Wil je een videoclip bekijken en stoort het X-files-deuntje jou daarbij. Schakel het deuntje gewoon uit door in deze kolon, helemaal beneden op de 2 witte balkjes in het blauwe cirkeltje te klikken, tot een pijltje verschijnt. Veel kijk- en luisterplezier en bedankt voor jouw bezoek.
The purpose of this blog is the creation of an open, international, independent and free forum, where every UFO-researcher can publish the results of his/her research. The languagues, used for this blog, are Dutch, English and French.You can find the articles of a collegue by selecting his category. Each author stays resposable for the continue of his articles. As blogmaster I have the right to refuse an addition or an article, when it attacks other collegues or UFO-groupes.
Deze blog is opgedragen aan mijn overleden echtgenote Lucienne.
In 2012 verloor ze haar moedige strijd tegen kanker!
In 2011 startte ik deze blog, omdat ik niet mocht stoppen met mijn UFO-onderzoek.
UFO'S - MET HET LAATSTE NIEUWS OVER UFO'S BOVEN BELGIË EN IN ANDERE LANDEN...
UFO's in België en de rest van de wereld In België heb je vooral BUFON of het Belgisch UFO-Netwerk, dat zich met UFO's bezighoudt. BEZOEK DUS ZEKER VOOR ALLE OBJECTIEVE INFORMATIE ww.ufo.be.
Verder heb je ook het Belgisch-Ufo-meldpunt en Caelestia, die prachtig, doch ZEER kritisch werk leveren, ja soms zelfs héél sceptisch...
Voor Nederland kan je de mooie site www.ufowijzer.nl bezoeken van Paul Harmans. Een mooie site met veel informatie en artikels.
MUFON of het Mutual UFO Network Inc is een Amerikaanse UFO-vereniging met afdelingen in alle USA-staten en diverse landen.
MUFON's mission is the analytical and scientific investigation of the UFO- Phenomenon for the benefit of humanity...
Je kan ook hun site bekijken onder www.mufon.com.
Ze geven een maandelijks tijdschrift uit, namelijk The MUFON UFO-Journal.
Since 02/01/2013 is Pieter not only president (=voorzitter) of BUFON, but also National Director MUFON / Flanders and the Netherlands. We work together with the French MUFON Reseau MUFON/EUROP.
We Now Know Atlantis Really Existed... AND Where
A lot of supporting evidence that this is the true location of the lost city of Atlantis.
Only a fool would not consider it as a possibility. My heart did jump in excitement, because honestly once we start digging there under that soil. The city will be uncovered. I am happy and sad because stone will only tell so much about this great city. Think of the possibilities that they had. The Richat Structure NEEDS to be excavated!
Scientists Give More Details On Cigar-Shaped UFO Moving Close To Earth
Scientists Give More Details On Cigar-Shaped UFO Moving Close To Earth
Scientists claim to have known the mysterious object that was observed flying through space. The space rock was spotted in 2017 and eventually called Oumuamua, which has been hurtling the solar system of the Earth.
A report from acclaimed astronomers of NASA, the European Space Agency and the German Max Planck Institute for Astronomy was released this week, revealing the origins of the cigar-shaped asteroid that was first noticed in October 2017.
The space rock was named by the site who first observed it and is the Hawaiian for a messenger from afar arriving first.
The report mentions that a high-powered telescope in Hawaii discovered a fast-moving object on an unbound orbit close to the Earth.
The report describes Oumuamua as a metallic or rocky object, around 400 metres in length and approximately 40 metres wide.
It also claims that the object has a density similar to a comet and has a dark red surface, which may suggest either an organic-rich surface identical to the outer solar system asteroids and comets or a surface similar to the dark side of Saturn’s moon Iapetus, containing minerals with nanoscale iron.
According to the report, Oumuamua left its home when it was ejected during planet formation and migration millions of years ago and has been linked to four possible star systems.
The report also mentions that Oumuamua moved faster than the existing laws of celestial mechanics. The Astrophysical Journal has been accepted the report.
When Oumuamua was first discovered, scientists could not explain precisely the long, thin asteroid flying so close to Earth.
The discovery sparked suggestions that the strange rock was an alien spaceship or probe exploring our solar system.
The only uncontested fact is that Oumuamua is the first object ever spotted flying into our solar system from deep space.
Filer’s Files #38 – 2018 Are the Aliens in Control? - PART I
Circle of lights over Stillwater, Minnesota on September 15, 2018
Filer’s Files #38 – 2018 Are the Aliens in Control? - PART I
In special reports, this week’s files cover: Wilbert Smith Discusses Communication with Aliens, Are Aliens in Control? Monthly Statistical MUFON Report for August 2018, Hurricane Florence Flooding Spreads as Storm Moves with 18 Dead and New Moon Rocket Design.
Unidentified Aerial Phenomena sightings were reported over Arkansas, California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and Pennsylvania.
Unidentified Aerial Phenomena sightings were reported over Austria, Philippines, Spain, and England in the United Kingdom.
The Filer Research Institute feels the scientific study of UFOs is for the benefit of humankind and is an important endeavor. The US Air Force investigated UFOs publicly for more than twenty years under Project Blue Book; and I continue this advanced research. I believe the God of the universe has spread life throughout the cosmos and UFO’s are visiting us in ever-increasing numbers.
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Any donation would be greatly appreciated.
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Thank you to everyone who donated last week.
Wilbert Smith Discusses Communication with Aliens
In a just recovered 1961 interview with television station CJOH, the former head of the official Canadian Government UFO investigations Wilbert Smith, was asked a number of questions about what he had learned during his days of investigating flying saucers for the Canadian government.
Wilbur Smith stated, “In 1950 I was attending a rather slow-moving broadcasting conference in Washington D.C. and found that the U.S. government had a highly classified project set up to study flying saucers so I reasoned that with so much smoke maybe I should look for the fire.” He was able to get permission to become the Official Director of the Canadian Government’s UFO Investigation in 1950. He was one of the foremost communications experts of the day and worked as the chief radio engineer for the Canadian government. In 1956, he headed the countries radio regulations department. More importantly, he was in charge of monitoring 50,000 radio frequencies in Canada, and ran the Top Secret “Radio Ottawa” where spies would radio in to intelligence services.
Have you communicated with aliens?
Smiths answer (A) “Some of the communications have been on a face-to-face basis but I have not been so honored myself. Some of the communications have been by ordinary radio, and I have received a few messages by this means. But by far the majority of the communications are by what we call Tensor Beam transmission, which uses a type of radio with which we are only vaguely familiar, and which I couldn’t possibly attempt to describe now. However, the mental images of the person wishing to transmit are picked up electrically amplified and modulated into a tensor beam, which is directed to the person to whom the transmission is addressed, and within whose brain the mental images are recreated. The transmissions are therefore very precise, and independent of language. I have had some experience with these transmissions myself and can say that they are like nothing within the conventional experiences of earth people.”
They spear to be from another planet and the studies o one saucer that fell in the US indicated it operated on some hitherto unknown magnetic principles. Our own geo-magnetics might well be the link to their technology.The theory of operation of the saucers became quite straight forward with all observe features explained qualitatively and questitatively.
Q: Do you believe that flying saucers are real?
A: Yes. I am convinced that they are just as real and tangible as most things we deal with in our everyday lives. I made enquires through the Canadian Embassy concerning the saucers: This is the most highly classified subject in the United State, rating higher than the H bomb. Flying saucers exist but their operandi is unknown but consegrated effort is being made by a small group headed by Doctor Vanever Bush. The entire matter is considered by the United States authorities to be of tremendous significances. The US would welcome help in geo-magnetics and are willing to discuss it with accredited Canadians.
Q: Why do you think they are real?
A: Because thousands of people have seen them, many under circumstances, which virtually preclude misinterpretation, many of these sightings have been coordinated with radar fixes. Photographs have been taken and physical evidence has been accumulated.
Q: Have you ever seen a flying saucer yourself?
A: I have seen several objects which I concluded were flying saucers simply because they couldn’t be anything else.
General Ramey and Jesse Marcelwith possible Roswell Craft debris
Q: Have you, you actually handled any material believed to be from a flying saucer?
A: If by that you mean material substance showing evidence of fabrication through intelligent effort and not originating on this planet, I have. But I cannot say from my own knowledge that it was ever part of a flying saucer. Unfortunately, most of my contacts in this direction were through classified channels, which for some particular reason, which I could never fathom, insisted in “Classifying” these matters, and I am not at liberty to discuss them further.
Q: How long have you been studying flying saucers?
A: I didn’t get around to active participation until 1950, when I was attending a rather slow-moving broadcastngi conference in Washington D.C. and having some free time on my hands, I circulated around asking a few questions about flying saucers, which stirred up a hornet’s nest. I found that the U.S. government had a highly classified project set up to study them, so I reasoned that with so much smoke maybe I should look for the fire. So I set about gathering as much sighting data as I could get a hold of and analyzing it, from which I concluded that there was a 91% probability that the saucers were real, and a 60% probability that they were alien craft of some kind.
Q: What is the “official” view of flying saucers?
A: I don’t even know if there is one, in Canada. It has been my experience that no one who takes even a little time to study the evidence available publicly remains skeptic very long. This is quite apart from those who have had access and studied the larger files of evidence collected by private and semi-official organizations.
(Wings markings in Roswell beam debris. Courtesy of Roswell Photo Interpretation Team)
Q: What have you found out about flying saucers?
A: There is much evidence that people who build and fly flying saucers are people very much like us. They have been seen on many occasions and there are many claims of personal contact having been established with them. Communications with these people tell us that they are our distant relatives; that we are descendants of their colonists on this planet, and that they still regard us as brothers even though we don’t often act like it. There is much evidence that the technology of these people is quite a bit ahead of ours, and that through study of the behavior of the saucers and from the alleged communications we have been able to piece together some of this amazing technology. We are informed that these people are really civilized, in that they regard all men as brothers; that they do not have wars, and live under conditions of personal freedom of which we cannot conceive.
Q: Have you any indication of why the saucers are here at this time?
A: There is much evidence in history, legend and the Bible, that flying saucers have visited this planet on many occasions in the past and that the present visitation is nothing new; it is simply a bit more intense than in the past and we have better news dissemination means now. I think that these people from elsewhere are concerned with our playing with atomic energy, and about our plans for space travel and interplanetary exploration and conquest. I am sure that they do not hold us in very high esteem, and are worried about what we might do if we ever got loose in space with nuclear weapons.
(Painting of Madonna and Child by Jacopo Del Sellaio Palazzo Vecchio – 1485)
Q: Have you any ideas about how flying saucers operate?
A: They are not nearly so self-limited in science as we are. Our observations indicate that the saucers can hover indefinitely in one place, or they can dart off with very high accelerations. Also, they can change direction quickly; all this with utter disregard of the laws of inertia, as we understand them. From this we conclude that they must understand these laws better that we do and have found ways of getting around the situation. Our own work along these lines, aided by tips from outside, indicates that the trick is through gravity control wherein the earth’s gravity field is bent to accommodate the action required.
Q: How do you think flying saucers affect religion?
A: As far as I can determine, these people from elsewhere are a great deal more religious than we are. They believe in a Supreme Creator, the brotherhood and divinity of Man, and a plan for the evolution of all. To these people, their religion is a matter of daily reality, not just Sunday profession, and they certainly seem to practice what we preach. I can find no contradictions with any of the religions of this planet.
Q: Do you have any idea where these people come from?
A: I am informed through the many contacts that these people come from everywhere; that there is no place in the universe where men can live that he does not live.
Q: How about traveling about in the universe? Doesn’t it take a terribly long time?
A: I am afraid our ideas about certain things are due for a severe revision in the not too distant future. I am informed that time is not at all what we think it is, but is in fact variable. Also, that the velocity of light is not at all a limiting velocity. It merely appears so to us because we can’t see any faster. I understand that these people from elsewhere can and do travel about a great deal and they don’t take years to do it.
A: “I have made no secret of the information with which I am entrusted, and will gladly pass it on to anyone who is sincerely interested and wants to learn. I am NOT a missionary.”
Note: According to Smith’s son Jim Smith, shortly before his death in 1962 Wilbert called his son in, and told him that he had in fact seen the alien bodies from a crash, and had been shown a crashed flying saucer outside of Washington D.C., while conducting the official Canadian investigation. The 1961 interview continues. Thanks to Nick Balaskas who recovered this interview. The Smith files are held at the University of Ottawa and at: http://www.presidentialufo.com/quotes.htm
Are Aliens In Control?
The history of the world suggests the aliens create situations controlling the major happenings and direction of world events. The abduction evidence suggests the aliens are trying to control our world for their purposes. The future is not in the hands of humanity, but in the control of the aliens. They are either hostile, neutral, or our friends. We can assume the aliens have the capability to destroy our civilization out right or invade us using military aggression. We may actually benefit from their interference for example the devolution of the Soviet Union likely prevented World War III. Several KGB Colonels insisted Soviet bases were attacked by triangle shaped UFOs and President Mikhail Gorbachev was threatened by aliens. On 26 December 1991, the Soviet Union was dissolved.
We are essentially powerless to stop an alien take over, but could probably mount an effective guerrilla type war against the abductions. The Earth’s air forces and air defense systems have tried unsuccessfully to engage the UFOs on several occasions. Occasionally a UFO is downed but generally the craft are immune to our weapons. The aliens have shown the ability and willingness to defend themselves when necessary. They have destroyed or disabled our defenses at will. Fortunately, they do not to carry out organized aggressive activity against military facilities. The United States, USSR and Cuban aircraft and missile sites have been destroyed or shut down. Although, they have not destroyed significant facilities on Earth, they give no indication that they wish to help humanity. It is likely the aliens have underground or underwater bases on earth and a nuclear war would hinder or destroy their operations.
We often hear that the aliens are our space brothers and will provide great benefits to humanity. Thus far, we have not received any known benefits such as cures for disease or solutions to our environmental problems. There are a few abductees who feel the aliens have healed them of disease or sickness. Seldom do the aliens reveal any knowledge that we can substantiate in any way. If advanced technology has been received it has come from crashed craft rather than an exchange of information. Often the communication is very similar to information obtained by channeling and seldom of a technical nature. Much of it sounds good, but there is no real substance or knowledge provided and it is often contradictory. There is very little hard evidence about or on aliens. We are not sure about alien motivations and goals. They are masters of deception and control and use it effectively to carry out their plan.
They may be apathetic to our feelings or concerns. They may be conducting an intense sociological and psychological study of humanity. The alien plan may be to avoid disturbing the test subjects and their environment.
If you study an ant colony you avoid damaging the colony, otherwise the results will be in error. When we visit the zoo, we watch the polar bears, but we don’t try to talk with them. Our intelligence level may be too low for them to attempt realistic communication. Perhaps, intelligent contact may have already taken place with some of our political leaders and agreement was reached not to exchange ideas with the average person. Its even possible the advanced alien visitors have not been told what the real mission is for the future.
All of the alien activity, energy, and effort that we have detected implies a very important motive. Many aliens appear to come from much older civilizations, where there suns may be wearing out and need a planet with a newer sun.
The Torah, Bible and Koran scriptures reveal the aliens are in a life and death struggle for the control of men’s minds, souls and for the final control of the Earth The abductees have been told been told mostly by the gray humanoids that their planet is dying, some type of disaster occurred, and they have come to Earth to seek provisions, their survival is in jeopardy, and they need our genetic strength. There is speculation they need us and our livestock as sources of food, for rejuvenation of their race, and raw materials. Fetal tissue an excellent source of healthly cells that would be useful in rejuvenation or cloning of the alien bodies. Many of the humans and humanoids aboard the UFOs seem as if they were cloned. Most abductees feel there is a grand deception going on. That they do not really like us, but simply play a game of friendship that is necessary rather than altruistic. In fact, it is fairly common for mothers and grandmothers of the abductees to report religious experiences from the past that have a strange similarity to today’s abductionsFor different times and beliefs there are different scenarios.
Mankind has something the aliens need. We can speculate the aliens need, sustenance, water, the ability to bare children and minerals. They need humans to prevent alien extinction and for the reproduction. of life itself. It is possible they gain nourishment from the body fluids, blood, fetal tissue, glandular secretions and enzymes they extract from animal mutilations and human abductions, We are not exactly sure how their digestive system operates, but they appear to take small amounts of cereal and absorb fluids through their pores. If no animals are available they could survive by a form of cannibalization. We are useful to the aliens because we raise the animals they use for nourishment and have done so for thousands of years. They often voice concern over nuclear war and the environment, because they need the Earth to survive. The Grays often communicate they come from various planets and star systems. I suspect that the Earth may in fact be their real or adopted home. Its probable they came from another planet at some time in the past and continue to travel to their original home.
At any time the Gray’s may choose to conquer Earth, thus far it has suited their interest to kidnap, mutilate, and terrorize. As a military person, I believe some fairly effective means could be developed to counter many of the alien’s plans. I would like to believe at this moment effective counter-measures are under construction. Until we have some method of dealing with the aliens there is no need to alarm the general public by announcing their presence. There is some evidence that we may be involved be involved in an intergalactic war. The aliens are using us to improve their race with humans superior attributes of strength and ability to fight. There are ancient religious documents and modern accounts of UFOs being destroyed by other craft, an alien Force: Based on recent surveys mentioned on the Ron Reagan TV show, the son of our past president about 30% of the American public claims to have seen devils, ghosts or aliens. About 12% claim to have seen UFOs, if half were abducted we have a sizable alien force on this planet.
I would estimate that twelve million Americans have been abducted been abducted To accomplish this task, a large UFO fleet would be required with bases placed in convenient locations around the earth for ease of operation. Two thousand UFOs and their crews would be needed for the purpose of abductions. An estimated hundred bases with many underground, undersea or fairly deep space bases would be needed with about two UFOs per state in the United States. Lets assume each craft could abduct ten persons, for an hour each night. The ships and their ground crews would need maintenance work once each week. The aircrews could work about 300 nights a year, giving them one night off a week and two weeks vacation each year. Robots or part flesh such as Grays could work every day without rest. Each crew could be given quota of making 3,000 abductions a year. Multiplied by 2,000 crews the Grays could abduct 600,000 per year or about 6 million people over ten years Some crews may be needed be needed to find minerals, food, blood, animals, or what ever is deemed is useful by the aliens to keep the fleet in operation. Crews are usually described as having three to five members. The alien force may not number over 10,000 and would be too small to control the Earth’s population. They could be very vulnerable to attack by the military forces of our earth, if their bases were known. They appear to be breeding highbreds that are half human and half alien that could substantionally increase their numbers.
It seems impossible that this large a force could operate without crashing, or leaving evidence behind. There is strong indication that if a crash happens the authorities pick up the wreckage and the bodies. A military unit implies military enemies.
Monthly Statistical MUFON Report for August 2018
CMS continues to amass sighting reports from around the globe. In August 2018 there were 734 sightings reported to MUFON through CMS from the following countries;
Germany 10, and
Director Jan Harzan writes, Looking back on 2017, it was a busy year for the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), with more than 7,600 UFO reports filed by the public. From that larger number, the cases that occurred in 2017 numbered 5,985. MUFON Field Investigators, after careful investigation, closed out 608 of those cases as Unknown Aerial Vehicles and an additional 500 as Unknown-Other. Our research team weeded out the resolved cases-Identified Flying Objects-and those cases closed as Insufficient Data or as a hoax.
All reports 7,651 5,485
Unknown Aerial Vehicle 1,065 857
Unknown-Other 784 657
Information Only 857 584
2017 reports only 5,985 4,387
2017 UAVs 6 08 749
2017 Unknown-Other 500 580
2017 Info Only 334 498
Hurricane Florence Flooding Spreads as Storm Moves,18 Dead
WILMINGTON, N.C. — Emergency workers delivered truckloads of food and water to Wilmington, a city of 120,000 people mostly cut off from the rest of North Carolina by Florence’s still-rising floodwaters, as helicopters and boat pulled people from homes swamped by swollen rivers. The deadly storm still had abundant rain and high winds.
Hurricane Florence continued to ravage North Carolina on Sunday, prompting weather alerts for every county in the state. The storm moved sluggishly — it made landfall at about 6 mph Friday and had slowed to 2 mph on Saturday, dumping massive amounts of rain as it went. The deluge, called a 1,000-year rain. We send our prayers and help to those in need.
- Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen) Categorie:FILER FILES - overzicht met foto's met dank aan Georges Filer en WWW.nationalUFOCenter.com (ENG)
Filer’s Files #38 – 2018 Are the Aliens in Control? - PART II
Filer’s Files #38 – 2018 Are the Aliens in Control? - PART II
UFO Sightings in the United States
Arkansas Game Camera
Hot Springs — The three pictures were taken by a game camera in my backyard on the following times….11:22pm 09/09/18…..2:10am 09/10/18…..2:22am 09/10/18. This is the second photo. No one else that I have talked to saw the lights. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Camarillo–I was in the backyard with my mother and my son I looked up and I saw a hovering Orb. I was all jacked that started in meeting more of the brightness and then with them in a look like there was a smaller or just below the larger object on September 18, 2018.
It hovered for a few minutes and then took off south southeast very slowly. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Tampa— Walking the dog on September 15, 2018, it didn’t look like an airplane or jet it was small and white.
It moved slowly across the sky, then it’s gone. I was amazed and I couldn’t believe it and it just kept moving slowly till it was gone. I didn’t see it anymore and was gone. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Chicago — We saw 6 objects flying in formation above Chicago. Five were similar in that they had a shiny metallic like appearance like they were blinking.
One was in the middle of the formation, alternating red and white. They were moving pretty slow or they were so high up they appeared to be moving slowly, but staying in formation the entire time. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Fort Wayne — I work the night shift and some fellow colleagues and I have noticed an object in the sky at least the past three nights on September 16, 2018. The object moved south very slowly at a 40° angle from the earth surface. It pulsates different reds, yellows, greens, blues, and white lights.It does not make a noise. We do have two airports in Fort Wayne near this object. I personally live near the airport and observe many aircraft and this is nothing like that. My first guess would be a weather balloon admitting an LED light. But we’ve seen at the last three nights and would not make sense for someone to just release a big balloon with an LED light. I live near the airport and observe many aircraft and this is nothing like that. We’ve seen the lights the last three nights and would not make sense for someone to just release a big balloons with an LED outside. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Frankfurt –I was taking a picture of a rainbow from the hurricane that was blowing in and something flew into the picture. I don’t know what it was maybe you can shed light on this
Photo was taken on September 16, 2018. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Ocean City — My wife, a friend and I were sitting on our balcony at our condo, when my friend observed an orangeish light appear over the ocean. It was a very bright circle shape and would stay illuminated for 2-5 seconds, then fade out. A couple seconds would pass, then illuminate again in the same spot. A couple minutes would pass and it happened again, at a similar location. We tried to figure out if it was a plane or and the circle was way to big to be a plane and silent. After the third appearance. a second one appeared farther to the south doing the same thing but a little lower in the sky. We could see planes flying and their red and blue lights blinking. After about 10 visuals of the objects they stopped appearing. The lights were very bright my cell phone video doesn’t really show the size or brightness of them. In the videos you can’t see the boats lights which were just below on the ocean. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Bellingham – About 8:30 pm my mother, stepfather and I stepped out onto the back porch on September 16, 2018. We noticed an orange orb of light in the southern sky just above the tree line. It was moving towards us. I took out my telescope to view it and quickly realized it was not a drone or a plane or helicopter. After about an hour it stopped at what seemed right above the edge of our yard. We then noticed a white orb of light in the western sky making movements all over the place and after about an hour disappeared. In the meantime the orange orb was making the same type of movements basically staying in the same small area altitude. We watched for hours in amazement. It is 11:07 pm now and it is still out there. I took some pictures through my telescope before coming in for the night
Lawrence — My mother, my two small children and I were out for a walk on September 19, 2018. I looked at the horizon and saw a glowing object flying through the clouds. I took out my phone and started taking pictures. The object appeared to disappear and then reappeared in the same spot, taking the same flight path.
An airplane then flew perpendicular to it and it became very apparent that the object was definitely not an airplane. We continued walking and stopped to talk to some neighbors. When we looked back up, the object was gone. I was excited and nervous at the same time about seeing the object. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Minnesota Circle of Lights
Stillwater — Witness was driving along 36 and Lake Elmo Avenue when he and his girlfriend saw this in the sky.
Witness observed for 4 minutes taking multiple pictures. Then it ascended quickly and was gone.
“No doubt in my mind it was a spacecraft of some kind” witness also positive it wasn’t some reflection or spot lights due to it flying away.mbe
Photo was taken on September 15, 2018. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Webb City –This picture was taken on August 31, 2018 at 1:49pm by a friend of mine as she and her sister were driving north on N. Rangeline Road. On September 3, 2018. My friend was the passenger and she was leaning over towards the center of the car to get a picture of heavy storms. She says that neither of them saw anything in the sky. When she pulled the picture up to view it and see if they got a good pic of the clouds they also saw this object. Surprised and they pulled into a parking lot and got out to check the sky but nothing was in the sky then. She shared the pic with me because she knew I have an avid interest in the subject of UFOs and paranormal happenings.
The pic does appear to be elevated in the sky and certainly no kind of reflection. Thanks to MUFON CMS
New Jersey Light
Margate — We came home from dinner on September 15, 2018, and I looked in the sky and said, “What are those four bright lights in the sky all in a straight line?” Then they started to get around and then got back. I thought this was crazy and unusual and asked my daughter to film it. Many lights and shaped cams out of these four lights and then they formed a straight line again. This went on for about ten minutes. We felt dizzy and light after the sighting . And felt very weird, hard to explain. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Portland— A few friends of mine were out at night on September 19, 2018, and saw 6 or more large obvious lights in the sky. The general lack of speed they exhibited was strange, usually a plane or a helicopter even when viewed from far away are obviously going from one point to another. These lights didn’t seem to have a particular sense of urgency. The lights themselves seem to be very large balls of light slowly trailing through the sky. The lights were together when they split into 6 separate lights. During the split, they were descending slowly, and stopped at the same time and hovered. They slowly re positioned themselves (either floating up or down) into a straight-ish line.
There is another “unlit” light hovering some distance above the rest of the lights. The general response from the witnesses was disbelief. Thanks to MUFON CMS
I was on my porch (2nd. story up on “the Ridge”) looking west and hovering over the PA Turnpike (between Quakertown Exit and Lansdale exit) I kept staring at what I thought was an airplane on September 19, 2018. After other various planes flew thru the area, this one just stayed and made no noise, and refused to do anything other than hover. After about 20 minutes I decided to get my cameras out. I could not see anything in the viewfinder so I just started shooting while pointed in the direction of the subject. I transferred the files from the SD Card and sat in amazement. One looked like an X-Wing fighter from star wars. Others looked like puffed up Asian dragons from artwork I have viewed over the years. One look like a superhero with arms outstretched flying right for me with a determined expression! I am an artist and retired Professional Photographer. These “CRAFT” are not from local planet. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Worldwide UFO Sightings
Innsbruck — Unknown lights appeared on the runway of Innsbruck Airport (LOWI) in Austria. The object was stationary, but due to darkness I could not see if it landed or was hovering slightly above the surface. Three lights were arranged linearly and the 4th light was exactly above the third light from the linear row (counted from the left from my perspective). I can exclude any commercial airplane or light aircraft, because I also observed the four lights exactly in the same intensity and shining, in a completely different angle of sight. This would not be possible from a stationary airplane with taxi landing-lights. Additionally no strobes were detected. The lights were present before I recognized them, but 5 minutes after my first sighting a convoy of multiple cars of about ten were heading towards the object and were circling one time around it and then headed back towers the terminal-building. The object was near the end of the runway in western direction. Two pictures from two completely different angles (distance between both viewing point 500 meters). After 20 minutes I decided to drive with my car parallel to the runway to observe the object more clearly, but it disappeared. I didn’t see it disappear, but after 5-6 minutes there were no lights anywhere on the runway. After this I just only saw the car convoy near the terminal building and the runway-lights were switched off with the last landings at 10 pm due to noise regulations. I’m a former employee of the Innsbruck Airport and I never experienced such convoys. I know runway and aircraft-type lights and these were unknown lights. Unfortunately the two photos of the two sighting locations are quite bad. In Reality the 3 linear lights in the row near ground were isolated ball shaped lights and exactly equidistant to each other. The distance of the 4th light to the third of the three lights below were also of the same distance as in the linear row. Thanks to MUFON CMS
I was in the roof of my house doing a little stargazing when I look over the SE corner of my view on September 19, 2018. I saw a triangular shape craft that is quite huge that was gliding straight into the most cloudiest part of the horizon. It revealed a transparent triangular shape to me just before it disappeared into some heavier clouds. I think it went there to hide I don’t know. It was like in the movies on how a stealth object has this transparent effect it was like that just before it enters the cloudy area. I saw it flicker a bit while keeping its transparency but what surprises me is the thinner clouds helped exposed the object to me. I don’t know if anyone else in the Philippines saw it. P.S. do not tell me it’s an Airplane because I know what I saw. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Valencia — The 15th of September of 2018 a blue static orb was seen floating above the Parc Benicalap, in the City of Valencia, Spain.
A blue static orb was seen floating in the sky above Parc Benicalap. Thanks to MUFON CMS
UK/ England Kent
Margate Beach— Out walking our dog and did not notice anything at the time. Only noticed the light within the photograph. No editing of the photo has taken place.
Photo was taken on September 15, 2018. Thanks to MUFON CMS
Lancaster — It was just hovering and then when I pulled my phone out to take pictures on April 27, 2018. it started to move weirdly as if trying to avoid my camera. This is the only clear picture I could get. It has no editing to it just the raw picture if anyone can make it clearer then that would be a great help. I first noticed it when I was in my back garden it was a clear day and I just saw it floating. When I first saw it, I immediately thought drone or a plane but it was too high to be a drone and it is not in the shape of a plane. It was just hovering and then when I went to take pictures, it started to move very fast and agile so I could only get one picture. I was mesmerized and being able to take this picture was fascinating as I believe in aliens. Thanks to MUFON CMS
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This Week's Top Space Stories!
This Week's Top Space Stories!
By Doris Elin Salazar, Space.com Contributor
Photo Credit: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
The Week's Top Space Stories
One of Saturn's moons has dust storms like Earth and Mars, tiny hopping rovers reach the asteroid Ryugu and a physicist says World War II bombings had ripple effects on the border between Earth's atmosphere and space. These are just some of the top stories this week from Space.com.
Photo Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona
1. Silent but visible Opportunity
The Opportunity Mars rover hasn't been heard from since June 10, but on Thursday (Sept. 20), NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) spotted the robot on the rim of Mars' Endeavour Crater. Opportunity has been stationary since a large dust storm kept the robot from recharging its solar-powered batteries.
Photo Credit: IPGP/Labex UnivEarthS/University Paris Diderot - C. Epitalon & S. Rodriguez
2. Distant dust storms on Titan
Researchers studied infrared data from the Cassini mission and found bright spots near the equator of Titan, one of Saturn's moons. The new work suggests that Titan is the third rock in the solar system, after Earth and Mars, to have dust storms.
A space and atmospheric physicist combed through World War II archival data and found that the war was felt at the edge of space. The violent bombing raids produced shock waves that briefly weakened the outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere, according to his findings.
A pair of tiny robots recently made it to the asteroid Ryugu, and have sent back exciting imagery. In addition to photography, the Japanese probes are designed to hop across the space rock's surface and gather data.
The Air Force Association (AFA) has argued "more harm than good" would result should the United States establish a separate space branch of the U.S. military. The professional military and aerospace association argued that, even if there's a need for a Space Force, now is not a good time to break up the Air Force which currently manages U.S. space systems.
Scientists working with the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) spotted a second possible exoplanet during its first month of observations. Some researchers think the alien-world hunter may spot 10,000 exoplanets in just two years.
Japan's Kounotori 7 rocket — which translates to "white stork" — launched up towards the International Space Station on Sept. 22. Kounotori 7, also known as HTV-7, lifted off from Japan's Tanagashima Space Center, carrying onboard over 5 tons of food, science equipment and supplies to the space lab.
NASA officials like Jim Bridenstine and Bill Gerstenmaier spoke during congressional hearings on Sept. 26, where they emphasized that Mars is not superseded by the moon as a human-spaceflight target. They said the moon is a stepping stone to meet the Red Planet goal.
The interstellar space-rock 'Oumuamua may have come from around one of four possible stars, according to new research published Sept. 24. The hometown possibilities of this solar system visitor, whose name means "messenger from afar arriving first" in Hawaiian, include a sunlike star, and a red dwarf star.
From 166 miles (or 267 kilometers, if that’s more your speed) away, NASA’s Mars Opportunity rover is a bit hard to see. But after losing contact with the rover on June 10, 2018, the public has finally caught sight of the infamous 15-year-old rover again. (If you’re having trouble seeing it in this game of eye-spy, NASA’s got your back with the white box.)
HiRISE, a high-resolution camera manned by the the University of Arizona aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, nabbed a photo of the Mars Opportunity Rover on September 20. The photo was taken from above the Meridiani Planum, the plains near the red planet’s meridian, where scientists suspect water may once have existed.
If anything, Opportunity chose a fitting, potentially final resting place. After heading into Perseverance Valley, a dust storm overtook the solar-powered rover and blocked its visibility significantly, causing it to enter hibernation mode. At worst, the dust storm completely blocked out Opportunity’s view. The amount of sunlight that reaches the surface of Mars is measured in tau, measured a little over 10 at peak storm. When HiRISE’s picture was recently taken, tau was recorded at approximately 1.3, or about 25 percent of sunlight reaching the surface.
The storm, which at one point completely enveloped Mars, peaked in mid-July. But even after the storm dissipated in August, Opportunity stayed silent. Since then, the loyal team at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory formulated a new outreach plan like Opportunity’s most persistent ex, listening for the rover multiple times a day with a system of “sweeps and beeps” that will continue. The team plans to continue this strategy until January 2019.
Whether Opportunity is simply taking a nap or resting for good remains uncertain. Exactly how much dust has fallen off the the rover’s solar arrays versus how much is coating the arrays is also not clear. Comparing the newest image to those taken a year ago, scientists do hope that Opportunity’s source of energy isn’t completely blocked, according to the University of Arizona. But it’s hard to tell whether Opportunity is experiencing other faults as well. Only time will tell.
Storms have gone global before. In its third summer on Mars, Opportunity faced another storm that blocked out all but 1 percent of the sun for the solar-powered rover.
Opportunity’s companion rover, Spirit, was launched along with it to the red planet, but a faulty wheel eventually caused it to get stuck in late 2009 and its last communication with Earth was in March 2010.
Opportunity, don’t ghost us. We see you. Nearly 14 years past original expiration date, we haven’t given up.
An Opportunity shadow-selfie from 2004, when Opportunity was comparatively young (and had “only” doubled its mission length).
Bizarre Particles Keep Flying Out of Antarctica's Ice, and They Might Shatter Modern Physics
Bizarre Particles Keep Flying Out of Antarctica's Ice, and They Might Shatter Modern Physics
By Rafi Letzter, Staff Writer
There's something mysterious coming up from the frozen ground in Antarctica, and it could break physics as we know it.
Physicists don't know what it is exactly. But they do know it's some sort of cosmic ray — a high-energy particle that's blasted its way through space, into the Earth, and back out again. But the particles physicists know about — the collection of particles that make up what scientists call the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics — shouldn't be able to do that. Sure, there are low-energy neutrinos that can pierce through miles upon miles of rock unaffected. But high-energy neutrinos, as well as other high-energy particles, have "large cross-sections." That means that they'll almost always crash into something soon after zipping into the Earth and never make it out the other side.
And yet, since March 2016, researchers have been puzzling over two events in Antarctica where cosmic rays did burst out from the Earth, and were detected by NASA's Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) — a balloon-borne antenna drifting over the southern continent.
ANITA is designed to hunt cosmic rays from outer space, so the high-energy neutrino community was buzzing with excitement when the instrument detected particles that seemed to be blasting up from Earth instead of zooming down from space. Because cosmic rays shouldn't do that, scientists began to wonder whether these mysterious beams are made of particles never seen before.
All the explanations were intriguing, and suggested that ANITA might have detected a particle not accounted for in the Standard Model. But none of the explanations demonstrated conclusively that something more ordinary couldn't have caused the signal at ANITA.
A new paper uploaded today (Sept. 26) to the preprint server arXiv changes that. In it, a team of astrophysicists from Penn State University showed that there have been more upward-going high-energy particles than those detected during the two ANITA events. Three times, they wrote, IceCube (another, larger neutrino observatory in Antarctica) detected similar particles, though no one had yet connected those events to the mystery at ANITA. And, combining the IceCube and ANITA data sets, the Penn State researchers calculated that, whatever particle is bursting up from the Earth, it has much less than a 1-in-3.5 million chance of being part of the Standard Model. (In technical, statistical terms, their results had confidences of 5.8 and 7.0 sigma, depending on which of their calculations you're looking at.)
Derek Fox, the lead author on the new paper, said that he first came across the ANITA events in May 2018, in one of the earlier papers attempting to explain them.
"I was like, 'Well this model doesn't make much sense,'" Fox told Live Science, "but the [ANITA] result is very intriguing, so I started checking up on it. I started talking to my office neighbor Steinn Sigurdsson [the second author on the paper, who is also at Penn State] about whether maybe we could gin up some more plausible explanations than the papers that have been published to date."
Fox, Sigurdsson and their colleagues started looking for similar events in data collected by other detectors. When they came across possible upward-going events in IceCube data, he said, he realized that he might have come across something really game-changing for physics. [5 Mysterious Particles Lurking Underground]
"That's what really got me going, and looking at the ANITA events with the utmost seriousness," he said, later adding, "This is what physicists live for. Breaking models, setting new constraints [on reality], learning things about the universe we didn't know."
As Live Science has previously reported, experimental, high-energy particle physics has been at a standstill for the last several years. When the 17-mile (27 kilometers), $10 billion Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was completed on the border between France and Switzerland in 2009, scientists thought it would unlock the mysteries of supersymmetry — the mysterious, theoretical class of particles that scientists suspect might exist outside of current physics, but had never detected. According to supersymmetry, every existing particle in the Standard Model has a supersymmetric partner. Researchers suspect these partners exist because the masses of known particles are out of wack — not symmetric with one another.
"Even though the SM works very well in explaining a plethora of phenomena, it still has many handicaps," said Seyda Ipek, a particle physicist at UC Irvine, who was not involved in the current research. "For example, it cannot account for the existence of dark matter, [explain mathematical weirdness in] neutrino masses, or the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe."
Instead, the LHC confirmed the Higgs boson, the final undetected part of the Standard Model, in 2012. And then it stopped detecting anything else that important or interesting. Researchers began to question whether any existing physics experiment could ever detect a supersymmetric particle.
"We need new ideas," Jessie Shelton, a theoretical physicist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, told Live Science in May, around the same time that Fox first became interested in the ANITA data.
Now, several scientists not involved in the Penn State paper told Live Science that it offers solid (if incomplete) evidence that something new has really arrived.
"It was clear from the start that if the ANITA anomalous events are due to particles that had propagated through thousands of kilometers of Earth, then those particles were very likely not SM particles," said Mauricio Bustamante, an astrophysicist at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen, who was not an author on the new paper.
"The paper that appeared today is the first systematic calculation of how unlikely is that these events were due to SM neutrinos," he added. "Their result strongly disfavors a SM explanation."
"I think it's very compelling," said Bill Louis, a neutrino physicist at Los Alamos National Laboratory who was not involved in the paper and has been following research into the ANITA events for several months.
If standard model particle created these anomalies, they should have been neutrinos. Researchers know that both because of the particles they decayed into, and because no other standard model particle would even have a fragment of a chance in a million of making it through the Earth.
But neutrinos of this energy, Louis said, just shouldn't make it through the Earth often enough for ANITA or IceCube to detect. It's not how they work. But neutrino detectors like ANITA and IceCube don't detect neutrinos directly. Instead, they detect the particles that neutrinos decay into after smashing into Earth's atmosphere or Antarctic ice. And there are other events that can generate those particles, triggering the detectors. This paper strongly suggests that those events must have been supersymmetric, Louis said, though he added that more data is necessary.
Louis said that at this stage he thinks that level of specificity is "a bit of a stretch."
The authors make a strong statistical case that no conventional particle would be likely to travel through the Earth in this way, he said, but there isn't yet enough data to be certain. And there's certainly not enough that they could definitively figure out what particle made the trip.
Fox didn't dispute that.
"As an observer, there's no way that I can know that this is a stau," he said. "From my perspective, I go trawling around trying to discover new things about the universe, I come upon some really bizarre phenomenon, and then with my colleagues, we do a little literature search to see if anybody has ever thought that this might happen. And then if we find papers in the literature, including one from 14 years ago that predict something just like this phenomenon, then that gets really high weight from me."
He and his colleagues did find a long chain of papers from theorists predicting that stau sleptons might turn up like this in neutrino observatories. And because those papers were written before the ANITA anomaly, Fox said, that suggests strongly to him that those theorists were onto something.
But there remains a lot of uncertainty on that front, he said. Right now, researchers just know that whatever this particle is, it interacts very weakly with other particles, or else it would have never survived the trip through the planet's dense mass.
Every physicist who spoke with Live Science agreed that researchers need to collect more data to verify that ANITA and IceCube have cracked supersymmetry. It's possible, Fox said, that when IceCube researchers dig into their data archives they'll find more, similar events that had previously gone unnoticed. Louis and Bustamante both said that NASA should run more ANITA flights to see if similar upward-going particles turn up.
"For us to be certain that these events are not due to unknown unknowns — say, unmapped properties of the Antarctic ice — we would like other instruments to also detect these sort of events," Bustamante said.
Over the long-term, if these results are confirmed and the details of what particle is causing them are nailed down, several researchers said that the ANITA anomaly might unlock even more new physics at the LHC.
"Any observation a non-SM particle would be a game changer, because it would tell us which path we should take after the SM," Ipek said. "The type of [supersymmetric] particle they claim to have produced the signals of, sleptons, are very hard to produce and detect at LHC."
"So, it is very interesting if they can be observed by other types of experiments. Of course, if this is true, then we will expect a ladder of other [supersymmetric] particles to be observed at the LHC, which would be a complementary test of the claims."
In other words, the ANITA anomalies could offer scientists the key information necessary to properly tune the LHC to unlock more of supersymmetry. Those experiments might even turn up an explanation for dark matter.
Right now, Fox said, he's just hungry for more data.
For decades, scientists have been scanning Mars’ surface for signs of ancient life. But by digging a little bit deeper, they’ve come across historic habitable zones in unexpected places.
After expanding their search, a team of researchers found that the Red Planet’s ancient subsurface could have housed microbial life for hundreds of millions of years. By borrowing hydrogen electrons from water, microbes could’ve had enough energy to not only survive underground, but to thrive for miles below the surface. If true, future missions could search areas where the subsurface is now exposed and potentially prove the existence of Martian life once and for all.
The study, led by Brown University researchers and published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters, was inspired by a curious phenomenon on Earth. Vast communities of underground microbes here live in darkness without access to the Sun’s chemical energy, the sole source of energy for most organisms on the planet. These enterprising bacteria, though, manage to survive by bumming hydrogen electrons from the water molecules that seep into the subsurface, a process that produces enough energy for them to live on.
Mars obviously doesn’t have the surface water needed to support life nowadays, but with clear signs of historic, flowing water, it likely did. Similar microbes could have theoretically existed there, too.
Despite harsh conditions, Mars’ extremely thin atmosphere and intense radiation would have actually supported these ecosystems. When radiation hits surface water, it kicks off a process called radiolysis, where water molecules to break down into hydrogen and oxygen. Once the molecules are broken down, microbes can easily use the molecular hydrogen to fuel their existence.
To find out if these underground communities could have existed, the research team looked at three different factors. First, they used data from NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft’s gamma ray spectrometer to chart abundances of thorium, potassium and uranium in Mars’ crust. These elements give off radiation when they break down, kickstarting radiolysis. They also decay at constant rates, so by calculating their current abundances, they could estimate how much radiation rained down throughout history.
Embedded lake beds and dried up rivers tell us that there was no shortage of water exposed to radiation, but the team still needed to figure out how much of it soaked into the ground. To do so, they used density measurements to see how porous Mars’ crust was, allowing them to estimate how much hydrogen dripped into the subsurface. The last step was to look for underground regions that boasted a comfortable temperature. They used geothermal and climate models to see which areas were warm enough to harbor liquid water, but weren’t so warm that heat from Mars’ core would harm the ecosystem.
Taken with NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter’s HiRISE camera, the image shows Syrtis Major, a volcanic region that’s exposes Mars’ ancient subsurface. The area is currently being considered as a landing site for NASA’s Mars 2020 rover.
(Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona)
After adding up these factors, the researchers found that around 4 billion years ago, the Martian subsurface was soaking up enough hydrogen to energize microbes for hundreds of millions of years. Their model shows that the ecosystems extended several miles into the subsurface and could withstand both warmer and cooler conditions than expected. In fact, thick layers of ice actually trapped hydrogen molecules underground, making extremely cold regions the ideal home for hungry microbes.
“People have a conception that a cold early Mars climate is bad for life, but what we show is that there’s actually more chemical energy for life underground in a cold climate,” said the study’s lead author, Jesse Tarnas of Brown University, in a press statement. “That’s something we think could change people’s perception of the relationship between climate and past life on Mars.”
There are still a lot of factors to take into consideration, though. The study assumes that Martian microbes looked like those on Earth, when they could have behaved completely differently. Plus, whether or not any sort of life has existed on Mars is still unknown. But showing that it would have had enough energy to survive is another hopeful sign of extraterrestrials there.
The only way to prove this theory, though, is to investigate areas where the subsurface is now exposed, like deep meteor impact craters. Luckily, NASA’s Mars 2020 rover will soon be heading to the Red Planet, and will use this new data to continue our never-ending search for Martian life.
Les matériaux d’un OVNI sont actuellement étudiés par des scientifiques de haute volée – et les résultats sont DINGUES
Les matériaux d’un OVNI sont actuellement étudiés par des scientifiques de haute volée – et les résultats sont DINGUES
Des scientifiques de haut niveau affirment étudier du matériel provenant d’un OVNI qui s’est écrasé dans ce qu’ils disent être un développement potentiellement révolutionnaire.
To The Stars Academy, un groupe d’anciens membres des services secrets, d’employés du gouvernement américain et de scientifiques, prétend avoir sept échantillons d’une soucoupe volante abattue.
“Chaque échantillon représente différents éléments de phénomènes aériens non identifiés potentiels et leur mode de fonctionnement”, a déclaré l’académie.
Les premières études des objets dans le cadre du Projet de recherche ‘Adam’ ont donné des résultats incroyables, selon les rapports.
Les matériaux auraient appartenu à des phénomènes aériens non identifiés (UAP).
Selon To the Stars Academy, l’échantillon de magnésium-zinc-bismuth provient de la récupération d’un crash d’UAP, mais admet que la “source ne peut être vérifiée”.
Selon des experts, il n’existe “aucun précédent pour cette combinaison structurée de matériaux” et “l’objet ou la fonction véritable du matériau est inconnu”.
Fait intriguant, il est dit qu’un côté de l’échantillon semble avoir été produit en usine parce qu’il a un contour défini.
Ils ont également découvert que le matériau agit comme un guide d’ondes pour les fréquences térahertz (ondes électromagnétiques).
“D’autres tests sont prévus sur les matériaux”, a rapporté Disclose TV.
Le gouvernement américain stocke les matériaux capturés d’OVNI dans un immense hangar lourdement gardé près de Las Vegas, ce qui a également été affirmé récemment.
L’Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (AATIP) du Pentagone a enquêté sur les soucoupes volantes pendant quatre ans à partir de 2008.
Le programme de 18 millions d’euros a été lancé après que l’ancien sénateur démocrate du Nevada, Harry Reid, eut insisté pour sa création.
Bigelow Aerospace, fondée par l’entrepreneur et ufologue Robert Bigelow, 73 ans, a travaillé aux côtés de fonctionnaires, dont Luis Elizondo, et il a été rapporté que des matériaux et des alliages d’OVNIS qui se sont écrasés sont entreposés au siège social de l’entreprise, à la périphérie nord de Las Vegas.
Le New York Times a rapporté l’année dernière que “sous la direction de M. Bigelow, la société a modifié des bâtiments à Las Vegas pour le stockage d’alliages métalliques et d’autres matériaux qui, selon M. Elizondo et les entrepreneurs du programme, avaient été récupérés de phénomènes aériens non identifiés.”
“Les chercheurs ont aussi enquêté sur des personnes qui ont dit avoir subi des effets physiques à la suite de contacts avec les objets et les ont examinés à la recherche de changements physiologiques.”
An ambitious, student-run hunt for intelligent aliens is underway.
The Trillion Planet Survey has begun scanning the huge Andromeda galaxy, as well as our own Milky Way, for beams of light that could have been produced by advanced alien civilizations. (The project's name stems from the fact that Andromeda harbors about 1 trillion stars, and stars in general are thought to host at least one planet on average.)
"First and foremost, we are assuming there is a civilization out there of similar or higher class than ours trying to broadcast their presence using an optical beam, perhaps of the 'directed energy' arrayed type currently being developed here on Earth," lead researcher Andrew Stewart, a student at Emory University in Atlanta, said in a statement. [13 Ways to Hunt Intelligent Alien Life]
"Second, we assume the transmission wavelength of this beam to be one that we can detect," Stewart added. "Lastly, we assume that this beacon has been left on long enough for the light to be detected by us. If these requirements are met and the extraterrestrial intelligence's beam power and diameter are consistent with an Earth-type civilization class, our system will detect this signal."
That system employs an image-analysis pipeline and the global network of small (1-meter-class, or 3.3 feet), robotically controlled telescopes operated by the Las Cumbres Observatorye.
Each telescope by itself captures a roughly 3 percent slice of Andromeda, which lies about 2.5 million light-years from Earth. The team will combine a set of these photos to create a single image, which will then be compared to a pristine "control" photo of the galaxy — one unsullied, for example, by satellites passing overhead.
Any differences between the two images could theoretically result from light signals produced by E.T. (though there could of course be natural explanations as well). Such "transients" will be processed by the data pipeline, which will help weed out false positives, team members said.
"One of the things the software checks for is, say, a satellite that did go through our image," Kyle Friedman, a senior from Granada Hills Charter High School in Los Angeles, said in the same statement. "It wouldn't be small. It would be pretty big, and if that were to happen the software would immediately recognize it and throw out that image before we actually even process it."
Stewart, Friedman and their colleagues are in the research group of cosmologist Philip Lubin, a professor of physics at the University of California, Santa Barbara, who has a lot of space-laser experience.
For example, Lubin is a key player in the $100 million Breakthrough Starshot program, which aims to develop a spaceflight system composed of lasers and tiny, sail-equipped spacecraft. These lasers could accelerate the robotic nanoprobes to 20 percent the speed of light, Breakthrough Starshot team members have said, so the craft could reach nearby exoplanet systems just decades after launch. (Using current rocket technology, such flights would take tens of thousands of years at a minimum.)
And Lubin has previously proposed looking for signs of "directed energy" spaceflight systems that E.T. might be using.
The Trillion Planet Survey is already observing Andromeda and getting the project's pipeline ready to go, team members said. The image analysis may be complete in just a few weeks, but similar observations could continue to be made indefinitely, so the researchers can hunt for signs they may have missed.
For most of the 60-year history of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence(SETI), researchers have hunted for radio signals. The new project is an example of a newer strategy known as optical SETI, which Trillion Planet Survey team members said should work in concert with the traditional method.
"In no way are we suggesting that radio SETI should be abandoned in favor of optical SETI," Stewart said. "We just think the optical bands should be explored as well."
The Maya Civilisation Was Far More Complex Than We Thought, Major Discovery Has Revealed
The Maya Civilisation Was Far More Complex Than We Thought, Major Discovery Has Revealed
In the autumn of 1929, Anne Morrow Lindbergh and her husband Charles flew across the Yucatán Peninsula. With Charles at the controls, Anne snapped photographs of the jungles just below.
She wrote in her journal of Maya structures obscured by large humps of vegetation. A bright stone wall peeked through the leaves, “unspeakably alone and majestic and desolate – the mark of a great civilization gone.”
Nearly a century later, surveyors once again took flight over the ancient Maya empire, and mapped the Guatemala forests with lasers.
The 2016 survey, whose first results were published this week in the journal Science, comprises a dozen plots covering 830 square miles, an area larger than the island of Maui. It is the largest such survey of the Maya region, ever.
The study authors describe the results as a revelation. “It’s like putting glasses on when your eyesight is blurry,” said study author Mary Jane Acuña, director of El Tintal Archaeological Project in Guatemala.
In the past, archaeologists had argued that small, disconnected city-states dotted the Maya lowlands, though that conception is falling out of favor.
This study shows that the Maya could extensively “exploit and manipulate” their environment and geography, Acuña said. Maya agriculture sustained large populations, who in turn forged relationships across the region.
Combing through the scans, Acuña and her colleagues, an international 18-strong scientific team, tallied 61,480 structures. These included: 60 miles of causeways, roads and canals that connected cities; large maize farms; houses large and small; and, surprisingly, defensive fortifications that suggest the Maya came under attack from the west of Central America.
What lidar can reveal.
(Luke Auld-Thomas and Marcello A. Canuto/PACUNAM)
“We were all humbled,” said Tulane University anthropologist Marcello Canuto, the study’s lead author.
“All of us saw things we had walked over and we realized, oh wow, we totally missed that.”
Parcak, whose space archaeology program GlobalXplorer.org has been described as the love child of Google Earth and Indiana Jones, is a champion of using satellite data to remotely observe sites in Egypt and elsewhere.
“The scale of information that we’re able to collect now is unprecedented,” Parcak said, adding that this survey is “going to upend long-held theories about ancient Maya society.”
With support from a Guatemala-based heritage foundation called Pacunam, the researchers conducted the massive and expensive survey using lidar, or light detection and ranging. They mapped several active archaeological sites, plus well-studied Maya cities like Tikal and Uaxactun.
Lidar’s principles are similar to radar, except instead of radio waves lidar relies on laser light. From an aircraft flying just a few thousand feet above the canopy, the surveyors prickled each square meter with 15 laser pulses. Those pulses penetrate vegetation but bounce back from hard stone surfaces. Using lidar, you can’t see the forest through the invisible trees.
Beneath the thick jungle, ruins appeared. Lots and lots of them.
Extrapolated over the 36,700 square miles, which encompasses the total Maya lowland region, the authors estimate the Maya built as many as 2.7 million structures. These would have supported 7 million to 11 million people during the Classic Period of Maya civilization, around the years 650 to 800, in line with other Maya population estimates.
“We’ve been working in this area for over a century,” Canuto said. “It’s not terra incognita, but we didn’t have a good appreciation for what was really there.”
Archaeologist Arlen Chase, a Maya specialist at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas who was not involved with this survey, said for years he has argued that the Maya society was more complex than widely accepted.
In 1998, he and archaeologist Diane Chase, his wife, described elaborate agricultural terraces at the Maya city of Caracol in Belize. “Everybody would not believe we had terraces!” he said.
He gets much less push back now, he said. “The paradigm shift that we’ve predicted was happening is in fact happening” Chase said, which he credits to lidar data. He has seen lidar evolve from a “hush-hush type of technology” used by the military to map Fallujah streets to a powerful archaeological tool.
Chase, who previously used lidar at Caracol, where as many as 100,000 people lived, compares this technology to carbon-14 dating. Radiocarbon dating gives archaeologists a much more accurate timeline.
Lidar is about to do the same for archaeologists’ sense of space, particularly in densely forested areas near the equator. Two years ago, researchers used lidar mapped dense urban infrastructure around Angkor, the seat of the medieval Khmer Empire in Cambodia.
“We’re just getting started in so many major sites around the world, whether it’s Angkor Wat, whether it’s Tikal in Central America or major sites in Egypt,” Parcak said.
For all its power, lidar cannot supplant old-fashioned archaeology. For 8 percent of the survey area, the archaeologists confirmed the lidar data with boots-on-the-ground visits.
This “ground truthing” suggests that the lidar analysis was conservative – they found the predicted structures, and then some.
“There is still much more ground to cover and work to do,” said Acuña, who will continue to study the large ancient Maya city of El Tindal.
Could you imagine, Canuto said, what might be found through a lidar survey of the Amazon? With technology like this, no forested frontiers are final.
Is This The Best Video Footage Ever Filmed of the Mysterious Triangle-Shaped ‘UFO’?
Is This The Best Video Footage Ever Filmed of the Mysterious Triangle-Shaped ‘UFO’?
The mysterious triangle-shaped ‘unidentified flying object’ is perhaps one of the most famous of UFOs.
Seen on countless occasions all around the world, the triangle-shaped UFO is perhaps the ultimate proof that UFO does not necessarily mean Extraterrestrial.
All evidence currently seems to support the idea that the mysterious object is in fact nothing other than an ultra-secret flying vehicle belonging to the government of the United States.
Dubbed as the TR-3B, the triangle shaped UFO was spotted by a driver who was returning home from work when he managed to record using his mobile, one of the best videos of the mysterious flying object.
Upon reviewing the recording, he observed that he had, in fact, spotted something inexplicable, a bright triangular object, flying in the distance.
The video has already accumulated thousands of ‘Likes’ after the source, who spoke to The Daily Star on condition of anonymity, published the footage online.
“It looks like a TR-3B surveillance plane with the circles under each corner of the triangle, if that makes sense,” said one viewer, who was supported by others who seemed to share his view. Another commentator, curisouly, even recalled helping build such ships “in a secret governemnt base in the 1960s.”
Many UFO experts are conviced that the Tirangle-Shped UFO is in fact the so-called the TR-3 Black Manta, a surveillance aircraft of the United States Air Force, speculated to be developed under a black project.
The only evidence we currently have for such an aircraft is based largely on speculations about several reported sightings of mysterious flying wing aircraft over Antelope Valley, an area of desert in southern California.
This stretch of desert draws people interested in supernatural phenomena as well as UFO sighintgs and “black project”-related aircraft sigthings, since it is located in vicinity to several known military research and testing areas, such as Edwards Air Force Base in California, and United States Air Force Plant 42.
Several ufologists maintain that this type of stealth aircraft (the TR-3 Black Manta) is the result of decades of research and reverse engineering applied to alien spaceships that crash landed on Earth decades ago.
Rumors suggest that the TR-3 was said to be a subsonic stealth spy plane with a flying wing design. It was alleged to have been used in the Gulf War to provide laser designation for Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk bombers, for targeting to use with laser-guided bombs. The TR-3 was claimed to have been manufactured by Northrop.
Curiosuly, there have been several reports of tiernagle shaped flying pbjects in Russia, Europe, and Australia.
UFO experts as well as alien hunters argue that these events are not isolated and that the strange tirangle—shaped aircraft is real, and is the result of reverse-engineered alien technology.
However, there are those who believe that the footage filmed over Texas is not the actual TR-3 Black Manta, but most likely a reflection of light caught on the window of the car.
Anyway, let me know what you think, and post your comments below!
Researchers Unearth ‘Ancient Mask’ of King Pakal—The So-Called Palenque Astronaut
Researchers Unearth ‘Ancient Mask’ of King Pakal—The So-Called Palenque Astronaut
King Pakal has been referred to as “the astronaut of Palenque”, mostly because of the engraving that has been found on the slab of his sarcophagus, which many authors claim is the representation of a man inside of a spaceship.
The mask unearthed in Palenque is believed to be the first ever relic found that depicts the mighty ruler, Pakal “El Grande.”
K’inich Janaab Pakal I—commonly referred to as Pacal, or Pacal the Great was ruler of the ancient city-state of Palenque. His name means Shield in classic Maya Language.
He is known for having reigned for a total of 68 years, which is considered the longest reign in the history of America.
Pakal’s tomb has been heavily connected to the ancient astronaut hypothesis. In Erich Von Daniken’s 1968 Best Seller Chariots of the Gods, the sarcophagus lid was reproduced by the author who compared the drawing to a man inside a spaceship. More precisely, Von Daniken compared the lid of Pakal’s sarcophagus to depictions of Astronauts inside spacecraft during Project Mercury.
Von Daniken wrote:
“In the center of that frame is a man sitting, bending forward. He has a mask on his nose, he uses his two hands to manipulate some controls, and the heel of his left foot is on a kind of pedal with different adjustments. The rear portion is separated from him; he is sitting on a complicated chair, and outside of this whole frame, you see a little flame like an exhaust…”
Now, experts have made a stunning new discovery.
Archaeologists have recovered a modeled mask which is believed to represent K’inich Janaab Pakal I. The finding was made during conservation works and archaeological studies in the ancient site known as El Palacio, in the archaeological zone of Palenque, in Chiapas, (Mexico). Experts report that in addition to the mask, they’ve also found ritual objects such as ceramic figures, carved bones, and flint.
“It is not a representation of a god. After looking at some images, it’s possible that it is Pakal the Great. We are quite sure of this at this time,” said archaeologist Arnoldo Gonzalez.
“During this process, under the (mask) head there were figurines, ceramic pieces, small plates, a lot of fish bones, which gives insight of a possible relationship with aquatics.”
Furthermore, according to Mexico’s the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), archaeologists have also uncovered the remains of a substructure in the building commonly referred to as Casa C.
The bust of King Pakal was made during the conservation work aimed at addressing the accumulation of water in the east courtyard of the so-called House E, reports INAH.
The discovery is the result of the first stage of a conservation project that the Ministry of Culture of Mexico, through INAH, and with the support of the US Embassy in Mexico, made at the pre-Colombian site.
Un étrange OVNI photographié à Salta, en Argentine
Un étrange OVNI photographié à Salta, en Argentine
En cette fin de mois de septembre, plusieurs membres d’une même famille ont observé un OVNI très étrange dans le quartier El Prado, situé à Salta, en Argentine.
Le vendredi 21 septembre 2018, à minuit 20, Ignacio Pancetti, un architecte, marchait en famille à travers la place du quartier El Prado, au sud-ouest de la ville, lorsqu'il a été témoin d'un événement inhabituel. Il s’agissait d’un OVNI lumineux qui changeait de forme. Il était clairement visible et semblait se tenir à côté de la lune dans un ciel parfaitement clair.
«Il se dirigeait vers le sud-ouesten direction dunord-ouest. Je pensais que c'était un avionvolant àhaute altitude. Après ça,j’ai émis l’hypothèsed’un satellite. Et soudain, au-dessus de moi, il est resté immobile et a commencé à osciller.Puisil estparti avant derevenir. Serait-ce un avion qui amanœuvrépour perdre de l'altitude ? C'était fou. J'ai donc sorti mon téléphone portable (Samsung G. s7), j'ai placé le caméscope en position de zoom maximum (x8) mais un seul point de lumièreétaitvisible, sans plus de détails. Donc,j’ai continué à prendre desphotosetj’ailaissél'exposition maximaleavec un zoom x8. Et quand j'aivisionné les images, j'ai commencé àremarquercommentcette chosese transformait.Au départ ce n’était qu’une lumière, puisaprès avoir explosé,il a pris la forme d’unanneau avec une lumièreen soncentre.Cette lueur a ensuitedisparu,avant de réapparaîtreà nouveau.Un instantplus tard, il a denouveauexplosé.Au total, j'ai pris plus de 200 photos. Il a continuéà se mouvoir pendant8ou10minutes, mais je devais y aller. Et le phénomènes’est poursuivi. Quand j'aipublié les photos, beaucoup de gens ont dit l'avoir vu aussi», explique Ignacio.
En effet, à côté des photos de Pancetti sur Facebook, des personnes comme N. Avellaneda et Kookie Salinas ont affirmé avoir vu ce phénomène surnaturel.
« Ce qui a attiré mon attention est quecette chosene tombaitpas comme un météore, maisse déplaçait,avantde s'arrêter.Puis il s’est balancé et estrestéimmobiledans le ciel. Ce sont des choses qui donnent à réfléchir parce que ce n’étaitunobjeten chute libre, mais quelque chose quinous dépasse.C’étaitpeut être la manifestation d'une sorte d'énergiequi ne cessait d’exploser. Dans les images, vous ne voyez pas d'objet défini et précis. Et je suppose qu’ilétait àunebasse altitude parce que,malgréle zoom, jene parvenais pas à le voir endétails », poursuit l'architecte. Il ajoute que c’est la première fois qu’il a été témoin d’un OVNI similaire.
Fotografía: Ignacio Pancetti
Cette année, il y a eu une véritable « vague d’OVNI » à Salta. Les observations ont été très fréquente depuis janvier. Des touristes à bord du fameux « Train des Nuages » ont observé un corps métallique qui se déplaçait dans le ciel au-dessus de la Quebrada del Toro.
A Rosario de la Frontera, le chef des pompiers local José Exequiel Álvarez a assuré avoir pris contact avec les conducteurs qui ont confirmé ce qui s’était passé. Lui-même avait filmé à deux reprises des lumières dans le ciel. A Orán, une flotte de lumières a choqué bon nombre de témoins.
For over 1,000 years, an ancient city has been untouched by human beings for the most part.
Below the green, dense and lush Petén rainforest of Guatemala lies the city, which was inhabited by millions of Mesoamerican native people who built what some refer to as an empire, but others would refer to it as home.
For the first time now, tens of thousands of incredible ancient structures have been identified and mapped out by a team of international archaeologists. They used techniques involving airborne light detection and ranging technology over 810 square miles or 2,100 square kilometers of the Guatemalan lowland.
In 2009, that LiDAR technique was first applied to the region. It focused on nothing but the immediate surroundings of particular individual sites. In February however, this vast metropolis was first discovered by archaeologists, as reported by the usual mainstream outlets to acknowledge such discoveries.
A science nonprofit group from Guatemala called the PACUNAM Foundation led the discovery, and six months later, their work is published in the journal Science.
This is insane: over 61,000 ancient structures have been confirmed within this area, and that includes houses, ceremonial centers, pyramids, and large palaces.
The thick, dense and rich forest canopy was penetrated by this LiDAR system, and that revealed distinct changes in elevation, allowing the researchers to, according to one article, “identify these topographical features as manmade walls, roads, and buildings without ever having to set foot on the ground. With this information, they are able to create three-dimensional maps in a matter of minutes, avoiding years of arduous fieldwork.”
“Seen as a whole, terraces and irrigation channels, reservoirs, fortifications, and causeways reveal an astonishing amount of land modification done by the Maya over their entire landscape on a scale previously unimaginable,”said Francisco Estrada-Belli, a member of the team in a statement.
Now it has been indicated that upwards of 7 to 11 million people were present in this place at the height of what is referred to as the Late Classic period, lasting from around 650 – 800 CE. Over 61,000 ancient structures have been identified in this surveyed region alone. If you want some perspective on that 7 – 11 million number, today New York City is home to about 8.5 million people.
Something unique about the situation seems to be the fact that the populations were very unevenly distributed, with varying levels of “urbanization,” spread out more than modern cities over 810 square miles, or 1,200 square kilometers.
It was even reported that these people figured out how to support such a large population in a creative way, and they modified the land for the intense agricultural production.
“It seems clear now that the ancient Maya transformed their landscape on a grand scale in order to render it more agriculturally productive,” said Marcello A. Canuto, a Maya archaeologist. “As a result, it seems likely that this region was much more densely populated than what we have traditionally thought.”
Extensive networks and causeways were also mapped out by the team, and those chambers connected the various urban centers according to them. The different city centers seem to have been extensively connected, with a much different distribution of population compared to today’s cities. Defensive systems were also at play in these places.
The authors concluded that their findings “generate new questions, refine targets for fieldwork, elicit regional study across continuous landscapes, and advance Maya archaeology into a bold era of research and exploration.”
What they found was astonishing: not only was this galaxy forming stars at an unexpectedly high rate, but the clouds that fuel the birth of stars were unusual as well. Galaxies that form stars at higher rates are called starburst galaxies, and COSMOS-AzTEC-1 seemed to fit that archetype. However, in starburst galaxies, the star-formation predominantly occurs at the center of the galaxy.
Surprisingly, astronomers detected two massive clouds of gas several thousand light-years away from where they thought the star-formation should be concentrated. When they investigated more closely, they found that the gas in COSMOS-AzTEC-1 is extremely unstable, fueling runaway star-formation, and turning it into a monster galaxy. And yet, when scientists attempted to model this galaxy, their computer simulations could not explain all of its characteristics. Simply put, COSMOS-AzTEC-1 shouldn’t exist.
The international team of scientists, led by Dr. Ken-ichi Tadaki from the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, that discovered COSMOS-AzTEC-1 published their findings in Nature on Wednesday, reporting that they achieved unprecedented angular resolution by observing the galaxy with ALMA. Poor resolution has impeded studies of submillimeter-bright galaxies in the early universe and has been an obstacle to understanding their physical and dynamical properties.
Studying galaxies like COSMOS-AzTEC-1 is important, as they are thought to be the ancient predecessors of massive galaxies in the present universe, and the improved resolution has revealed several unexpected findings. In addition to the mysterious off-center clouds, COSMOS-AzTEC-1 has a regularly rotating, ordered gas disk instead of a more chaotic distribution, which is what scientists expected. Not only does this complicate the common model of early galaxy evolution, but it makes future high-resolution observations of similar galaxies an imperative.
Thankfully, the ALMA observations didn’t just raise more puzzles for scientists to solve; they also answered many long-standing questions about the nature of galaxies in the early universe. Before ALMA, astronomers knew that massive, young galaxies existed just 1 billion years after the Big Bang, but they were unable to answer how these galaxies formed or how they were able to stockpile massive reserves of gas so quickly.
One of the clues that this research team uncovered was hidden in the nature of COSMOS-AzTEC-1’s gas clouds, a feature that was previously unable to be observed. In normal galaxies, the gas clouds are in equilibrium; the gravity pulling the cloud inward is balanced by the gaseous pressure pushing outwards. Given the right environmental conditions, the gravity eventually becomes stronger than the pressure, causing the cloud to collapse, become extremely dense, and begin to form stars.
These stars and their eventual supernovae increase the outward pressure within the gas, stabilizing it, and regulating the rate of star formation. In COSMOS-AzTEC-1, the gas clouds are extremely unstable, and the outward pressure is significantly weaker than the gravity, which prevents any of the aforementioned stabilization. Instead, COSMOS-AzTEC-1 has a runaway star-formation rate over 1000 times that of our Milky Way galaxy, and Tadaki’s team estimates it will run out of gas in just 100 million years.
The mechanism that causes COSMOS-AzTEC-1’s gas instability remains unclear. Tadaki and his colleagues hypothesize that it could be caused by a galaxy merger: a collision between two or more galaxies that can transport gas efficiently throughout the galaxy and can initiate a burst of star-formation. However, their current observations didn’t detect any of the signs of such an event, and a merger wouldn’t entirely explain how COSMOS-AzTEC-1 was able to keep its enormous surplus of gas from becoming stars before it began its starburst period.
Despite the lingering questions though, Tadaki and his team’s research is a perfect example of how technological improvements will find the solutions to long-standing scientific mysteries and reveal unexpected secrets hidden throughout our universe.
SEE-THROUGH MAYA Ruins at the Classic Maya city of Tikal in northern Guatemala poke out of dense forests that, thanks to aerial laser mapping, have revealed the unexpected size and complexity of this ancient American civilization.
A laser-shooting eye in the sky has revealed the previously unappreciated size and complexity of ancient Maya civilization, both before and during its presumed heyday, scientists say.
Maya people in what’s now northern Guatemala built surprisingly extensive defensive structures and roads as part of political systems featuring interconnected cities, starting at least several hundred years before the rise of Classic Maya society, an international team reports in the Sept. 28 Science. Classic Maya sites date to between around 250 and 900.
Aerial laser maps of northern Guatemala obtained in 2016 and map-guided ground surveys and excavations in 2017 compel a reevaluation of traditional assumptions about the ancient Maya, the team concludes. A long-standing idea that Classic Maya civilization, which covered parts of southern Mexico and much of Central America, once contained relatively small city-states ruled by warring kings has drawn increasing skepticism over the last decade (SN Online: 4/17/18). Laser technology shot down that scenario by gazing through forests and vegetation at 10 Maya sites — as well as in two areas with signs of Maya-era activity but no named sites — dating from a couple hundred years before the start of the Classic period to near its end. “Every Maya city was bigger and more populated than we previously thought,” says archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli of Tulane University in New Orleans. Estrada-Belli led the investigation along with archaeologists Marcello Canuto, also at Tulane, and Thomas Garrison of Ithaca College in New York.
A small plane carrying light detection and ranging equipment, or lidar, emitted laser pulses that gathered data on the ground’s shape across 2,144 square kilometers of northern Guatemala. Based on the more than 60,000 lidar-identified structures, the researchers estimate that a minimum of 7 million to 11 million people inhabited northern Guatemala near the end of the Classic Maya period.
UNVEILING TIKAL Dense forest surrounds the city center of this Classic-era Maya site (top). Laser mapping of the same view (bottom) revealed structures and causeways hidden by the jungle.
Lidar views of the ancient Maya’s urban and rural infrastructure are particularly impressive, Estrada-Belli says. Water control was crucial. Much of the unsettled wetlands throughout northern Guatemala contain remnants of crisscrossing drainage channels that form grids within what must have once been agricultural fields. Some channels extend for one kilometer or more. Remains of stone terraces and low walls enclose many cultivation areas.
Drainage channels and terraces controlled water flow and eased soil erosion in heavily cultivated fields. “The ancient Maya were good stewards of their environment,” Estrada-Belli says.
Evidence of carefully irrigated agricultural fields challenges a popular view that Classic-era centers relied on food from soil-damaging, slash-and-burn farming. That practice eventually contributed to Maya civilization’s downfall, some researchers have argued.
Although sustainable cultivation techniques appear to have been standard for the ancient Maya, farmland near the largest Maya cities would not have provided enough food for local populations, the researchers say. Additional food was imported from distant sites belonging to common political networks, the team suspects.
Laser maps show that Maya cities varied substantially in population density and typically included less crowded zones in between city centers and rural areas. Most sites had a surprising number of defensive structures, Estrada-Belli says. Strategically placed bridges, ditches, ramparts, stone walls and terraces suggest military conflicts occurred frequently.
That didn’t stop cities from maintaining long-distance contacts and forming networks of politically aligned sites. Raised roads, or causeways, connected the earliest Maya sites, including three dating to a few hundred years before the Classic period, to nearby centers. These 10- to 20-meter-wide causeways run for as many as 22 kilometers. Later Maya cities primarily contain short causeways that served as entrances to public and ritual areas.
The new study builds on previous, smaller-scale lidar studies in and around Caracol, a Classic Maya city in western Belize (SN: 3/14/16, p. 22). Archaeologists Arlen and Diane Chase of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas directed that research.
“The new lidar data show that interconnected Maya cities go back to at least 300 B.C.,” Arlen Chase says.
Further lidar-guided surveys and excavations are planned, Estrada-Belli says. Some newly identified causeways extend beyond the edges of lidar maps, a sign that Guatemala’s forests hold further Maya revelations, he adds.
There may be misaligned disks of material rotating around the black hole. Rings of gas may be breaking off and colliding, leaving gas to fall directly towards the black hole at unfathomable speeds.
We’ve known for decades that black holes exist, and that matter sometimes falls into them, and now we have the first published evidence – from a team of UK astronomers – of matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light. This is much faster than what’s been observed in the past, but it isn’t unexpected. Recent computer simulations suggest a mechanism – via misaligned disks around the hole – by which gas can fall directly in at high speed. The team used data from the European Space Agency’s X-ray observatory XMM-Newton to make the discovery. The black hole is a supermassive one, located at the heart of a galaxy known as PG1211+143, about a billion light-years away.
Ken Pounds of the University of Leicester, who led the team that made the discovery, said:
We were able to follow an Earth-sized clump of matter for about a day, as it was pulled towards the black hole, accelerating to a third of the velocity of light before being swallowed up by the hole.
The velocity of light is 186,000 miles (300,000 km) per second.
Cool, yes? These results appeared in a paper published September 3, 2018 in the peer-reviewed journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
The XMM-Newton spacecraft, via ESA/ University of Leicester/RAS.
The researchers used XMM-Newton data to examine at X-ray spectra (where X-rays are dispersed by wavelength) of the galaxy PG211+143. This object was already known as one likely to have a supermassive black hole at its core (as most galaxies now are thought to do). The team’s statement explained:
The researchers found the spectra to be strongly red-shifted, showing the observed matter to be falling into the black hole at the enormous speed of 30 per cent of the speed of light, or around 100,000 kilometers per second [60,000 mps]. The gas has almost no rotation around the hole, and is detected extremely close to it in astronomical terms, at a distance of only 20 times the hole’s size (its event horizon, the boundary of the region where escape is no longer possible).
Most infall to black holes doesn’t move so fast, because, before it enters the hole, the material forms an accretion disk. The astronomers explained:
… black holes are so compact that gas is almost always rotating too much to fall in directly. Instead it orbits the hole, approaching gradually through an accretion disk – a sequence of circular orbits of decreasing size.
Why, then, did the material observed in galaxy PG211+143 fall directly into a black hole? The astronomers said the high velocity could have been the result of misaligned disks of material rotating around the black hole:
The orbit of the gas around the black hole is often assumed to be aligned with the rotation of the black hole, but there is no compelling reason for this to be the case …
Until now it has been unclear how misaligned rotation might affect the in-fall of gas. This is particularly relevant to the feeding of supermassive black holes since matter (interstellar gas clouds or even isolated stars) can fall in from any direction.
As it turns out, theorists at University of Leicester recently used the UK’s Dirac supercomputer facility to simulate the ‘tearing’ of misaligned accretion disks around compact objects. The astronomers explained:
This work has shown that rings of gas can break off and collide with each other, cancelling out their rotation and leaving gas to fall directly towards the black hole.
And now, as often happens, the theoretical work has been followed by an observation. Pounds commented:
The galaxy we were observing with XMM-Newton has a 40 million solar mass black hole which is very bright and evidently well fed. Indeed some 15 years ago we detected a powerful wind indicating the hole was being over-fed. While such winds are now found in many active galaxies, PG1211+143 has now yielded another ‘first’, with the detection of matter plunging directly into the hole itself.
Characteristic disk structure from the simulation of a misaligned disk around a spinning black hole.
Image via K. Pounds et al./ University of Leicester/RAS.
Bottom line: Astronomers used data from ESA’s X-ray space observatory XMM-Newton to discover a supermassive black hole, in a galaxy about a billion light-years away, into which matter is falling at some one-third of light speed.
A balloon mission flying over the North Pole captured 6 million images of these bright blue noctilucent clouds in their home in the upper atmosphere.
On the cusp of our atmosphere live a thin group of seasonal electric-blue clouds. Forming 50 miles (80 km) above the poles in summer, these clouds are known as noctilucent clouds or polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs). This summer, a NASA balloon mission observed these clouds over the course of five days at their home high in Earth’s atmosphere. The resulting photos, which scientists have just begun to analyze, will help to better understand turbulence in the atmosphere, as well as in oceans and lakes and the atmospheres of other planets, and may even improve weather forecasting.
Atmospheric turbulence – small-scale, irregular air motions characterized by winds that vary in speed and direction – is important because it mixes and churns the atmosphere and causes water vapor, smoke, and other substances, as well as energy, to become distributed both vertically and horizontally.
Noctilucent clouds or polar mesospheric clouds observed by NASA balloons as they flew over the Arctic in July 2018.
On July 8, 2018, NASA’s PMC Turbo mission launched a giant balloon to study noctilucent clouds 50 miles (80 km) above the surface. For five days, the balloon floated through the stratosphere from its launch at Esrange, Sweden, across the Arctic to western Nunavut, Canada. During its flight, cameras aboard the balloon captured 6 million high-resolution images filling up 120 terabytes of data storage. The images include a variety of noctilucent cloud displays, revealing the processes leading to turbulence. Scientists are now beginning to go through the images and the first look has been promising.
Noctilucent (also called night-shining) clouds coalesce as ice crystals on tiny meteor remnants in the upper atmosphere. The results make brilliant blue rippling clouds that are visible just after the sun sets in polar regions during the summer. These clouds are affected by what’s known as atmospheric gravity waves — caused by the convecting and uplifting of air masses, such as when air is pushed up by mountain ranges. The waves play major roles in transferring energy from the lower atmosphere to the mesosphere.
Dave Fritts is principal investigator of the PMC Turbo mission at Global Atmospheric Technologies and Sciences in Boulder, Colorado. He said in a statement:
This is the first time we’ve been able to visualize the flow of energy from larger gravity waves to smaller flow instabilities and turbulence in the upper atmosphere. At these altitudes you can literally see the gravity waves breaking – like ocean waves on the beach – and cascading to turbulence.
The balloons were equipped with seven specially-designed imaging systems to observe the clouds. Each included a high-resolution camera, a computer control and communications system, and 32 terabytes of data storage. The seven imaging systems were arranged to create a mosaic of wide views extending 100 miles (160 km) across, with each narrow view able to image turbulence features as small as 20 yards (918 meters) wide. A lidar — or laser radar — measured the precise altitudes of the clouds as well as the temperature fluctuations of the gravity waves above and below the clouds.
Learning about the causes and effects of turbulence will help scientists understand not only the structure and variability of the upper atmosphere, but other areas as well. Turbulence happens in fluids across the universe and the results will help scientists better model it in all systems. Ultimately, the results will even help improve weather forecast models.
Bottom line: In July 2018, a NASA balloon mission floated over the Arctic to study noctilucent clouds 50 miles (80 km) above the surface.
That may be true in movies about old baseball players, but when it comes to old plazas of the Mayans, a better saying might be, “If you build it, they will come and find it … eventually.” That’s the case in a Guatemalan jungle where researchers using airborne laser scanning (LiDAR) have located over 60,000 distinct Mayan structures hidden by dense vegetation too difficult to explore on the ground. Those structures include a pyramid complex and were surrounded by an extensive network of roads. Were they expecting us?
“Even though some earlier lidar studies had prepared us for this, just seeing the sheer quantity of ancient structures across the landscape was mind-boggling.”
In a study published in Science, Ithaca College archeologist and co-author Thomas Garrison, described the Lidar scanning which began in July 2016 in northern Guatemala near the Mexican border. In a 12 period, they flew over 800 square miles of jungle, firing three lasers at 300,000 pulses of light per second. Lasers that managed to penetrate the canopy and then bounce back were picked up by a detector, which collected enough data to create a 3-D map of the topography with one-meter resolution.
El Castillo before excavation, 1860
“Seen as a whole, terraces and irrigation channels, reservoirs, fortifications and causeways reveal an astonishing amount of land modification done by the Maya over their entire landscape on a scale previously unimaginable.”
Marcello A. Canuto, director of the Middle American Research Institute at Tulane and study co-author, described the unbelievable scenes the archeologists saw on the map (see a video here and map samples here). It shows that the area was much more densely populated than previously thought – possibly between 7 million and 11 million people in this Maya Lowlands area at its peak during the Late Classical Period (650 to 800 CE). The irrigation canals and farm areas indicate how necessary and important agriculture was to this Mayan civilization, and how they changed the topology to accommodate it without the use of plows – techniques that could help farmers today.
The power of LiDAR was shown in the discovery of the pyramid, a large structure that has somehow not been found in previous other searches of the area. And the abundance of roads and fortifications indicates that the Mayans were militarized defensively and waging wars earlier than previously thought. However, the LiDAR mapping is limited in that it can’t identify what time period the various structures existed in, giving instead one picture covering centuries of existence, as Garrison explains to Gizmodo.
“Not everything was occupied all at the same time, and it is now our job as archaeologists to sort all of this out. But we’re certainly happy to have these new problems!”
Spoken like a true archaeologist. They built it and he will keep on coming.
Rare triangle-shaped UFO caught over London, England
Rare triangle-shaped UFO caught over London, England
London England - 09-23-18 - The observer and videographer of this event states that he saw this triangle-shaped object flying above his head in London.
He states that he just had enough time to grab his 90x zoom camcorder and capture video and still frames of the enigmatic vehicle.
The object in question is seemingly unique in its color and shape in that the top or cupalo appears to be off-center as compared to other reports of triangle-shaped UFOs.
Of course with today's technology it is easy to create something like this and it is wise to be skeptical. You will see a blue color along with gray on the other side with the blue, off-centered top. Mufon case 95215.
Mr Pope said he believes people have grown disillusioned with outer space after the Apollo program failed to extend humanity’s reach into the stars.
He thinks this somewhat dampened public excitement around the hunt for alien life, which in turn has left our defences wide open.
Mr Pope said: “It’s an uphill struggle. It’s always tricky to convince people to spend money on what a lot of people might consider white elephant projects, considering a lot of the social problems we have.
“As often as I like to say questions like ‘are we alone or not in the universe’ – that is one of the most profound questions we could ask.
UFO expert Nick Pope drafted a response plan for when we discover alien life
(Image: NICK POPE/GETTY)
“And if we can get an answer to that, we want that answer and why wouldn’t we really push hard for it?”
According to Mr Pope, one of the biggest threats surrounding Earth’s lack of readiness is the possibility of coming in contact with deadly alien contaminants.
The UFO expert fears outside of NASA, there is no adequate legislation in place, to deal with potentially lethal extraterrestrial microbes and viruses.
In his drafted plan, Mr Pope urged the UK Government to ensure proper biological hazard containment protocols are in place.
He wrote: “In scientific terms, this danger is described as ‘back contamination’ and is part of ‘planetary protection’ policy.
‘Are we alone or not in the universe’ – that is one of the most profound questions we could ask
Nick Pope, UFO expert
“In NASA, this falls under the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance (OSMA).
“In the event of any sample-return or discovery-return mission, Her Majesty’s Government (HMG) will wish to seek robust assurances that the lead agency – probably NASA, but maybe the space agency of another nation, or a private company such as SpaceX – has appropriate biological hazard containment protocols in place.”
AN AUTHENTIC IMAGE OF A LARGE UFO HOVERING OVER L.A. WITNESSED BY 1 MILLION PEOPLE
AN AUTHENTIC IMAGE OF A LARGE UFO HOVERING OVER L.A. WITNESSED BY 1 MILLION PEOPLE
”Everything is in a process of investigation both in the United States and in Spain, as well as the rest of the world. The nations of the world are currently working together in the investigation of the UFO phenomenon. There is an international exchange of data.”
– General Carlos Castro Cavero (1979). From “UFOs and the National Security State, Volume 2,″ written by Richard Dolan.
Although the quote above comes from 1976, it also applies to decades prior. Fast forward to today and we now have thousands upon thousands of declassified documents (even though millions are still classified every year by the United States) that prove there was and still is a high level of interest in the UFO phenomenon from governments and military agencies worldwide. Documents indicate that these objects are tracked often on air/ground radar, sometimes simultaneously, as well as visually confirmed by the pilots scrambling to check them out. These objects perform maneuvers that defy our laws of physics and are clocked travelling at speeds no known aircraft on our planet can travel, at least some of them.
Here is a great example of a declassified document detailing what happens when the military has an encounter with a UFO.
“As the F-4 approached a range of 25 nautical miles it lost all instrumentation and communications. When the F-4 turned away from the object and apparently was no longer a threat to it, the aircraft regained all instrumentation and communications. Another brightly lighted object came out of the original object. The second object headed straight toward the F4.” (source)
To compliment these documents, we also have hundreds of statements from high ranking officials from around the world, like this one:
“There is a serious possibility that we are being visited and have been visited for many years by people from outer space, by other civilizations. Who they are, where they are from, and what they want should be the subject of rigorous scientific investigation and not be the subject of ‘rubishing’ by tabloid newspapers.” (source)
– Lord Admiral Hill-Norton, Former Chief of Defence Staff, 5 Star Admiral of the Royal Navy, Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Here you will find a video of an air force pilot sharing his particular experience.
What Happened In 1942?
During the Second World War, UFO reports soared, especially after the atomic bomb was dropped. This is interesting given the fact that a number of the declassified documents indicate UFO incursions at several different military nuclear missile facilities around the globe. Perhaps the best and most well known example comes from 1967 at Malmstrom Air Force Base in Montana. The base controls a giant network of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), where a number of highly trained military personnel witnessed a red, glowing UFO hovering outside the gate. At that time, all of the ICBMs shut down including the back-up generators. Just to be clear, this doesn’t ever happen. A conference was held seven years ago at the National Press Club discussing this issue, you can view that here.
Here is a Wikileaks cable that discusses an incident in Algeria where flying “machines” that “obscure” their shape were spotted near military installations. There are too many examples to list here.
But prior to World War 2, the UFO issue was still prominent. We even have historical records and artwork of UFOs in antiquity that are well documented, you can find out more about that here. This particular article will focus on what happened above Los Angeles in 1942.
The picture you see above is of an object that hovered over Los Angeles in the early morning hours of February 25th, 1942. The small white dots around the object are artillery bursts. This incident happened only three months after Pearl Harbour. At the time, there was a lot of attention placed on the US and the US was on high alert.
Here are the facts:
Several radars detected an object about 120 miles west of Los Angeles
Within minutes, anti-aircraft batteries went on high alert
At approximately 2:20 am, the object was tracked on radar to within a few miles of the coast and a city blackout was ordered
Shortly after 3:00 am, the object appeared right over the city and anti-aircraft batteries opened fire
Approximately 1500 rounds were fired into the sky, not over the ocean but directly over the city
Three citizens died from the shelling and three more from heart attacks attributed to the shelling
A great deal of property damage was inflicted
Dr. Bruce Maccabee, an expert in photographic analysis, believed the objects to be roughly 100 feet or more in diameter
The event was witnessed by approximately 1 million people
Hearing from 1 of the million who saw this object
Below is some witness testimony from the event, his name was Scott Littleton, a Professor of Anthropology, Emeritus, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA
“The two of us stood side by side in front of the house, huddling together in the chill night air and staring up into the sky. The planes we’d heard were not in sight, but what captured our rapt attention was a silvery, lozenge-shaped “bug,” as my mother later described it, that was clearly visible in the searchlight beams that pinpointed it. Although it was a clear, moonlit night, no other details could be discerned, despite the fact that, when we first saw it, the object was hanging motionless almost directly overhead. Its altitude is hard to estimate, especially after all these years, but I’d guess that it was somewhere between 4,000 and 8,000 feet. This may explain why we didn’t see the orange glow reported by several eyewitnesses in Santa Monica and Culver City, where the object was apparently much lower. (One witness suggests that this glow may simply have been the reflection of shell bursts against the object’s “silvery” body.)”
The official explanation for the event ranged from “nothing happened” to “balloons,” but all those who’ve studied this phenomenon in depth know that it’s been wrapped in secrecy for a very long time and the lid is just beginning to blow. The only problem is, all of the witnesses described something very different from the official explanation.
“Behind the scenes, high ranking Air Force officers are soberly concerned about UFOs. But through official secrecy and ridicule, many citizens are led to believe the unknown flying objects are nonsense.”
Former head of CIA, Roscoe Hillenkoetter, 1960 (source)
Did Hundreds of UFOs Just Portal into Our Solar System? - Examining the Possibilities of Q Anon's 'Sky Event'
Did Hundreds of UFOs Just Portal into Our Solar System? - Examining the Possibilities of Q Anon's 'Sky Event'
The title of this post alone may, if nothing else, throw some readers through a mental loop. If so, the topic of discussion may seem even more bizarre. But bear with it. This topic may be dense and to some, it may seem far-fetched. However, in truth, these subjects may have a significant impact upon our present and future lives.
Imagine, for a moment, if hundreds of spacecraft and giant, planet-size, cloaked spheres entered our solar system. What might the reaction be? Clearly, occurrences like this don't typically take place on a regular basis (at least not that we know of). Consequently, the images we are about to see may be particularly impacting for us.
Disclaimer Before beginning, it's important to note that though all of what we are about to discuss is based upon scientific possibility, not everything stated here is verified fact. All information may only be relevant for our own personal speculation. Even still, if proven true, these disclosures could lead to several very significant changes on our planet and beyond. With that said, let's get things started. To start the discussion, let's wind the clocks back to the year 2012.
Back in early 2012, scientists were busily observing our sun as it underwent its cycle of solar maximum. Naturally, numerous articles and commentaries were being published at the time on the subject of solar changes and various anomalies surrounding the solar cycle. Some of these publications came from official sources while others came from independent sources. In general, however, all of these publications piqued the curiosity of much of the American public.
One of these official sources—called Helioviewer—became particularly popular due to its ability to publish some of the most stunning close-ups of our sun from SOHO. Though many of these images were quite impressive, one of them appeared to reveal much more than mainstream astronomy might care to admit.
Do you remember seeing this image? Unfortunately, I was not able to find the original link it was published with. However, we do know the image originated from the SOHO telescopic array and came forward as official information at the time, though it appears the original link no longer functions.
At the time, the subject which astronomers referred to as solar tornadoes was a hot topic. These spiraling formations appeared to have been the result of the increasing energies of the sun during solar maximum. These anomalies were quite impressive, as each was actually several times larger than the Earth itself. However, these tornadoes actually shared the stage with another remarkable phenomenon.
Take another look at the image. What is the tornado connected to? By all appearances, there looks to be an invisible and yet perfectly defined spherical object connected to the tornado. If this object is in fact, real, it would easily dwarf the Earth as well. It looks to be the size of Neptune or even Jupiter in comparison to the sun.
If this image is real, what could it be? Let's set this mystery aside for a moment and consider what we know about our present situation on Earth.
The day of September 6th began with a very strange incident involving the FBI suddenly shutting down a solar observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico. News reports of this incident gave no explanation as to why the FBI suddenly showed up and closed this university-operated observatory down. Authorities gave no comment, and the citizens who live adjacent to Sunspot appeared to be largely unaware of the possible reasons behind the closure.
The strangest part of this story was that even the local police were ordered to exit the premises along with all observatory personnel—again with no explanation. If this does not seem strange, we should note the fact that this facility—called AURA or the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy)—was not at all the only observatory to close suddenly around 9/11.
According to an online search, the live feeds to several solar observatories around the world all appear to have been cut on the exact same day—possibly only hours before or after the AURA Observatory in Sunspot. Below is an excerpt from a gaming forum in which a user posted evidence of these strange shutdowns of multiple solar observatories around the world.
National Solar Observatory Mysteriously Closed As Geomagnetic Storm Looms There is no [timetable] for the Observatory to be re-opened[.] [T]he observatory is closed just as a massive hole has opened up in the Sun’s corona, which means we’re officially on watch for a geomagnetic storm....we note that all these solar/space cams down at the same time:
It might be understandable if one or two of these feeds was to go down periodically, seeing that regular maintenance to streaming hardware typically needs to take place. However, as things appear, the feeds from multiple countries all went down at nearly the same time (apparently within hours of one another) leaving many professional astronomers unable to take notice of possible changes within our sun.
Now going on for at least a day, we have little to no scientific data being recorded during what could be a significant geomagnetic storm. Under normal circumstances, there would be nothing of interest to hide with regard to a solar storm such as this. The storm was not that powerful and there did not appear to have been anything notable which an agency such as the FBI would care to hide. This may lead us to believe that something else might be taking place within or possibly around our sun.
Q Anon's "Sky Event"
For those who have kept up with the source, Q Anon, this subject might be somewhat familiar. However, for those who have not, we will give a brief review.
Q Anon came onto the public scene around October of 2017. At the time, this source was posting to the obscure website, 4Chan, and didn't seem to be very significant. It wasn't until Q began to post what appeared to be hinted predictions of major world events that more people began to take notice. Then when those predictions began to come true, much of the American public really started to catch on.
Due to the tendency for the Q source to oppose the old establishment—i.e., corrupt American government and globalist elitists—the corporate media has done everything it can to smear and to squelch any interest the public has shown in Q Anon. However, many of these efforts have only backfired and have actually introduced mainstream audiences to this highly iconoclastic voice—a voice which appears to be a group of high-ranking, military-based patriots who are working tirelessly to oppose tyrannical globalists.
It is important to realize when reading Q posts, that not much of what this source says is stated in plain language. In fact, at times, much of these statements are so cryptic that they may not register as relevant at the time they are posted. However, in many cases, the immense significance of these statements is proven over time.
There was one term which Q repeated a number of times in early April and May of this year (2018). The post appeared to be very simple and yet full of implication. It simply read, "Sky Event."
Four instances of the mention of the sky event (including repeats)
As in many cases, no one knows for certain what this term means. As we can see, one other anonymous poster inquired about its meaning and included an image of the Marina Bay Sands Hotel in Singapore. By Q's lack of direct response, it seems that this was not the actual reference to the sky-event statement. (Usually, Q gives affirmation to posters who make such inquiries and guess correctly.)
So if this sky event was not relative to a presidential meeting in Singapore or any other known event, what could it be? Does the statement have one or more meanings? Is it code, or could it be a prediction of some future occurrence?
The Sun's Portal
We all know the scientific discipline of astronomy. Though somewhat interesting, mainstream astronomy has a tendency to be dull, unchanging, and predictable. However, within the alternative community, astronomy often takes on a whole new dimension of possibility. According to numerous whistleblowers who are quite popular within these communities, the universe does not only consist of electromagnetic energy. The universe also is founded upon electro-plasmic energy, and this energy has become the new basis for much of the cutting-edge, holistic version of astrophysics.
In essence, stars are not merely balls of burning/fusing gases. They are electro-plasmic generators as well as sustained fields of what is referred to as torsion energy. We will not discuss torsion physics for the sake of time. For now, let's tackle this topic of electro-plasmic stars.
According to cutting-edge science, stars consist of a negatively charged core/black hole surrounded by a positively charge corona. These components interact with spacetime in a very interesting way. However, to keep the explanation simple, we will just say that the core and corona work together to create nuclear fusion on the surface.
In addition, this dynamic can actually behave as a hyper-dimensional gateway. According to whistleblower testimony as well as mainstream astronomic disclosures, high-energy connections between stars naturally exist and typically traverse great distances through space. This topic was covered by the website, the Daily Mail, among many others and is rather extensive in detail and implication. Let's examine.
Astronomers have exposed new proof that enhances the belief of interconnection between the planets and galaxies in the solar system. Dr. Stephan Keller of the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics at Australian National University revealed the intricate details of the findings, that connects the entire Universe. He said: 'By examining the positions of ancient groupings of stars, called globular clusters, we found that the clusters form a narrow plane around the Milky Way rather than being scattered across the sky.'
Cosmic beauty: The findings confirmed the filament that connects the Milky Way to the Universe 'Furthermore, the Milky Way’s entourage of small satellites are seen to inhabit the same plane. 'What we have discovered is evidence for the cosmic thread that connects us to the vast expanse of the Universe. 'The filament of star clusters and small galaxies around the Milky Way is like the umbilical cord that fed our Galaxy during its youth.' Dr. Keller's study enforces the view that the structure of the cosmos is made up of long filaments of galaxies and vast voids that spans millions of light years.
Though mainstream astronomy can leave much to be desired, for the most part, it appears to prove the above point rather well. Stars, planets, and entire galaxies are actually connected through these cosmic filaments which may be as old as each of these galaxies themselves. Though mainstream science commonly assumes the universe is in a constant state of imbalanced enthalpy or decay (which is largely inaccurate according to more recent scientific discoveries), the reality of this energetic connectivity within our universe suggests otherwise. Not only does our universe show evidence of sustained and balanced function, it displays an intrinsic and ubiquitous potential for evolution throughout the cosmos.
According to multiple whistleblowers, these high-energy connections can be used as gateways through which energy and possibly even spacecraft can travel through space. In fact, according to one whistleblower, covert off-planet space projects have developed a way to use these hyper-dimensional gateways to traverse vast distances of space in unbelievably short periods of time.
Secret Space Program whistleblower, Corey Goode, is one of several who claims to have served in an off-planet space program called Solar Warden. Not only was this program confirmed to exist by a number of other whistleblowers, but Goode has consistently demonstrated a considerable amount of knowledge in astronomy, classified science, intelligence operations, and even psychic reconnaissance.
During one of his terms of service in these covert projects, Goode claims to have served on a space vessel which traversed the solar system as type of security detail. While on these missions, he recalls how he and his colleagues passed downtime by perusing the database of information available to operatives and learning about multiple subjects in classified science. One of these subjects was that of heliophysics.
In addition to this research, Corey claims that either Solar Warden vessels or other types of ships were able to use cosmic filaments as shortcut gateways to travel the galaxy. According to his testimony, the feat is possible, but the technology and ingenuity necessary to accomplished such a feat may only be achieved through adequately technological (and consciousness) development.
These claims have been remarkable to hear. Yet, we may also be interested to know that Goode was not the only public figure to speak on these matters of advanced technologies.
Type II Civilizations
Many of us might be familiar with the work of one famed astrophysicist, Dr. Nikolia Kardashev. Kardashev may be best known for his breakthrough experiments in attempting to seek out intelligent ET life through various cosmic signals from deep space. Though he was born ahead of his time, Kardashev blazed several significant trails through the arena of astrophysics.
Nikolia Kardashev was also known for his theories on ET civilizations. In short, he developed a scale—now known as the Kardashev scale—which may help us determine the level of possible technological development of a civilization.
The Kardashev scale
Notice the various levels of development which Kardashev believed a civilization could achieve. Upon seeing these possibilities, we might wonder just what capabilities a species could achieve if they reached the level of Type II. To elaborate, here is an excerpt from the website, Futurism.com.
The next step up – a Type II civilization – can harness the power of their entire star (not merely transforming starlight into energy, but controlling the star). Several methods for this have been proposed. The most popular of which is the hypothetical ‘Dyson Sphere.’ This device, if you want to call it that, would encompass every single inch of the star, gathering most (if not all) of its energy output and transferring it to a planet for later use. Alternatively, if fusion power (the mechanism that powers stars) had been mastered by the race, a reactor on a truly immense scale could be used to satisfy their needs. Nearby gas giants can be utilized for their hydrogen, slowly drained of life by an orbiting reactor.
The ability to use the entirety of the energetic output of a star could yield some rather amazing technological developments. As a species achieved this feat, they would no longer need to rely upon limited fuel sources such as petroleum deposits or nuclear fission/fusion. In short, their version of solar power would take on a whole new meaning and would be worlds more superior to our own version here on Earth.
If a species achieve a Type II status, they would no longer need to worry about solar imbalances, droughts, or severe weather. They could predict the output of a star and regulate its output in a way that is most healthy for the system and the inhabitants thereof.
They could develop space-travel technology that would put ours to shame. Such a civilization could make achievements that may seem unimaginable, but one of these possible developments stands out.
If a civilization could use all of the energy of a star, this would mean that in some way, they were able to control the effects of the energy of the star and how it impacted their civilization at any given time. Eventually, their developments might include the ability to shield entire ships from the harmful effects of a star—allowing them to fly into stars to study them. Perhaps at some point, the civilization would develop a shielding technology (along with cloaking ability) that would cause their craft to be impervious to any harmful effects from stellar energy. Such technology might even allow them to use these stars as gateways.
In early 2005, well-known author and independent researcher, Richard C. Hoagland, reported a number of highly intriguing incidents with what appeared to be planet-sized, spherical UFOs entering and exiting from our sun. These UFOs were so enormous and yet so fast in their movements, that they were barely perceivable by Earth-based telescopes. Even still, NASA instruments were able to detect them—creating quite an interesting puzzle for independent researchers to solve.
Below is an excerpt from an early DTM article written on this very subject. The article refers to a number of images taken by Earth-based telescopes and published by official sources. These images were later included in Hoagland's research.
February 2, 2005...
Anyone who understands particular movement in space knows that this is not at all space dust. Particles in space move at a single vector. They don't turn or change direction at all unless something causes this directional change artificially (hens the law of inertia).
This is a very large object. Again, it looks to be the size of the sun itself, and not only that, it is moving at an extremely high rate of speed. It is also making intelligent course corrections as it moves. It's moving fast enough to streak the lens, and far away enough that its trail drastically reduces in size.
This is not debris, and it is not space dust. It is likely a craft of some kind, which, at times, seems to be as bright as the sun.
[Above image] The gas giant on the left is normal. We can tell that it's a planet because it's on the elliptic, but the streak toward the lower left is most unusual.
[Above image] You can see a spiral structure in the trail of this object, which, according to Richard C. Hoagland, is evidence of accelerated electrons excited in a high strength magnetic field. This is most likely one of these spheres moving at incredible speeds.
July 31, 2002...
[Above image] There is a Mars-sized object on the right, but Mars is actually on the left. So there is another planet-sized object causing yet another CCD overload.
[Above image] Here is a closeup of the above slide. There is Mars on the left, and on the right is the sun-cruiser.
This image [above] was taken the next day. We can still see Mars, as it is a planet, and has a predictable direction, and a slower rate of travel, but the spec on the right is completely gone. Planets don't vanish or take off in less than 24 hours. That other sphere was no planet.
In this image [above], the object on the far right may be a planet. The two we see in the middle and on the left are both below the elliptic and moving too quickly to be planets. (These are stills from the original animation.)
This [above] is a coronal mass ejection in progress, but the interesting part is what happened just before this CME took place. In the animation on the "Cyberspace Orbit" website, two spheres can be seen rapidly approaching the sun, and entering into it. The subsequent CME irrupts immediately afterward.
As we might recall, the UFOs—due to their tendency to linger around the sun—were dubbed sun cruisers. These apparent vessels were believed to have been controlled by highly advanced ETs with the ability to use stars as gateways for travel. However, these phenomena are still shrouded in mystery.
If these were actual planet-sized spherical ships, the mere sight of them may cause unwanted concerns for any developed civilization. This may be why the alleged ships appear to be cloaked and transparent. To add, if several metallic planet-sized ships arrived in a solar system uncloaked, they would create an unhealthy amount of shadowing and could block out the sun from civilizations that depended upon it. This is one of several reasons why cloaking technology would be useful for travelers visiting our solar system.
If the above images do look somewhat familiar, they should. These are quite reminiscent of our images of interest.
There have been many sightings over the years of strange objects in the sky—both around the Earth and around our sun. These sightings have ranged greatly in shape, formation, frequency of sighting, and duration of the appearance of these craft.
Each of the thousands of sightings that have been reported or even those that have been classified and then declassified by the CIA have contributed to the very strong possibility that we are not alone in this universe. In fact, in all likelihood, we are not even alone in this solar system, on this planet, or even in our own neighborhood. So when we see these images, it is important for us to have that healthy amount of skepticism, but to also have a flexible mind so that we are able to adapt whenever we find the truth to be different than we originally thought.
The following images come from several Facebook posts from a user who preferred to remain mostly private at this time, so I will refrain from mentioning their name. They seem to be a generous individual who came across something extraordinary and was courteous enough to share their hobby with the world. We are grateful for the gesture.
At first glance, some may not notice what exactly they are looking at. Is this simply a dirty lens viewing the night sky? No. By my understanding, these images were taken during the daytime with an iPhone 8, telescopic/lens adapter, and possibly a solar filter. The glowing object in the center is a somewhat distorted image of the sun. There are also objects surrounding the sun which are unknown.
(C) (D) (E)
We may look at these small, spotty objects and simply assume they are dust particles on the lens. However, dust is typically random in shape and arrangement. These small objects are not.
They appear to be actual objects distributed throughout three-dimensional space. As we may notice, the objects in the center image above (D) all appear to have the same vanishing point within the image, causing me to suspect that the image depicts a highly voluminous area, such as outer space.
The image F and G appear to depict the same or similar objects as the others. There is no way for us to determine size relationships, as we do not know what we are actually looking at. Nor do we know the distance of these objects from the sun. However, from the above image on the left (F), we do see what appears to be a sort of corona or what could be compared to a solar bow-shock surrounding each object on the sun-facing side of each object. If these objects were advanced ships of some kind, we might expect to see something very similar—large ships traveling by their own power while being buffeted by the blast of the solar winds. In addition to these smaller objects, we see what appear to be enormous transparent spheres distributed in multiple locations throughout each image. If these do not represent smudges on a lens, this would make sense. These images appear to depict the familiar transparent spheres we have seen images of in past official astronomic photography. Notice how in some of these images, the light of the sun actually shines brighter on the side of the spheres closest to the sun—just as we might expect to see on a physical, transparent, and slightly opaque spherical object. What could these objects be?
Exploring the Possibilities
We can only speculate as to what might be taking place in our solar system at present. However, according to these images, it appears that something quite significant has just occurred. Unfortunately, we do not have the scientific evidence to validate what we see here. Yet, the reason we do not have this evidence is that many of the astronomic observatories that would have been gathering said evidence were conveniently shut down in less than 24 hours of one another.
These images show what appear to be not simply one, but many enormous, possible planet-sized spheres along with what looks to be dozens—if not hundreds of craft of some kind. All of these objects appear to be emanating from our sun (or from an original point near the sun). According to the linear trajectory of the apparent ships, they all appear to have gated in through the sun or to at least be moving away from the same central point of origin relative to the sun.
The original image of the solar tornado was similar to these in that it was correlated with a small solar ejection. If we imagine a planet-sized ship gating in from within the sun, it would make sense that as it left the solar surface it would have a plasma trail or possible plasma vortex attached to it similar to the way in which reported USOs (unidentified submerged objects) do as they emerge from beneath the water's surface before taking to flight.
It could be that the small geomagnetic storm we experienced on September 11 was the result of not simply one large UFO leaving the surface of the sun, but the possible result of hundreds of craft of multiple sizes gating into the solar system through our sun.
Of course, we must take into account the possibility that all of these images are mere flukes and could be lens flares or some other photographic hiccup caused by questionable iPhone hardware/software. There is a chance this could be the case. However, this does not seem to explain the numerous other connections we've discussed here. Why did so many solar observatories close in such a short period of time preceding what was claimed to be a mere geomagnetic storm? Why do the official SOHO images look so similar to these images recently taken of the sun? There appears to be some connection between these two occurrences.
Meeting the Neighbors
According to extensive research, there appears to be a particular consensus on the subject of the possibilities of ET contact. Many sources within alternative communities believe that the majority of ETs within the cosmos are largely benevolent and desire to assist humanity in whatever way they are able. Though there are reported to be a number of exceptions, for the most part, this appears to be agreed upon by most alternative sources of information.
Many are familiar with the text of the Law of One and the way in which it has impacted the truth community. According to this text, any being we meet within the universe can have a variety of different focuses and intentions upon meeting them. They could either be benevolent (or focused on serving others), malevolent (or negatively focused on selfish intentions), or they could be neutral and take a position of what we might consider scientific curiosity (or the position of an observer). Those who serve others typically define themselves in their generosity and their willingness to meet the needs of others. Those who are negative will typically behave like narcissists, sociopaths, or psychopaths depending upon the severity of their self-focus. These negative beings behave as though they are the center of the universe, and they consider anyone who does not acknowledge their assumed superiority to be evil. According to my understanding, the beings who are neutral must be discipline in their intent to avoid becoming involved in any opposition between the positive polarity and the negative polarity. Under normal circumstances, any ET we might meet out in space will be far more advanced than Earth humans. As Earthlings, we could consider ourselves to be at what is called 3rd density (or in some cases 4th). This means that with regard to spiritual maturity, we are old enough to cause trouble, but not mature enough to handle independent life in the galaxy. Consequently, we are stuck on one planet for the most part. When we evolve to a point where we can behave responsibly and respectfully toward all other beings we might encounter in our galaxy/universe, we might be able to travel outside of our solar system (though according to whistleblower testimony, various covert projects have already developed the ability to do so). In fact, according to research, many benevolent ET groups are interested in helping to assist us in achieving that level of maturity.
The Law of One text refers to this benevolent group as the Confederation. This group is said to consist of many different species of ETs all of which have matured to a point of self-sufficiency and balance in the galaxy. After they achieve this maturity, those within this group travel to different planets where civilizations are about to transition into hihger consciousness. These benevolent ETs may either observe the process of development or, at times, they render aid to ensure a smooth transition of the civilization into a state of independence. The task is typically hands-off for the most part, as too much interference can actually hinder those who are learning to be self-sufficient. According to multiple sources, this is why we do not see ETs walking the streets on the regular (or at least we believe we do not see ETs).
There are ETs which we might consider negative. Ironically, we do not actually need to worry about them coming to invade, necessarily. According to many sources, the negative ETs are already living here on Earth with us. These sources claim that these ETs are those behind the destruction of Earth's habitats, the degradation of human health, and the progressive imbalance upon the planet as a whole.
These negative ETs, with the help of psychopathic humans, have largely reduced the planet to desolation. However, thanks to humanity's process of natural and spiritual maturity (along with the assistance of multiple positive groups), this has not been allowed to occur.
If there are hundreds of ET craft occupying our solar system at present, what could this mean? Why are they here?
These beings could intend to render aid when the act is most appropriate and beneficial for us. Alternatively, they may be here to simply witness the transition of humanity into a higher level of consciousness. According to multiple sources, this process of ascension is actually quite spectacular. In fact, in the case of present-day Earth humans, the transition we are said to be presently undergoing is completely unique in the universe. It has never happened before. Consequently, it is understandable that a large number of ET spectators would want to witness it.
I suppose there is a possibility that various negative ETs would want to take advantage of our transition or to perhaps stop it. However, considering the difficulties we appear to be having during this transition and yet the monumental levels of progress we are constantly achieving, I find it more likely that these negative beings are already on Earth and are throwing a few final tantrums before being completely defeated.
I have to say how bizarre it is to be able to write an article like this. To be honest, writing is not typically this easy for me. It takes time and quite a bit of mental and physical dedication. Mobility and lack of energy have been significant issues for me for several years now, as my friends will know. However, this post, in many ways, seems to have written itself.
The composition seemed to come to me automatically. The format, the subjects, sources, and even the images all seemed to simply pop into my head within in a matter of minutes. I stayed up until 3:00 am last night simply because the information was flowing so easily. Again this does not typically happen.
Even my dreams were out of the ordinary last night. I recall experiencing a conversation with someone who felt like family—possibly more than one person. I was consoling them and helping them to understand a difficulty they were experiencing. At the same time, I remember receiving some type of help or assistance from someone else. Though I can't remember too much detail about the interaction, I do remember the words of reassurance I heard as I woke up.
I heard a kind and gentle voice say, "Good luck," and as I opened my eyes, I realized that I had awakened at nearly the exact same time I would have, had I set my alarm. Also, I was in significantly less pain than I was the night before.
To be honest, I can't take full credit for writing in this way with such ease. I have to give credit where it is due, but in this case, I'm not sure where it is coming from. We could speculate, but I'd much rather evaluate the material for its informational content than go off on any tangents. I will say that the first time I wrote about the subject of sun cruisers, the experience was very similar.
There were numerous synchronizations and events that just seemed to work themselves out in order to help me finish the article. I experienced multiple numeric synchronizations including the numbers 9 and 1 as well as ascending numeric sequences both then and now. There was also the fact that this particular post could very well be the 912th post for the Discerning the Mystery website (though technically the 913th), and this very article came to me and was completed for the most part on 9/12/18.
During my process, the words of this post seemed to type themselves. The composition felt as though it already existed before I put much thought into it, and the way in which the subject seemed to assist in the overall disclosure process made the experience a truly joyful undertaking.
It's an honor to explore these possibilities with you, the audience. Even if none of these developments turn out to be accurate and are proven bogus, I hope that these recent events can help each of us realize that we have a mission to accomplish here on Earth. To add, we should keep in mind that even if a benevolent group of ETs comes to visit our system as witnesses or assistants, it is we—WE—who have the power and the duty to free ourselves.
No one is going to save us from our problems and we do not and have never needed them to. We have always had the power to change this planet for the better, I believe. It may only be now and in the coming moments, that we finally realize the fact.
Are we alone? It’s a question that remains unanswered now for thousands of years, and given the vastness of space, it will only be answered with extraterrestrial contact—otherwise every uncharted nook of the universe could be harboring alien life.
Whereas some believe we must explore out into galaxies to find biological brethren, countless others believe the life has come to us, mostly in the form of UFO, abductions, and other “conspiracy theories.”
But are the tens of thousands (or more?) eyewitness reports and video/photographic evidence just theories?
What about the countless military personnel who risk reputation and rank to testify on the shocking UFOs they’ve seen—so much so that some of them even convened at the National Press Club to discuss the matter?
Let this quote from Lord Admiral Hill-Norton, a Former Chief of Defense Staff, 5-Star Admiral, and Chairman of the NATO Military Committee, add credence to this otherworldly claim:
With all the of the documented incidents, one particularly fascinating moment was witnessed by roughly 1 million people in Los Angeles in 1942.
This is a photo of the flying object that nabbed the attention of LA locals and even the military, which actually responded with military fire—approximately 1,500 bullets:
The UFO was, understandably, seen as a threat since it had only been 3 months since Pearl Harbor.
“Several radars detected an object about 120 miles west of Los Angeles
Within minutes, anti-aircraft batteries went on high alert
At approximately 2:20 am, the object was tracked on radar to within a few miles of the coast and a city blackout was ordered
Shortly after 3:00 am, the object appeared right over the city and anti-aircraft batteries opened fire
Approximately 1500 rounds were fired into the sky, not over the ocean but directly over the city
Three citizens died from the shelling and three more from heart attacks attributed to the shelling
A great deal of property damage was inflicted
Dr. Bruce Maccabee, an expert in photographic analysis, believed the objects to be roughly 100 feet or more in diameter
The event was witnessed by approximately 1 million people.”
When multiple people end up dead and the United State military is forced to respond with violence, you know this isn’t just some fake news hoax.
Here is the eyewitness testimony from one of the roughly 1 million people who witnessed that night’s events, Scott Littleton, a professor from Occidental College in LA:
“The two of us stood side by side in front of the house, huddling together in the chill night air and staring up into the sky.
“The planes we’d heard were not in sight, but what captured our rapt attention was a silvery, lozenge-shaped “bug,” as my mother later described it, that was clearly visible in the searchlight beams that pinpointed it.
“Although it was a clear, moonlit night, no other details could be discerned, despite the fact that, when we first saw it, the object was hanging motionless almost directly overhead.
“Its altitude is hard to estimate, especially after all these years, but I’d guess that it was somewhere between 4,000 and 8,000 feet.
“This may explain why we didn’t see the orange glow reported by several eyewitnesses in Santa Monica and Culver City, where the object was apparently much lower. (One witness suggests that this glow may simply have been the reflection of shell bursts against the object’s “silvery” body.)”
Although the government ultimately tried to deny the incident by describing the UFO as anything but extraterrestrial life, many people are not so convinced.
Un chasseur d’OVNIs en ligne, Paranormal Crucible, a découvert il y quelques semaines des images intrigantes prises par l’astronaute Jim Irwin pendant la mission Apollo 15, en juillet 1971, la première où un buggy a permis aux astronautes de parcourir des distances importantes. Sur ce film, on distingue à l’arrière plan une forme plus claire présentant l’aspect classique d’un disque posé sur le sol lunaire ou flottant à une faible hauteur derrière un cratère. Sous le "disque", une tâche sombre peut-être interprétée comme l’ombre de l’OVNI supposé. La vidéo partagée sur YouTube a été coupée, remontée et en partie retouchée afin de souligner les contours de l'anomalie mais le film original ci-dessus est disponible sur le site des archives de la NASA, sous l’intitulé: «Journal Text: 120:06:18 2 minutes 47 seconds (Real Video Clip: 0.7 Mb or MPG Video Clip: 25 Mb)». Le prétendu disque apparaît à 1’20’’.
A lire aussi: Un OVNI filmé pendant la mission Apollo XV ?
What:Dark pill-shaped objects hovering and moving slowly
Video showing a dark, pill-shaped object hovering stationary in a gray sky over Colombia, with another similar object also then appearing and moving toward it, has been uploaded to YouTube. It's based on a MUFON report that was just sent (case 95063):
Saw tic-tac shaped black object hover.
Videotaped it. While videotaping on my phone, a second object rose from below. The first object disappeared behind clouds. Second object flew slowly out of view behind a building I was on vacation in Medellin, Colombia this summer. I was on the second floor of a building and looked out the window. I am always looking at the sky. I saw a black oval/ tic-tac shaped object floating in the sky. It was difficult to judge the distance. I immediately got my Samsung S9+ smartphone and began video taping the object. The object simply hovered in place. The object was pitch black, but there was a glow outlining the object. After about four minutes, the object started to fade behind clouds that moved in front of it. The clouds were large and far away, but the clouds were in front of the object. This leads me to believe the object was relatively large given the distance it was viewable with the naked eye. Almost as soon as the first object was blocked by the clouds, I noticed a second object rise from below. In the video, you can see the second object rise before I actually noticed it with my eyesight. The second object was more of a diamond shape. It moved slowly upward and wobbled/pulsated as it slowly ascended. This object also had a glow around it. At times, the second object had a shimmer. At this point, due to the 5 min video duration limit on the phone I stopped recording momentarily. I then re-initiated the video recording of the second object. I continued to record the second object for an additional 3 minutes 26 seconds before it moved out of view behind an adjacent building.
I have the videos posted to youtube and I can provide that to you if requested.
For some reason, my copy of the second video is corrupted and won't play on a computer. It does play on my phone. when I try to transfer it from my phone to my computer, the 1.81 gb file on my phone will only transfer 446 Mb to my computer.
These objects appear to be remarkably similar to the craft captured by F-18 gun cameras and released by the Department of Defense in December of 2017.
De rovers zijn heelhuids geland, hebben al foto’s gemaakt én een keertje ‘gehopt’.
De Japanse ruimtesonde Hayabusa2 – die eind juni bij de planetoïde Ryugu aanmeerde – liet de twee rovers gisteren los, waarop ze langzaam maar gestaag naar het oppervlak afdaalden. En nu is het verlossende woord dan eindelijk daar: beide rovers zijn heelhuids op Ryugu geland en hebben inmiddels al foto’s gemaakt, data verzameld en verzonden. Daarnaast heeft de Japanse ruimtevaartorganisatie bekend gemaakt dat in ieder geval één van de rovers zich momenteel op het oppervlak van de planetoïde verplaatst. Dat doet de rover door te ‘hoppen’ oftewel kleine sprongetjes te maken.
Opluchting Het is ongetwijfeld een enorme opluchting voor de Japanse ruimtevaartorganisatie die 13 jaar geleden tijdens de Hayabusa-missie ook al een lander op een planetoïde probeerde te zetten. Dat mislukte. “Ik was ontroerd toen ik zag hoe deze kleine rovers met succes het oppervlak van een planetoïde verkennen, omdat we daar in de tijd van de Hayabusa-missie – 13 jaar gelden – niet in slaagden,” stelt Makoto Yoshikawa, namens JAXA. “Ik was met name onder de indruk van de beelden die van dichtbij van het oppervlak zijn gemaakt.” Hieronder zie je zo’n foto. Deze is gemaakt door Rover-1B. Het oppervlak van de planetoïde is goed zichtbaar. De vreemde vlek in de linkerbovenhoek is te wijten aan een reflectie van zonlicht.
Hop! Ook heel bijzonder: de foto hieronder. Deze werd gemaakt terwijl Rover-1A over het oppervlak van Ryugu hopte. “Met deze foto kunnen we de effectiviteit van dit bewegingsmechanisme op een klein hemellichaam bevestigen,” stelt onderzoeker Tetsuo Yoshimitsu, eveneens verbonden aan JAXA. “Het is het resultaat van talloze jaren onderzoek.”
De landing van de twee rovers kan gezien worden als een mijlpaal. En er volgen er ongetwijfeld nog meer. Zo is het de bedoeling dat Hayabusa2 in oktober de MASCOT-lander naar Ryugu stuurt. En in 2019 moet de sonde een kleine krater op de planetoïde creëren, materiaal uit die krater halen en terug naar de aarde brengen. Zoals het er nu naar uitziet, zal Hayabusa2 eind 2019 afscheid nemen van Ryugu en het verzamelde materiaal ongeveer een jaar later op aarde afleveren.
We still haven’t heard from the Opportunity rover on Mars, which went silent in June when a dust storm engulfed it. Now, at least, the dust has cleared, and we can see the rover!
View larger. | The HiRISE camera aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) captured this image on September 20, 2018. The object centered in the square is the Opportunity rover, now visible again for the 1st time since a dust storm swept over it a little more than 100 days ago.
NASA said on September 25, 2018, that it still hasn’t heard from its Opportunity rover on Mars, which had been going strong on the red planet since landing there in early 2004.
But, NASA announced:
… at least we can see it again.
A high-resolution camera (HiRISE) aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter captured a small object on the slopes of Mars’ Perseverance Valley. That object is Opportunity, which was descending into this valley on Mars when a dust storm swept over the region a little more than 100 days ago. NASA said:
The storm was one of several that stirred up enough dust to enshroud most of the red planet and block sunlight from reaching the surface. The lack of sunlight caused the solar-powered Opportunity to go into hibernation.
The rover’s team at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, hasn’t heard from it since. On September 11, JPL began increasing the frequency of commands it beams to the 14-year-old rover.
The tau — a measurement of how much sunlight reaches the surface — over Opportunity was estimated to be a little higher than 10 during some points during the dust storm. The tau has steadily fallen in the last several months. On Thursday, September 20, when this image was taken, tau was estimated to be about 1.3 by MRO’s Mars Color Imager camera.
This image was produced from about 166 miles (267 km) above the Martian surface. The white box marks a 154-foot-wide (47-meter-wide) area centered on the rover.
Image via Cassini during a Titan flyby in 2009. Bright spots near Titan’s equator around the time of its equinox have been interpreted as dust storms. Read the story here.
Over the next several weeks, I’ll be conducting interviews with leading UFO researchers from countries around the world in an effort to paint a picture of global UFOlogy today.
This week, our global UFO trek takes us to New Zealand, and to Suzy Hansen, an author, researcher, experiencer, and former professional educationist. Suzy is the author of The Dual Soul Connection: The Alien Agenda for Human Advancement, with contributions by Dr. Rudy Schild, Emeritus Professor of Astrophysics, Harvard/Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, USA.
Suzy is also the founding Director of the UFOCUS NZ Research Network (NZ UFO sightings), and coordinator of Communicator Link (advocacy & support for experiencers/abductees). She was instrumental in lobbying for the release of the NZ MoD UFO Files in 2010/11. She has been lecturing internationally for more than 20 years and has featured in numerous interviews, articles and documentaries.
RG: Who have been the defining figures in New Zealand UFOlogy over the past 70 years (for better or for worse), and why?
SH: The most active and prominent researchers in my opinion were Fred and Phyllis Dickeson, Harold Fulton, Harvey Cooke (all gone now), and currently, the Dickeson’s son Bryan and I guess—myself!
The Dickesons were former NZ air force personnel who worked tirelessly to publicise UFO sighting investigation data. They established nationwide discussion groups and published the UFO magazines Satcu and Xenolog. They also hosted well-known UFO personalities to NZ, including author Erich von Daniken and contactee George Adamski.
Bryan Dickeson investigated UFO sightings throughout the ‘70s and ‘80s, and spoke at early New Zealand UFO conferences. He is also a trained regression therapist and investigated New Zealand’s first publicised abduction experience. Bryan now resides in Australia and has contributed significantly to Australia’s UFO research too. He has recently digitised some 6,500 New Zealand UFO sightings from his parents’ research material, which will soon be available to the public on UFOCUS NZ’s website.
The late Harold Fulton was also ex-air force and investigated some of New Zealand’s most significant UFO events along with the other researchers I have mentioned. His focus was on aviation sightings and his data was meticulous and scientific.
The late Harvey Cooke was perhaps the “Mr Personality” of UFO research here, and, although he never had a UFO sighting himself, his passion and enthusiasm for the subject was endless. Harvey contributed significantly through TV and radio interviews, organising conferences, and he ran one of the world’s longest-standing UFO groups for 55 years. His memory for names and dates was legendary.
RG: What do you consider to be the most compelling NZ UFO incident on record, and why?
SH: Without a doubt, the Kaikoura Lights sightings of 1978/79 are the most renowned NZ sightings. The two main sightings that occurred in December 1978/79 were captured on film, seen visually by pilots and a film crew onboard one of the flights, and appeared on Wellington Airport radar and the radar of the two Argosy aircraft involved. These anomalous lights were observed by many members of the public as well over a period of weeks.
One of the objects filmed during the Kaikoura Lights incident of 1978/79.
The Kaikoura Lights events effectively divided New Zealand society, as scientific groups and governmental departments carried out an attempted whitewash of the main sightings, attributing ever more ludicrous explanations to the events: it was Venus! It was the lights of squid boats reflected off the bottom of clouds! It was the streetlights of townships reflecting off the breasts of mutton birds flying south! The radar was faulty! (Not true).
In 2007 I was made aware of a piece of 16 mm television news footage by former a TV1 cameraman who had kept the reel concealed for years. It was digitised, and he told me it could settle the debate and silence skeptics for good, because it revealed a large light that split into two lights, both of which disappeared at speed in different directions. The footage was taken at the Clarence River mouth, where many sightings took place near Kaikoura. Unfortunately however, the footage was sold for a five figure sum to a documentary company in the States and has never been revealed to the public.
Dr. Bruce Maccabee, US optical data analyst, carried out an analysis of the film crew’s footage, and considers the Kaikoura sightings to be in the top 10 worldwide.
RG: What is the NZ government’s official stance on UFOs? When was the last time it issued a statement on the subject?
SH: The New Zealand government has generally refrained from making official statements about the UFO subject, with the exception of the Kaikoura Lights sightings, which attracted the attention of Sir Robert Muldoon, Prime Minister at the time. However the MOD UFO files released in 2010/11 revealed that as a result of investigations into the Kaikoura Lights, a number of governmental departments were involved in researching the event, including the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Civil Aviation, Air Traffic Control, the Joint Intelligence Bureau, the Commissioner of Police, the Director of the New Zealand Meteorological Service, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT), and the Director of Carter Observatory. Brief statements were made by government departments at this time in 1978/79. Any other official statements concerning the UFO topic have been made by the New Zealand Defence Force, the most recent being when the files were released.
‘The Beehive’ in Wellington, NZ, home to the executive wing of the NZ parliament.
RG: Does the NZ Ministry of Defence have an official UFO investigations unit?
SH: In September 1985, Wing Commander S. B. White, on behalf of Air Vice Marshal Ewan Jamieson, stated that New Zealand’s Ministry of defence has always claimed that it is not specifically charged with any formal responsibility for investigating UFOs, and neither is any other governmental Department, but that the Ministry does however take an active interest in all such reports and, within the limitations of its resources, conducts investigations as necessary.
However, the MOD UFO files revealed that although they did not have a funded UFO investigation unit, an official investigative committee was formed in the early-1970s and was disbanded in 1976. The members of this group included representatives of the Intelligence Service, the RNZAF, the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Meteorological Service, Air Traffic Control, the Ministry of Transport and Carter Observatory. The outcome of their investigations suggested that they decided the UFO problem was a scientific matter rather than a threat to defence.
UFOCUS NZ’s archives contain a number of significant sighting events that witnesses state were investigated by the Air Force on behalf of the Ministry of Defence, including witness interviews, investigation of ground markings and other physical details, and photographs of specific areas. The witnesses state they were told by the air force representative that if they went to the media or spoke publicly about the investigations, the Air Force would deny all knowledge of it. Some witnesses report feeling intimidated.
RG: Has the NZ government shown more or less transparency on the UFO subject than the US, Australian, and British governments?
SH: Officially, the New Zealand government has refrained from involvement in UFO related matters, instead leaving such statements to the Defence Forces, on behalf of the Ministry of Defence.
In a letter to me dated 28 April 2009, the New Zealand Chief of Defence Force, Lt Gen Jerry Maeparae stated, “in the longer term, recognising the ongoing public interest in this topic, I should like to see a summary of information held about UFO sightings produced, in much the same way as that which is produced by the United Kingdom’s Ministry of Defence. Given existing constraints however I cannot predict when that objective may be achieved.”
In December 2009, following a further several months of lobbying, I received a follow-up letter from Lt Gen Mateparae, which stated, “I am pleased to be able to inform you that two NZ DEF officers have become that the task of assessing classified files in relation to this topic, with a view of the classification.”
New Zealand is a small country with a population of less than 5 million with limited resources to investigate UFO sightings, and I believe, as evidenced by the Chief of Defence Force’s letters, that the New Zealand Government and Ministry of Defence have largely taken their lead from the US, Australia, and British governments in terms of limited transparency and information. It is important to note that the MOD files released in 2010/11 consisted of only the air force UFO files. There still exist unreleased Navy and Army files, and restricted intelligence files.
RG: Does NZ have a national UFO investigations organisation today, and how many smaller NZ UFO groups are you aware of?
SH: In 2000, after 25 years of independent UFO research, I established the UFO Focus New Zealand Research Network(UFOCUS NZ), a nationwide UFO reporting and investigation network. At present we have a staff of seven investigators throughout the country who gather UFO related information and investigate sightings in their areas. Our staff over the years has included to air-traffic controllers, a pilot, a scientist, and an astronomer. We have a particular interest in aviation sightings, as New Zealand has a rich history of aviation-related UFO sightings, with a number of pilots and air traffic controllers who have been willing to go public on their sightings. As a result of this, in December 2013, we signed a written agreement of cooperation with a Chilean aviation/military UFO investigation group to share data and sighting reports pertaining to aviation sightings, and sightings that occur around the time of seismic/volcanic activity. As previously mentioned, on behalf of UFOCUS NZ, I was instrumental in lobbying the New Zealand Chief of Defence Forces for the release of the New Zealand Air Force MOD UFO files in 2010/11.
From the 1950s through to the mid-90s there were a number of UFO groups throughout New Zealand, formed by some of the early veteran UFO researchers I have mentioned who liked UFOCUS NZ, actively investigated sighting reports. Throughout the ’60s and ’70s there were a significant number of UFO sightings in New Zealand, coinciding with the times of known UFO flaps worldwide. Today, UFOCUS NZ is the only active UFO sighting investigation and research group in New Zealand.
RG: What are the most active regions of NZ for UFO sighting reports (hotspots)?
SH: We receive UFO sighting reports from all around New Zealand, and of course the population distribution plays a part in how many reports we may receive from certain areas. New Zealand is a largely rural society, with large areas that are sparsely populated.
Rural New Zealand.
Having said that, there are certain areas from which we have regularly received reports over the years, including the Central North Island volcanic plateau, the mysterious dome Valley north of Auckland, and the Kaipara Harbour where well-known New Zealand pilot and author Bruce Cathie observed a USO as he flew his DC3 transport plane over the harbour back in 1965. A significant number of UFO sightings were reported beginning just 10 days before the massive Christchurch earthquake in 2011, and continuing through to several weeks after the after-shocks had settled down.
However, the most prolific UFO sightings occurred in the Gisborne/East Cape area of the North island during what came to be known as the ‘Gisborne UFO flap’ of 1977 to 1980, and of course the Kaikoura Light sightings of 1978/79, which occurred over the northern end of the South Island.
Along with aviation sightings, UFOCUS NZ has a particular interest in sightings that occur around the time of seismic and volcanic activity in our country, which have been significant.
RG: Have you personally had any UFO sightings?
SH: Yes, I have had a number of UFO sightings, some of which I have documented in my book, The Dual Soul Connection. At age 8, in 1962, my family and I observed a long bright orange cigar-shaped light over a series of hills some 20 km away. We watched the light for one and a half hours, during which time it flared and pulsed in the sky before eventually moving off south. It was sighted by hundreds of people that night, and was reported in our national newspaper. This event changed my life and I developed an intense interest in space, stars, and even aviation. My mind was blown by the fact that this was not a natural phenomenon or aircraft, therefore “something” had to be flying it!
Suzy Hansen and her book, ‘The Dual Soul Connection.’
In 1975 I was a young 20-year-old teacher working in the Hawkes Bay region of New Zealand. While driving home to the city from a rural farming area my friend and I observed an unusual light in the sky which at first we thought was a helicopter or agricultural aircraft. However, the light suddenly “switched off” and reappeared over the hills adjacent to us, before repeating sequence two more times. After a few seconds the light disappeared and, having stopped the car to watch, we felt we could continue our journey; but the light reappeared behind us. It approached our car at speed, a massive light wider than the road, and the last I recall is being blinded by the brilliant light, deafened by a loud noise, and feeling the car lifting off the road before I must have lost consciousness. My next memory is of the car hitting the road again, but now it was no longer in late afternoon sunshine, but in complete darkness. We had lost 90 minutes of time. This incident catapulted me headlong into UFO site investigation and contact research.
From 1978 to 1986 I lived in the Gisborne/East Cape area of the North Island during the time of the Gisborne UFO flap. While fishing at a remote beach on the Cape I observe a large green ball of light rise out of the water and fly over the nearby hills. On another occasion I saw a matte black egg-shaped object flying over a range of hills, and other witnesses reported the same object.
RG: How long have you been involved in the UFO subject; roughly how many cases have you personally investigated; and what conclusions, if any, have you drawn about the underlying nature of UFO phenomena?
SH: This is my 44th year of research into the UFO and contact phenomena, and there is no sign of the workload lessening, or my interest waning. I have investigated hundreds of sightings and talked with hundreds of witnesses and contactees/abductees/experiencers in New Zealand and worldwide—thousands if you count my internet interviews. Of those sightings investigated, some twenty three or so were in-depth investigations involving sightings of actual craft, and, in some cases, entities/occupants associated with the craft. Now, some people may doubt the validity of those cases, but it is interesting that the witnesses were scientists, medical workers, emergency staff, pilots, along with farmers and truck drivers, who we consider credible witnesses who know their environments well. These are not the kind of people to hoax events or seek notoriety. It is through talking with these high calibre witnesses that one understands the enormity of the subject, the importance of critical thinking in investigation, the potential impact of possible contact in our future, and the extent to which these events changed the witnesses’ lives and worldviews forever.
My own sightings and experiences have led me to recognise there is a long-term agenda at play where UFO sightings are concerned. Although many sightings may be brief and random, those that are more in-depth, as I have described above, confirm my thoughts that just as many sightings and contacts are “by design,” meaning they occurred for a reason or purpose controlled by the occupants of the UFOs and this is evident in the way the events effect many witnesses, and in the prior sightings or paranormal incidents they often divulge to an investigator in the course of interviews. Of course, not all sightings are welcomed by witnesses, but there is much to be learned scientifically, socially, psychologically etc. from their descriptions.
Science is now validating the physics behind the descriptions UFO witnesses and experiencers have recounted for decades, and of course we now know there are plenty of habitable planets out there with similar attributes to Earth. I think it is only a matter of time until we truly understand why we have been observing “intruders” in our planetary airspace for decades, if not centuries and beyond. It could be that “disclosure” will occur under someone else’s timeline and control, not our own. As theoretical physicist Michio Kaku has said, we are not yet a united planetary civilisation, let alone an intergalactic civilisation prepared to meet our cosmic neighbours.
RG: How can NZ UFOlogy better itself?
SH: Well we are constantly working on this, and we continue to remain open-minded, but utilise critical thinking in investigations and research. Don’t be afraid to approach scientists and professionals for assistance and advice, and defer to greater knowledge (UFOCUS NZ utilises the skills of a number of professionals in our investigations). We should always do our homework. Keep abreast of worldwide research and network widely. Keep lobbying the MOD for further UFO files. And maintain a public profile.
For more information about New Zealand UFO research, visit: UFOCUS NZ. Suzy Hansen’s book describing her own personal UFO experiences is available here.
Take one space object with a reflectivity number just slightly higher than charcoal. Notice that it arrived close enough to wake up the rarely-alert asteroid warning system workers on October 31st, the date of a popular worldwide holiday. Stare at pictures of its dark surface long enough to conjure up an image that relates to the holiday. Throw in comments from astronomers that it’s “dead.” Stir it all together in a witch’s kettle and you have the Halloween Death Comet, a skull-ish Near Earth Object discovered days before Halloween in 2015 and returning just days after Halloween this year. Should we eat all of our candy quickly before the Death Comet destroys us the planet?
Do you really need a wild excuse like that to eat all of the candy quickly?
Asteroid 2015 TB145’s distance from Earth in 2015
Asteroid 2015 TB145 was discovered on Oct. 10, 2015 by the University of Hawaii’s Pan-STARRS-1 (Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System). Before its eerie pareidolic skull image was visible, 2015 TB145 was considered to be dangerous NEO because of its size (between 2,050 feet and 2,297 feet or .6 km to .7 km) and its projected close pass to the Earth — 300,000 miles (480.000) or just slightly beyond the orbit of the moon at 1.3 lunar distances. We’re still here, so The Great Pumpkin (NASA’s Halloweenish nickname before its scarier face was seen) didn’t get close enough for a hit. What about this time?
“Although this approach shall not be so favourable, we will be able to obtain new data which could help improve our knowledge of this mass and other similar masses that come close to our planet.”
That’s astronomer-speak for “close enough to justify our funding but not enough to cause a panic.” Pablo Santos-Sanz from the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA-CSIC) and other astronomers think the more interesting aspect of the asteroid is the fact that it’s NOT an asteroid. Vishnu Reddy, a research scientist at the Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, Arizona, explains why.
“We found that the object reflects about six percent of the light it receives from the sun. That is similar to fresh asphalt, and while here on Earth we think that is pretty dark, it is brighter than a typical comet which reflects only 3 to 5 percent of the light. That suggests it could be cometary in origin — but as there is no coma evident, the conclusion is it is a dead comet.”
Comet with coma
“Coma” is that blurry aura seen around comets as they make their tight turn around the Sun. No coma means no more ice – the definition of a dead comet killed by the Sun – but better conditions for imagining the dead comet looks like a revolving skull glaring with its dead eyes at us Earthlings as it passes. (See how easy pareidolia is?)
2015 TB145 or the Death Skull Halloween Comet Asteroid Great Pumpkin will be closest to Earth on November 11th. It’s a safe bet that you will have no more candy to gorge on by then.
Unmarked black helicopters hold a special place in UFO and conspiracy lore. Since the 1960s, mysterious helicopters lacking any identifying markings or color have been reported near the sites of UFO sightings, alien abduction claims, men in black, and even cattle mutilations. There are all sorts of conspiracy theories about the origins of these unidentified aircraft including that they belong to various agencies of some secret shadow government or the UN, that they are demonic in nature, or that they might be shapeshifters.
Of course, US law enforcement agencies such as the DEA, U.S. Marshals, and FBI are known to use black helicopters for surveillance and transportation, so there could be some truth behind alleged black helicopter sightings. There usually is some truth to all conspiracy theories, however small it may be. To add fuel to the black helicopter conspiracy theory fire, an unmarked black helicopter recently appeared flying low over Chicago rooftops, thoroughly freaking out confused Chicagoans below. The helicopter was seen dropping soldiers and equipment onto a roof before flying away.
According to aviation sleuth Tyler Rogoway writing at The War Zone, “the UH-60M Black Hawk photographed and filmed all over Chicago does not appear to belong to the United States Army. The configuration of its antennas is unique and it does not have any Army titles or serials on it.” Rogoway points outthat over the last several years, the Department of Defense has transferred many of its Black Hawk helicopters to other federal agencies, so it’s likely this was some sort of drill or training operation conducted by a federal agency.
However, the Chicago Police Department, Illinois Military Department, and National Guard have all been tight-lipped on the matter and have not given any information about who might have been conducting these exercises or for what purpose. Naturally, that has left the mind of the collective internet to wander to the most conspiratorial It’s perfectly possible – and probable – that this was a drill to offer special forces the opportunity to train in a real urban environment.
Of course, there’s also the chance, however small, that something stranger or perhaps more nefarious just went down in Chicago in broad daylight and plenty of witnesses got it on camera. Given the ubiquity of cameras today, it’s likely harder for Them to hide or disavow operations in public places. If there is a Them, that is.
We all know there is. They don’t even try to hide it anymore. Still, without any more knowledge, all we’re left to do is sit on the internet and spin theories about what we all just saw.
The almighty tussle over whether we should talk to aliens or not
The almighty tussle over whether we should talk to aliens or not
Astronomers can't decide whether messaging ET would bring interstellar chaos or a new era of galactic collaboration. And what would we say?
In November 1962, at a radar station overlooking the Black Sea at the western edge of Crimea, humankind sent its first message to extraterrestrials. It consisted of just three Russian words in Morse code, bounced off of Venus and ultimately headed towards HD 131336, a star almost 2,160 light years away. The first word, Mir, can be variously translated as ‘world’ or ‘peace’. The other words, Lenin, and SSSR, (the Latinised Russian acronym for the Soviet Union), were a little less ambiguous.
Unsurprisingly, we have not heard back from any extraterrestrial intelligence just yet. But since the Morse message, a handful of projects have sent messages beyond the confines of Earth. Some are ambitious attempts to condense human knowledge into a message decipherable by ET. The 1974 Arecibo message, composed by Frank Drake and Carl Sagan, sent graphics of DNA, humans and the solar system to a star cluster 25,000 light years away. In 1972 the Pioneer 10 spacecraft launched, carrying with it a plaque etched with a schematic of hydrogen and the spacecraft’s trajectory around Jupiter and out of the solar system. Five years later, Voyager 1 carried its own interstellar missive, in the form of a golden record carrying images of humans, maps and music by Bach, Mozart, Blind Willie Johnson and Chuck Berry.
Other messages, if they are ever intercepted, may leave ET rather underwhelmed about the prospect of intelligent life elsewhere in the Universe. In 2008, Doritos beamed a 30-second advert towards a solar system in the Ursa Major constellation, just 42 light years away from Earth. Three years earlier, the online classified adverts site Craigslist sent over 100,000 posts into outer space, on the off chance that someone in a far off galaxy was in need of an IKEA Billy bookcase in perfect condition (collection only).
Amongst this hodgepodge of messages, there has never been a sustained, scientific attempt to send a message to aliens. While the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) has coalesced around a handful of well-funded and significant projects, such as Breakthrough Listen at the Berkeley SETI Research Centre and the China’s FAST telescope, the scientists and amateur astronomers committed to messaging ET have mostly been left to go it alone. But why has the task of composing a message on behalf of the entire human race fallen to the handful researchers who are determined enough to push ahead with the project under their own steam? The problem, it turns out, is that no one can quite agree on the best way to message ET, or even if we should be doing it at all.
In the summer of 1997, just after finishing his dinner, Seth Shostak got the call that SETI researchers spend their lives waiting for. The SETI Institute, a not-for-profit organisation based in California that explores the origin of life in the Universe, had detected a signal from outer space directed exactly at the Earth. On the other side of the country, in West Virginia’s Allegheny Mountains, an antenna was picking up a narrow-band signal – the kind that only transmitters can emit – that appeared to be coming from a fixed spot in space.
As Shostak, who is a senior astronomer at the SETI Institute, waited for his colleagues to check the signal against the frequency of known Earth satellite, conversation at the Institute turned to “the protocols”. These are a set of principles that set out what should happen if researchers detect a sign of ET from outer space. The protocols, agreed by the International Academy of Astronautics in 1989, are brief – a little over 1,000 words that tell us what to do if we discover that we are no longer alone in the Universe.
There are nine parts to the “Declaration of Principles Concerning Activities Following the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligence”. The first three deal with confirming that the signal is indeed a sign of extraterrestrial life and include sharing data data about the finding with the UN and a long list of arcane-sounding bodies including the International Astronautical Federation, the International Institute of Space Law, Commission 51 of the International Astronomical Union and Commission J of the International Radio Science Union.
The next few points deal with the dissemination of the announcement, which should be made “widely through scientific channels and public media”, although the discoverer has first dibs on make the announcement public. The data, too, should be made available to other scientists in papers and through conferences so that they can verify the findings themselves.
“The most important responsibility that we have as scientists that are engaging in this field is to verify and follow-up on any discovery that we make,” says Andrew Siemion, director of the Berkeley SETI Research Centre in California. Working out whether we should respond – and deciding what to say if we do respond – is a much bigger question, says Siemion, and one that most scientists just haven’t got around to thinking about yet.
The reason for this is simple, Siemion says. Sending messages across space takes a really, really long time. Even if we found aliens on a planet orbiting Proxima Centauri – the closest star to us apart from the Sun – tomorrow, it’d still take almost four-and-a-half years for a message to reach the Earth and the same time for our return message. There just wouldn’t be any need for us to have a message ready to go, Siemion says.
Which brings us to point eight of the protocols. No response should be sent, it reads, until “appropriate international consultations” have been taken place. In 2010, this section of the protocol was updated to specify the United Nations as the kind of international body that should be consulted before any response is sent. Shostak and his colleagues, however, never got this far. The message they were tracking was actually a telemetry signal from SOHO, a solar research satellite operated by Nasa and the European Space Agency.
Still, the false alarm highlighted one thing – when it comes to messaging ET back, there is no consensus on what we should do. For Siemion, that’s simply a reflection of how young the SETI movement is. Breakthrough Listen, the most comprehensive search for extraterrestrial communications ever, only kicked off in January 2016 after the Israeli-Russian entrepreneur Yuri Milner provided $100 million in funding for the scheme. “There is an awful lot of searching left to do,” says Siemion, who is also the principle investigator for the Breakthrough Listen project. “Before we get into the game of transmitting messages we should at least take a few years or perhaps a few decades to do a little bit of listening before we do speaking.”
In 2015, Siemion was one of 28 signatories who warned of the possible dangers involved in messaging extraterrestrial intelligence (METI). Since humans have only just acquired the capability to send interstellar messages, it’s very likely that extraterrestrial civilisations, if they exist, will be much more advanced than we are. “We know nothing of [ET’s] intentions and capabilities, and it is impossible to predict whether [ET] will be benign or hostile,” wrote the authors of the letter, including Elon Musk. Stephen Hawking, too, has warned of the dangers of contacting an alien civilisation that may be much more advanced that us.
But Doug Vakoch, an astrobiologist who left the SETI Institute to set up METI International – an organisation that focuses on sending messages to outer space – isn’t convinced that messaging ET does pose that much of a risk. Television and radio broadcast already leak signals into space, and any civilisation a few hundred years or so more advanced than us is very likely to be able to detect those signals across interstellar distances, says Vakoch. “It’s not a case of making ourselves known to a civilisation for the first time, if they get our signal they have already detected our leakage.”
For Siemion, this cuts both ways. Since ET can overhear us anyway, why worry about sending a message to say hello? Would-be METI-ists might be better off picking up their phone and calling in to their local radio station, he points out. But there’s always the danger that if we do leave the extraterrestrial messaging down to a handful of renegade enthusiasts, that they might end up sending a message that doesn’t go down well with the aliens. It’s all very well sending Doritos adverts to the stars, but what if ET hates tortilla chips?
There’s also the problem of knowing what to say. The 1974 Arecibo message was remarkable for the amount of information crammed into its 210 bytes. The transmission included the numbers one to ten, the atomic numbers of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and phosphorus (the components of DNA), the formula for the sugars and bases in DNA nucleotides and a graphic of the double helix structure as well as graphics of a human, the Solar System, and the Arecibo radio telescope itself.
This approach, Vakoch says, might not actually be that useful if we’re trying to start a conversation with ET. “If you try to send them everything in a very condensed message, you may end up getting nothing across,” says Vakoch. For METI International’s 2019 messages, Vakoch is planning on sending messages containing references to the periodic table. The idea being that certain elements, such as hydrogen, are abundant across the Universe so any receiving civilisation is likely to recognise a reference to the chemical signature of those elements.
Another important requirement is making sure that whoever is on the receiving end of the message knows what they’re tuning into, says Jacob Haqq-Misra, a researcher at the Blue Marble Space Institute of Science. “The basic idea is to define some sort of mathematical language,” he says. Initial messages might establish some basics. One is not equal to zero, but one is equal to one, for example. “And now we've established a common language, we can talk about physics with each other.”
In 2013, Haqq-Misra was involved in a short-lived project called Lone Signal that aimed to use a network of dishes to let people on Earth beam their own messages into space. The project, co-funded by the French cosmetics executive Pierre Fabre and the fashion photographer Greg Kadel fell apart after only transmitting for a short while.
“Their idea was you have this big celebrity launch party and it takes over the world,” Haqq-Misra says. “That was not what happened.” It costs thousands of dollars just to power a radio transmitter for a few hours, and Lone Signal just didn’t have the funds to make it happen. Not long after the glitzy launch party, the money ran out completely. The lack of funding into METI means that Haqq-Misra and many others like him now only dabble in METI alongside full time jobs, often elsewhere in research.
But for people like Haqq-Misra and Vakoch, the pull of METI remains palpable. While researchers are no closer to reaching a consensus on whether we should be messaging ET or not, Vakoch is already thinking about the messages he’ll be helping to send in 2019. The potentials gains from doing so, he says, are just too big to ignore. “This finally holds a mirror up to ourselves by another form of intelligence,” he says. “We just have an opportunity to reflect on ourselves differently.”
Want to know more about the future of space exploration?
This article is part of our WIRED on Space series. From the global fight over how we handle first contact with aliens to the endless search for dark matter and the inside story of China's top-secret space ambitions, we're taking an in-depth look at humanity's future amongst the stars.
I have previously reported that UFO sighting reports have been on a steep decline for three years. 2018 is continuing this steep dropoff.
I have previously reported that UFO sighting reports have been on a steep decline for three years. 2018 is continuing this steep dropoff.
Please note that I said “UFO sighting reports” and not sightings. I’ve been getting considerable mail that sightings are still up in North America and in Europe. It just seems that folks aren’t showing an enthusiasm for reporting their recent sightings. One UFO researcher commented, “We see so many, who has time to report them all!”
After my last report about the decline, I observed two things. One was a volume of mansplaining why this decline is occurring. The other was a host of copycat articles being posted, some with the most absurd numbers.
The numbers in this article are a snapshot as of Sept. 20. Keep in mind that people do report sightings years after the event. So a sample I take today might be off by 50 or 100 for a particular year, if I sample three to six months from now.
I’ve come to understand that the UFO sighting report databases are, in a sense, living documents and seem to have a creeping growth. If we were studying farm reports or the census from a particular year, the numbers, for the most part, are solid with a small margin of error. So please keep this in mind when I do a year-end report because the numbers may be slightly different.
Let’s look at an eight-year snapshot of National UFO Reporting Center data. Note that 2017 is displaying a seven-year low for UFO sighting reports. The decline from 2014 to 2015 was 1,788 reports. The decrease from 2015 to 2016 was 1,231 reports. Interestingly, the shrinkage from 2016 to 2017 was only 680 reports. Ordinarily, one might assume that the UFO sighting report deterioration might be leveling out to an average baseline.
Yet if we examine the first eight months of the past six years, including 2018, except for a spike in 2014, we generally see a steady downward trend. Where it will all settle out is anybody’s guess.
But let’s consider some of the possible reasons that have been offered by many readers. Some blamed the announcement of Space Force; sorry, the declines in reports started four years before the announcement.
Others blamed too many people with their heads down and focused on their pads and phones. Maybe.
Quite a few people suggested that the ETs may have run out of interest (or perhaps galactic grant funding) to continue their studies here on Earth. Still others expressed boredom with reporting UFO sightings, especially since Disclosure seems to be stalled. The mood was “Why bother?”
Some suggested that there’s a general apathy in the country given our chaotic political situation. Finally, there are many who wonder if the falloff in UFO sighting reports is the calm before a storm. Who knows?
ON THE ROAD
Michigan UFO Con-Tact. Sept 20-21
CNY UFO Club. Sept. 29, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Jamesville-Dewitt Community Library, 5110 Jamesville Road, Jamesville, New York
Greater New England UFO Conference. Oct. 4-5
UFO MEGA CON. March 24-30. Laughlin, Nevada
Ozark Mountains UFO Conference. April 12-14. Eureka Springs, Arkansas
Pine Bush UFO Festival. May 18. Pine Bush, New York
Sightings of unidentified flying objects have declined worldwide. This news, reported last week by The Guardian newspaper, should alarm and sadden anyone who has ever gazed in wonder at the sky above.
Two major websites for UFO reports — the National UFO Reporting Center and the Mutual UFO Network — have both registered a steep drop in global sightings. The decline began in 2014, a peak year for UFOs, and by last year the total number of sightings had reached just 55 per cent of the 2014 tally.
The Guardian quotes several academics as to why this is happening, with various theories advanced. But the author of the piece, Philip Jaekl, reports the shocking truth out there may be that “more people don’t care anymore” about UFOs.
“As we are accustomed to being inundated with wild claims churned out by politicians, media and advertisers, the next report of a UFO is no more believed than the long-range weather forecast,” he writes.
If UFOs really are going the way of the dodo bird, I blame the movies.
The rocket ships on sci-fi screens today are simply boring, whether they are piloted by earthlings or space aliens. These creations by model makers and special-effects wizards fail to excite the eye and mind, and hence the imagination that would lead us to see wonderful strange things in the sky.
Consider the interstellar vehicles of the bug-faced invaders in The Predator, currently in theatres. They resemble flying Xbox game controllers — hardly something to set the pulse racing, unless you’re a 12-year-old gamer.
The ungainly extraterrestrial craft in last year’s Alien: Covenant resembled a giant flying shrimp. It was built by a race called the Engineers, who certainly weren’t artists. The human spacecraft in the film weren’t any prettier, just flying boxes with protruding gizmos.
Don’t get me started on the spaceships of Solo: A Star Wars Story, this year’s underachieving instalment of the never-ending intergalactic soap opera. It’s heretical to say, I know, but I’m not a huge fan of Han Solo’s Millennium Falcon, which looks as if it was built out of Lego — and there actually is a Lego version of it. Any attachment I have to the Millennium Falcon is entirely nostalgic, not aesthetic.
Remember when humans and aliens used to take pride in the design of their spaceships?
I’m thinking about the flying saucer in The Day the Earth Stood Still, the 1951 classic. It had the archetypal UFO: a sleek silver machine of sculpted curves, built to inspire awe wherever it flew, and not just because it was from another planet.
The saucer was matched with a killer robot, a behemoth named Gort who was so beautifully crafted — there was nary a bolt or rivet to be seen — that you could almost forget that he came here to kill us all.
Gort was almost as cool as the Maschinenmensch, the female robot in Fritz Lang’s 1927 sci-fi epic Metropolis that, not so incidentally, inspired the design of C-3PO in the Star Warsfranchise.
Lang also had great taste in spacecraft design. Check out his beautiful rocket to the moon in Frau im Mond (Woman in the Moon), his 1929 sci-fi melodrama. This silent film offered a remarkably prescient view of how a real lunar mission would work, including the idea of multiple rocket stages.
A big part of the blame for the slump in good rocket design is that reality caught up with fantasy for sci-fi writers and filmmakers. There’s no atmosphere in deep space, so you don’t have to worry about friction. You can make spacecraft as lumpy and misshapen as you wish, and many science fiction designers have taken that science fact to heart.
The Lunar Module (LM) used for the Apollo missions was a real ugly duckling. In mechanical terms, it was crafted like a Swarovski crystal; in physical terms, it was as unprepossessing as a tin garden shed.
The Volkswagen company made note of this fact in a 1969 advertisement that ran after that year’s Apollo 11 lunar landing: “It’s ugly, but it gets you there,” ran the adline, equating the LM to Volkswagen’s utilitarian Beetle, which actually is a beautifully designed vehicle.
But Stanley Kubrick didn’t let reality get in the way of great design when he depicted a lunar visit in 2001: A Space Odyssey, which came out a year before Apollo 11. The Aries moon lander in the film is similar to Apollo’s LM, except it’s a gorgeous orb that refuses to put utility ahead of beauty.
Kubrick believed in UFOs. When he looked to the sky, as might we all, he expected to see wonderful machines, not flying scrap heaps. Otherwise, what’s the point of even looking up?
Peter Howell is the Star’s movie critic based in Toronto. Follow him on Twitter: @peterhowellfilm
In an age of wild claims churned out by politicians, media and advertisers, perhaps people don’t care as much any more
This month, the two major online sites for reporting UFOs – the National UFO Reporting Center and the Mutual UFO Network – both documented steep drops in worldwide sightings. The declines started around 2014, when reports were at a peak. They have since reduced drastically to 55% of that year’s combined total, many UFO interest groups have folded, and numerous previously classified government documents have been disclosed.
Do these declines reveal that UFO interest is becoming a blip on the human cultural radar? Perhaps UFO and alien lore is seeming more like a reflection of human culture, tied to the space age, motivated by conquering new existential frontiers.
It might not be a coincidence that the term UFO (unidentified flying object) and some of the phenomena that surrounds it – abductions and impossible technologies – are relatively recent. Before the 1940s, reports of sightings of objects in the sky were extremely rare. Centuries of recorded history give no clear indication of any such activity. Then, at the predawn of the space-age, around the time of the Roswell conspiracy, UFO culture was born, giving rise to everything from Space Invaders to The X-Files.
Possible answers as to why sightings are decreasing are varied. A key factor, however, may be that more people simply don’t care any more. As we are accustomed to being inundated with wild claims churned out by politicians, media and advertisers, the next report of a UFO is no more believed than the long-range weather forecast.
Before home video, photographs were the staple of UFO evidence. Video evidence, during the height of the 1990s UFO mania, was regarded by many as even more substantial. Amateur footage of glowing objects in the sky, as mysterious as they seemed real, made the cut for appearing on television – they were meant to be taken seriously and they fed an audience hungry for amazement, helped by a healthy dose of conspiracy theorising.
According to the cultural historian Stuart Walton, “Belief in UFOs is definitely in a state of decline, along with much else that could be classed as paranormal. Part of the reason is that the technology for providing documentary evidence of such matters is now widely available to everybody with a smartphone, and such purported evidence as there is on YouTube looks extremely threadbare.”
He adds: “It isn't so much that belief can exist without proof; it's that it must emphatically avoid proof to remain belief. We are in the process, paradoxically, of proving a negative hypothesis with UFOs: there never was any such thing.”
Indeed, indisputable evidence of intelligent life coming to Earth could be the greatest news of all time. Yet, after thousands of anecdotal, photo, and video reports have accrued over decades, what are we to conclude? With the greatest balance of scepticism and “wanting to believe”, all that can confidently be asserted is that some objects, appearing in the sky on film or video, seem unidentifiable.
Furthermore, government disclosure of its own video footage isn’t helping to maintain belief. Joseph Baker, sociology professor at Tennessee State University, says: “It’s actually better for UFOs when ufologists can claim that ‘the powers that be know everything and are hiding it from us’ rather than seeing that the government appears to have basically the same info about UFOs as the public: namely grainy, inconclusive visual evidence.”
Perhaps though, the declines in reported sightings may signify only an end to current trends in ufology. After all, from the 1940s aliens were originally characterised as saviours who could help humans transcend the cold-war paranoia of nuclear annihilation; especially marked at the time, after two world wars. But after events like Watergate and the Vietnam war fuelled distrust in government, UFOs came to be viewed more as a possible threat, and some came to believe their existence was verified in secret military documents.
Sharon Hill, a researcher on the paranormal and pseudoscience, says: “The ideas about UFOs and aliens continue to evolve as we project our social and cultural ideas on them. Since we have no single easy explanation for all these claims regarding the decline in sightings, the future vision of ufology seems rather open-ended. I don't think it's dead, just changing.”
UFO Case: Japanese Airlines JAL1628 (November 17, 1986)
UFO Case: Japanese Airlines JAL1628 (November 17, 1986)
17 YEARS after being told the documents relating to this event were destroyed — I finally found them!
by John Greenewald, Jr.
The following is a description of the event, as archived by Wikipedia, to give a bit of background the case:
Japan Air Lines flight 1628 was a UFO incident that occurred on November 17, 1986 involving a Japanese Boeing 747-200F cargo aircraft. The aircraft was en route from Paris to Narita International Airport, near Tokyo, with a cargo of Beaujolais wine. On the Reykjavík to Anchorage section of the flight, at 17:11 over eastern Alaska, the crew first witnessed two unidentified objects to their left. These abruptly rose from below and closed in to escort their aircraft. Each had two rectangular arrays of what appeared to be glowing nozzles or thrusters, though their bodies remained obscured by darkness. When closest, the aircraft’s cabin was lit up and the captain could feel their heat on his face. These two craft departed before a third, much larger disk-shaped object started trailing them. Anchorage Air Traffic Control obliged and requested an oncoming United Airlines flight to confirm the unidentified traffic, but when it and a military craft sighted JAL 1628 at about 17:51, no other craft could be distinguished. The sighting lasted 50 minutes.
I first filed a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for documents from the FAA back in 2001. Throughout the processing, they determined that I was a “commercial” requester, and they were going to charge me excessive fees for the search and duplication of responsive records, which totaled a little more than 100 pages. This was one of hundreds of examples of game play by our U.S. Government and Military agencies while processing my FOIA requests. When you file, you fit into one of three “fee categories.” The basic definition of categories is commercial, non-commercial, or all other.
What you pay for the request and records is dependent on which category you fit into. Commercial is the most expensive, wherein you pay for everything; search, document review and duplication. Their search fees can range from $45-$85 an hour, so if they want to send you a large bill, they certainly can! After a telephone conversation with Jean Mahoney on June 5, 2001, I was told I could withdraw my request and the documents would be sent to me free of charge. Although I do not have record of it since it was sent on a crashed computer which lost its data, I know I sent an email withdrawing my request in hopes to receive the package.
The package never came. Unfortunately, I received a letter in the mail that stated:
“On June 5, 2001, I contacted you to by telephone and discussed the fees for search, review, and duplication of documents pertaining to your May 9, 2001, request for UFO sightings in or around Alaska between 1981 and 1988. We have determined that you would be considered a commercial requester and would be charged for all search, review, and duplication of the records. I advised you that approximately 107 pages of documents could be made available to you outside of the FOlA without fees. These documents do not include radar tracking data and simulated radar data for JL1628. It was agreed that you would withdraw your request by either fax (907-271-2800) or E-Mail (jean.Mahoney@faa.gov) and l would forward the 107 pages to you on receipt of your withdrawal.
As of this date, I have not received your withdrawal. If I have not heard from you by July 12, 2001, we will consider your request cancelled. In addition, all documents pertaining to this UFO citing [sic] will be destroyed in 30 days from the date of this letter.”
This is the letter in 2009, reiterating their 2001 destruction of documents.
Due to irrelevant circumstances, I did not read this letter until the thirty day deadline had come and gone. Of course, I feared the worst; that the documents were destroyed. They were — each page according to them. In a later request in 2009, when I attempted to rekindle the search for records, I was told again, that the records were destroyed. I have told this story many times, as this is a really unfortunate state of events that resulted in the loss of valuable history.
Fast forward more than 17 years after my initial request. I believe I found the records. I discovered them in Record Group 237: Records of the Federal Aviation Administration, 1922 – 2008.Holding National Archives Identifier number 733667, and local identifier number 1203, I found more than 1,500 pages regarding the JAL1628 UFO encounter. I believe, but this is only a guess as of the writing of this article, that the FAA must have transferred a copy to the National Archives, but either did not keep a record of the transfer (which they should have) or they attempted to mislead me that the records had been destroyed, when in fact, they were not. Plus, this is more than 1,400 pages than the FAA’s original estimate, and more than 1,200 pages archived by NICAP’s original JAL1628 files.
I believe based on the folder they were discovered in, the time frame of the documents and the contents within, the below contain the records I sought in 2001, but was told they were destroyed.
In a bizarre twist to this story, I offer you the complete set of 1,569 pages, titled by their official file designation headers, listed in the order they were found.
The following records were scanned at a very high resolution size for clarity.
Open Minds UFO Radio: Chase Kloetzke is the Director of Investigations for the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), the largest civilian UFO investigation organization. Chase is in charge of trained field investigators throughout the United States and a several other countries. As of June 30, 2018, MUFON has already received over 3600 reports. Chase was a Master Trainer/Master Instructor with the Department of Defense, has a Bio-mechanical Engineering accreditation, has received certification as a Private investigator, certified in international forensic and evidence collection and holds a Certified Professional Evidence Specialist (CPES) certification with the International Association for Property and Evidence, Inc. She uses her skills to ensure MUFON investigations adhere to professional law enforcement and scientific standards.
In this interview we discuss Chase’s approach to UFO investigations, recently becoming a certified lobbyist, and a unique opportunity she will soon have briefing lawmakers on the serious study of UFOs using recent findings.
During the Korean War, many UFO sightings were reported.
In May 1951, one year into the Korean War, PFC Francis P. Wall and his regiment found themselves stationed near Chorwon, about 60 miles north of Seoul. As they were preparing to bombard a nearby village with artillery, all of a sudden, the soldiers saw a strange sight up in the hills—like “a jack-o-lantern come wafting down across the mountain.”
What happened after—the pulsing, “attacking” light, the lingering debilitating symptoms—would mystify many for decades to come.
As the GIs watched, the craft made its way down into the village, where the artillery air bursts were starting to explode. “We further noticed that this object would get right into...the center of an airburst of artillery and yet remain unharmed,” Wall later told John P. Timmerman of the Center for UFO Studies in a 1987 interview. Suddenly, the object turned, Wall said. And whereas at first, it had glowed orange, now it was a pulsating blue-green brilliant light. He asked his company commander for permission to fire at the object with armor-piercing bullets from an M-I rifle. As the bullets hit the body of the craft, he recalled, they made a metallic “ding.” The object started behaving still more erratically, shunting from side to side as its lights flashed on and off.
Wall’s recollections of what happened next are stranger still. “We were attacked,” he said, “swept by some form of a ray that was emitted in pulses, in waves that you could visually see only when it was aiming directly at you. That is to say, like a searchlight sweeps around and the segments of light...you would see it coming at you.”
He remembered a burning, tingling sensation sweeping over his body, as if he were being penetrated. The men rushed into underground bunkers and peeped through the windows, watching as the craft hovered above them and then shot off, at a 45-degree angle. “It's that quick,” he said. “It was there and was gone.”
Three days after the incident, the entire company of men was evacuated by ambulance, with special roads cut to haul out those too weak to walk. When they finally received medical treatment, they were found to have dysentery and an extremely high white- blood- cell count. “To me,” says Richard F. Haines, a UFO researcher and former NASA scientist, “they had symptoms that sounded like the effects of radiation.”
Was it an experimental new Soviet weapon?
In the wake of the Korean War, which ended in July 1953, dozens of men have reported seeing similar unidentified flying objects over the course of the 37-month conflict. The craft often resembled flying saucers. According to unofficial reports, as many as 42 were corroborated by additional witness reports—an average of more than one a month in just over three years.
At first, according to Korean war historian Paul M. Edwards, many researchers believed that the sightings were Soviet experiments, based on German technology and foreign research in anti-gravity. “These were supposedly so large they could carry 50 tons of weight and were powered by electromagnetic propulsion,” he writes in Unusual Footnotes to the Korean War. “What was being sighted, it was suggested, were discs the Russians were testing over the Korean skies.” But in the years since the fall of the Soviet UnionIron Curtain came down, a number of Soviet reports of sighting UFOs over Korea have trickled in, discrediting these theories.
Why were there so many UFO sightings throughout the Korean war? Were they the product of thousands of exhausted men under incredible stress—or a sign of something more mysterious? From 1952 until 1986, the United States Air Force ran Project Blue Book, a systematic study into unidentified flying objects and their potential threat to national security. When it was shuttered, in December 1969, the Air Force announced they had found nothing of note, and terminated all activity under the auspices of the study.
But many believe that the project ended abortively, and that there was more work to be done—leading to similar interviews with witnesses and other investigations being done by dozens of volunteers for decades after the project ended. Haines is one of them. He describes himself as a scientist with an open mind, rather than someone with something to prove. “I don't believe in them, I don't not believe in them,” he says. “I'm trying to let the data convince me one way or the other, which is the scientific approach.” But, he says, it’s striking how many accounts there are of similar sightings in the Korean War and other conflicts.
In the early years of the Cold War, it was often theorized that these crafts might be Soviet or Chinese vessels, with technology unknown to American troops. Haines believes this theory has been conclusively disproved.
“If they were,” he says, “they would have been building those crafts for use in later wars like the Vietnam War, for instance.” The Soviet UFO sightings Edwards describes make it similarly unlikely—as do the impossibly high-tech specifications of some of the sightings. In Wall’s case, for instance, he described a kind of force field taking effect a while after he began shooting, where his bullets simply ricocheted away from the craft.
Haines, for his part, believes the rash of sightings across the Korean war might suggest that something in the universe is especially interested in how human beings behave in the throng of military action. “We tend to be very creative to fight a war,” Haines says, listing off the various sciences and technologies that might come into play in military action. “If you were interested in how another country or another race of people fought their wars, you’d want to collect information on that, wouldn’t you?” He trails off. “That’s one possible explanation. There may be others.”
But the vast majority of UFO sightings—as much as 80 percent—are later found to be totally ordinary phenomena, like clouds or human crafts, rather than anything otherworldly. In Wall’s case, precisely what he saw that day has never been conclusively proven or disproven. Without the testimony of other men in Wall’s regiment, it’s hard to ascertain whether they too had the same strange experience—, even if it can be corroborated that many did get very ill.
Why such long-lasting after-effects?
In the years following the war, Wall lost contact with many of the men in his regiment. After the experience, he remembered his company agreeing that they would not file a report, “because they'd lock every one of us up, and think we were crazy,” he told Timmerman. What made him choose to make a testimony, however, was the lasting after-effects of his illness, including permanent weight loss from 180 pounds to 138, stomach problems and periods of disorientation and memory loss after returning to the United States.
He retired in 1969, at the age of just 42, his daughter Renae Denny says, and spent 30 years out of work, struggling with the after-effects of the war. “Back then they didn’t know the name of it, but I guess you could say it was a form of PTSD,” she says. Over the years, he would tell and retell the tale of his strange UFO sighting. “The story was always the same,” says Denny. “It never changed through the years.” But there was other fallout: He was especially affected by the sounds of airplanes and once knocked his mother and sister to the ground after mistaking them for enemy troops. “I guess he would have flashbacks,” she says.
Wall’s recollections of the UFO sighting were consistent and acute. But whether what he remembered actually happened is harder to prove. Fighting conditions were almost intolerably stressful, and it’s entirely possible that he may have experienced some kind of hallucination, brought on by the terror of the situation, where he regularly feared for his life. It might also have been a moment of feverish delirium: Even the raised white-blood cell count that surprised army doctors, and Haines, is consistent with many of the bacterial infections which might also cause severe dysentery—as are hallucinations. In a later interview with Haines, Wall described how he had discussed what he saw with some 25 other men—but none ever came forward or could later be traced.
In 2002, British researchers demonstrated a link between UFO sightings and Cold War hysteria—and pointed out how the number of sightings had nosedived as radar improved. “That cannot be a coincidence,” David Clarke told the Guardian. “Those early confirmations were just a product of a primitive radar system.” The flurry of UFO sightings Haines describes may have been the dual effect of these two threats: a potentially world-destroying war on the horizon, and the incredible pressure of being in the military.
Wall had experiences in those years in Korea that would scar him until his death in 1999. One night, Denny says, he managed to make his way through a pitch-dark minefield, praying for his life as he went. Others who made the same journey were not so fortunate. “When he went in [to the war],” she says, “he was happy-go-lucky, just a totally different person to when he came out.”
Whether the UFO sightings that Wall and so many other men reported were a product of this personality-altering trauma, or the effects of something requiring much greater investigation, remains a mystery.
UFO researchers and UFO and Close Encounters of the Third Kind enthusiasts gathered in Hulett, Wyoming for the Devils Tower UFO Rendezvous last weekend. Held near the iconic natural phenomenon made famous from the Steven Spielberg movie, lectures discussed UFO research and the latest UFO news. OpenMinds.tv interviewed several of the speakers on their thoughts on the Close Encounters movie.
The legend of the utsuro-bune is still disputed. Were the fishermen visited by a princess from a foreign land, a Russian spy or aliens?
NAGAHASHI MATAJIROU/WIKIMEDIA COMMONS
On Feb. 22, 1803, a strange boat washed ashore in Japan. It was something the fishermen there had never seen before — a disc-shaped vessel, with windows on top and metal bands below. Inside they found strange writing etched into the walls, unusual fabrics they likened to bedsheets or carpet, and a passenger, a young, beautiful woman clutching a square box. She had red hair and pale pink skin, and she wore fine clothes, also made from strange fabric.
She spoke an unfamiliar language and refused to reveal the contents of the box she held. Could she have been an alien of some kind? Did these humble Japanese fishermen witness a close encounter? The hosts of Stuff They Don't Want You To Know, Matt Frederick and Ben Bowlin, examine the evidence in the podcast Utsuro-Bune: Ancient Japanese UFOs.
The legend of the story is known as the utsuro-bune, or "hollow ship." The fishermen at the time theorized that the woman was a princess from a foreign land, exiled for a torrid affair with a peasant. Perhaps she carried the head of her deceased lover in the box, and protected it so carefully for that reason. Ultimately the fishermen decided to put her back in her ship and set her adrift to meet her destiny.
Over time, some have suggested the fishermen encountered an alien, not a woman. The boat obviously wasn't a UFO, because it didn't fly, but it could have been a USO, or unidentified submarine object. The most compelling evidence is the ship itself. In the texts describing the incident, the men likened the ship to a rice pot or an incense burner. The metal bands and hard glass windows were nothing the fishermen had seen before. And the writing on the ship has been compared to similar alien symbols found on the hulls of crafts from Roswell, New Mexicoand the Rendlesham Forest incident.
There are more plausible explanations behind the encounter, however. Others suggest the woman was Russian and coming to persuade the Japanese to trade with them — or even to spyon them. The incident occurred during the Edo period when Japan's borders were strictly controlled, and the country traded only with China and the Netherlands. That isolation could also account for why the ship looked so unfamiliar to the fishermen. Round ships were not uncommon at the time, but the metal and glass encasings were.
The simplest explanation is that a round log-boat was covered with a dome to make it more seaworthy. But what about the writing on the ship, and the mysterious box the young woman carried? Could there really have been more to the story than meets the eye? Listen to the podcast to see what Matt and Ben think and then decide for yourself.
Moon Is Stepping Stone, Not Alternative to Mars, NASA Says
Moon Is Stepping Stone, Not Alternative to Mars, NASA Says
By Mike Wall, Space.com Senior Writer
The moon has not superseded Mars as a human-spaceflight target, despite NASA's current focus on getting astronauts to Earth's nearest neighbor, agency officials stressed.
The Red Planet remains the ultimate destination, and the moon will serve as a stepping stone along the way, Jim Bridenstine, NASA administrator, and Bill Gerstenmaier, associate administrator of NASA's Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, said during congressional hearings yesterday (Sept. 26).
"The moon is the proving ground, and Mars is the goal," Bridenstine said during testimony before the Subcommittee on Space, Science and Competitiveness, part of the U.S. Senate's Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation. [How Will a Human Mars Base Work? NASA's Vision in Images]
"The glory of the moon is that it's only a three-day journey home," Bridenstine added. "So, we can prove all of the technologies, we can reduce all of the risks, we can try all of the different maturations that are necessary to live and work on another world. And we can do it all at the moon, where, if there is a problem, if there is an emergency, we know that we can get people home."
He cited NASA's Apollo 13 mission in 1970, which famously managed to make it safely back to Earth despite experiencing a serious problem on the way to the moon.
Far from delaying a crewed Mars mission, which NASA aims to execute in the 2030s, the current and near-future moon work should "accelerate our path to get to Mars," Bridenstine said.
This reassurance is in keeping with the language of Space Policy Directive 1(SPD 1), which has spurred much of the moon work. SPD 1, which President Donald Trump signed in December of 2017, instructs NASA to return astronauts to the moon as part of a sustainable exploration program that will eventually bring more-distant destinations, such as Mars, within reach.
And about the current moon work: NASA plans to begin building a small space station in lunar orbit in 2022. This outpost, called the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway, could be ready to accommodate astronauts by 2026, NASA officials have said.
These crewmembers will stay aboard the Gateway for 30- to 90-day stretches, conducting a variety of science and exploration work. Some of these astronauts will head from the Gateway down to the lunar surface; the first such sorties could occur before the end of the 2020s, according to NASA officials.
Gateway visits, both human and robotic, won't all be NASA endeavors if everything goes according to plan. The U.S. space agency aims to make the outpost "interoperable" and open to use by private companies and other nations.
Like Bridenstine, Gerstenmaier stressed that Mars remains firmly fixed in NASA's human-spaceflight sights.
"Mars is not [taking] a back seat to the moon. What we see is, we need to do the activities around the moon to really prepare us to go to Mars," Gerstenmaier said in his appearance before the Subcommittee on Space, which is part of the U.S. House of Representatives' Committee on Science, Space and Technology.
"I don't think we're ready to go to Mars directly today," he added. "I see the moon as an enabler for Mars."
Gerstenmaier touched on the enabling nature of Gateway technology, singling out one piece of complex hardware as an illustrative example.
"So, this Gateway spacecraft we talk about around the moon — it can be moved to different locations around the moon. It could also be the basis for a Mars spacecraft," he told the subcommittee members. "We're going to try to size that ascent vehicle that comes off the moon — it takes the crews from the surface of the moon to Gateway — that vehicle will be sized toward a Mars-class lander."
NASA Video Appears To Show A Gigantic Object Coming Out Of The Sun
NASA Video Appears To Show A Gigantic Object Coming Out Of The Sun
A NASA video shows a gigantic shape emerging from the sun. The event was spotted on helioviewer.org, a website launched by NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) to give regular people access to images and data from the sun. Archived images go back as far as 15 years.
The video clearly depicts a massive object exiting the sun and moving away quickly. It is shaped like a butterfly and manages to maintain a consistent structure as it moves away from the sun. Whilst some have speculated that it a normal solar ejection of some sort, such as a flare, it does not seem to match any known patterns consistent with a flare or any other usual solar activity.
Is our Sun a stargate?
The object is expansive, estimated to be as much as 100 times the size of Earth. The video has led some to suggest that the sun itself may, in fact, be a portal between dimensions and realities, or perhaps just our own reality and it acts as a “Stargate”. This idea was introduced by a man named Corey Goode. He claims to have been working on classified and secret space programs for many years, and that those programs have been in operation for even longer than his employment- such as the Warden Space Program thought to have begun in the 1980’s.
Darren Perks, an investigative researcher with Huffington post was informed by the Department of Defence that “Solar Warden” was indeed a program but had been shut down. Other theorists have pointed to the findings of Gary Mckinnon who gained access to Air Force Space Command and believes he read information suggesting an extraterrestrial presence in “Solar Warden”.
Whatever the explanation behind the strange butterfly emission is, the video itself is real. Perhaps in the future, more light will be shed on its origin and if it has any connection to alien life outside our solar system.
Just 2 minutes after the image was taken, Hayabusa2 deployed two tiny, hopping rovers called MINERVA-II1A and MINERVA-II1B toward Ryugu. The little robots stuck their landings in a historic first and are currently exploring the space rock, gathering a variety of data. (Several other spacecraft have touched down softly on an asteroid, but none have been rovers deployed from a mothership like Hayabusa2.)
Another landing will come next week, if all goes according to plan. On Oct. 3, Hayabusa2 is scheduled to deploy a shoebox-size lander named MASCOT, which was built by the German space agency, DLR, in collaboration with the French space agency, CNES.
Like MINERVA-II1A and MINERVA-II1B, MASCOT will move by hopping rather than rolling, which is a good thing, given the roughness of Ryugu's surface, and the asteroid's low gravity, which makes traditional roving a nonstarter. Wheeled vehicles would float away from the rock as soon as they started rolling, Hayabusa2 team members have said.
The $150 million Hayabusa2 mission launched in December 2014 and arrived in orbit around Ryugu in late June of this year. The orbiter also carries another bantam hopper known as MINERVA-II2, an "optional" rover that might be deployed sometime next year. And the mothership will drop down to the surface itself in 2019, snagging samples that will come to Earth in a return capsule in December 2020.
The various data gathered at Ryugu, and analyses of the returned sample, should help researchers better understand the early solar system and the role that carbon-rich rocks like Ryugu may have played in helping life get started on Earth, mission officials have said.
NASA has its own asteroid-sampling mission underway, with many of the same goals. The OSIRIS-REx spacecraft is scheduled to arrive in orbit around the near-Earth asteroid Bennu on Dec. 31 and return samples of the rock to Earth in September of 2023.
And about all those acronyms: MINERVA stands for "Micro Nano Experimental Robot Vehicle for Asteroid"; MASCOT for "Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout"; and OSIRIS-REx for "Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer."
This spectacular photo shows the view from asteroid Ryugu from the Minerva-II1A rover during a hop after it successfully landed on Sept. 21, 2018. The probe is one of two that landed on Ryugu from the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency's Hayabusa2 spacecraft. It's the first time two mobile rovers landed on an asteroid.
Credit: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
The MINERVA-II1B rover captured this view of asteroid Ryugu on Sept. 21, 2018 shortly after separating from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's Hayabusa2 spacecraft. The asteroid appears at lower right.
Mysterious Cosmic Rays Shooting from the Ground in Antarctica Could Break Physics
NASA went searching for micro black holes in Antarctica. Instead, it detected cosmic rays shooting from the ground and some physicists think it could be evidence of a supersymmetric particle.
There’s something strange happening beneath the surface of Antarctica and it’s got nothing to do with Nazi UFOs. Rather, researchers are arguing that a decade-old experiment may have furnished the first evidence of a new type of particle that has evaded detection by some of the most sophisticated particle accelerators for years. If they turn out to be correct, it would change physics as we know it.
In 2006, NASA-affiliated researchers launched Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA), a balloon experiment meant to observe high energy particles that shower the Earth from space, also known as cosmic rays. During ANITA’s flight, however, its instruments observed something that physicists couldn’t explain. In addition to detecting cosmic rays from space, ANITA also detected cosmic rays shooting fromthe ground as the high altitude balloon drifted over the Antarctic ice sheet.
Physicists have long known that high energy particles can penetrate deep into Earth, but none of the particles predicted by the Standard Model—the most accurate model of physics that has ever existed—should be able to pass all the way through the planet.
On Tuesday, a group of researchers led by the Pennsylvania State University physicist Derek Fox posted a new theory of these upward-shooting cosmic rays to arXivthat suggests they could be evidence of a particle that lies beyond the Standard Model. If Fox and his colleagues are correct, it would be the first evidence of a particle beyond the Standard Model of physics, the most accurate description of the universe humans have ever known.
The first ANITA mission launched from the McMurdo base in Antarctica in December 2006. The experiment flew to an altitude of about 120,000 feet where it spent a month drifting over Antarctica. It was equipped with sensors designed to detect pulses of radiation produced when ultra high energy neutrinos—a nearly massless particle with no electric charge—interact with the Antarctic ice sheet.
In the early 60s, the Soviet physicist Gurgen Askaryan theorized that when a high energy particle interacted with a dense dielectric medium—a type of insulating material that doesn’t conduct electricity—it would produce a shower of secondary charged particles whose radiation can be detected by standard radio antennas. This interaction, now known as the Askaryan effect, allows physicists to detect particles that hardly interact with normal matter (like neutrinos) by observing their secondary effects.
The goal of the ANITA mission was to use an array of antennas to detect the Askaryan radiation produced from high energy neutrinos interacting with the Antarctic ice sheet. Unlike photons, neutrinos don’t lose their energy as they propagate through the universe. This means that they can carry information from beyond the photon horizon (the limit that photon sources are still detectable from Earth) and provide a window onto the farthest reaches of the universe.
The first ANITA mission detected two “upward-pointing cosmic ray-like events” during its month-long sojourn above Antarctica. Unlike the cosmic rays that come from space and are reflected off the Antarctic ice sheet, which produce vertically polarized pulses of radiation, the two anomalous cosmic rays had nearly horizontal planes of polarization. This suggested that they either didn’t originate in space—or if they did, the radiation was produced by particles that had traveled all the way through Earth. In either case, this type of cosmic ray had never been observed before.
A second mission ANITA mission in 2009 as well as a third mission in 2014 detected another strange upward-pointing cosmic ray. The source of these cosmic rays remain a mystery, but a number of theories have been proposed. Some physicists think these upward-pointing cosmic rays are evidence of the decay of dark matter that exists in the Earth’s interior. Others have suggested that these cosmic rays can be explained with sterile neutrinos, a type of high energy particle that hardly ever interacts with ordinary matter.
At first, physicists attempted to explain these strange events as the result of a type of particle called a tau-neutrino decaying as it passed through Earth. This would produce an elementary charged particle called a tau-lepton, which would produce the type of signature observed by the ANITA balloons.
There was just one problem. ANITA observed the particles coming in at extreme angles—27 degrees and 35 degrees—that aren’t permitted within the Standard Model of physics. This suggested that either the Standard Model would have to undergo “significant” revisions to account for the observation—or, as Derek Fox and his colleagues recently suggested, ANITA may have observed the first evidence of a supersymmetric particle.
A penguin in Antarctica.
Image: Daniel Oberhaus
What is Beyond the Standard Model of Physics?
The Standard Model of physics was cobbled together over the course of the past century and currently serves as the most accurate model of the physical universe ever created. It describes most of the fundamental forces and classifies elementary particles.
Although the Standard Model has proven remarkably successful for making experimental predictions over the last few decades, it’s not able to explain everything. Some phenomena, such as gravity, the accelerating expansion of the universe, and neutrino oscillations are not incorporated in the model.
These deficiencies in the model have led some physicist to begin thinking about physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM). You may have heard of some of these exotic theories, such as string theory or M-theory, but so far there isn’t much evidence to support one theoretical version of BSM physics over another.
Inflating the balloon for the first ANITA mission in 2006.
According to the paper posted to arXiv this week, however, there are strong reasons to believe that the anomalous cosmic rays seen by ANITA could be evidence of a BSM particle.
This theory relies on a version of BSM physics called supersymmetry. Unlike string theory, which is a so-called “theory of everything” that overhauls the Standard Model, supersymmetry merely extends the Standard Model by adding a new class of massive particles into the mix.
“We argue that if the ANITA events are correctly interpreted then they require some beyond the Standard Model particle,” Fox told me on the phone. “The likely properties of the particle seem consistent in at least some ways with the predicted properties of the stau in some supersymmetric models.”
In supersymmetry, each of the elementary particles in the Standard Model has a heavier “superpartner.” Thus, leptons are matched with sleptons, electrons with selectrons, quarks with squarks, and so on. None of these theoretical supersymmetric particles, or sparticles, have been produced in a lab so far, which may be because the particles require too much energy to be made by contemporary particle accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider. Thus some physicists hope to detect them by looking to astrophysical sources, which can produce the requisite amounts of energy to produce these more massive particles.
In the case of the upward-pointing cosmic rays, Fox and his colleagues argue that they are consistent with some of the predicted characteristics of the “stau,” the supersymmetric partner of the tau, which cannot be explained using the Standard Model of physics. The supersymmetric models predict that as a stau passes through Earth from space, it decays into a tau lepton and an as yet undetected lowest-mass supersymmetric particle before emerging on the other side of Earth—where the tau lepton could be registered by instruments like ANITA.
To arrive at this conclusion, Fox and his colleagues first demonstrated that the events observed by ANITA are not interpretable within the Standard Model. In the first place, the trajectories of the particles are “highly improbable” under the Standard Model. As Fox and his colleagues argue, to produce these trajectories using the Standard Model would require neutrino fluxes, or the number of neutrinos hitting a certain area in a certain amount of time, “well in excess” of those that have been cataloged by various cosmic ray observatories. Furthermore, they argued that the steepness of the angles of the cosmic rays are also highly improbable within the Standard Model.
A penguin colony in Antarctica.
Image: Daniel Oberhaus
Earlier this year, a team of researchers from Ohio State University’s Center for Cosmology and Astrophysics posted a paper to arxiv in which they detailed simulations of staus passing through the Earth to see if they would produce the same sort of signatures observed by ANITA when emerging on the other side. In particular, the researchers were interested in seeing whether simulations of high energy neutrinos interacting with nuclei in the Earth to create staus would reproduce the steep-angled particle trajectories detected by ANITA.
“Any proposed model for new physics would need to explain why such steep events are observed in the absence of a larger number of events near the horizon, and this turns out to be quite difficult to do,” Amy Connolly, the physicist at Ohio State University who led the research, told me in an email. “Our simulations found that even ultra-high energy neutrinos capable of propagating 10,000 km through the earth still do not give a preference for steep events. You still would expect even more such events from near the horizon.”
Nevertheless, Connolly and her colleagues argued that searching for staus with ANITA is a promising new research direction, but she cautioned against jumping to conclusions about the significance of the anomalous events seen by ANITA.
“Anytime an experiment has observed only two events of interest, there is a possibility that as more data is taken, the anomalous events may be found to be a background not previously anticipated,” Connolly told me. “Although it is exciting that ANITA can be sensitive to beyond the Standard Model physics, we must exercise caution and carry on assuming that the most likely possibility is that these events are an as yet unexplained background.”
This was a conclusion echoed by Fox, who said that it is difficult to make strong claims about anomalous events based on data from only one location. If what ANITA detected was actually evidence of a supersymmetric particle, researchers would expect to see similar signatures at other neutrino laboratories. Fox said this is why most physicists were hesitant to make any claims about the anomalous events when they were first published in 2016.
Image: Daniel Oberhaus
“If it was confirmed that this was evidence of a beyond the Standard Model particle then there would’ve been a lot of physicists working through the consequences right away,” Fox said. “That’s not what happened. It doesn’t feel right for a lot of people and some of them prefer to be more conservative and wait for confirmation from other facilities.”
Fox and his colleagues took the first step in this direction by examining observations from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in the Arctic to see if similar phenomena was hidden among the available observational data. After adjusting for differences in the IceCube detection system and ANITA, Fox and his colleagues identified three distinct events among the data that were analogous to the upward-pointing cosmic rays observed in Antarctica.
For now, Fox and his colleagues’ theory is just one interpretation of the ANITA data among many, and more data analysis needs to be done. The researchers are hopeful that the data from the fourth and latest ANITA mission, which launched in 2016 and is now in its data analysis phase, might reveal more examples of these upward-pointing cosmic rays.
Even more tantalizing is the data from a decade of continuous observations at IceCube, which has registered far more neutrino events than all the ANITA observations combined and thus may have several upward-pointing cosmic ray events hidden among the data.
“The stau is a particle that physicists have been searching for since they first turned on the Large Hadron Collider,” Fox said. “ They’ve been looking for it, but they just haven’t seen it. What makes this so exciting is that it potentially forges a direct connection between cosmic rays and the LHC.”
In 2010 a rash of UFO sightings across Somerset County, New Jersey swamped 911 and mystified locals. The incident remained mysterious for years—another unexplained mass sighting atop the pile of anecdotal evidence cited in defense of the UFO worldview, in which extraterrestrial or extra dimensional craft visit the Earth, for reasons unknown (though people have a lot of theories). But, unlike so many sightings with presumably mundane explanations, the truth of the Somerset UFO has finally been revealed.
In a Reddit thread titled “8 Years ago I caused a UFO panic” a New Jersey resident described how he and a friend, on summer break from college and bored, crafted the UFO out of trash bags.
Inspired by a high school science class “Solar Balloon,” a trash bag balloon floats thanks to the sun warming the air inside the trash bag above the temperature of the ambient air, the duo had ambitions. They scoured area Walmarts and dollar stores for the thinnest black plastic trash bags they could find. “We took a number of them, cut off the bottom ends, and taped them together into a huge balloon which we filled up with a leaf blower,” the UFO designer described on Reddit.
The UFO seen over New Jersey, shortly after launch.
After half an hour, their first balloon began to float and was soon out of reach. They built another and “got funny looks from cars driving by,” until their second attempt was dashed against a tree.
It was only years later that the amateur hot air balloonist stumbled across an article by reporter Stephen Stirling, writing for NJ.com, and discovered their first effort, the runaway balloon, had caused the UFO flap.
“We didn’t mean to let it go,” the balloon’s creator, who prefers to remain anonymous, toldNewsweek. “This wasn’t intentional and we didn’t realize anything had even become of it until years later.”
If put to scrutiny, the vast majority of UFO sightings turn out to have mundane explanations. Even extraordinary cases, like the 2014 footage of a UFO filmed by the Chilean Navy, can be explained, in that case citizen investigators linked the UFO to local flight patterns. But various efforts to systematize UFO sightings—including the United States Air Force’s multi-decade program, Project Blue Book—can only begin to account for the idiosyncratic. Blue Book concluded the vast majority of sightings were aircraft, balloons or astronomical phenomena, such as the planet Venus. A further ten percent were deemed likely hoaxes or “crackpot” cases. Still, about 22% of sightings researched by Project Blue Book remain unidentified. How many of these can be pinned on the bored and the playful?
WETENSCHAP NASA’s zoektocht naar buitenaards leven beperkt zich in ons zonnestelsel vooral tot microben. Onder andere dankzij de satelliet Kepler en de HARPS-spectograaf werden de voorbije jaren echter duizenden nieuwe planeten ontdekt buiten ons zonnestelsel. De ruimtevaartorganisatie wil daarom dat er in de toekomst meer gezocht wordt naar intelligent buitenaards leven.
In april lanceerde NASA met TESS de krachtigste telescoop totnogtoe die zal worden ingeschakeld voor de zoektocht naar leefbare planeten buiten ons zonnestelsel. Ook voor de James Webb Space Telescope die in 2021 de Hubble moet vervangen zijn de verwachtingen hooggespannen. Daarnaast werkt ook het Europese agentschap ESA aan de nieuwe ruimtetelescoop CHEOPS en het ruimteobservatorium PLATO, Verwacht wordt dan ook dat het aantal nieuwe ontdekkingen nog verder in een stroomversnelling zal geraken.
Momenteel zijn er al 3.779 gekende planeten in ons heelal en de voorbije tien jaar werden nog duizenden andere kandidaten ontdekt. Het is dan ook een logische vraag of er op een van deze planeten (intelligent) leven bestaat.
NASA zal zich daarom in de toekomst concentreren op de speurtocht naar ‘technosignaturen’: signalen die het bewijs kunnen zijn van een geavanceerde buitenaardse samenleving. “Technosignaturen zoals bijvoorbeeld radio- of lasergolven, tekenen van massieve bouwwerken of een atmosfeer vol vervuilende chemicaliën kunnen wijzen op intelligent leven”, licht het agentschap toe in een mededeling.
Om de zoektocht naar technosignaturen op te drijven, organiseert NASA vanaf vandaag tot en met woensdag een Technosignatures Workshop in Houston. Daar worden de meest veelbelovende onderzoeksdomeinen in de kijker gezet en geven experts toelichting bij de zoektocht naar exoplaneten, artificiële radiosignalen en andere mogelijk aanwijzingen voor technologisch leven in het universum.
Thomas Zurbuchen, adjunct-bestuurder van NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, deelde gisteren via Twitter al mee verheugd te zijn over de nieuwe onderzoeksplannen van het agentschap.
I’m excited to announce that #NASA is taking the 1st steps to explore ways to search for life advanced enough to create technosignatures: signs or signals, which if observed, would let us infer the existence of technological life elsewhere in the universe: https://go.nasa.gov/2DvXIFN
WETENSCHAPVijftig jaar na de missie van Neil Armstrong en Buzz Aldrin keert NASA vanaf volgend jaar terug naar de maan. De bedoeling is deze keer een bemande kolonie op de maan te vestigen.
Uit plannen die de NASA presenteerde aan het Amerikaanse congres, blijkt dat de ruimtevaartorganisatie vanaf volgend jaar de eerste stappen gaat zetten voor het stichten van een maankolonie door voorraden te sturen. In 2020 vliegen er verkenningsrobots richting de maan, om te zoeken naar bruikbare grondstoffen en te beginnen met de kolonie. Vervolgens gaat het nieuwe ruimtestation The Gateway de ruimte in, dat als uitvalsbasis zal dienen. Rond 2030 kunnen mensen vervolgens landen op de maan.
Door het verblijf op de maan hoopt NASA te ontdekken of het voor mensen mogelijk is ver van de aarde te overleven. Daarmee kan het de eerste stap zijn voor bemande kolonies op Mars, een lang gekoesterde wens van onder anderen Elon Musk. NASA weet al wel dat de straling op de maan zo sterk is, dat er speciale kleding nodig is om er te kunnen overleven. Om die reden komen er nieuwe ruimtepakken die beschermen tegen die straling.7
De nieuwe missie naar de maan moet ook meer duidelijkheid brengen over de oorsprong en het functioneren van ons zonnestelsel. Armstrong en Aldrin liepen tijdens hun bezoek in 1969 slechts twee uur rond om een aantal metingen te doen en maanstenen te verzamelen. Ook de bezoeken in 1971 en 1972 waren slechts van korte duur. De nieuwe missie kan dus een pak nieuwe informatie opleveren.
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Zijn het aliens? Wetenschappers ontdekken meer mysterieuze radiosignalen uit ver sterrenstelsel
Zijn het aliens? Wetenschappers ontdekken meer mysterieuze radiosignalen uit ver sterrenstelsel
Al meer dan een decennium breken wetenschappers hun hoofd over krachtige flitsen uit de diepe ruimte.
Sommige wetenschappers denken dat deze snelle radioflitsen afkomstig zijn van natuurlijke bronnen, zoals neutronensterren of zwarte gaten.
Anderen denken dat het signalen zijn van buitenaardse beschavingen.
Wetenschappers die betrokken zijn bij een initiatief dat bekendstaat als Breakthrough Listen hebben onlangs tientallen nieuwe radioflitsen gedetecteerd.
Ze komen allemaal uit een sterrenstelsel op zo’n drie miljard lichtjaar van de aarde.
Deze radioflitsen maken deel uit van verborgen patronen in een grote zee van kosmische signalen die onze kant op komen.
Het onderzoek hiernaar zou uiteindelijk antwoord kunnen geven op de vraag of we al dan niet alleen zijn in het heelal.
Kunstmatige intelligentie moet gaan helpen om de verborgen patronen bloot te leggen.
“Het is een geweldige manier om nieuwe technieken te ontwikkelen die we uiteindelijk willen gaan gebruiken om andere soorten signalen te vinden die mogelijk afkomstig zijn van buitenaardse intelligentie,” zei Andrew Siemion van Breakthrough Listen.
In augustus vorig jaar ontdekte het team van Breakthrough Listen 21 snelle radioflitsen afkomstig van een bron die FRB 121102 is genoemd.
Nu blijkt dat tijdens waarnemingen nog eens 100 van deze flitsen zijn gedetecteerd.
Dichter bij huis
De technieken kunnen astronomen helpen om snelle radioflitsen dichter bij huis te vinden.
Die zouden we namelijk beter kunnen bekijken met behulp van optische en röntgentelescopen, aldus Avi Loeb van de Breakthrough Prize Foundation, waar Breakthrough Listen onder valt.
“We hebben nog steeds geen idee of de bron kunstmatig of natuurlijk is,” zei Loeb.
Eerder suggereerde hij dat snelle radioflitsen mogelijk afkomstig zijn van radiozenders, gemaakt door een hoogontwikkelde buitenaardse beschaving, of bewijs zijn van krachtige energiestralen die worden gebruikt om buitenaardse sterrenschepen aan te drijven.
Men wil kunstmatige intelligentie op den duur ook gaan gebruiken om te speuren naar enorme buitenaardse megastructuren in de ruimte.
History is an irresistible, inexorable force, moving on and plowing through time to leave many things simply buried in its wake even as it carves and barrels its way to the future. Of course there are the discoveries and artifacts from past times that we know of and which have helped to shape our vie of what the world was once like and how it developed. We know of the past through the various pieces of it we manage to dig up throughout the world, which illuminate history and allow us to cobble and piece together a cracked, often foggy window through which we can glimpse past events. However, sometimes a relic or artifact will emerge that shatters that window through time, sending spiderwebs of cracks through what we thought we could see and distorting our sense of what we think we know, something so jarringly out of place as to make us question even reality itself. Here are some of the strange objects from the depths of time that have been dug up only to remain anomalies stuck in some fringe realm of history like strange ancient insects in amber, and indeed by all rights should not even exist at all.
Probably the most widely known ancient technological anomaly was found quite by chance in 1900, when sponge divers off the remote coast of the Greek island of Antikythera found an ancient shipwreck that held ensconced within it a device from the far corners of history that would eventually go on to baffle the scientific world. At first the artifact looked to be merely a rusted out misshapen blob of bronze corroded and degraded over millennia banished under water, and it was placed in the National Museum of Archaeology in Athens along with other artifacts from the wreck, where it sat collecting dust for years before anyone would take another look at it, seemingly an unimportant, ugly mass of metal and rock at the time.
It was the archaeologist Valerios Stais who first realized that there was perhaps more to this strange lump of crud than met the eye, when he uncovered what appeared to be a whole gear wheel embedded within its mishmash. Stais surmised that this was perhaps part of some complex ancient machine, but at the time the scientific community was skeptical of this, and so the exciting discovery sat there without any further serious research for several more decades, a mere curious anomaly that no one could really make any sense of or was even willing to try. It would not be until the 1970s that another close look was taken at it, and what would come to be called the Antikythera Mechanism would finally have its ancient mysteries revealed after 2,000 years of being buried at the bottom of the sea.
A portion of the Antikythera Mechanism
In the 1970s, advanced imaging procedures allowed archeologists to peer into the device for the first time, and they were astounded by what they found. Rather than a solid clump of bronze and rock, it was found that there were dozens of complex gears, dials, and rotating hands embedded within, all precisely positioned into some sort of clockwork machine, with some marked with cryptic inscriptions. Over the years the complexity of this amazing machine was slowly revealed, and it quite frankly stumped the scientific community. Here was an ancient machine entwined with the mists of time, utilizing complicated, incredibly precise gear works far ahead of its time, with the earliest such machines of this quality previously thought to have emerged in around the 14th century. It was amazingly, impossibly advanced for its era, far beyond what was thought possible, and by all rights this thing should not have existed at all, but there it was.
At first it was unknown as to just what the purpose of the device could have possibly been, and it was often speculated at first to be some sort of navigational device. However, later research would show it to have most likely been a sort of early analog computer of sorts, in this case one for making precise astronomical calculations and mapping out the positions and movements of the sun, moon, planets, stars, as well as track the lunar phase and predict lunar and solar eclipses. Although there are parts still missing, reconstructions have shown that such is the amazing craftsmanship, sophistication, and ingenuity of the device that it was shockingly accurate, and could even compensate for the extra quarter-day in the astronomical year, long before the idea of a leap year had even been introduced into the mainstream Julian calendar. Considering that it is all still a mystery as to who built the machine, how it was made, or why it ended up on that unassuming ship, as well as the fact that nothing else remotely like it has been found from that era, the Antikythera Device is quite a perplexing anomaly indeed.
While the Antikythera Mechanism is the one of the most studied such historical oddity it is certainly not the strangest, and for that we have to take a look at some of the supposed discoveries of objects that physically should not exist at all. In June of 1936 there was a truly bizarre discovery made in London, Texas, in the United States, by a middle-aged couple who had been just out for a leisurely stroll near their home. During their walk, Max and Emma Hahn spotted something odd on the ground ahead of them and went to investigate what looked to be a rock with a piece of wood strangely protruding from it.
Curious as to why there should be this length of wood sticking out of a rock in the middle of nowhere, Max took it home and went about breaking the rock open. After breaking pieces of the rock away with a hammer and chisel, the couple were startled to see that the wood appeared to be the remnants of a handle of some sort of metal hammer head firmly encased within the rock. This is quite odd enough as it is, but it would get even stranger still when they took the unusual finding to a museum and the rock itself was found to be more than 400 million years old, and the head of the hammer itself was estimated at perhaps 500 million years old, with parts of its handle having supposedly begun to turn to coal over the eons as a testament to its vast age. Yet the object was obviously artificial, perfectly formed and the head possessing iron with a purity that could not occur in nature, unmistakably a hammer. How could this be?
The discovery was baffling, as of course there could not have been anyone around to fashion such a hammer so long ago, so was this the work of aliens, time travelers, or what? Creationists were certainly quick to jump on the discovery as well, and speculation soared. However, in the end although it is certainly odd, there is likely a more rational explanation. The problem is that the type of rock the hammer was found in, ancient limestone, is soft and could have been soluble and malleable enough to mold and form a concretion around the object over time under the right conditions, meaning a modern object such as a hammer could feasibly find its way into the midst of 400-million-year-old rock replete with fossils of long extinct organisms.
The London Hammer
Although this would be very rare and unusual, it still is seen as more probable than a modern human being losing a hammer hundreds of millions of years ago. In the end we will probably never know, as the so-called London Hammer has not since been studied and the hammer head itself has never been reliably carbon dated for its age, just the rock around it. Making answers all the more elusive is the fact that the mysterious hammer now resides at the Creation Evidence Museum, which is obviously run by creationists who don’t seem to want it examined any further, meaning we will likely never know what is going on here or even what truth any of it holds.
The London Hammer is reminiscent of other seemingly modern tools, parts, and equipment that have been anomalously found within stone or other materials that are often millions of years old. In 1820 some tools such as hammers and picks were found suspended in a layer of ancient limestone 50 feet below the ground at a stone quarry in Aix-en-Provence, France. Then, in 1852 a drill bit of all things was found ensconced within a solid chunk of coal that had been buried within a bed of ancient prehistoric clay and boulders in Scotland. There was no sign of any puncture in the coal or any indication as to how the drill bit could have been inserted within it, suggesting that it had been there when the coal formed, hundreds of millions of years ago.
More recently, in 1961 a group of friends in Olancha, California were looking for geodes when they found within one of them a modern spark of all things, and allegedly a geologist estimated the object as being 500,000 years old. In October of 1996 a group of researchers in the Kaluga region of western Russia located a screw complete with the fully formed head and nut embedded within rock that was found to be 300 to 350 million years old. Examination by various scientists showed that the object is most certainly artificial, but as to how it got into that rock no one knows.
The mysterious ancient spark plug
Some other anomalous ancient artifacts are a little harder to adequately classify, and defy easy categorization. In 1885, a strange object was found by an iron smelter at a foundry in Vocklabruck, Austria. There, within a block of solid coal, was discovered a perfectly-formed cuboid object of what seemed to be iron or some other type of metal, measuring 2.64 by 2.64 by 1.85 inches and weighing 1.73 pounds, its purpose unknown. The outlandish cube-like object was sent to the Salzburg Museum, where it was analyzed by the Austrian physicist Karl Gurls and found to be made not of iron, but rather of a strange alloy composing steel and nickel, although it would later be deemed to be actually made of a forged iron.
Further analysis showed that the object, whatever it was, was too precise in shape and made of too refined a metal to have been caused by any known naturally occurring phenomenon such as a meteorite strike, and was most likely machine-tooled and even probably just a part of a larger device or mechanism, although what type no one knows. What has come to be known as the Salzburg Cube or the Wolfsegg Iron has apparently been studied by scientists at the Geological Institute of Austria, who have also come to the conclusion that it seems to indeed be indeed artificial, and the object has even been featured in an 1886 edition of the scientific journal Nature, as well as an 1887 issue of the French journal L’Astronomie.
What was this strange object and how did it get within a chunk of coal dating to tens of millions of years ago? Was it truly a manufactured object, and if so what sort of enigmatic mechanism did it once belong to? It is difficult to tell for sure, as the Salzburg Cube has since disappeared completely, leaving only these vague 19th century reports behind. It might have been lost, misplaced, mislabeled, or filed away in some darkened backroom of a museum collection somewhere gathering dust, perhaps even stolen for unknown reasons. We only know for sure that it did exist, but without modern scientific analysis we will probably never know for sure what it was. Mysterious technology of the ancients, aliens in prehistory, time travelers, or unknown natural phenomena? Who knows?
Another truly bizarre historic discovery was made near Nampa, in Idaho, the United States in 1889 by workers who were in the process of digging a water well. The project necessitated drilling equipment, and at a depth of 300 feet under the earth a very strange object was spat forth from the steam pump of the machine, regurgitated up from the subterranean depths. There lying upon the ground was a miniature, brown figurine of some sort, which upon examination seemed to be made of some sort of clay. The figure had come up with a myriad of chunks and balls of the same material, and it was all coated with what was believed to be iron oxide. What was truly remarkable about the figurine was that it was a very skillfully carved likeness of what seemed to be a human woman, striking in its detail, including even faint markings that might be meant to represent clothing and jewelry. George Frederick Wright, a geologist at the Boston Society of Natural History, would later describe its discovery and the figure itself:
The record of the well shows that they had penetrated first about fifty feet of soil, then about fifteen feet of basalt, and afterwards passed through alternate beds of clay and quicksand, down to a depth of about three hundred feet when the sand pump began to bring up numerous clay balls, some of them more than two inches in diameter, densely coated with iron oxide. There is no ground to question the fact that this image came up in the sand pump from the depth reported. The object is about an inch and a half long, and remarkable for the perfection with which it represents the human form. It was a female figure, and had the lifelike lineaments in the parts which were finished that would do credit to the classic centers of art.
The Nampa Figurine
The thing is, how did it get into that strata deep down in the earth? The mysterious figurine was sent to be studied, and was found to have quartz grains that had been cemented by iron molecules, hinting at a vast age, and the rock where it was found was estimated to be around 2 million years old. This is obviously strange considering that this was the age of Homo habilis and Homo erectus, and these human ancestors at this point in time were not making detailed clay figurines, and even if they were why should it resemble in any way at all a modern human woman complete with clothing and jewelry? The so-called Nampa Figurine has of course been used to challenge current theories of human evolution and migration, with one researcher and author of The Hidden History of the Human Race, Michael Cemo, writing of it:
Other than Homo sapiens sapiens, no hominid is known to have fashioned works of art like the Nampa figurine. The evidence therefore suggests that humans of the modern type were living in America at the Plio-Pleistocene age which dates about 2 million years ago. According to current Darwinian theories of evolution, figurines like the Idaho image are made only by humans of the modern type, who came into existence only about 200,000 years ago.
It is a far-out theory indeed, and there have been other ideas as well, such as that this was dropped off by a time traveler or that it was, of course, aliens. However, skeptics have pointed out that the figurine may be more modern than it seems, and may have been lying on the surface before drilling even began, or that it was even an intentionally crafted hoax. Nevertheless, much controversy and debate has surrounded the Nampa Figurine, and its origins remain wreathed in mystery and lost to time. Equally as perplexing and controversial is a discovery allegedly made in 1938 in the Baian-Kara-ula mountains on the border of China and Tibet, by Chinese archeologist and professor Chi Pu Tei. His expedition purportedly came across an underground network of tunnels, caves, and caverns that seemed to have been artificially excavated, leaving smooth glazed walls suggesting some immense heat had been used. Tsum claimed that within this strange subterranean world they had found pictograms carved into the walls, which depicted star systems, the sun, and the moon, and even more bizarrely graves that supposedly held the remains of tiny humanoids measuring about 4 feet tall and with outsized heads. Perhaps even stranger were the objects they found half buried in the earth all around them.
The objects in question were a series of over 700 perfectly circular discs measuring up to a foot across, and which were said to have two grooves that emanated out from a perfectly round, 3/4″ hole in the center to form a double spiral. Within the spirals were claimed to be minuscule hieroglyphics of an unknown type, so small that they were barely visible to the naked eye, and which required a magnifying glass to make out in any significant detail. Although this would have been seen as a monumental discovery, the discs allegedly found themselves locked away in storage at Beijing university for decades until 1962, when Chinese archeologist Tsum Um Nui supposedly took a look at them and the story would get even more bizarre still.
After careful analysis of the discs, this Tsum Um Nui claimed that he had actually managed to decipher them, and that they told an epic tale and often tragic tale of visitors from the stars. According to Nui, the discs spoke of a spaceship that had crashed into the mountains carrying a contingent of alien beings called the Dropa. The crash smashed the ship beyond their ability to repair, and so these mysterious beings had been forced to find refuge in the mountains and adapt to life on Earth, creating the tunnels and caverns in the process. The discs even supposedly give the harrowing account of some of these Dropa being mercilessly slaughtered by the Han Chinese.
It sounds completely absurd, and the general scientific community agreed, refusing to publish Nui’s paper on the matter and generally looking upon his claims with raised eyebrows and outright disdain. According to some accounts, the archeologist was even forbidden from even talking about the discs anymore after that, but the whole weird tale caught the attention of Russian scientist W. Saitsew, who apparently acquired some of the discs and studied them himself in 1968. Saitsew allegedly found the composition of the discs to be quite odd, comprised of a strange mix of cobalt and other metals that made the surface nearly impenetrably hard and deepening the mystery of the hieroglyphs etched upon them. He also claimed to have discovered that when placed on a specialized turntable the discs hummed and oscillated as if they had once held an electrical charge or served as conductors of some type.
It is unclear what happened to what have come to be known as the Dropa Discs after this, and Tsum Um Nui himself allegedly fled China to Japan, where he vanished into obscurity. We are left with very little to go on, and indeed there is much to cast doubt on whether the Dropa Discs ever even existed at all. For one there are no discs now to examine, with the estimated 712 discs all allegedly disappearing over the years. There is also rather suspiciously a lack of any photographic documentation of them at all. The only supposed photographs of the Dropa Discs were purportedly taken by the Austrian engineer Ernst Wegerer, who apparently located two of the discs during a visit to the Banpo Museum in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province in 1974. However, the photographs are fairly controversial and the discs themselves are obscured by camera flash.
Alleged photo of the Dropa Discs
Other damning evidence against the existence of the Dropa Discs is that there are no real official scientific papesr written on them, with only the writings of Tsum Um Nui, the Russian scientists, and some second or third hand accounts to go on, and these are of questionable veracity at best. In fact, Tsum Um Nui appears to have no mention in any university or academic institution as an archeologist, and indeed it has been pointed out that Tsum Um Nui isn’t even a real Chinese name at all. There are likewise no official museum records to show that such discs were ever within their collections, nor is there any official documentation of the Chi Pu Tei expedition that supposedly found them in the first place, and indeed there is no way to know if it ever happened at all. Considering such a lack of any concrete evidence, if the Dropa Discs ever did exist then the Chinese have gone through great efforts to cover it all up. Perhaps more likely is that this is an intriguing archeological urban legend that has sort of taken up a life of its own. Regardless, these mysterious discs crafted by unknown hands have continued to be discussed and debated to this day.
With such mindbogglingly strange artifacts of course there have been numerous theories proposed over the years. One is that, in cases like that of the Antikythera Mechanism our understanding human technological development may be incorrect or skewed. Perhaps these ancient peoples were more advanced than previously thought, but we are still left with the conundrum that such discoveries are isolated and unique. If these civilizations had access to the ability to create such marvels, then where is the documentation of them and their schematics and plans? Indeed, if this technology was available shouldn’t there be more of these artifacts to be found rather than just single anomalies? Or was this perhaps just an expensive and exclusive technology and there are perhaps more examples out there that simply haven’t been found? There is no way to know.
Other ideas branch further out into the fringe. Besides the obvious creationist theories, there are the ideas that this is evidence of ancient aliens meddling with human affairs, that these are evidence of time travel, or even that it is all indicative of some sort of inter-dimensional phenomena. Perhaps it is even something beyond our ability to understand, some new phenomenon that we have no inkling of. Whatever the case may be, there sure have been some strange things dug up from the earth and from below the sea, and these ancient mysteries will likely go on to puzzle and baffle for some time to come.
Neutron star: a celestial object of very small radius (typically 18 miles/30 km) and very high density, composed predominantly of closely packed neutrons; thought to be formed form by the gravitational collapse of the remnant of a massive star after a supernova explosion, making it essentially a stellar corpse and too small to be a black hole.
Relativistic jet: beams of ionised matter accelerated close to the speed of light; associated with central black holes, galactic stellar black holes and neutron stars.
Rule of neutron stars and relativistic jets: relativistic jets do not come out of neutron stars with strong magnetic fields.
According to their study published in the journal Nature, Astronomer Jakob van den Eijnden of the University of Amsterdam and his team of researchers observed a strange, unexpected and thought-to-be-impossible radio emission coming from Swift J0243.6+6124, a slow-spinning neutron star 24,000 light-years away from Earth in the constellation of Cassiopeia, discovered on October 3, 2017, with NASA’s orbiting Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory. This neutron star is part of a binary system, feeding off of a much larger star. The neutron’s gravity pulled the material and gas away from the other star and formed a disc between them. When it got big enough, the neutron star’s gravity pulled the disc in and energy created converted into the relativistic jet detected by the Swift satellite.
An illustration of a black hole
Except that it’s impossible for a dense dead star to create relativistic jets. Well, now make that improbable. In an article in The Conversation, astronomer and study co-author James Miller-Jones says this event requires a new theory on neutrons and jets.
“Recent theoretical work has suggested that under certain circumstances it might be possible to launch jets from the extraction of the neutron star’s rotational energy. In our case, this could have been enabled by the high rate at which matter was falling inwards. It would also explain why the jets that we saw were about 100 times weaker than seen in other neutron stars with weaker magnetic fields.”
Still here? Is this a big deal? Nathalie Degenaar, University of Amsterdam astronomer and study co-author, thinks so.
“This discovery not only means we have to revise our ideas about jets from such systems, but also opens up exciting new areas of research.”
A black hole eating a neutron star
In other words … more jobs for astronomers! James Miller-Jones agrees in ScienceAlert:
“Whatever the explanation, our result is a great example of how science works, with theories being developed, tested against observations and revised in light of new experimental results.”
Finally, a win for science! Crack open those science books, participate in science fairs, study your math and look at the stars. You too could be destined for an exciting career with good job potential in the field of astronomy.
In my book, Silver Screen Saucers: Sorting Fact from Fantasy in Hollywood’s UFO Movies, I devote an entire chapter to Hollywood’s historical engagement with the concept of alien abduction. The chapter documents the evolution of UFO abduction movies over six decades; it also features interviews with selected abductees (or “experiencers”), eliciting their personal perspectives on Hollywood’s depictions of a phenomenon that, to them, is closer to science fact than science fiction. One of the experiencers I interviewed is a gentleman named Peter Faust, who came to prominence in the mid-1990s following the publication of the bestselling book, Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens, which was written by Harvard psychiatrist John Mack and devotes an entire chapter to Peter’s story. Peter was one of Mack’s early patients and appeared alongside the Pulitzer Prize-winning author in a 1994 episode of The Oprah Winfrey Show.
Peter claims his experiences trace back to his youth, and his first conscious recollection of them came in 1988 at the age of 33. John Mack would later invite Peter to participate in his group therapy sessions, and it was through these, and also through hypnosis, that he began to find the missing pieces of his puzzle.
During our interview, I asked Peter if his experiences are ongoing. He replied that, although their physical component has ceased, the effect of his experiences, both physical and mental, continues to be felt in his daily life. In this sense, he said, his experience is ongoing and will likely never end. When I asked him if he misses what he perceived to be his direct interactions with otherworldly intelligences, he told me:
“When you come back from that experience and go back into ordinary reality, trying to pay the mortgage and the bills and plan for retirement, you know, just back into human existence, there’s a gap there. You’ve reached a state of bliss, you’ve had contact with the divine, or whatever you want to call it, and thereafter there’s always a part of you that thinks ‘those are my people, those are my tribe, that’s my real home,’ and there’s a sense of longing for that, because you’ve had that taste of it. So in that regard I miss it. But I don’t focus on it because I have to live in this world. I think that’s what’s hard for many people who’ve had the contact experience.”
Dr John E. Mack, pioneering researcher of the abduction phenomenon. Peter Faust was an early patient of Mack’s and a core case study in his bestselling book, Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens.
Here follows my full interview with Peter Faust…
RG: UFOs and Hollywood – what are your immediate thoughts?
PF: It seems to me that Hollywood has a history of sensationalizing the phenomenon and consistently presenting it as traumatic – that the beings are malevolent, and that there’s a threat of invasion.
RG: What’s your emotional state while watching abduction-themed entertainment products? Do they provoke in you a visceral reaction, or are you able to view them with detachment?
PF: They absolutely elicit a visceral reaction in me of the initial trauma and the disbelief that I felt at the time. It has been very difficult for me to watch these films without being triggered, so I avoid most of them, although I have seen a few over the years. The last one I saw was The Fourth Kind (2009).
The Fourth Kind (2009)
Aside from trauma, the other reaction I have is “This is not the whole story.” It’s disheartening that Hollywood leaves its exploration of the phenomenon at the level of trauma, invasion, and abuse, and that it hasn’t moved into the next level, which I personally have experienced, where these intelligences are trying to break through our consciousness and have a communion with us, a conversation with us, and are trying to impart a message to us.
RG: To what extent are your own experiences reflected in these products?
PF: I would say the initial aspects – the sense of “this can’t be happening,” “am I going crazy?, who do I trust, who do I tell?” The obsessional aspect of it – Close Encounters of the Third Kind captured that well. The complete shattering of one’s belief system and a feeling of alienation, of going crazy, of losing your mind, and the effect that it has on your family and loved ones.
Richard Dreyfuss at the verge of madness in Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977).
RG: After becoming aware of your experiences in adulthood did you find yourself drawn to UFO-themed entertainment media in the hope of finding answers?
PF: When I first went to Dr. Mack with my experiences in my 30s, he immediately said to me “Please don’t read any material or watch any films on this subject, and don’t talk to anybody else, so that our regression hypnosis sessions are not tainted by an overlay of what you’ve read or seen in the media.” So I did not look at any of these films or read anything on this topic until 1995 or 1996 after John’s book had come out.
RG: Are there any film or TV depictions of the experiencer phenomenon you’ve found to be particularly truthful or authentic?
PF: I would say that there isn’t one film that I can remember that depicts all of it, although I would say there are elements in all these movies that reflect parts of the experience. CertainlyClose Encounters of the Third Kind reflected the obsessional tone of it. Communion reflected another tone, and I would say that Taken reflected the feeling and importance of the individual recognizing their experiences and then finding others who have experienced the same. In that show there was a recognition among the characters that they were not alone in their experiences, that they were not isolated, that they were part of a collective experience, whereas in Communion it was more isolated to the individual.
Another movie, Knowing, was good in the sense that it depicted a consciousness trying to reach us and show us that there are worrying events occurring that they’re aware of, and they’re trying to connect with us. It shows an individual following the threads and coming to the point where he has actual contact with these beings.
RG: What facets of the experiencer phenomenon would you like to see filmmakers explore more in the future?
PF: What I would love to see Hollywood explore more is the arc of one person, or several people’s lives, who seem to not be connected, and who individually go through the process of horror and disbelief and then move through that to acceptance, then moving to a more mutual contact with the beings to discover their true intent. I don’t want to see any more straight horror films on this subject. I think the general public is ready for a film that depicts people waking up, having the experience, following the experience, people no longer traumatized by the experience, and then moving toward something larger and more profound.
A movie more along the lines of Contact. That film took it to the next level. None of the existing films show the transformation that happens for the individual. I think the subject as a whole is challenging Hollywood to explore the next arc of this ongoing story, which is ‘how will the collective consciousness of humanity respond to this larger reality?’ So in this sense, Contact, Knowing, and even Interstellar are the only films I can think of which depict a higher intelligence trying to communicate a message to us that’s to our benefit, but their methods of communication are mysterious and sometimes scary. Contact and Interstellar actually show us going out into space to meet these higher intelligences, whereas in the 1950s movies, the aliens came to us. But now we’re starting to have the technology to be able to go out there and meet them, and Hollywood is starting to depict that – that we can decipher their communication, we can decipher that they’re trying to connect with us, and that they’re actually trying to help us.
RG: What do you feel is the overall cultural effect of UFO-themed movies?
PF: It’s been a slow process of disclosure over sixty years using the mediums of our time, the mediums of communication, which are film and television. And I think ultimately humanity is being prepared for contact.
RG: Is this disclosure a planned political strategy, or is it a natural cultural process?
PF: Yes, it’s cultural. If we take a step back and put conspiracy theories to one side, I fundamentally believe that there is a collective form of preparation going on through mass media; we’re preparing ourselves for the possibility of contact. The media in any of its forms, from the town crier, to the newspaper, to the radio, to film and television, to the Internet, has always been a way for consciousness to expand; for humanity to broaden its view.
RG: So, you feel that Hollywood has part to play in this process of awakening and acceptance? That Hollywood wields enough power as a medium to influence what people will think, and ultimately do?
PF: Absolutely, because all the seeds of our imagination are planted through film and television at this point in our history, and through the media more broadly. And if the seeds are “don’t react with terror,” “don’t react with fear,” “don’t react with a SWAT team,” then we’ll be more predisposed to that.
Tens-of-thousands of individuals the world over continue to report physical and/or mental interactions with otherworldly intelligences. Regardless of one’s personal perspective on this phenomenon, it is clear that, but for a few exceptions, Hollywood’s treatment of the subject has been crude and simplistic. All of the UFO experiencers I’ve spoken with over the years share the view that the entertainment industry should move beyond the genre trappings of sci-fi and horror, past even the explicitly “alien,” and focus instead on the “human;” on the frequently reported psychologically and spiritually transformative aspects of these experiences—whatever they may represent—at both individual and collective levels.
If you’ve never done any research on the UFO topic, you might be forgiven for thinking that the only people who see them are hicks with worrying family trees; certainly this is the stereotype that has been perpetuated by Hollywood. In reality, however, UFOs are reported by men and women from all walks of life, and from all social and economic backgrounds: from burger-flippers to bankers, sex-workers to surgeons, pot-washers to politicians. With this in mind, it should could come as little surprise that those who spend their working days in the skies above us also see their fair share of anomalous aerial phenomena. Indeed, cases of pilot encounters with UFOs stand among the most credible and dramatic ever recorded in the history of this enduring enigma.
Here are five of the the most compelling…
#5. Alderney Sighting, 2007
Captain Ray Bowyer got the fright of his life on 23 April 2007 while piloting a routine passenger flight from Southampton, England, to Alderney in the Channel Islands. Over a 15 minute period, he and his passengers witnessed two UFOs so large and imposing that Bowyer–a pilot with 18 years of flying experience–wanted nothing more than to land his aircraft as soon as humanly possible “and have a cup of tea.” Typical Brit.
Bowyer’s aircraft gradually converged on two stationary, cigar-shaped craft, each emitting a brilliant yellow light. To the naked eye, the objects appeared unnervingly large, despite initially being some 55 miles away, and Bowyer would later estimate that the two mystery craft were each up to a mile across. Bowyer also viewed the objects through 10X magnification binoculars, through which he could distinguish their seemingly solid form, which grew clearer still as his aircraft drew nearer to them.
Bowyer would later recall:
I found myself astounded but curious, but at 12 miles’ distance these objects were becoming uncomfortably large, and I was glad to descend and land the aircraft. Many of my passengers saw the objects as did the pilots of another aircraft, 25 miles further south [a plane near Sark, which confirmed the presence, general position and altitude of the first object from the opposite direction].
The encounter was thoroughly investigated but remains unexplained. Bowyer conservatively maintains that what he and his passengers witnessed was “definitely nothing from around these parts.”
#4. USS Nimitz Radar/Visual Encounter, 2004
At around 12:30 EST on November 14, 2004, an operations officer aboard the guided missile cruiser USS Princeton contacted two airborne US Navy jet fighters from USS Nimitz, instructing the pilots to change their course and investigate an unidentified blip that was showing up on the Princeton’s radar. The first fighter aircraft was piloted by Commander David Fravor, with his weapon systems officer in the back seat. The second jet was piloted by Commander Jim Slaight.
The weather conditions that day were near perfect: blue sky, no cloud cover, calm sea. When the jet fighters–both FA-18F Super Hornets–arrived at the site of the radar blip, the crew of four could see nothing untoward in the air. Below them, however, on the surface of the sea, they noticed an area “the size of a Boeing 737 airplane with a smoother area of lighter color at the center,” as if the waves were breaking over a large object just under the surface. Moments later, the crew noticed a strange object hovering erratically some 50 feet above the disturbance in the water. Both pilots later described the unidentified object as resembling a large bright white “Tic Tac” between 30 and 46 feet in length, with no visible engine or exhaust plume.
As Commander Fravor started a circular descent towards the object, it began ascending along a curved path, keeping a safe distance from the F-18 and mirroring its trajectory. Fravor then attempted to plunge his fighter below the object. No chance. The UFO accelerated “like a bullet from a gun” and was lost from his sight in less than two seconds. The nature and origin of the object remain a mystery (at least officially).
In 2017, Fravor spoke publicly about his “Tic Tac” encounter as part of a broader and ongoing public initiative to draw attention to the Pentagon’s shadowy UFO study program (now allegedly shut down), officially titled the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (AATIP).
#3. The Death of Thomas Mantell, 1948
On 7 January 1948, Captain Thomas Mantell, a 25 year old Kentucky Air National Guard Pilot, died while in pursuit of an Unidentified Flying Object. Mantell, who was honored with the Distinguished Flying Cross for his part in the Battle of Normandy, was one of four pilots ordered by the 156th Fighter Squadron to investigate UFO reports coming in to a number of military bases in Kentucky that afternoon, including Goldman Field at Fort Knox and Clinton County Army Airfield. The UFO was reported by military personnel as being up to 300 ft. in diameter, and white with a red border at the bottom.
The pilots, who were in radio communication with the control tower at Fort Knox, were ordered to approach the object, but it was now at a considerable altitude and appeared as little more than a dot in the sky. The pilots were then advised to break off direct pursuit and to level their altitude, a suggestion ignored by Mantell, who continued to climb in chase of the object. As Mantell got closer to the UFO, he told the control tower it looked “metallic,” and was of “tremendous size.” They would be some of his last words. It is thought that he blacked out soon after due to lack of oxygen. His plane spiralled to the ground, crashing on a farm south of Franklin, Kentucky. The cause of Mantell’s crash as listed by the Air Force officially remains “undetermined.”
#2. The Vanishing of Frederick Valentich, 1978
Yet another aircraft would be lost in an apparent UFO encounter in 1978. On October 21, at 7:12 pm, 20-year-old Frederick Valentich and the Cessna 182L light aircraft he was piloting mysteriously vanished over Australia’s Bass Strait. Shortly prior to his disappearance Valentich had advised Melbourne air traffic control that he was being orbited by a large craft some 300 meters above him. Valentich said the craft was long, with a shiny metal surface and a green light on it. He reported that the craft was approaching him from the Southwest. Moments later, the young pilot made what would be his final statement to air traffic control – or to anyone: “[the] strange aircraft is hovering on top of me again. It is hovering and it’s not an aircraft.” This was followed by 17 seconds of “metallic scraping sounds.” No trace of Valentich or his aircraft was ever found. The cause of his disappearance remains undetermined.
#1. Japan Airlines Close Encounter, 1986
This case, involving a Japanese Airlines Boeing 747 cargo plane en route from Paris to Tokyo, is arguably the most compelling example to date of an aircraft coming dangerously close to airborne technological objects seemingly not of terrestrial origin.
On November 17, 1986, at 5.11 pm local time, while flying at 35,000 feet over northeastern Alaska, veteran pilot Captain Kenju Terauchi, along with his first officer and flight engineer, noticed unusual lights some 2000 feet below and to the left of their 747. After a few minutes, the lights changed their position and suddenly appeared directly in front of the aircraft, and at much closer proximity—so close, in fact, that they lit up the cockpit and Terauchi said he could feel heat on his face. They now resembled two pairs of squarish arrays of pulsating “amber and whitish” lights. The captain estimated them to be “about the same size as the body of a DC-8 jet.” The objects then positioned themselves side-by-side.
Terauchi asked Anchorage flight control if it was tracking any objects near the aircraft. Negative. Terauchi would later note that his communication with flight control was garbled for several minutes, seemingly due to interference on the part of the UFOs. As the mysterious objects moved off to the left, the pilot sighted a third UFO some eight miles away; the aircraft’s radar detected it too, and it remained onscreen for several minutes. It was big—very big—and the smaller two objects were flying towards it. As Terauchi and co. looked behind them, they could see in the distance the “silhouette of a giant spaceship,” which was reflecting the lights from the ground. Terauchi would later refer to this immense Saturn-shaped object as the “mothership” and estimated it to be the size of “two aircraft carriers.” It remained behind them as the captain radioed Anchorage requesting permission to take evasive manoeuvres. Permission was granted, but the huge UFO held its position.
Meanwhile, Anchorage flight control had been in touch with the Air Force at Elmendorf Regional Operational Control Center to see if they were tracking anything anomalous—they were, but by 5.28 it had gone. At 5.40, Anchorage asked Terauchi if he would like to have jets scrambled to intercept, but he declined, fearing for the safety of the fighter pilots.
After a terrifying 30 minutes, Terauchi and his crew finally lost sight of the UFOs and landed his 747 safely at Anchorage, whereupon an investigation was launched by the FAA, which concluded that it could not confirm the event and that a split radar return was involved. Meanwhile, the debunking group CSICOP concluded that Captain and crew had simply misidentified the planets Jupiter and Mars. Years later, John Callahan, former Division Chief for Accidents and Investigations branch of the FAA, testified publicly to his first-hand knowledge of a CIA cover-up of flight data relating to this event.
‘Member in that movie Armageddon when Bruce Willis landed a spaceship on a freakin’ asteroid? I remember. While that might have seemed like an outlandish and unrealistic plot device at the time, it turns out that such an escapade may indeed be possible – if Bruce Willis is available, of course. That guy stays pretty busy. Die Hard 6, really?
Actually, even without Bruce Willis’ help, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) announced this week that they have successfully landed rovers on the asteroid Ryugu. 162173 Ryugu is a potentially hazardous near-Earth object (NEO) measuring around 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) in diameter. Ryugu orbits the sun every 16 months and passes within a quarter of a lunar distance to Earth as it does, making it an object worthy of our attention.
The groundbreaking mission is part of the agency’s Hayabusa 2 asteroid sample-return mission, the ultimate goal of which is to collect material samples of Ryugu and safely bring them back to Earth for analysis. At least when we’re all incinerated by an asteroid impact, we will have known what it was made of.
To accomplish this feat, JAXA has deployed two tiny roverscalled MINERVA II which are able to hop and roll around the asteroid’s surface, taking photographs and collecting samples all the way. The rovers have already beamed back a few pictures, and they’re as incredible as you would imagine they are. The images show asteroid 162173 Ryugu to be just the type of barren, inhospitable rock an asteroid should be.
Will we one day have to send Bruce Willis or another similarly steely-eyed hunk on a suicidal mission to land on an asteroid and blow it to bits? Given how much attention the White House is paying to asteroids and the other 15,000 near-Earth objects lately, it’s definitely possible – especially given that some scientists accuse NASA of hiding the truth about these NEOs.
This is why it’s important to live for today.
Asteroids have impacted the Earth many times throughout our planet’s history, causing mass extinction events and generally ruining everyone’s day. All of this has happened before and will happen again. When will the next one occur?
China has successfully tested a hypersonic aircraft capable of carrying nuclear weapons that evade existing anti-missile defence systems, according reports.
The next-generation weapon, known as Xingkong-2 or Starry Sky-2, will ride the shockwave generated by the initial launch, which is handled by a rocket, to travel at six times the speed of sound, or Mach 6 – around 4,563mph (7,344kmph).
Starry Sky-2 will purportedly be able to switch direction during its flight, making it harder to track and intercept.
When the aircraft fires its missiles, these will also travel at top speeds of 4,563mph (7,344kmph) and will easily defeat conventional anti-missile defence systems.
Scientists involved in the latest test flight have heralded it as a 'huge success', with experts saying the aircraft signals China is now neck-and-neck with Russia and the United States in the race to create hypersonic warheads.
China has long been suspected of building an arsenal of hypersonic weapons, but this new test flight is the first proof the technology is actively being developed.
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China has tested a hypersonic aircraft called Starry Sky-2 (pictured) that could carry nuclear weapons and evade anti-missile defence systems, reports suggest
The China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics (CAAA) said in a statement the latest test flight – carried out at an undisclosed location in northwest of the country – was a 'huge success', writes South China Morning Post.
The Starry Sky-2 aircraft was carried into space before separating from the launcher rocket and flying on its own power.
Known as a 'waverider', these hypersonic aircrafts uses the shockwaves from its own flight as a lifting surface to travel through the air at fast speeds.
In the latest tests, the aircraft was able to maintain speeds greater than five-and-a-half times the speed of sound for 400 seconds at an altitude of 30km (19 miles).
Local reports suggest it also achieved a top speed of Mach 6.
'The test … has laid a solid technological foundation for engineering applications of the waverider design,' the CAAA statement claimed.
Hypersonic weapons can defeat existing anti-missile defences as they are designed to switch direction during their flight.
These missiles do not follow a predictable ballistic arc like conventional projectiles, making them much harder to track and intercept.
According to the CAAA, the aircraft landed 'whole' in the designated target zone.
However, this technology is not ready to be rolled-out yet.
The next-generation weapon, known as Xingkong-2 or Starry Sky-2, will ride the shockwave generated by the initial launch, which is handled by a rocket, to travel at six times the speed of sound, or Mach 6 – around 4,563mph (7,344kmph)
Starry Sky-2 (pictured) will purportedly be able to switch direction during its flight, making it harder to track and intercept
'I think there are still three to five years before this technology can be weaponised,' said Beijing-based military analyst, Zhou Chenming.
'As well as being fitted to missiles, it may also have other military applications, which are still being explored.'
Russia is widely-tipped to be developing a hypersonic weapon known as 'Zircon'.
The Zircon cruise missile purportedly travels between 3,800mph (6,115kph) and 4,600mph (7,400kph) – five to six times the speed of sound – putting Russia 'half a decade ahead of the US'.
According to Russian news agency Tass, it is set to go into production this year.
When the aircraft fires its missiles, these will also travel at top speeds of 4,563mph (7,344kmph) and will easily defeat conventional anti-missile defence systems
Known as a 'waverider', these hypersonic aircrafts uses the shockwaves from its own flight as a lifting surface to travel through the air at fast speeds
In the latest tests, the aircraft was able to maintain speeds greater than five-and-a-half times the speed of sound for 400 seconds at an altitude of 30km (19 miles)
In June, it was also revealed a US hypersonic missile had taken a step closer to reality.
Defence firm Lockheed Martin revealed details of a $928 million (£661 million) contract to make a radical new weapon that will travel more than five times the speed of sound.
The aerospace firm is working on an air-launched weapon system, dubbed the Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon (HCSW), under a new deal with the US Air Force.
In the first phase, the team will finalise the system requirements before moving on to design, flight tests, and initial production and deployment.
Work on the ultra-fast missile is taking place in Huntsville, Alabama, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, and Orlando, Florida, according to Lockheed Martin.
Russia is believed to be developing a hypersonic weapon called the Zircon. The missile is capable of travelling twice as fast as the Royal Navy's Sea Ceptor missile (pictured), which would be responsible for shooting it down were it to attack British troops or mainland UK
WHAT ARE HYPERSONIC AIRCRAFT AND WHO IS DEVELOPING THEM?
Hypersonic aircraft are those capable of a hitting speeds five times the speed of sound or more.
The vehicles could be used to deliver missiles, including nuclear weapons, to targets around the world in a fraction of the time achieved by current craft.
Hypersonic vehicles travel so rapidly and unpredictably they could provide an almost-immediate threat to nations across the globe.
Once developed, the gap between identifying a military threat and launching an attack on it will drop from hours to minutes, even at long distances.
Since 2013, China has conducted seven successful test flights of its hypersonic glider DF-ZF.
The vehicle will be capable of speeds of between Mach 5 and Mach 10, or five to 10 times the speed of sound.
US officials tested tested HTV-2 in 2011, an unmanned aircraft capable of Mach 20, but the hypersonic flight lasted just a few minutes before the vehicle crashed.Additional expertise in Denver, Colorado, and Sunnyvale, California will also be involved in the project.
The US Air Force will grant Lockheed Martin up to $928 million for development of the weapon through early operational capability.
'Our goal is rapid development and fielding of the HCSW system, and this contract is the first step in achieving that goal,' said John Snyder, vice president of Air Force Strategic Programs at Lockheed Martin.
'Design, development, production, integration and test experts from across Lockheed Martin will partner with the Air Force to achieve early operational capability and deliver the system to our warfighters.
'We are incredibly proud to be leading this effort.'
It was first revealed back in April that the Pentagon pushed through development of the highly maneuverable weapons, which are designed to outpace detection and defensive capabilities.
The move follows repeated warnings from senior officials about rapid advances by China and Russia, who have unveiled their own versions in recent months.
Defence firm Lockheed Martin revealed details of a $928 million (£661 million) contract to make a radical new weapon that will travel more than five times the speed of sound. This 2010 file photo shows rival Boeing's X-51A WaveRider hypersonic vehicle under a B-52 bomber
Hypersonic weapons can beat regular anti-missile defences. This artist's impression, courtesy of the US Air Force, shows Boeing's hypersonic X-51A Waverider cruise missile currently under development
Arsenals of the ultra-fast intercontinental weapons could also be equipped with nuclear warheads with the capability of delivering devastating strikes across the planet.
In a statement, the Pentagon said Lockheed will receive up to $928 million to build a new, non-nuclear missile it is calling the 'hypersonic conventional strike weapon.'
'This contract provides for the design, development, engineering, systems integration, test, logistics planning, and aircraft integration support of all the elements of a hypersonic, conventional, air-launched, stand-off weapon,' the statement read.
Mike Griffin, the Pentagon's new defense undersecretary for research and engineering, said China had built 'a pretty mature system' for a hypersonic missile to strike from thousands of kilometres (miles) away.
'We will, with today's defensive systems, not see these things coming,' Mr Griffin said.
WHAT DOES RUSSIA CLAIM TO HAVE IN ITS MILITARY ARSENAL?
The Russian Ministry of Defence has been keen to promote a range of new super weapons currently believed to be in development.
President Putin unveiled a catalogue of doomsday weaponry as part of his annual 'State of the Nation' speech in March 2018.
However, questions remain about the true nature of their capabilities, how far into development the weapons truly are, and when they will be combat-ready.
RS-28 Sarmat ICBM
The RS-28 Sarmat is intended to replace the Soviet-designed SS-18 Voyevoda, the world's heaviest ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile).
It is known as 'Satan' in the West and carries 10 nuclear warheads.
Sarmat can unleash ten large thermonuclear warheads, 16 smaller ones, or a combination of both, according to the Russian Ministry of Defence.
Each warhead is purportedly capable of taking aim at a different target.
The hypersonic glide vehicle, dubbed Avangard, launches atop an intercontinental ballistic missile (IBM) before sailing on top of the atmosphere toward its target. Russia tested its latest IBM, the Sarmat missile, for the first time last year (pictured)
The (ICBM) weapons can strike targets via both the North and South poles.
TV broadcaster Zvezda, which is run by the Russian Ministry of Defence, has previously claimed the missile will be capable of wiping out areas the size of Texas or France.
It is also capable of carrying up to 24 of Russia's new Avangard hypersonic glide vehicles, designed to sit atop of an ICBM.
Putin says both weapons will be combat-ready in 2020.
Avangard Hypersonic Glide Vehicle
Russia is also believed to be developing a hypersonic weapon that can breach even the world's most advanced missile defence systems.
The Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle purportedly travels at 20 times the speed of sound and can hit targets anywhere in the world within half an hour.
The vehicle launches atop an intercontinental ballistic missile, or ICBM, before gliding on top of the atmosphere toward its target.
It is loaded with advanced countermeasure systems that allow it to skirt around the latest-generation of missile defence systems, Russia claims.
The vehicles are equipped with onboard countermeasure systems capable of dodging even the most advanced missile defence systems. This artist's impression shows how the glider could manoeuvre at high speed to bypass missile defences
The gliders are also highly unpredictable thanks to their manoeuvrability, making them almost impossible to track using conventional systems.
Each weapon could be loaded with a nuclear warhead, however military experts say the sheer speed of the vehicles means they could do damage even without an explosive payload attached.
Putin described his hypersonic arsenal as 'invincible' during a state-of-the-nation address in March 2018.
He claimed Avangard strikes 'like a meteorite, like a fireball' and was capable of reaching targets at 20 times the speed of sound.
At this speed the weapon could circle the Earth in just over half an hour.
Speaking to MailOnline, Neil Gibson, senior weapons analyst for Jane's by IHS Markit, said: 'I think the ability of hypersonic systems to defeat air-defence system is highly exaggerated.
'They have advantages and disadvantages as per any other weapon system.
'The fact is, the vast majority of ballistic missiles are already hypersonic anyway, it's the controlled flight when still hypersonic that we are talking about here.
'If nuclear armed, they just come under 'mutually assured destruction' style posturing. Using them is always possible of course.
'Conventionally-armed versions are more likely to be used, though any confusion with what they carry - nuclear or conventional warhead - could start an exchange of nuclear weapons if it is mistaken for a nuclear attack.'
Kinzhal Hypersonic Air Launched Missile
Another new missile, the hypersonic Kinzhal, travels at ten times the speed of sound, Putin says.
It is currently undergoing tests in southern Russia.
The hypersonic Kinzhal missile is launched from a high-altitude MiG-31 fighter jet and can be fitted with either nuclear, or conventional weapons.
This still shows the hypersonic Kinzhal, which travels at ten times the speed of sound and is currently undergoing tests in southern Russia
It has an effective range of 1,250 miles (2,000 km), although Putin claims its total range is actually 'unlimited'.
Russia has already conducted some 350 training missions with the military unit tasked with testing the Kinzhal.
Putin claims the new missile would be capable of striking 'anywhere in the world', and that its high speed and manoeuvrability allowed it to pierce any missile defence.
However, despite Putin's major promises, the missile has still not been able to stay airborne for more than a few minutes, according to US intelligence sources.
The new missile has purportedly been tested four times between November and February and crashed every time.
Burevestnik nuclear powered cruise missile
The burevestnik, or thunderbird, nuclear propulsion system for Russian cruise missiles aims to give them 'unlimited range and unlimited ability to manoeuvre', according to Sergey Pertsev, a developer.
Ministry of Defence officials said in July, 2018, that work on the unlimited-range missile is going according to plan.
Footage purported to show the missile in action, although it is unclear whether it was being powered by nuclear or conventional fuel.
The 'Burevestnik' nuclear propulsion system for Russian cruise missiles, pictured, is said to have 'unlimited range and unlimited ability to manoeuvre'
'Launching systems are also being designed, while technological processes to manufacture, assemble and test the missile are being improved,' an official said at the time.
However, experts have criticised the missile, including Jeffrey Lewis, a nuclear expert at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey.
He told Vice's Motherboard: 'The nuclear-powered cruise missile is new—and bats**t crazy.'
Poseidon Drone Submarine
The Poseidon drone submarine is a sister project to burevestnik.
It is essentially a giant, nuclear-capable torpedo capable of carrying a two megaton nuclear warhead capable of obliterating military ports.
The Kremlin's Poseidon torpedo sub is designed to destroy 'enemy navy bases' and will be able to travel up to 70 knots (80 miles per hour), it claims.
Russian state news agency TASS says it has not been able to confirm details of the weapon.
The Poseidon drone submarine - with a miniature nuclear propulsion system - is shown undergoing a static test
However, it quoted a military source as saying: 'It will be possible to mount various nuclear charges on the 'torpedo' of the Poseidon multipurpose seaborne system, with the thermonuclear single warhead similar to the Avangard charge to have the maximum capacity of up to two megatonnes in TNT equivalent.'
With its nuke, the weapon 'is primarily designed to destroy reinforced naval bases of a potential enemy,' the report added.
Peresvet Combat Laser System
Named after a medieval warrior monk, very little is known about this system.
Many believe Peresvet is a jamming system carried on the back of military lorries, which can be used to 'blind' optical electronic equipment inside enemy vehicles using a laser beam.
According to ex-Russian Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov the 'combat laser systems' that Putin addressed in his State of the Nation speech back in March had already been delivered to the nation's armed forces last year.
Many believe Peresvet is a jamming system carried on the back of military lorries (pictured), which can be used to 'blind' optical electronic equipment inside enemy vehicles using a laser beam
Once found only in works of fiction, Mr Borisov said such devices were now a very real and necessary tool of modern warfare.
'We can talk a lot about laser weapons and movies were made about them a long time ago and fantastic books have been written, and everyone knows about this,' Mr Borisov said in comments translated by the state-run Tass Russian News Agency.
But the fact that these systems have started entering service is indeed today's reality.'