regarded the mountain as holy. Hoffman says, “The OTO believed that Palomar was the sexual chakra of the Earth.” Parsons commuted regularly between Palomar and Pasadena. The Mount Palomar Observatory opened in 1949. Smith probably consecrated his temple on Palomar soon after his move to California in 1930, before the Observatory was planned.
There is one final potential link, which, if proved, would show the direct line of transmission of this last piece of the jigsaw. It has been suggested that Hubbard and Adamski met in 1951 (i.e. after Hubbard and Parsons’ relationship had soured, but a year before Adamski said he met the aliens in the Mojave), and discussed science fiction and UFOs.
Charles Laughead is one of the best examples of the way people would rattle around the occult/contactee scene in the early days of the Modern Era of UFOs. He and his wife seem to have had a crisis of faith in the late 1940s and gone on the search for enlightenment, which brought them into contact with the group coalescing around Marion Keech (real name Dorothy Martin) in 1949–1950. This group started channelling contacts with aliens (which, as we’ve seen, continued seamlessly from the Theosophical groups into the contactees) and started producing messages about a coming apocalypse in December 1954. This caught the attention of the media and, through them, a group of sociologists and psychologists who infiltrated the group and were able to monitor the dynamics as the deadline of doom came and went – resulting in one of the best books on the topic, When Prophecy Fails (1956). Although they put it all down to a simple group state, there were certainly strange events swirling around the group, including a number of odd visitors, some of whom might later have been described as Men in Black. Following the collapse of the group, Keech returned to Hubbard’s Dianetics movement, which she had earlier been involved with, and would later journey to Peru where she and George Hunt Williamson established the Abbey of the Seven Rays in 1957. The Laugheads were also in Williamson’s orbit – but they also, importantly, met Dr. Andrija Puharich.
Puharich is perhaps best known for being Uri Geller’s mentor, but he had been researching parapsychology since the late 1940s. In December 1952 he was working with Dr D.G. Vinod, who started channelling communications from a group calling themselves ‘The Nine’. These communications continued on and off until 1953, when, in front of a group of nine (including people like Arthur M. Young), they revealed themselves as the various aspects of God. Laughead and his wife would come into contact with Puharich and Young three years later in a Mexican hotel. While Puharich was not initially impressed by the information passed on to him (apparently channelled by Williamson), a follow-up letter from Laughead made him pay attention because the communications it contained paralleled what he had received via Vinod, adding an extraterrestrial spin to proceedings. This seemed to be independent confirmation of the information, and the Nine would simmer away in the background until he met Uri Geller in the seventies when, after asking Geller leading questions under hypnotism, he seems to have got in contact with similar entities. Those who have read the previous article may start to spot a similar situation to the ones we saw with Parsons, Jessup and Bennewitz, in which an individual is an unknowing ‘actor’ in a ‘play’ where the other ‘actors’ have access to the ‘script’. Basically, it looks like Puharich is the focus of a Big Con – the information would only be convincing if the sources were really independent. Given Laughead’s links throughout the occult/contactee groups, and the way he kept popping up like a Joker in the pack, there must be the suspicion that he was able to access enough information to fool Puharich. Why anyone would do this is unclear, as he ran CIA-sponsored remote viewing experiments and is considered to be very much an insider. However, it could be read a different way. Could Puharich’s beliefs have been deliberately altered early on? This would then result in him being an unwitting actor in later events, which included widespread use of hypnosis to recover further information from Geller, which we know tends to generate a fiction based on a mix of the therapist’s and the patient’s beliefs. If so, this would mean the idea of the Nine originated elsewhere, and Puharich was manipulated into believing it was true.
N. Meade Layne was also in Southern California, had links with the OTO and was member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. Layne’s contacts spanned the occult/contactee world, and he established Borderlands Science Research Associates (now Foundation) in 1945, which was discussing UFOs before even Arnold’s sightings. One key role was in publicising information emerging from other sources. These included the channelling of ‘E Yada Da Shi’ite’ from the ‘Interplanetary High Council’ by Mark Probert, which “in early 1946…swerved into the same new theme Harold Sherman caught in his story ‘The Green Man’ – the imminent arrival of extraterrestrial craft in Earth’s skies.” So it wasn’t just the science fiction fans who were watching the skies in 1946/1947.
I must admit when I was younger and knew less about UFOs I had assumed the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis stemmed from…you know, aliens visiting us. However, the true origins appear to lie in the occultists and science fiction writers (and some science fiction-writing occultists) who jumped on Arnold’s sighting of…something, and promoted the idea that these were the alien visitors they’d been writing about/talking to for the decades running up to 1947. Some would even go on to ‘meet’ these visitors from the stars. These individuals tend to fall into two groups. On the east coast we have the Chicago group associated with Raymond Palmer, “the man who invented flying saucers,” which also included Harold Sherman. They had effectively primed the pump and moved hard and fast to dominate the very earliest sightings and publications. On the west coast there is the giant cauldron of California containing the powerful mix of the occult, sci-fi and UFOs. It is here that the ball Palmer put into play was picked up and run with. However, we also see his direct influence, working on and publishing books and articles from this group.
There is also another organization which certainly moved quickly in the wake of Kenneth Arnold’s sighting (even if it was not overly successful in anticipating it). In light of the details covered earlier, the July 8, 1947 announcement by the Air Force that a flying saucer had crashed at Roswell – coming so soon after Arnold’s (during the initial wave of excitement it generated) – seems suspicious, as it was perfectly timed to keep the momentum going with an official acknowledgement of the phenomena (even if it was rapidly withdrawn). We also have the active involvement of the Navy in Adamski’s story. While we might expect to find them in connection with the Philadelphia Experiment (as it was allegedly a Navy project) and Parsons (who had contracts with the Navy), it is definitely odd in this context – and a wider examination of the field shows them popping up in strange places.
On analysing the Modern Era of UFOs we see it less as a new phenomena and more an evolution of existing ideas. Theosophy’s Ascended Masters became increasingly extraterrestrial, and contact with them moved from channelling, to their arriving in space ships (although, as we’ve seen, channelling was still important long after flying saucers appeared in the skies). The home of the ‘aliens’ has also changed – moving further away from the Earth as science brought us more information about the planets, forcing them to ‘abandon’ Mars, with its canals, for Venus and then the outer planets in the Solar System, before heading out into deep space. We can also see the abduction phenomena as a further evolution, one which shed a lot of the mystical trappings and made it a lot more personal and more modern – emphasising technology, and ditching uplifting messages for darker medical interventions.
What I do want to emphasize though is that I am not dismissing the majority of UFO reports as science fiction. My concern is that the peculiar mix of individuals had already defined the ‘story’ long before the Dawn of the Modern Era of UFOs, and they moved quickly to put their version of this story into place within days. A few years later this mythos was firmly in place and a number of the leading flying saucer proponents were perfectly happy to rebrand their science fiction as bona fide science fact. This established a framework that other people used to interpret their strange experiences, creating a positive feedback loop that reinforced the prevailing paradigm. The introduction of hypnotically-recovered memories made this even more problematic because – as has been ably described elsewhere – the hypnotist and/or the subject’s worldview can shape the memories. This can result in apparently consistent accounts that also help convince people of the reality of this idea.
There is another issue too. Ufology, which should be a broad and flexible discipline, is largely focused on flying saucers and their alien pilots. This serves to limit the scope of inquiry and pretty much guarantees that the broad consensus (especially amongst the general public) remains that they are in fact visitors from other worlds making a bit of a nuisance of themselves. As I showed in my first two articles for Darklore, there is an odd crossover between ufology and the wilder fringes of cryptozoology, with similar reports of strange clouds in connection with UFOs, religion and other Fortean phenomena. Greg Taylor also discussed this in relation to sounds in Darklore Volume 1, and there are many more such examples which suggest ufology isn’t a discretely defined field.
The idea that the ETH (as described) is essentially artificial slots into a number of other ideas that are out there. Operation Bluelight is a pretty wild conspiracy theory that suggests some shadowy group are going to undermine the world’s faiths, and then engineer a vast faked alien armada that would help them impose a new global UFO religion. We could say that this fits into a class of ideas we’ll call the ‘Strong Watchmen Plan’ – after Alan Moore’s classic comic book series, in which one of the superheroes launches a vast scheme to create such an overwhelming external threat that the people of Earth would have to back away from the brink of Mutually Assured Destruction.
A more general idea for faking ‘the Voice of God’ (and possibly also using some kind of aerial hologram) goes back to the ideas put forward to get rid of Fidel Castro (which seem to have originated with Ian Fleming, who I mentioned in the last Darklore), and came up again with the invasion of Iraq in 1991. Ufologist Jacques Vallee also stumbled across the infamous ‘Pentacle Memorandum’, which advocated that the military monitor specific places that had a lot of reported UFO activity, while further suggesting that “many different types of aerial activity should be secretly and purposefully scheduled within the area.” As should be obvious, it might be possible to fake this in a limited way, for a handful of people – however, increasing it up to a planetary scale is almost impossible to do convincingly (and let us not forget that belief is a difficult thing to shift, even when presented with actual facts). The beauty of the concept put forward here is that you don’t need to go to all that trouble. Having the idea in place early means you don’t need to micromanage proceedings – people have been seeing lights in the sky, and meeting strange entities, throughout history; all you need to do is update the model they use to interpret their unusual experiences.
Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince have also looked at the interconnections between people in the occult/contactee groups and suggested that there was some kind of conspiracy at work. The main axis for this seems to be Andrija Puharich and the group channelling the Nine, but it also connects with Hubbard/Parsons and the CIA. However, it would require Puharich to be some kind of eminence gris, pulling a lot of the strings behind the scenes. But, as I noted earlier, at some points in his story he seems to have been the victim of at least one Big Con. Nevertheless, the connections they uncover are significant no matter what the underlying driving force is.
While researching this piece I came across John Michael Greer’s new book, The UFO Phenomenon: Fact, Fantasy and Disinformation, which parallels a lot of my thinking on the subject and helped fill in some gaps. Greer suggests what might be going on is what we could consider the ‘Weak Watchmen Plan’:
Attempts to shape the consciousness of a culture or an age using powerful symbolic patterns, in other words, are among the things occultists do. The possibility exists that something of the sort lies behind the remarkable involvement of the American occult community in the first days of the UFO phenomena. While it is certainly possible that figures such as Meade Layne and Harold Sherman, who predicted the arrival of the flying saucers in advance were simply reporting visions and dreams that would shortly burst out in a flurry of apparitions across America’s skies, the possibility has to be considered that these highly publicised reports were meant to cause such an event.
…it is at least possible that somewhere in the broad overlap between the American occult community and the science fiction scene, a group of occultists driven by the same sense of desperation set out to deliberately create the belief that extraterrestrial beings were about to intervene on Earth.
They may have hoped simply to inject just that moment of hesitation into the minds of politicians and generals that could keep them from plunging into a nuclear abyss.
In essence this was a magickal working on a grand scale – perhaps not designed to directly effect change, but to create a viral meme that aliens were concerned about our onward march to nuclear Armageddon. Science fiction gave them a ready-made audience, and also a means to present various scenarios in fictional form. One of the key works in that regard is the 1951 film The Day the Earth Stood Still. Predating the rise of the high-profile Contactees, like Adamski, by a year, it showed a classic flying saucer landing in Washington so the pilot can deliver a message expressing the concern of the aliens about mankind’s development of nuclear weapons. It is believed to be the inspiration behind the off-script comments made by Ronald Reagan during his 1985 meetings with Mikhail Gorbachev that helped end the Cold War. It is also worth noting that, in essence (and without the occult overtones) this Weak Watchmen Plan is very much along the lines of the possibility I raised in the last essay: that the concept of the Star Wars program (conceived by an odd mix of space scientists, military men, aerospace executives and science fiction writers, including Heinlein) had a similar effect in the last days of the Cold War, and may have brought the world back from the brink at that time.
Another idea comes from occultist/ufologist Allen Greenfield, who is also a bishop in the Gnostic Catholic Church, the ecclesiastical arm of the OTO. Greenfield knew a lot of the players in this story, which might qualify him to speak on these topics; he has more doomladen claims to make about a lot of individuals we have looked at:
UFO buffs have of late been touting a theory that Hubbard came to Parsons with a purpose more grandiose than “the ordinary confidence game.” In pulp magazine circles, he had encountered any number of occultists and border occultists (Talbot Mundy, Col. Arthur Burks, Major Donald Keyhoe, Ray Palmer and Richard S. Shaver come to mind), and had already formulated the core of the “inner Scientology teaching” outlined above. He wished to bring this other world into Manifestation, but lacked the technical knowledge to do so. So, he came to the innocent sex magician Jack Parsons. In this version, the Babalon Working, guided by Hubbard, had little to do with “Babalon” and more to do with the hideous Old Ones of the H.P. Lovecraft Cthulhu Mythos.
Speaking of Lovecraft, one particular quote from the great man of horror and science fiction springs to mind when discussing these issues. In a letter to Clark Ashton Smith, dated October 17, 1930, Lovecraft wrote:
My own rule is that no weird story can truly produce terror unless it is devised with all the care & verisimilitude of an actual hoax. The author must forget all about ‘short story technique’, and build up a stark, simple account, full of homely corroborative details, just as if he were actually trying to ‘put across’ a deception in real life – a deception clever enough to make adults believe it.
Personally, I don’t really see a grand conspiracy at work. It would require a number of people to have had an important role in stage-managing a large performance. A key figure would have to be Ray Palmer who doesn’t come across as some cunning mastermind. Unfortunately, he seems more driven by Fun and Profit; most of his influence on the field seems to be more opportunistic, spotting trends and exploiting them with little concern about the line between fact and fiction.
There are just too many separate groups with different (often murky) agendas pushing in often opposing directions. What seems to have emerged accidentally from the collision of these ideas was a modern mythology that provided a lens for interpreting strange events. A mythology which appears to be no more of an approximation to the underlying ‘truth’ than ideas of fairies and angels/demons were in earlier ages.
How does science fiction influence the real world? | The Economist
The Emperor has written for Fortean Times and a number of British small press magazines and comics.
Ancient Aliens: A Reasonable Hypothesis Supported By Facts
Ancient Aliens: A Reasonable Hypothesis Supported By Facts
Here's my outline of why the idea of 'historic astronauts' is not one that need to be without problems dismissed by means of scholars and academics with out due consideration to the following.
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS: There exist technologically superior extraterrestrial civilizations nicely earlier of human civilization with the ways and method to boldly go. Whether it's far ten or ten thousand such ET civilizations is of no effect for the state of affairs that follows.
FACT: There is not anything within the laws, concepts and relationships of physics that could prevent boldly going interstellar space journey.
FACT: The time it might take any individual technologically advanced ET civilization to explore, even colonize, the Milky Way Galaxy (our galaxy) at subluminal velocities is however a small fraction of the age of our galaxy.
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS: Artificially sensible probes may be the path-blazers reporting back to their organic masters (assuming the biological ET entities are in reality nonetheless the masters and now not the put up-biological evolution handover to AI).
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS: It is a long way less difficult to boldly go if you are a mind-in-the-gadget than if you have to tug your organic frame along for the journey which calls for vast and pricey lifestyles assisting infrastructure.
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS: The Third Rock from the Sun (Planet Earth) has been stated, logged, catalogued, and examined (perhaps on an ongoing foundation) via one or extra of these boldly going technologically advanced ET civilizations.
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS: That we are particularly not going to had been the (lucky) technology residing for the duration of the time of the very first discovery of Planet Earth by using ET. Probability dictates that such a primary discovery passed off a long time ago, perhaps in our distant, even prehistoric past, if no longer even manner earlier than that, however from that moment, but a ways again it was, ET might have then maintained an ongoing presence in our cosmic neck of the woods.
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS: Planet Earth might preserve a special interest to an ETI considering the fact that 1) Planet Earth has a biosphere - a cosmic rarity, and a couple of) the inklings of indigenous intelligent lifestyles stirring.
SPECULATIVE HYPOTHESIS: Planet Earth may had been regarded by using ET as a tremendous herbal Petri dish and offered ET with a threat to do organic, behavioral and sociological experimentation on a grand scale that centered on at the least 3 elements: 1) creating an wise species thru synthetic choice and genetic engineering; 2) transporting the diverse species so created into differing environments to test for survival and flexibility and consequently relative intelligence; and 3) augmenting that survival and adaptableness take a look at through giving numerous 'gifts' to the evolving species (like fire, agriculture, and many others.). Most species failed their jogging through the survival and adaptableness maze and went extinct; some did reasonably properly, as a minimum for a while (like Homo erectus and the Neanderthals) earlier than going extinct; one species, Homo sapiens is walking the maze efficaciously - as a minimum up to now.
FACT: In support of the above speculative speculation, we word those oft noted misplaced civilizations and abandoned settlements and towns. Deserted or deserted cities appear to be a frequent theme in archaeology and the reasons are often far from being clear reduce and any scholarly reasons usually arguable. There are peoples and cultures and societies who arrive suddenly, seemingly out of nowhere, and emerge as vanishing into apparently skinny air, if now not down a Black Hole, someday similarly on down the track. It's nearly as if that they had disembarked out of the ether and lifted off again after having installed a presence, proof they left behind. The Olmecs are a case in point.
FACT: Ancient human mythologies from round the world have a commonplace theme that some of the seemingly mythological entities have a humanoid however non-human look like the Cyclopes, numerous winged humanoid beings (like the Greek goddess Nike or the Egyptian goddess Maat), numerous hybrid beings (like the Birdmen of Easter Island or the winged guys of historic Mesopotamia) plus numerous non-terrestrial acting lifestyles forms which can be frequently hybrids (consisting of the griffin or the dragon).
FACT: Ancient human mythologies from around the world, all manner of differing societies and cultures, even have a common subject matter of sky gods, celestial/heavenly beings, star human beings, and related.
FACT: The vital factor here is that those had been not sightings of sky gods and goddesses at a distance, but up near and private encounters, be it God and Jonah or God and Moses; angels and Abraham; Jesus and his disciples; Zeus and Europa; Paris up against Hera, Aphrodite and Athena; and so forth. Tales of close encounters that have filtered down from all ancient cultures and societies.
FACT: Ancient human mythologies from round the sector have a common topic that these entities have simply advanced excessive technology, like Thor's hammer; Zeus's thunderbolts; Poseidon's trident; Hades' invisibility helmet; Odin's spear, Hermes' winged shoes, the magic wand of Circe, etc. They additionally own aerial automobiles as mentioned in the Bible and in other texts from round the sector.
FACT: There are not any shortages of highly enigmatic historical systems around the arena (excepting Australia) that both have 1) no obvious rhyme or motive or regarded purpose for current (like the ones often large stone balls) and/or 2) might have hired technology we simply do not/can't associate with their proprietors and/or three) are even attributed by using their proprietors to non-human assets (like the Cyclopean Walls) and/or 4) or which had been transported with the aid of non-human sources and manner (like the ones Easter Island statues that walked through themselves), or in trendy over-the-pinnacle systems that required an super amount of effort and time, apparently manner out of share to the need for them, and thus subtracting from time to be had for greater searching after more primary needs like food (searching, collecting, tilling the fields), safe haven, defense, and making and repairing clothing). I'm questioning here like the pyramids (Egyptian and Mesoamerican); obelisks, Stonehenge (and many different comparable megaliths); gigantic statues (Egyptian, Asian, even Easter Island) and other rock carvings; the ones large earthen mounds of jap North America, and so on.
FACT: There are severa and great historic geo-glyphs from round the world which have been reputedly designed to be favored and visible for what they're from aerial heights. There are also numerous historical structures that mirror a fairly restricted number of a number of the admittedly distinguished constellations - The Egyptian trio of pyramids at Giza that replicate Orion's Belt straight away involves mind. Is this an ancient shape of worshiping the sky gods?
FACT: The sky gods, and so forth. Are generally associated with just a surprisingly few celestial gadgets or constellations which can be repeated again and again as you go from one ancient culture's mythology to some other. Orion's Belt, the Pleiades, and Sirius are celestial gadgets of note.
FACT: In mythologies throughout the historical international, human beings attribute their advent to the sky/celestial/heavenly gods (plural). If there have been simplest one society so saying this, it could probable be brushed off, but separate and apart accounts variety inside the multi-dozens and then some. Anomaly one is why advent of humanity would be postulated at all by human beings, except of direction these ancient cultures have been sincerely informed of this fact by using their creators; and anomaly two is that this advent implies some form of excessive-tech or superior shape of biotechnologies possessed by way of these so-called gods.
FACT: Humans are notably special from all our other primate ancestors and existing cousins in terms of getting a complicated way of life (art, tune, literature, religion, and so forth.); a minimum amount fur (we're the 'bare ape'); a totally high IQ and evolved brain; a bipedal gait without advantage of a balancing tail; very distinct facial capabilities; we come in awesome breeds (races); we've a complex written and verbal language that could address abstractions; as well as other traits that reputedly set us aside like questionable morals and ethics. Whether these differences makes us an apex of creation is a extraordinary count number, however can all of these variations be effortlessly explained by using natural choice and Darwinian evolution?
FACT: Universally, ancient human mythologies file that the sky gods gave humankind gifts in the shape of hearth, agriculture as well as a bunch of other practical technologies. That this is so is unusual in that humans do not have a tendency to turn away from taking credit score for his or her achievements. I can understand the want to invent the gods with the intention to give an explanation for (what to you is) the unexplainable, like eclipses, comets, supernovae, thunder and lightning, the rainbow, and many others. But why invent gods bearing presents to provide an explanation for your technologies and tradition you have already got which possibly you or your extended family or your ancestors created for themselves. This makes no experience, until it were absolutely proper of direction. If not, some thing is screwy someplace.
FACT: Well virtually now not universally. The Australian aboriginals, in spite of some 50,000 years (give or take) of Down Under habitation, furnished with abundant herbal sources, they in no way came up with the forms of items other cultures attributed to their gods. They never got here up with writing, the bow and arrow, the wheel, mathematics, everlasting settlements with homes or different structures, engineering, metallurgy, agriculture, maritime abilties, or whatever else even remotely like almost each different subculture had, now not even some thing as simple as pottery. They seemingly practiced no astronomical rituals or had any astronomically associated buildings. They did have lifestyle (rock artwork, music, cooking, and so forth.) and they did have hearth, but this is no longer unexpected in view that natural bushfires are a not unusual characteristic of the Australian panorama. So while historic Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, India, China, the Vikings, the Incas, the Aztecs, the Maya, even the native North American Indians as well as the Polynesians out colonizing the massive Pacific, had been strutting their stuff, the Australian aboriginal continued on and on with just the maximum basic of hunter-gatherer life. Even while Australia was 'observed' and settled by way of white Europeans, the aboriginals were nevertheless locked into what archaeologists might time period the Stone Age.
SPECULATIVE HYPOTHESIS: Although the Australian aboriginals in their extensive mythologies have severa references to celestial beings and related, one now wonders in the event that they won't were the gods' experimental manipulate group. That simply one foremost society would fail to expand any semblance to the kind of civilization as described via all these above stated societies is incredibly anomalous, but what better way to preserve the purity of your manage institution - let's see what takes place if a society receives no godly gifts - than to have it absolutely isolated on the island continent.
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS: If then, then now. It's now not hard to assume ET will maintain tracking Planet Earth with an ongoing presence, having executed the difficult yards to get here, having an ongoing hobby in this right here third rock even supposing it is only a token presence.
THE ELITE STOLE AND SILENCED THESE 5 INVENTIONS FROM NIKOLA TESLA AND RUINED OUR FUTURE
THE ELITE STOLE AND SILENCED THESE 5 INVENTIONS FROM NIKOLA TESLA AND RUINED OUR FUTURE
Without a doubt, the intelligent creations of the human mind change the whole pattern of our lives. Naive people would say that everyone in our society follows the path of kindness and unselfishness concerning the best interests of the humankind. Yet, the “crème de la crème” prefers the existing.
Yet, the “crème de la crème” prefers the existing, non-innovated environment. That act caused many inventions to fall down the river.