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    The purpose of  this blog is the creation of an open, international, independent and  free forum, where every UFO-researcher can publish the results of his/her research. The languagues, used for this blog, are Dutch, English and French.You can find the articles of a collegue by selecting his category.
    Each author stays resposable for the continue of his articles. As blogmaster I have the right to refuse an addition or an article, when it attacks other collegues or UFO-groupes.
     
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    ">

    Deze blog is opgedragen aan mijn overleden echtgenote Lucienne.

    In 2012 verloor ze haar moedige strijd tegen kanker!

    In 2011 startte ik deze blog, omdat ik niet mocht stoppen met mijn UFO-onderzoek.

    BEDANKT!!!

    UFO'S - MET HET LAATSTE NIEUWS OVER UFO'S BOVEN BELGIË EN IN ANDERE LANDEN...
    UFO's in België en de rest van de wereld
    In België heb je vooral BUFON of het Belgisch UFO-Netwerk, dat zich met UFO's bezighoudt. BEZOEK DUS ZEKER VOOR ALLE OBJECTIEVE INFORMATIE ww.ufo.be. Verder heb je ook het Belgisch-Ufo-meldpunt en Caelestia, die prachtig, doch ZEER kritisch werk leveren, ja soms zelfs héél sceptisch... Voor Nederland kan je de mooie site www.ufowijzer.nl bezoeken van Paul Harmans. Een mooie site met veel informatie en artikels. MUFON of het Mutual UFO Network Inc is een Amerikaanse UFO-vereniging met afdelingen in alle USA-staten en diverse landen. MUFON's mission is the analytical and scientific investigation of the UFO- Phenomenon for the benefit of humanity... Je kan ook hun site bekijken onder www.mufon.com. Ze geven een maandelijks tijdschrift uit, namelijk The MUFON UFO-Journal. Since 02/01/2013 is Pieter not only president (=voorzitter) of BUFON, but also National Director MUFON / Flanders and the Netherlands. We work together with the French MUFON Reseau MUFON/EUROP.
    31-03-2019
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.More than 100 UFOs sightings reported in NY last year

    More than 100 UFOs sightings reported in NY last year

    More than 100 UFOs sightings reported in NY last year

    More than 100 UFO sightings were reported in New York last year to the National UFO Reporting Center. The center, based in Davenport, Wash., says it makes no claims as to the validity of the information in any of these reports. “Obvious hoaxes have been omitted, however most reports have been posted exactly as received in the author’s own words.”

    “We hope that this information will prove to be useful to the general public and the UFO community at large.” Whether or not you believe these reports, the New York state UFOs are worth a look. In all, there were 103 UFO reports from the state in 2018.

    Many mention triangular-shaped objects or groups of objects, blinking lights, hovering objects and either saucer-shaped or cigar-shaped craft.

    The majority of sightings happened after dark, but one student spotted an object while taking a test on the morning of April 17 in Burnt Hills.

    “I was sitting in class and looked out of my class window and noticed a small egg-shaped object made of metal. It was floating above my school, but since I was taking a test I didn’t point it out.”

    The National UFO Reporting Center site indicates whether anyone checked out the report (some are labeled “hoax?”) or view video or photos.

    A sighting from Route 88 near Richmondville, Schoharie County, in July mentioned a semi truck with trooper and military escort: “On the flatbed was a craft that resembled a somewhat flattened bullet, with the back end flatter and 3 or 4 round things inside the back end for possible propulsion or exhaust function. no windows. no wings.”

    The center noted: “Nice illustration provided by witness. We suspect that the object probably was some type of military platform.”

    And then there’s the report that begins, “please keep me anonymous we just want to know if we are safe.”

    “My son and sister witnessed a creature at 3:20 in the morning while letting dog out.they came in running and screaming.they said the thing was 7-8 feet tall grey green elongated head, no genitals and when they startled it it ran at an impossible speed covering over 150 in two seconds and was out of sight.”

    A 2017 study by Chapman University in California found that 35 percent of Americans believe that aliens have come to Earth in the ancient past; 23 percent believe aliens are still visiting in modern times.

    The National UFO Reporting Center said it has recently seen a high volume of prank calls on its hotline, “typically dozens per day … we suspect that the same problem may spill over to the stream of incoming written reports.”

    However, it said, “there are, nevertheless, many excellent reports, submitted by anonymous parties, that deserve a reader’s attention, so a anonymous report is not necessarily unreliable.”

    Attribution:Jim Shay and Teresa Buckley - Timesunion

    {  https://www.etupdates.com/ }

    31-03-2019 om 23:58 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Video – The Moon is Artificial and I Can Prove It: Alien Observatory

    Video – The Moon is Artificial and I Can Prove It: Alien Observatory

    No doubt you’ve heard some of the completely unexplainable stories about the moon. There are the enigmatic structures that made front-page news of major new publications… but were then dismissed from all media, and even photo-shopped out of photos. There are the strange “lunar wave” videos of recent years, which seem to show the moon’s image actually jumping – as though it were a projected hologram; and.. you only need to search YouTube to see hundreds of entirely credible videos of strange lights, flurries, and unidentified flying aircraft departing and landing on the surface of the moon. Yet, the US supposedly quit landing on the moon in 1973, was our every scientific question answered? Why are these credible testimonies ignored… or dismissed? Could there be more to that ball in the sky than meets the eye

    If you research the moon, you might be surprised. Its reference in ancient history, its perfect geometrical symmetry, astronaut testimonies, all seem to point to only one logical conclusion: that our moon is most likely a hollowed out structure, and an artificial satellite, that was intentionally placed into Earth’s orbit only a few hundred thousand years ago – and that the advanced engineers accomplished this intending not only to influence the Earth’s biology but to oversee and control her inhabitants.

    Attribution: etupdates - Youtube

    https://www.etupdates.com/ }

    31-03-2019 om 23:48 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:ALIEN LIFE ( FR. , NL; E )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Whirling 'Cannonball' Pulsar Flees Supernova Site at Epic Speed

    Whirling 'Cannonball' Pulsar Flees Supernova Site at Epic Speed

    31-03-2019 om 23:37 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.US Military Shoots ICBM Target Out of the Sky in Missile Defense Test

    US Military Shoots ICBM Target Out of the Sky in Missile Defense Test

    31-03-2019 om 23:23 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.NASA Gigantic meteor explosion lights up the skies

    NASA Gigantic meteor explosion lights up the skies

    NASA Gigantic meteor explosion lights up the skies

    NASA Gigantic meteor explosion lights up the skies World Global warming

    #NASA reports earth suffered a near miss in December as a meteor exploded in the atmosphere over the#Bering Sea, close to #Russia‘s Kamchatka Peninsula. The meteor travelling at over 20 miles per second, exploded with the force of more than 10 times (173 kilotons) the strength, of the #atomic blast which obliterated #Hiroshima ending World War II.

    A spokesperson for NASA, Lindley Johnson, NASA’s #planetary defence official told BBC.UK that “a fireball this big is only expected about two or three times every 100 years,” the actual extraterrestrial rock exploded 25.6km above the Earth's surface and over water, and this is why people did not see the explosion. Furthermore, the #meteor entered the earth's atmosphere at a very steep trajectory of seven degrees making it hard to see with the naked eye.

    This is not the first time that the #Kamchatka Peninsula has witnessed such an extraterrestrial event such as this, just six years ago Chelyabinsk in Russia suffered an even greater meteor explosion 40% higher than this latest event and that one happened over land, so the fireball was noticed by many people.

    Authors note: If it were not for US Air Force #military #satellites which picked up the event before reporting it to NASA no one would have been the wiser. However, the area where the space rock entered the earth's atmosphere is used by civilian #airlines for some of their essential routes so NASA is hoping some of the pilots who may have witnessed the event, will come forward.

    For full story plus videos please click here

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    31-03-2019 om 22:53 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.4 things we’ll learn from the first closeup image of a black hole

    4 things we’ll learn from the first closeup image of a black hole

    Event Horizon Telescope data are giving scientists an image of the Milky Way’s behemoth

     

    FIRST LOOK  The first image from the Event Horizon Telescope may show that the black hole at the center of our galaxy looks something like this simulation.

    BRONZWAER, DAVELAAR, MOSCIBRODZKA AND FALCKE/RADBOUD UNIVERSITY

    31-03-2019 om 18:48 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Bizarre Accounts Of Alien “Monsters” From Outer Space

    Bizarre Accounts Of Alien “Monsters” From Outer Space

     Written by: Marcus Lowth  Estimated Reading Time: 9 minutes

    While many, even in the UFO community, tend to distance themselves from some of the outlandish claims of fanged “monsters” and even clawed robots, often with glowing eyes, arriving on Earth, seemingly from space in a technologically advanced craft and then proceeding to attack those in the nearby vicinity, the fact is there are many such claims on record.

    Indeed, we have examined some of these before such as the Hopkinsville incident or the Pascagoula River abduction, both of which, incidentally, are largely considered very credible cases. The latter incident, in particular, is of interest here, simply due to the time it took place, at the start of the seventies in 1973.

    Alien Monster

    Although such cases of fanged and/or clawed alien monsters can be found in accounts from most decades, it would seem a particularly heavy wave took place during the 1970s. And what’s more, they would take place all over the planet. From the United States to Japan to Brazil – to name a few – encounters with these bizarre cosmic creatures appeared to surge.

    So, while we should perhaps have a cautious pinch of salt at the ready, these claims shouldn’t be dismissed as freely as they often are. Here are just three such seemingly outrageous incidents. All of which occurred in the 1970s. And all from different regions of the planet.

    The Kofu City Humanoids Incident

    Perhaps one of the most intriguing claims of such an encounter comes from Kofu City in Japan. On the evening of 23rd February 1975, just before 7 pm, 7-year-old boys, Masato Kawano and Katsuhiro Yamahata were roller skating near a local housing estate.

    Suddenly, each of them noticed two strange orange crafts “glittering” high above them. They continued to watch for several moments, each in awe and amazement at the scene unfolding before them.

    Alien Monsters Japan 1

    Then, one of the crafts took off in the direction of Mount Atago. The other, however, began to descend towards them, eventually settling in a vineyard behind the housing estate. As the craft moved over them, each of the boys could hear an electronic “ticking” sound that some researchers claim was similar to a Geiger counter.

    The two boys kicked off their roller skates and ran towards the vineyard eager to get a closer look at this bizarre craft. When they had it back in their sights, it now shined a brilliant silver as it remained still on the ground. On top of the disc-like base was a definite dome. On the underside were “three ball-shaped legs”, upon which the craft appeared to rest.

    Kawano and Yamahata would each recall seeing “strange characters” (symbols) on the side of the craft, which had a metallic appearance. Then, a ramp or ladder emerged from the side of the craft. For the first time, the two boys began to feel decisively scared.

    A Humanoid In A “Glowing” Silver Suit With “Metal” Fangs!

    Both boys watched, neither daring to make a sound. As they watched, a strange humanoid creature with long arms began to descend the ramp. Inside the craft, the boys could see another, identical creature.

    According to later reports from the two boys, the creatures were approximately 4-feet tall and wore a “glowing” silver suit. They also had large heads with equally large, pointed ears, and dark, brown, leathery, wrinkled skin. Perhaps most frightening for the two boys, though, was the apparent sharp “metal fangs” protruding from its mount. Furthermore, its feet that ended in two big “toes”.

    Alien Monsters Japan 2

    At first, it appeared the creature was oblivious to the two young boys as it scanned its surroundings calmly. Then, it suddenly reached forward and placed a hand on Yamahata’s shoulder. As it did so, a noise came from it that the boys would recall as sounding like a “tape recorder running backward”.

    Yamahata suddenly fell to the ground, unable to move. His friend immediately reached for him and pulled him up, dragging him away as quickly as he could move. They didn’t stop to look back and soon reached their housing estate. They each suddenly ran to inform their parents of the bizarre incident.

    The “Take-Off” And Corroborating Witnesses

    Several minutes after the boys had crashed into their respective apartments, their mothers, with their sons with them, would meet up on the land at the back of the complex. They then, with the two young boys leading the way, half scared and half excitedly animated, set off to the vineyard.

    When they arrived, while the strange creature was gone, the craft itself remained. And it had now changed back to the bright, sparkling orange color as opposed to the cold metallic silver when the boys had approached it.

    The two youngsters urged their parents to go forward with them to investigate. However, each mother grabbed her child, deciding, perhaps wisely, to maintain their distance. The group remained watching the display for around five minutes. Then, without warning the craft shot straight upward in a flash of bright light. So bright, in fact, that each of the witnesses was forced to look away and shield their eyes.

    Aliens Monsters Japan 3

    Despite their surreal encounter, the two young boys would go to school as normal the following day. When they did, however, they were eager to speak of the previous evening’s events. Indeed, fellow students and teachers sat captivated while the two boys spoke to their class and drew pictures of what they had seen.

    Incidentally, perhaps encouraged by their tales, a classmate of the two boys, 8-year-old, Ichiro Minegishi would claim to have also witnessed the glowing saucer in the airwhile he was in the back seat of his parent’s car driving along the Kofy Bypass.

    Perhaps spurred on by the apparent honesty and openness of the two boys, the headmaster of the school, Nobuyoshi Kaneko, would organize their own investigation of the location.

    Physical Evidence At The Scene

    While it might seem, on the surface, to be an ill-advised idea, the investigative journey to the vineyard behind the two young boy’s apartment building would prove to be of importance in terms of evidence gathered at the scene.

    For example, they would discover two concrete posts, each solid and far too heavy for the two boys to move, both “pushed over”. Furthermore, they would discover definite markings on the ground where the boys claimed the craft had landed. Using a basic radioactivity measuring device one of the members of the makeshift investigative team would pick up substantially higher readings of radioactivity within the “circle” of the landing site.

    Perhaps realizing the potential seriousness of the situation, the two boys would face intense questions, separately, from the teachers and their parents. When UFO investigator, Masaru Mori, was asked to look into the case, he also questioned the boys at length. Not once did they deviate from their original statements despite the multiple times they told it.

    An official explanation for the sighting claims that what the boys saw in the air was a YS-11 plane which would fly at the altitude the boys saw the orange light. However, the only explanation for the landing and the creature itself seems to revolve around hallucination or hoax, neither of which is likely. Especially given the corroborating witness, at least to the craft itself.

    Before we look at another truly bizarre and disturbing encounter, check out the video below. It looks at some of the most bizarre humanoid creatures from around the world.

    The Encounter Of Antonio La Rubia

    At around 2:30 am on the 15th September 1977, Antonio La Rubia was awoken by a huge “hat-shaped object” which descended out of the skies and landed in a field near his home. He would go to investigate this strange occurrence, leaving his home and discreetly making his way towards the field.

    He would estimate the object to around 250 feet in width and was a lead color. The closer he got to it the more he rethought his decision to approach it in the first place. However, before he could turn back, a “brilliant blue beam” suddenly emerged from the craft, striking him and rendering him paralyzed.

    Now unable to move, his eyes took in his surroundings as best they could. It was then he noticed the three strange “robots” that had appeared around him. These bizarre creatures were truly absurd in their appearance. La Rubia would claim them to be around 4-feet tall with “scales” all over their aluminum grey torsos. Their arms were something akin to an elephant trunk which ended in a single finger on each arm. A closer look revealed what appeared to be a syringe in each finger.

    Alien Monsters La Rubia Abduction

    Even stranger were their heads, which were the shape of a “vertical football” with a spinning antenna on the top. Furthermore, a strip of blue mirror-type boxes went across the middle of the face perhaps where the eyes would be.

    Still unable to move, La Rubia watched with terror rising inside of him, as these mysterious robotic creatures “hovered” towards him.

    The next thing he knew, he too was hovering off the ground. One of the robots had pointed the syringe-like device at him. However, rather than inserting it into his skin, the robot used it to “float” La Rubia towards a waiting spacecraft.

    A Truly Mind-Bending Experience

    He would find himself in a circular room as each of the robots moved away from him in different directions. As he watched them, La Rubia suddenly noticed around twenty or more identical robots, all lined up in all directions around him.

    It was then that the terrified man screamed out:

    What do you want? Who are you?

    A bright light emerged from an unknown source and direction, once again paralyzing La Rubia. At the same time, the robots suddenly lowered to the floor, the antenna on their heads still spinning. As this was taking place, an equally mysterious spinning device came towards La Rubia. It would extract a sample of his blood before moving away into the dark shadows of the reaches of the room.

    Then, several bizarre images were displayed to the confused and frightened La Rubia. A strange factory seemingly full of identical robotic creatures like the ones around him, as well as a similar environment where the craft like the one he was currently on were being built. Even stranger were random images of busy streets, as well as images of himself, naked. Perhaps most bizarre was the images of a “robot melting while an angry dog barked at it”.

    Then, without warning, La Rubia would find himself in the middle of a road in the city of Paciencia several miles from home. He had on all of his clothes and none of his belongings were missing. As he looked up, he could see what looked like the bottom of a “huge, dark, balloon” moving upward, quickly and silently.

    Incidentally, there was a corroborating witness, at least to the UFO leaving the road in Paciencia. However, when it was discovered that the witness was a “local drunk” he was dismissed despite his insistence.

    The Space Brains Abduction Incident

    What is truly one of the most outlandish claims of alien abduction occurred at around 2 am on 17th August 1971 in the Palos Verdes region of California. Two men in their twenties, Peter Rodriguez and John Hodges, were about to drive home after spending the evening at a friend’s house. However, their night was about to take a decidedly strange turn.

    As Hodges sparked the engine into life and flicked the headlights on, something came into view in the middle of the road in front of them. Not quite believing their eyes, in the road were two large “brain-type” creatures, bluish in color and with a “strange vapor” around them. However, they were most definitely alive, whatever they were. One of them even had the rough shape of a human torso. Each had what appeared to be a red eye.

    Alien Monster Brains

    After snapping back to their senses, the two men felt a wave of absolute fear wash over them. Hodges now slammed his foot on to the gas pedal, pressing it down as hard as he could. Their respective houses were merely a block or two away from their friend’s. Within several minutes, after dropping Rodriguez at his front door, Hodges arrived home.

    However, when he looked at the clock on the wall upon walking inside, to his amazement and disbelief, it was just after 4:30 am. How had a 10-minute journey taken them over two hours? He racked his brains over and over. Just what had happened in those two hours? And why could he not remember them?

    “Take The Time To Understand Yourselves!”

    It would be five years before Hodges would finally undergo hypnotic regression in order to unlock his mind. And reveal the events of the early hours of that bizarre August morning in 1971. What’s more, it would appear that the experience happened to Hodges alone. Seemingly taking place after Rodriguez had left the car outside his house.

    Almost as soon as he was under, he would recall telepathic communication between the two bizarre brain-like entities. This began when he first saw them in front of the car. He would state they said to him:

    Take the time to understand yourselves. The time draws near when you shall need to. You shall not remember this incident until we meet again!

    And after that, Hodges had come to his senses along with his friend. And would drive away as fast as he could.

    Alien Monsters Brain

    After dropping Rodriguez home, Hodges did indeed arrive at his own house without incident. However, when he opened the car door, the two bizarre brain-creatures were waiting for him. The panic in him was evident. So much so, that at the time, he would seemingly blackout.

    Then, the next thing he was aware of, was waking up in a strange “control room”. He noticed that there were banks of computers all around this room. He could also see the brain-creatures too. However, when he surveyed his surroundings, there was another group of entities inside also.

    Will Closed Minds Lead To Our Collective Downfall?

    He would describe these creatures as humanoid and around 7-feet tall with leathery grey skin. They also appeared to have six fingers on each hand with webbing in-between each digit. Although he couldn’t recall how the information came to him, these humanoids would inform him that the brain-creatures were simply “organic translation devices” that allowed them to communicate telepathically.

    The next thing he recalled was a series of images shown to him on one of the computer screens. Interestingly, and similar in detail to many of the accounts from the 1950s and early-60s, the overriding message was of a concern for humanity, and of the fact that “too much power” was concentrated in specific locations around the planet.

    It isn’t clear whether this is a reference to some kind of build-up of natural power of the Earth, or, and most likely, the concentration of political and military power and influence. Hodges would again recall the message that we should:

    Take the time to know yourselves. The time draws near when you shall need to!

    What might this mean?

    As for Hodges, he would recall a strange “buzzing” sensation run through him before waking up in his car outside his house.

    As writer, Rob Murphy asks, might these apparent “concerns” actually be part of some cosmic psychological warfare? One designed to collectively disarm us and ultimately weaken ourselves against such an alien invasion?

    The idea itself sounds preposterous. However, our collective refusal to confront and understand such possibilities may prove to be our very own achilleas heel. Surely it is better to investigate and rule out the outrageous than to dismiss without investigation what could prove to be important understandings of our collective existence.

    The video below discusses this bizarre case a little further.

    https://www.ufoinsight.com/ }

    31-03-2019 om 18:28 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ALIEN LIFE ( FR. , NL; E )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Grab a bit of asteroid Bennu? Turns out, it’s tougher than expected

    Grab a bit of asteroid Bennu? Turns out, it’s tougher than expected

    The OSIRIS-REx mission, which plans to return the 1st-ever asteroid sample to Earth, is facing some unexpected challenges.

    Animated image via GIPHY.

    The first close-up observations by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft of its target, asteroid Bennu, reveal new details that pose a bigger challenge than scientists expected to the mission’s objective of collecting a sample of the asteroid.

    The OSIRIS-REx (Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer) spacecraft reached Bennu on December 3, 2018, after traveling 1.4 million miles (2.2 million km). For the past three months, OSIRIS-REx has been investigating Bennu at close range, beginning to search for an ideal site to collect a sample, and getting to know the asteroid in much greater detail.

    While the spacecraft’s observations have confirmed many of the measurements obtained by ground-based observations, recent findings have revealed that Bennu is a more challenging target than the mission was originally designed for.

    Here are some key findings from mission team members, presented at the Lunar and Planetary Sciences Conference in Houston on March 19, 2019.

    Surface densely covered with sharp-looking rocks.

    Bennu’s surface is rockier than expected, creating challenges for the team whose mission is to scoop up a sample of pristine material and return it to Earth in 2023.

    Image via NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona.

    Big boulders on Bennu’s surface

    The OSIRIS-REx team developed its sampling strategy around what they knew about Bennu when they designed the mission. They anticipated plentiful patches of relatively smooth surface with gravel and pebbles less than 1 inch in size that extend over at least 55 yards (50 meters). Instead, the spacecraft observed only a small number of regions, each between 5.4 and 22 yards (5 and 20 m), that are devoid of large boulders that pose a hazard to the spacecraft when it touches down to collect its sample.

    3 images of gray, gravelly, ground.

    This trio of images was taken by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft on February 25, 2019, in orbit around Bennu, about 1.1 miles (1.8 km) from the asteroid’s surface. The images show a wide shot and 2 close-ups of a region in Bennu’s northern hemisphere.

    Image via NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona.

    … make for a terrible airfield

    Instead of having the equivalent of half a football field to navigate in, the spacecraft will have to operate within the confines of sampling sites that are half the size of a basketball court or smaller.

    High-resolution images made with the OSIRIS-REx cameras reveal a surface packed with more than 200 boulders larger than 33 feet (10 m) in diameter and many more that are 3 feet (1 m) or larger. The largest boulder measures 63 yards (58 m) across.

    Bennu is very dark

    OSIRIS-REx measurements also confirm that Bennu is one of the darkest objects in the solar system, reflecting only 4 percent of sunlight. One of the surprises turned out to be a larger-than-expected variability in surface albedo, the proportion of light reflected by a surface. In other words, Bennu’s surface features vary greatly from one another with respect to their brightness. The high variability in albedo presents a challenge for the laser of the spacecraft’s lidar system, designed to guide the sample acquisition approach.

    These findings were published in the peer-reviewed journal Nature on March 19, 2019.

    Crescent asteroid with array of tiny bright dots on one side.

    This view of asteroid Bennu ejecting particles from its surface on January 19, 2019, was created by combining 2 images taken on board the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft.

    Image via NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona/Lockheed Martin.

    Another surprise … particle plumes!

    In another strange discovery, OSIRIS-REx observed plumes of particles being energetically ejected from the surface of Bennu. It’s the first-ever close-up observations of particle plumes erupting from an asteroid’s surface.

    The OSIRIS-REx team first spotted the particle plumes in images while the spacecraft was orbiting Bennu at a distance of about one mile (1.61 km). The mission team did a safety assessment and concluded the particles did not pose a risk to the spacecraft. The team continues to analyze the particle plumes and their possible causes. Read more about the discovery from NASA.

    Dante Lauretta is OSIRIS-REx principal investigator at the University of Arizona. Lauretta said in a statement:

    The discovery of plumes is one of the biggest surprises of my scientific career. And the rugged terrain went against all of our predictions. Bennu is already surprising us, and our exciting journey there is just getting started.

    Large asteroid bigger than two tall buildings side by side.

    The size of asteroid Bennu, which is 1,614 feet (492 meters) wide, compared with the Empire State Building and the Eiffel Tower in this NASA image.

    Sort of diamond-shaped asteroid with rocky surface.

    The OSIRIS-REx spacecraft was only 15 miles (24 km) from asteroid Bennu – on December 2, 2018 – when it captured the 12 high-resolution images that make up this mosaic. The mosaic shows features as small as 20 feet (6 meters)

    Image via NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona.

    Bottom line: New findings about asteroid Bennu from the OSIRIS-REx mission.

    https://earthsky.org/ }

    31-03-2019 om 18:09 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Hubble captures a rare active asteroid

    Hubble captures a rare active asteroid

    The Space Telescope’s sharp imaging provided detail on activity from active asteroid Gault, which is now known to be spinning on its axis so fast that material on its surface at times flies off into space.

    A starry point - the asteroid - with 2 long streaks extending from it.

    A Hubble Space Telescope view of asteroid 6478 Gault, showing 2 narrow, comet-like tails of debris. The bright streaks surrounding the asteroid are background stars.

    Image via NASA, ESA, K. Meech and J. Kleyna (University of Hawaii), O. Hainaut (European Southern Observatory)/SpaceTelescope.org.

    Asteroids are typically solid rocky or metallic bodies; comets are fragile, icy bodies that sometimes sprout tails when they come near the sun. But some asteroids have been found to appear comet-like, in that they also have tails. Scientists said on March 28, 2019, that they used the Hubble Space Telescope to observe such an asteroid, called 6478 Gault. Clear images from the telescope provided researchers with new insight into this asteroid’s unusual past, they said. They now believe that Gault is self-destructing slowly, which is the reason for its two narrow, comet-like tails of debris. Each tail is evidence of an active event that released material into space. Why is it self-destructing? The reason is thought to be its unusually fast spin on its axis.

    The team’s results have been accepted for publication in the peer-reviewed Astrophysical Journal Letters (preprint here).

    Astronomers have known about asteroid Gault for some time. It was discovered in 1988. The object is 2.5 to 5.5 miles (4 to 9 km) wide, and it’s located in the main asteroid belt, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Astronomers said in a statement:

    the recent observation of two debris tails is the first indication of the asteroid’s instability. This asteroid is one of only a handful to be caught disintegrating by a process known as a YORP torque. When sunlight heats an asteroid, the infrared radiation that escapes from its warmed surface carries off both heat and momentum. This creates a small force that can cause the asteroid to spin faster.

    If this centrifugal force eventually overcomes gravity, the asteroid becomes unstable. Landslides on the object can release rubble and dust into space, leaving behind a tail of debris, as seen here with asteroid Gault.

    Astronomers estimate that among the 800,000 known asteroids that occupy the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, YORP disruptions occur roughly once per year. From the Hubble observations, researchers inferred that the release of material from the asteroid took place in short episodes lasting from a few hours to a couple of days. They commented:

    The direct observation of this activity by the Hubble Space Telescope has provided [us] with a special opportunity to study the composition of asteroids. By researching the material that this unstable asteroid releases into space, [we] can get a glimpse into the history of planet formation in the early ages of the solar system.

    Follow-up observations have been made by various ground-based telescopes, and, these astronomers said:

    These data were used to deduce a two-hour rotation period for Gault, which is very close to the critical speed at which material will begin to tumble and slide across the asteroid’s surface before drifting off into space.

    Astronomer Jan Kleyna of the University of Hawaii – lead author of the new paper – commented:

    Gault is the best ‘smoking-gun’ example of a fast rotator right at the two-hour limit. It could have been on the brink of instability for 10 million years. Even a tiny disturbance, like a small impact from a pebble, might have triggered the recent outbursts.

    Astronomer Olivier Hainaut of the European Southern Observatory in Germany explained:

    This self-destruction event is rare. Active and unstable asteroids such as Gault are only now being detected by means of new survey telescopes that scan the entire sky, which means asteroids such as Gault that are misbehaving cannot escape detection any more.

    Bottom line: Hubble Space Telescope sharp imaging has provided valuable detail on activity from active asteroid Gault, which is now known to be spinning on its axis so fast – about every two hours – that material on its surface at times flies off into space.

    https://earthsky.org/ }

    31-03-2019 om 17:54 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.NASA and Google partner on Mars exploration

    NASA and Google partner on Mars exploration

    Devon Island in the Arctic is one of Earth’s most Mars-like places. NASA is there, training scientists and testing technologies for future Mars exploration. Now Google has joined in, to bring Devon Island’s Mars-like wonders to you.

    A barren, red-walled canyon with  water - perhaps an inlet from the surrounding sea - at its base.

    Here’s one of the Mars-like wonders of Devon Island in the High Arctic, featured in Google’s new documentary short on the NASA Haughton-Mars Project. This earthly canyon – called Astronaut Canyon by scientists – was carved by glaciers and resembles some of the tributary canyons to Ius Chasma on Mars.

    Image via HMP/Pascal Lee/SETI Institute.

    A crewed mission to Mars might be a long way off, but researchers are busy preparing, nonetheless. One of the best ways to prepare is by training scientists and testing new technologies in some of the most Mars-like locations on Earth, simulating the experience as much as possible.

    On March 25, 2019, the Mars Institute and the SETI Institute jointly announced a new partnership between Google and NASA’s Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) to further the goal of human Mars exploration and the public’s understanding of it. Their focus is Devon Island in Nunavut, Canada, in the Arctic. Devon Island is one of the most Mars-like places that can be found on Earth and the single largest continuous area of barren rocky polar desert on Earth. The announcement was accompanied by the release of new public outreach products including Street View imagery; a Google Earth guided tour highlighting the Mars-like geology of Devon Island (Chrome browser needed); and a documentary short captured at NASA’s Haughton-Mars Project with a Google Pixel 3. Want an example? Highlights from Google Street View include:

    Astronaut Canyon
    Haughton Crater at View Hill
    Haughton-Mars Project Base Camp
    Von Braun Planitia: An Ancient Lake Bed
    Haughton Crater at Breccia Cliffs

    The new Google Earth guided tour of Devon Island and NASA’s facilities there is called Mars on Earth. It illustrates – via factual narrative – how Devon Island is similar to the “magnificent desolation” of Mars. Please note that Google Earth is optimized for Google’s Chrome browser and might not work with other browsers.

    According to Pascal Lee, director of NASA HMP at Ames Research Center:

    We are excited about this new partnership with Google on the Haughton-Mars Project and about the data products being released. They allow us to share with the world some of the Mars-like wonders of the site and the fieldwork that we do.

    Map showing uppermost U.S., Canada and the location of Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic.

    Devon Island (Inuit: Tatlurutit) is an island in Canada and the largest uninhabited island on Earth. It is located in Baffin Bay, Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada.

    Map and caption via Wikipedia.

    Elongated buildings looking tiny against wide brown landscape.

    Aerial view of the Haughton-Mars Project Research Station and surrounding desolate terrain on Devon Island.

    Image via Mars Institute.

    Haughton-Mars Project Research Station, longish buildings radiating from larger center building.

    Closer aerial view and map of Haughton-Mars Project Research Station.

    Image via Mars Institute.

    Google captured its images in August 2018, when it took part in HMP’s 2018 summer field campaign as a new Education and Public Outreach partner.

    The team also produced a 10-minute documentary called “Mars On Earth: A Visit to Devon Island,” filmed in HD using a Google Pixel 3 smartphone. The film provides an overview of the activities at Haughton-Mars Project Research Station (HMPRS) over a 10-day period. Also included in the documentary are flight tests and science application studies of NASA’s Mars Electric Reusable Flyer (MERF), an experimental aircraft for Mars exploration being developed at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. As Katja Minitsenka, leader of the Google team, noted:

    We were very humbled by the opportunity to get a glimpse into the work planetary scientists are doing on Devon Island. Now we are thrilled to share the results of our time on the world’s largest uninhabited island with Google users.

    Watch the film here:

    According to Bill Diamond, President and CEO of the SETI Institute:

    This new partnership between Google and the NASA Haughton-Mars Project, one of many groundbreaking research projects at the SETI Institute, is a beautiful example of how private industry and nonprofits can come together to advance science, exploration, education and public outreach. Stay tuned for more in the near future.

    The Haughton-Mars Project, by the way, is based at Devon Island’s Haughton Crater – a 12-mile-wide (20-km-wide) meteorite impact crater – and surrounding terrain. A leading international Mars analog field research project, HMP has conducted numerous field studies during its 22-year history.

    Locations like Devon Island, or the Atacama Desert in Chile, are about the closest one can get to Mars-like extremely dry conditions on Earth, with little to no vegetation, rainfall or other moisture. As such, they are ideal places to conduct experiments and prepare for future human missions.

    Brown Devon Island and Haughton Crater with circles indicating 100 and 200 kilometers from base.

    Map of Devon Island with location of Haughton Crater.

    Image via NASA/HMP/Pascal Lee.

    Four-wheeled rover with equipment sticking out of the top.

    A K10 Black rover doing a site survey in Haughton Crater.

    Image via Matt Deans/NASA.

    Large 4-wheel vehicles, one with jointed arm, other with two standing space suits.

    Testing of analog pressurized rovers at Haughton-Mars Project Research Station on Devon Island. Left: field test with robotic arm. Right: test of rover equipped with two EVA suit ports for astronauts.

    Image via Mars Institute.

    Aerial view of almost identical canyons on Devon Island and Mars.

    Comparison of similar canyons on Devon Island and Mars. Left: Astronaut Canyon on Devon Island. Right: Ius Chasma on Mars.

    Image via Mars Institute.

    Bottom line: The partnership between NASA and Google provides new and innovative ways to not only advance testing for human exploration of Mars, but also to share that adventure with the public at large.

    https://earthsky.org/ }

    31-03-2019 om 17:47 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Scientists plead to stop creation of killer robots: We're at 'the brink of a new arms race'

    Scientists plead to stop creation of killer robots: We're at 'the brink of a new arms race'

    31-03-2019 om 17:31 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Bizarre geheime CIA-stukken over verloren beschavingen op aarde openbaar gemaakt. Wat mogen wij niet weten?
    Bizarre geheime CIA-stukken over verloren beschavingen op aarde openbaar gemaakt. Wat mogen wij niet weten?

    Bizarre geheime CIA-stukken over verloren beschavingen op aarde openbaar gemaakt. Wat mogen wij niet weten?

    Recentelijk heeft de CIA een document vrijgegeven over verloren beschavingen op aarde en catastrofes die vele duizenden jaren geleden hebben plaatsgevonden, en die ervoor hebben gezorgd dat ze zomaar ineens van de aardbodem verdwenen.

    Het document geeft antwoord op de vraag waarom ons verleden is omgeven door zoveel mysterie en onzekerheden.

    In het vrijgegeven document, dat 57 pagina’s telt, wordt ook gesproken over Atlantis.

    Grote raadsels

    Het oorspronkelijke stuk bestond uit ruim 200 pagina’s, maar de CIA heeft er slechts een aantal geopenbaard. Het is niet bekend waarom het grootste deel nog altijd geheim is.

    De auteur stelt in het stuk dat de Piramide van Gizeh in Egypte, Paaseiland, Tiahuanaco en Baalbek grote raadsels zijn.

    Anno 2019 kunnen we nog altijd niet met zekerheid zeggen hoe de Piramide van Gizeh is gebouwd en met welk doel.

    Verloren continent

    In de drie grote piramides zijn geen mummies gevonden en daarnaast bevatten ze geen hiërogliefen. Sterker nog: nergens in Egypte zijn hiërogliefen gevonden die verwijzen naar een piramide.

    Duizenden jaren lang was de Piramide van Gizeh het hoogste bouwwerk op aarde.

    In het document wordt verder gesteld dat Paaseiland ooit deel uitmaakte van een verloren continent genaamd Mu, dat grotendeels is gezonken na een catastrofe.

    Meer dan 1000 ton

    Ook de enorme stenen in Baalkbek komen aan bod. De monolithische steunmuren van de stad in Libanon werden gebouwd met stenen die meer dan 1000 ton wogen.

    In een steengroeve in de buurt van de stad ligt een nog grotere steen, die nog zwaarder is.

    Volgens wetenschappers is Baalbek gebouwd door de Romeinen, maar die beschikten niet over de technologie om zulke zware stenen van de grond te tillen.

    Het document is hier te lezen.

    Bekijk de video hieronder:

    [Bright Insight]
    © Copyright (c) NineForNews.nl

    31-03-2019 om 16:57 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:NineForNews. nl ( new ipv NIBURU.nl) (NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Was koningin Nefertiti niet afkomstig van deze aarde? Dit is wat egyptologen erover zeggen
    Was koningin Nefertiti niet afkomstig van deze aarde? Dit is wat egyptologen erover zeggen

    Was koningin Nefertiti niet afkomstig van deze aarde? Dit is wat egyptologen erover zeggen

    In 1922 werd de sarcofaag van koning Toetanchamon ontdekt. Men sprak van één van de belangrijkste archeologische ontdekkingen aller tijden.

    Bijna een eeuw later bleek dat er meer zit achter de laatste rustplaats van de koning dan je zou denken.

    In 2015 ontdekte egyptoloog Nicholas Reeves iets opvallends: twee verborgen openingen die verbonden zijn met de grafkamer van Toetanchamon.

    Nefertiti

    Reeves vermoedt dat één van de openingen leidt naar de tombe van koningin Nefertiti, de vrouw van farao Achnaton.

    Dan rijst de vraag waarom de tombe van Nefertiti verborgen is achter die van koning Toet.

    Volgens sommigen is de reden dat Nefertiti niet afkomstig was van deze aarde.

    Langwerpige schedel

    “Het is onbekend wie de ouders van Nefertiti waren,” zegt schrijver Erich von Däniken in het televisieprogramma Ancient Aliens. “Op afbeeldingen staat ze afgebeeld met een langwerpige schedel.”

    Hij wees erop dat de Egyptische goden ook van deze langwerpige schedels hadden en volgens oude geschriften ‘soms de aarde verlieten en soms weer terugkeerden naar de aarde’.

    Buitenaards

    Misschien waren de ouders van Nefertiti buitenaards, aldus Von Däniken.

    “Koning Achnaton en zijn vrouw zagen er volstrekt anders uit dan andere Egyptische koningen,” merkte egyptoloog Ramy Romany op.

    Hij voegde toe dat Achnaton altijd werd afgebeeld met een langwerpige schedel.

    Bekijk de video hieronder:

    [History]
    © Copyright (c) NineForNews.nl

    31-03-2019 om 16:52 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:NineForNews. nl ( new ipv NIBURU.nl) (NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.New Linda Moulton Howe Something Huge Has Been Discovered in Antarctica

    New Linda Moulton Howe Something Huge Has Been Discovered in Antarctica

    Underground in Antarctica they have found doors up-to 18 feet thick, made of rock hard basalt. Even though they weigh many tonnes they can open with just the touch of a finger.

    On the back of these doors are the symbol of the black sun. The interior was heated to around 68-72 degrees Fahrenheit (20-22 Celsius), and was also lighted by a lime green source projected from the ceiling and floor.

    He did not see any heating or lighting equipment, which added to the mystery of the buried structure. Only part of the structure has been uncovered so far by the archaeological teams, with the rest buried under the ice and extending far below.

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    31-03-2019 om 16:39 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Before it's news (ENG.)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Killing Field From the Day the Dinosaurs Died Found in North Dakota

    Killing Field From the Day the Dinosaurs Died Found in North Dakota

    Some discoveries change everything. Most just explain a lot. A few explain a LOT. The latter is the case of a new discovery in North Dakota – a killing field formed perhaps no more than hours after the event that caused the mass extinction of dinosaurs 66 million years ago … the asteroid or comet that smashed into the Earth near the Yucatan Peninsula and created the Chicxulub crater. Fossils found in what was once an inland sea show that the dinosaurs and other creatures there died in a rain of glass crystals formed when molten particles tossed skyward cooled and fell to the ground. And if that didn’t kill them, the seismic waves did. Is this the best picture ever of the day the Cretaceous Period ended? The day the K-T boundary was formed? The day the dinosaurs stood still?

    “This is the first mass death assemblage of large organisms anyone has found associated with the K-T boundary. At no other K-T boundary section on Earth can you find such a collection consisting of a large number of species representing different ages of organisms and different stages of life, all of which died at the same time, on the same day.”

    In an interview published in the University of California Berkeley News, Robert DePalma, curator of paleontology at the Palm Beach Museum of Natural History in Florida and a doctoral student at the University of Kansas, explained how his very first career dig in the summer of 2013 triggered the interest that kept bringing him back to North Dakota to slowly reveal that the Hell Creek Formation — a fossil cornucopia of preserved remains of fish, tree trunks, conifer branches, dead mammals, mosasaurs, insects, Triceratops, dinoflagellates, ammonites and more — was created within 24 hours of the impact that created Chicxulub and ended Cretaceous. That day is described in “Prelude to Extinction: a seismically induced onshore surge deposit at the KPg boundary, North Dakota,” to be published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

    “It’s like a museum of the end of the Cretaceous in a layer a meter-and-a-half thick.”

    Mark Richards, a UC Berkeley professor emeritus and provost and professor of earth and space sciences at the University of Washington, and Walter Alvarez, the UC Berkeley Professor who is credited with coming up with the extinction-causing asteroid over 40 years ago, were brought in by DePalma to analyze this layer of history. (Photos and videos of the site and the researchers can be viewed here.) The key to linking it to the Chicxulub impact was perfectly-preserved beads of glass called tektites that blanketed the creatures to the point that they appeared in the gills of fossilized fish. These beads did more than fall – they were propelled from the sly at up to 200 miles-per-hour.

    Robert DePalma excavating at the Tanis fossil site in North Dakota.
    fossil logs and fish

    Fish carcasses and two logs tossed together by the seiche created by seismic waves from the meteor impact.

    fossilized tail of fish

    A perfectly preserved fish tail from Tanis deposit.

    “You can imagine standing there being pelted by these glass spherules. They could have killed you.”

    Run!

    This is the most well-preserved example of death by tektites in the world and funnels of them in perfect shape were found buried in the ground. How did that happen? That was the second key discovery, according to DePalma.

    “Tsunamis from the Chicxulub impact are certainly well-documented, but no one knew how far something like that would go into an inland sea. When Mark came aboard, he discovered a remarkable artifact — that the incoming seismic waves from the impact site would have arrived at just about the same time as the atmospheric travel time of the ejecta. That was our big breakthrough.”

    Instead of a single tsunami, the area was hit with seismic waves called seiches that we now know were created far from the impact. Richards described the scene on that day 66 million years ago:

    “The seismic waves start arising within nine to 10 minutes of the impact, so they had a chance to get the water sloshing before all the spherules (small spheres) had fallen out of the sky. These spherules coming in cratered the surface, making funnels — you can see the deformed layers in what used to be soft mud — and then rubble covered the spherules. No one has seen these funnels before.”

    These layers of fossils, tektites and sediment are topped by a coating of iridium, a metal rarely found on Earth because it comes from … you guessed it … asteroids and comets. No matter where you dig around the world, when you hit the 66 million years ago mark, you find a layer of iridium that has come to be called the K-T or K-Pg boundary when Cretaceous ends and the Tertiary or Paleogene Period begins.

    And now we know that the best place to see how the whole thing happened, including definitive proof that dinosaurs were still alive moments before the Chicxulub impact, is not in the Gulf of Mexico but in North Dakota.

    The Peace Garden State is standing proud.

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/  }

    31-03-2019 om 16:24 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Scientists Suggest We Could Be Living In A “Galactic Zoo” Run By Aliens

    Scientists Suggest We Could Be Living In A “Galactic Zoo” Run By Aliens

    Members of METI (Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence) gathered in Paris last week to talk about aliens and what they came up with is quite interesting to say the least. They mentioned that although researchers have been searching the skies for many decades, there is a lack of actual evidence proving that aliens exist.

    Since there are billions of stars surrounding us, we’ve never heard any communication from extraterrestrials and this where the Fermi Paradox comes in, which is the contradiction between the lack of evidence that extraterrestrials exist and the high probability that they do in fact exist.

    There are many theories as to why we haven’t had any contact with aliens, such as they’re sleeping, or they’re not around anymore. But one theory in particular was discussed in Paris last week by the METI researchers and it’s that maybe we have been quarantined by the extraterrestrials. They suggested that we may be in a type of cage like we’re in some kind of galactic zoo.

    Florence Raulin Cerceau, who is the METI director as well as an astrobiologist, explained, “This puzzle of why we haven’t detected extraterrestrial life has been discussed often,” adding, “But in this workshop’s unique focus, many of the talks tackled a controversial explanation first suggested in the 1970s, called the ‘zoo hypothesis’.” METI president Douglas Vakoch weighed in by saying, “Perhaps extraterrestrials are watching humans on Earth, much like we watch animals in a zoo.”

    The zoo hypothesis was first presented by MIT researcher John Ball in a 1973 paper. He wrote, “Extraterrestrial intelligent life may be almost ubiquitous,” adding, “The apparent failure of such life to interact with us may be understood in terms of the hypothesis that they have set us aside as part of a wilderness area or zoo.” He later wrote in another research paper, “ETI may be discreetly and inconspicuously watching us but not dabbling.”

    In 2016, Josh Hrala told ScienceAlert that while the zoo hypothesis does assume that aliens exist, perhaps the reason why they’re not interacting with us is because they don’t want to have any influence on our society and they just want to keep observing us from far away.

    The zoo hypothesis is one of many theories involving alien life, but it’s definitely an interesting hypothesis to consider. “It seems likely that extraterrestrials are imposing a ‘galactic quarantine’ because they realize it would be culturally disruptive for us to learn about them,” stated researcher Jean-Pierre Rospars from the Institut national de la recherche agronomique and who attended the METI workshop.

    Whether we’re in some sort of galactic zoo or not, it would still be very exciting and life-changing if we could somehow receive any type of communication from extraterrestrials, or even solid proof that they do in fact exist.

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/  }

    31-03-2019 om 16:02 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ALIEN LIFE ( FR. , NL; E )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Bizarre Secret Files Released on Lost Ancient Human Civilizations

    Bizarre Secret Files Released on Lost Ancient Human Civilizations

    A recently declassified document discussed the topic of lost ancient human civilizations, and cataclysms that occurred on earth thousands of years ago – causing them to vanish from the earth and without explanation.

    Thus answering the question of why there is so much mystery and unanswered questions involving our true ancient past. The creator of this document also states that the Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt, Easter Island, Tiahuanaco, and Baalbek are ancient Enigmas.

    The lost city of Atlantis is also mentioned in the declassified files.

    https://beforeitsnews.com }

    31-03-2019 om 15:47 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ARCHEOLOGIE ( E, Nl, Fr )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Overlords Alert! AI Robots are Reproducing, Evolving and Getting Religion

    Overlords Alert! AI Robots are Reproducing, Evolving and Getting Religion

    Welcoming our new overlords of any kind is becoming more than just a funny meme … it may be a warning that their arrival could be happening faster than we can perceive, comprehend … or stop. That seems to be the case if the overlords are artificially intelligent robots as the tech news media this week brings stories of AI robots reproducing, evolving and reciting bible verses to humans based on data collected to determine what their spiritual needs at the moment might be. Robots controlling what you pray for? Will they stop you from praying for less robots?

    Wired reports this week on research in the field of evolutionary robotics being conducted at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam by computer scientist Gusz Eiben. Ebsen uses simple AI robots with simple “genomes” that define what their color will be. He then has them “mate” via connections and combine their genomes. Like in humans, he programmed the connection and combination to have flaws that can cause mutations in the “offspring.” The end result?

    One parent is fully green, and the other parent is fully blue. Then the child has some modules that are blue and some that are green, but the head is white. That’s not what we put in—it’s a mutation effect.”

    Obviously, negative or flawed mutations would not be the goal. Programmers of evolutionary robots would design them to combine their strongest “genes” or characteristics to produce a baby bot with the best of both robot parents. With computers powering their intelligence and decision-making, this “evolution” could result in combinations not foreseen by human engineers. Additionally, what humans may see as genetic flaws may have uses that the AI determines to be valuable.

    Everything will be OK as long as humans tightly control the algorithms … right? Research scientist David Howard, who recently published a framework for evolutionary robotics in Nature Machine Intelligence, proposes a scenario where scientists developing robots for exploring jungles do it by sending robots out into jungle to learn for themselves.

    “What we’d do is get lots of small robots that are quite simple and cheap to make. We’d send them out, and some of them would do better than others.”

    By “do better than others,” Howard means make it back to the lab in one piece. Those that do would be allowed to “mate” and create the next generation of bots to send out into the jungle again and repeat the process. What could possibly go wrong?

    Where did every bot-ty go?

    “From the Gospel according to Matthew. Do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.”

    Sage advice, you say? Would you feel the same way if you knew it was an AI robot’s response to your concern? In a recent article in the Wall Street Journal, Gabriele Trovato, a roboticist and assistant professor at Waseda University in Japan, introduces SanTO, a 17-inch-tall robot equipped with a microphone, sensors and a facial recognition-enabled camera. Trovato developed SanTO with a specific purpose in mind (view photos of SanTO here):

    Roboticist Gabriele Trovato designed SanTO, a robot shaped like a figurine of a Catholic saint, to provide comfort and assistance to the elderly.

    GABRIELE TROVATO

    A woman interacts with SanTO at a nursing home in Siegen, Germany.

    PHOTO: GABRIELE TROVATO

    Built from the body of an automated-teller machine, the BlessU-2 robot can communicate in seven languages and offers several different types of prayers, such as those focused on tradition or renewal. 
    PHOTO: DIANA LOEFFLER

    “Religion has evolved through history, from oral tradition to written tradition to press and mass media. So it’s very reasonable to think that AI and robotics will help religion to spread out more.”

    Although Trovato was warned by religious officials that SanTO should not offer biblical interpretations, it comes close by making decisions which text to recite by interpreting the needs of the person it is working for based on the questions asked and cues picked up by the facial recognition system. Isn’t that counseling and teaching using biblical quotations?

    Robots are reproducing, evolving and “spreading the word” of religious texts. Perhaps when we worry about our eventual takeover by the robot overlords, we should less concerned about the “over” and fret more about the “lord” part.

    Or are we too late?

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    31-03-2019 om 13:43 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Archaeologists Discover 3,900-Year-Old Inscriptions In Amethyst Mine

    Archaeologists Discover 3,900-Year-Old Inscriptions In Amethyst Mine

    Archaeologists have discovered over 100 ancient inscriptions that were carved into the rock at Wadi el-Hudi, which is where the Egyptians mined amethysts in ancient times. They also found 14 stele (which are inscriptions that are carved on a slab of stone or pillar) and 45 ostraca (which are inscriptions that are written on pottery pieces).

    While tests are currently being conducted on the findings, archaeologists have already concluded that several of the inscriptions were from approximately 3,900 years ago (a time period known as the “Middle Kingdom”), and several of the ostraca were from around 2,000 years ago (approximately the same time that Egypt was taken over by Rome).

    Egypt

    During the Middle Kingdom time period in Egypt, the pharaohs discovered that Wadi el-Hudi was an excellent source for amethysts and started mining it. “They were bringing it back and making it into jewelry and doling it out to their elite and their princesses,” Kate Liszka, who is the director of the Wadi el-Hudi expedition, told Live Science.

    Although other scholars previously surveyed Wadi el-Hudi, many of the inscriptions were overlooked. “The site is just so full of inscriptions behind every boulder and around every wall that they missed a lot of them,” Liszka stated. In order to find new inscriptions, the team is using 3D modeling, photogrammetry, and reflectance transformation imaging (RTI).

    The team hopes that the inscriptions will answer many of the mysteries surrounding Wadi el-Hudi, such as whether or not the miners were being forced to work against their free will. “I don’t know if I’m excavating a legitimate settlement where people were treated well or if I’m excavating a prison camp,” explained Liszka.

    Amethyst

    Some of the inscriptions indicate that there were groups of soldiers who were staring down at the miners while they worked, which makes researchers wonder whether the soldiers were keeping a watchful eye on the miners to make sure they were working hard, or if they were just protecting them.

    Dating back around 3,900 years, this site at Wadi el-Hudi houses a settlement in a valley between two hills and an amethyst mine.

    Credit: Photo courtesy Wadi el-Hudi Expedition

    One of more than 100 inscriptions that were recently discovered by researchers at Wadi el-Hudi.

    Credit: Photo courtesy Wadi el-Hudi Expedition

    Another unanswered question is how the miners got access to water since the closest well was 1.9 miles away from them. And since it’s very possible that the well wasn’t even in use at that time, the Nile River was around 18.6 miles away.

    Researchers also found a 3,400-year-old stela which had the name Usersatet written on it, who was viceroy of Kush in southern Egypt. What’s so mysterious about the finding is that no mining was being conducted at Wadi el-Hudi during that time, leaving it completely abandoned, so why did someone bring it 18.6 miles throughout the desert in order to leave it there? Hopefully with more research being done there, some of these questions may eventually be answered.

    {https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    31-03-2019 om 13:28 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ARCHEOLOGIE ( E, Nl, Fr )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Deadly blizzard, UFO or...? Prosecutors travel to Dyatlov Pass to solve 60yo Mystery

    Deadly blizzard, UFO or...? Prosecutors travel to Dyatlov Pass to solve 60yo Mystery

    Located in the Ural Mountains, the remote patch of wilderness became infamous in paranormal lore after a 1959 incident where a group of hikers were found dead in the Ural Mountains under unclear circumstances.


    Despite a contemporaneous investigation by Russian officials and subsequent decades of study from independent researchers, the cause of the strange event has never been fully determined.

    Back in 2008 an unnamed individual reportedly stumbled upon an intriguing piece of metal while visiting the area and was only recently confirmed after an expedition finally made their way out to the specific location to both see the object for themselves and to bring it back to civilization to be studied.

    And now Russian prosecutors conducted a week-long expedition in March to re-open a probe in to the mysterious Dyatlov Pass case.

      

    http://ufosightingshotspot.blogspot.com/ }

    31-03-2019 om 12:19 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:MYSTERIES ( Fr, Nl, E)
    30-03-2019
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The 5 Most Credible Modern UFO Sightings

    The 5 Most Credible Modern UFO Sightings

    Let’s revisit five of the most believable UFO sightings of the 21st century.

    In 2017, several news organizations revealed the existence of the Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program (AATIP), a U.S. government-funded investigation into unidentified flying objects from 2007 to 2012. This secret $22 million program, however, was not the first of its kind. Official government UFO studies began in the late 1940s with Project Sign, providing some of the most credible videos of aerial phenomena to date. The 2017 revelation that the U.S. government was actively researching UFOs re-ignited world interest in UFOs and aliens. Below are five of the most believable UFO sightings of the 21st century.

    1. The Lights Above the New Jersey Turnpike (2001)

    It takes a lot for motorists to stop alongside a highway to look toward the sky, but on July 14, 2001, drivers on the New Jersey Turnpike did just that. For around 15 minutes just after midnight, they marveled at the sight of strange orange-and-yellow lights in a V formation over the Arthur Kill Waterway between Staten Island, New York, and Carteret, New Jersey. Carteret Police Department’s Lt. Daniel Tarrant was one of the witnesses, as well as other metro-area residents from the Throgs Neck Bridge on Long Island and Fort Lee, New Jersey near the George Washington Bridge. 

    Air-traffic controllers initially denied that any airplanes, military jets or space flights could have caused the mysterious lights, but a group known as the New York Strange Phenomena Investigators (NY-SPI) claimed to receive FAA radar data that corroborated the UFO sightings from that night.

    An image taken from a video released by the Defense Department’s Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program of a 2004 encounter near San Diego between two Navy F/A-18F fighter jets and an unknown object. (Credit: U.S. Department of Defense via The New York Times/Redux)

    2. The USS Nimitz Encounter (2004)

    On November 14, 2004, the aircraft carrier USS Princeton noted an unknown craft on radar 100 miles off the coast of San Diego. For two weeks, the crew had been tracking objects that appeared at 80,000 feet and then plummeted to hover right above the Pacific Ocean. 

    When two FA-18F fighter jets from the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz arrived in the area, they first saw what appeared to be churning boiling water in an oval shape underneath the surface. Then, in a few moments, a white Tic Tac-shaped object appeared above the water. It had no visible markings to indicate an engine, wings or windows, and infrared monitors didn't reveal any exhaust. Commander David Fravor and Lt. Commander Jim Slaight of Strike Fighter Squadron 41 attempted to intercept the craft, but it accelerated away, re-appearing on radar 60 miles away. It moved three times the speed of sound and twice the speed of the fighter jets. 

    3. O’Hare International Airport Saucer (2006)

    Flight 446 was getting ready to fly to North Carolina from Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport, when a United Airlines employee on the tarmac noticed a dark grey metallic craft hovering over gate C17. That day, November 7, 2006, a total of 12 United employees—and a few witnesses outside the airport—spotted the saucer-shaped craft around 4:15 p.m. 

    The witnesses say it hovered for about five minutes before shooting upward, where it broke a hole in the clouds—enough that pilots and mechanics could see the blue sky. The news report became the most-read story on The Chicago Tribune’s website to that date and made international news. However, because the UFO was not seen on radar, the FAA called it a “weather phenomenon” and declined to investigate.

    4. The Stephenville Sightings (2008)

    The small town of Stephenville, Texas, 100 miles southwest of Dallas, is mostly known for its dairy farms, but in the evening of January 8, 2008, dozens of its residents viewed something unique in the sky. Citizens reported seeing white lights above Highway 67, first in a single horizontal arc and then in vertical parallel lines. Local pilot Steve Allen estimated that the strobe lights “spanned about a mile long and a half mile wide,” traveling about 3,000 miles per hour. No sound was reported.

    Witnesses believed the event was reminiscent of the Phoenix Lights sightings of 1997. While the U.S. Air Force revealed weeks later that F-16s were flying in the Brownwood Military Operating Areas (just southwest of Stephenville), many townspeople didn’t buy that explanation, believing that what they saw was too technologically advanced for current human abilities.

    5. East Coast GO FAST Video (2015)

    Leaked in 2017 along with the news of the Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program, was a video that revealed an encounter between an F/A-18 Super Hornet and an unidentified flying vehicle. Seen along the East Coast on a Raytheon Advanced Targeting Forward-Looking Infrared (ATFLIR) Pod, the craft was similar to that spotted off San Diego in 2004: a fast-moving white oval about 45-feet-long without wings or exhaust plume. 

    The pilots tracked the object at 25,000 feet above the Atlantic Ocean as it flew away and simultaneously rotated on its axis. No explanation ever emerged.

    30-03-2019 om 23:45 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Stargazers looking for Aurora Australis mystified by bright green flash

    Stargazers looking for Aurora Australis mystified by bright green flash

    Flash of green light over Pipe Clay Lagoon toward Clifton Beach, Tasmania, March 28 2019

    30-03-2019 om 23:26 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.SpaceX readies 'Starship Hopper' spacecraft prototype for first test

    SpaceX readies 'Starship Hopper' spacecraft prototype for first test

    The uncrewed vehicle is a small version of a 100-passenger spaceship that will take humans to Mars.
    SpaceX is planning to test a mini prototype of its 100-passenger Starship, which the company is developing to carry people to and from Mars.
    SpaceX is planning to test a mini prototype of its 100-passenger Starship, which the company is developing to carry people to and from Mars.
    SpaceX
    By Denise Chow

    SpaceX is preparing to test a prototype of a sleek, stainless steel spaceship that the company is developing to ferry passengers on trips to Mars.

    The prototype, a small version of the huge, 100-passenger Starship now in development, could undergo its first test soon, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk tweeted on March 17. The uncrewed vehicle, called Starship Hopper, is expected to take brief “hops” during the test, lifting off “only barely,” according to Musk.

    Image: US-SPACE-AEROSPACE-SPACE X

    SpaceX CEO Elon Musk shared this photo of the Starship test flight rocket on Twitter on Jan. 10, 2019.
    Elon Musk / SpaceX via AFP - Getty Images file

    Neither Musk nor the company specified a date for the test, to be conducted at the company's launch facility near Brownsville, Texas. But a county judge told the Brownsville Herald on March 21 that he had signed an order to close roads around the area on two consecutive days so SpaceX could fuel the spaceship and “test the tank.”

    Views of the rocket and launch pad are being live-streamed by SPadre.com, a site that promotes tourism in South Padre Island, a resort town that is separated from the launch facility by a narrow waterway.

    SpaceX intends to use the Starship as a reusable interplanetary transportation system that will launch atop a gigantic new booster known as the Super Heavy.

    Musk want to use the 100-passenger Starship to colonize Mars to avoid extinction if runaway climate change or another cataclysm renders Earth uninhabitable. He said earlier this year that the vehicle could begin flying to the Red Planet in the 2020s.

    The Starship could also be used for lunar missions. In September 2018, SpaceX announced that it would take Yusaku Maezawa around the moon and back, enabling the Japanese billionaire to become the first private passenger to make the trip. That flight is planned for 2023.

    WANT MORE STORIES ABOUT SPACE?

    https://www.nbcnews.com/mach }

    30-03-2019 om 23:01 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.NASA’s First Mars Rover Actually Explored An Ancient Sea

    NASA’s First Mars Rover Actually Explored An Ancient Sea

    By Alison Klesman 


    The Pathfinder mission landed in Mars’ Ares Vallis, where the Sojourner rover catalogued rocks that may have been eroded by floodwaters. 7

    (Credit: NASA/JPL)

    Mars may be a dry, cold planet today, but it was once a warmer, wetter one. NASA’s Opportunity rover was the first rover to find solid evidence of water on Mars — but years before Opportunity’s discoveries, NASA’s first Martian rover mission spent its time exploring an ancient spillway that once connected Mars’ northern ocean to an inland sea.

    Mars Pathfinder landed 22 years ago, on July 4, 1997. The mission’s 23-pound (10.6 kilograms) rover, Sojourner, was the first rover to explore the surface of Mars, wheeling through Ares Vallis for 83 days. The mission investigated whether massive channels in the landscape, spotted by Mariner 9, were caused by floodwaters, as indicated from orbit. But the rover’s findings were inconclusive, leaving open the possibility that the shallow channels had been carved by lava instead of water. But that possibility is no longer viable, according to a paper published February 25 in Nature Scientific Reports, which states that the features Sojourner mapped are, in fact, the result of cataclysmic flooding on the Red Planet.

    Formed by Martian Water

    “Our paper shows a basin, with roughly the surface area of California, that separates most of the gigantic Martian channels from the Pathfinder landing site. Debris or lava flows would have filled the basin before reaching the Pathfinder landing site. The very existence of the basin requires cataclysmic floods as the channels’ primary formational mechanism,” said lead author Alexis Rodriguez of the Planetary Science Institute (PSI) in a press release.

    The basin, according to Rodriguez, contains sedimentary rock consistent with deposits that would have been left by groundwater flooding, which formed an inland sea. “This sea is approximately 155 miles (250 kilometers) upstream from the Pathfinder landing site, an observation that reframes its paleo-geographic setting as part of a marine spillway, which formed a land barrier separating the inland sea and a northern ocean,” she said. “Our simulation shows that the presence of the sea would have attenuated cataclysmic floods, leading to shallow spillovers that reached the Pathfinder landing site and produced the bedforms detected by the spacecraft.”

    According to the researchers, the ancient inland sea resembles the disappearing Aral Sea on Earth. “Our numerical simulations indicate that the [Martian] sea rapidly became ice-covered and disappeared within a few thousand years due to its rapid evaporation and sublimation. During this time, however, it remained liquid below its ice cover,” said co-author Bryan Travis, also of PSI.

    Though its presence was brief, Rodriguez said the sea could have hosted life — and the deposits it left at the Pathfinder landing site could contain evidence of that life. That evidence could even be within reach, she added, as its location is “easily accessible by future missions.”


    Are you ready to take a closer look at Mars? Check out our free downloadable eBook: Mars: Exploring the Red Planet.

    30-03-2019 om 22:51 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Did Curiosity snap an image of a mysterious “creature” on Mars?

    Did Curiosity snap an image of a mysterious “creature” on Mars?

    Ultimate evidence of life on Mars: Did NASA’s Curiosity rover snap an image of a mysterious “creature” on the surface of Mars?

    NASA’s Curiosity rover has snapped another incredible image of Mars that has led to a lot of debate whether there is life or not on the red planet. Many people believe that even though the surface conditions of Mars are far too harsh to sustain life, there is life beneath the Martian surface, and this new image of NASA’s curiosity rover has awakened the debate among researchers, ufologists, and media whether Mars is home to alien life.

    For all of you who remain skeptical head over to NASA’s archives and see the RAW image file, to do so, click here.

    The “peculiar” image seems to show “something” hanging onto the cliffs on the red planet, at least that’s how it looks, doesn’t it? Can’t see the object in question? Look carefully to the center-right part of the image, there, you will notice a strange object that clearly stands out from the rest of the surrounding landscape. There are rocks on Mars, there are rocks that might look a bit strange, and then you have objects like the one in this image. Something that is completely out of place and doesn’t seem to be a rock.

    The object in question seems to have ten weirdly shaped “lines” or “tentacles” coming from the center of the oval-shaped “structure?”

    If it is a rock, then it surely is the strangest rock ever seen on the red planet, wouldn’t you agree?

    But, what is this thing? Is it just another rock? Or is it possible that this image is the ultimate proof of life on Mars, and that this isn’t just another rock, like many claim it to be? A Very strange-looking rock that doesn’t seem to fit anywhere in the surrounding landscape of the red planet.

    You cannot deny seeing a curiously shaped object in the image, an object that doesn’t look like a rock and doesn’t seem to belong to the cliff, where the object is seen.

    Interestingly, people who have seen the image believe that this mysterious objects is in fact guarding some sort of entrance to an underground tunnel on Mars. Too much science fiction? Well could be, but if you see the image closely, you will see that behind this mysterious “tentacle object,” there seems to be some sort of entrance, of course this could be just another shadow behind it, but you cannot help and wonder what the heck this object actually is?

    Rock or not, this image has certainly awakened the interest in a lot of people for Mars, and everything that is going on at the surface of neighbour planet.

    What if, there actually is life on Mars, life that somehow, managed to survive the harsh conditions on the red planet, and found a safe harbor beneath the Red Planet’s surface.


    Let us know what you think this mysterious object might be!

    http://sciencevibe.com/ }

    30-03-2019 om 22:25 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Ruins, strange artifacts on other planets, moons, ed ( Fr, EN, NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.UFO sighting: Witness recounts 'fast moving UFO' over Glasgow - 'I felt threatened'

    UFO sighting: Witness recounts 'fast moving UFO' over Glasgow - 'I felt threatened'

    A BRITISH UFO eye witness felt “threatened” by the presence of an alien spaceship emitting lights over Glasgow, according to a shock UFO report.

    The  claim was made by the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) following a submitted witness report. A Scottish UFO witness claims to have seen an unidentified flying object of possible extraterrestrial origin last year. The MUFON report, dubbed Case 89841, states the witness saw the UFO on January 24, 2018, while indoors and playing the Xbox. The supposed spacecraft appeared around 8.04pm local time in the form of a “fast-moving” object emitting lights.

    The eyewitness, who felt uneasy and disturbed by the spacecraft, at first mistook the UFO for some form of a military plane.

    The report reads: “When I saw the UFO move, I felt threatened, however, I also had another strange feeling.

    “I felt that whatever was in the craft had seen me, or something else and was also scared, trying to make a swift escape.

    “This could explain the various quick movements it was seen making.

    UFO sighting: UFO over Glasgow, Scotland

    UFO sighting: A witness claims to have seen a UFO over Glasgow, Scotland 
    (Image: GOOGLE/GETTY)

    “After seeing the craft, I felt weird, like it hadn’t really happened.”

    The MUFON report also states the witness felt some sort of connection with the unidentified spacecraft and it felt “like it was not evil”.

    The spacecraft itself was described as small, round and with a blue-greyish tint to it.

    The UFO had three beams running across it and to the front, which was circular.

    The lights on the UFO appeared to twist and turn before they got brighter “as if to focus on something”.

    When I saw the UFO move, I felt threatened

    UFO eyewitness, Case 89841

    According to the witness, the UFO created a thick, white screen of light from which the three lights merged at the front.

    The UFO then shot off in a northeast direction before changing course back and forth.

    The report reads: “I lost visual contact when it managed to do five or six quick movements, seemingly defying what direction it had intended to go in, before hovering and vanishing.”

    UFO sighting: Alien spaceship in the skies

    UFO sighting: The supposed UFO was circular, fast and had lights 
    (Image: GETTY)

    UFO sighting: Streets of Glasgow

    UFO sighting: The supposed UFO encounter took place in Glasgow 
    (Image: GOOGLE)

    According to MUFON, which investigates UFO reports around the globe, the sighting is a “closed case”.

    MUFON field investigator Robert Young classified the witness report as an “Unknown-Other”

    The UFO group claims to employ the scientific method to sift through thousands of user-submitted UFO stories.

    Only about two to three percent of all reports remain “truly unexplained”.

    30-03-2019 om 22:11 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Remote Viewing Revelations From the US Military to the MoD

    Remote Viewing Revelations From the US Military to the MoD

    Surprising new evidence reveals that the British Government showed an active interest in using psychics for espionage purposes. In a document obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by UFO author and investigator Timothy Good, it was discovered that the British Ministry of Defence (MoD) undertook a study between 2001 and 2002 to investigate the efficiency of remote viewing.

    For those who don’t know, remote viewing – also called ‘travelling clairvoyance’ – is the ability to perceive places, persons and actions using psychic means. As is now well known, the US Army and various other tax payer supported government agencies, including the CIA, investigated and utilised remote viewing during the 1970s and 1980s.

    Now that it’s been declassified, all of the documentation pertaining to the British MoD’s remote viewing study can be obtained from their website – or so they claim. In one section it states that the results they obtained were largely unsuccessful and “undoubtedly disappointing with no one achieving any useful performance as an RV subject.” However, given the fact that untrained novices were used in the study, as well as the fact that the remote viewing methods they employed left much to be desired, this is not surprising.

    The MoD initially attempted to recruit 12 ‘known’ psychics who had advertised their abilities on the Internet. When every single one of them refused to be a part of the program, however, novice volunteers were drafted instead. One of the tests conducted involved blind-folding participants, and asking them to psychically determine the contents of sealed brown envelopes. Around 28% of the participants were successful in this endeavour. Most of them, the report states, were hopelessly off the mark.

    According to a spokeswoman for the MoD, their £18,000 remote viewing study “was conducted to assess claims made in some academic circles and to validate research carried out by other nations on psychic ability.” She adds: “The study concluded that remote viewing theories had little value to the MoD and was taken no further.”

    UFO investigator and author Nick Pope, who worked for the MoD for 21 years, suggests there may have been an undisclosed purpose to the study. Given its timing, he says, the study may have concerned military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. “It can only be speculated,” he says, “but you don’t employ that kind of time and effort to find money down the back of the sofa. You go to this trouble for high value assets. We must be talking about Bin Laden and weapons of mass destruction.”

    In response to media criticism for “wasting taxpayer’s money” on a project seen as being ludicrous, MoD defended their actions, perhaps indicating they take the subject of parapsychology – a so called “pseudoscience” – far more seriously than they would have the public believe.

    “I don’t think this was a waste of public money,” says Pope. “Many people will say so, but I think it is marvellous that the government is prepared to think outside the box. And this is as outside the box as it gets.”

    Parapsychology – the scientific study of psychic phenomena – has been around since at least the 1800s. However, it wasn’t until the 1930s, when J.B. Rhine began conducting ESP experiments under controlled laboratory conditions at Duke University, that parapsychology became a legitimate scientific field. Since that time, knowledge in this area has rapidly advanced, and, thanks to improvements in experimental design, the presence of psi (psychic or paranormal phenomena) – which is generally weak and inconsistent – can now be detected far more easily. Also of aid to this process is the use of meta-analysis, a new statistical tool, whereby the results of many different studies can be successfully combined to render the aggregate result statistically significant.

    In his fascinating book Entangled Minds, parapsychologist Dean Radin – a man with impressive credentials, who once served as a scientist at Stanford Research Institute (SRI) where he worked on a highly-classified program investigating psi phenomena for the US government – says we should no longer be trying to determine if psi exists, but how psi works. “After a century of increasingly sophisticated investigations and more than a thousand controlled studies with combined odds against chance of 10104 to 1, there is now strong evidence that some psi phenomena exist,” he explains.

    In light of the fact that parapsychology is now a sophisticated and legitimate branch of science, and has been for many years, one can’t help but wonder why the MoD’s rather expensive remote viewing study was of such poor standard. It simply defies logic. Why, in other words, didn’t their study draw more heavily from the impressive body of knowledge accumulated over years and years of parapsychological research? And why didn’t their methodology follow the well-known and highly successful controlled remote viewing (CRV) protocols developed by Ingo Swann and utilised in STAR GATE and other programs? And how come, when they couldn’t recruit the twelve ‘known’ psychics for the study, they settled for novice volunteers?

    By tracing the history of modern remote viewing, we can begin to answer these questions.

    Ingo Swann

    One of the most important figures responsible for today’s understanding of remote viewing is Ingo Swann, a scholar, artist, scientist and natural psychic. After acquiring a pet chinchilla, which, he discovered, “could read and apprehend” his thoughts, Swann developed an interest in psychic phenomena. When he began to move into the circles of those studying such phenomena, he soon became acquainted with Cleve Backster. Backster, a New York polygraph operator, is famous for his experiments in “primary perception,” in which he demonstrated, with the use of polygraph equipment, that every single type of living tissue, even the bacilli in yoghurt, possesses some degree of sentience. Swann worked in Backster’s laboratory for a year.

    Soon after that, Swann participated in a series of psychic experiments for the American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR). According to Time-Life, a typical experiment would take place as follows: “Swann would sit in an easy chair illuminated by a soft overhead light, virtually immobilised by wires that hooked him up to a polygraph machine, which monitored his brain waves, respiration and blood pressure. Puffing away on his cigar, he would, as he put it, ‘liberate his mind’; then he would be asked to describe or draw his impression of objects that were set out of sight in a box on a platform suspended from the ceiling.”

    “At first,” says Swann, “I was not very good at this kind of ‘perceiving’, but as the months went on, I got even better at it.” The term “remote viewing,” coined by Swann and a research assistant at the ASPR named Janet Mitchell, was used to describe a particular kind of experiment conducted by Swann at around this time. Whilst in an out-of-body state, Swann would attempt to “see,” then report on the weather conditions in distant cities.

    Swann became more heavily involved in parapsychological research, when, in 1972, he agreed to work at SRI for Harold Puthoff, a highly successful physicist. Puthoff, after reading the seminal book Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain in which he heard about the work of Cleve Backster, was eager to conduct some parapsychological experiments of his own. The research project conducted by Puthoff – then later by him and another physicist named Russell Targ – was initially funded by the Sciences Research Foundation of San Antonia, Texas. Later on, when their successful remote viewing work at SRI began to gain wider attention, they started to receive funding from other government agencies, including the CIA.

    In one early remote viewing experiment at SRI, Swann was accurately able to describe – and sketch in great detail – the features of a uniquely designed magnetometer buried six feet in concrete beneath the floor. Not only that, he managed to affect the equipment’s output signal, as displayed on a strip chart recorder. Another subject, a photographer by the name of Hella Hammid, was able to accurately describe five out of nine target sites, resulting in odds against chance of more than 500,000 to 1.

    Thanks to the advent of coordinate remote viewing (CRV) – now called controlled remote viewing – numerous complications were eliminated. For example, it was no longer necessary for a person – known as the ‘beacon’ – to visit the spot that was chosen as the remote viewer’s target. This enabled remote viewing to be more easily used for espionage purposes.

    CRV is a method by which coordinates are employed to identify the target to be viewed. The coordinates used, however, needn’t be geographical in nature. They can be, and usually are, completely random numbers. Once a particular target has already been ‘visited’ by a remote viewer, and this target has been assigned a set of random coordinates, it is possible for another remote viewer to ‘visit’ the same location – which could be any point in time and space – simply by focusing on the same set of coordinates. The theory behind how this works is based on Jung’s notion of the collective unconscious. “Once these numbers have been assigned,” writes British author and paranormal expert Colin Wilson, “they become part of the psychic ether, much as the letters assigned to a website on the Internet will enable anybody to access the site.”

    During the Cold War, when the American government discovered they were lagging behind the Soviet Union in paranormal research, they grew concerned, thinking the Soviets might use their newly acquired knowledge for hostile purposes. Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain, published in 1970 by two Western authors named Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder documented that numerous scientists throughout the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe were starting to take parapsychological research – or ‘psychotronics’ – very seriously indeed.

    “But interest in psychic phenomena within the ruling circles of Cold War leaders on both sides of the Atlantic remained very much a hidden agenda,” writes Jim Marrs in Psi Spies. “Officially, the United States had no interest in nonexistent phenomena.” However, a 1972 CIA report, released years later, proves agency officials were concerned about Soviet psychic research, even though, at the time, organisations such as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) were beginning to give parapsychology a bad name, as was the media.

    As quoted by the editors of Time-Life, the aforementioned CIA report stated, “Soviet efforts in the field of psi research, sooner or later, might enable them to do some of the following: (a) Know the contents of top secret US documents, the movement of our troops and ships and the location and nature of our military installations. (b) Mold the thoughts of key US military and civilian leaders at a distant. (c) Cause the instant death of any US official at a distance. (d) Disable, at a distance, US military equipment of all types, including spacecraft.”

    The first remote viewing research program conducted by Puthoff and Targ with CIA funding was named project SCANATE. Held at SRI, the program went on for two years, yielding some remarkable results. The CIA, happy with the success of the program, felt their money was being well-spent. A CIA intelligence consultant named Joseph A. Ball, who, according to Mind Wars author Ronald McRae, was commissioned to evaluate SCANATE, allegedly said the project “produced manifestations of extrasensory perception sufficiently sharp and clear-cut to justify serious considerations of possible applications.”

    According to McRae, the AiResearch Manufacturing Company of Torrence, California, another consulting firm, was also contracted by the CIA to evaluate SCANATE, reaching essentially the same conclusion as Ball.

    As well as Swann, another notable member of the SCANATE team, and an equally successful remote viewer, was a former police commissioner named Patrick H. Price, who died suddenly of a heart attack in July of 1975. As a result of conducting a highly successful operational test for the CIA, in which his descriptions of a missile and guerrilla training site in Libya were confirmed by the CIA’s Libyan Desk officer, Swann helped ensure that government funding for project SCANATE would continue. Also of help to this process was the publication of SRI’s remote viewing research in a prestigious technical periodical, Proceedings of the IEEE, the editor of which was almost fired for choosing to deal with such controversial material.

    • If you appreciate this article, please consider a subscription to New Dawn magazine.
    Operation GRILL FLAME

    By the late 1970s, when the SRI team began receiving sponsorship from the US Army instead of the CIA, an operational unit of soldiers trained in remote viewing – known by many as the ‘psi spies’ – was created in order to help gather intelligence during the Cold War. One of the first units of remote viewers created by the US Army was called GRILL FLAME, previously named GONDOLA WISH. According to Joseph McMoneagle, one of the original psi spies, the Army interviewed around 3,000 people for GRILL FLAME, selecting, in the end, a total of six.

    Early on, the members of GRILL FLAME practised remote viewing using a variety of different experimental methods. Consciousness-altering techniques such as Transcendental Meditation (TM) and biorhythm were tested, but proved to be of little value. Remote viewing in an out-of-body state was also found to be largely unsuccessful, in that, although it could be achieved, the viewer would often lose interest in the mission at hand, focusing instead on the awe-inspiring nature of the experience. The team decided, in the end, to adhere to Swann’s structured CRV methodology, as this produced the most consistently accurate results.

    While in an out-of-body state, Robert Monroe, founder of the Monroe Institute for Applied Sciences – which, among other things, was used to screen remote viewers for GRILL FLAME and other programs – discovered he was being ‘observed’ by a group of strangers, one of whom appeared to be a powerful female psychic. He felt they were trying to probe his mind. Shaken by the experience, Monroe asked the GRILL FLAME team to investigate the matter. They soon discovered that the Soviet Union had a psi spies team of their own. “The Soviet KGB,” says Marrs, “laboriously screened more than a million people in an effort to locate ‘super naturals’, persons with the greatest amount of psychic power. These super psychics became the Soviet Union’s psi spies, sometimes assigned to seek out their Western counterparts.”

    For many years, the two teams indulged in a game of harmless psychic cat and mouse with each other, but that’s as far as the matter went. According to former military remote viewer Mel Riley, the two teams had a kind of “gentleman’s agreement” with each other, which involved keeping the existence of the opposing team a secret from their respective bosses, so as not to cause trouble for each other.

    In 1985 GRILL FLAME came under control of the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA). From that point onwards, the unit codename underwent several changes. GRILL FLAME became CENTER LANE, then SUN STREAK, and finally STAR GATE.

    According to many of the original psi spies, the unit went downhill once it was placed under civilian control during the late 1980s. At around this time, two female trainees named Angela and Robin showed up. Called “the witches” by the others, they practised channelling, tarot card reading and automatic writing in place of CRV, consequently obtaining poor results in their work. The entire unit became something of a joke, especially when congressmen began to visit for psychic “readings.” By 1990, all of the military-trained psi spies had left the unit, leaving “the witches” in charge. Some of them retired. Others joined different units within the US Army.

    During its full operational period, before things went awry, the psi spies unit provided information of critical intelligence in hundreds of very specific cases. “On scores of occasions,” writes Swann, “this information was also described within government documents as being unavailable from any other source(s).” He continues: “Also contrary to popular belief, the program operated throughout its history under the very watchful eyes of numerous oversight committees, which were both scientific and governmental. During the seventeen and a half years it ran, it provided support to nearly all of the United States intelligence agencies.”

    Early on, most of the operational missions conducted by the psi spies involved investigating targets in the Soviet Union. Being highly classified and concerning issues of national security, the unit received little or no feedback about the success of these missions. One of the most talked about missions that the psi spies were asked to undertake was conducted by McMoneagle, who managed to correctly describe, in thorough detail, a new type of Soviet Submarine, which was then being constructed in a secret facility in Severodvinsk.

    Another mission noted for its stunning success was undertaken in May of 1978, in response to a plane crash that occurred in Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo). The plane, a Soviet Tupolev-22 bomber, was seen as being invaluable to the Americans, who wanted to recover the wreckage in order to examine its communication equipment. Two remote viewers working independently of one another, Frances Bryan and Gary Langford, each managed to draw detailed sketches of the area where the plane crash occurred. The plane was eventually located within barely 5 kilometres of the spot they had both described.

    The story of military remote viewing hit the mainstream press in late 1995, but not before the CIA had arranged for the American Institute of Research (AIR) to conduct a biased review concerning the value and success of STAR GATE. Their aim was to discredit remote viewing and other psi abilities, in order to thwart public interest in the subject. Jessica Utts, a professor of statistics with a positive opinion on psi phenomena, and Dr. Raymond Hyman, a professor of psychology and luminary of CSICOP – in other words, a fanatical sceptic of anything remotely ‘paranormal’ – were chosen to lead the review. “It was a good strategy to select evaluators from opposite camps; it gave the appearance of balance to the evaluation – an appearance that is deceiving,” writes W. Adam Mandelbaum in his book The Psychic Battlefield.

    The report evaluated only three remote viewing projects, which were carried out within one year towards the end of STAR GATE, a period of decline for the program. The other 16 or so years that it ran (though under numerous different codenames) were totally disregarded. Moreover, according to Dr. Edwin May, former director of remote viewing research, the AIR panel was denied access to an estimated 80,000 pages of program documents, due to their highly-classified nature. And, to make matters worse, the panel interviewed only three remote viewers involved in the program, all of whom were of “the witches” variety, in that they commonly relied upon tarot card reading, automatic writing and other unconventional methods to obtain their information. Ergo, only the very weakest data was used in the AIR evaluation.

    The AIR report states, “The evidence accrued from research, interviews and user-assessments all indicate that the remote viewing phenomenon has no real value for intelligence operations at present.” It also mentions, however, that a “statistically significant effect” had been observed in laboratory remote viewing experiments. Despite these findings, the report goes on to mention that, “no compelling explanation has been provided for the observed effects… to say a phenomenon has been demonstrated we must know the reason for its existence.”

    One can’t help but wonder if the real purpose of the British MoD’s remote viewing study was to further discredit the phenomenon. It was, after all, something of a joke – especially in comparison to the remote viewing program undertaken by the US government. Or, perhaps, as Nick Pope suggests, its real purpose has not been disclosed to the public.

    In his book Psi Spies, Marrs claims that several separate unofficial sources have informed him the US government’s remote viewing program never truly ended. It only ended in the eyes of the public – just as the CIA intended. According to these sources, says Marrs, “the remote viewing methodology was simply moved to even more secret government agencies where its use continues today.”

    https://www.newdawnmagazine.com/ }

    30-03-2019 om 21:46 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Wetenschappers gaan op Antarctica boren naar ijs van 1,5 miljoen jaar oud - HLN.be

    Wetenschappers gaan op Antarctica boren naar ijs van 1,5 miljoen jaar oud - HLN.be

    Bron: Nature, The Guardian

     Getty Images
     Een groep Europese wetenschappers trekt volgend jaar naar Antarctica om er te boren naar het oudste ijs ter wereld. Het moet ons meer leren over hoe ons klimaat de afgelopen 1,5 miljoen jaar veranderde en het kan ons helpen om prognoses te maken voor de toekomst.

    Op 9 april zal de precieze locatie van de boring bekend worden gemaakt. Een team van prominente ijs- en klimaatwetenschappers uit 10 Europese landen hebben twee jaar lang naar de ideale plek gezocht. Het enige wat we voorlopig weten is dat het in het oosten van Antarctica zal zijn, in een gebied dat Little Dome C heet en op 3.200 meter boven zeeniveau ligt. Daar zal tot onderaan een 2.750 meter dikke ijsplaat worden gedrild. De werken zullen in juni 2020 van start gaan.

    Beyond Epica heet het project en het wordt gesponsord door de Europese Commissie. Die zou maar liefst 11 miljoen euro in het project pompen.

    Temperatuur

    15 jaar geleden slaagden wetenschappers van Epica er al in om ijs te vinden van 800.000 jaar oud. Dat toonde een heel nauwe relatie tussen het niveau van CO2 en de temperatuur op aarde. “We kwamen toen ook te weten dat de concentraties van broeikasgassen die we vandaag kennen, veel hoger liggen dan ze de afgelopen 800.000 jaar ooit geweest zijn”, aldus professor kwarternaire wetenschappen Raimund Muscheler van de universiteit van Lund in Zweden in de Britse krant The Guardian.

    Muscheler houdt zich bezig met de studie van het Kwartair, de jongste en tegelijk kortste periode in de aardgeschiedenis, die de jongste 2,6 miljoen jaar overspant. (lees hieronder verder)

     Getty Images

    Hoe het komt dat het ijs ons zo veel kan vertellen? Wel, ijsplaten worden gevormd door sneeuwval die jarenlang opbouwt. Elke keer het sneeuwt, wordt er een extra laagje gevormd. Die laagjes worden vervolgens samengeperst tot ijs door nieuwe lagen die erop vallen. In die sneeuw zitten echter ook luchtbellen, gassen en stofdeeltjes en die kunnen een beeld geven van de temperatuur, de atmosfeer en het klimaat op een bepaald moment in onze geschiedenis.

    Grote verandering

    “Ruwweg een miljoen jaar geleden deed er zich een grote verandering in het klimaatsysteem van de Aarde voor”, aldus glacioloog Poul Christoffersen van de universiteit van Cambridge. “Die wordt de Mid-Pleistocene Transitie genoemd. Ervoor kwamen ijstijden om de 40.000 jaar voor, erna om de 100.000 jaar. Als we voor het eerst ijs zouden kunnen vinden dat meer dan een miljoen jaar oud is, kan ons dat iets leren over hoe het klimaat vroeger werkte en wat die Transitie veroorzaakt kan hebben. Het zou te maken kunnen hebben met broeikasgassen zoals CO2, maar dat weten we niet. Als dat zo is, betekent het dat die stoffen het klimaat op Aarde echt heel dramatisch kunnen veranderen.”

    https://www.hln.be/ }

    30-03-2019 om 17:38 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:HLN.be - Het Laatste Nieuws ( NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Rivieren op Mars recenter dan gedacht en dubbel zo breed als die op aarde - HLN. be

    Rivieren op Mars recenter dan gedacht en dubbel zo breed als die op aarde - HLN. be

    Bron: Science Advances

    Een meanderende bedding van een oude rivier op Mars. De foto werd ingekleurd om hoogteverschillen aan te duiden: blauw is laag, geel is hoog.

     NASA 
    Een meanderende bedding van een oude rivier op Mars. De foto werd ingekleurd om hoogteverschillen aan te duiden: blauw is laag, geel is hoog.
     Mars is vandaag koud en droog, met een ijle atmosfeer. Maar ooit - en minder lang geleden dan gedacht - stroomden er grote, woeste rivieren op de rode planeet. Ze waren dubbel zo breed als de rivieren op aarde, ontdekten wetenschappers van de universiteit van Chicago.

    De conclusies maken het niet makkelijker voor onderzoekers die Mars’ drastische transitie van de natte naar de droge periode bestuderen. Die zou tot later in de geschiedenis van de planeet hebben geduurd dan tot nu toe gedacht. Met andere woorden: er was tot minder lang geleden dan gedacht water op Mars, tot het allerlaatste moment van de natte periode. Tussen 3,6 en 1 miljard jaar geleden stroomde dagelijks 3 tot 20 kg water per vierkante meter door de rivierbeddingen over de hele planeet verspreid. De nieuwe studie schat het nu op 1 miljard jaar geleden en zelfs nog later. Of: minstens 1 miljard jaar recenter dan vorige berekeningen.

    Edwin Kite en zijn team onderzochten meer dan 200 oude, al lang opgedroogde rivierbeddingen op Mars aan de hand van foto’s gemaakt met NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), die rond de planeet cirkelt. De diepe geulen op de foto’s bevatten informatie over het water dat er ooit doorstroomde en over de klimatologische omstandigheden waarin dat gebeurde. De grootte van de beddingen wijst op een continue eerder dan op een tijdelijke waterstroom enkel ’s middags. 

     AP

    De gemiddelde dagtemperaturen lagen dus boven het vriespunt, wat dan weer een sterk broeikaseffect suggereert. “Maar dat wordt niet gestaafd door de bestaande modellen van Mars’ klimaatveranderingen”, zegt de studie. De atmosfeer van Mars was vroeger zo dik dat er maar een derde van zonnestralen die wij nu op de aarde ontvangen doorkwam. Onvoldoende voor vloeibaar water.

    Als de vooropgestelde periodes van stromende rivieren op Mars kloppen, dan zou dat kunnen betekenen dat de atmosfeer van de rode planeet sneller verdween dan eerder werd gedacht. Uit vorige studies bleek dat de verdunning 4 miljard jaar geleden zou zijn ingezet en zo zou hebben geleid tot het geleidelijk uitdrogen van de rivieren. De nieuwe studie plaatst dat uitdunnen van de Martiaanse atmosfeer nu miljarden jaren later.

    Kite schuift nog een andere optie naar voren: mogelijk versprong het klimaat op Mars herhaaldelijk als een op/aan-knop van droge naar natte periodes.

    https://www.hln.be/ }

    30-03-2019 om 17:30 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:HLN.be - Het Laatste Nieuws ( NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Vlaamse geoloog levert bewijs voor vloedgolf na meteorieteninslag 66 miljoen jaar geleden - HLN.be

    Vlaamse geoloog levert bewijs voor vloedgolf na meteorieteninslag 66 miljoen jaar geleden - HLN.be

    Bron: Belga

     Getty Images/Science Photo Libra
     Voor het eerst is fysiek bewijs geleverd dat een verwoestende vloedgolf op de meteorieteninslag op het Mexicaanse schiereiland Yucatan 66 miljoen jaar geleden volgde. Het leven op aarde kwam grotendeels door deze ramp aan het einde. Het bewijs werd na een onderzoek in een gesteentelaag in Noord-Dakota (VS) gevonden. Dat meldt geoloog Johan Vellekoop (KU Leuven/VUB), die als postdoctoraal onderzoeker meewerkt aan de studie.

    De inslag van de 10 kilometer brede meteoriet veroorzaakte verschillende zware aardbevingen. Tot hiertoe waren er weinig fysieke bewijzen dat die meteorieteninslag vloedgolven teweeggebracht zou hebben. Uit de studie blijkt dat de gesteentelaag in Noord-Dakota gevormd werd door een vloedgolf die binnen enkele uren na de meteorieteninslag het land in de omgeving overspoelde. De gesteentelaag lag zo’n 3.000 kilometer ten noorden van de krater.

    In de gesteentelaag werden honderden fossielen gevonden van vissen en dinosauriërs, tot bomen en haaientanden. “In de kieuwen van de vissen bevonden zich tektieten, fragmenten aards gesteente die door de inslag van de meteoriet gesmolten zijn en in de ruimte werd gekatapulteerd. Tijdens hun val naar de aarde stollen ze weer. Ook in de hars van fossiele bomen vonden we zulke tektieten terug. Deze vondsten bewijzen dat de dier- en plantensoorten gesneuveld zijn als rechtstreeks gevolg van de meteorieteninslag”, aldus Vellekoop.

    De resultaten van de studie zullen op 1 april in het vakblad PNAS gepubliceerd worden.

    https://www.hln.be/ }

    30-03-2019 om 17:25 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:HLN.be - Het Laatste Nieuws ( NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Helikoptervlucht over de rode planeet? Volgens NASA is het mogelijk - HLN.be

    Helikoptervlucht over de rode planeet? Volgens NASA is het mogelijk - HLN.be

    Bron: AD.nl

     NASA
     NASA-ingenieurs zijn erin geslaagd om een helikopter te laten vliegen in omstandigheden die vergelijkbaar zijn met de condities op Mars. De Amerikaanse ruimtevaartorganisatie wil de kleine helikopter volgend jaar met de Mars 2020 Rover-missie naar de rode planeet sturen.

    De dichtheid van de atmosfeer op Mars is ongeveer 1 procent van die op aarde. Om de 1,8 kilo zware helikopter te testen, zouden de onderzoekers het toestel op een hoogte van 30.480 meter moeten laten vliegen, wat verre van praktisch is. NASA koos er daarom voor om de omstandigheden op Mars na te bootsen in de JPL Space Simulator in Pasadena, Californië. In deze simulator vonden op verschillende dagen twee succesvolle testvluchten plaats, zo laat NASA weten op zijn website.

    De atmosfeer van Mars heeft niet alleen een andere dichtheid dan die op aarde, ook de temperatuur is er veel lager; tot -90 graden Celsius. Om de omstandigheden op Mars na te bootsen, werd de JPL Space Simulator, een cilinder met een diagonaal van 7,62 meter, eerst vacuüm gezogen. De stikstof en de zuurstof werden vervolgens vervangen door koolstofdioxide, het belangrijkste bestanddeel van de atmosfeer van Mars.

     NASA

    Testcase

    Als alles volgens plan verloopt, wordt de Mars-helikopter in juli 2020 gelanceerd, samen met de Mars 2020 Rover. De landing op Mars, waarbij de helikopter onder de ‘buik’ van de rover hangt, is gepland voor februari 2021. De eerste testvlucht op de rode planeet, waarbij de heli tot anderhalve minuut in de lucht blijft, volgt enkele maanden later.

    Na de landing op Mars dient de helikopter vooral als testcase voor toekomstige ’unmanned aerial vehicles’of uav’s. De Rover 2020 gaat de gesteenten op de planeet bestuderen, onder meer door via boringen monsters te verzamelen.

    Bekijk ook:

    https://www.hln.be/ }

    30-03-2019 om 17:20 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:HLN.be - Het Laatste Nieuws ( NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Water found under surface of MARS could be critical resource for human settlers

    Water found under surface of MARS could be critical resource for human settlers

    Scientists found high pressure deep below the surface forced the water through fractures within some of Mars' craters

    By 

    Mars

    Water could be flowing deep underground around the equator of Mars providing ideal locations for future bases, a new study found.

    The springs bubble up from groundwater 750 metres deep through cracks in craters pockmarking the Red Planet's surface.

    Scientists found high pressure deep below the surface forced the water through fractures within some of Mars' craters.

    These springs leaked onto the surface, generating the sharp and distinct linear features found on the walls of these craters.

    And these water features fluctuate with the seasons on the Red Planet.

    In 2018 researchers supported by the Italian Space Agency detected the presence of a deep-water lake on Mars under its south polar ice caps.

    What living conditions on Mars might be like 

    Now the new study by the University of Southern California in Los Angeles suggested groundwater likely exists in a broader geographical area than just the poles of Mars and that there is an active system.

    The findings were based on the studying the characteristics of Mars Recurrent Slope Linea, which are akin to dried, short streams of water that appears on some crater walls on Mars.

    Scientists previously thought these features were affiliated with surface water flow or close subsurface water flow.

    Dr Essam Heggy, who is a member of the Mars Express Sounding radar experiment MARSIS probing Mars subsurface, said: "We suggest that this may not be true.

    "We propose an alternative hypothesis that they originate from a deep pressurised groundwater source which comes to surface moving upward along ground cracks."

    First author Dr Abotalib Abotalib added: "The experience we gained from our research in desert hydrology was the cornerstone in reaching this conclusion.

    "We have seen the same mechanisms in the North African Sahara and in the Arabian Peninsula, and it helped us explore the same mechanism on Mars."

    Planet Mars 

    Previous research to explore groundwater on Mars relied on interpreting the returned electromagnetic echoes sent from the radar-probing experiments from orbit onboard Mars Express and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

    These experiments measured the reflection of the waves from both the surface and the subsurface whenever penetration was possible.

    However, this earlier method did not yet provide evidence of groundwater occurrence beyond the 2018 South Pole detection.

    The researchers used hi-resolution optical images and modelling to study the walls of large impact craters on Mars.

    The goal was to correlate the presence of fractures with the sources of streams that generate short water flows.

    The pair, who have long studied subsurface aquifers and groundwater flow movement on Earth and in desert environments, found similarities between the groundwater moving mechanisms in the Sahara and on Mars.

    Dr Heggy said: "Groundwater is strong evidence for the past similarity between Mars and Earth - it suggest they have a similar evolution, to some extent.".

    He added this deep source of groundwater was the most convincing evidence of similarities between the two planets.

    It suggested both may have had wet periods long enough to create such an active groundwater system.

    Dr Heggy said: "Understanding how groundwater has formed on Mars, where it is today and how it is moving helps us constrain ambiguities on the evolution of climatic conditions on Mars for the last three billion years and how these conditions formed this groundwater system.

    "It helps us to understand the similarities to our own planet and if we are going through the same climate evolution and the same path that Mars is going.

    "Understanding Mars' evolution is crucial for understanding our own Earth's long-term evolution and groundwater is a key element in this process. "

    The new study suggests that the groundwater that is the source of these water flows could be at depths starting at 750 meters deep.

    He concluded: "Such depth requires us to consider more deep-probing techniques to look for the source of this groundwater versus looking for shallow sources of water."

    • The study was published in Nature Geoscience.

    https://www.mirror.co.uk/ }

    30-03-2019 om 16:53 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Mysterious streaks in a Martian impact crater suggest the red planet still has an ACTIVE groundwater system hundreds of meters beneath the surface

    Mysterious streaks in a Martian impact crater suggest the red planet still has an ACTIVE groundwater system hundreds of meters beneath the surface

    • Researchers studied features on Mars’ Recurrent Slope Linea, which appear to have been created by streams
    • Suggests active groundwater likely exists far beyond the Martian poles, in some cases as deep as 750 meters
    • The researchers say groundwater system may be the best sign yet that Mars had long wet period in its past

    An active groundwater system may still be thriving on Mars hundreds of meters beneath the surface, according to new research.

    Though recent studies have detected the presence of deep lakes near Mars’ south pole, features linked to water in areas closer to the equator have largely been attributed to flows at or near the surface.

    But, a new investigation using data from Mars Express and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter now suggests groundwater is much more prevalent across the red planet than previously suspected.

    Scientists now say active groundwater likely exists far beyond the Martian poles, in some cases as deep as 750 meters, and gives rise to surface streams that leave snaking streaks along many crater walls.

    Scroll down for video 

    The team studied high resolution images to analyze ground fractures along the walls of large impact craters, such as Mars' Recurrent Slope Linea (pictured). And, they say these characteristics appear similar to features seen on Earth. Water sources as deep as 750 meters below the surface could be producing streams even outside of the poles

    The team studied high resolution images to analyze ground fractures along the walls of large impact craters, such as Mars' Recurrent Slope Linea (pictured). And, they say these characteristics appear similar to features seen on Earth. Water sources as deep as 750 meters below the surface could be producing streams even outside of the poles

    In the study, the team studied features observed on Mars’ Recurrent Slope Linea, which appear to have been created by short streams of water.

    While it’s been suggested that these were the result of surface water flows, the researchers say ‘this may not be true.’

    ‘We propose an alternative hypothesis that they originate from a deep pressurized groundwater source which comes to the surface moving upward along ground cracks,’ said Essam Heggy, a member of the Mars Express Sounding radar experiment MARSIS.

    The team studied high resolution images to analyze ground fractures along the walls of large impact craters.

    And, they say these characteristics appear similar to features seen on Earth.

    ‘The experience we gained from our research in desert hydrology was the cornerstone in reaching this conclusion,’ said lead author Abotalib Z. Abotalib.

    ‘We have seen the same mechanisms in the North African Sahara and in the Arabian Peninsula, and it helped us explore the same mechanism on Mars.’

    ‘Groundwater is strong evidence for the past similarity between Mars and Earth – it suggests they have a similar evolution, to some extent,’ Heggy said.

    According to the researchers, the newly hypothesized groundwater system may be the best sign yet that Mars had a long wet period in its past.

    Water sources as deep as 750 meters below the surface could be producing streams in equatorial areas.

    A separate study published earlier this year identified what's said to be the first evidence of such a groundwater system. The researchers say numerous features seen on the crater floors at depths of 4,000-4,500 meters are suggestive of water, with evidence of pools and flows that changed over time. Some of these features can be seen in the deep basin, above

    A separate study published earlier this year identified what's said to be the first evidence of such a groundwater system. The researchers say numerous features seen on the crater floors at depths of 4,000-4,500 meters are suggestive of water, with evidence of pools and flows that changed over time. Some of these features can be seen in the deep basin, above

    ‘Understanding how groundwater has formed on Mars, where it is today and how it is moving helps us constrain ambiguities on the evolution of climatic conditions on Mars for the last three billion years and how these conditions formed this groundwater system,’

    ‘It helps us to understand the similarities to our own planet and if we are going through the same climate evolution and the same path that Mars is going.

    ‘Understanding Mars’ evolution is crucial for understanding our own Earth’s long-term evolution and groundwater is a key element in this process.’

    ‘Such depth requires us to consider more deep-probing techniques to look for the source of this groundwater versus looking for shallow sources of water,’ Heggy says.

    WHAT SIGNS OF WATER HAVE RESEARCHERS FOUND?

    A new study on data from the Mars Express satellite has now revealed the extent of an ancient groundwater system on the red planet.

    Researchers found features that indicate the presence of past water at depths of 4,000-4,500m, including:


      • Channels etched into crater walls
      • Valleys carved out by groundwater
      • Curved deltas that may have formed as water levels rose and fell
      • Ridged terraces in crater walls from standing water
      • Fan-shaped deposits of sediment

    Researchers also found minerals linked to the emergence of life: clays, carbonates, and silicates.

    Scientists have detected the first geological evidence of an interconnected system of water reservoirs deep beneath the surface of Mars. This includes channels, valleys, curved deltas, ridged terraces, and fan-shaped deposits of sediments, as illustrated above

    Scientists have detected the first geological evidence of an interconnected system of water reservoirs deep beneath the surface of Mars. This includes channels, valleys, curved deltas, ridged terraces, and fan-shaped deposits of sediments, as illustrated above

    30-03-2019 om 16:35 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.‘ACTIVE SYSTEM’ OF FLOWING WATER MAY BE HIDDEN UNDERNEATH MARS SURFACE, SCIENTISTS SAY

    ‘ACTIVE SYSTEM’ OF FLOWING WATER MAY BE HIDDEN UNDERNEATH MARS SURFACE, SCIENTISTS SAY

    Discovery could shed light on the Earth, as well as the red planet

    Andrew Griffin

    There may be a vast and active system of water running underneath the surface of Mars, scientists have said.

    Groundwater on Mars may run much deeper than previously thought, with streams flowing invisibly under the surface, a new study has found.

    uncaptioned image

    Recurrent Slope Linae on the Palikir Crater walls on Mars. (Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona)

    NASA/JPL/UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA

    The discovery may help fundamentally change our understanding of the red planet, as well as informing our search for life.

    Last year, scientists working with the Italian Space Agency found the presence of a dee-water lake on Mars, under its south pole. The new study suggests that groundwater could still be flowing in active system, and that it could lead to streams flowing on the surface in parts of the planet near the equator.

    The researchers found the groundwater probably exists in areas much broader than the plus and that the system could run as deep as 750 meters.

    The researchers made the discovery after analysing the characteristics of the Mars Recurrent Slope Linea, which are like dried, short streams of water that appear on the walls of some of the planet's craters.

    Previously, researchers thought those features were the result of flowing water across the surface or just underneath it. But now the researchers believe they are actually coming up from a deep pressurised source from where water is pushed up.

    "We propose an alternative hypothesis that they originate from a deep pressurised groundwater source which comes to surface moving upward along ground cracks," said Essam Heggy, one of the co-authors on the new paper.

    Researchers came to the conclusion after seeing similar mechanisms at work on Earth.

    "The experience we gained from our research in desert hydrology was the cornerstone in reaching this conclusion. We have seen the same mechanisms in the North African Sahara and in the Arabian Peninsula, and it helped us explore the same mechanism on Mars," said Abotalib Z. Abotalib, the paper's first author.

    Some of Mars craters have fractures in, and the scientists say those allow water springs to rise up to its surface, pushed up by the pressure deep below. Those springs then leak out onto the surface, which leads to the clear features that can be seen in images of the walls of those creators.

    That would explain why the water features seem to fluctuate according to Mars' seasons, the researchers say as part of the new study published in Nature Geosciences.

    Scientists should consider those exposed parts where the water springs out as primary candidates when looking to explore Mars and understand how habitable it could be, the researchers say. Water of this kind is likely to key to the question of whether Mars could support life – either future human exploration, or basic life that could have lived there in the past or even survive now.

    New probing methods would allow scientists to explore those fractures and understand any potential water system that is lurking beneath the surface, the scientists write in the study.

    As well as shedding light on the possibility of living on the planet, the new findings are convincing evidence that Mars has important similarities to our own Earth.

    "Groundwater is strong evidence for the past similarity between Mars and Earth – it suggests they have a similar evolution, to some extent," said Heggy.

    That could help shed light on our own planet and its evolution, as much as the red planet itself.

    "Understanding how groundwater has formed on Mars, where it is today and how it is moving helps us constrain ambiguities on the evolution of climatic conditions on Mars for the last three billion years and how these conditions formed this groundwater system," said Heggy in a statement.

    "It helps us to understand the similarities to our own planet and if we are going through the same climate evolution and the same path that Mars is going. Understanding Mars' evolution is crucial for understanding our own Earth's long-term evolution and groundwater is a key element in this process."

    https://www.independent.co.uk/ }

    30-03-2019 om 16:19 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Gigantisch ‘actief watersysteem’ verborgen onder het oppervlak van Mars. Wetenschappers vinden nieuw bewijs
    Gigantisch 'actief watersysteem' verborgen onder het oppervlak van Mars. Wetenschappers vinden nieuw bewijs

    Gigantisch ‘actief watersysteem’ verborgen onder het oppervlak van Mars. Wetenschappers vinden nieuw bewijs

    Onder het oppervlak van de planeet Mars bevindt zich waarschijnlijk een enorm actief watersysteem, zo hebben wetenschappers gezegd.

    Het grondwater op Mars stroomt veel dieper dan gedacht, blijkt uit een nieuwe studie. De ontdekking kan onze kijk op de rode planeet drastisch veranderen.

    Vorig jaar ontdekten wetenschappers van de Italiaanse ruimtevaartorganisatie een groot meer op Mars, onder de zuidpool.

    750 meter

    De nieuwe studie suggereert dat grondwater nog altijd onderdeel uitmaakt van een actief systeem en zo rond de evenaar aan de oppervlakte komt.

    De onderzoekers hebben ontdekt dat er waarschijnlijk veel meer grondwater is dan gedacht en dat het systeem tot wel 750 meter diep is.

    De onderzoekers deden de ontdekking na het bestuderen van opgedroogde waterstromen langs kraterwanden op het Marsoppervlak.

    Soortgelijke mechanismen

    In eerste instantie dacht men dat die het gevolg waren van water dat over het oppervlak of vlak eronder stroomde.

    Nu denken onderzoekers dat het water afkomstig was uit het binnenste van de planeet en omhoog werd gestuwd.

    De wetenschappers zagen op aarde soortgelijke mechanismen.

    Scheuren

    “We hebben dezelfde mechanismen gezien in de Sahara en op het Arabisch Schiereiland, en dat heeft ons geholpen om hetzelfde mechanisme op Mars te onderzoeken,” zei hoofdonderzoeker Abotalib Z. Abotalib.

    Sommige kraters op Mars bevatten scheuren en de wetenschappers zeggen dat het water via deze openingen naar het oppervlak stroomt.

    De nieuwe studie is gepubliceerd in Nature Geosciences.                                                           

    [Independent

    Copyright (c) NineForNews.nl  

    30-03-2019 om 16:05 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:NineForNews. nl ( new ipv NIBURU.nl) (NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Declassified documents reveal SHOCKING government projects, including research on warp drives and high-energy laser weapons

    Declassified documents reveal SHOCKING government projects, including research on warp drives and high-energy laser weapons

    (Natural News)Your tax dollars, believe it or not, are (or at least were) being used by the federal government to research crazy sci-fi concepts like “warp drives,” wormhole travel, high-energy laser weapons, and invisibility cloakingnewly-declassified documents reveal.

    Thanks to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request, the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) was forced to make public the details of some 38 formerly top-secret government projects, which had been classified and sent to Congress last year.

    Steven Aftergood, director of the Federation of American Scientists’ Project on Government Secrecy, made the request to see what the DIA was up to, only to learn that all sorts of hair-brained projects were being conducted using tens of millions of dollars in taxpayer funding.

    “I think anyone who looks at these titles will scratch their heads and wonder what on earth the Defense Intelligence Agency was thinking,” Aftergood reportedly told Motherboard(VICE).

    Among these titles was a research endeavor entitled, “Traversable Wormholes, Stargates, and Negative Energy,” which was headed up by Eric Davis from the Austin, Texas-based EarthTech International Inc. This project was described as an effort aimed at “exploring the forefront reaches of science and engineering,” with a focus on the theories of spacetime, studies of the quantum vacuum, and the government’s search for extraterrestrial intelligence, aka UFOs and space aliens.

    Another project was entitled, “Invisibility Cloaking,” and was led by German scientists Dr. Ulf Leonhardt from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. This one focused on theoretical quantum optics, and the theoretical creation of “an invisible ‘hole’ in space, inside which objects can be hidden.”

    • Get more news like this without being censored: Get the Natural News app for your mobile devices. Enjoy uncensored news, lab test results, videos, podcasts and more. Bypass all the unfair censorship by Google, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. Get your daily news and videos directly from the source! Download here.

    Yet another, entitled, “Warp Drive, Dark Energy, and the Manipulation of Extra Dimensions,” focused on “researching technologies that will enable breakthroughs in interstellar travel.” Richard Obousy, the man behind the project, was reportedly credited by Gizmodo back in 2009 for developing “a scientifically accurate warship design” that could hypothetically use dark energy to propel itself through space.

    “The list of research papers tells us something more than previous reporting did about this odd program,” Aftergood added in an email to Motherboard. “Now we have a better idea of exactly what the Defense Intelligence Agency was up to, and what it produced.”

    For more news about space, be sure to check out Space.news.

    Harry Reid secretly funded these crazy UFO space projects with $22 million stolen from taxpayers

    As far as the American public was concerned, such projects didn’t exist. But now that the media has grabbed hold of them, thanks to Aftergood’s FOIA request, we now know a bit more about what was going on, and how much it was costing taxpayers.

    Then-Senate majority leader, Democrat and Big Pharma hack Harry Reid, it turns out, had secretly allotted $22 million in taxpayer funding – without taxpayers’ consent, it’s important to note – for the program, though it remains unclear how the individual projects within the program were selected.

    “These are the kinds of topics you pursue when you have more money than you know what to do with,” points out Aftergood about this gross abuse of the public coffers.

    Not surprising is the fact that most of this $22 million budget went to Reid’s buddy, a UFO hunter by the name of Robert Bigelow of the Nevada-based Bigelow Aerospace company. Bigelow, as you might recall, was the protagonist in the documentary Hunt for the Skinwalker, which told of the billionaire entrepreneur’s extraterrestrial Skinwalker Ranch.

    “I loved science fiction when I was younger,” Aftergood says. “Today, I love good government. So I was not especially amused,” he added, jokingly.

    Screenshots of the now-declassified documents containing a complete list of all of Harry Reid’s pet UFO and space projects are available at this link.

    Sources for this article include:

    https://www.naturalnews.com/ }

    30-03-2019 om 13:16 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:MYSTERIES ( Fr, Nl, E)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Deze vrijgegeven documenten onthullen schokkende overheidsprojecten, waaronder studies naar warp drives, UFO’s, dimensies en meer
    Deze vrijgegeven documenten onthullen schokkende overheidsprojecten, waaronder studies naar warp drives, UFO's, dimensies en meer

    Deze vrijgegeven documenten onthullen schokkende overheidsprojecten, waaronder studies naar warp drives, UFO’s, dimensies en meer

    Het Amerikaanse ministerie van Defensie stopt veel geld in onderzoek naar UFO’s, sterrenpoorten, het manipuleren van extra dimensies en warp drives, blijkt uit documenten die via Wob-verzoeken boven water zijn gehaald.

    Directeur Steven Aftergood van het Project on Government Secrecy heeft de hand weten te leggen op de stukken.

    Het ministerie investeerde in onderzoeksprojecten gericht op onzichtbaarheidsmantels, wormgaten in de ruimte en biomaterialen.

    Donkere energie

    Het is voor het eerst dat de onderzoeksprojecten rechtstreeks zijn gelinkt aan black operations die worden uitgevoerd door het Amerikaanse ministerie van Defensie.

    In 2008 bleek al dat de NASA zich bezighoudt met het onderzoek naar warp drives. In 2013 leverde een project van het Jet Propulsion Laboratory van de NASA rond een warpveld ‘onduidelijke’ resultaten op.

    Ook theoretisch astrofysicus en directeur van Icarus Interstellar Richard Obousy doet onderzoek naar interstellaire warp drives die worden aangedreven door donkere energie via andere universa, laten de stukken zien.

    Geheim onderzoek

    Hoewel we nog geen wormgaten hebben ontdekt, probeert EarthTech International er één te creëren waarmee we door de ruimte en tijd kunnen reizen, zo blijkt uit de vrijgegeven documenten.

    In 2017 bleek al dat het Pentagon jaarlijks 22 miljoen dollar had geïnvesteerd in een geheim onderzoek naar UFO’s.

    Dit programma zou in 2012 zijn stopgezet, maar is volgens ingewijden nooit beëindigd.

    [Natural News]
    © Copyright (c) NineForNews.nl

    30-03-2019 om 13:00 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:NineForNews. nl ( new ipv NIBURU.nl) (NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Russian Spy Plane Conducts Surveillance Flight Over Area 51

    Russian Spy Plane Conducts Surveillance Flight Over Area 51

    A high-tech surveillance aircraft was recently seen flying over Area 51, one of the world’s most mysterious and infamous military research sites. While aliens are the usual suspect whenever the words “aircraft” and “Area 51” are uttered, a much more frightening boogeyman is behind this latest flyover: the Russians

    “Did someone say boogeyman?”

    On March 28th, 2019, Russia flew several Tupolev Tu-154M aircraft over many of America’s most sensitive military installations in the deserts of Nevada and California. The Tu-154 was designed in the 1960s by the Soviet Union and is still used today for passenger flights, cosmonaut training, and can be fitted with state-of-the-art electronic or optical surveillance equipment. The Tu-154M, the variant used in these flights, is used exclusively for surveillance and imagery collection.

    Tu-154M

    A Russian Air Force Tu-154M

    According to radar data tracked by FlightRadar24 and reportedby The Drive, the Tu-154M left Travis AFB near San Francisco before flying over Edwards Air Force Base, Fort Irwin, and Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake before making a turn to survey the holy grail of military aerospace secrecy: the Nevada Test and Training Range near Area 51. The aircraft mostly stayed between 14,000 and 15,000 feet while it was conducting surveillance, plenty low enough for panoramic cameras to capture every detail of whatever was happening on the ground below. Good thing the really good stuff is in bunkers deep below the ground or inside Robert Bigelow’s hangars.

    While it’s unnerving to thing about Russian spy planes flying over America’s most sensitive research facilities, it turns out this flight was a completely routine part of the Open Skies Treaty, an agreement between the U.S., Russia, and 32 other nations which allows each state to conduct “short-notice, unarmed, reconnaissance flights over the others’ entire territories to collect data on military forces and activities.” These flights are conducted periodically in order to allow nations to keep tabs on each other’s activities – or at least let each other see what they want each other to see. Over the years since the Open Skies Treaty was ratified, Russia and the U.S. have both accused one another of breaking the terms of the treaty time and time again. American intelligence agencies recently conducted Open Skies flights over Russia in February 2019 just when it looked like the agreement would fall apart due to rising tensions between the two superpowers.

    Area 51

    Area 51

    If we allow Russia to fly over our most sensitive airspace and research installations, it makes you wonder what types of flights aren’t being sanctioned by treaties. How many anomalous aerial phenomena or sightings of unidentified flying vehicles over the years can be attributed to non-sanctioned surveillance flights? Could the recent “disclosures” of government UFO programs have anything to do with incursions into American airspace by advanced surveillance drones or other aircraft flown by rival superpowers or even non-state actors? While those questions remain unanswered, this incident shows above all else that there is much more spooky activity going on overhead than we know. Could the entire extraterrestrial angle be a psy-op to keep the public from freaking out about the Russians or anyone else flying aircraft or weapons over our heads?

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    30-03-2019 om 12:49 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Astronauts Spend 6 Days In Dark Cave And Emerge With A Newly Discovered Crustacean Species

    Astronauts Spend 6 Days In Dark Cave And Emerge With A Newly Discovered Crustacean Species

    A team of international astronauts spent six days in a pitch-black Sa Grutta cave system underneath Sardinia, Italy. When they emerged from the cave, they had a newly discovered species of a blind, colorless crustaceans with them.

    "[It's] like walking in an underground wonderland," said NASA astronaut Mike Fincke, describing his experience underground in the Sa Grutta caves in Sardinia, Italy.
    Credit: ESA–V. Crobu

    The cave-dwelling crustacean is the size of a fingernail (just 8 millimeters long) and is named Alpioniscus sideralis which is the Latin word for “stellar”. The astronauts found it running around in a pitch-black pool inside of the Italian cave.

    Cave in Sardinia

    The expedition was conducted in 2012 with astronaut trainees from the United States, Canada, Europe, Russia, China, and Japan. When they noticed the tiny crustaceans in the small pond, they lured them out of the water by using liver and rotten cheese as bait.

    The astronauts were training underground as part of the European Space Agency’s CAVES program. This training helps International Space Station candidates to perform research together while in dangerous subterranean environments.

    Paolo Marcia, who is a zoologist from the University of Sassari, explained the expedition in a statement, “I would like to think that when humans land on Mars and explore its caves, this experience will help them to look for other species, knowing that life has few limits and can develop in the most inhospitable places.”

    After studying the genetics of the Alpioniscus sideralis by using molecular analysis, it was confirmed that it doesn’t match up with the other species found around that region. The astronauts described their findings in a December 2018 study that was published in the journal ZooKeys which can be read here.

    Sardinia

    The Alpioniscus sideralis is a type of woodlice, which are very small crustaceans that left their watery habitat millions of years ago in order to colonize on land. However, with this new discovery, it appears as if the species went back to its original roots and is back living in the water – this time in a subterranean cave pool located in Sardinia.

    You can see a picture of the Alpioniscus sideralis by clicking here.

    This crustacean from the Alpioniscus species, just 8 millimeters long, was discovered in the Sa Grutta caves in Italy.

    Credit: ESA–M. Fincke

    It’s incredible to think that astronauts on a training exercise in a pitch-black cave ended up discovering a new species of crustaceans. Maybe they’ll find some unknown living creatures when they’re finally able to explore Mars.

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    30-03-2019 om 12:40 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Glowing UFO Over Venezuela Mountains Seen Landing In Area, Feb 2019, UFO Sighting News.

    Glowing UFO Over Venezuela Mountains Seen Landing In Area, Feb 2019, UFO Sighting News.


    Date of sighting: February 16, 2019
    Location of sighting: La Puerta, Venezuela
    Source:
    This type of UFO has been seen in South America several times. When close to the craft it will appear as a bright orange light, too bright to make out any detail, but if its high enough in the sky, it can easily be mistaken as the sun during a sunset. 

    This particular craft is flown by an alien species that is almost godlike. They came in hopes of preventing a horrible future for humanity and have constantly come back to abduct people and then teach them about how humanity has several possible endings looming very close in time. They hoped that they could change the future by teaching a few humans, but they were wrong. The humans they spoke to were too frightened and had no social power or important roles in which they could make those changes. 

    Scott C. Waring

    Eyewitness states: 

    Rodríguez pointed out that while they were not far from the place where the UFO apparently landed, he preferred not to approach it. "I was happy to have recorded it and kept going. I wasn't too sure about going back and looking at something that could have an uncertain outcome."


    30-03-2019 om 12:28 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:LATEST UFO-NEWS ( ENG)
    29-03-2019
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Linda Moulton Howe: Why Are Insects Dying Out in Huge Numbers?

    Linda Moulton Howe: Why Are Insects Dying Out in Huge Numbers?

    COAST TO COAST AM. Linda Moulton Howe said insects are in a crisis around the world, dying out in huge, shocking numbers. A new report in the October 15, 2018, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveals that even in a pristine national forest in Puerto Rico, there has been a devastating loss of insect life.

    She interviewed David Wagner, Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the Univ. of Connecticut, who cited how we are going through the sixth great extinction, and with climate change and increased droughts, we’ll see a major reduction in biodiversity.

    Why Are So Many Earth Insects Dying?

    • This Oct. 15th, 2018, PNAS report is one of the most disturbing articles I have ever read.” 

    –  David Wagner, Ph.D., Prof. of Ecology,  Univ. of Connecticut.

    • If all humankind were to disappear, the world would regenerate back to the rich state of equilibrium that existed 10,000 years ago. If insects were to vanish, the environment would collapse into chaos.”

    —  Edward O Wilson, Ph.D., Prof. of Biology, Harvard University

    Swallow Tail butterfly on an orange lantana flower. Image courtesy Pexels.com.

    Swallow Tail butterfly on an orange lantana flower. Image courtesy Pexels.com.

    December 30, 2018  Storrs, Connecticut – A recent news headline from the School of Biological Sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, says it all:  “Two Degrees Decimated Puerto Rico’s Insect Populations.”

    So, what is killing all those insects? Scientists think a lot of the damage is due to global warming. Here is one astonishing fact. The average temperature in northeastern Puerto Rico tropical forests since the 1970s has steadily climbed and is now 2 degrees Celsius warmer. That’s a climb of 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Those sound like small numbers, but the fragile balance of nature on our planet lives within narrow temperature ranges. Biologists from Rensselaer decided to study insects in a place on Earth not much bothered by humans. They chose the Luquillo forest of northeastern Puerto Rico to see what was happening to the populations of winged insects called arthropods. Think of butterflies, dragonflies, grasshoppers, moths, spiders and beetles.

    After a 2-year study, the findings were reported in the recent October 2018 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) by lead biologist Brad Lister. He says:  “The insect populations in the Luquillo forest of Puerto Rico are crashing — our results suggest that the effects of climate warming in tropical forests may be even greater than anticipated.” The crash is a nearly 60% decline in the number of arthropods in only the past four to five decades.

    Luquillo experimental forest in northeastern Puerto Rico's El Yunque National Forest.

    Luquillo experimental forest in northeastern Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest.

    Prof. Lister warns that this severe decline in the Puerto Rico insects will be like dominoes falling for lizards, frogs and birds, who normally eat flying and other insects. Those amphibians and birds no longer have the abundant insect food supply they once had and their numbers are declining as well. And it is not only Puerto Rico. It’s happening from North America to Central and South America. And across the globe in Germany, flying insects there have declined 76%!

    It’s as if the insects are now like the canary in the coal mine, sending us warnings that something is very wrong. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change (IPCC) has been warning of severe environmental threats to our entire planet if there is a 2- degrees Celsius elevation in average global temperature. Like some other tropical locations, the study area in the Luquillo forest, has already reached or exceeded a 2-degree Celsius average rise in temperature. And the study warns that the consequences are “potentially catastrophic.”

    Upon reading the October Academy of Sciences report, I contacted Professor David Wagner in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, Connecticut.

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    29-03-2019 om 23:47 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The “Replicator”: New 3D Printer Uses Rays of Light to Shape Objects, Transform Product Design

    The “Replicator”: New 3D Printer Uses Rays of Light to Shape Objects, Transform Product Design

    A new 3D printer uses light to transform gooey liquids into complex solid objects in only a matter of minutes.

    Nicknamed the “replicator” by the inventors — after the Star Trek device that can materialize any object on demand — the 3D printer can create objects that are smoother, more flexible and more complex than what is possible with traditional 3D printers. It can also encase an already existing object with new materials — for instance, adding a handle to a metal screwdriver shaft — which current printers struggle to do. 

    Credit; UC Berkeley video by Roxanne Makasdjian and Stephen McNally
    The technology has the potential to transform how products from prosthetics to eyeglass lenses are designed and manufactured, the researchers say.

    “I think this is a route to being able to mass-customize objects even more, whether they are prosthetics or running shoes,” said Hayden Taylor, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at UC Berkeley and senior author of a paper describing the printer, which appears online today (Jan. 31) in the journal Science.

    “The fact that you could take a metallic component or something from another manufacturing process and add on customizable geometry, I think that may change the way products are designed,” Taylor said.

    UC Berkeley researchers used a new light-based 3D printing technique to add a handle onto a screwdriver shaft

    UC Berkeley photo by Stephen McNally

    Most 3D printers, including other light-based techniques, build up 3D objects layer by layer. This leads to a “stair-step” effect along the edges. They also have difficulties creating flexible objects because bendable materials could deform during the printing process, and supports are required to print objects of certain shapes, like arches.

    The new printer relies on a viscous liquid that reacts to form a solid when exposed to a certain threshold of light. Projecting carefully crafted patterns of light — essentially “movies” — onto a rotating cylinder of liquid solidifies the desired shape “all at once.”

    “Basically, you’ve got an off-the-shelf video projector, which I literally brought in from home, and then you plug it into a laptop and use it to project a series of computed images, while a motor turns a cylinder that has a 3D printing resin in it,” Taylor said. “Obviously there are a lot of subtleties to it — how you formulate the resin, and, above all, how you compute the images that are going to be projected, but the barrier to creating a very simple version of this tool is not that high.”

    Taylor and the team used the printer to create a series of objects, from a tiny model of Rodin’s “The Thinker” statue to a customized jawbone model. Currently, they can make objects up to four inches in diameter.

    “This is the first case where we don’t need to build up custom 3D parts layer by layer,” said Brett Kelly, co-first author on the paper who completed the work while a graduate student working jointly at UC Berkeley and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. “It makes 3D printing truly three-dimensional.”

    The 3D printer works by shining changing patterns of light through a rotating vial of liquid. A computer algorithm calculates the exact patterns of light needed to shape a specific object.


    UC Berkeley photo by Hayden Taylor
    A CT scan — in reverse

    The new printer was inspired by the computed tomography (CT) scans that can help doctors locate tumors and fractures within the body.

    CT scans project X-rays or other types of electromagnetic radiation into the body from all different angles. Analyzing the patterns of transmitted energy reveals the geometry of the object.

    “Essentially we reversed that principle,” Taylor said. “We are trying to create an object rather than measure an object, but actually a lot of the underlying theory that enables us to do this can be translated from the theory that underlies computed tomography.”

    Besides patterning the light, which requires complex calculations to get the exact shapes and intensities right, the other major challenge faced by the researchers was how to formulate a material that stays liquid when exposed to a little bit of light, but reacts to form a solid when exposed to a lot of light.

    “The liquid that you don’t want to cure is certainly having rays of light pass through it, so there needs to be a threshold of light exposure for this transition from liquid to solid,” Taylor said.

    The researchers formulated a thick, syrupy liquid that hardens into a solid when exposed to a certain threshold of light.

    UC Berkeley photo by Stephen McNally

    The 3D printing resin is composed of liquid polymers mixed with photosensitive molecules and dissolved oxygen. Light activates the photosensitive compound which depletes the oxygen. Only in those 3D regions where all the oxygen has been used up do the polymers form the “cross-links” that transform the resin from a liquid to a solid. Unused resin can be recycled by heating it up in an oxygen atmosphere, Taylor said.

    “Our technique generates almost no material waste and the uncured material is 100 percent reusable,” said Hossein Heidari, a graduate student in Taylor’s lab at UC Berkeley and co-first author of the work. “This is another advantage that comes with support-free 3D printing.”

    The objects also don’t have to be transparent. The researchers printed objects that appear to be opaque using a dye that transmits light at the curing wavelength but absorbs most other wavelengths.

    “This is particularly satisfying for me, because it creates a new framework of volumetric or ‘all-at-once’ 3D printing that we have begun to establish over the recent years,” said Maxim Shusteff, a staff engineer at the Livermore lab. “We hope this will open the way for many other researchers to explore this exciting technology area.”

    Indrasen Bhattacharya of UC Berkeley is co-first author of the work. Other authors include Christopher M. Spadaccini of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

    This work was supported by UC Berkeley faculty startup funds and by Laboratory-Directed Research and Development funds from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The team has filed a patent application on the technique.

    • Contacts and sources:
       Kara Manke
      UC Berkeley

    Source: 

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    29-03-2019 om 22:59 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Russian Soviet UFOs Incredible Intelligent Disclosure

    Russian Soviet UFOs Incredible Intelligent Disclosure

    The history of UFOs and encounters with other-worldly beings includes events from all over the world. Russia — formerly the Soviet Union — has a major part of that history. Its story is dramatic, at times chilling, and always provocative.

    Richard Dolan is one of the world’s leading researchers and writers on the subject of UFOs and believes that they constitute the greatest mystery of our time.

    He is the author of two volumes of history, UFOs and the National Security State, both ground-breaking works which together provide the most factually complete and accessible narrative of the UFO subject available anywhere.

    He also co-authored a speculative book about the future, A.D. After Disclosure, the first-ever analysis not only of how UFO secrecy might end, but of the all-important question: what happens next?

    OTHER VIDEOS, selected by Peter 2011

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    29-03-2019 om 22:44 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Before it's news (ENG.)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The Human Cost of an Alien Encounter: Revisitig Falcon Lake

    The Human Cost of an Alien Encounter: Revisiting Falcon Lake

    More than 50 years after it happened, The Falcon Lake UFO incident remains one of the most compelling close encounter cases on record, and yet, compared to cases like Roswell oRendlesham Forest, for example, it has maintained a relatively low profile. This is curious, given the reams of official documentation of the event, physical evidence in the form of strange metals found at the sight, and the fact that the witness suffered almost-fatal injuries as a result of coming into direct contact with a structured craft of unknown origin.

    In a new book, published through my August Night imprint, noted UFO researcher Chris Rutkowski opens his vault of documents and images, gathered over several decades of inquiry, and presents a comprehensive picture of the Falcon Lake UFO incident. The book, When They Appeared, is co-authored by Stan Michalak, son of the original witness, who provides his inside perspective of what was happening in the Michalak home immediately following his father’s extraordinary encounter, documenting the daily struggles of his family as they dealt with his father’s injuries and the endless stream of investigators and media. Released after years of planning, When They Appeared is a sober and meticulous deconstruction of an event that presents a serious challenge to any true skeptic. Here, Chris and Stan talk to me about the Falcon Lake case, how it affected the Michalak family, and why it remains so important.

    Chris Rutkowski (left), Stan Michalak (right), and the sketch of the craft drawn by Stan’s father, Stefan.

    RG [to Chris]: Describe Stefan Michalak’s encounter in a nutshell and what sets it apart from so many other alleged close encounter cases.

    CR: In May, 1967, Stefan Michalak was enjoying his hobby as a rockhound in Whiteshell Provincial Park, just north of Falcon Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Shortly after noon, his attention was drawn to two disc-shaped objects high in the sky. They both descended, and one dropped down to land or hover just above a flat rock outcropping not far from Michalak. He crouched behind a boulder and bushes so as not to be seen, and observed the craft for about half an hour. During this time, Michalak sketched the object in detail, noting it was a metallic craft of some kind, about 35 feet in diameter and about 12 feet high, with a domelike section on top from which bright purple light was emanating. Michalak said he could hear a whooshing sound as if air was being expelled or taken in, and there was a smell like burning electrical circuitry.

    As he watched, a small door opened in the side of the craft, and light poured out from the opening as well. More importantly, Michalak now heard sounds like high-pitched voices, leading him to believe the craft was occupied. Convinced it was a secret American experimental vehicle that had encountered engine trouble, Michalak stood up and bravely walked towards the UFO, calling out jovially: “Come on out, Yankee boys! I can help fix your broken down flying machine!” By the time Michalak reached the craft, the voices had stopped, but he touched the side of the craft with his rubberized glove, which melted. The door shut, the craft revolved, and facing him was an exhaust vent of some kind. Suddenly, hot gas blasted out of it, knocking Michalak to the ground and setting fire to dry leaves, pine needles, and Michalak himself. He managed to extinguish the flaming result, but he realized he needed medical attention so he headed back home. He was treated in hospital for second degree burns and released, but then told his story to media in an attempt to warn others to stay away from that area or suffer the same fate.

    Stefan Michalak following his close encounter with a landed craft at Falcon Lake. The burns on his chest and abdomen are clearly visible, their formation matching his description of what he speculated may have been exhaust vents on the craft, which expelled a blast of hot gas at him at close range, setting his shirt alight.

    The incident was investigated by local UFO investigators, but more importantly, by several official agencies, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Royal Canadian Air Force, and even Canada’s own nuclear research facility. The latter was because soil samples collected by the RCAF were found to be radioactive, as were strange pieces of metal found a year later at the site. The case was also investigated by representatives from the Condon Committee and was included in the infamous Condon Report. Besides being a close encounter case with physical evidence, the case is remarkable because many official documents have been available or found by researchers, including medical records, RCMP documents, interview files, and analyses of the soil and metal samples. All in all, there are hundreds of pages of documents detailing the great lengths to which two countries’ investigative agencies went in studying the incident.

    A piece of the radioactive metal that was retrieved from the crash site in 1968. It was found in the cracks of the Precambrian rock. (Chris Rutkowski).

    RG: [to Stan]: Your father’s experience affected him for the rest of his life, but it affected your family too. How did you cope with it? How did you manage to integrate and assimilate your father’s experience into the relative normality of your everyday existence?

    SM: At the beginning, we were most concerned for his health. In a matter of two weeks, he had dropped twenty pounds and was having difficulty keeping food down or eating anything that was solid. It took almost a month before he was able to enjoy real food. His weight gradually returned to about 160 to 170 pounds. His burns had healed, but the spots on the lower abdomen remained for quite a while longer, resolving into round, red welts which healed as scar tissue – so he always had hard nuggets under his skin, even after many years. His nausea and blackouts continued for a time as well.

    Chris Rutkowski (left) and Stan Michalak (right) visit the remote site of the Falcon Lake UFO incident in May, 2017.

    As a family, we were very aware of what he was experiencing. My sister was so heavily involved in her university education and working most evenings, that she was seldom at home during the day. My brother was also in university, and studying hard, but he became our “gate guardian” to keep away the ever-present media. I did my best to not be underfoot, to respect my father’s quiet time, and not be a bother.

    It was my mother who bore the brunt of it, and kept a grip on her family, that is to say on her children, but she was also an excellent nurse while my father recovered. Any investigators who came to our home, like RCMP or RCAF, were looked after by my mother; she always offered refreshments and treats to anyone who was considered an official guest. Outside the home, she maintained an air of self-assurance even though she was constantly watchful of the media, and careful what she said to anyone about what had happened. It’s not as though she was trying to keep a secret, she just preferred not to have to explain all of it to just anyone. Not to mention the fact that her English was poor, and she was self-conscious of that.

    Once he was fit to return to work, our family life didn’t actually change too much. There was never a time when we felt like celebrities. This was a difficult story that came with injury and a measure of disbelief, so there was no joy in it, only concern. I was bullied in school for it and, of course, there were constant reminders from those who were skeptical and rather mean about it. It took a few years to calm down to the point where no one seemed to care enough about the story. Only then were we able to resume a relatively normal life without the constant reminder that we were the family of that odd man who was burned by the UFO.

    RG: [to Chris]: Was the Falcon Lake encounter an isolated incident, or did it fit into broader UFO activity at the time, regionally or nationally?

    CR: In addition to Michalak’s experience, there had been several UFO reports in the Whiteshell area around that time, suggesting it was part of a localized flap or wave. But UFO reports found in the Canadian National Archives show that the Falcon Lake case was pivotal in its influence and connection with other incidents in Canada in 1967, including other unexplained reports investigated by official agencies, not the least of which was the first report of a crop circle that was investigated by no less than the Royal Canadian Air Force itself! And at the time, there were even unexplained radar cases at military installations within a short distance of Falcon Lake.

    Falcon Lake.

    RG: [to Stan]: What was your father’s opinion on the possible origin of the craft?

    SM: Dad had no idea at all what it was that he saw in the woods that day. His first thought was that it was a test craft, something top secret, likely from the United States. He was an industrial mechanic, on his way to becoming a millwright, so he had knowledge of machines, fit and finish, metal construction, and metallurgy. He did not have a good foundation in things like propulsion systems, aero engines, nuclear power, or any of the things one normally associates with aircraft technology. So, he was perplexed when he considered that the two craft he saw did not fit into the basic fundamentals of terrestrial flight – the things that most people take for granted – such as the screeching sounds made by jet engines, the roar of exhaust as planes take off, the powerful whine of turbo engines, or the rumble of piston power. The very idea of Newtonian principles of flight were lost on him. He never researched the possibilities (at a time, remember, when that would have meant looking things up in books at the library, and not online, as we can do today) or tried to rationalize what he saw.

    He was, however, a relatively naïve man. He had been a military policeman in Poland before World War II, then went underground to fight with the partisans after the country was defeated by the Nazis. So, he was not an ignorant nor overly fearful man. He had enough experiences in his time in war-torn Europe, and ten years of trying to settle in Canada, to give him some accurate perspective. But when faced with something he truly did not understand, he would often take the word of the first person who professed to know something about it. He had learned early in life to find an expert in something he needed to know to get information that way. Unfortunately, the so-called experts who lined up to talk with him immediately declared that this UFO was extra-terrestrial – and they gave him sound explanations for their theories, so he began to see the possibilities that these craft could not have come from the U.S. or the U.S.S.R. As an example, he claimed the UFOs made no noises that he recognized when they flew – nothing typical of an earth-bound aircraft. Well, argued the experts, if the sound the craft made did not follow any typical examples, they simply had to be from beyond our planet – it was only logical. He would entertain arguments from skeptics who claimed that the blast of air that hit him and caused his injuries was simply too terrestrial in nature, and could not have come from an other-world craft. So, he was confused – which was the correct answer?

    When asked what he thought he saw, he would often answer, “You tell me.”

    Stefan Michalak’s sketch of the UFO he witnessed.

    RG: [to both]: What are your personal thoughts on the nature of the craft that Stefan saw?

    CR: This case is one of the last true “nuts and bolts” UFO reports in ufology. There was no suggestion of exotic concepts more popular today, such as dimensional portals, consciousness downloads, telepathy, etc. Michalak was a very pragmatic and “down to earth” man (pun intended), with no interest in paranormal or spiritual aspects of phenomena. He was convinced he had seen and touched a physical craft of some sort. We know that that this time period was the cusp of the American Apollo space program, it makes sense that Michalak would have thought in those terms, especially given his own military background. But since we know that nothing resembling such a saucer-shaped craft had been successfully flown by any country (then or now), we are left with a mystery. Michalak was not one to make up stories or fabricate a hoax, and he had too much respect for fellow military members to lie, especially since he had nothing to gain and did not seek money or notoriety.

    SM: I have always been an aviation enthusiast. In my latter years, I became very knowledgeable, and have extensively researched what was happening around the world in aviation technology in the 1950s and 1960s. I have found nothing concrete in our development of air or space craft that explains what he saw that day, yet, not having seen the UFOs for myself, I can’t explain his sighting any more than he could. So, does logic dictate that if I can’t explain it, but I know it was seen and experienced, then it must be other-worldly?

    Simply exploring basic physics, something that can be done these days in a matter of a few hours online, provides a lot of insight into what this craft could not be. We know that there was a lot of theoretical research being done into propulsion systems back in the 1960s, and that there are still ongoing studies that speculate on what it would take to power a craft like the one my father saw. So far, nothing has come of it. Once again, it leaves us with the extra-terrestrial explanation as the only logical answer. If we had such technology in 1967, why strap three men into a tiny capsule on the top of a massive rocket in order to get them to the moon, when one could do the job with whatever made the UFOs work – assuming, of course, that they were of American origin?

    A grid of dots can be seen on Stefan Michalak’s burned shirt.

    I am inclined to believe that what landed on that rocky outcrop was not of this world. We have tried to offer terrestrial explanations for its behaviour because we don’t have any reference for anything other than what we presently know. That doesn’t give us actual answers, just theories based on limited knowledge. The biggest problem with this case, as far as I’m concerned, is that, like my father, I have relied on experts to give me answers when I needed to solve complex problems or understand complicated issues. To date, there really aren’t any experts in this field, just a lot of smart people with theories. I believe the case will remain “unexplained” until it isn’t – and by then, we will have solved bigger issues on this planet than simply who may have paid us a visit 50 years ago.

    RG: [to Chris]: What was/is the Canadian government’s official explanation for the Falcon Lake incident?

    CR: I will defer to the RCAF, which noted in a report: “Neither the DND nor the RCMP investigation teams were able to provide evidence which could dispute Mr. Michalak’s story. Although the investigation has been completed, a satisfactory explanation or conclusion is still lacking.”

    When They Appeared is available now from all good online bookstores.

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    29-03-2019 om 22:26 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Still No Explanation for Strange Falling UFO over Alaska

    De bronafbeelding bekijken

    Still No Explanation for Strange Falling UFO over Alaska

    On March 19, 2019, a strange aerial object that appeared to be falling from the sky while emitting some sort of smoke trail was recorded by a man in Anchorage, Alaska. After he submitted it to a local TV news outlet, the video quickly received national and worldwide attention and tons of speculation as to what it might be. Those suggesting a conventional aircraft were stunned when both the US Air Force and the Federal Aviation Administration weighed in with official statements saying they had no idea what the object might be, but it definitely didn’t belong to the US military nor any US commercial airlines. After a full week, there is still no answer nor explanation. What was it?

    “What is that?”
    “I don’t know what that is. I hope it’s not a plane.”
    “It’s definitely not sky writing, that’s for damn sure. It’s like something …”
    “It’s going straight down. … Now there’s some fire on the end of it. You see it?”
    “Uh huh.”
    “I’m going to get close. It looks like a plane dropping. I hope not.”

    That worried conversation between two people comes from the cellphone video taken by one of the voices – Adonus Baugh, an 18-year-old who was just pulling away from his house with his mother, the other voice in the video, when he saw the anomaly in the sky. They were able to pull over and record it for about 40 seconds. When he turned it over to KTVA, the CBS affiliate in Anchorage, he said at first “I thought it was a meteor or something coming into the atmosphere.” Based on his comments, neither he nor his mother were able to identify it. (Watch the video and see the photos here).

    There’s plenty to see in the Alaskan sky that’s strange

    After reporting on the sighting, KTVA was contacted by a third witness, Bebe Kang, who took two photographs of the smoking object at about the same time (8:23 pm) and posted them briefly on Facebook with a comment:

    “It didn’t look like an airplane or one of those jets. It was big, super slow and RED!! I tried to get a video but it got further and smaller. I really just thought it might be an asteroid”

    She later took them down because “I didn’t want people to think I was seeing aliens.”

    KTVA contacted Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, a combined Air Force and Army base in Anchorage that is home to F-22 Raptor stealth fighters, C-130 Hercules and C-17 Globemaster III transports, E-3 Sentry AWACS command jets, Alaskan Command (ALCOM), Alaskan NORAD Region (ANR), Joint Task Force-Alaska (JTF-AK), Eleventh Air Force (11 AF), the 673d Air Base Wing, the 3rd Wing, the 176th Wing and other units. If anyone should know what the object in the video is, it should be them. Right?

    “That doesn’t look like any of our planes.”

    Base spokesperson Erin Eaton declined to speculate one what or whose it might be and has issued no further reports. Suspicious? A cover-up? KTVA also contacted Federal Aviation Administration officials, who said the object was not an aircraft and they had no reports of any planes reporting problems on the evening of March 19. Despite the Air Force and FAA denials, Peter Davidson, the director of the Washington-based National UFO Reporting Center, told KTVA it was “a high-altitude jet airliner, with a contrail behind it.”

    “It is in level flight, but because it is flying away from the camera, it appears to be ‘falling’. It is not, but parallax makes it look that way.”

    “Parallax” is the photographic effect whereby the position or direction of an object appears to differ when viewed from different positions. That could certainly be true and comments on various web sites seem to agree that the object looks more like a plane and contrail illuminated by late-evening reddish sunlight.

    Are any of these from UFOs … or all of them?

    EXCEPT … the Air Force and the FAA have no records of any planes in that particular spot in the Anchorage sky on March 19. Officially, at least. Since the intial report by KTVA, there seems to have been no further official investigations, speculations or conversations. Perhaps they’re afraid that …

    “I didn’t want people to think I was seeing aliens.”

    What is it?

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    29-03-2019 om 22:08 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:LATEST UFO-NEWS ( ENG)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.UFO Caught In Photo During Selfie In New Mexico, March 24, 2019, UFO Sighting News.

    UFO Caught In Photo During Selfie In New Mexico, March 24, 2019, UFO Sighting News.

    Date of sighting: March 24, 2019
    Location of sighting: Rio Rancho, New Mexico, USA
    Source: MUFON #99416
     
    A person was taking photos with friends in New Mexico last week when an metallic object flew past in the back ground. The UFO was caught in just one photo, but it was enough. It looks as if she was taking Instagram photos or photos for some other social sharing network when they accidentally caught this alien craft. 
     
    When I made a close up photo of the UFO I didn't see any wings, propellers, windows, to indicate it was a plane or jet. It was in only one photo which means its not a balloon, because it moves too fast. It is possible that a UFO was deliberately flying overhead to scan the these people when they were out taking photos. If this was a alien drone, which can be as small as 1 meter to softball size, then it was there for pure research gathering reasons. 
    Scott C. Waring
     
    Eyewitness states: 
    Shiny metal with green violet and blue lights around it and a dark spot on top of it.




    https://www.ufosightingsdaily.com/ }

    29-03-2019 om 21:52 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:LATEST UFO-NEWS ( ENG)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.5 UFOs in the sky above Miami, Florida 27-Mar-2019

    5 UFOs in the sky above Miami, Florida 27-Mar-2019

    This UFO sighting was just submitted through our Facebook Page. 

    Witness report: 

    We see this yesterday in Miami at 7:45 pm. A big mother sphere shot out 5 smaller spheres and they hovered for some time.

    http://www.latest-ufo-sightings.net/ }

    29-03-2019 om 21:43 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.What happened before the Big Bang?

    What happened before the Big Bang?

    How can we get an inkling of what existed before our universe began? Scientists at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics suggest a way.

    Blue sine wave wider toward right over bubble expanding to right.

    Artist’s concept showing the patterns of signals generated by primordial standard clocks in different theories of the primordial universe. Top: Big Bounce. Bottom: Inflation.

    Image via CfA.

    Can we get an inkling of what existed before our universe began? Some theories suggest that, before the Big Bang, whatever existed was contracting, rather than expanding, as our universe is today. Perhaps what was contracting was an earlier universe, for example. If so, what we perceive as a Big Bang was actually a part of a Big Bounce. But a popular theory of our universe, called the inflation theorydoesn’t call for the idea of a previously contracting universe.

    So what if inflation theory could be proven false? If so, the door would open to other theories, some of which do suggest a state of contraction before our universe began. If inflation theory could be proven false, we’d have some potential to probe – via these other theories – the universe before the Big Bang.

    Now a team of scientists at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) has laid out a method that might be used to falsify inflation experimentally. The study will appear in the physics journal Physical Review Letters as an Editors’ Suggestion.

    Let’s start from the beginning here … literally. Inflation is the theory that speaks of a time immediately after the Big Bang. It describes a universe that dramatically expanded in size for a fleeting fraction of a second. Inflation theory solves some important mysteries about the structure and evolution of our universe. But, according to the CfA scientists, other very different theories – including those that do allow for a previously contracting universe and a Big Bounce – can also explain these mysteries. These scientists said in a statement:

    To help decide between inflation and these other ideas, the issue of falsifiability – that is, whether a theory can be tested to potentially show it is false – has inevitably arisen.

    Some researchers, including Avi Loeb of CfA – who is a part of the new study – had previously raised concerns about inflation, on the grounds that it was difficult, if not impossible, to falsify. Loeb said:

    Falsifiability should be a hallmark of any scientific theory. The current situation for inflation is that it’s such a flexible idea, it cannot be falsified experimentally. No matter what value people measure for some observable attribute, there are always some models of inflation that can explain it.

    A team of scientists led by the CfA’s Xingang Chen, along with Loeb, and Zhong-Zhi Xianyu of the Physics Department of Harvard University, have applied an idea they call a primordial standard clock to the non-inflationary theories, and laid out a method that may be used to falsify inflation experimentally.

    In an effort to find some characteristic that can separate inflation from other theories, the team began by identifying the defining property of the various theories – the evolution of the size of the primordial universe. Xianyu said:

    For example, during inflation, the size of the universe grows exponentially. In some alternative theories, the size of the universe contracts. Some do it very slowly, while others do it very fast.

    The attributes people have proposed so far to measure usually have trouble distinguishing between the different theories because they are not directly related to the evolution of the size of the primordial universe.

    So, we wanted to find what the observable attributes are that can be directly linked to that defining property.

    According to these scientists, the signals generated by the primordial standard clock can serve such a purpose. They explained:

    That clock is any type of heavy elementary particle in the primordial universe. Such particles should exist in any theory and their positions should oscillate at some regular frequency, much like the ticking of a clock’s pendulum.

    The primordial universe was not entirely uniform. There were tiny irregularities in density on minuscule scales that became the seeds of the large-scale structure observed in today’s universe. This is the primary source of information physicists rely on to learn about what happened before the Big Bang.

    The ticks of the standard clock generated signals that were imprinted into the structure of those irregularities. Standard clocks in different theories of the primordial universe predict different patterns of signals, because the evolutionary histories of the universe are different.

    Chen said:

    If we imagine all of the information we learned so far about what happened before the Big Bang is in a roll of film frames, then the standard clock tells us how these frames should be played. Without any clock information, we don’t know if the film should be played forward or backward, fast or slow, just like we are not sure if the primordial universe was inflating or contracting, and how fast it did so. This is where the problem lies. The standard clock put time stamps on each of these frames when the film was shot before the Big Bang, and tells us how to play the film.

    The team calculated how these standard clock signals should look in non-inflationary theories, and suggested how they should be searched for in astrophysical observations. Co-author Xianyu said:

    If a pattern of signals representing a contracting universe were found, it would falsify the entire inflationary theory.

    Chen added that the success of this idea lies with experimentation. He said:

    These signals will be very subtle to detect, and so we may have to search in many different places. The cosmic microwave background radiation is one such place, and the distribution of galaxies is another. We have already started to search for these signals and there are some interesting candidates already …

    As always, they said, more observational data is needed to bear out these theoretical ideas.

    Bottom line: We don’t know what happened before the Big Bang, but some cosmological theories suggest a contraction prior to it. Perhaps an earlier universe was contracting. Unfortunately, the most popular cosmological theory of today – inflation theory – doesn’t call for this idea. Now scientists at CfA have devised a way that inflation theory might be falsified. If it were falsified, the door would be open to some of the other theories that hint at a pre-Big-Bang contraction.


    https://earthsky.org/ }

    29-03-2019 om 01:46 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.A Strange Harvest (1980): Creepy documentary about aliens and cattle mutilation

    A Strange Harvest (1980): Creepy documentary about aliens and cattle mutilation

    A Strange Harvest (1980) is a documentary about unexplained cattle mutilations that were widespread in the American West in the 1970s and 1980s. (From a Wikipedia article on cattle mutilation: "A 1979 FBI report indicated that, according to investigations by the New Mexico State Police, there had been an estimated 8,000 mutilations in Colorado, causing approximately $1,000,000 damage.") Many instances of cattle mutilations can be attributed to predation, but others appear to be the result of unexplained human activity.

    This well-made documentary, which runs about 1.5 hours, is a masterpiece of low-budget creepiness. The synthesizer soundtrack is ominous and weird, and the cinematography is hallucinatory. I don't buy the argument that space aliens are responsible, but it's still a compelling movie.

    [via Reddit's Obscure Media]

    https://twitter.com/UFOS_EXPOSED }

    29-03-2019 om 01:31 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ALIEN LIFE ( FR. , NL; E )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Pre-Columbian Amazon Was Not So Virgin After All

    Archaeologists used satellite imagery to find archaeological sites in the Amazon’s upper Tapajós Basin.

    Pre-Columbian Amazon Was Not So Virgin After All

    Archaeologists are discovering that the Amazon region was not a pristine place before European contact. In fact, a new study suggests that there was quite a large population living there. What evidence can we see for their villages today? The outlines of their settlements and a few hardy artifacts.

    Just over a year ago, large geometric earthworks (geoglyphs) in the southwestern Amazon made international headlines as both an unexpected discovery and for the resemblance of some sites to the famed Stonehenge. They are estimated to be at least 2,000 years old.

    Called the Geoglyphs of Acre because most of them are located in the Brazilian State of Acre, nearly 500 locations were identified. They come in various shapes: squares, circles, U-forms, ellipses, and octagons; but researchers believe that they all enhanced the connection between humans and nature. Their very existence shows that humans were in the Amazon much earlier than once believed – although the impact they had certainly is nothing compared to the levels of destruction seen today.

    Examples of geoglyphs and mounded ring villages in the Amazon: a. LiDAR digital terrain model of the Jacó Sá site. b. Aerial photo of one of the structures at Jacó Sá site. c. Aerial photo of Fonte Boa site.

    Examples of geoglyphs and mounded ring villages in the Amazon: a. LiDAR digital terrain model of the Jacó Sá site. b. Aerial photo of one of the structures at Jacó Sá site. c. Aerial photo of Fonte Boa site.  (CNPq research group Geoglyphs of Western Amazonia/ Denise Schaan )

    Now there is mounting evidence that humans ventured into other parts of the Amazon as well. The Chicago Tribune reports that 81 geoglyphs have been found in the upper Tapajós Basin, a “transitional zone” where Brazil borders Bolivia. This area receives less rainfall than lower regions and is also called terra firme. It is a place that rarely floods and a location which archaeologists have largely ignored in favor of more fertile regions closer to large rivers.

    Jonas De Souza of the University of Exeter, UK collaborated with other scientists Britain and Brazil to explore a terra firme region which has been forgotten, despite being bordered on the east and west with archaeological sites. According to The Guardian , the new sites were first noted in deforested areas by satellite imagery.

    The newly identified earthworks show signs of ditch enclosures, sunken roadways, and earth platforms and vary from small 30 meter (98.43 ft.) wide villages to immense 19-hectare settlements.

    Ditched enclosures of the Upper Tapajós Basin (UTB).

    Ditched enclosures of the Upper Tapajós Basin (UTB). ( Google, DigitalGlobe )

    The possibility was too exciting to leave at satellite image analysis, so researchers set off to explore 24 of the sites on the ground. De Souza told The Guardian, “Everything that we identified on satellite imagery that we tested was an archeological site.” The results published in Nature Communications shows that the trip was worthwhile. The authors write :

    “The results of our predictive model of ditched enclosures show that, despite the enormous distances covered, earthworks are found across areas of notable environmental similarity, with pronounced seasonality in rainfall and temperature […] The seasonal drought of the transitional forests of this region probably facilitated clearance for the construction of earthworks. The easy-to-clear vegetation and the more fertile/less weathered soils of seasonally-dry forests are factors that made them attractive to Pre-Columbian farmers.”

    De Souza said that the team found artifacts such as ceramics and polished stone axes, and also dark fertile earth which comes with extended human habitation. No buildings have been detected, but that’s not surprising because they were probably made of wood. Charcoal found near the ceramics at the sites has been carbon dated to 1410 - 1460 AD, in line with sites in the southern part of the Amazon, which were most active between 1250 and 1500.

    Site Mt20.

    Site Mt20. ( José Iriarte )

    One of the most startling results of the research is the claim based on models that 500,000 to a million people were living in that part of the Amazon and they may have built some 1,000 to 1,500 enclosures! De Souza clarified , “It's probably the case that some areas of the Amazon were sustaining large populations and others were not. Because there is so little research, we are slowly discovering what was happening in each.”

    That large of a population would have certainly meant modification to the rainforest, but de Souza pointed out ,

    The forest is an artifact of modification. It has nothing to do with the kind of practice we are seeing nowadays - large-scale, clearing monoculture. These people were combining small-scale agriculture with management of useful tree species. So it was more a sustainable kind of land use.

    Amazon Rainforest, Brazil.

    Amazon Rainforest, Brazil. (Ben Sutherland/Darren and Sandy Van Soye/ CC BY NC SA 2.0 )

    Although the numbers may appear high at first, they seem to fit with accounts given by the first Europeans who entered the Amazon. Those reports were mostly discredited by historians as fantasy. Now archaeological evidence is giving the early travelers some support.

    But the European arrival meant devastation for many of the settlements, as de Souza said , “We know that diseases travelled much faster than people and probably this population was already weakened by diseases brought by Europeans even before the Europeans set foot on the area.”

    • Top Image: Archaeologists used satellite imagery to find archaeological sites in the Amazon’s upper Tapajós Basin. Source: University of Exeter/PA

    By Alicia McDermott

    https://www.ancient-origins.net/ }

    29-03-2019 om 01:24 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ARCHEOLOGIE ( E, Nl, Fr )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.UFO sighting: UFO caught flying over busy Berlin airport in dramatic photos - SHOCK claim

    AN INCREDIBLE UFO was photographed hovering over Berlin’s Brandenburg Airport in Germany, a prominent UFO expert has shockingly claimed.

    The supposed alien  was seen on March 6 this year over the German capital city. Popular UFO-hunter Scott C Waring said he came across the UFO photos on the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON). The conspiracy theorist, who runs the website UFO Sightings Daily, bizarrely said UFOs have been appearing over airports in great numbers in recent years. He now shared the unusual sighting in a bid to raise awareness of the issue.

    The alleged UFO photos show a commercial jet flying low over the city of Berlin on a bright and sunny day.

    The eyewitness who shared the pictures with MUFON said the pictures were taken from the TV tower in Berlin earlier this month.

    The eyewitness described a “round object found in the sky” on the left side of the photo.

    According to Mr Waring, the supposed UFO likely moved out of the aeroplane’s way once discovered.

    UFO sighting: Alien UFOs over Berlin, Germany

    UFO sighting: A supposed UFO was seen over the city of Berlin, Germany 
    (Image: SCOTT WARING)

    He said: “Here is an interesting report from MUFON today. A person took some photos and noticed a UFO in two of the photos.

    “What looks like a ring UFO may be one solid craft with the top centre having a dark tinted dome window area on it.

    “The UFO moves its position when it noticed the passenger jet approaching it.

    “This makes me think there is a possibility of the UFO having shown up on radar.”

    The UFO expert then speculated the UFO was hovering over Brandenburg Airport before it was forced to retreat.

    A person took some photos and noticed a UFO

    Scott C Waring, UFO expert

    And in Mr Waring’s estimate, the UFO could have not been any bigger than 75ft (23m) across.

    He also suggested the  spacecraft employed some form of cloaking device to blend into the sky.

    The conspiracist said: “When you compare the size of the jet, let’s say for comparison’s sake it’s a 747, which is 76.3m long.

    UFO sighting: Alien UFOs over Berlin

    UFO sighting: The picture was snapped on March 6 this year in Berlin
     (Image: SCOTT WARING)

    UFO sighting: Supposed alien UFO over Berlin

    UFO sighting: Mr Waring believes this was a UFO over Germany 
    (Image: SCOTT WARING)

    “Then this UFO is 30 percent the diameter of the jet, making the UFO 22.89m across.

    “Notice how the UFO takes on the colour of the sky behind it?

    “The ship’s outer hull reflects the colours around it.”

    However, what is more likely is Mr Waring fell for the effects of a peculiar psychological trick known as pareidolia.

    Pareidolia causes people to see shapes, faces and patterns where they do not exist, often leading to claims of UFOs and aliens.

    Dr Steven Novella explained the phenomenon in his book The Skeptics’ Guide to the Universe.

    He wrote: “Your brain connects the dots. It’s amazing how few details are needed to suggest a face, and even an emotional expression, to our pattern-seeking brains.

    “Even as little as a couple dots for eyes and some kind of line for a mouth is enough for our brains to see Elvis or the Pope.”

    29-03-2019 om 01:11 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The Unsolved Mystery of the Lubbock Lights UFO Sightings

    The Unsolved Mystery of the Lubbock Lights UFO Sightings

    Hundreds of people, including several university scientists, witnessed the flying blue-green lights in August 1951. One person even took photos.

    August 25, 1951 was a quiet summer night in Lubbock, Texas. That evening, a handful of scientists from Texas Technical College were hanging out in the backyard of geology professor Dr. W.I. Robinson, drinking tea and chatting about micrometeorites. It was quite the brain trust: chemical engineering professor Dr. A. G. Oberg, physics professor Dr. George and Dr. W. L. Ducker, head of the petroleum-engineering department.

    Which made the story of what they witnessed that night all the more curious.

    “If a group had been hand-picked to observe a UFO, we couldn’t have picked a more technically qualified group of people,” wrote U.S. Air Force Captain Edward J. Ruppelt later in his definitive 1956 casebook, The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects.In the early 1950s Ruppelt served as lead investigator for Project Blue Book, the official Air Force investigations into UFO sightings, after working on its precursor effort, Project Grudge.

    The Lubbock Lights, photographed by 19-year old Carl Hart, Jr. on August 30, 1951 in Lubbock, Texas.

    Sightings of the blue-green lights kept growing

    Around 9:20 p.m., the university colleagues saw something otherworldly in the expansive Texas sky: a V-shaped formation of 15 to 30 blueish-green lights passing overhead. Stunned, but still using their trained scientific reasoning, they figured the lights would reappear. And they did, about an hour later, in a more haphazard formation. The scientists were all in agreement: They had witnessed something fantastic—but what was it?

    The professors weren’t the only credible witnesses to the mysterious blue-green lights that night. At dusk, in Albuquerque, New Mexico (about 350 miles away from Lubbock), an employee of the Atomic Energy Commission’s top-secret Sandia Corporation—a man with a high-level “Q” security clearance—had been sitting outside with his wife. According to Ruppelt:

    They were gazing at the night sky, commenting on how beautiful it was when both of them were startled at the sight of a huge airplane flying swiftly and silently over their home… On the aft edge of the wings, there were six to eight pairs of soft, glowing, bluish lights.

    Edward Ruppelt oversaw Project Blue Book for the U.S. Air Force, a program that monitored and investigated UFO reports.

    An hour or so after, according to a retired rancher from Lubbock, his wife had seen something terrifying in the night sky. Ruppelt described it this way:

    Just after dark, his wife had gone outdoors to take some sheets off the clothesline. He was inside the house reading the paper. Suddenly his wife had rushed into the house…“as white as the sheets she was carrying.” The reason his wife was so upset was that she had seen a large object glide swiftly and silently over the house. She said it looked like “an airplane without a body.” On the back edge of the wing were pairs of glowing bluish lights.

    By the time Ruppelt flew into Lubbock to investigate the sightings in late September, hundreds of residents had seen the lights over a period of two weeks.

    Locals investigate, and even snap some photos

    But not everyone had waited for the government to start looking into the matter. After alerting local papers like the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, the Texas Tech professors started their own informal investigation. In the weeks after their initial August 25sighting, they and their friends observed the lights 12 more times. They measured the lights’ angles, roughly calculated their speed and noted that they always traveled from north to south. Armed with walkie-talkies, the scientist-sleuths and their friends formed two teams and attempted to measure the UFO’s altitude, with little success.

    As the days went on, more and more Lubbock residents claimed to have seen the lights. And when the professors cross-checked these reports against what they themselves had seen and recorded, many of the facts lined up, Ruppelt wrote. Of course, few if any had recorded the phenomena with the same level of detail as the professors.

    But while many observers offered incomplete or poorly expressed recollections, there’s little doubt that whatever people were seeing was something real. UFO sightings are usually one-off events, but these blue-green lights were observed multiple times, by hundreds of people.

    Plus, for many, there was physical proof: black-and-white photos taken by a Texas Tech freshman named Carl Hart, Jr. On August 31—the same night an Air Force wife and her daughter claimed to have seen a UFO while driving northwest from Matador, Texas, to Lubbock—Hart was keeping vigil in his bedroom, looking out for the infamous lights. According to Ruppelt:

    It was a warm night and his bed was pushed over next to an open window. He was looking out at the clear night sky, and had been in bed about a half hour, when he saw a formation of the lights appear in the north… cross an open patch of sky, and disappear over his house. Knowing that the lights might reappear as they had done in the past, he grabbed his loaded Kodak 35, set the lens and shutter at f 3.5 and one-tenth of a second, and went out into the middle of the backyard. Before long, his vigil was rewarded when the lights made a second pass. He got two pictures. A third formation went over a few minutes later, and he got three more pictures.

    These hotly debated images, which show a cluster of dim lights in a V-formation moving through the night sky, are the only visual representation of what hundreds were now claiming they saw.


    Captain Edward Ruppelt, standing between the two seated men, with other officers of the U.S. Air Force at a 1952 news conference where they announced the installment of more than 200 cameras in attempts to obtain data on the unidentified flying objects reported from various parts of the nation.

    Was it birds? Or planes? The government's investigator goes coy

    As Ruppelt began his formal investigation, he found that the lights had affected all who saw them, including a hardened old man from Lamesa, who had witnessed them with his wife. “He broke off his story of the lights and launched into his background as a native Texan, with range wars, Indians and stagecoaches under his belt,” Ruppelt recalled of their interview session. “What he was trying to point out was that despite the range wars, Indians and stagecoaches, he had been scared. His wife had been scared, too.”

    The old Lamesa man had suggested that the lights were actually plover birds, a theory to which Ruppelt would lend some credence. But just like many people Ruppelt interviewed, the old man admitted he and his wife had been looking for the lights after reading about them in the paper. This was a common thread tying together many of the witnesses. “One point of interest was that very few claimed to have seen the lights before reading the professors’ story in the paper,” Ruppelt wrote. “But this could get back to the old question, ‘Do people look up if they have no reason to do so?’”

    So, what exactly did all these people witness? In The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects, Ruppelt—by all accounts an honorable and fair man who oversaw what many describe as the “golden age” of the government’s official UFO investigations—offers a strangely evasive explanation:

    I thought that the professors’ lights might have been some kind of birds reflecting the light from mercury-vapor street lights, but I was wrong. They weren’t birds, they weren’t refracted light, but they weren’t spaceships. The lights that the professors saw…have been positively identified as a very commonplace and easily explainable natural phenomenon…I can’t divulge exactly the way the answer was found because it is an interesting story of how a scientist set up complete instrumentation to track down the lights. Telling the story would lead to his identity and, in exchange for his story, I promised the man complete anonymity... With the most important phase of the Lubbock Lights “solved”—the sightings by the professors—the other phases become only good UFO reports.

    And so, the mystery of the Lubbock Lights remains unsolved.

    “The Lubbock Lights incident persists in the memory of many older citizens, and to this day captivates researchers from across the country,” Dr. Monte L. Monroe, Southwest collection archivist at Texas Tech University told Texas Highways Magazine. “Mention the event, and everyone has an opinion. Some believe the bright, semicircular, so-called ‘string of beads’ crossed the sky at great speed, high in the stratosphere. Few agree with the streetlight-illuminated, migratory duck-bellies theory ventured at the time by skeptics or in the Air Force report.”

    According to Monroe, the professors and other witnesses—tired of explaining themselves and what they saw—almost totally ceased giving interviews by the 1970s. In a rare informal interview, more than 40 years after the sightings, Carl Hart, Jr. reportedly told author and UFO researcher Kevin D. Randle he still had no idea what he had photographed that pleasant August night many moons ago. But like hundreds of others witnesses in and around Lubbock that strange Texas summer, he saw something he would never forget.

    Access hundreds of hours of historical video, commercial free, with HISTORY Vault. Start your free trial today.

    29-03-2019 om 00:34 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.These 3D-Printed Mars Habitats Just Won a NASA Award
    3D PRINTED HABITATS

    These 3D-Printed Mars Habitats Just Won a NASA Award

    Here's a closer look at what it'll be like to live on Mars one day.

    Space Habitat

    NASA’s 3D-Printed Habitat Challenge that kicked off in 2015 has challenged teams around the U.S. to render, prove the structural integrity, and construct a model of a habitat that could one day shelter humans on the surface of the Moon or even Mars.

    And yesterday, NASA crowned the top three winners of the Challenge’s latest round, challenging the participating teams to “complete a virtual construction level.” The top three teams, which split a prize of $100,000, hail from New York, Arkansas, and New Haven — and their designs are bold visions of off-world habitation.

    First Place

    The winner of this round of the Challenge is team SEArch+/Apis Cor for a vertical habitat design that can be continuously reinforced with additional 3D printing. Light enters through circular ports around the outside and the top.

    Second Place

    Second place goes to Team Zopherus for a design that would be constructed by a roving 3D printer.

    Third Place

    Team Mars Incubator was awarded third place. Its pods are made out of hexagonal pieces of 3D printed plates consisting of polyethylene, fibers, and locally sourced regolith, could one day house a team of astronauts.

    It’s a fascinating competition that paints an incredibly detailed picture of what the future of Moon or even Mars exploration could look like one day — and we’ve never been closer to that future.

    https://futurism.com/ }

    29-03-2019 om 00:08 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    28-03-2019
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Mission to Europa Gets New Instrument to Look for Signs of Habitability

    Mission to Europa Gets New Instrument to Look for Signs of Habitability

    Amid technical and political hurdles, a veteran planetary scientist takes charge of a key part of Europa Clipper, a spacecraft targeted at the solar system’s most intriguing moon

    By  

    Mission to Europa Gets New Instrument to Look for Signs of Habitability

    Artist rendering of NASA's Europa Clipper.
    Credit: NASA, JPL, Caltech

    NASA is changing one of the key scientific instruments on Europa Clipper, its next major mission to the outer planets of the solar system, and has brought in a scientific luminary to lead it, project leaders announced today. Clipper is set to orbit Jupiter and study Europa, the icy Jovian moon, across multiple flybys. Earlier this month, NASA headquarters terminated the mission’s ICEMAG magnetometer instrument, citing overruns in its estimated budget. The move left the spacecraft without an essential tool to study Europa’s interior ocean, where astrobiologists hope extraterrestrial organisms might be found.

    Margaret Kivelson, a professor emerita at the University of California, Los Angeles, will lead the effort to develop a simplified magnetometer to replace ICEMAG. The instrument will measure Europa’s magnetic field and gather data on the ocean’s depth and salinity. Kivelson previously ledthe magnetometer team on the spacecraft Galileo, which orbited Jupiter in the 1990s. She is credited with discovering the ocean beneath Europa’s ice shell.

    ICEMAG’s estimated cost had grown to $45 million—nearly three times its proposed price—according to NASA headquarters. Sophisticated internal sensors had vexed the ICEMAG science team and led to much of the extra expense. The new magnetometer will do away with those sensors, using simplified components instead. The downside is that the new sensors will likely lose calibration over time and drift in response to temperature variations. The team is now devising strategies to compensate for these effects.

    Robert Pappalardo, the project scientist of the Europa Clipper mission, made the announcement earlier today at the spring meeting of the Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science in Washington, D.C. “I recommended to NASA that we immediately stand up a team leader from within the team, and with established magnetometry expertise,” Pappalardo said. “I have the pleasure of announcing that Dr. Margaret Kivelson has accepted that role.”

    PUTTING THE PIECES TOGETHER

    NASA headquarters officially signed on to the Clipper mission in 2015. The spacecraft is due to launch in 2023, and upon entering Jupiter’s orbit, will collect data on Europa by making multiple close encounters with the icy moon. Today, Clipper is in the middle of perhaps the most critical part of its development. By the end of the year, decades of dreams by hundreds of people should finally begin manifesting as physical realities, in the form of instrument and spacecraft components. Next year, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, Calif., which is leading the spacecraft’s design and construction, will begin putting the pieces together.

    Everyone who has ever held a science textbook is familiar with some of the results of famous space missions—big, beautiful images of Saturnfrom the Cassini orbiter, for instance, or the famous Pale Blue Dot portrait of Earth by the Voyager 1 probe. But the long road to launch is less understood. Todd May, the former director of Marshall Space Flight Center, noted in a talk several years ago that journalists tend to describe the “real work” as beginning once the spacecraft has left Earth. But, he asserted, getting through development—bringing a spacecraft from PowerPoint to the launchpad—is the real challenge. “The first inch off the ground is the hardest part,” he said. The Clipper science and engineering teams have for years honed and tested every aspect of design, implementation and operation of the spacecraft. The only thing they have not done is build the thing.

    Europa presents unique challenges and potential rewards. The moon is located in Jupiter’s radiation belts, a punishing environment similar to the aftermath of a nuclear bomb detonation. Moreover, the spacecraft’s energy source—its solar panels—requires scientists to carefully map its trajectory to collect every available photon so far from the sun. When it reaches the far side of Jupiter, the spacecraft must be able to survive sunless, cryogenic temperatures. The prize for overcoming these challenges is a global saltwater ocean beneath its ice shell hypothesized to have the chemistry and energy necessary to sustain life. If there is non-Earth life anywhere in the solar system, it is there, experts say.

    “We are gearing up for one last review needed for confirmation of the mission by NASA,” Pappalardo says. “That is where NASA says that you are ready and cleared to go build the instruments and spacecraft.” In April, the project will go through its “delta preliminary design review” (PDR)—a reevaluation of certain elements of the spacecraft that had given NASA pause. An independent board will assess whether the spacecraft’s designs match up with the mission’s requirements, and that cost, risk and schedule correspond to reality. Once completed successfully, the project will go through another review at NASA headquarters called “key decision point C.” The agency will commit to the calendar and cost determined during the PDR, and the process of finalizing design and fabricating the hardware can begin. “It’s a really fascinating part of the process seeing how everything fits together,” says Zibi Turtle, principal investigator of the Europa Imaging System investigation. “Everybody builds their own instrument, and when they stick them all on the spacecraft, you have to make sure there aren’t any unexpected interactions.”

    One of the issues troubling NASA has been the marriage of Clipper’s solar panels with its ice-penetrating radar, called REASON. Originally, the massive radar antennas—used to study the structure of the ice shell, locate lakes within it and find interfaces between the ice and the ocean—was to be mounted on the spacecraft like any instrument. But the radar team and JPL engineers determined that building the radar into the solar array would prevent interference between the two components, while taking up less physical space. This was a fairly radical design in a business where “heritage”—the use of proven technologies—customarily carries the day. In January, REASON passed its “integrated wing review”—an evaluation of its integration with the solar arrays, following separate preliminary design reviews of each. “They showed me off the steps of the scaffolding,” says Don Blankenship, REASON principal investigator, joking that he avoided execution.

    But perhaps the greatest unknown for the mission is its ride to space. According to the law funding the spacecraft, Europa Clipper must launch in 2023 on NASA’s Space Launch System rocket currently under development. It is becoming increasingly apparent, however, that this rocket will not be ready in time, which means Clipper might have to ride on a smaller commercial rocket. Such a change would require altering the law—something easier said than done—and would also add a delay, as the heavy-lift SLS would be able to send the spacecraft on a direct, 28-month flight to Jupiter. SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket, a backup commercial option, is not powerful enough for such a trajectory and would require a six-year tour of the solar system to deliver Clipper to its target.

    THE BENEFACTOR

    Another challenge for Clipper is the recent loss of its benefactor in Congress. As chair of the Commerce, Justice, and Science appropriations subcommittee of the House of Representatives, John Culberson, the former Texas Republican representative, proved to be Europa’s protector. Unlike every other mission in NASA’s portfolio, he put Clipper not in “report language” that accompanies an appropriations bill (but is not legally binding), but rather, for several years now, into the actual bill. Accordingly, he has been known to boast, by federal law Clipper and Europa Lander (a follow-on mission that would use Clipper data to touch down on the surface and dig around for evidence of life) are the only two missions that it is illegal for NASA not to fly.

    When Culberson was defeated for reelection last year, things looked grim. He still had a few tricks up his sleeve, however. “Before I left,” he says, “I won the support of a number of my House colleagues to be sure that they would protect those missions.” And tying Clipper to SLS should help. The rocket is being built in Alabama, home of the powerful chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee, as well as the ranking member of the House appropriations subcommittee responsible for NASA. Those representatives have a vested interest in keeping SLS alive and giving it something to do. Clipper will be ready to launch long before any other payloads for the rocket, such as major missions to the moon or Mars.

    In the fiscal year 2019 budget that passed Congress, Culberson directed $545 million to Clipper—enough to get the project over its peak funding year, keeping the team on track for an on-time launch. Moreover, because Congress in recent years has passed continuing resolutions in lieu of full budgets, the record $2.8 billion planetary science allocation will likely remain in force beyond 2019.

    After the April design review, Clipper will likely enter the final design and fabrication phase in August. If all goes well, it will lift its first inch from the launchpad in 2023.

    https://www.scientificamerican.com/ }

    28-03-2019 om 23:56 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Ocean heat waves like the Pacific’s deadly ‘Blob’ could become the new normal

    A fin whale found on an Alaskan beach in 2015 might have been among the victims of The Blob.

    BREE WITTEVEEN

    Ocean heat waves like the Pacific’s deadly ‘Blob’ could become the new normal

    When marine biologist Steve Barbeaux first saw the data in late 2017, he thought it was the result of a computer glitch. How else could more than 100 million Pacific cod suddenly vanish from the waters off of southern Alaska?

    Within hours, however, Barbeaux's colleagues at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Seattle, Washington, had confirmed the numbers. No glitch. The data, collected by research trawlers, indicated cod numbers had plunged by 70% in 2 years, essentially erasing a fishery worth $100 million annually. There was no evidence that the fish had simply moved elsewhere. And as the vast scale of the disappearance became clear, a prime suspect emerged: "The Blob."

    In late 2013, a huge patch of unusually warm ocean water, roughly one-third the size of the contiguous United States, formed in the Gulf of Alaska and began to spread. A few months later, Nick Bond, a climate scientist at the University of Washington in Seattle, dubbed it The Blob. The name, with its echo of a 1958 horror film about an alien life form that keeps growing as it consumes everything in its path, quickly caught on. By the summer of 2015, The Blob had more than doubled in size, stretching across more than 4 million square kilometers of ocean, from Mexico's Baja California Peninsula to Alaska's Aleutian Islands. Water temperatures reached 2.5°C above normal in many places.

    By late 2016, the marine heat wave had crashed across ecosystems all along North America's western coast, reshuffling food chains and wreaking havoc. Unusual blooms of toxic algae appeared, as did sea creatures typically found closer to the tropics (see sidebar). Small fish and crustaceans hunted by larger animals vanished. The carcasses of tens of thousands of seabirds littered beaches. Whales failed to arrive in their usual summer waters. Then the cod disappeared.

    The fish "basically ran out of food," Barbeaux now believes. Once, he didn't think a food shortage would have much effect on adult cod, which, like camels, can harbor energy and go months without eating. But now, it is "something we look at and go: ‘Huh, that can happen.’"

    Today, 5 years after The Blob appeared, the waters it once gripped have cooled, although fish, bird, and whale numbers have yet to recover. Climate scientists and marine biologists, meanwhile, are still putting together the story of what triggered the event, and how it reverberated through ecosystems. Their interest is not just historical.

    Around the world, shifting climate and ocean circulation patterns are causing huge patches of unusually warm water to become more common, researchers have found. Already, ominous new warm patches are emerging in the North Pacific Ocean and elsewhere, and researchers are applying what they've learned from The Blob to help guide predictions of how future marine heat waves might unfold. If global warming isn't curbed, scientists warn that the heat waves will become more frequent, larger, more intense, and longerlasting. By the end of the century, Bond says, "The ocean is going to be a much different place."

    The Blob begins

    Even as ominous headlines warned of what National Geographic dubbed "The blob that cooked the Pacific," researchers scrambled to decipher what was happening. They consulted satellite readings; crisscrossed the Pacific on research ships, sometimes dredging the depths with nets; picked through the carcasses of birds and whales; and huddled over microscopes and lab aquariums.

    The Blob was spawned, experts say, by a long-lasting atmospheric ridge of high pressure that formed over the Gulf of Alaska in the fall of 2013. The ridge helped squelch fierce winter storms that typically sweep the gulf. That dampened the churning winds that usually bring colder, deeper water to the surface, as well as transfer heat from the ocean to the atmosphere—much like a bowl of hot soup cooling as a diner blows across it. As a result, the gulf remained unusually warm through the following year.

    But it took a convergence of other forces to transform The Blob into a monster. In the winter of 2014–15, winds from the south brought warmer air into the gulf, keeping sea temperatures high. Those winds also pushed warm water closer to the coasts of Oregon and Washington. Then, later in 2015 and in 2016, the periodic warming of the central Pacific known as El Niño added more warmth, fueling The Blob's growth. The heat wave finally broke when La Niña—El Niño's cool opposite number—arrived at the end of 2016, bringing storms that stirred and cooled the ocean.

    Satellites and instrumented buoys made it relatively easy for scientists to track The Blob's bloom and fade. But the vast sweep of its ecological impact was harder to see.

    That story starts with some of the ocean's tiniest inhabitants, which sit at the base of the marine food chain. In the Gulf of Alaska, phytoplankton blooms shrank during the warm years, a trend scientists trace to a lack of the nutrients that the winds usually churn to the surface with colder, deeper water. The decline in phytoplankton appears to have rippled out to copepods—fat-rich crustaceans the size of a sesame seed—that feed on the algae, says Russell Hopcroft, a zooplankton ecologist at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks. During Blob years, the copepods grew leaner at the same time as phytoplankton ebbed and water temperatures climbed, he says. When warmer water moved north to Alaska, it also carried in different, less nutritious copepod species.

    By early 2015, the unusually warm water known as The Blob covered a vast swath of the Pacific Ocean.

    GENTEMANN, C., ET ALGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 44.1, 312, (2017)

    Krill—tiny shrimp that, like copepods, are a key food for many fish—felt the heat, too. In 2015 and 2016, as The Blob engulfed the coasts of Washington and Oregon, the heat-sensitive creatures vanished from biologists' nets.

    As the base of the food chain crumbled, the effects propagated upward. One link higher, swarms of small fish that dine on copepods and krill—and in turn become food for larger animals—also became scarce as warm waters spread. On a remote island in the northern gulf, where scientists have tracked seabird diets for decades, they noticed that capelin and sand lance, staples for many bird species, nearly vanished from the birds' meals. In 2015, by one estimate, the populations of most key forage fish in the gulf fell to less than 50% of the average over the previous 9 years.

    Of the fish that remained, some offered little nourishment. Sand lance caught in 2016 were so stunted that Yumi Arimitsu, a fisheries ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Juneau, thought she was holding fish that had recently hatched. But a check of their ear bones showed they were a year old. The fish had so little fat that each one provided just a tenth of the energy content of one average fish from other years.

    Finger-length juvenile cod that spend their first summer feeding in the gulf 's shallow waters also disappeared. In 2014, when NOAA researchers on an annual survey cast their nets into two bays off Kodiak Island in Alaska, they came up almost empty. There were "no fish around," recalls Ben Laurel, a NOAA fisheries ecologist based at the agency's lab in Newport, Oregon. "There's just this big hole."

    Even as these food stocks declined, the warmer water delivered a second blow to the cold-blooded creatures there, from copepods to adult cod. The heat dialed up the metabolism of the animals, forcing them to eat more to keep their bodies fueled—just as prey became scarcer.

    Barbeaux thinks that one-two punch is what did in Pacific cod, gray-flanked fish that can grow to more than a meter. After his initial shock at discovering the 2017 cod crash, he started to assemble a picture of a creeping underwater famine. Looking back, researchers noticed adult cod caught in 2015 and 2016 were skinnier than normal. The stomachs of cod caught in 2015 were half-empty compared with boom years, and contained few energy-rich capelin and tanner crabs.

    Despite their ability to go months without eating, the cod could not withstand this double whammy. Computer simulations developed by federal scientists suggest that, as warm waters lingered, the fish ran a deep caloric deficit. Barbeaux suspects the weakened fish became more vulnerable to disease and predators, such as salmon sharks.

    A wave of death

    The cod's demise wasn't easily observed. But other changes occurring in the ocean's depths became visible in sudden, morbid convulsions on beaches and in bays. In late 2014, thousands of starved Cassin's auklet seabirds began to wash ashore in Washington and Oregon. On New Year's Day 2016, a retired bird biologist in Whittier, Alaska, stumbled across the white and gray bodies of 8000 common murres lining a beach, like so many abandoned buoys. In the following days, people found the normally hardy seabirds—known for their ability to fly hundreds of kilometers in a day to find fish—dead and dying across much of southern Alaska. They piled up on beaches and staggered along highways like little zombies. As many as half a million died, scientists estimate.

    Then there were the disappearing whales. In the summer of 2015, 2 years into The Blob, just 166 humpback whales returned to Alaska's Glacier Bay from their winter calving grounds near Hawaii and Mexico, a 30% drop from 2013. All the humpback calves seen in Glacier Bay that year disappeared later and are presumed dead. And the bodies of 28 humpback and 17 finback whales washed up on beaches in Alaska and British Columbia in Canada.

    It’s getting warm in here

    The portion of the world’s oceans experiencing moderate to extreme marine heat waves has been growing since the 1980s.

    19820.000.250.500.751.00198619901994199820022006201020142016Percent of total ocean areaYearExtreme-severeStrongModerateNo warming0.050.12
    (GRAPHIC) V. ALTOUNIAN/SCIENCE; (DATA) HOBDAY ET AL.OCEANOGRAPHY, 31 (2), 2018

    Toxic algae blooms that stretched along much of the west coast in 2015 might have played a role in the seabird and whale deaths. But some of the animals might have simply starved because competing predators had vacuumed up available forage fish. The seabird die-off, for example, peaked in the winter of 2015–16, just as warmer waters would have revved up the appetites of fish like cod, notes John Piatt, a USGS marine ecologist based in Port Townsend, Washington. "If murres and whales are dying en masse everywhere, what does it tell you?" Piatt asks. "That there's no food anywhere."

    Researchers are still puzzling over many Blob mysteries. Even as common murres suffered, for example, tufted puffins that feed on the same fish showed few problems, notes Heather Renner, a wildlife biologist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Homer, Alaska. And although the cod story seems to fit together neatly, there are still unknowns, such as exactly how warmer water temperatures affected baby cod. Laurel hopes some answers will emerge from ongoing laboratory experiments that involve raising young cod in aquariums with different water temperatures. The findings could help illuminate how tiny temperature shifts influence growth and survival, particularly during crucial winter months when the fish live largely on fat reserves.

    Other clues could come from the bodies of baby cod that researchers have collected from Kodiak Island beaches every year since 2006, then packed into lab freezers. Laurel has long wanted to study the collection to see how climate, ocean conditions, and diet shape development. Now, the urgency of understanding The Blob has unlocked money for that work.

    Lingering signs

    Although the blob has dissipated, its impact lingers. Of five common murre colonies in the gulf surveyed in 2018, only two seem to be breeding at normal levels. Just 99 humpback whales returned to Glacier Bay last year, with only one new calf in tow, far below the 3-decade average of more than eight calves per year. Cod numbers this year are projected to be even lower than they were last year. That means more tough times for cod fishers. Federal officials cut the allowable catch by 80% after the 2017 collapse, and the 2019 limits are even lower.

    But a recovery may be in the offing. With cooler waters, tiny cod filled the bays at Kodiak Island in the summer of 2018. Larger, high-fat copepods showed an uptick, as did forage fish. Seabirds have resumed breeding in some places. Krill have rebounded off the west coast. "It indicates that to some extent the ecosystem is able to restabilize once [more typical] conditions return," says Janet Duffy-Anderson, a NOAA fisheries ecologist based in Seattle.

    Now, scientists are ramping up efforts to study similar firestorms that are gathering strength in other corners of the ocean. Warmer temperatures are threatening corals in the Red Sea, kelp forests in southern Australia, and fisheries off the coasts of New England and eastern Canada. Rising temperatures are also affecting ecosystems near New Zealand, the Mediterranean, and the coast of Argentina. In northern Australia, record air temperatures late last year sparked warnings of more damage to the Great Barrier Reef. Back-to-back marine heat waves in 2016 and 2017 are estimated to have killed half the reefs there.

    "Marine heat wave" became a common part of scientific parlance in just the past decade. Now, research on the waves "is kind of taking off," says Eric Oliver, a physical oceanographer and marine heat wave expert at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada. In 2016, he and a group of Australian, U.K., and U.S. scientists moved to give the field some common metrics by proposing that a marine heat wave be defined as a string of five or more days in which ocean water temperatures are in the top 10% compared with the previous 3 decades. Last year, recognizing that ocean warming might soon get public attention like other natural disasters, some of the same scientists suggested ranking their severity much like hurricanes, ranging from Category I to Category IV. They also proposed naming marine heat waves based on their location and year—so The Blob might have been called Northeast Pacific 2013.

    Each heat wave has its own constellation of causes. But there is one common and increasingly potent factor, researchers say. As oceans soak up more heat from a warming planet, heat waves are becoming more common and more intense. The number of days with a marine heat wave somewhere on the globe has doubled since 1982, according to a 2018 study by Swiss scientists published in Nature. Those researchers warned that, if warming continues on the current trajectory, marine heat waves will become 41 times more frequent by the end of the century. They will also be longer and bigger. Heat waves would typically last more than 100 days, with maximum temperatures 2.5°C above average. The western tropical Pacific and Arctic oceans would be the hardest hit. The changes, the authors wrote, would probably push "marine organisms and ecosystems to the limits of their resilience."

    That scenario fits with what Bond foresees for the northeast Pacific. The climate and ocean models he uses produce sobering scenarios. By 2050, without major curbs on planetary warming, average ocean temperatures in that region will likely be between 1°C and 2°C above historic levels—meaning Blob-like temperatures will become typical. As a result, Bond says, "When we have a marine heat wave in 2050, it's going to be way out there—in the uncharted territory."

    Other tastes of that future might be just around the corner. Even as researchers close the book on The Blob, they are keeping a close watch on new heat waves off Alaska. In the winter of 2017–18 the northern Bering Sea was devoid of ice for the first time on record. And last summer, a warming trend that started in 2014 turned feverish. Water temperatures in the Bering Sea, where walleye pollock support one of the world's biggest fisheries, hit 4°C above normal in some regions. Already, the heat appears to be having an impact. Late last year, researchers found that numbers of fatty copepods—a favorite of young pollock—were 90% below average. The big question is what impact the copepod shortage will have on fish trying to survive their first winter, Duffy-Anderson says. That won't be known until later this year.

    Meanwhile, in the Gulf of Alaska, calm, warm weather this past fall has spawned a new patch of unusually warm water, one that is eerily like the baby Blob. In October 2018, Barbeaux logged into Facebook to share a news story warning The Blob might have a sequel. His comment succinctly captured what many scientists are thinking as they probe the effects of the last heat wave: "Oh, crap."

    • *Correction, 11 February, 3:05 p.m.: The credit for the image of Earth’s temperatures has bee updated. 


    28-03-2019 om 23:39 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Onderwaterhittegolven: ook de oceaan kreunt onder toename tropische dagen

    Onderwaterhittegolven: ook de oceaan kreunt onder toename tropische dagen

    Onderwaterhittegolven? Wij hadden de term zelf nog nooit gehoord, terwijl het natuurlijk de logica zelf is. Want waarom zou de opwarming van de aarde zich ook niet manifesteren onder de zeespiegel? Misschien zelfs nog significanter dan aan land, geven twee recente studies aan.

    Onderwater is er sprake van een hittegolf wanneer, vergelijkbaar met op het vasteland, de maximumtemperatuur vijf dagen op een rij significant hoger ligt dan normaal. ‘Normaal’ varieert dan, ook net zoals aan land, van watermassa tot watermassa.

    Eerst wees een onderzoek onder leiding van kwantitatief ecoloog Christopher M. Free (Rutgers University) in Science op een afname van het visbestand met 4% tussen 1930 en 2010, als gevolg van de klimaatopwarming. Kort daarna stelde de meest uitgebreide studie van maritieme hittegolven tot nu toe een forse toename vast van zowel het aantal consistente temperatuurpieken als hun heftigheid.

    Het meest indicatieve cijfer uit de publicatie in Nature Climate Change: het aantal hittedagen onder de oceaanspiegels lag tussen 1987 en 2016 maar liefst 54% hoger dan in de periode 1925-1954. Het meest sprekende voorbeeld dat onderzoeksleider en benthisch bioloog Dan Smale (Marine Biological Association) aanhaalt, is ‘The Blob’.

    Die ‘Klodder’ is een gigantische massa veel te warm water voor de Amerikaanse Westkust die zich op haar voorlopige hoogtepunt in de periode 2014-2016 uitstrekte over zo’n 5,6 miljoen vierkante kilometer. Van Mexico tot Alaska, om dat op zich misschien abstract grote cijfer hallucinant tastbaar te maken.

    https://www.eoswetenschap.eu/ }

    28-03-2019 om 23:10 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Rivieren op Mars recenter dan gedacht en dubbel zo breed als die op aarde

    Rivieren op Mars recenter dan gedacht en dubbel zo breed als die op aarde - HLN.be

    Bron: Science Advances

    Een meanderende bedding van een oude rivier op Mars. De foto werd ingekleurd om hoogteverschillen aan te duiden: blauw is laag, geel is hoog.

     NASA
    Een meanderende bedding van een oude rivier op Mars. De foto werd ingekleurd om hoogteverschillen aan te duiden: blauw is laag, geel is hoog.
     Mars is vandaag koud en droog, met een ijle atmosfeer. Maar ooit - en minder lang geleden dan gedacht - stroomden er grote, woeste rivieren op de rode planeet. Ze waren dubbel zo breed als de rivieren op aarde, ontdekten wetenschappers van de universiteit van Chicago.

    De conclusies maken het niet makkelijker voor onderzoekers die Mars’ drastische transitie van de natte naar de droge periode bestuderen. Die zou tot later in de geschiedenis van de planeet hebben geduurd dan tot nu toe gedacht. Met andere woorden: er was tot minder lang geleden dan gedacht water op Mars, tot het allerlaatste moment van de natte periode. Tussen 3,6 en 1 miljard jaar geleden stroomde dagelijks 3 tot 20 kg water per vierkante meter door de rivierbeddingen over de hele planeet verspreid. De nieuwe studie schat het nu op 1 miljard jaar geleden en zelfs nog later. Of: minstens 1 miljard jaar recenter dan vorige berekeningen.

    Edwin Kite en zijn team onderzochten meer dan 200 oude, al lang opgedroogde rivierbeddingen op Mars aan de hand van foto’s gemaakt met NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), die rond de planeet cirkelt. De diepe geulen op de foto’s bevatten informatie over het water dat er ooit doorstroomde en over de klimatologische omstandigheden waarin dat gebeurde. De grootte van de beddingen wijst op een continue eerder dan op een tijdelijke waterstroom enkel ’s middags. 

     AP

    De gemiddelde dagtemperaturen lagen dus boven het vriespunt, wat dan weer een sterk broeikaseffect suggereert. “Maar dat wordt niet gestaafd door de bestaande modellen van Mars’ klimaatveranderingen”, zegt de studie. De atmosfeer van Mars was vroeger zo dik dat er maar een derde van zonnestralen die wij nu op de aarde ontvangen doorkwam. Onvoldoende voor vloeibaar water.

    Als de vooropgestelde periodes van stromende rivieren op Mars kloppen, dan zou dat kunnen betekenen dat de atmosfeer van de rode planeet sneller verdween dan eerder werd gedacht. Uit vorige studies bleek dat de verdunning 4 miljard jaar geleden zou zijn ingezet en zo zou hebben geleid tot het geleidelijk uitdrogen van de rivieren. De nieuwe studie plaatst dat uitdunnen van de Martiaanse atmosfeer nu miljarden jaren later.

    Kite schuift nog een andere optie naar voren: mogelijk versprong het klimaat op Mars herhaaldelijk als een op/aan-knop van droge naar natte periodes.

    https://www.hln.be/ }

    28-03-2019 om 22:36 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:HLN.be - Het Laatste Nieuws ( NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Poolse oud-president Walesa zorgt voor verrassing met uitspraken over aliens. Zijn er andere intelligente beschavingen geweest op aarde?
    Poolse oud-president Walesa zorgt voor verrassing met uitspraken over aliens. Zijn er andere intelligente beschavingen geweest op aarde?
    Foto: Sicherlich Wikimedia Commons

    Poolse oud-president Walesa zorgt voor verrassing met uitspraken over aliens. Zijn er andere intelligente beschavingen geweest op aarde?

    De Poolse oud-president Lech Walesa heeft voor verrassing gezorgd door in het openbaar te spreken over UFO’s en buitenaardsen.

    Walesa, die tussen 1990 en 1995 president was, deed zijn uitspraken tijdens een bijeenkomst in de stad Krosno.

    De gepensioneerde politicus, die eerder voor de geheime dienst werkte, zei te geloven dat intelligente buitenaardsen bestaan en een bedreiging kunnen vormen voor de aarde, schrijft website NaTemat.pl.

    Drie verschillende niveaus

    Walesa zei dat er drie verschillende niveaus van intellectuele ontwikkeling zijn in sterrenstelsels en dat de mens zich op het laagste niveau bevindt.

    “Als we ingaan tegen de buitenaardsen hakken ze ons in de pan. De aarde zal vergaan,” zei hij, toevoegende dat we dan weer van voren af aan moeten beginnen.

    Vier of vijf keer

    Walesa suggereerde dat dergelijke scenario’s zich al eens hebben afgespeeld op aarde. “Men zegt dat er vier of vijf keer een beschaving was zoals de onze en dat zij dezelfde fouten hebben gemaakt die wij nu maken – ze konden niet communiceren,” klonk het.

    Hij wees op verschillende archeologische mysteries, waaronder de piramides, als mogelijk bewijs voor hoogontwikkelde menselijke rassen die in een ver verleden zijn uitgeroeid.

    YouTube

    “We hebben geen idee waar ze vandaan komen!” zei hij over de piramides.

    De voormalige president zegt zijn informatie vooral van YouTube te halen.

    [NaTemat.pl]
    © Copyright (c) NineForNews.nl

    28-03-2019 om 22:15 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:NineForNews. nl ( new ipv NIBURU.nl) (NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.“Volkomen glad omhulsel van een schip.” Beroemdste UFO-hacker aller tijden geeft voor het eerst in jaren een interview: bekijk het hier
    "Volkomen glad omhulsel van een schip." Beroemdste UFO-hacker aller tijden geeft voor het eerst in jaren een interview

    Volkomen glad omhulsel van een schip.” Beroemdste UFO-hacker aller tijden geeft voor het eerst in jaren een interview: bekijk het hier

    De Brit Gary McKinnon is de beroemdste UFO-hacker aller tijden. Hij werd in 2002 gearresteerd en dreigde uitgeleverd te worden aan de Verenigde Staten.

    McKinnon stuitte op bewijs voor een geheim ruimteprogramma en verwijzingen naar ‘niet-aardse officieren’.

    Hij ontdekte ook dat er schepen werden bevoorraad die officieel niet bestonden.

    Majestic 12

    De schepen die onderdeel uitmaakten van de vloot waren voorzien van namen, maar op internet kon de hacker daar niets over vinden.

    Enkele namen van de schepen hadden betrekking op leden van Majestic 12, een verondersteld geheim genootschap.

    Ongefilterd

    Hij opende daarnaast een foto van een glad, sigaarvormig schip die in de ruimte was gemaakt.

    De foto stond op een computer van de NASA en was opgeslagen in een map genaamd ‘ongefilterd’.

    Straf

    Gary praat met onderzoeker Richard Dolan over de straf die de Amerikaanse overheid hem wilde opleggen, zijn depressie, suïcidale gedachten en nog veel meer.

    Bekijk het interview hieronder:

    [Richard Dolan]
    © Copyright (c) NineForNews.nl

    28-03-2019 om 22:06 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:NineForNews. nl ( new ipv NIBURU.nl) (NL)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Reptilians on Earth: The Secret 70,000 Year Old History

    Reptilians on Earth: The Secret 70,000 Year Old History

    There is evidence from as far back as 70000 BC, in Africa, of a serpent race living on Earth. There is an inter-dimensional aspect to this phenomena, considering space is very quiet, they must be getting here another way, maybe through portals.

    There are certain ways these doorways can be opened, humans were the ones opening these doorways 7000 years ago. Are the pyramids a portal?

    What were our ancestors doing and what about the reptilians connection to gold? What is the value of this gold, as Barry Fitzgerald explains, its more to do with mono-atomic elements.

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    28-03-2019 om 21:48 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ALIEN LIFE ( FR. , NL; E )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.New Insider Reveals His Incredible Experience Within the Secret Space Program

    New Insider Reveals His Incredible Experiences Within the Secret Space Program

    This refers to an existing organization known as the “Secret Space Program”. Jason Rice, has provided a disclosure of that program, what he revealed means that the Secret Space Program is not a secret any more.

    Jason Rice was a member of a Secret Space Program. He has stated that he is coming forward now to disclose that there are thousands of other people who are also involved with this program that is known as “20 and Back”.

    He feels that the stories of some who gave their lives for humanity and have not come back need to be told.

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    28-03-2019 om 21:32 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Before it's news (ENG.)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Hubble Sees Spun-Up Asteroid Coming Apart

    Hubble Sees Spun-Up Asteroid Coming Apart

    A small asteroid has been caught in the process of spinning so fast it’s throwing off material, according to new data from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and other observatories.

    Images from Hubble show two narrow, comet-like tails of dusty debris streaming from the asteroid (6478) Gault. Each tail represents an episode in which the asteroid gently shed its material — key evidence that Gault is beginning to come apart.

    Hubble captures rare active asteroid

    The asteroid 6478 Gault is seen with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, showing two narrow, comet-like tails of debris that tell us that the asteroid is slowly undergoing self-destruction. The bright streaks surrounding the asteroid are background stars. The Gault asteroid is located 214 million miles from the Sun, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Credit: NASA, ESA, K. Meech and J. Kleyna (University of Hawaii), O. Hainaut

    (European Southern Observatory)

    Discovered in 1988, the 2.5-mile-wide (4-kilometer-wide) asteroid has been observed repeatedly, but the debris tails are the first evidence of disintegration. Gault is located 214 million miles (344 million kilometers) from the Sun. Of the roughly 800,000 known asteroids between Mars and Jupiter, astronomers estimate that this type of event in the asteroid belt is rare, occurring roughly once a year.

    Watching an asteroid become unglued gives astronomers the opportunity to study the makeup of these space rocks without sending a spacecraft to sample them.

    This Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the gradual self-destruction of an asteroid, whose ejected dusty material has formed two long, thin, comet-like tails. The longer tail stretches more than 500,000 miles (800,000 kilometers) and is roughly 3,000 miles (4,800 kilometers) wide. The shorter tail is about a quarter as long. The streamers will eventually disperse into space.


    Credits: NASA, ESA, K. Meech and J. Kleyna (University of Hawaii), and O. Hainaut (European Southern Observatory)

    “We didn’t have to go to Gault,” explained Olivier Hainaut of the European Southern Observatory in Germany, a member of the Gault observing team. “We just had to look at the image of the streamers, and we can see all of the dust grains well-sorted by size. All the large grains (about the size of sand particles) are close to the object and the smallest grains (about the size of flour grains) are the farthest away because they are being pushed fastest by pressure from sunlight.”

    Gault is only the second asteroid whose disintegration has been strongly linked to a process known as a YORP effect. (YORP stands for “Yarkovsky–O’Keefe–Radzievskii–Paddack,” the names of four scientists who contributed to the concept.) When sunlight heats an asteroid, infrared radiation escaping from its warmed surface carries off angular momentum as well as heat. This process creates a tiny torque that can cause the asteroid to continually spin faster. When the resulting centrifugal force starts to overcome gravity, the asteroid’s surface becomes unstable, and landslides may send dust and rubble drifting into space at a couple miles per hour, or the speed of a strolling human. The researchers estimate that Gault could have been slowly spinning up for more than 100 million years.

    Piecing together Gault’s recent activity is an astronomical forensics investigation involving telescopes and astronomers around the world. All-sky surveys, ground-based telescopes, and space-based facilities like the Hubble Space Telescope pooled their efforts to make this discovery possible.

    The initial clue was the fortuitous detection of the first debris tail, observed on Jan. 5, 2019, by the NASA-funded Asteroid Terrestrial-Impact Last Alert System (ATLAS) telescope in Hawaii. The tail also turned up in archival data from December 2018 from ATLAS and the Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS) telescopes in Hawaii. In mid-January, a second shorter tail was spied by the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope in Hawaii and the Isaac Newton Telescope in Spain, as well as by other observers. An analysis of both tails suggests the two dust events occurred around Oct. 28 and Dec. 30, 2018.

    Follow-up observations with the William Herschel Telescope and ESA’s (European Space Agency) Optical Ground Station in La Palma and Tenerife, Spain, and the Himalayan Chandra Telescope in India measured a two-hour rotation period for the object, close to the critical speed at which a loose “rubble-pile” asteroid begins to break up.

    “Gault is the best ‘smoking gun’ example of a fast rotator right at the two-hour limit,” said team member Jan Kleyna of the University of Hawaii in Honolulu.

    An analysis of the asteroid’s surrounding environment by Hubble revealed no signs of more widely distributed debris, which rules out the possibility of a collision with another asteroid causing the outbursts.

    The asteroid’s narrow streamers suggest that the dust was released in short bursts, lasting anywhere from a few hours to a few days. These sudden events puffed away enough debris to make a “dirt ball” approximately 500 feet (150 meters) across if compacted together. The tails will begin fading away in a few months as the dust disperses into interplanetary space.

    Based on observations by the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope, the astronomers estimate that the longer tail stretches over half a million miles (800,000 kilometers) and is roughly 3,000 miles (4,800 kilometers) wide. The shorter tail is about a quarter as long.

    Only a couple of dozen active asteroids have been found so far. Astronomers may now have the capability to detect many more of them because of the enhanced survey capabilities of observatories such as Pan-STARRS and ATLAS, which scan the entire sky. “Asteroids such as Gault cannot escape detection anymore,” Hainaut said. “That means that all these asteroids that start misbehaving get caught.”

    The researchers hope to monitor Gault for more dust events.

    The team’s results have been accepted for publication by The Astrophysical Journal Letters.

    The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between NASA and ESA (European Space Agency). NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, manages the telescope. The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, Maryland, conducts Hubble science operations. STScI is operated for NASA by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy in Washington, D.C.


    Contacts and sources:

    • Donna Weaver / Ray Villard
      Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md.
    • Claire Andreoli
    NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

    Source

    https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/ }

    28-03-2019 om 21:24 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Former Polish Leader Lech Walesa Believes in UFOs and Warns of an ET Invasion

    Former Polish Leader Lech Walesa Believes in UFOs and Warns of an ET Invasion

    When a current or former world leader professes a belief in UFOs, the public ponders about their sanity and about what they might really know concerning the cause of unidentified flying objects. When that world leader also warns about potentially catastrophic extraterrestrial invasions, ears and antennas both go up. That was the case last week in Poland, when former Polish president and head of the Solidarity movement Lech Walesa pontificated on UFOs, aliens and their role in the potential demise of Earth as we know it.

    Lech Walesa

    “There are three levels of intellectual development on other galaxies. We are the lowest. And the higher civilization comes as a UFO and others, and looks at what they are doing here. If we threaten to destabilize here with Macron, Putin there, they will interrupt us, cut us in half, the Earth will collapse, everyone will crush.”

    Multiple Polish media sources reported on a speech Walesa made to a civic club in Krosno, an ancient city in southwestern Poland. While not there to talk about UFOs, Lech wandered off the script (as world leaders seem to do a lot these days) and worked UFOs and “higher civilizations” into the conversation. While he doesn’t seem to have spoken publicly about his belief in UFOs and aliens, his comments suggest he’s of the opinion that they’re the type that’s observing us without interference (the ‘zoo’ theory) but will move in if they feel the need. Then he warns that actions by current politicians (French president Emmanuel Macron and Russian president Vladimir Putin) could trigger just such a decision by a higher civilization of watchers. Walesa believes their interference would not be benevolent and the consequences would be long-lasting. (If you understand Polish, you can watch the entire speech here. The UFO comments begin at 1h 04m 56 sec.)

    “(The higher civilization (can hold us that way for five thousand years. They will send Adam and Eve and we will build the world again.”

    It also appears from his comments that Walesa at least considers the possibility that an alien civilization has interfered with humans before.

    “People find things, dig in stones, these pyramids … no answer, where did it come from?”

    Why didn’t the higher civilization interfere with this?

    Does Lech Walesa know something we don’t? While there’s no indication that he himself has had a UFO or alien encounter, Poland has had a number of them. The most famous is the so-called Emilcin incident in 1978 when a farmer from that eastern Polish town allegedly met olive-skinned aliens who took him onboard their ship. Polish UFO researcher and author Piotr Cielebiaś says there were plenty of reports of alien encounters by military pilots until Poland joined NATO in 1999. Walesa was president from December 1990 to December 1995 so he undoubtedly was aware of these reports.

    Why did Lech Walesa feel the need to talk about UFOs and extraterrestrial invasions now? What does he REALLY know?

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    28-03-2019 om 20:57 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Mystery Booms Continue Around the US and Nobody Knows Why

    Strange Sounds and mysterious booms are increasing again rattling homes around the world in January 2019… And nobody seems to know why!

    Mystery Booms Continue Around the US and Nobody Knows Why

    Another month has passed, and the mystery boom phenomenon continues without a definitive explanation. Throughout March, several incidents of unexplained explosion noises have added to the already large and still growing body of evidence suggesting either an unknown natural occurrence or some type of unidentified man made activity is leading to these loud, powerful, and anomalous noises. I’ve collected hundreds of reports of these mystery booms over the past few years in an attempt to discover what may be behind the phenomenon, but so far an explanation remains elusive. Are these separate events actually related? And why aren’t they receiving more attention?

    On March 7, residents of Block Island in the U.S. state of Rhode Island were rattled by what was described as an “unexplained boom” early in the morning of Friday, March 1. Sound familiar? Some Block Islanders reported the noise was so loud that they thought something could have exploded inside of their own homes. While scores of residents reported being terrified by the noise, The Block Island Times reports that theories put forth on local social media sites “were mostly whimsical,” with most eyewitnesses choosing to crack jokes about the sky-splitting noise. As has been noted throughout ufology circles for years, joking about something being “aliens” is a great way to discredit those who take the phenomenon seriously. Could someone be leveraging social media to actively discourage serious research into mystery booms?

    A few days later on March 6, another eerily familiar boom shook the northern Outer Banks off the coast of North Carolina. The U.S. Geographical Survey said the event was not an earthquake, while meteorologists with the National Weather Service reported that there were no weather conditions that could explain the boom. According to the Coastal Review Online, the boom was heard over a broad area, making it unlikely that a singular sonic boom from an aircraft overhead could have caused it. As in many other cases, some type of unknown atmospheric temperature inversion was cited as a possible cause, although there is little hard evidence to support that speculation.

    The next day on March 8, another mysterious boom described as a “loud explosion” was heard throughout Liberty, Ohio. “You could feel it like a shock wave,” one Liberty resident told emergency dispatchers after calling 911. “It knocked me out of bed.” Fire crews at the Liberty Fire Station also felt the boom, reporting that the entire fire station shook. So far, the cause of the boom has not been found.

    No further booms were reported until March 22, when several cities near Birmingham, Alabama were rattled by a massive explosion in the sky. Like in North Carolina, the U.S. Geological Survey and National Weather Service were baffled. The typical hypotheses were put forward, after which the story was buried by the news cycle as in so many other cases.

    In Sacracmento, California, residents of Fair Oaks reportthey’ve have been shaken from their beds at night in recent months by powerful, unexplained booms strong enough to set off car alarms. With no official explanation, people are throwing around all sorts of theories including weather phenomena and secret SpaceX launches. Meanwhile, local police believe the booms are being caused by illegal fireworks.

    On March 26, a loud boom shook southern Idaho, the latest in a recent spate of similar booms. According to local radio station KEZJ, the booms are being caused by munitions testing at the nearby Mountain Home Air Force Base.

    Also on March 26, North Carolina experienced another mysterious event, but this time whatever happened was powerful enough to register on seismographs. Several counties in the Piedmont Triad area of North Carolina were rattled by an eerily familiar boom. “I’ll tell you right now, that was the loudest — it shook the whole damn house partner,” one frightened caller told police dispatchers as emergency services in the area were inundated with calls about the boom.

    Shortly thereafter, the USGS reported recording two separate 2.6-magnitude earthquakes throughout the state, one of which was not far from the site of several other mysterious booms heard throughout 2018 for which conflicting explanations were offered. While this most recent boom could possibly be explained by seismic activity, there is always the possibility that whatever caused the boom wasn’t an earthquake per se but was powerful enough to rattle the ground and register on seismographs.

    hypersonic weapons

    Many aerospace agencies and military branches have been researching hypersonic craft and weapons over the last several years. Could they have anything to do with the phenomenon?

    While I normally wouldn’t jump to conclusions without evidence, the spate of other similar events in recent weeks makes this earthquake explanation seem incomplete to me. Then again, sometimes I feel like I’m going crazy, seeing things in the cracks between seemingly disparate news stories and trends which may not really be there. Whatever the case may be, I and other Mysterious Universe writers have been tracking these reports week after week for years, and we’re not alone. Many readers have reached out to me in recent months with their own experiences with mystery booms or their own theories on the phenomenon. Are these incidents in fact related, or could many separate phenomena or forces be causing these booms? If that’s the case, why are so many reports so similar, and why are they occurring with such frequency lately?

    So many questions. Are unknown seismic events violently rattling the Earth, or could unknown aircraft be wantonly breaking the sound barrier over residential areas? Is an unknown atmospheric or meteorological forces causing ‘skyquakes’ or other anomalous disturbances, or could industrial operations be to blame? Meteors? Psychological warfare? Aliens? Anybody’s guess is as good as anyone else’s at this point (but it’s likely not aliens).

    Someone, somewhere has to know something. Right?

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    28-03-2019 om 20:36 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:MYSTERIES ( Fr, Nl, E)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Why Are Extinct Species Suddenly Returning?

    De bronafbeelding bekijken

    Why Are Extinct Species Suddenly Returning?

    Several extinct species have been recently rediscovered and many people are wondering why this is happening. In less than a two-week period, between February 21st and March 4th of this year, three species were rediscovered – the Fernandina Island Galápagos tortoise (which was last spotted in 1906), the Wallace’s giant bee (which was said to have disappeared in 1980), and the Formosan clouded leopard (which was last seen in 1983 and declared extinct in 2013).

    Although it’s great news that these species have been rediscovered, the question still remains: why are these supposedly “extinct” animals suddenly reappearing? Were they even extinct in the first place? According to the IUCN Red List, a species is only listed as extinct when “…there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.” It’s also required that “…exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times… throughout its historic range [which] have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.”

    Galápagos giant tortoise

    The last time that people see a certain species is often calculated in the decision on whether it is in fact extinct or not, and that’s not entirely correct, as many species are very elusive and prefer to stay away from populated areas and people in general. So, just because they haven’t been seen in several years, doesn’t mean that they are extinct. Sightings can come in many forms, from actually seeing the species face-to-face, or capturing a picture of it, t more indirect evidence like footprints or people retelling stories of their encounters.

    What’s even more confusing is the fact that the word “rediscovered” means that someone or something was lost or forgotten about, but we also interpret it as returning from the dead. As for the Fernandina Island Galápagos tortoise, although it hadn’t been spotted since the early 1900s, footprints, bite marks on pear cacti, and tortoise faeces had been discovered as recently as 2013. In 2015, it was declared “Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct), and apparently species are presumed extinct until it is proven that they are still living.

    And while Wallace’s giant bee hadn’t been seen in 38 years, it was listed as “Data Deficient” and more recently as “Vulnerable”, but never as an extinct species. One of the species, however, that was listed as Extinct was the Formosan clouded leopard, as many hunters said they hadn’t seen the animal and no footage was ever captured from the several cameras in the area.

    Clouded leopard

    The giant tortoise and bee were declared alive after living specimens were discovered, but the clouded leopard’s existence is still uncertain as there have only been eyewitness testimonies so far and no solid proof.

    I believe it’s only a matter of time before several more “extinct” species are suddenly “rediscovered”. Since pretty much everyone nowadays has a cell phone with video/photo options, and many others fly drones in wooded areas, it’s very possible that more eyewitnesses will come forward with video and/or photographic proof. And maybe not, since some species just want to be left alone in their secret locations, safely hidden away from humans.

    https://mysteriousuniverse.org/ }

    28-03-2019 om 20:21 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Strange Sphere of Light Chases A Car

    Strange Sphere of Light Chases A Car

    On December 9, 2014, in Capilla del Monte Argentina, a woman named Cele who was on vacation near a site called the clods 9 km from the chapel of the Argentine mountain when she captured with her cell phone a sphere of light following the car in the back.


    Although the amazing video was shot in 2014, this phenomenon is still something that is not understood.

    The video comes from the well known UFO researcher Maussan and is subtitled in English.

      

    http://ufosightingshotspot.blogspot.com/ }

    28-03-2019 om 19:56 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Alien Base In Moon Crater That NASA Doesn't Want You To See! March 2019, Video, UFO Sighting News.

    Alien Base In Moon Crater That NASA Doesn't Want You To See!March 2019, Video, UFO Sighting News.


    Date of discovery: 2014 by me, but revisiting today, since many discoveries have been deleted over the years by NASA. 
    Source photo

    Now I wanted to check an old discovery of mine back from 2013-14 to see if it was still there. You see, NASA has deleted about 50% of my discoveries from their archives. Google Map has deleted about 80% of my discoveries from their maps. So I try hard to keep up and keep the public aware.

    This is really an incredible structure. The round dome is the main part, but there are three other connecting structures that just make this one of the most important pieces of evidence to date. 


    You may have seen others reporting this long ago, they got it from me. I do share my info freely. Only by sharing wholeheartedly can the UFO community unite and grow. Feel free to use my videos on your own channel. I do not have Adsense on my Youtube or my UFO Sightings Daily site. I probably would've made hundreds of thousands of US dollars by now, but I would have been manipulated by money instead of passion. I have seen others doing it only for the money, reporting fake sightings, even making their own sightings and videos. Money creates power and power corrupts. That I cannot have. Knowledge is true power...and meant to be free for all. 

    Scott C. Waring

    https://www.ufosightingsdaily.com/ }

    28-03-2019 om 19:49 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Ruins, strange artifacts on other planets, moons, ed ( Fr, EN, NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Foo Fighters: WWII ‘UFOs’ Seen by Airman Still Unexplained

    Foo Fighters: WWII ‘UFOs’ Seen by Airman Still Unexplained

    Jay Hemmings

    Some researchers became more convinced that the foo fighters had then simply been hallucinations.

    The name “foo fighters” has become synonymous with Dave Grohl’s rock band of that name, but prior to the late 1990s, when the band Foo Fighters achieved worldwide fame, the name “foo fighter” was primarily known only in conspiracy theory circles or UFO research groups.

    It refers to mysterious flying objects sighted by pilots in the last few years of the Second World War – objects variously described as glowing red, orange, yellow or white balls of light, or balls of fire – that seemed to appear out of nowhere, flew with aircraft in formation, and conducted aerial maneuvers that no aircraft could have performed.

    Sometimes they were described as orbs, sometimes as cigar-shaped. Sightings of foo fighters were primarily reported by Allied pilots flying over Western Europe, but similar sightings were also reported by German and Japanese pilots. To this day, nobody knows exactly what they were.

    Photograph of “an unusual atmospheric occurrence observed over Sri Lanka”, forwarded to the UK Ministry of Defence by RAF Fylingdales

    The first sightings of foo fighters were reported in November 1944 by American pilots of the 415th Night Fighter Squadron. The first plane to report a foo fighter sighting was piloted by Lieutenant Edward Schlueter. Lieutenant Donald Meiers was the radar observer and Lieutenant Fred Ringwald was the intelligence officer onboard.

    They were flying over the French-German border when Ringwald spotted a row of eight to ten lights, glowing orange. He called ground radar to see if they were enemy aircraft, but they couldn’t pick anything up. Suspecting that the lights were some sort of new German weapon, they prepared to engage them – but then the lights vanished.

    415th Night Fighter Squadron Northrop P-61 Black Widow

    The strange lights were given a name by Meiers: foo fighters. The term “foo” was taken from a popular comic strip of the time, called Smokey Stover. In the comic strip, the character Smokey (a firefighter) used to say “where there’s foo there’s fire.” Meier’s use of the name “foo fighters” stuck, and after this, that was the term used to describe these strange phenomena.

    Over the next few months, reports continued to pour in of foo fighter sightings, many of which were seen by pilots of the 415th.

    While the description of what they looked like sometimes varied, what was always consistent about the sightings was that the foo fighters seemed to be under some sort of intelligent control, were spectacularly maneuverable, impossible to shoot down or outmaneuver, not hostile (they never once attacked or made any attempt to attack or damage the aircraft that sighted them), and that they both appeared out of nowhere and then vanished into thin air.

    Sightings were not only reported by the 415th, of course. The foo fighters were also observed by members of the Eighth Air Force and the Royal Air Force.

    An Associated Press war correspondent spoke to airmen of the 415th toward the end of 1944, and soon the story he penned about foo fighter sightings was appearing in newspapers across America.

    A number of explanations were put forth to explain the phenomenon – they ranged from the more prosaic, such as the suggestion that the pilots had simply seen weather balloons or were suffering from battle fatigue and thus having hallucinations, to the more outlandish, such as suggestions that the foo fighters were visitors from outer space.

    Diorama of a Nazi Foo-Fighter by G. W. Dodson, Roswell UFO Museum, Roswell, New Mexico, USA.

    Photo: mr_t_77 CC BY-SA 2.0

    Suggestions were made that it was some sort of electrical discharge stimulated by atmospheric conditions, similar to St Elmo’s fire, but given the nature of how the foo fighters moved and conducted aerial maneuvers, this was ruled out.

    It was also suspected, of course, that the foo fighters were some sort of hitherto-unseen secret German weapons, but this seemed rather unlikely, given that they never attacked the Allied aircraft or did any damage to them.

    St. Elmo’s fire on a ship at sea

    These foo fighter sightings eventually became so widespread that the US Army Air Command put together a panel of officers to conduct an official investigation into the phenomenon. The report which detailed the panel’s eventual findings, however, was lost after the war.

    The sightings also contributed to the US Navy investigating in 1945 the degree of visual hallucinations experienced by aviators operating at night, for which they conducted a number of experiments.

    Some researchers became more convinced that the foo fighters had then simply been hallucinations, even though the airmen who had sighted them were known to have been utterly sound of mind and not under any kind of extreme stress at the time they reported the sightings.

    Photograph of an alleged UFO in Passaic, New Jersey, taken on July 31, 1952.

    While the frequency of foo fighter sightings died out toward the end of the war, sightings of “flying saucers” and UFOs by civilians throughout the continental US (and the rest of the world) soon became a widespread cultural phenomenon in the decades following WWII.

    As for the foo fighters of the Second World War, they remain an unexplained mystery, and we are no closer to understanding what they really were now than were the airmen who saw them in 1944 and 1945.

    {  War History Online }

    28-03-2019 om 01:36 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:MYSTERIES ( Fr, Nl, E)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Are we alone? The question is worthy of serious scientific study

    De bronafbeelding bekijken

    US F/A-18 footage of a UFO (circled in red). Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. 

    Parzival191919CC BY-NC-SA

    Are we alone? The question is worthy of serious scientific study

    Are we alone? Unfortunately, neither of the answers feel satisfactory. To be alone in this vast universe is a lonely prospect. On the other hand, if we are not alone and there is someone or something more powerful out there, that too is terrifying.

    As a NASA research scientist and now a professor of physics, I attended the 2002 NASA Contact Conference, which focused on serious speculation about extraterrestrials. During the meeting a concerned participant said loudly in a sinister tone, “You have absolutely no idea what is out there!” The silence was palpable as the truth of this statement sunk in. Humans are fearful of extraterrestrials visiting Earth. Perhaps fortunately, the distances between the stars are prohibitively vast. At least this is what we novices, who are just learning to travel into space, tell ourselves.

    Cover of the October 1957 issue of pulp science fiction magazine Amazing Stories. This was a special edition devoted to ‘flying saucers,’ which became a national obsession after airline pilot Kenneth Arnold sighted a saucer-shaped flying objects in 1947.

    I have always been interested in UFOs. Of course, there was the excitement that there could be aliens and other living worlds. But more exciting to me was the possibility that interstellar travel was technologically achievable. In 1988, during my second week of graduate school at Montana State University, several students and I were discussing a recent cattle mutilation that was associated with UFOs. A physics professor joined the conversation and told us that he had colleagues working at Malmstrom Air Force Base in Great Falls, Montana, where they were having problems with UFOs shutting down nuclear missiles. At the time I thought this professor was talking nonsense. But 20 years later, I was stunned to see a recording of a press conference featuring several former US Air Force personnel, with a couple from Malmstrom AFB, describing similar occurrences in the 1960s. Clearly there must be something to this.

    With July 2 being World UFO Day, it is a good time for society to address the unsettling and refreshing fact we may not be alone. I believe we need to face the possibility that some of the strange flying objects that outperform the best aircraft in our inventory and defy explanation may indeed be visitors from afar – and there’s plenty of evidence to support UFO sightings.

    The Fermi paradox

    The nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi was famous for posing thought provoking questions. In 1950, at Los Alamos National Laboratory after discussing UFOs over lunch, Fermi asked, “Where is everybody?” He estimated there were about 300 billion stars in the galaxy, many of them billions of years older than the sun, with a large percentage of them likely to host habitable planets. Even if intelligent life developed on a very small percentage of these planets, then there should be a number of intelligent civilizations in the galaxy. Depending on the assumptions, one should expect anywhere from tens to tens of thousands of civilizations.

    With the rocket-based technologies that we have developed for space travel, it would take between 5 and 50 million years for a civilization like ours to colonize our Milky Way galaxy. Since this should have happened several times already in the history of our galaxy, one should wonder where is the evidence of these civilizations? This discrepancy between the expectation that there should be evidence of alien civilizations or visitations and the presumption that no visitations have been observed has been dubbed the Fermi Paradox.

    This photograph was taken in Wallonia, Belgium.
     J.S. Henrardi

    Carl Sagan correctly summarized the situation by saying that “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.” The problem is that there has been no single well-documented UFO encounter that would alone qualify as the smoking gun. The situation is exacerbated by the fact that many governments around the world have covered up and classified information about such encounters. But there are enough scraps of evidence that suggest that the problem needs to be open to scientific study.

    UFOs, taboo for professional scientists

    When it comes to science, the scientific method requires hypotheses to be testable so that inferences can be verified. UFO encounters are neither controllable nor repeatable, which makes their study extremely challenging. But the real problem, in my view, is that the UFO topic is taboo.

    While the general public has been fascinated with UFOs for decades, our governments, scientists and media, have essentially declared that of all the UFO sightings are a result of weather phenomenon or human actions. None are actually extraterrestrial spacecraft. And no aliens have visited Earth. Essentially, we are told that the topic is nonsense. UFOs are off-limits to serious scientific study and rational discussion, which unfortunately leaves the topic in the domain of fringe and pseudoscientists, many of whom litter the field with conspiracy theories and wild speculation.

    I think UFO skepticism has become something of a religion with an agenda, discounting the possibility of extraterrestrials without scientific evidence, while often providing silly hypotheses describing only one or two aspects of a UFO encounter reinforcing the popular belief that there is a conspiracy. A scientist must consider all of the possible hypotheses that explain all of the data, and since little is known, the extraterrestrial hypothesis cannot yet be ruled out. In the end, the skeptics often do science a disservice by providing a poor example of how science is to be conducted. The fact is that many of these encounters – still a very small percentage of the total – defy conventional explanation.

    The media amplifies the skepticism by publishing information about UFOs when it is exciting, but always with a mocking or whimsical tone and reassuring the public that it can’t possibly be true. But there are credible witnesses and encounters.

    Why don’t astronomers see UFOs?

    I am often asked by friends and colleagues, “Why don’t astronomers see UFOs?” The fact is that they do. In 1977, Peter Sturrock, a professor of space science and astrophysics at Stanford University, mailed 2,611 questionnaires about UFO sightings to members of the American Astronomical Society. He received 1,356 responses from which 62 astronomers – 4.6 percent – reported witnessing or recording inexplicable aerial phenomena. This rate is similar to the approximately 5 percent of UFO sightings that are never explained.

    As expected, Sturrock found that astronomers who witnessed UFOs were more likely to be night sky observers. Over 80 percent of Sturrock’s respondents were willing to study the UFO phenomenon if there was a way to do so. More than half of them felt that the topic deserves to be studied versus 20 percent who felt that it should not. The survey also revealed that younger scientists were more likely to support the study of UFOs.

    UFOs have been observed through telescopes. I know of one telescope sighting by an experienced amateur astronomer in which he observed an object shaped like a guitar pick moving through the telescope’s field of view. Further sightings are documented in the book “Wonders in the Sky,” in which the authors compile numerous observations of unexplained aerial phenomena made by astronomers and published in scientific journals throughout the 1700s and 1800s.

    Evidence from government and military officers

    Some of the most convincing observations have come from government officials. In 1997, the Chilean government formed the organization Comité de Estudios de Fenómenos Aéreos Anómalos, or CEFAA, to study UFOs. Last year, CEFAA released footage of a UFO taken with a helicopter-mounted Wescam infrared camera.

    Declassified document describing a sighting of a UFO in December 1977, in Bahia, a state in northern Brazil. 
    Arquivo Nacional Collection

    The countries of Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Ecuador, France, New Zealand, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom have been declassifying their UFO files since 2008. The French Committee for In-Depth Studies, or COMETA, was an unofficial UFO study group comprised of high-ranking scientists and military officials that studied UFOs in the late 1990s. They released the COMETA Report, which summarized their findings. They concluded that 5 percent of the encounters were reliable yet inexplicable: The best hypothesis available was that the observed craft were extraterrestrial. They also accused the United States of covering up evidence of UFOs. Iran has been concerned about spherical UFOs observed near nuclear power facilities that they call “CIA drones” which reportedly are about 30 feet in diameter, can achieve speeds up to Mach 10, and can leave the atmosphere. Such speeds are on par with the fastest experimental aircraft, but unthinkable for a sphere without lift surfaces or an obvious propulsion mechanism.

    1948 Top Secret USAF UFO extraterrestrial document.
     United States Air Force

    In December 2017, The New York Times broke a story about the classified Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program, which was a $22 million program run by the former Pentagon official Luis Elizondo and aimed at studying UFOs. Elizondo resigned from running the program protesting extreme secrecy and the lack of funding and support. Following his resignation Elizondo, along with several others from the defense and intelligence community, were recruited by the To the Stars Academy of Arts & Science, which was recently founded by Tom DeLonge to study UFOs and interstellar travel. In conjunction with the launch of the academy, the Pentagon declassified and released three videos of UFO encounters taken with forward looking infrared cameras mounted on F-18 fighter jets. While there is much excitement about such disclosures, I am reminded of a quote from Retired Army Colonel John Alexander: “Disclosure has happened. … I’ve got stacks of generals, including Soviet generals, who’ve come out and said UFOs are real. My point is, how many times do senior officials need to come forward and say that this is real?”

    A topic worthy of serious study

    There is a great deal of evidence that a small percentage of these UFO sightings are unidentified structured craft exhibiting flight capabilities beyond any known human technology. While there is no single case for which there exists evidence that would stand up to scientific rigor, there are cases with simultaneous observations by multiple reliable witnesses, along with radar returns and photographic evidence revealing patterns of activity that are compelling.

    Declassified information from covert studies is interesting, but not scientifically helpful. This is a topic worthy of open scientific inquiry, until there is a scientific consensus based on evidence rather than prior expectation or belief. If there are indeed extraterrestrial craft visiting Earth, it would greatly benefit us to know about them, their nature and their intent. Moreover, this would present a great opportunity for mankind, promising to expand and advance our knowledge and technology, as well as reshaping our understanding of our place in the universe.

    https://theconversation.com/uk }

    28-03-2019 om 01:24 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Dr. Kevin Knuth – UFOs, Science, and Relativistic Interstellar Travel – March 26, 2019
    Dr. Kevin Knuth – UFOs, Science, and Relativistic Interstellar Travel – March 26, 2019

    Dr. Kevin Knuth is an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics at the University at Albany (SUNY), and is the Editor-in-Chief of the journal Entropy (MDPI). He is a former NASA research scientist having worked for four years at NASA Ames Research Center in the Intelligent Systems Division designing artificial intelligence algorithms for astrophysical data analysis. His current research interests include the foundations of physics, quantum information, inference and inquiry, autonomous robotics, and the search for and characterization of extrasolar planets. He has published over 90 peer-reviewed publications and has been invited to give over 80 presentations in 14 countries.

    Kevin was also a recent presenter at the Anomalous Aerospace Phenomena Conference (AAPC) hosted by the Scientific Coalition for Ufology (SCU) held near the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. Kevin’s talk was titled, “Constraints on Societies Engaged in Relativistic Interstellar Travel,” and covered the odd spacetime effects this sort of travel would entail. In this episode, Kevin discusses the effects individuals traveling in this manner would experience, and the odd effects and problems that would occur with a group traveling in this manner interacting with others. We also discuss Kevin’s experience and thoughts on how the scientific community views the UFO topic.

    Fore more about Kevin visit: http://knuthlab.rit.albany.edu/

    http://www.openminds.tv/ }

    28-03-2019 om 01:09 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ARTICLES of MUFON ( ENG)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The Ark Of The Covenant – Is It Real, And Where Is It?

    The Ark Of The Covenant – Is It Real, And Where Is It?

    Written by: Marcus Lowth  Estimated Reading Time: 7 minutes

    The Ark of the Covenant is, without doubt, one of the most sought-after relics in the world. A fact even stranger as there is no absolute solid proof that it even exists. Many people believe it does though, and indeed have done throughout history. And there are a plethora of theories as to where it lies today.

    For anyone who has watched “The Raiders of the Lost Ark” movie from the Indiana Jones series, the idea of Nazis searching for ancient relics is not so bizarre, for example. However, the fact is the sentiment of such notions displayed in the film is spot on. The Nazi regime had a real desire to track down as many of these ancient relics – including the Ark of the Covenant. They spent considerable time and money doing so.

    The Ark Of The Covenant?

    The Ark Of The Covenant?

    During the Indiana Jones movie is also the claim that the Ark was a “telephone straight to God!” Some people, again, believe that statement might have been quite close to the truth. The Ark appears to be more than a mere box that holds stone tablets. It seems – at least based on ancient descriptions – to be a technological device and a dangerous one at that.

    Those who approached the Ark without permission or the protective robes required would most often die instantly. The biblical story of Aaron, the brother of Moses, and the death of his two sons tells of exactly this. As they approached to make offerings, a flash of lightning shot and entered their nostrils, and “burnt them from the inside!”

    Whether the Ark is a divine device or extra-terrestrial technology, it has been a fascination for many people for centuries. Before we look at the infamous ancient relic in more detail, check out the trailer of the aforementioned movie below.

    Old Bible Legends, Accounts, and Stories

    Legends and descriptions of the Ark feature most prominently (at least in The Bible) in the Book of Exodus. It was during this time – 1500BC – that Moses went to Mount Sinai, where he would ascend and meet the Lord. Upon his return, he carried with him two tablets – the Ten Commandments. He also carried instructions on how to build a “container” where he would house them.

    This container was in fact, the Ark of the Covenant. This incident is interesting in its own light. Not least of which why Moses appeared to have aged greatly and had a distinct “glow” to him. Might Moses have in fact met extra-terrestrial beings who gave to him knowledge and technology?

    Was the ability to part waters allowing people to cross something connected to the Ark’s power? Although the power required would be immense, it would be possible to “move” water in such a way. If of course, you had a device that could harness and dispense such power.

    Another story is that of the “Walls of Jericho”. The Israelites – under instruction from God – were to march around the city of Jericho carrying the Ark for seven days. Upon the blast of the horns, the wall fell to the ground. Might this have been some kind of sonar or sound technology?

    What makes the texts from the Exodus even more interesting are the claims of the construction of a second Ark. This Ark, however, would remain under the Tabernacle.

    The short video below looks at the Ark from a biblical perspective. They are also a good background to the legends we are about to explore in a little more depth.

    The Manna Machine

    During their four-decade exodus through the harsh deserts, the Israelites sustained themselves through “Manna” – a foodstuff that fell from the sky upon the Ark’s command. It is arguable that the Ark – at least in part – may have contained a device that was somehow able to produce this “Manna” out of thin air. Perhaps by utilizing moisture and such that is already present in the air. In the book, The Manna Machine, co-authors, George Sassoon and Rodney Dale, theorized that this device sat in the Ark.

    The Manna Machine was key to providing sustenance in such a desolate landscape as the Sinai Desert. It was basically a device that the authors claimed used a nuclear power to produce Manna. This is perhaps very similar to the algae experiments of recent years in terms of sustenance supply. Incidentally, the nuclear element would also explain and back up the “instant death” stories.

    The machine ran for six consecutive days, before cleaning every seventh day so that it remained in good working order. This, the authors claim, is where the idea of the seventh day being the Sabbath and the day of rest stems. They stated their information came after they had decoded writings in the Kabbalah.

    The Ark may have played a part in finding areas of the desert that were key to the Israelites survival. Might verses, telling of the Ark going forth into the wilderness before the Israelites, in fact, be descriptions of technology analyzing the area? It appears that the Ark is a multi-useable device, without which their journey would have been likely impossible.

    The video below is a Bible verse that explains more about Manna and what it actually is.

    Real Dimensions of The Ark From Biblical Descriptions

    The exact measurements and materials for the Ark clearly reside in The Bible. Many people have scrutinized these and made attempts to build a modern version. What has become apparent in all of these projects is that the instructions are genuine – in that the device is very much electrically chargeable. It is essentially an electrical energy capacitor.

    Ancient texts speak of the image of God resting between the Cherubs when the device was active. Might this really have been some kind of hologram projector? Might this be the meaning and origin of the belief that the Ark was the “Throne of God Himself?”

    Or given that descriptions of God are most often those of fire, smoke or bright lights, it is reasonable to suggest that these images are what would be seen atop the Ark? Particularly if indeed it had been used as an electrically charged device. To those ignorant of its technology, these could easily be seen to be proof of a God.

    What would be the purpose of an electrically charged device? Aside from the uses as a weapon we looked at previously when reading more of the ancient texts of Exodus, it appears it could be some kind of communications device.

    There are claims of special “breast plates”, worn by high priests who entered the Tabernacle where the Ark resides. As the Ark became active, the pulsing energy would resonate with the stones, causing them to light up in sympathy with each pulse. Is this perhaps proof of coded communication between the priests, and “God” – or extra-terrestrials?

    Where Did It Go?

    There are many theories as to where the Ark might rest today, such as those of Masanori Takane. He was so convinced that the Ark was in Japan, in Mount Tsurugi, that he conducted a full-scale archeologic dig for it in the 1930s. The area is now a protected national park, so it’s highly unlikely any type of renewed search here would go ahead.

    It is not inconceivable that such a journey to Japan happened thousands of years ago by a tribe of Israelites. One thing of interest to note is the Shinto Warriors’ tradition of carrying an “Omikoshi” to Mount Tsurugi’s peak. The Omikoshi carries the spirit of God. Might this be an ancient tradition that has its roots in the same story of the Israelites forty-year Exodus?

    Others believe that the Ark was secretly smuggled out from the modern-day West Bank. The group thought to have provided its passage were the infamous and feared Knights Templar. Many theories persist that the Ark’s eventual sanctuary lay in the mountain regions of France. The Nazis incidentally conducted extensive research in this area although they, like all others, were unsuccessful in their mission.

    Different theories still suggest that the Ark traveled much further. After going through England it found itself in the small village of Roslin, Scotland. It eventually took up residence in Rosslyn Chapel, where it still remains. It is perhaps worth mentioning that Rosslyn Chapel is a mysterious place in its own right. Many reports of UFO sightings come from here. Rumors even swirl that there is a portal in the church itself.

    There are two other destinations, however, that are perhaps more likely, both because of their location and some of the other, circumstantial, yet very intriguing and supporting evidence.

    Is The Ark In Aksum, Ethiopia?

    One of the more credible theories is that the Ark of the Covenant lays in Aksum, Ethiopia. In that small town sits the Cathedral of St. Mary of Zion. Is it within these walls that the Ark sits, hidden in plain sight, even today?

    A story even surfaced in 2011 stating that a leak in the church roof was threatening to reveal the sacred object to the whole world. Speculation even swirled that the Ark was to relocate from the premises. Of course, this story was pure speculation at best, but the fact they make mainstream media is interesting enough.

    Author and experienced researcher, Graham Hancock, spent considerable time in Ethiopia. He claims it was his interest in the Ark of the Covenant that “led him out of mainstream journalism!” Feeling he simply must get to the truth of the mystery that surrounds it.

    He also spoke to the several priests who had dedicated the rest of their lives to guarding the building’s contents. Hancock states he believes what the priests told him merely due to the sincerity and conviction in their eyes. The Ark of the Covenant, so the story goes, resides in this small and modestly guarded building. His own research also supported the priest’s claims somewhat. As Hancock states, “there is an ancient Jewish civilization in Ethiopia!”

    Hancock sites of how quickly the priests who take on the task of guarding the building’s contents, always die a short time afterward from illness resembling radiation poisoning. One such priest specifically informed Hancock that the Ark of the Covenant was responsible for these illnesses. He even described the ancient relic he had devoted his life to guarding, as “a thing of fire!”

    The video below features Hancock speaking in depth about his theories.

    Temple Mount

    Another theory that many subscribe to is that Ark sits where it has for thousands of years. At Temple Mount, under the Dome of the Rock, on the West Bank. It is equally important to both Muslim and Jewish followers and is the Ark’s last “known” location.

    In 2015, during an apparent routine carpet change under the Dome of the Rock, it appeared that a secret code that may describe the location of the Ark of the Covenant lay there. Before anyone had the chance to take detailed pictures or even limited study of the find, they were carpeted over. Whether or not there was anything significant in terms of the Ark’s location is now speculation and theory only.

    The short video below looks at the incident.

    In 1981, Rabbi Yehuda Meir Getz believed he was all but forty feet away from uncovering the much sought after Ark.

    After secretly tunneling under Temple Mount via the Western Wall, Rabbi Getz led an expedition team into the ancient tunnels. Soon, the noise of their work reached the outside world, including angry residents. Tempers flared and with the situation beginning to escalate, police had to separate people opposed to Getz’s work at this deeply sacred site. The entrance to the tunnel sealed shut and officially “off limits” to anybody.

    Not only is it said that the Ark still resides here, but there have been many strange UFO sightings in the skies over Temple Mount. One of these – captured on film – shows a strange glowing light descending directly over the globe. If the Ark does reside here, might this have been some kind of communication or other interaction?

    The video below shows the UFO sighting.

    28-03-2019 om 00:50 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ARCHEOLOGIE ( E, Nl, Fr )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Scientists are trying to bottle solar energy and turn it into liquid fuel
    "A solar thermal fuel is like a rechargeable battery, but instead of electricity you put sunlight in and get heat out."
    Image: Professor Kasper Moth-Poulsen holding a tube containing the catalyst
    Professor Kasper Moth-Poulsen holding a tube containing the catalyst in front of the ultra-high-vacuum setup that was used to measure the heat release gradient in the molecular solar thermal energy storage system.
    Johan Bodell
    By Wayt Gibbs

    What if we could bottle solar energy so it could be used to power our homes and factories even when the sun doesn't shine?

    Scientists have spent decades looking for a way do just that, and now researchers in Sweden are reporting significant progress. They've developed a specialized fluid that absorbs a bit of sunlight's energy, holds it for months or even years and then releases it when needed. If this so-called solar thermal fuel can be perfected, it might drive another nail in the coffin of fossil fuels — and help solve our global-warming crisis.

    Unlike oil, coal and natural gas, solar thermal fuels are reusable and environmentally friendly. They release energy without spewing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

    "A solar thermal fuel is like a rechargeable battery, but instead of electricity, you put sunlight in and get heat out, triggered on demand," says Jeffrey Grossman, who leads a lab at MIT that works on such materials.

    A MOLECULAR JEKYLL AND HYDE

    On the roof of the physics building at Chalmers University of Technology in the Swedish city of Gothenburg, Kasper Moth-Poulsen has built a prototype system to test the new solar thermal fuels his research group has created.

    As a pump cycles the fluid through transparent tubes, ultraviolet light from the sun excites its molecules into an energized state, a bit like Dr. Jekyll transforming into Mr. Hyde. The light rearranges bonds among the carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen atoms in the fuel, converting a compound known as norbornadiene into another called quadricyclane — the energetic Mr. Hyde version. Because the energy is trapped in strong chemical bonds, the quadricyclane retains the captured solar power even when it cools down.

    Image: The energy system MOST works in a circular manner

    The energy system works in a circular manner. First, the liquid captures energy from sunlight, in a solar thermal collector on the roof of a building. Then it is stored at room temperature. When the energy is needed, it can be drawn through the catalyst so that the liquid heats up.
    Yen Strandqvist

    To extract that stored energy, Moth-Poulsen passes the activated fuel over a cobalt-based catalyst. The Hyde-like quadricyclane molecules then shapeshift back into their Jekyll form, norbornadiene. The transformation releases copious amounts of heat — enough to raise the fuel's temperature by 63 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit).

    If the fuel starts at room temperature (about 21 degrees C, or 70 degrees F), it quickly warms to around 84 degrees C (183 degrees F) — easily hot enough to heat a house or office.

    "You could use that thermal energy for your water heater, your dishwasher or your clothes dryer," Grossman says. "There could be lots of industrial applications as well." Low-temperature heat used for cooking, sterilization, bleaching, distillation and other commercial operations accounts for 7 percent of all energy consumption in the European Union, Moth-Poulsen says.

    A- solar thermal fuel could be stored in uninsulated tanks inside houses or factories — or perhaps piped or trucked between solar farms and cities. Very little of the fuel or the catalyst is damaged by the reactions, so the system can operate in a closed loop, picking up solar energy and dropping off heat again and again. "We've run it though 125 cycles without any significant degradation," Moth-Poulsen says.

    HEAT WITHOUT FIRE

    Moth-Poulsen has calculated that the best variant of his fuel can store up to 250 watt-hours of energy per kilogram. Pound for pound, that's roughly twice the energy capacity of the Tesla Powerwall batteries that some homeowners and utilities now use to store electricity generated by solar panels.

    "I'm very excited by what Kasper is doing," Grossman says of the research. After a burst of work on norbornadiene fuels in the 1970s, he says, chemists were stymied. The fuels kept breaking down after a few cycles. They didn't hold their energy very long, and they had to be mixed with toxic solvents that diluted the energy-grabbing fuel. Moth-Poulsen "has gone back to that molecule and is using state-of-the-art tools to fix it," Grossman says.

    The new results, published in a series of scientific papers over the past year, have caught the attention of investors. Moth-Poulsen says numerous companies have contacted him to discuss the potential for commercialization.

    FROM PROTOTYPE TO PRODUCT

    For all the promise of solar thermal fuels, years of development lie ahead. "We've made a lot of progress," Moth-Poulsen says, "but there is still a lot to figure out."

    A crucial next step will be to develop a single fuel that combines the best characteristics of the many fuel variants the Chalmers team has developed — including long shelf life, high energy density and good recyclability.

    Wei Feng, who leads a research group working on solar thermal fuels at China's Tianjin University, points to solvent-free operation as another "big challenge for future commercialization."

    Moth-Poulsen's prototype fuels are made via common industrial processes and from widely available industrial agents, including derivatives of acetylene. But it's unclear how much a commercial version of the fuel would cost.

    One important factor in the cost will be the fuel's efficiency, which currently is quite low. The prototype fuels respond only to the shortest wavelengths of sunlight, including ultraviolet and blue, which account for just 5 percent of the solar energy available. Moth-Poulsen says he's working to extend the fuel's sensitivity to include more of the spectrum.

    He's also aiming to break his own record of a 63-degree C temperature increase. When that heat is added to water that has been preheated to 40 degrees C or more by conventional solar collectors, he says, "That's just enough to boil water into steam." The steam could then drive turbines to make electricity. But with more tweaks to the chemical structure, he says, "I think we could push [the temperature increase] to 80 degrees C or higher." For electricity generation, hotter is better.

    "When I started, there was really only one research group working on these kinds of systems," the 40-year-old Moth-Poulsen recalls. But progress has drawn others to the challenge. "Now there are teams in the U.S., in China, in Germany — about 15 around the world," he says.

    WANT MORE STORIES ABOUT CLEAN ENERGY?

    28-03-2019 om 00:41 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:SF-snufjes ( E, F en NL )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.US Air Force pilots struggle to explain mystery UFO seen 'falling from sky'

    US Air Force pilots struggle to explain mystery UFO seen 'falling from sky'

    The footage, filmed in Anchorage, Alaska, appears to show a mysterious object plunging to the ground with a trail of thick smoke behind it

    By Kelly-Ann Mills

    UFO seen plummeting towards Earth has left US Air Force bosses baffled.

    Footage, filmed in Anchorage in the US state of Alaska, shows what looks like two plumes of black smoke trailing a mysterious object, which appears to have a light guiding its way.

    A variety of military aircraft operate out of the nearby Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, but spokeswoman Erin Eaton said the sighting was nothing to do with them.

    "That doesn't look like any of our planes," she said.

    Officials from the Federal Aviation Administration added that the object in the video was not an aircraft, and that it hadn't received any reports of aviation issues at the time.

    The bizarre object was spotted in the sky above Alaska, USA 

     But some experts still think a plane is the likeliest explanation.

    Peter Davidson, director of the Washington-based National UFO Reporting Center, said that the video showed "a high-altitude jet airliner, with a contrail behind it".

    "It is in level flight, but because it is flying away from the camera, it appears to be falling," he said.

    "It is not, but parallax makes it look that way."

    Adonus Baugh, who shot the video, was not convinced.

    The 18-year-old said the object looked like something coming into the atmosphere.

    Eyewitnesses say it looked like it was a meteor or something coming into the atmosphere 

    "Me and my mom were just coming in to the parking lot of our house and that's when I noticed that something was falling from the sky," he said.

    "I thought it was a meteor or something coming into the atmosphere.

    "I actually never saw something like this before."

    Another witness, Bebe Kang, agreed: "It didn't look like an airplane or one of those jets. It was big, super slow and red.

    "I really just thought it might be an asteroid."

    Aircraft operating out of Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson include F-22 Raptor stealth fighters, C-130 Hercules and C-17 Globemaster III transports, and E-3 Sentry AWACS command jets.

    https://www.mirror.co.uk/ }

    28-03-2019 om 00:25 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:UFOs
    27-03-2019
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.USS Nimitz UFO incident – HOAX?

    USS Nimitz UFO incident – HOAX?

    USS Nimitz UFO incident took place during November of 2004 when U.S. fighter pilots encountered an unidentified flying object, which later become known as “tic-tac”. In 2017 the footage of the occurrence was released to the public and became one of the most hotly discussed topics among ufologists.

    USS Nimitz UFO incident

    The video itself does not offer a clear image, due to the nature of radar systems. However, there are several factors that make this case one of the most fascinating studies in the field. Firstly, the existence of an audio recording of pilots experiencing the visual contact the object. Secondly, Interview given by one of the pilots. Thirdly, a report was done by Washington post about Department of Defense’s operations to analyze the sighting and was later confirmed by the Pentagon itself, giving the sighting more legitimacy.

    David Fravor, a Navy Pilot with decades of experience, is the centerpiece of USS Nimitz UFO incident. His skepticism in the subject quickly evaporated, when the training mission encountered something that could not be explained. Skeptics often explain such events by a secretive technology being tested, weather balloons, or unreliability of the witnesses. None of them applies to this eye witness.

    Not only would he be aware of something that could be explained by our current technologic capabilities, but also the routine nature of their training operations would make the area unsuitable for any testing by different military branches. This also makes him immune to the claims of him not being able to differentiate something as mundane as a weather balloon, natural occurrence or mechanical dysfunction from UFO.

    One of the main reasons that cause the USS Nimitz UFO incident to be a fascinating study is its continuous nature. The encounter with “tic-tac” was not a one-off incident. US Navy was following the unknown object for almost two weeks. At one point over 8 objects were seen on the radar. This was not some sort of the glitch on a radar system of the single ship. This was an organized operation by a fleet of ships to track down an unknown intruder.

    The occurrence, in which David Fravor took part in when he and several other pilots directly encountered the UFO was a culmination of the chase. However, even after that event, several anomalies on the ocean surface where seen. Some point looked disturbed as if something has been hovering over them, however, no further visual contact was made.
    What truly transpired during USS Nimitz UFO incident is debated till this day. Several things are known for certain, the U.S. Navy fleet deemed the occurrence noteworthy enough to initiate the chase, which lasted for two weeks. No one who took the part in it can give an explanation of what happened.

    David Fravor, a veteran Navy pilot was shaken by the incident and after 2 years retired from the navy. He said that after his jet returned to the carrier, his description of the events were ridiculed by his colleagues. What showed up on U.S. fleets radars for two weeks and what managed to evade most sophisticated military in the world, remains a mystery till this day.

    Useful links:

    http://www.ufosightingstoday.org/ }

    27-03-2019 om 23:58 geschreven door peter

    0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
    Categorie:UFOs
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Un gigantesque “Vaisseau Mère bloque le soleil’ dans une vidéo de SpaceX

    Un gigantesque “Vaisseau Mère bloque le soleil’ dans une vidéo de SpaceX

    Un astronome aux yeux de faucon a repéré un objet mystérieux bloquant une partie du soleil lors du feed en direct de SpaceX.

    Les images montrent ce qui semble être un grand objet sombre qui bloque une grande partie du soleil.

    Le chaîne complotiste The Grimreefar a trouvé le point noir en regardant en direct le satellite Es’hail-2, qui a été lancé à bord de la SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket la semaine dernière.

    En parlant de l’objet, ils ont dit : À mon avis, si c’était un objet bloquant le soleil, il serait trop grand pour être compris.

    La vidéo a été visionnée des centaines de fois depuis qu’elle a été publiée hier, et des théoriciens ont affirmé que l’objet pourrait être extraterrestre.

    Une personne a écrit : c’est un vaisseau mère extraterrestre. Si énorme.

    Un autre a fait des commentaires : “C’est un objet massif ! Dieu seul le sait !”

    “Peut-être que certains fanatiques religieux ont raison ? Peut-être qu’il y a une guerre dans les cieux.

    Un troisième s’étonne : C’est beaucoup trop grand pour être une tache solaire, alors qu’est-ce que c’est ? Ça ne peut pas être un astéroïde massif, c’est si bizarre.

    C’est la deuxième observation étrange depuis le lancement de la fusée Falcon 9 dans l’espace le 15 novembre.

    Juste après le lancement, les téléspectateurs ont affirmé avoir vu le tristement célèbre satellite Black Knight se déplacer sur leurs écrans.

    Pas plus tard que la semaine dernière, les autorités américaines ont autorisé SpaceX d’Elon Musk à mettre en orbite une constellation de 12 000 satellites.

    À ce sujet, Musk a dit : Le diable est dans les détails, et SpaceX semble repousser les limites de ce qui a déjà été fait sur plusieurs fronts simultanément.”

    Source: Daily Star

    https://millenaire.home.blog/ }

    27-03-2019 om 23:44 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:MYSTERIES ( Fr, Nl, E)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Russia’s New Nuclear Missiles Squeeze Response Time

    Russia’s New Nuclear Missiles Squeeze Response Time

    As treaties end, Russia focuses on hypersonic weapons that could “tighten the noose” on current U.S. defenses

    By 

    Russia's New Nuclear Missiles Squeeze Response Time

    Russia's military-industrial complex has developed the Avangard strategic intercontinental ballistic missile system equipped with a gliding hypersonic maneuvering warhead.
    Credit: Getty Images

    Both the United States and Russia last month pulled out of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), a Cold War–era pact that prohibited land-based ballistic or cruise missiles with ranges between 311 and 3,420 miles. That agreement limited just one class of weapons, but it is not the only accord poised to end: The much-broader New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) will expire on February 5 next year, unless both parties agree to extend it—which they may not do.

    New START limits the number of missiles the U.S. and Russia deploy, with an eye toward reducing the overall number of nuclear weapons in the world. Without it, for the first time since 1972 there would be no limit on how many warheads either nation can build and de