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    The purpose of  this blog is the creation of an open, international, independent and  free forum, where every UFO-researcher can publish the results of his/her research. The languagues, used for this blog, are Dutch, English and French.You can find the articles of a collegue by selecting his category.
    Each author stays resposable for the continue of his articles. As blogmaster I have the right to refuse an addition or an article, when it attacks other collegues or UFO-groupes.
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    Deze blog is opgedragen aan mijn overleden echtgenote Lucienne.

    In 2012 verloor ze haar moedige strijd tegen kanker!

    In 2011 startte ik deze blog, omdat ik niet mocht stoppen met mijn UFO-onderzoek.


    UFO's in België en de rest van de wereld
    In België heb je vooral BUFON of het Belgisch UFO-Netwerk, dat zich met UFO's bezighoudt. BEZOEK DUS ZEKER VOOR ALLE OBJECTIEVE INFORMATIE Verder heb je ook het Belgisch-Ufo-meldpunt en Caelestia, die prachtig, doch ZEER kritisch werk leveren, ja soms zelfs héél sceptisch... Voor Nederland kan je de mooie site bezoeken van Paul Harmans. Een mooie site met veel informatie en artikels. MUFON of het Mutual UFO Network Inc is een Amerikaanse UFO-vereniging met afdelingen in alle USA-staten en diverse landen. MUFON's mission is the analytical and scientific investigation of the UFO- Phenomenon for the benefit of humanity... Je kan ook hun site bekijken onder Ze geven een maandeliiks tijdschrift uit, namelijk The MUFON UFO-Journal. Since 02/01/2013 is Pieter not only president (=voorzitter) of BUFON, but also National Director MUFON / Flanders and the Netherlands. We work together with the French MUFON Reseau MUFON/EUROP.
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Researchers Find ‘Advanced’ 320,000-Year-Old Human Tools In Kenya

    Researchers Find ‘Advanced’ 320,000-Year-Old Human Tools In Kenya

    This evidence of early innovation pushes back the human evolutionary timeline, effectively rewriting history and everything we knew about our ancestors. This also means that complex human cultures are much older than previously thought.

    An international group of scientists has discovered that more than 320,000 years ago, humans were much more developed than initially thought.

    The new discovery proves how ancient people developed impressive social structures and technological innovations used color pigments and manufactured more sophisticated tools than previously thought.

    Image Credit: Human Origins Program, Smithsonian

    As noted by the Smithsonian, these newly discovered activities approximately date to the oldest known fossil record of Homo sapiens and occur tens of thousands of years earlier than previous evidence has shown in eastern Africa.

    Evidence for mankind’s ancient milestones originates from the Olorgesailie Basin in southern Kenya, where experts have excavated an archaeological site that offers an unprecedented record of early human life spanning more than a million years.

    Archeologists say that many of the tools discovered on the site were crafted from obsidian – a hard, dark, glass-like volcanic rock.

    In addition to the numerous tools, experts also found that ancient cultures used color pigments much sooner than previously thought.

    The new findings are reported in three different studies published in the journal Science. The papers suggest that trading of different artifacts emerged during a period of tremendous environmental upheaval in the region when earthquakes ravaged the area and temperatures, and the climate, in general, fluctuated between wet and dry periods.

    The Excavation site in Kenya.

    Image credit: Human Origins Program, Smithsonian

    “This change to a very sophisticated set of behaviors that involved greater mental abilities and more complex social lives may have been the leading edge that distinguished our lineage from other early humans,” said Dr Rick Potts, director of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History’s human origins program in the United States, and author of one of the three studies.

    Experts say that trading networks, early communication, and technological innovation helped ancient people survive by obtaining all necessary resources they needed through crafting or trading.

    Dr. Potts notes that first evidence of human life in the Olorgesailie Basin dates back to around 1.2 million years ago.

    There, for hundreds of thousands of years, people living in the region used large stone-cutting tools called handaxes. In addition to being used as tools, researchers have found evidence that some were also used as projectile weapons, while others were shaped into tools to craft and sculpt wood.

    Then, in 2002, researchers discovered smaller, more carefully shaped tools in the Olorgesailie Basin.

    Using isotopic dating, researchers found that the tools were incredibly old; between 320,000 and 305,000 years ago. These tools, researchers note, were carefully crafted and were more specialized than the all-purpose handaxes.

    Furthermore, experts found that the smaller, more sophisticated handaxes were crafted from a wide range of obsidian, not found locally, but up to 90 kilometers away.

    The Smithsonian team found small stone points (above) made of non-local obsidian at their Middle Stone Age sites. 

    Image credit: Human Origins Program, Smithsonian

    In addition, experts discovered black and red rocks, evidence that the rocks had been ‘processed’ for use as a coloring material.

    “We don’t know what the coloring was used on, but the coloring is often taken by archaeologists as the root of complex symbolic communication. Just as color is used today in clothing or flags to express identity, these pigments may have helped people communicate membership in alliances and maintain ties with distant groups.”

    After integrating data from a variety of sources, researchers wanted to understand what may have driven such changes in early human behavior. Their findings suggest that the period when these changes appeared was one of changing landscapes and climate, and resources would have been extremely scarce.

    Scientists discovered that geological, geochemical, paleobotanical and faunal evidence indicates that an extended period of climate instability affected the region, beginning approximately 360,000 years ago.

    Source: Scientists Discover Evidence of Early Human Innovation, Pushing Back Evolutionary Timeline

    Featured image credit: Human Origins Program, Smithsonian }

    20-03-2018 om 00:56 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Easter Island—And Its Iconic Moai Statues Are Disappearing

    Easter Island—And Its Iconic Moai Statues Are Disappearing

    Thousands of years ago, an ancient culture discovered the island in the middle of the vast sea. They created a civilization that built more than 1100 Moai statues, many of which were raised kilometers from the quarries with methods that have still captivated scientists. Now, the Island, as well as its enigmatic Moai Statues could disappear from history.

    The famous Moai Statues.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    The Easter Island civilization collapsed centuries ago, but their legacy lives on through the countless statues that make it clear how powerful it once was. Scholars believe the Island was inhabited from 300 to 400 AD onward.

    Now, experts warn that Easter Island and its enigmatic history, shrouded in countless mysteries, may soon disappear under rising oceans, becoming the latest victim of climate change.

    According to experts, in the last few years, ocean waves have begun reaching dozens of ancient Moai statues that were placed strategically hundreds of years ago.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock

    Troubling times await the island as scientists from the UN have warned that the statues could be engulfed by waves, as sea levels are predicted to rise at least by six feet by the year 2100.

    The enigmatic statues, a trademark of Easter Island are believed to have been carved around between 1100 and 1680. Scientists are worried that rising sea levels will erode the island, putting its archaeological treasures at great risk.

    No one knows exactly how the ancient culture managed to transport the massive statues into position. But that’s not the only mystery. Scholars still do not know why during the decades after the island was ‘rediscovered’ by Europeans, each statue was systematically topped, nor do we know for sure how the population of Rapa Nui islanders was decimated.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock

    This worrying news was documented by Nicholas Casey, correspondent of The New York Times in the Andean region, and Josh Haner, photographer of the Times, as they traveled approximately 3600 kilometers from the coast of Chile to observe how the ocean is eroding the monuments of the island.

    “You feel an impotency in this, to not be able to protect the bones of your own ancestors,” Camilo Rapu, the head of the indigenous organization that controls Rapa Nui National Park on the island told Mr. Casey. “It hurts immensely.”

    Archeologists believe that the hundreds of statues present on Easter Island represent the ancestors of the culture that built them. It is believed that the Polynesians discovered Easter Island around 1,000 years ago.

    This island is considered as one of the most remote islands on the surface of the planet. The Island belongs to Chile, which is located some 3,500 kilometers away. A pretty long trip a thousand years ago, don’t you think?

    But Easter Island isn’t the only island in danger due to rising ocean levels. According to scientists, many other low-lying Pacific Islands are feeling the effects of climate change and rapid increase in sea levels.

    The Marshall Islands and Kiribati coral atolls north of Fiji are on the list of places that are at risk of being devoured by the ocean.

    Easter Island is home to nearly 900 Moai statues averaging four meters in height. Their most important and prominent statues are located on the coast. Scientists warn that three of the main Moai statues, Tongariki, Anakena, and Akahanga are at risk of being eroded by rising seas, scientists warn. }

    16-03-2018 om 18:28 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ARCHEOLOGIE ( E, Nl, Fr )
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The Mystery Behind Ancient Stargates And Portals

    The Mystery Behind Ancient Stargates And Portals

    Is it possible that portals, mysterious ‘cosmic bridges’ to other points in the universe exist on Earth?

    Do these portals lead to other galaxies and extraterrestrial civilizations? While this may sound like nothing more than a conspiracy, or tinfoil material, the truth is that many ancient civilizations firmly believed in such things being possible, and many oral legends exist until today, that recount stories of stargates and portals.

    A ‘natural stargate’ is similar to an Einstein-Rosen bridge or ‘wormhole’ which has been theorized to form when space-time is distorted by the intense gravitational fields generated by collapsing stars.


    At a singularity point, time would stop as it stretches to infinity as predicted by Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity

    This would make it possible for anyone able to survive even briefly, the intense gravitational fields accompanying a singularity point, to emerge into whatever future date they desired. 

    Physicists consider it to be theoretically possible for an Einstein-Rosen bridge to form wherein one could even travel back and forth in time. 

    So a singularity point, at least in theory, offers a means to travel forward or backward in time. 

    Hierapolis was an ancient city in southwestern Anatolia

    Its ruins are adjacent to modern Pamukkale in Turkey and currently comprise an archaeological museum designated as a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site.

    In March 2013, Italian archaeologists announced that they had unearthed something the ancient Greeks described as a gateway to Hell.

    Ancient mankind was fascinated with the underworld. Both the Greeks and the Romans were connected with the realm of Hades and Pluto.

    Written history tells the story of travelers who were able to journey to these mysterious places, and access them somehow, allowing them to travel among the Gods.

    But… where are these places? And are they anything more than a myth?

    Pluto’s Gate

    Pluto’s gate was considered so sacred that only high priests were allowed anywhere near it.

    These priests were said to have worshiped a powerful goddess known as Cybele.

    Cybele is known as the guardian of the gateways, and ancient legends suggest that needed permission from Cybele to move through time and space.

    Iconographically, she is often portrayed as standing next to the gate to the other world.

    Pluto’s gate is just one of the many mysterious sites described through human history that lead to fascinating and “shocking” places. But perhaps even more interesting is the fact that there are countless stories similar to this one.

    In many instances, these gates did not only grant instant passage outside our own planet but even beyond space and time.

    And according to countless myths, these passages were traversed by otherworldly beings.

    Throughout the history of mankind, we know of many stories and legends (even creation myths) of advanced beings who somehow, came from the stars. These beings were referred to as star beings or Gods.

    These mysterious star beings are often described as passing through portals or star doors, hence the definition of Stargate.

    But is this only a myth or where ancient cultures onto something?

    Can we find evidence of portals and stargates existing on Earth?

    According to several authors, a number of locations across the planet exist where ancient cultures built ‘portals and stargates.’

    But why would ancient civilizations build portals or stargates? Is it because the gods came to them through similar gates? Or, as some authors suggest, are these construction the result of ancient man’s imagination?

    Or is there something more to these mysterious Stargates.

    Could the Ploutonion be an ancient stargate? A location on Earth that allowed multidimensional traveling, protected by mysterious priests who possessed technology and knowledge far beyond our own today.

    Let’s travel to South America.

    At Machu Picchu in Peru located in the Andes mountains, we find the most famous Inca ruins we know of.

    Hidden away in the southwestern corner of what archaeologists believe was the site’s main plaza we find the Temple of Three Windows.

    The temple of the three windows is a stone hall 35 feet long and 14 feet wide containing three trapezoidal windows along one wall.

    Written texts indicate that the Three Windows were perfectly aligned to let June solstice sunrise come right in at a nearly perfect angle. The building was erected so that the entire structure is oriented to receive the first light as it comes over the mountains through the three windows at the summer solstice, a symbol representing the Incan creation myth.


    According to Inca history, the children of the sun god Viracocha stepped into the world through three mysterious openings in a mountain and gave rise to the Incan civilization.

    This ancient legend tells that the Ayar Brothers came down through three portals – the windows, to create the Inca people. Furthermore, the temple at Machu Picchu with three windows is said to represent this mysterious event.

    Could this event describe ancient stargate technology for otherworldly visitors coming to Peru?

    Through these three windows?

    Could this be a description of Stargate travel taking place thousands of years ago?

    Is there a mysterious connection between the temple of the Three Windows and the Ploutonion?

    But does science back up the theory of Stargates and portals? Or are these ideas nothing more than creation myths created by ancient cultures thousands of years ago?

    While working at the Institute for Advanced Study, researchers Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen publish a groundbreaking idea which brought Portals and Stargates a step closer to reality.

    The scientific duo came to the conclusion that the Theory of Relativity allows for shortcuts across the space-time continuum.

    These routes, more commonly referred to as Einstein-Rosen bridges or “Wormholes” have the ability to connect two distant locations, making travel to the most remote stars in the universe a possibility within reach.

    Featured image credit: Leon Tukker }

    16-03-2018 om 00:45 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Here Are 10 Of The Most Remarkable Ancient Temples Ever Built On Earth

    Here Are 10 Of The Most Remarkable Ancient Temples Ever Built On Earth

    Thousands of years ago, ancient cultures around the globe erected some of the most amazing structures on the surface of the planet.

    Using incredible knowledge of mathematics, astronomy, engineering, and architecture, ancient people created truly wonderous monuments to stand the test of time.

    Some of these structures are engulfed in mystery, as they defy everything we have been taught about ancient cultures.

    From laser-like cuts to supermassive blocks of stone weighing up to one hundred tons, these incredible ancient structures prove that our ancestors were far more advanced than what we are crediting them for.

    Join me on this journey while I explore ten of the most remarkable temples ever built on Earth.

    The Konark Sun Temple. 

    This ancient temple located in Orissa, India was built by King Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty in 1255 CE.

    The wheel by Raj Rath on

    I find this temple beyond stunning as it features a number of intricate design details that will make your jaw drop.

    The temple itself was shaped like a gigantic chariot, but its breathtaking design elements are the smaller ones, like the elaborately carved stone wheels, pillars, and walls. A major part of the structure is now in ruins.

    Another temple, perhaps equally stunning is the so-called Brihadeeswarar Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and commissioned by Raja Raja Chola I. The temple was completed in 1010 CE. This temple is located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. One of its most prominent features is the massive 40-meter-high Vimana—one of the largest in the world. The entire temple was built out of granite, and scholars have calculated that the ancients used more than 130,000 tons in its construction.

    Brihadeeswarar Temple by Elangovan Subramanian on

    The Prambanan temple compound, home to 240 rocket-like structures. This ancient temple compound is believed to have been erected during the 9th century under the Sanjaya dynasty of the first Kingdom of Mataram in the Central Java region. Prambanan is considered the most significant Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. The stunning rocket-like structures are characterized by its tall and pointed architecture style, which, according to historians, are typical of Hindu architecture and by a towering 47-meter-high central building inside a large complex of individual temples.

    Prambanan Temple by dimas danny satria on

    One of my favorite ancient temples is located in ElloraMaharashtra, India. This ancient wonder of the world is considered the largest rock-cut temple on the surface of the planet.

    The Kailasanatha temple (Cave 16) is one of the 34 cave temples and monasteries are known collectively as the Ellora Caves.  Its construction is generally attributed to the 8th-century Rashtrakuta king Krishna I in 756-773 CE.

    Etched In Stone by Himanish Goswami on

    From India, we travel to Egypt. There, in the land of the Pharaohs, we come across the Temple of Dendera, an ancient monument built to honor the Goddess Hathor.

    Curiously, this temple, located a mere 2.5 km southeast of Dendera, is one of the best preserved Egyptian complexes, especially its central temple, thanks to which it remained buried by sand and mud until it was unearthed by Auguste Mariette in the middle of the 19th century.

    Dendera Temple Complex, Egypt by Roxanne Shewchuk on

    The Temple of Dendera features a mysterious relief that some authors claim depicts a massive lightbulb used by the ancients Egyptians, suggesting that thousands of years ago, the ancient Egyptians had access to advanced technologies like electricity.

    Egypt has a number of ancient temples that are worth mentioning, and I can’t exclude Khafre’s Valley Temple from this article.

    This ancient temple is one of the most curious temples in Egypt mostly because of the enigmatic ‘bent’ stones that lie inside the temple. It features supermassive blocks of stones, some exceeding 150 tons in weight, and design elements that eerily resemble elements found halfway around the world, in Peru.

    The Giant Pyramid-temple of Borobudur. This magnificent ancient structure is considered the largest Pyramid-shaped Buddhist monument in the world, but it is also one of the most intricately designed structures on the surface of the planet. mainstream scholars have no idea who erected it, what its original purpose was, nor how on earth it was built.

    Borobudur by Henk Langerak on

    A few people are aware of the fact that hidden deep inside the desert region in Peru, more than 5,000 years ago, an ancient civilization erected magnificent temples and pyramids.

    An Aerial view of Caral. Image Credit: Turandino

    The Pyramids and temples of Peru are believed to predate the Pyramids of the Giza plateau by at least 500 years and were erected by the Caral people.

    From Peru me journey to the Temple of the Sun or (Coricancha, Koricancha, Qoricancha or Qorikancha), the main Inca Sanctuary. Its internal walls, embedded and molded with millimetric precision, surprise even more when it is known that during the Inca Empire they were not ‘naked’, but that all the walls of the temple, according to Garcilaso de la Vega who wrote about Coricancha in the late sixteenth century, “were covered from top to bottom with massive gold planks.”

    Image Credit: Shutterstock

    The Temple of the Sun (Coricancha) is part of a beautiful complex composed of several temples.

    And last but not least, we travel to Cambodia.

    There, in the city of Angkor Thom lie the ruins of the temple complex of 200-smiling-facesThe Bayon Temple.

    Four-faced towers in Prasat Bayon, Angkor Thom, Angkor, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Siem Reap,... by robertharding on

    Built at the end of the 12th century, it was completed during the reign of Jayavarman VII. It was created in Buddhist style. The temple is oriented towards the east, and so its buildings are set back to the west inside enclosures elongated along the east-west axis. It is best known for its 54 towers and more than two hundred Buddha faces which give off a sensation as if they were staring at you with a relaxed, calm, and beatific look.

    Featured image credit: Shutterstock }

    15-03-2018 om 00:56 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.(Fact Check) The Great Pyramid Of Giza Contains Enough Stone To Build Wall Around Earth

    (Fact Check) The Great Pyramid Of Giza Contains Enough Stone To Build Wall Around Earth

    That sounds just ludicrous, doesn’t it? But is it crazy?

    You’d be surprised by the answer.

    The Great Pyramid of Giza hides many secrets. In fact, despite the fact that it was (according to mainstream scholars) built some four thousand years ago, we have still not unraveled all its mysteries.

    The Great Pyramid of Giza.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    Thousands of years ago, the Great Pyramid of Giza was erected in modern-day Egypt.

    The result? A stunning ancient monument home to many mysteries, yet few answers.

    Despite having studied, researched and explored the pyramid for centuries, mainstream scholars have been unable to understand how the builders of the structure managed to erect such a precise monument, thousands of years ago, without the use of modern tools and technologie

    An even greater mystery is how the Pyramid’s builders erected what was long considered as the most accurately aligned structure in existence, facing true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error.

    However, not only is this ancient monument one of the most accurately aligned buildings on the surface of the planet, there are countless other details that make it even more stunning.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    Did you now that, somehow, thousands of years ago, the ancient builders of the Pyramid used more than 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 50 tons each to build a structure that would stand the test of time?

    If that fact did not arouse your curiosity, did you know that the base of the pyramid covers 55,000 m2? And that the outer mantle was composed of 144,000 casing stones, all of them highly polished and flat to an accuracy of 1/100th of an inch, about 100 inches thick and weighing approximately 15 tons each?

    Stunning characteristics of a structure built thousands of years ago

    However, did you know that the Great Pyramid of Giza contains enough stone to build a wall around the Earth?

    Yeah, it’s not fake news, not craziness, and not me trying to write up a cool article, all of my articles are cool. So yeah after this claim, you’d ask… where’s the proof?

    Show me proof.


    Let’s get the facts straight.

    The height of the Great Pyramid is 139 meters. The Great Pyramid has a width of 230m.

    Our planet’s circumference is 40,075,000m.

    2 feet in meters: 0.6096m

    So, the volume of the Pyramid is:

    2302 * 139 * (1/3) = 2,451,033 m3 = 2.4 x106 m3

    Suppose the width of the wall is X m.

    Then, the volume of the wall is: (40,075,000 * 0.6096) * X = 24,429,720 * X m3 ~ 24×106 * X m3

    Now since 2.4×106 / 24×106 = 0.1, we have that, for the statement to be true, the width of the wall must be no wider than 10cm or about 0.33 feet. Source

    There’s another one, source, Reddit:

    The volume of the Pyramid: ~91,227,778 ft3

    The circumference of Earth = Length of Wall: 131.48 * 106 ft

    The height of the Wall: 2 ft

    The volume of Pyramid / (Circumference of Earth * Height of Wall) = Width of Wall

    91,227,778 / (131.48*106 * 2) = 0.35 ft = ~10cm


    The radius of the earth: 20.9*106 ft

    The radius of the top part of the wall: 20.9*106 + 2 ft

    Cross section area of the wall: pi * ( (20.9 * 106)2 – (20.9 * 106 + 2)2 )

    The volume of the Pyramid / Cross section area of wall = Wall thickness

    91,227,778 / (pi * (20.9 * 106 + 2)2 – ( 20.9 * 106 )2 ) = .35 ft

    Meaning that there is, in fact, enough stone in the Great Pyramid of Giza to build a 2ft high wall around the earth that is 10cm (.35ft) thick. }

    13-03-2018 om 00:27 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.This Is The Ancient Rock Fortress Of Sigiriya, The Eight Ancient Wonder Of The World

    This Is The Ancient Rock Fortress Of Sigiriya, The Eight Ancient Wonder Of The World

    At an altitude of 200 meters, on the top of a massive column of rock lie the magnificent ancient ruins of a temple reaching for the stars.

    Located in the northern Matale District near the town of Dambullain in Sri Lanka lie the enigmatic ruins of an ancient rock fortress. Near-vertical walls soar to a flat-topped summit that is said to house the ruins of an ancient civilization, thought to be once the epicenter of the short-lived kingdom of Kassapa.

    Amilia Tennakoon / CC By 2.0

    According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavamsa, it is believed to have been built by King Kasyapa, between 477 – 495 CE.

    Erected on the massive rock, the temple and its surroundings were meticulously decorated with colorful frescoes in the distant past.

    The history of the temple and the times that predate it are surrounded by rich history and magnificent ancient legends.

    Said to be the Alakamandava, or the City of the Gods built up before 50 centuries ago by King Kubera who was the half-brother of Ravana (Ravan) as described in the Ramayanaya, Lal Sirinivas and Mirando Obesekara described Sigiriya as a post-historical archeology turning point of Ravana.

    A stunning view of the Lion’s Rock.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    Despite having a rich history dating back to around 495 CE, researchers have found evidence of human occupation nearly five thousand years ago during the Mesolithic Period.

    Today’s tourists are welcomed by enormous lion paws about halfway up the side of this rock. The name of this place is derived from this structure —Sīhāgiri, the Lion Rock.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    As noted by geologists, the Sigiriya rock is a remnant of an eruption of hardened magma of an extinct and long-eroded volcano.

    It stands out above the surrounding plain, visible in kilometers from all directions.

    Aerial view of the rock fortress.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    The temple was built on a surface that according to many appears to have been cut clean.

    Standing as evidence of ancient man’s ingenuity, the ancient rock fortress offers a rich history with is more than enough to impress every single visitor, offering a breathtaking view of the ingenuity and creativity of the builders.

    The upper palace, located on top of the rock, still has cisterns cut into the rock, where you can still find water.

    The pits and walls that surround the lower palace are richly ornamented.

    An aerial view of the Rock Fortress.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    After the death of its builder, King Kasyapa, it remained a monastic complex until the fourteenth century, after which it was entirely abandoned.

    In 1831 Major Jonathan Forbes of the 78th Highlanders of the British army, while returning on horseback from a trip to Pollonnuruwa, encountered the “bush covered summit of Sigiriya”.

    The Sigiri inscriptions were deciphered by the archaeologist Paranavithana who published a renowned work in two volumes, in Oxford, known as “Sigiri glyphs”.

    “I am Budal [the writer’s name]. Came with hundreds of people to see Sigiriya. Since all the others wrote poems, I did not!”

    Paranavithana wrote the popular book “History of Sigiriya”.

    Featured image credit: }

    13-03-2018 om 00:10 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Ancient civilisation used sound energy to 'LEVITATE and contact aliens' – shock claim

    Ancient civilisation used sound energy to 'LEVITATE and contact aliens' – shock claim

    ARCHAEOLOGICAL findings suggest previous civilisations used circular structures as energy-generating devices to create man-made portals in time, according to boffins online

    By Callum Hoare 

    The research – which extended over a two-year period – suggested that human beings from thousands of years ago produced natural sound harmonic frequencies produced from the surface of the Earth.

    In the clip, the narrator explains that the Sumerian civilisation may have inhabited parts of southern Africa thousands of years ago.

    The Sumers are one of the earliest known civilisations known to walk the Earth.

    They are said to date back to 3,000BC.

    Shock claim that ancient civilisation used sound energy to contact aliens


    ALIEN CONTACT: Could previous civilisations spoken with extraterrestrial beings

    The technology they apparently used is said to be similar to the way we use laser technology today.

    Some of the frequencies recorded are believed to reach more than 380 gigahertz – much greater than any levels used today.

    The discovery has left many confused as to what this previous society could possibly have done with the energy they created and whether they could have possibly known more about our planet than we do today.

    The video was uploaded to YouTube channel UFOmania yesterday, and has already racked up more than 5000 hits.

    And viewers suggested that previous societies have been in contact with extraterrestrial life.

    One comment read: “Sound is one of the most abundant forms of free energy on the planet.

    “It is the primordial source of all things and is the common denominator of all creation.

    “With that being said, if an extraterrestrial race wanted to harvest energy from the planet, it could create such energy with sound.

    “Sound was used as energy to levitate objects in order to create the monuments that opened vortices which allowed spacecraft to come and go."

    And another added: “I always thought that many ancient rock carvings show a spiral, which could be some kind of sound wave.

    “This is something they can only draw and couldn't put into words.

    “Many petroglyphs around the world show a spiral of some kind I think it's some kind of sound energy that we cannot understand at this point in time.” }

    12-03-2018 om 17:26 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.10 Of The Most Mysterious Discoveries Made On Earth

    10 Of The Most Mysterious Discoveries Made On Earth

    The history of our planet is full of incredible mysteries. The more we search and research, the more mysteries we uncover. And despite the fact that archaeologists and scientists work hard to figure everything out, we know very little about our past.

    As Best Selling author Graham Hancock has said, we are a species with amnesia.

    Proof of this are the countless discoveries that have been made throughout the years, which question our beliefs, the4 fundaments of society, and capabilities of ancient civilizations.

    Here, in this article, we bring you some of the most inexplicable, and history-challenging discoveries that have been made on Earth.

    Aerial view of Sacsayhuaman.

    1. Sacsayhuamán

    Sacsayhuamán is without a doubt one of the most incredible ancient sites ever discovered on the planet. Why? Not only because of the history of this ancient city but because of the supermassive stones used in its construction.

    The ceremonial complex is well-known for its impeccable masonry that is so precise that engineers today have no clue how it was made.

    Some of the stones at Sacsayhuamán are so perfectly fitted that not a single sheet of paper can fit in between.

    The Gate of the Sun.

    Image credit: Shutterstock.

    2. The Gate of The Sun ( Puerta del Sol)

    The Gate of the Sun is a megalithic solid stone arch or gateway located in Tiwanaku, an ancient mysterious city located in Bolivia.

    Archaeologists believe this ancient city was the center of a vast empire during the first millennium AD.

    And despite the fact that we know a lot about South American ancient civilizations, researchers are still not able to figure out the meaning of some of the drawings that are enshrined in the monuments of the ancient city.

    Some experts believe these depictions have a great astrological and astronomical value, while other authors believe it is a gateway to another world.

    The interior of the Longyou caves.

    3. The Longyou Caves

    The Longyou Caves are out of this world. This incredible set of caves is little talked about.

    The Longyou Caves are a set of artificial caves that are believed to be at least 2000 years old and happen to be one of the largest structures ever excavated by man.

    Researchers have been baffled by the size and precision of the caves.

    Archaeologists, engineers, architects, and geologists from around the world have tried to figure out how, why and when were these artificial caves were built, but no one has offered a single solution to the many mysteries surrounding the caves.

    Some argue that this ancient complex is a natural wonder.

    4. The underwater city of Yonaguni – Japan

    Referred to as Japans Atlantis, some authors argue the Yonaguni complex is an ancient monument left behind by an ancient civilization that existed on Earth before the last Ice Age.

    These alleged ancient remains were discovered accidentally by scuba instructor Khachiro Arataki.

    Some underwater archaeologists, as well as many authors, refer to this ancient complex as one of the most important underwater discoveries in recent years.

    The discovery of the Yonaguni complex has questioned several scientific theories.

    The incredibly carved rock sank is believed to have sunken more than 12,000 years ago, much before the Ancient Egyptians built the Pyramids.

    Mainstream archaeology and science argue that no advanced civilizations existed on Earth before the last Ice Age and that ancient mankind was not able to carve such a complex structure.

    Mohenjo-Daro archaeological site.

    Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

    5. Mohenjo-Daro

    The archaeological site of Mohenjo Daro is considered by many ancient astronaut theorists as one of the best examples of ancient alien contact.

    The destruction of this once great city has been a mystery for archaeologists and experts for decades.

    Ancient Astronaut theorists claim that thousands of years ago, advanced alien civilizations visited Earth, and nuclear bombs were used to destroy this city.

    The city was discovered in 1992 when Indian archaeologist R. Banardzhi found the ancient ruins on the banks of the Indus River.

    Questions such as the cause of the destruction and the fate of its inhabitants remain a mystery to scholars.

    Some researchers have postulated theories that this city was destroyed by the gods, with “advanced nuclear weapons.”

    The underground city of Derinkuyu.

    Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    6. The underground city of Derinkuyu

    Another incredible feat of ancient engineering. Thousands of years ago, ancient people excavated hundreds of meters into the Earth, building one of the greatest ancient underground cities on Earth.

    This incredible underground city has challenged the views and theories of archaeologists and engineers ever since its discovery.

    Many mysteries engulf this underground city. No one has been able to understand why and how it was built.

    While some authors indicate it was created to protect its inhabitants from climate change, extreme temperatures or even war, there are others who believe that its purpose is far more mysterious.

    The elaboration of the spheres began around 300 AD.

    7. Giant Stone Spheres

    These giant stone spheres have been present from Costa Rica to Bosnia & Herzegovina, they come in all sorts of sizes. They were first found in South America in the 1930’s by workers who were clearing jungle to make way for a plantation of bananas.

    South American legends say that hidden within the rocks are unimaginable treasures. This has led to the destruction of many of these spheres by people who did not recognize their historical value. Despite the fact that many of these spheres were destroyed, no one has ever found anything inside them. Similar spheres can be found in Europe in Bosnia & Herzegovina near Visoko.

    No one can explain what these giant stone spheres are made for.

    Many researchers believe that there are several pieces of evidence pointing towards the existence of highly advanced ancient civilizations that existed on Earth millions of years ago.

    8. 14 million-year-old vehicle tracks

    According to a researcher called Dr. Koltypin, millions of years ago advanced technologies existed on Earth, and the traces we see in the above image were left behind by vehicles 14 million years ago

    As noted by Russian Geologists, these mysterious traces are at least 14 million old and were left behind by “vehicles” that belonged to a currently “unknown ancient civilization” that inhabited our planet in the past.

    Many researchers believe that we are not the first society to rule over this planet. In fact, a number of authors have claimed that many other advanced civilizations called this planet home in the past.

    According to Dr. Koltypin and many other archaeologists, which have adopted new ways of thinking, these ancient “car tracks” are one of the best-preserved pieces of evidence which undoubtedly prove the existence of highly advanced ancient civilizations that inhabited our planet in the distant past.

    The mysterious Natural Nuclear Reactor.

    9. 2 billion-year-old Natural Nuclear Reactor

    In 1972, researchers confirmed the discovery of a set of Natural Nuclear Reactors in Gabon. Ever since, scientists have scratched their heads trying to understand how it is possible that these nuclear reactors developed in Gabon two billion years ago, and did not come into existence at any other place on the Planet.

    As claimed by experts, more than two billion years ago, parts of the African uranium deposit spontaneously underwent nuclear fission. According to scientists, this mysterious “natural” nuclear reactor had the ability to produce modest energy. Scientists estimate the Oklo reactors would have had samples with roughly 3.6% uranium-235 — that’s close to the enrichment threshold of modern nuclear reactors.

    10. A Massive knife discovered underwater

    Not much can be found about this mysterious image.

    We see a massive knife, held by three scuba drivers somewhere on Earth’s ocean.

    The image has been widely sharde among people on social networks, and many consider it evidnece that, before written history, perhaps tens of thousands of years ago, giants walked on Earth. }

    10-03-2018 om 22:05 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.500 Million-Year-Old Human Footprint Fossil Baffles Scientists

    Image result for 500 Million-Year-Old Human Footprint Fossil Baffles Scientists

    500 Million-Year-Old Human Footprint Fossil Baffles Scientists

    An ancient trilobite was stepped on by a someone wearing shoes hundreds of millions of years ago.

    In the summer of 1968, an amateur fossil collector, William J. Meister, made the discovery of a lifetime 43 miles west of Delta, Utah. To his surprise he found a fossilized human footprint about the size of a US 13 shoe (3.5″W x 10.25″L) stepping on a trilobite. Now, trilobites only existed between 260 to 600 million years ago, so this makes it the oldest human fossil footprint ever discovered!

    Related image

    Human footprint stepped on by a dinosaur proving their coexistence. I'm clear that

    Trilobites were small marine invertebrates related to crabs and shrimps. Scientists currently think humans emerged 1 or 2 million years ago and only began wearing such shoes a few thousand years ago.

    This archaeological discovery could be sufficient to overturn all conventionally accepted ideas of human and geological evolution. According to science’s currently accepted timeline of human existence on this planet, humans advanced enough to wear shoes would not have existed hundreds of millions of years ago. As one might expect, this sent shockwaves throughout the scientific communities with excitement for a new paradigm shift as well as skeptical denial.

    Meister took the rock to a professor of metallurgy at the University of Utah, Melvin Cook, who suggested he show it to the university’s geologists. But none of the geologists were willing to examine it, so Meister took it to a local newspaper called The Deseret News and quickly became very well-known around the country.

    This amazing find was presented on March 1, 1973 in a creation-evolution debate at California State University in Sacramento. The creationist team included Dr. Duane Gish of the Institute for Creation Research and Reverend Boswell of a local Sacramento church. The scientific team consisted of Dr. Richard Lemmon of the University of California at Berkeley and Dr. G. Ledyard Stebbins of the University of California at Davis. Reverend Boswell said:

    I have here something that pretty much destroys the entire geological column. It has been studied by three laboratories around the world and it’s been tested and found valid. It represents a footprint that was found at Antelope Springs, Utah, while digging for trilobites.

    The man was digging for trilobites, and these are trilobites here and here embedded [pointing to photo]. This is a brick mold of a trilobite footprint [laughter] of a human footprint with a trilobite in it. The man stepped on a living trilobite, [thus burying] him in the mud. This particular strata is dated Cambrian, supposedly 500 million years extinct before man arrived on the face of the earth. The interesting thing about this photograph is that there is also heel marks, which would indicate that they were made by modern man.”

    In a news conference, the skeptical curator of the Museum of Earth Science at the University of Utah, James Madsen, dismissively said: “There were no men 600 million years ago. Neither were there monkeys or bears or ground sloths to make pseudo-human tracks. What man-thing could possibly have been walking about on this planet before vertebrates even evolved?”

    Another astonishing trilobite fossil discovery was made in Antelope Spring, Arizona on July 20, 1968 by Dr. Clifford Burdick, a consulting geologist from Tucson, Arizona. He found an impression of a child’s foot in a bed of shale.

    ‘The impression was about six inches in length, with the toes spreading as if the child had never yet worn shoes, which compress the toes. There does not appear to be much of an arch, and the big toe is not prominent.’

    This was shown to two geologists and a paleontologist. One geologist agreed it seemed to belong to a human being, but the paleontologist’s opinion was that no biological agent had been involved. Dr.Burdick affirmed:

    The rock chanced to fracture along the front of the toes before the fossil footprint was found. On cross section the fabric of the rock stands out in fine laminations, or bedding planes. Where the toes pressed into the soft material, the laminations were bowed downward from the horizontal, indicating a weight that had been pressed into the mud.”

    Mr. Meister claimed that when he had a geologist examine the print, the geologist offered him $250,000 for the print. Meister asked him, “What are you going to do with it if I sell it to you?” The geologist replied, “I’m going to destroy it, it destroys my entire life work as a geologist.”

    It’s disappointing to think that some people would be willing to destroy such a monumental artifact that can reveal such a new perspective on our human heritage and origins.

    Respected archaeological researcher, Michael Cremo, has written books on the subject of such examples of ancient artifacts and he has learned that certain scientific institutions, like the Smithsonian Institution, make great efforts to maintain the concept of recent human evolution. He has documented several instances where they deny, defame, and even exile archeologists for publishing their findings for peer review.

    In defense of the dates obtained by the geologists, Virginia Steen-McIntyre wrote in a letter (March 30, 1981) to Estella Leopold, associate editor of Quaternary Research: “The problem as I see it is much bigger than Hueyatlaco. It concerns the manipulation of scientific thought through the suppression of ‘Enigmatic Data,’ data that challenges the prevailing mode of thinking.

    Can you imagine the implications of mankind around the world learning or realizing we are hundreds of millions of years older than we thought and that we have been far more advanced than even we are today? The questions and answers beyond this metaphoric opened doorway could cause a rippling paradigm shift worldwide.

    Image result for 500 Million-Year-Old Human Footprint Fossil Baffles Scientists

    During one interview, Michael Cremo said:

    The reactions in your question are typical of a group that I call the fundamentalist Darwinists. They support the theory of evolution not for purely scientific reasons, but because it confirms their prior commitments to a strict materialism. They do not want to hear me, and they do not want anyone else to hear me, so they say those kinds of things. Sometimes they try to stop me from lecturing at universities.”

    Those really seeking the truth are open to new information to learn from and examine the scientific findings rationally without bias. We may have to dig deep within ourselves to find the answers to the questions: Who are we? Where did we come from? Why are we here?


    3. }

    10-03-2018 om 17:48 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    There are a lot of theories over mysterious 1,300-year-old fortress-like structure located on island in middle of lake.

    With its island location and towering square walls that were once impenetrable, it looks at first glance to be an ancient fortress or kremlin to keep out enemies. Others believe the 1,300-year-old structure in rural Siberia has more mystical properties and might have been a summer palace, monastery, or even an astronomical observatory.

    Whatever it is, more than a century after it was first explored, archaeologists are no further forward in discovering the secrets of Por-Bajin, who built it or why.

    Most likely constructed in 757 AD, the complex has fascinated and frustrated experts in equal measure since it was located in the middle Tere-Khol, a high-altitude lake in Tuva, in the late 19th century.

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    1,300-year-old structure could be a fortress, summer palace, monastery, or even an astronomical observatory.

    First explored in 1891, with small-scale excavation work later carried out between 1957 and 1963, it was not until 2007 that proper research took place at the site.

    Archaeologists found clay tablets of human feet, faded coloured drawings on the plaster of the walls, giant gates and fragments of burnt wood. But nothing yet has provided a definitive answer as to why the structure was built, and excavation work continues.

    ‘Por-Bajin is legally treated as one of the most mysterious archaeological monuments of Russia,’ says the official website for the complex, about 3,800km from Moscow.

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    Construction materials, and the way the site is laid out, told the experts it was built in a typically Chinese architectural tradition, most likely in the second half of the eight century.

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    More than a century after it was first explored, archaeologists are no further forward in discovering the secrets of Por-Bajin, who built it or why.

    ‘Apparently it was built at the period of the Uighur Khagante nomadic empire (744-840 AD), but it’s not clear what they built a fortress for in such a solitary place, far from big settlements and trade routes. ‘The architecture also produces many questions and it has reminders of a model of an ideal Chinese city-palace.’

    Por-Bajin, which translates as ‘clay house’ in the Tuvan language, is located in the very centre of Eurasia, on the borders of Russia and Mongolia. It sits on a small island in a lake high in the mountains between the Sayan and Altai ranges, about five miles west of the isolated Kungurtuk settlement in southern Siberia.

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    What puzzles the experts, however, is the lack of rudimentary heating systems, particularly given that Por-Bajin sits at 2,300metres above sea level and endures harsh Siberian weather.

    Laser mapping of the site prior to the first major excavation in 2007 helped experts build a 3D model of what the community might have looked like. Despite its age, parts of the structure were well preserved when archaeologists arrived to examine the 3.5 hectare site, with walls clearly visible.

    Outer walls standing 10 metres tall and 12 metres wide formed a rectangular shape, creating what many have interpreted as a protective kremlin-like fortress. A main gate was discovered, opening into two successive courtyards connected by another gate.

    Walls on the inside were smaller, at about one metre-tall, forming the outline of buildings, with a large building in the centre of the site. Some of the walls and panels were covered with lime plaster painted with horizontal red striped.

    The main complex in the inner courtyard had a two-part central structure, one behind the other linked by a covered walkway. It had a tiled roof and was supported by 36 wooden columns resting on stone bases.

    Construction materials, and the way the site is laid out, told the experts it was built in a typically Chinese architectural tradition, most likely in the second half of the eight century.

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    Outer walls standing 10 metres tall and 12 metres wide formed a rectangular shape, creating what many have interpreted as a protective kremlin-like fortress. Photo: 'Por-Bajin Fortress' foundation

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    There is growing evidence it was a community or palace complex centred around a Buddhist monastery. Photo:'Por-Bajin Fortress' foundation

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    'I have been to many places, I have seen many things, but I have never seen anything of the kind,' said Vladimir Putin

    ‘The building was most likely of the post-and-beam construction characteristic of Chinese architecture from the T’ang Dynasty,’ wrote head archaeologist Irina Arzhantseva in a report published in The European Archaeologist in 2011.

    ‘Finds of burnt timber fragments point to the use of the typical Chinese technique of interlocking wooden brackets, called dou-gung. Ramps led down to the two flanking galleries which were roofed, open spaces looking onto the access to the main pavilion.’

    While debate continues about the use of Por-Bajin, there is growing evidence it was a community or palace complex centred around a Buddhist monastery. Certainly, there is an argument that its layout is typical of the palaces of the Buddhist Paradises as depicted in T’ang paintings.

    Books from the era also describe the existence of Uighur towns, extensive building activities, and a transition from a nomadic to sedentary lifestyle. Indeed, there may have been as many of 15 of these settlements in Tuva alone, all square of rectangular shaped and enclosed by walls with a main gate.

    What puzzles the experts, however, is the lack of rudimentary heating systems, particularly given that Por-Bajin sits at 2,300metres above sea level and endures harsh Siberian weather.

    Por-Bajin: Who Built This Summer Palace In Siberia And Why?

    The building was most likely of the post-and-beam construction characteristic of Chinese architecture from the T’ang Dynasty.' Pictures: Irina Arzhantseva, 'Por-Bajin Fortress' foundation

    If anything it suggests that the complex was only ever occupied for a brief period of time, or was used as a seasonal home in the warmer summer months. Some experts even say that the climate, or other natural occurrences in the region, brought occupation of the site to an early end in the 9th century.

    Por-Bajin sits on a bed of permafrost with evidence that the melting of this ice – as a result of warmer temperatures over the past century – has caused not only a destruction of the walls, but a dramatic rise in the depth of the lake water.

    In the 2011 research paper, Irina Arzhantseva wrote: ‘This situation created a two-fold threat to the long-term survival of the site. Thermokarst (melting of the permafrost) seems to undermine the stability of the structures on the site, leading to collapse and decay; and frost fissures are causing constant erosion of the banks of the island to such an extent that it is estimated that the walls will start collapsing into the lake in about 80 years.

    ‘Archaeological and geomorphological fieldwork revealed traces of at least two earthquakes which had accelerated the natural process of deterioration. The first of these seems to have happened already during the construction of the ‘fortress’ in the 8th century.

    ‘It is not yet quite clear how long the buildings survived after the abandonment of the site in the 9th century, but some time after the abandonment there was another catastrophic earthquake which led to fires and to the collapse of the southern and eastern enclosure walls, and destroyed the north-western corner bastion.’

    While debate on its origins will no doubt continue for decades, those who have seen Por-Bajin are all in agreement about its beauty. In fact, in many ways Russian president Vladimir Putin sums it up perfectly.

    ‘I have been to many places, I have seen many things, but I have never seen anything of the kind,’ he said, following a visit to the complex with Prince Albert of Monaco in 2007. Few could argue with that.

    source:siberiantimes }

    09-03-2018 om 13:58 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Who Crafted The 2.8 Billion-Year-Old Klerksdorp Spheres?

    Who Crafted The 2.8 Billion-Year-Old Klerksdorp Spheres?

    2.8 Billion-Year-Old Spheres balanced within one-hundred thousandths of an inch from absolute perfection have created confusion among experts.

    They vary in size from 30 – 50 mm in diameter and have perfectly concentric grooves around the center as if they were molded. Inside the hard “shell” some have a spongy substance, while in others it resembles charcoal.

    Man-Made Artifacts, or the result of mother nature?

    Called the Klerksdorp spheres, the enigmatic artifacts are considered by many authors as the ultimate evidence of pre-human civilizations existing on Earth billions of years ago.

    However, given their controversial age, mainstream scholars argue they are the product of mother nature.

    The Spheroid objects found in Africa date back to a time when humans did not exist on Earth. The mystery objects are elliptical in shape with rough ridges around the center.

    Having curious ‘design’ elements on their surface, some authors have argued that the enigmatic spheres are the result of intelligent design.

    Side view of typical calcareous concretions, which exhibit equatorial grooves, found in Schoharie County, New York. The cube, for scale, is one centimeter cubed.

    Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

    According to Michael Cremo (Michael A. Cremo (born July 15, 1948), also known by his devotional name Drutakarmā dāsa, is an American freelance researcher who identifies himself as a Vedic creationist and an “alternative archaeologist”) and other researchers of prehistoric culture, these spheres add to a body of evidence suggesting intelligent life existed on Earth long before a conventional view of history places it here.

    Suggestions that Earth was inhabited by different lifeforms in the distant past, millions if not billions of years ago, has created countless debate among researchers and authors.

    Tests performed on the spheres have yielded controversial results.

    According to Biblioteca Pleyades, a man called John Hund who acquired one of the spheres took it to the California Space Institute at the University of California in order to find out more about the curious artifacts.

    “It turned out that the balance is so fine, it exceeded the limit of their measuring technology,“ and these are the guys who make gyrocompasses for NASA.

    However, this statement was later subtracted by the California Space Institute which denied that anyone told Hund that the object had the extraordinary properties.

    A Klerksdorp sphere. It is 3 to 4 centimeters in maximum diameter and 2.5 centimeters in thickness.

    Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

    According to their statement, there have been “some error in transmission” and that Hund had completely misunderstood the information regarding these objects.

    The mystery sphere acquired by Hund is balanced to within one-hundred thousandths of an inch from absolute perfection.

    Nobody knows what these stones are.

    One NASA scientist told Hund that they do not have the technology to create anything as finely balanced as this.

    Hund said the only way that either nature or human technology could create something so finely balanced would be in zero gravity.

    A letter from Mr. Hund, made available by Biblioteca Pleyades offers more details about the enigmatic objects:

    The existence of the sphere came to my attention ca 1977 while removing endangered rock engravings from the site where pyrophyllite or “wonderstone”, as it is commonly known in the region, is mined on the farm Gestoptefontein (meaning plugged fountain) near the little village of Ottosdal about 110 km from Klerksdorpin South Africa’s Northwest Province.

    I was intrigued by the form of the spheres, grooves around the middle and the fact that they are as hard as steel, while the material (pyrophyllite) in which they are found, is as soft as limestone with a count of only 3 on the Moh scale. As you probably know, pyrophyllite (Al2 Si4 O10 (OH)2) is a secondary mineral and the deposits were formed by a process of sedimentation. On Gestoptefontein volcanic activity was responsible for the forming of outcrops varying in height from about 10 to 100 meters. The smooth and relatively soft surface on the slopes were ideal for the prehistoric dwellers (San) to make their engravings of animal and abstract designs.

    On Gestoptefontein these outcrops were “swan” into huge pieces by means of twisted steel cables running zig-zag on pulleys for several kilometers. These blocks were then sawn by the same method into more manageable pieces of about 500 x 500 mm. Occasionally the “sawing cable” got stuck on one of the metal spheres embedded in the pyrophyllite.

    They vary in size from 30 – 50 mm in diameter and have perfectly concentric grooves round the center as if they were molded. Inside the hard “shell” some have a spongy substance, while in others it resembles charcoal.

    When only partly embedded so that they can be seen on the surface, they are not all spheres, but some are also oblong in form.

    Andries Bisschoff, a former professor of the University of Potchefstroom argues the curious objects are limonite concretions.

    According to research performed on the spheres, they are found in pyrophyllite a secondary mineral which is quite soft.

    The spheres have a fibrous structure in the interior with a shell around them.

    The spheres are very hard and according to researchers, it is nearly impossible to scratch them.

    According to Roelf Marx, curator if the museum of Klerksdorp, South Africa, the spheres are harder than Steel. }

    09-03-2018 om 12:12 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.What If Plato’s Atlantis Never Sank, What If Atlantis Lifted Off?

    What If Plato’s Atlantis Never Sank, What If Atlantis Lifted Off?

    Atlantis is the name of a mythical island mentioned and described in the dialogues Timeo and Critias, texts written by the Greek philosopher Plato.

    According to everything we know, Atlantis is said to have been a military power that existed nine thousand years before the time of the Athenian legislator Solon, who, according to Plato, is the source of the story.

    Atlantis was said to have been located beyond the Pillars of Hercules and is described as larger than Libya and Asia Minortogether.

    I was a massive island/continent, and according to Plato’saccounts, a catastrophe not described in Timeo and Critias, made Atlantis disappear “in a single day and night.”

    The sea where Atlantis was once located soon became unnavigable because of the shallows, while Athens and the people of Greece forgot the event, since only a few survived, in Egypt, on the other hand, the memory that, thousands of years later, came to Solon’s knowledge and, from his stories and a manuscript to Critias, the narrator, was preserved.

    A thin line divides myths from facts

    During Antiquity and the Middle Ages the interpretation of the story prevailed as an allegory, but from the Modern Age and, especially since the second half of the 19th century, during Romanticism, the hypothesis about Atlantis became very popular, which led many researchers and authors to identify Atlantis in different cultures.

    Modern research, however, suggests that there are no supposed Egyptian sources of the story and that the narrative presents anachronisms and impossible data, which leads to dismissing Atlantis as a historical fact.

    Despite this, some researchers, however, admit the possibility that the myth has been inspired by a background of historical reality linked to a natural disaster.

    But what if all of this was wrong? What if Atlantis did exist? And what if it never sank?

    Was Atlantis real? Image Credit: Shutterstock.

    If we take a look at ancient times, we can notice a sheer number of events that have been recorded around the globe which could, in fact, be what many authors today say are UFO sightings.

    The idea that thousands of years ago, ancient civilizations were contacted by civilizations not from Earth has become ever popular, and ancient astronaut theorists have offered ample evidence supporting this idea, throughout the years.

    Atlanteans are actually displayed on many occasions as a bloodthirsty civilization. Their goal, according to some scholars was global domination. Thanks to their advanced technology in weaponry, sailing, and warfare, they were capable of winning great battles with ease. They subjected the people of the conquered lands to slavery.

    Atlantis was protected by Poseidon, brother of Zeus. Poseidon had five male children and he named his eldest son Atlas, the king of this great civilization and the oceans. The Atlantic Ocean is named in his honor.

    Ancient Aliens and Atlantis

    If we take a look at ancient Egyptian History, we will come across a document titled The Tulli Papyrus.’

    However, rather than being a Papyrus, the Tulli Papyrus is, in fact, a translation of a modern transcription of an ancient Egyptian document that records what is interpreted as fiery ufos. The Tulli Papyrus has cited by many as the most important ancient Egyptian texts which document the visitation of Ancient Astronauts to Egypt thousands of years ago.

    This is the translation by Prince Boris de Rachewiltz:

    In the year 22 third month of winter, sixth hour of the day (…2…) the scribas of the House of Life found it was a circle of fire that was coming in the sky (Though) it had no head, the breadth of its mouth (had) a foul odour. Its body 1 rod long (about 150 feet) and 1 rod large, It had no voice… They hearts become confused through it; then they laid themselves on the bellies (…3…) They went to the King ..?) to report it. His Majesty ordered (…4…) has been examined (…5…) as to all which is written in the papyrus-rolls of the House Of Life His Majesty was meditating upon what happened. Now, after some days had passed over these things, Lo! they were more numerous than anything. They were shining in the sky more than the sun to the limits of the four supports of heaven. (…6…) Powerful was the position of the fire circles. The army of the king looked on and His Majesty was in the midst of it. It was after supper. Thereupon, they (i.e. the fire circles) went up higher directed to South. Fishes and volatiles fell down from the sky. (It was) a marvel never occurred since the foundation of this Land! Caused His Majesty to be brought incense to pacify the hearth (…9… to write?) what happened in the book of the House of Life (…10… to be remembered?) for the Eternity. (Source: de Rachewiltz, Boris, Doubt Magazine, No. 41, the official magazine of the Fortean Society, pp. 214-15, Arlington, 1953.)

    The above translation is just one of the many ancient documents that offer ‘evidence’ of ancient alien contact, thousands of years ago.

    If we take a look at Mesopotamia, we will find the Ancient Sumerian King List, another historical document which offers more evidence of what many refer to as alien contact:

    “…Alulim became king; he ruled for 28800 years. Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64800 years. Then Eridug fell and the kingship was taken to Bad-tibira. In Bad-tibira, En-men-lu-ana ruled for 43200 years…

    According to the accounts written down on the Sumerian King List, Eight ancient kings ruled over ancient Mesopotamia for a period of 241,200 years, before the Great Flood.

    So, if there is historical evidence that suggests how thousands of years ago, people witnessed something extraordinary on Earth, isn’t it possible that Atlantis, the mythical continent was not of Earth, but from somewhere else in space?

    What if thousands of years ago, before the time of Plato, an advanced ancient alien civilization existed on Earth, and what if that civilization was Atlantis?

    Is it really possible that an entire continent/island disappears in one day and one night? Perhaps not, but a massive, hypothetical spaceship may have disappeared, only it may not have sunk, but rather lifted off to the stars.

    Featured image credit }

    09-03-2018 om 12:00 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Exposing Puma Punku: 50 Unbelievable Facts About The Mysterious Ancient Ruins

    Exposing Puma Punku: 50 Unbelievable Facts About The Mysterious Ancient Ruins

    One of the most mysterious ancient sites composed of supermassive megaliths and stones that appear to be worked with laser-like tools was built thousands of years ago in modern-day Bolivia.

    Located not far from another amazing site—Tiahuanaco—the ruins of Puma Punku have puzzled experts for decades.

    Some 45 miles west of the city of La Paz in Bolivia, we find an ancient site that is unlike any other on Earth.

    Shattering traditional views on ancient cultures, the archaeological site of Puma Punku features incredibly precise stones, precision cuts, and polished surfaces on stones that have defied explanation for centuries.

    Some of the stones at Puma Punku were so finely polished that they appear smooth as glass.

    Only a few places on earth display this type of stonework.

    It’s as if thousands of years ago, an unknown culture used advanced tools to shape and form massive andesite stones. Some of these rocks have been cut with such precision that they fit together perfectly and are interlocked with each other without the use of mortar.

    Even more fascinating is the fact that not a single sheet of paper can fit between some of these stones.

    In this article, we take a look at Puma Punk and its history, bringing you 50 incredible facts about one of the most mysterious archaeological sites on the surface of the planet.

    The ancient ruins of Puma Punku are located in modern-day Bolivia.

    Puma Punku is located near Tiahuanaco, in fact, it’s less than a quarter-mile northeast of Puma Punku.

    Puma Punku and Tiahuanaco may have been in fact one massive complex.

    Tiahuanaco’s most distinctive feature, other than the wall of faces, is the Gate of The Sun.

    It is believed that, because of certain markings on stones found at Puma Punku, the Gate of the Sun was originally part of Puma Punku.

    Puma Punku has a length of 116.7 meters and a width of 167.36 meters.

    The archaeological site of Puma Punku consists of an unwalled western court, a central unwalled esplanade, a terraced platform mound that is faced with stone, and a walled eastern court.

    Tiahuanaco may have been an ancient metropolis according to experts, as more than 40,000 inhabitants called it home.

    Tiahuanaco features a massive wall which, according to some authors, displays all the races of mankind, even elongated skulls, people wearing turbans, people with broad noses, people with thin noses, people with thick lips, people with thin lips.

    Monolito by Diegoom Urbina on

    At its peak, the Tiwanaku culture dominated the entire Lake Titicaca basin as well as portions of Bolivia and Chile.

    In the vicinity of Tiahuanaco, experts excavated a mysterious object called the Fuente Magna Bowl. The Ceramic bowl has Sumerian cuneiform and Proto-Sumerian hieroglyphic written on it.

    Since Puma Punku is of great interest to scholars, the area within the kilometer separating the Puma Punku and Kalasasaya complexes have been surveyed using ground-penetrating radar, magnetometry, induced electrical conductivity, and magnetic susceptibility.

    In Aymara—an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes—Puma Punku’s name means “The Door of the Puma.”

    The archaeological site is a treasure of ancient history located deep within the Andean mountain. Puma Punku is located at an altitude of nearly 13,000 feet.

    Given the fact that Puma Punku lies at an altitude of almost 13,000 feet, it means that the ancient site is above the natural tree line, which in turn means NO trees grew in that area.

    The fact that no trees grew in the area challenges the idea that the ancient builders used wooden rollers to transport massive stones from where they were quarried.

    Mainstream scholars argue that the massive stones used in the construction of Puma Punku were transported thanks to a large labor force.

    Another theory suggests that the ancient builders of Puma Punku made use of the llama skin ropes and the use of ramps and inclined planes.

    Researchers have found no evidence whatsoever that the ancient builders of Puma Punku knew about the wheel.

    Despite the fact that Puma Punku is believed to have been built around 500 AD, many researchers claim that this ancient site, just as Tiahuanaco, could predate the Inca themselves.

    The Ancient Inca denied having anything to do with the building of Tiahuanaco or Puma Punku.

    This means that the culture that built these sites existed INDEPENDENTLY of the Inca, predating them as well.

    Tiahuanaco.jpg by Mauricio Araya on

    Puma Punku is not isolated. It is part of a massive complex of temples, plazas and even pyramids, and is believed to have belonged to the ancient Tiahuanaco culture, which predates the ancient Inca by millennia.

    Puma Punku features massive stones. But the fact that there are so many of them make makes Puma Punku’s stones amongst the largest found on the planet.

    Puma Punku consists of a mixture of andesite and red sandstone.

    Despite having been researched, analyzed, and studied by experts around the globe, not a single researcher has managed to explain how the ancient builders of Puma Punku managed to cut, polish and transport the stones at the site.

    Modern day engineers argue that the base of the Puma Punku temple was constructed using a technique called layering and depositing.

    Oral legends indicate that the first inhabitants of Puma Punku were unlike ordinary humans.

    These ‘early people’ had the ability to ‘carry’ megalithic stones through the air with the use of SOUND.

    The eastern edge of the Puma Punku is occupied by what is called the Plataforma Lítica.

    The so-called Plataforma Lítica consists of a stone terrace that is 6.75 by 38.72 meters (22.1 by 127.0 feet) in dimension.

    This terrace is paved with multiple enormous stone blocks.

    One of the largest stones at Puma Punku is 7.81 meters long, 5.17 meters wide, averages 1.07 meters thick.

    The estimated weight of this massive rock is 131 metric tons.

    But this isn’t the only one. Another massive rock at Puma Punku is 7.90 meters long, 2.50 meters wide, and averages 1.86 meters thick. Its weight has been estimated to be 85.21 metric tons.

    Both of these stone blocks are part of the Plataforma Lítica and composed of red sandstone

    Puma Punku’s H Blocks are the best-known feature of the site.

    The H blocks at Puma Punku have approximately 80 faces each.

    Some authors suggest that given the precision cuts and incredible angles seen on Puma Punku’s blocks, it is possible that the ancient builders made use of prefabrication and mass production, technologies far in advance of the Tiwanaku’s Inca successors hundreds of years later.

    Experts note that the precision with which these angles have been used to create flush joints is indicative of a highly sophisticated knowledge of stone-cutting and a thorough understanding of descriptive geometry.

    As noted by researchers, many of the joints are so precise that not even a razor blade will fit between the stones. Much of the masonry is characterized by accurately cut rectilinear blocks of such uniformity that they could be interchanged for one another while maintaining a level surface and even joints.

    One of the closest stone quarries used by the builders of Puma Punku was located some 10 km away, near Lake Titicaca.

    Tiwanaku by Paskla van der Loost on

    The furthest identified quarry is believed to have been located near Copacabana Peninsula about 90 km away from and across Lake Titicaca.

    According to archeological investigations, Puma Punku’s H blocks match each other with such an extreme precision that the architects most likely used a system of preferred measurements and proportions.

    While it is amazing what the ancients achieved thousands of years ago in terms of transportation, design, and logistics, the ancient engineers that built Puma Punku and Tiahuanaco were also adept at developing a civic infrastructure at this complex, constructing functional irrigation systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and waterproof sewage lines.

    Despite the fact we see ruins today, Puma Punku is thought to have been “unimaginably wondrous,” adorned with polished metal plaques, brightly colored ceramic and fabric ornamentation, and visited by costumed citizens, elaborately dressed priests, and elites decked in exotic jewelry.

    There are some still unfinished stones found near Puma Punku.

    Experts say that the unfinished stones show some of the techniques that were used to shape the blocks.

    Experts say that Puma Punku’s blocks of stone were initially pounded by stone hammers, which can still be found in numbers on local andesite quarries, creating depressions, and then slowly ground and polished with flat stones and sand.

    Excavations have documented “three major building epochs, in addition to small repairs and remodeling”. }

    09-03-2018 om 01:15 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Professor Stephen Hawking Says Knows What Existed Before The Big Bang

    Professor Stephen Hawking Says Knows What Existed Before The Big Bang

    According to the latest comments made by Professor Stephen Hawking, Before the Big Bang, time existed in a bent state that was distorted along another dimension.

    The famous theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking has an answer to the enigma of what existed before the Big Bang, the beginning of the Universe, 13,800 million years ago.

    In an interview with his colleague Neil deGrasse Tyson in the TV show ‘Star Talk‘ broadcasted on the National Geographic Channel, Hawking explained what existed before the universe.

    “The boundary condition of the universe…is that it has no boundary,” Hawking said.

    According to this theory, the history of the universe is not a flat line but a four-dimensional, curved object, “just as the surface of the Earth, but with two more dimensions,” Hawking said. As explained by Professor Hawking, the Big Bang was practically the formation as we today understand as ‘time,’ since this event, 13,800 million years ago, broke the known laws of physics. It also means that anything that may have existed before the event, simply cannot be applied to our understanding of time and existence.

    In other words, Professor Hawking argues that there isn’t really anything such as ‘a time before the big bang’.

    Professor Hawking added that one can regard imaginary and normal space-time as beginning at Earth’s south pole – a point where the normal laws of physics hold.

    However, the world-renowned astrophysicist explained; “There is nothing south of the South Pole, so there was nothing around before the Big Bang.”

    To better understand what Professor Hawking means, you would have to imagine a remote control that controls the universe and press the Rewind button.

    The universe is constantly expanding.

    As you go back in time, the universe contracts.

    Rewinding to the Big Bang, the entire universe is reduced to the size of a single atom, Hawking said.

    This subatomic ball of everything is known as the singularity.

    Within this small and enormous mass of heat and energy, the laws of physics and time as we know them cease to function.

    In other words, time as we understand it literally did not exist before the universe began to expand.

    On the contrary, the arrow of time contracts infinitely as the universe gets smaller and smaller and never reaches a clear starting point.

    As noted by TechTimes, Hawking says during the show that before the Big Bang, time was bent — “It was always reaching closer to nothing but didn’t become nothing,” according to the article. Essentially, “there was never a Big Bang that produced something from nothing. It just seemed that way from mankind’s point of perspective.”

    In a lecture on the no-boundary proposal, Hawking wrote: “Events before the Big Bang are simply not defined because there’s no way one could measure what happened at them. Since events before the Big Bang have no observational consequences, one may as well cut them out of the theory, and say that time began at the Big Bang,” reports

    Featured Image Credit: Shutterstock. }

    07-03-2018 om 22:55 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.10 Ancient Artifacts That Hint We May Have Been Visited By Ancient Astronauts

    10 Ancient Artifacts That Hint We May Have Been Visited By Ancient Astronauts

    “The universe is a pretty big place. If it’s just us, seems like an awful waste of space.” Those are the words of Carl Sagan in his novel Contact.

    So yeah, the universe is big. Scratch that. The universe is so big, we can’t really understand it.

    Out of the billions of stars and trillions of planets that make up the known universe, modern-day scholars argue only Earth has life.

    However, in recent years we have made extraordinary progress in exploring our solar system which has led us to a number of discoveries that suggest that not only are we not alone in the universe, but alien life could exist in our solar system, in the moons of Jupiter or Saturn, or even on Mars.

    One of my favorite quotes about alien life comes from a man called Giordano Bruno, born in 1548.

    Bruno was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist, perhaps best-known for his cosmological theories, which conceptually extended the then-novel Copernican model.

    Bruno suggested how stars we see in the night sky are nothing other than sun’s surrounded by their own alien worlds.

    He was one of the first to ponder whether or not it was possible for alien life to exist on those distant exoplanets:

    “In space, there are countless constellations, sun’s, and planets; we see only the suns because they give light; the planets remain invisible, for they are small and dark. There are also numberless Earth’s circling around their sun’s…” ― Giordano BrunoDespre infinit univers si lumi.

    Bruno also suggested there was a possibility the universe was infinite and could have no celestial body at its “center”.

    Because of his ‘modern thinking,’ Bruno was found guilty of heresy and he was burned at the stake in Rome’s Campo de’ Fiori in 1600.

    Another very interesting quote, which I felt compelled to share in this article comes from Bruno’s On the Infinite, the Universe and the Worlds: Five Cosmological Dialogues, where he wrote:

    “The ancients observed, and we also observe, that sometimes things fall to earth, or some things leave the earth, or whatever parts we may be near…”

    Go further back in time before Giordano Bruno, say 2,000—3,000 years, and you’ll arrive at a time when great ancient civilizations like the ancient Aztecs, Maya, and ancient Egyptians ruled the Earth.

    These ancient civilizations, and many others across Southern America, North America, Asia, and Africa were great pioneers during their times in various fields, including engineering, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, etc.

    Their level of advancements was huge, and the Maya, for example, were considered as one of the greatest pre-industrial civilizations of the world.

    The Egyptians built some of the most impressive ancient structures on the surface of the planet, the pyramids, and managed to transport massive blocks of stone, some weighing more than 50 tons across great distances without ‘simple’ technologies such as the wheel.

    Halfway around the world, pre-Inca civilizations did the same thing when they managed to quarry andesite rock and transport it across vast distances, building some of the most impressive archaeological sites on the surface of the planet.

    So, how did they do it?

    Was it all brute force?


    Did they possess some sort of technology we are unaware of?

    Or is it possible, as some ancient astronaut theorists suggest, that an otherworldly influence was at play?

    Thankfully, these ancient civilizations recorded their history as best as they could and left behind a number of ancient writings, monuments, and figurines that tell an impressive story.

    Here, we take a look at ten amazing ancient figurines that were created by the ancient thousands of years ago, which, according to ancient astronaut theorists around the globe, suggest ancient aliens were in contact with ancient cultures around the globe, thousands of years ago.

    The handbag of the gods. Scholars are unable to explain why these mysterious ‘handbags’ appear in illustrations from ancient cultures across the globe.

    Is that a humanoid in some sort of space suit? This ancient figurine dates back to 600-900 AD.

    Olmec Monument 19, from La Venta, Tabasco, shows a man holding the handbag in his hand.

    Image Credit: Flickr Xuan Che.

    The El-Baul stele in Guatemala. 

    Image credit

    Mystery Estela found in Mexico. 

    Image Credit

    The sarcophagus of king K’inich Janaab’ Pakal or more commonly known as King Pakal is one of the most talked about subjects when it comes to the ancient alien theory.

    Is that an ancient astronaut?

    Ancient Aliens in Egypt?

    Is that an ancient Astronaut?

    Image Credit: Tumblr

    The evidence is here, all we have to do is decipher it.

    { }

    07-03-2018 om 22:35 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.THE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION, THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLDER THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT


    New Dates for Egypt’s Pharaohs

    Just when did Egyptian pharaohs such as King Tut and Rameses II rule? Historians have heatedly debated the exact dates. Now a radiocarbon study concludes that much of the assumed chronology was right, though it corrects some controversial dates and may overturn a few pet theories.

    “This is an extremely important piece of research that shows clearly that historical dating methods and radiocarbon dates are compatible for ancient Egypt,” says Kate Spence, an archaeologist at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom.

    Egyptian records, such as the writings of the 3rd century B.C.E. historian Manetho and inscriptions found at key sites such as Saqqara and Karnak, provide what are called “floating chronologies” because they are internally consistent but not anchored to absolute dates. On the other hand, they sometimes refer to astronomical events whose dates can be calculated today. Thus, scholars are confident that they are not wildly off the mark. But it’s difficult to be precise. For example, the first known pyramid, the Step Pyramid at Saqqara, was built as a tomb for King Djoser, and historians usually put the beginning of his reign between 2667 and 2592 B.C.E. But one recent paper by Spence, based on astronomical calculations, put it as much as 75 years later. Radiocarbon dating has been too imprecise to resolve these contradictions because in this period it usually has error ranges of between 100 and 200 years.

    turinroyalcanon-The Ancient Egyptian civilization, thousands of years older than previously thought

    A team led by Christopher Bronk Ramsey of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom adopted a two-pronged strategy to get around radiocarbon’s limitations. First, researchers searched museum collections around the world for plant remains directly associated with the reigns of particular kings or periods, often using offerings from pyramids where the kings were buried. The 211 plant samples were radiocarbon dated.

    Second, the team used a mathematical modeling approach called Bayesian statistics to compare the patterns in the radiocarbon and historical dates and come up with the most likely correlation between them. The researchers constructed a separate model for each of the three main Egyptian periods: Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom. This allowed them to increase the precision of radiocarbon dating of each period to 76, 53, and 24 years, respectively.

    As the researchers will report in tomorrow’s issue of Science, they found that the Old Kingdom, which kicked off with Djoser’s reign, began between 2691 and 2625 B.C.E. The New Kingdom, which starts with the reign of Ahmose, began between about 1570 and 1544 B.C.E. New Kingdom pharoah Rameses II, considered the greatest of the Egyptian kings by historians, clocks in between 1297 and 1273 B.C.E., and King Tut between 1353 to 1331 B.C.E. The dating ranges are earlier than some historians had previously proposed. For example, in a 2000 Nature paper, Spence argued, based on the astronomical alignments of Egyptian pyramids, that Djoser’s reign was somewhat later. “I am more than happy to accept” the new results, Spence says, adding that the Old Kingdom dating is “particularly important” because “this is the first time there has been anything firm to which to pin our historical relative chronologies.”

    Yet the new study does not resolve all of the outstanding issues. In a Perspectiveaccompanying the paper, archaeologist Hendrik Bruins of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel points out that one major controversy remains unresolved: the timing of the massive eruption of the volcanic island of Thera in the Aegean Sea, which transformed the history of the eastern Mediterranean and has important implications for understanding the relationship between Egypt and the Minoans, another powerful culture of the time. Previous radiocarbon dating suggests that the eruption took place at least 100 years before the New Kingdom began, which the new dating puts at no earlier than 1570 B.C.E. But radiocarbon and historical dating by University of Vienna archaeologist Manfred Bietak’s team at Tell el-Dab’a in Egypt has concluded that the Thera eruption took place during the New Kingdom era.

    Bietak says that although the new study is a “serious and innovative approach,” the team’s need to use Bayesian statistics to narrow its radiocarbon date ranges “expose[s] the weakness of radiocarbon chronology.” But Sturt Manning, an archaeologist at Cornell University, says that the field must now accept that “there is something wrong” with the stratigraphy and dating of the site of Tell el-Dab’a rather than the chronology as a whole.

    Source }

    07-03-2018 om 00:30 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Are The Mysterious Metallic Spheres Of Siberia Product Of A Long Lost Ancient Civilization?

    Are The Mysterious Metallic Spheres Of Siberia Product Of A Long Lost Ancient Civilization?

    Siberia: Home of frozen landscapes, and origin of countless mysteries. 

    A beautiful yet mysterious land in Russia has it all. From tales of lost civilizations, numerous strange explosions like the Tunguska, to countless UFO sightings and strange phenomenon, Siberia has it all. 

    Yakutia, a region in Northern Russia with a total area of 3,083,523 km2 of virtually unexplored and very inhospitable land, full of swamps, is a place that locals avoid at all costs since, according to them, anyone that enters the Valley of Death never returns.

    There, in the enigmatic and mysterious frozen landscape, people claim to have found, among many other mysterious things, strange metallic spheres whose purpose and origin are as controversial as inexplicable to science.

    The area of land is referred to by locals as Uliuiu Cherkechek, the Valley of Death. Anyone who ventures out into the unexplained can encounter a great number of mysterious metallic spheres, which many say are of extraterrestrial origin.

    An alien defense grid? It almost sounds like a sci-fi movie or script from MIB, but few people who have ventured out into the unknown lands and seen the mystery spheres claim they are ‘strategically positioned.

    This fact has given rise to various conspiracy theories which suggest that the enigmatic metallic spheres are not only of alien origin but were placed there to protect the region from the dangers of space, and even ‘hostile’ energies.

    Beyond any speculation, the truth is that this mysterious area of land has been a protagonist of several catastrophic events such as the great Tunguska explosion in 1908, Chulum in 1984, and Vitim, in 2002. It’s almost as if the entire region is a magnet for destruction.

    According to explorers who have ventured out into the unknown, this is what the mystery objects look like.

    Image Credit: Biblioteca Pleyades.

    People who live in the vicinity of this dangerous place believe there is no mystery to it: the Death Valley owes its name to countless deaths and illness that marked the fate of anyone who dared roam the vicinity of any of these metal spheres which are, according to rumors of extraterrestrial origin.

    Legends state that here, in this inhospitable landscape live the ancient demons of the “Taiga.”

    In 1853, R. Maak, a noted explorer of the region, wrote: “In Suntar [a Yakut settlement] I was told that in the upper reaches of the Viliuy there is a stream called Algy timirbit (which translates as “the large cauldron sank”) flowing into the Viliuy. Close to its bank in the forest, there is a gigantic cauldron made of copper. Its size is unknown as only the rim is visible above the ground, but several trees grow within it.”

    In 1936, alongside the Olguidakh (“place with a cauldron”) River, a geologist led by elderly natives came upon a smooth metal half-sphere, reddish in color, protruding from the ground with such a sharp edge that it “cut a fingernail.” Its outer walls were about two centimeters thick, and it stuck out of the ground roughly a fifth of its diameter. The geologist despatched a description of it to Yakutsk, the regional center.

    Some of the objects seem to be buried beneath the surface.

    Image Credit: Biblioteca Pleyades.

    In 1979, an archaeological expedition from Yakutsk attempted to find the hemisphere he had encountered. The team members were accompanied by a guide who had seen the structure several times in his youth. However, since any years went by and the region’s topography changed, the group failed to find the hemisphere.

    The same thing was recorded by N. D. Arkhipov, a researcher who studied the ancient cultures of Yakutia, who wrote: “Among the population of the Viliuy basin there is a legend from ancient times about the existence in the upper reaches of that river of bronze cauldrons or olguis. This legend deserves attention as the areas that are the supposed location of the mythical cauldrons contain several streams with the name Olguidakh – ‘Cauldron Stream.'”

    Lone hunters who have ventured into the area where the metallic spheres are said to be located say that some of the mystery spheres are submerged under water while other spheres are half-buried in the ground. Some have already been devoured by vegetation, and remain hidden from sight. Nonetheless, they plague the entire area.

    The “olguis” are said to be forged out of an unknown metal, believed to be “copper-like” in nature.

    The metal of these spheres is said to be extremely resistant and hard, and no one has been able to analyze them, due to fear of approaching the spheres. The few tests that were made were ignored by laboratories who have failed to identify their composition and origin.

    Local hunters say that over time, these metallic spheres sink into the ground and disappear from sight. They leave behind strange stains where vegetation cannot grow, the reason why many tribal elders have cursed the spheres and the lands where they are found.

    Strangely, despite the fact that their existence seems to be very well documented on paper, we have failed to find a single quality image of the mysterious spheres.

    Mikhail Koretsky from Vladivostok who visited the mysterious area where the spheres are located wrote:

    “I was there three times. The first time was in 1933, when I was ten – I travelled with my father when he went there to earn some money – then in 1937, without my father. And the last time was in 1947 as part of a group of youngsters.

    “The ’Valley of Death’ extends along a right-hand tributary of the Viliuy River. In point of fact it is a whole chain of valleys along its flood lands. All three times I was there with a guide, a Yakut. We didn’t go there because life was good, but because there, in the back of beyond, you could pan for gold without the threat that at the end of the season you’d be robbed or get a bullet in the back of your head.

    “As for mysterious objects, there are probably a lot of them there, as in three seasons I saw seven of those ’cauldrons’. They all struck me as totally perplexing: for one thing, there was their size – between six and nine meters in diameter.

    “Secondly, they were made of some strange metal. Everyone has written that they were made of copper, but I’m sure it isn’t copper. The thing is that even a sharpened cold chisel will not mark the ’cauldrons’ (we tried more than once). The metal doesn’t break off and can’t be hammered. On copper, a hammer would definitely have left noticeable dents. But this ’copper’ is covered over with a layer of some unknown material resembling emery. Yet it’s not an oxidation layer and not scale – it can’t be chipped or scratched, either.

    “We didn’t come across shafts going down into the ground with chambers. But I did note that the vegetation around the ’cauldrons’ is anomalous – totally different from what’s growing around. It’s more opulent: large-leaved burdock; very long withes; strange grass, one and a half or two times the height of a man. In one of the ’cauldrons’, the whole group of us (six people) spent the night. We didn’t sense anything bad, and we calmly left without any sort of unpleasant occurrences. Nobody fell seriously ill afterwards. Except that three months later, one of my friends lost all his hair. And on the left side of my head (the side I slept on), three small sore spots the size of match-heads appeared. I’ve tried to get rid of them all my life, but they’re still with me today.

    “None of our efforts to break off even a small piece from the strange ’cauldrons’ was successful. The only thing I did manage to bring away was a stone. Not an ordinary one, though: half of a perfect sphere, six centimeters in diameter. It was black in colour and bore no visible signs of having been worked, yet was very smooth as if polished. I picked it up from the ground inside one of those cauldrons.

    “I took my souvenir of Yakutia with me to the village of Samarka, Chuguyevka district, Primorsky region (the Soviet Far East), where my parents were living in 1933. I was laid up with nothing to do until my grandmother decided to build a house. We needed to put glass in the windows and there wasn’t a glass-cutter in the entire village. I tried scoring it with the edge of that half of a stone sphere, and it turned out to cut with amazing ease. After that, my find was often used like a diamond by all our relatives and friends. In 1937 I gave the stone to my grandfather, but that autumn he was arrested and taken to Magadan where he lived on without trial until 1968 and then died. Now no-one knows where my stone got to…”

    In his letter, Koretsky stresses that in 1933 his Yakut guide told him that:

    “…five or ten years before, he had discovered several spherical cauldrons (they were absolutely round) that protruded high (higher than a man) out of the ground. They looked brand new. Later the hunter had seen them again, now broken and scattered.

    The area remains a profound mystery not only for scientists but for explorers and ordinary people as well.


    Featured image credit: by Julian-Faylona, used with permission.

    { }

    05-03-2018 om 22:46 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Prehistoric Native American Burial Site Found Off Florida Coast

    Prehistoric Native American Burial Site Found Off Florida Coast

    Florida could use some good news these days and this certainly fits the bill – at least for the Gulf Coast city of Venice and archeologists. On February 28, Secretary of State Ken Detzner announced in a press release that a human tooth found by a diver in 2016 has led archaeologists to an unprecedented 7,000-year-old Native American ancestral burial site in the Gulf of Mexico near Venice.

    Research indicates that during this time period [Early Archaic], when sea levels were much lower, a small inland freshwater pond was present and ancestors of Florida’s indigenous people interred their deceased there. As sea levels rose, the pond was covered by the Gulf of Mexico; despite the flooding, the peat bottom of the pond remained intact. Peat slows the process of organic decay, which allowed the site to stay well preserved.”

    The burial site covers about 32,000 square feet (3,000 square meters) off the coast of Manasota Key and has been named Manasota Key Offshore. The site is protected under Florida law and it is illegal to excavate and/or remove any material or human remains from the site without authorization. Underwater researchers visiting the site have so far found remains of six people, carved wooden stakes and pieces of clothing and radiocarbon dating shows them to be about 7,000 years old.

    How did the graveyard end up under 21 feet of water in just 7,000 years? Good question, but first make the total 30 feet (9.1 meters) because researchers determined that the original burial pond was ten feet ABOVE sea level when the interments occurred. Pond burials were practiced during what is known as the Archaic or Meso-American period in North America’s pre-Columbian history, lasting from about 8000 to 1000 BCE. The culture located in the northern Louisiana, Mississippi and Florida areas buried their dead in the peat at the bottom of shallow ponds, which helped preserve the remains found off the coast of Manasota Key and in other ponds found inland (the Windover site in Titusville is a well-known example). Manasota Key Offshore is the first found underwater, which means more evidence of the land and the culture may have been preserved.

    Manasota Key

    That 30-foot water rise was the result of the global climate change the ended the last ice age beginning 14,000 years ago. At that time, the Florida land mass was much wider than it is today and many native settlements from the Archaic period were eventually underwater. Archeologists generally ignored looking for remnants and artifacts of these settlements, believing that the sea water would have destroyed the human remains and their living areas. Manasota Key Offshore is proof that this isn’t the case and will provide new incentives to look for more evidence of these prehistoric Meso-American peoples.

    Not to mention learn what will happen if the rest of Florida ends up underwater. }

    05-03-2018 om 18:03 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You May Not Know

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You May Not Know

    Mythological hybrids are legendary creatures combining body parts of more than one species, one of which is often human.

    Since ancient times there has been a fascination with the idea of creatures who are half human and half animal. The strength of this archetype can be seen in the persistence of modern tales of werewolves, vampires, different monster and horror characters.

    Ancient myths include many monstrous beings. Some resemble hybrids between different species, while others are of the same species but having un-natural extra heads or limbs.

    The Sanskrit epics of India feature gods in the form of elephants, monkeys, and snakes. The Sumerians depicted gods with bird heads and wings, Egyptians did portray many of the gods with animal features.

    Let’s have a look at 12 of the most bizarre hybrid mythical creatures from ancient history:

    1 – Ammit (Egyptian Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know

    Ammit or Ammut is translated as the ‘Soul Eater’, and was claimed to be an underworld-dwelling Ancient Egyptian goddess/demon who personified divine retribution. With an anatomy of a lion, hippopotamus and a crocodile, she waited to devour the hearts of the unworthy people, thus, cursing their ’empty’ souls to roam aimlessly for eternity. She epitomized the collective fear of Egyptians that was apparently pertained to ‘second death’.

    2 – Buraq (Islamic Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know

    The dome of rock is a spot venerated by Muslims as they consider it sacred because from there Prophet Mohammad rose to heaven on a supposedly fantastical white-hued, horse-like creature named Buraq. It was apparently half mule, half donkey and had wings.

    3 – Gajasimha (Indian Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know
    Gajasimha (Image Source)

    In the Hindu Mythology, Narsimha was one of the 10 avatars of Lord Vishnu. Gajasimha is probably a variant in that being, who was half human and half lion. Gajasimha is depicted as half elephant, half lion, where Elephant is the representation of Lord Ganesha.

    4 – Hatuibwari (Melanesian Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know
    Hatuibwari (Melanesian Mythology) (Image Source)

    It is signified as the primordial ancestor of human beings with four eyes, serpent like body and humongous wings. The Hatuibwari was most probably worshiped as a cosmic creature, and is described in the folklore of Melanasia.

    5 – Hippalectryon (Greek Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know
    Hippalectryon (Image Source)

    This half-horse and half-rooster featured creature has depictions as old as 3,000 years. Some speculate it to have originated from the Middle Eastern folklores and some claim it to be an alternative representation of the renowned winged-horse Pegasus.

    6 – Khepri (Egyptian Mythology)


    Usually depicted as a man with a beetle head in Ancient Egyptian funerary papyri, it is symbolic of the god epitomizing the forces that moved the sun across the vast expanse of the sky. Derived from the Egyptian word ‘Kheper’ meaning ‘to change’, this creature derives its connection from the Scarab Beetles, who rolled balls of dung across the rigorous desert surface, while the young beetles emerged from inside the dung, from the eggs laid by the parent.

    7 – Matsya (Indian Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know

    With the head of a human and underpart of a fish, Matsya is claimed to be one of the avatars of Vishnu. Also, in the popular Noah’s Arc depicting from the Bible and the story of Manu from the Vedic literatures who made an arc and survived against the catastrophic floods, there was a character ‘Matsya’ who guided them towards a safe place to repopulate the Earth.

    8 – Monocerus (Medieval legends)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know
    Monocerus (Unicorn)

    Monocerus is derived from the Greek word Μονόκερος, which simply pertains to an animal with a single horn, similar to a unicorn. However, the medieval descriptions say that it had a head of a stag, the body of a horse, the legs of an elephant and a tail of a boar, topping which, was one horn to target the belly region of its opponents, the Elephants.

    9 – Onocentaur (Greek Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know

    Half man and half horse have much been talked about, but the Onocentaur is a version of Centaur with Donkey credentials. Moreover, a Greek poetic mythology mentions another exotic centaur hybrid known as Ichthyocentaur, with upper torso of a man, the lower front of a horse and tail of a fish.

    10 – Pazuzu (Babylonian Mythology)


    Pazuzu was the Dog head, eagle-like feet, a scorpion’s tail and a serpentine penis, with some ominous aspects. The demon of winds who could bring upon catastrophic famines during the rainy seasons. But Pazuzu was also invoked to fight against other evil spirits.

    11 – Qilin (Chinese Mythology)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know

    Also known as the Chinese Unicorn, the Qilin goes hand in hand with whimsicality and mysticism, signifying the birth (or death) of a sage or eminent ruler. The features of this creature are depicted as having a body of a deer with a single horn, a tail of an ox and hooves of an horse, while their backs project a vivacious palette of colors, complemented by a yellowish belly.

    12 – Tarasque (French folklore)

    12 Weird Hybrid Mythical Creatures You Might Not Know

    Golden Legend, the medieval bestseller, has the most renowned mentions of Tarasque. It describes Tarasque as a dragon or a dragon-like creature having a head of a lion, a body of an ox covered with a turtle shell, legs of a bear and a scaled tail like that of a scorpion. }

    04-03-2018 om 20:14 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Are The Mysterious Dogu Figurines Depictions Of Ancient Astronauts?

    Are The Mysterious Dogu Figurines Depictions Of Ancient Astronauts?

    The so-called Dogu are relatively small humanoid figures made at the end of the Jōmon period (14,000-400 BC) in Japan. The curious figurines have a number of strange characteristics that make them some of the most unique pieces of ancient art on the surface of the planet.

    What do the Dogu have that makes them so mysterious?

    Well, if you look at them, they kinda’ resemble some sort of humanoid wearing a suit? Maybe a spacesuit? The figurines are depicted with helmets or goggles. They are also depicted having strangely shaped ‘elongated’ heads, and some of them have almond shaped eyes. The eyes are nearly always depicted disproportionally in relation to the body.

    The most interesting part perhaps is the fact that the Dogu Figurines are meant to represent the ‘Gods’.

    Shakōki-dogū (遮光器土偶) (1000–400 BCE), “goggle-eyed type” figurine. Tokyo National Museum

    Japan. Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

    Most Dogu figures have breasts, small waist, and large eyes and are considered by many to be representations of goddesses. Many have a large abdomen associated with a pregnancy, suggesting that the Jomon considered them to be mother goddesses.

    According to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, these figures “suggest an association with fertility and shamanic rites.”

    Made of clay, these figures take on many fascinating forms.

    The Dogu tend to have large faces, small arms, hands, and a compact body. Some seem to wear glasses or have “heart-shaped” faces.

    Most have marks on their faces, chests, and shoulders. Nearly all of the Dogu figures have been discovered in graves or stone circles, indicating through the location they were discovered in, some sort of religious or shamanistic use.

    Experts have identified four types of Dogu figurines:

    • “heart shaped (or crescent-shaped eyebrow) type” figurine
    • “horned-owl type” figurine
    • “goggle-eyed type” (Shakōki-dogū) figurine
    • “pregnant woman type” figurine

    Dogū, Ebisuda Site in Tajiri, Miyagi Prefecture, 1000–400 BC.

    Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

    Another interesting fact is that the Dogu figurines are believed to be exclusive to the Jōmon period and disappeared in the next historical period, the Yayoi period.

    Regarding the Jomon ceramics, the Dogu have several styles depending on the area and type of associated exhumation. According to the National Museum of Japanese History, researchers have recovered around 15,000 Dogu figurines so far. Most of the Dogu have been found in eastern Japan and it is rare to find any in the west of the country.

    Despite the fact that the figurines were associated with the Gods, the exact purpose of the Dogu is not yet clear, but most likely the Dogu acted like the effigy of people manifesting some kind of magic or shamanic purposes. As noted by Timothy Insoll, author of the book “The new hakodate jomon culture center, minamikayabe, Japan” it may have been believed that illnesses could be transferred into the Dogu, then destroyed, clearing the illness, or any other misfortune.

    Gods or Ancient Astronauts?

    Well, what’s the difference, right?

    Ancient Astronaut theorists offer interesting explanations. Some authors believe that these figurines represent otherworldly visitors, extraterrestrial beings that came to Earth thousands of years ago.

    The Dogu figurines appear humanoid but are certainly anything but human. The mysterious ‘suit’ that some of these figures appear to wear, helmets, and what some describe as goggles are just a few of the characteristics unfamiliar with that period in human history. This raises a few interesting questions: Did the ancient artists see beings that resembled the Dogu? Or are the mysterious figures the result of ancient mankind’s imagination?

    Given the enigmatic nature and peculiar characteristics of the figurines, the Dogu have been part in numerous controversial theories. As noted by popular researcher and best-selling author Erich von Däniken, the Dogu (referred in the text as the “Japanese statue of Tokomai”) “…have modern fastenings and eye apertures on their helmets”, an attribution made in the final chapter of his 1968 book Chariots of the Gods?. }

    04-03-2018 om 00:13 geschreven door peter

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