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  • NASA Astronauts Train Deep Undersea For Deep Space Missions
  • Nasa to host major press conference on 'discovery beyond our solar system'
  • UFO Party - Kallangur AUSTRALIA Feb 16 2017 (Full speed then Slower Speed)
  • NASA have announced a major press conference due to 'discoveries beyond our solar system'
  • The Mexican caves that could hold clues to alien life
  • Blame space particles next time your phone freezes
  • The strange link between the human mind and quantum physics
  • De vreemde link tussen de menselijke geest en kwantummechanica
  • Churchill ordered UFO cover-up, National Archives show
  • Excited Reports of 'Habitable Planets' Need to Come Back Down to Earth
  • Life on Mars? Alien mystery on Red Planet could be solved by 'gushing salty brine'
  • Alien bugs hitching a ride to Earth on spacecraft could ATTACK humans and must never be allowed to escape
  • NASA makes incredible discovery of 'alien microbes' inside Mars-like cave in Mexico
  • Elon Musk Posts Dramatic Video of Falcon 9's Controlled Descent
  • These Freaky Signals From Space Could Unravel the Universe's Secrets
  • La Nasa interrompt un direct de l’ISS durant un passage d’objets non identifiés
  • ELON MUSK TALKS ABOUT ALIENS DURING THE WORLD GOVERNMENT SUMMIT 2017
  • Filer’s Files #8 – 2017 India May Reveal ET - PART I
  • Filer’s Files #8 – 2017 India May Reveal ET - PART II
  • 12,000 YEAR OLD ANUNNAKI TOMB DISCOVERED IN IRAN
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    The purpose of  this blog is the creation of an open, international, independent and  free forum, where every UFO-researcher can publish the results of his/her research. The languagues, used for this blog, are Dutch, English and French.You can find the articles of a collegue by selecting his category.
    Each author stays resposable for the continue of his articles. As blogmaster I have the right to refuse an addition or an article, when it attacks other collegues or UFO-groupes.
     
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    UFO'S - MET HET LAATSTE NIEUWS OVER UFO'S BOVEN BELGIË EN IN ANDERE LANDEN...
    UFO's in België en de rest van de wereld
    In België heb je vooral BUFON of het Belgisch UFO-Netwerk, dat zich met UFO's bezighoudt. BEZOEK DUS ZEKER VOOR ALLE OBJECTIEVE INFORMATIE ww.ufo.be. Verder heb je ook het Belgisch-Ufo-meldpunt en Caelestia, die prachtig, doch ZEER kritisch werk leveren, ja soms zelfs héél sceptisch... Voor Nederland kan je de mooie site www.ufowijzer.nl bezoeken van Paul Harmans. Een mooie site met veel informatie en artikels. MUFON of het Mutual UFO Network Inc is een Amerikaanse UFO-vereniging met afdelingen in alle USA-staten en diverse landen. MUFON's mission is the analytical and scientific investigation of the UFO- Phenomenon for the benefit of humanity... Je kan ook hun site bekijken onder www.mufon.com. Ze geven een maandeliiks tijdschrift uit, namelijk The MUFON UFO-Journal. Since 02/01/2013 is Pieter not only president (=voorzitter) of BUFON, but also National Director MUFON / Flanders and the Netherlands. We work together with the French MUFON Reseau MUFON/EUROP.
    20-02-2017
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.NASA Astronauts Train Deep Undersea For Deep Space Missions

    NASA Astronauts Train Deep Undersea For Deep Space Missions

    What do the bottom of a blue ocean and the surface of a Red Planet have in common? Both are extreme environments.

    A group of astronauts, engineers and scientists will venture to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean again this summer to prepare for future deep space missions and the journey to Mars. Isolating crew members at the bottom of the ocean simulates life and work for astronauts in microgravity environments like the International Space Station, or in spacecraft that will travel to asteroids and planets in the future.

    During the 16-day NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) 21 expedition beginning July 21, an international crew will explore tools and techniques being tested for future space exploration by living in simulated spacecraft conditions and conducting simulated spacewalks outside of their undersea habitat, Aquarius.

    Inside Aquarius, the international crew will conduct a variety of research and operations studies, such as testing a mini DNA sequencer that NASA astronaut Kate Rubins also will be testing aboard the International Space Station, and a telemedicine device that will be used for future space applications. During their simulated spacewalks, the crew will collect samples for marine biology and geology studies, test software for managing operations, and participate in a coral restoration project. Throughout many of these tasks, the mission will also test communications delays similar to those that would be encountered on a mission to Mars.

    “NEEMO 21 astronauts and crew will pioneer complex tasks on the seafloor utilizing the most advanced underwater navigation and science tools which are methodically choreographed to mimic a Mars exploration traverse,” NEEMO Project Lead Bill Todd said. “Equipment can fail, communication can be challenging and tasks can take longer than expected. Other tasks go just as planned. All cases are equally beneficial. It’s how we learn and how we are able to assemble all of this together so that someday we’re prepared for the unexpected when we are living on and traversing the Martian surface.”

    NASA Astronaut Reid Wiseman will command the first eight days of the NEEMO 21 mission. Wiseman flew in space as part of Expedition 40/41 in 2014, spending 166 days living and working aboard the International Space Station. Wiseman was a naval aviator and test pilot prior to joining NASA in 2009.

    NASA Astronaut Megan McArthur will command the second half of NEEMO 21, and will live in the habitat for the entire 16-day mission. McArthur flew on the STS-125 shuttle mission in 2009, and has served as a Mission Control spacecraft communicator for both space shuttle and space station missions. Prior to joining NASA, McArthur obtained a doctorate in oceanography at Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

    Joining McArthur for the entire 16 days is ESA (European Space Agency) Astronaut Matthias Maurer. For the first eight days, Marc O’Griofa, chief medical and technology officer for Noninvasive Medical Technologies Inc., also will join Wiseman, McArthur and Mauerer. For the second half of the mission, McArthur and Mauerer will be joined by Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition Research Scientist Dawn Kernagis and Naval Postgraduate School Researcher Noel Du Toit.

    The NEEMO crew and two professional habitat technicians will live 60 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean in Florida International University’s Aquarius Reef Base undersea research habitat 6.2 miles off the coast of Key Largo, Florida. NEEMO 21 is supported by the Human Health and Performance Directorate at NASA’s Johnson Space Center with funding from ESA and partnerships with the Naval Postgraduate School, Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, Vega Telehealth, TeloRegen, and Johns Hopkins.

    For more information about NEEMO, the crews and links to follow the mission on Facebook and Twitter, visit: www.nasa.gov/neemo.

    https://www.nasa.gov/ }

    20-02-2017 om 23:19 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ASTRONOMIE / RUIMTEVAART
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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Nasa to host major press conference on 'discovery beyond our solar system'

    Nasa to host major press conference on 'discovery beyond our solar system'

    Exoplanets are the best hope for finding life away from Earth

    Andrew Griffin 

    Nasa is to host a major press conference on a "discovery beyond our solar system".

    The event will see the revelation of major information about exoplanets, or planets that orbit stars other than our sun, according to a release. It made no further mention of the details of what would be revealed.

    Exoplanets are the major hope for life elsewhere in the universe, since many have been found that resemble our own Earth and could have the building blocks of life. More of them are being discovered all the time.

    The event will take place on 22 February at 1pm New York time, it said. It will be streamed live on Nasa's television station and on its website.

    7 facts about: THE SPEED OF LIGHT

    Determination of the speed of light: 5 facts you may not know ... 

    Attending the press conference will be astronomers and planetary scientists from across the world.

    Nasa said that the public will be able to ask questions using the hashtag #AskNasa during the conference. The agency will also hold a Reddit AMA, or ask me anything, session straight after the briefing.

    More about: 

    http://www.independent.co.uk/ }

    20-02-2017 om 23:11 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.UFO Party - Kallangur AUSTRALIA Feb 16 2017 (Full speed then Slower Speed)

    UFO Party - Kallangur AUSTRALIA Feb 16 2017 (Full speed then Slower Speed)

    Published on Feb 20, 2017

    This footage, from the Australian Weathercam Network is from Thursday Feb 16 2017.

    After 6pm each night, numerous bright lights appear, usually from the lower right, then they take a sharp turn and zoom off screen to the left. On this date, quite a number appeared - many seem to appear out of nowhere. Thanks for watching.

    Image: Australian WeatherCam Network
    Music: Cylinder 5 by Chris Zabriskie

    https://www.youtube.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 22:55 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:News from the FRIENDS of facebook ( ENG )
    >> Reageer (0)
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.NASA have announced a major press conference due to 'discoveries beyond our solar system'
    NASA have announced a major press conference due to 'discoveries beyond our solar system'

    20-02-2017 om 22:38 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:Diversen (Eng, NL en Fr)
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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The Mexican caves that could hold clues to alien life

    The Mexican caves that could hold clues to alien life

    Lifeforms that have been living inside crystals for up to 60,000 years have been revived by NASA, raising hopes that alien organisms could be found in extreme environments on other planets.

    Penelope Boston, the director of NASA's Astrobiology Institute, and her team have spent years exploring Mexico's Naica mine in Chihuahua looking for extremophiles - organisms that thrive in hostile conditions.

    The mine, which contain caves as large as cathedrals, is filled with giant gypsum crystals that look so extraordinary that when Dr Boston first saw a picture, she assumed it was a Photoshop hoax.

    But more astounding was that, inside the crystals, tiny bugs were discovered in a state of "geolatency" - where living organisms remain viable in geological materials for long periods of time.

    "Much to my surprise we got things to grow," Dr Boston said.

    "It was laborious. We lost some of them - that's just the game. They've got needs we can't fulfil. That part of it was really like zookeeping.

    About 100 different bugs, which were mostly bacteria, were found inside crystals, where they had been trapped for between 10,000 and 60,000 years. Ninety per cent had never been seen before.

    The cave system sits above a large pocket of volcanic magma and is geothermally heated to temperatures of up to 60 degrees Celsius, which has led to astrobiologists dubbing it "hell".

    Most life could not survive there but scientists have discovered that some organisms have evolved to feed on the sulphides, iron, manganese or copper oxide in the cave.

    "They're really showing us what our kind of life can do in terms of manipulating materials," Dr Boston said.

    "These guys are living in an environment where there's not organic food as we understand it. They're an example at very high temperatures of organisms making their living essentially by munching down inorganic minerals and compounds. This is maybe the deep history of our life here."

    Other caves were detected with "weird life forms" but accessing them was too dangerous.

    Scientists said the discoveries raised the possibility that dangerous bugs could hitch a ride back to Earth when spacecrafts return from other planets.

    NASA has plans to bring back rock and ice samples from Europa, an icy moon of Jupiter, which is one of the best targets in the solar system for life because it has a salty ocean beneath its crust.

    Dr John Rummel, from the Seti Institute in California, said it was "pretty easy" for bugs to survive space journeys as long as they are shielded from the sun's ultraviolet radiation.

    "If we bring samples back from either Europa or Mars, we will contain them until hazard testing demonstrates that there is no danger and no life, or continue the containment indefinitely while we study the material," he said.

    Telegraph, London

    http://www.smh.com.au/ }

    20-02-2017 om 22:33 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ALIEN LIFE ( FR. , NL; E )
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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Blame space particles next time your phone freezes

    Blame space particles next time your phone freezes

    By Margi Murphy, The Sun

    Blame space particles next time your phone freezes

    Alien subatomic particles from outer space are wreaking havoc on Earth’s electronic devices – including your smartphones.

    Many have felt the frustration of a frozen screen and cursed Apple, Microsoft or Google.

    But it appears that these rays are to blame for some of the glitches.

    Scientists found that millions cosmic particles are striking our bodies every second could have a devastating affect on critical infrastructure, too.

    “This is a really big problem, but it is mostly invisible to the public,” said Bharat Bhuva, professor of electrical engineering at Vanderbilt University during a conference for the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Boston on Friday.

    Modal Trigger
    An image of an aurora caused by cosmic rays is captured by an astronaut of the International Space Station in January, 2016.Getty Images

    Bhuva and his colleagues have found that millions of energetic neutrons, muons, pions and alpha particles that are soaring through space could carry enough energy to affect the memory in our gadgets.

    In some cases they can interfere with data stored in memory, which causes your phone to freeze.

    “The semiconductor manufacturers [phone chip make] are very concerned about this problem because it is getting more serious as the size of the transistors in computer chips shrink and the power and capacity of our digital systems increase,” Bhuva said.

    “In addition, microelectronic circuits are everywhere and our society is becoming increasingly dependent on them.”

    Alien ray attacks have been found to attack plane and voting systems too.

    In 2003, in the town of Schaerbeek, Belgium, suffered a “bit flip” causing an electronic voting machine to add 4,096 extra votes to one candidate.

    The error was spotted after the glitch gave the candidate more votes than were possible and it was traced to a single bit flip in the machine’s register.

    In 2008, the avionics system of a Qantus passenger jet flying from Singapore to Perth appeared to suffer from a single-event upset that caused the autopilot to disengage.

    Modal Trigger
    A solar flare captured by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in 2014. Scientists think these types of rays might be causing glitches in airline computers.AP

    As a result, the aircraft dove 690 feet in only 23 seconds, injuring about a third of the passengers seriously enough to cause the aircraft to divert to the nearest airstrip.

    Bhuva added that there has been a number of unexplained glitches in airline computers – some of which experts feel must have been caused by solar rays – which have resulted in cancellation of hundreds of flights.

    Geomagnetic storms are behind the awe-inspiring natural phenomenon the Northern Lights.

    But they can prove devastating to human civilization as we know it, experts have warned.

    There is no evidence to suggest that they are playing havoc with our health.

    But they could alter navigation systems, posing a serious safety risk.

    http://nypost.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 22:25 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.The strange link between the human mind and quantum physics
    How does our consciousness work? (Credit: Victor Habbick Visions/Science Photo Library)
    The strange link between the human mind and quantum physics

    Nobody understands what consciousness is or how it works. Nobody understands quantum mechanics either. Could that be more than coincidence?

    "I cannot define the real problem, therefore I suspect there's no real problem, but I'm not sure there's no real problem."

    The American physicist Richard Feynman said this about the notorious puzzles and paradoxes of quantum mechanics, the theory physicists use to describe the tiniest objects in the Universe. But he might as well have been talking about the equally knotty problem of consciousness.

    Some scientists think we already understand what consciousness is, or that it is a mere illusion. But many others feel we have not grasped where consciousness comes from at all.

    The perennial puzzle of consciousness has even led some researchers to invoke quantum physics to explain it. That notion has always been met with skepticism, which is not surprising: it does not sound wise to explain one mystery with another. But such ideas are not obviously absurd, and neither are they arbitrary.

    For one thing, the mind seemed, to the great discomfort of physicists, to force its way into early quantum theory. What's more, quantum computers are predicted to be capable of accomplishing things ordinary computers cannot, which reminds us of how our brains can achieve things that are still beyond artificial intelligence. "Quantum consciousness" is widely derided as mystical woo, but it just will not go away.

    What is going on in our brains? (Credit: Mehau Kulyk/Science Photo Library)

    What is going on in our brains? (Credit: Mehau Kulyk/Science Photo Library)

    Quantum mechanics is the best theory we have for describing the world at the nuts-and-bolts level of atoms and subatomic particles. Perhaps the most renowned of its mysteries is the fact that the outcome of a quantum experiment can change depending on whether or not we choose to measure some property of the particles involved.

    When this "observer effect" was first noticed by the early pioneers of quantum theory, they were deeply troubled. It seemed to undermine the basic assumption behind all science: that there is an objective world out there, irrespective of us. If the way the world behaves depends on how – or if – we look at it, what can "reality" really mean?

    The most famous intrusion of the mind into quantum mechanics comes in the "double-slit experiment"

    Some of those researchers felt forced to conclude that objectivity was an illusion, and that consciousness has to be allowed an active role in quantum theory. To others, that did not make sense. Surely, Albert Einstein once complained, the Moon does not exist only when we look at it!

    Today some physicists suspect that, whether or not consciousness influences quantum mechanics, it might in fact arise because of it. They think that quantum theory might be needed to fully understand how the brain works.

    Might it be that, just as quantum objects can apparently be in two places at once, so a quantum brain can hold onto two mutually-exclusive ideas at the same time?

    These ideas are speculative, and it may turn out that quantum physics has no fundamental role either for or in the workings of the mind. But if nothing else, these possibilities show just how strangely quantum theory forces us to think.

    The famous double-slit experiment (Credit: Victor de Schwanberg/Science Photo Library)

    The famous double-slit experiment (Credit: Victor de Schwanberg/Science Photo Library)

    The most famous intrusion of the mind into quantum mechanics comes in the "double-slit experiment". Imagine shining a beam of light at a screen that contains two closely-spaced parallel slits. Some of the light passes through the slits, whereupon it strikes another screen.

    Light can be thought of as a kind of wave, and when waves emerge from two slits like this they can interfere with each other. If their peaks coincide, they reinforce each other, whereas if a peak and a trough coincide, they cancel out. This wave interference is called diffraction, and it produces a series of alternating bright and dark stripes on the back screen, where the light waves are either reinforced or cancelled out.

    The implication seems to be that each particle passes simultaneously through both slits

    This experiment was understood to be a characteristic of wave behaviour over 200 years ago, well before quantum theory existed.

    The double slit experiment can also be performed with quantum particles like electrons; tiny charged particles that are components of atoms. In a counter-intuitive twist, these particles can behave like waves. That means they can undergo diffraction when a stream of them passes through the two slits, producing an interference pattern.

    Now suppose that the quantum particles are sent through the slits one by one, and their arrival at the screen is likewise seen one by one. Now there is apparently nothing for each particle to interfere with along its route – yet nevertheless the pattern of particle impacts that builds up over time reveals interference bands.

    The implication seems to be that each particle passes simultaneously through both slits and interferes with itself. This combination of "both paths at once" is known as a superposition state.

    But here is the really odd thing.

    The double-slit experiment (Credit: GIPhotoStock/Science Photo Library)

    The double-slit experiment (Credit: GIPhotoStock/Science Photo Library)

    If we place a detector inside or just behind one slit, we can find out whether any given particle goes through it or not. In that case, however, the interference vanishes. Simply by observing a particle's path – even if that observation should not disturb the particle's motion – we change the outcome.

    The physicist Pascual Jordan, who worked with quantum guru Niels Bohr in Copenhagen in the 1920s, put it like this: "observations not only disturb what has to be measured, they produce it… We compel [a quantum particle] to assume a definite position." In other words, Jordan said, "we ourselves produce the results of measurements."

    If that is so, objective reality seems to go out of the window.

    And it gets even stranger.

    Particles can be in two states (Credit: Victor de Schwanberg/Science Photo Library)

    Particles can be in two states (Credit: Victor de Schwanberg/Science Photo Library)

    If nature seems to be changing its behaviour depending on whether we "look" or not, we could try to trick it into showing its hand. To do so, we could measure which path a particle took through the double slits, but only after it has passed through them. By then, it ought to have "decided" whether to take one path or both.

    The sheer act of noticing, rather than any physical disturbance caused by measuring, can cause the collapse

    An experiment for doing this was proposed in the 1970s by the American physicist John Wheeler, and this "delayed choice" experiment was performed in the following decade. It uses clever techniques to make measurements on the paths of quantum particles (generally, particles of light, called photons) after they should have chosen whether to take one path or a superposition of two.

    It turns out that, just as Bohr confidently predicted, it makes no difference whether we delay the measurement or not. As long as we measure the photon's path before its arrival at a detector is finally registered, we lose all interference.

    It is as if nature "knows" not just if we are looking, but if we are planning to look.

    (Credit: Emilio Segre Visual Archives/American Institute Physics/Science Photo Library)

    Eugene Wigner (Credit: Emilio Segre Visual Archives/American Institute of Physics/Science Photo Library)

    Whenever, in these experiments, we discover the path of a quantum particle, its cloud of possible routes "collapses" into a single well-defined state. What's more, the delayed-choice experiment implies that the sheer act of noticing, rather than any physical disturbance caused by measuring, can cause the collapse. But does this mean that true collapse has only happened when the result of a measurement impinges on our consciousness?

    It is hard to avoid the implication that consciousness and quantum mechanics are somehow linked

    That possibility was admitted in the 1930s by the Hungarian physicist Eugene Wigner. "It follows that the quantum description of objects is influenced by impressions entering my consciousness," he wrote. "Solipsism may be logically consistent with present quantum mechanics."

    Wheeler even entertained the thought that the presence of living beings, which are capable of "noticing", has transformed what was previously a multitude of possible quantum pasts into one concrete history. In this sense, Wheeler said, we become participants in the evolution of the Universe since its very beginning. In his words, we live in a "participatory universe."

    To this day, physicists do not agree on the best way to interpret these quantum experiments, and to some extent what you make of them is (at the moment) up to you. But one way or another, it is hard to avoid the implication that consciousness and quantum mechanics are somehow linked.

    Beginning in the 1980s, the British physicist Roger Penrose suggested that the link might work in the other direction. Whether or not consciousness can affect quantum mechanics, he said, perhaps quantum mechanics is involved in consciousness.

    Physicist and mathematician Roger Penrose (Credit: Max Alexander/Science Photo Library)

    Physicist and mathematician Roger Penrose (Credit: Max Alexander/Science Photo Library)

    What if, Penrose asked, there are molecular structures in our brains that are able to alter their state in response to a single quantum event. Could not these structures then adopt a superposition state, just like the particles in the double slit experiment? And might those quantum superpositions then show up in the ways neurons are triggered to communicate via electrical signals?

    Maybe, says Penrose, our ability to sustain seemingly incompatible mental states is no quirk of perception, but a real quantum effect.

    Perhaps quantum mechanics is involved in consciousness

    After all, the human brain seems able to handle cognitive processes that still far exceed the capabilities of digital computers. Perhaps we can even carry out computational tasks that are impossible on ordinary computers, which use classical digital logic.

    Penrose first proposed that quantum effects feature in human cognition in his 1989 book The Emperor's New Mind. The idea is called Orch-OR, which is short for "orchestrated objective reduction". The phrase "objective reduction" means that, as Penrose believes, the collapse of quantum interference and superposition is a real, physical process, like the bursting of a bubble.

    Orch-OR draws on Penrose's suggestion that gravity is responsible for the fact that everyday objects, such as chairs and planets, do not display quantum effects. Penrose believes that quantum superpositions become impossible for objects much larger than atoms, because their gravitational effects would then force two incompatible versions of space-time to coexist.

    Penrose developed this idea further with American physician Stuart Hameroff. In his 1994 book Shadows of the Mind, he suggested that the structures involved in this quantum cognition might be protein strands called microtubules. These are found in most of our cells, including the neurons in our brains. Penrose and Hameroff argue that vibrations of microtubules can adopt a quantum superposition.

    But there is no evidence that such a thing is remotely feasible.

    Microtubules inside a cell (Credit: Dennis Kunkel Microscopy/Science Photo Library)

    Microtubules inside a cell (Credit: Dennis Kunkel Microscopy/Science Photo Library)

    It has been suggested that the idea of quantum superpositions in microtubules is supported by experiments described in 2013, but in fact those studies made no mention of quantum effects.

    Besides, most researchers think that the Orch-OR idea was ruled out by a study published in 2000. Physicist Max Tegmark calculated that quantum superpositions of the molecules involved in neural signaling could not survive for even a fraction of the time needed for such a signal to get anywhere.

    Other researchers have found evidence for quantum effects in living beings

    Quantum effects such as superposition are easily destroyed, because of a process called decoherence. This is caused by the interactions of a quantum object with its surrounding environment, through which the "quantumness" leaks away.

    Decoherence is expected to be extremely rapid in warm and wet environments like living cells.

    Nerve signals are electrical pulses, caused by the passage of electrically-charged atoms across the walls of nerve cells. If one of these atoms was in a superposition and then collided with a neuron, Tegmark showed that the superposition should decay in less than one billion billionth of a second. It takes at least ten thousand trillion times as long for a neuron to discharge a signal.

    As a result, ideas about quantum effects in the brain are viewed with great skepticism.

    However, Penrose is unmoved by those arguments and stands by the Orch-OR hypothesis. And despite Tegmark's prediction of ultra-fast decoherence in cells, other researchers have found evidence for quantum effects in living beings. Some argue that quantum mechanics is harnessed by migratory birds that use magnetic navigation, and by green plants when they use sunlight to make sugars in photosynthesis.

    Besides, the idea that the brain might employ quantum tricks shows no sign of going away. For there is now another, quite different argument for it.

    Could phosphorus sustain a quantum state? (Credit: Phil Degginger/Science Photo Library)

    Could phosphorus sustain a quantum state? (Credit: Phil Degginger/Science Photo Library)

    In a study published in 2015, physicist Matthew Fisher of the University of California at Santa Barbara argued that the brain might contain molecules capable of sustaining more robust quantum superpositions. Specifically, he thinks that the nuclei of phosphorus atoms may have this ability.

    Phosphorus atoms are everywhere in living cells. They often take the form of phosphate ions, in which one phosphorus atom joins up with four oxygen atoms.

    Such ions are the basic unit of energy within cells. Much of the cell's energy is stored in molecules called ATP, which contain a string of three phosphate groups joined to an organic molecule. When one of the phosphates is cut free, energy is released for the cell to use.

    Cells have molecular machinery for assembling phosphate ions into groups and cleaving them off again. Fisher suggested a scheme in which two phosphate ions might be placed in a special kind of superposition called an "entangled state".

    Phosphorus spins could resist decoherence for a day or so, even in living cells

    The phosphorus nuclei have a quantum property called spin, which makes them rather like little magnets with poles pointing in particular directions. In an entangled state, the spin of one phosphorus nucleus depends on that of the other.

    Put another way, entangled states are really superposition states involving more than one quantum particle.

    Fisher says that the quantum-mechanical behaviour of these nuclear spins could plausibly resist decoherence on human timescales. He agrees with Tegmark that quantum vibrations, like those postulated by Penrose and Hameroff, will be strongly affected by their surroundings "and will decohere almost immediately". But nuclear spins do not interact very strongly with their surroundings.

    All the same, quantum behaviour in the phosphorus nuclear spins would have to be "protected" from decoherence.

    Quantum particles can have different spins (Credit: Richard Kail/Science Photo Library)

    Quantum particles can have different spins (Credit: Richard Kail/Science Photo Library)

    This might happen, Fisher says, if the phosphorus atoms are incorporated into larger objects called "Posner molecules". These are clusters of six phosphate ions, combined with nine calcium ions. There is some evidence that they can exist in living cells, though this is currently far from conclusive.

    I decided... to explore how on earth the lithium ion could have such a dramatic effect in treating mental conditions

    In Posner molecules, Fisher argues, phosphorus spins could resist decoherence for a day or so, even in living cells. That means they could influence how the brain works.

    The idea is that Posner molecules can be swallowed up by neurons. Once inside, the Posner molecules could trigger the firing of a signal to another neuron, by falling apart and releasing their calcium ions.  

    Because of entanglement in Posner molecules, two such signals might thus in turn become entangled: a kind of quantum superposition of a "thought", you might say. "If quantum processing with nuclear spins is in fact present in the brain, it would be an extremely common occurrence, happening pretty much all the time," Fisher says.

    He first got this idea when he started thinking about mental illness.

    A capsule of lithium carbonate (Credit: Custom Medical Stock Photo/Science Photo Library)

    A capsule of lithium carbonate (Credit: Custom Medical Stock Photo/Science Photo Library)

    "My entry into the biochemistry of the brain started when I decided three or four years ago to explore how on earth the lithium ion could have such a dramatic effect in treating mental conditions," Fisher says.

    At this point, Fisher's proposal is no more than an intriguing idea

    Lithium drugs are widely used for treating bipolar disorder. They work, but nobody really knows how.

    "I wasn't looking for a quantum explanation," Fisher says. But then he came across a paper reporting that lithium drugs had different effects on the behaviour of rats, depending on what form – or "isotope" – of lithium was used.

    On the face of it, that was extremely puzzling. In chemical terms, different isotopes behave almost identically, so if the lithium worked like a conventional drug the isotopes should all have had the same effect.

    Nerve cells are linked at synapses (Credit: Sebastian Kaulitzki/Science Photo Library)

    Nerve cells are linked at synapses (Credit: Sebastian Kaulitzki/Science Photo Library)

    But Fisher realised that the nuclei of the atoms of different lithium isotopes can have different spins. This quantum property might affect the way lithium drugs act. For example, if lithium substitutes for calcium in Posner molecules, the lithium spins might "feel" and influence those of phosphorus atoms, and so interfere with their entanglement.

    We do not even know what consciousness is

    If this is true, it would help to explain why lithium can treat bipolar disorder.

    At this point, Fisher's proposal is no more than an intriguing idea. But there are several ways in which its plausibility can be tested, starting with the idea that phosphorus spins in Posner molecules can keep their quantum coherence for long periods. That is what Fisher aims to do next.

    All the same, he is wary of being associated with the earlier ideas about "quantum consciousness", which he sees as highly speculative at best.

    Consciousness is a profound mystery (Credit: Sciepro/Science Photo Library)

    Consciousness is a profound mystery (Credit: Sciepro/Science Photo Library)

    Physicists are not terribly comfortable with finding themselves inside their theories. Most hope that consciousness and the brain can be kept out of quantum theory, and perhaps vice versa. After all, we do not even know what consciousness is, let alone have a theory to describe it.

    We all know what red is like, but we have no way to communicate the sensation

    It does not help that there is now a New Age cottage industry devoted to notions of "quantum consciousness", claiming that quantum mechanics offers plausible rationales for such things as telepathy and telekinesis.

    As a result, physicists are often embarrassed to even mention the words "quantum" and "consciousness" in the same sentence.

    But setting that aside, the idea has a long history. Ever since the "observer effect" and the mind first insinuated themselves into quantum theory in the early days, it has been devilishly hard to kick them out. A few researchers think we might never manage to do so.

    In 2016, Adrian Kent of the University of Cambridge in the UK, one of the most respected "quantum philosophers", speculated that consciousness might alter the behaviour of quantum systems in subtle but detectable ways.  

    We do not understand how thoughts work (Credit: Andrzej Wojcicki/Science Photo Library)

    We do not understand how thoughts work (Credit: Andrzej Wojcicki/Science Photo Library)

    Kent is very cautious about this idea. "There is no compelling reason of principle to believe that quantum theory is the right theory in which to try to formulate a theory of consciousness, or that the problems of quantum theory must have anything to do with the problem of consciousness," he admits.

    Every line of thought on the relationship of consciousness to physics runs into deep trouble

    But he says that it is hard to see how a description of consciousness based purely on pre-quantum physics can account for all the features it seems to have.

    One particularly puzzling question is how our conscious minds can experience unique sensations, such as the colour red or the smell of frying bacon. With the exception of people with visual impairments, we all know what red is like, but we have no way to communicate the sensation and there is nothing in physics that tells us what it should be like.

    Sensations like this are called "qualia". We perceive them as unified properties of the outside world, but in fact they are products of our consciousness – and that is hard to explain. Indeed, in 1995 philosopher David Chalmers dubbed it "the hard problem" of consciousness.

    How does our consciousness work? (Credit: Victor Habbick Visions/Science Photo Library)

    How does our consciousness work? (Credit: Victor Habbick Visions/Science Photo Library)

    "Every line of thought on the relationship of consciousness to physics runs into deep trouble," says Kent.

    This has prompted him to suggest that "we could make some progress on understanding the problem of the evolution of consciousness if we supposed that consciousnesses alters (albeit perhaps very slightly and subtly) quantum probabilities."

    "Quantum consciousness" is widely derided as mystical woo, but it just will not go away

    In other words, the mind could genuinely affect the outcomes of measurements.

    It does not, in this view, exactly determine "what is real". But it might affect the chance that each of the possible actualities permitted by quantum mechanics is the one we do in fact observe, in a way that quantum theory itself cannot predict. Kent says that we might look for such effects experimentally.

    He even bravely estimates the chances of finding them. "I would give credence of perhaps 15% that something specifically to do with consciousness causes deviations from quantum theory, with perhaps 3% credence that this will be experimentally detectable within the next 50 years," he says.

    If that happens, it would transform our ideas about both physics and the mind. That seems a chance worth exploring.

    Join over six million BBC Earth fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter and Instagram.

    If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter called "If You Only Read 6 Things This Week". A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Earth, Culture, Capital, Travel and Autos, delivered to your inbox every Friday.

    http://www.bbc.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 20:42 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.De vreemde link tussen de menselijke geest en kwantummechanica
    De vreemde link tussen de menselijke geest en de kwantummechanica

    De vreemde link tussen de menselijke geest en kwantummechanica

    Sommige wetenschappers denken te begrijpen wat bewustzijn is, of dat het slechts een illusie is. Vele anderen hebben geen idee waar bewustzijn precies vandaan komt.

    Er zijn onderzoekers die bewustzijn proberen uit te leggen aan de hand van de kwantummechanica.

    De uitkomst van een kwantumexperiment is afhankelijk van een bewuste waarnemer die al dan niet eigenschappen van de betrokken deeltjes meet.

    Illusie

    Dit effect lijkt de basisaanname achter alle wetenschap te ondermijnen: dat er een objectieve wereld is waar we geen invloed op hebben.

    Sommige wetenschappers concludeerden op basis hiervan dat objectiviteit een illusie is en dat bewustzijn een actieve rol moet spelen binnen de kwantumtheorie.

    Vandaag de dag vermoeden sommige natuurkundigen dat we de kwantumtheorie nodig hebben om echt goed te kunnen begrijpen hoe het brein werkt.

    Tweespletenexperiment

    Het tweespletenexperiment laat misschien wel beter dan welk ander experiment dan ook zien wat er zo vreemd is aan de kwantummechanica.

    De natuurkundige Pascual Jordan zei hierover: “Waarnemingen verstoren niet alleen datgene wat gemeten moet worden, ze produceren het.”

    “We dwingen een kwantumdeeltje om een definitieve positie in te nemen. Met andere woorden: wij produceren de resultaten van de metingen.”

    Weet

    Als dat zo is, bestaat er inderdaad geen objectieve realiteit.

    Maar het wordt nog gekker.

    Uit een experiment dat in de jaren zeventig is bedacht door de Amerikaanse natuurkundige John Wheeler blijkt dat het net is alsof de natuur niet alleen ‘weet’ of we kijken, maar ook of we van plan zijn te gaan kijken.

    Navigeren

    Je kunt er niet omheen dat bewustzijn en kwantummechanica op de één of andere manier aan elkaar gelinkt zijn.

    Er zijn onderzoekers die bewijs hebben gevonden voor kwantumeffecten in levende wezens.

    Sommigen stellen dat vogels en planten bij respectievelijk het navigeren en de fotosynthese gebruikmaken van de kwantummechanica.

    Telepathie

    Er wordt ook beweerd dat de kwantummechanica vermogens als telepathie en telekinese kan verklaren.

    In 2016 speculeerde Adrian Kent van de Universiteit van Cambridge dat bewustzijn mogelijk het gedrag van kwantumsystemen verandert.

    Hij suggereerde dat de geest de uitkomst van metingen echt kan beïnvloeden. Over de achterliggende mechanismen is echter nog maar weinig bekend.

    [BBC]

    20-02-2017 om 20:26 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Churchill ordered UFO cover-up, National Archives show

    Churchill ordered UFO cover-up, National Archives show

    Drawing of UFO sighting
    Image captionSpotters often drew what they saw and sent pictures to the MoD

    The government took the threat of UFOs so seriously in the 1950s that UK intelligence chiefs met to discuss the issue, newly-released files show.

    Ministers even went on to commission weekly reports on UFO sightings from a committee of intelligence experts.

    The papers also include a wartime account claiming prime minister Winston Churchill ordered a UFO sighting be kept secret to prevent "mass panic".

    The files show reports of UFOs peaked in 1996 - when The X Files was popular.

    The Joint Intelligence Committee is better known for providing briefings to the government on matters relating to security, defence and foreign affairs.

    But the latest batch of UFO files released from the Ministry of Defence to the National Archives shows that, in 1957, the committee received reports detailing an average of one UFO sighting a week.

    The files also include an account of a wartime meeting attended by Winston Churchill in which, it is claimed, the prime minister was so concerned about a reported encounter between a UFO and RAF bombers, that he ordered it be kept secret for at least 50 years to prevent "mass panic".

    X Files

    Nick Pope, who used to investigate UFO sightings for the MoD, said: "The interesting thing is that most of the UFO files from that period have been destroyed.

    "But what happened is that a scientist whose grandfather was one of his [Churchill's] bodyguards, said look, Churchill and Eisenhower got together to cover up this phenomenal UFO sighting, that was witnessed by an RAF crew on their way back from a bombing raid.

    "The reason apparently was because Churchill believed it would cause mass panic and it would shatter people's religious views."

    Reports of sightings of UFOs peaked in 1996 in the UK - when science fiction drama The X Files was popular.

    According to the files, there were more than 600 reports in 1996, compared with an average of 240 in the previous five years.

    The figures for 1996 show 609 reported sightings of unidentified flying objects, 343 letters from the public to the MoD's UFO desk and 22 enquiries and questions from MPs.

    But by 2009, the MoD's UFO inquiry desk -Sec(AS)2 - had been closed down.

    The 18 files released on Thursday are the latest to come out as part of a three-year project between the MoD and the National Archives.

    Dr David Clarke, a UFO consultant to the National Archives, explained why the papers are being made public now.

    Dr Clarke told the BBC: "Since the Freedom of Information Act arrived in 2005, this subject - UFOs - have become the third-most popular subject for people to write to the Ministry of Defence saying 'please could you release this file, or papers that you hold on this particular case'.

    "What they've decided to do is to be totally open and to say, 'look we're not holding any secrets back about this subject we've got all these files and we're going to make them available to the public'."

    One includes details on "aerial phenomena" prepared for a meeting of the Cabinet Office's Joint Intelligence Committee in April 1957.

    According to a note included in the Red Book, the weekly intelligence survey, four incidents involving UFOs tracked by RAF radars were "unexplained".

    'Spaceman'

    The documents also include reports of a famous incident dubbed the "Welsh Roswell" in 1974, where members of the public reported seeing lights in the sky and feeling a tremor in the ground.

    Other cases included in the files are:

    • A near-miss with an "unidentified object" reported by the captain and first officer of a 737 plane approaching Manchester Airport in 1995.
    • A mountain rescue team called to investigate a "crashed UFO" in the Berwyn Mountains in Wales in 1974.
    • Attempted break-ins at RAF Rudloe Manor in Wiltshire - sometimes referred to as Britain's "Area 51" - the US's secretive desert military base.
    • The Western Isles incident, when a loud explosion was reported in the sky over the Atlantic in the Outer Hebrides.
    • The 14-minutes of "missing" film relating to the Blue Streak missile test launch in 1964, believed by some to show a "spaceman".
    • A gambler from Leeds who held a 100-1 bet on alien life being discovered before the end of the 20th Century, and who approached the government for evidence to support his claim after the bookmakers refused to pay out. The MoD said it was open-minded about extra-terrestrial life but had no evidence of its existence.

    The files come from more than 5,000 pages of UFO reports and letters and drawings from members of the public, as well as questions raised by MPs in Parliament.

    They are available to download for free for a month from The National Archives website

    http://www.bbc.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 16:13 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Excited Reports of 'Habitable Planets' Need to Come Back Down to Earth

    Excited Reports of 'Habitable Planets' Need to Come Back Down to Earth

    Excited Reports of 'Habitable Planets' Need to Come Back Down to Earth

    This article was originally published at The Conversation. The publication contributed the article to Space.com's Expert Voices: Op-Ed & Insights.

    In 1950, physicist Enrico Fermi famously asked, "Where are they?" as a kind of lament about the lack of observational evidence for alien intelligence in our universe. Today, the question is still asked in the context of the always-hoped-for discovery of other worlds like our own, with the thought that maybe, just maybe, we will finally find those aliens.

    Against this backdrop, advances that have occurred in the past 20 years in the field of exoplanet discovery have excited the imaginations of scientists and enthusiasts alike.

    When, the question goes, will we finally discover a planet that can sustain life? When will we discover Earth 2.0?

    The impatience associated with this question has led many in the media and even some in the scientific community to make premature declarations that an "Earth analogue" has been discovered. But when exoplanets are discovered, claims that they are similar to Earth are based on, at best, optimistic modelling and, at worst, sensationalism.

    Many such claims have been made on the basis of invented ranking systems that use the observed properties of exoplanets to extrapolate how Earth-like a planet might be. Unfortunately, these systems must make extremely simple – and almost certainly incorrect – assumptions about the characteristics of the planets they are trying to describe.

    Before any exoplanets had been discovered at all, certain astrophysicists proposed that each star had an associated zone around it that came to be known as the "habitable zone." This zone is at a distance from every star where a hypothetical Earth twin would have an average surface temperature between the freezing and boiling point of water. Too close and you exceed 100°C; too far and you drop below 0°C.

    But if a planet has an atmospheric composition different from Earth’s, its true surface temperature is likely to be completely different.

    Gaseous planets do not even have a well-defined surface to consider. And, for rocky planets, a thinner atmosphere can make them much colder (especially at night) while a thicker atmosphere can make them much hotter.

    One of the most dramatic examples of this problem is Venus. Owing to its thick atmosphere and a runaway greenhouse effect, the planet has a temperature of a whopping 450°C — far higher than than the 25°C you would calculate given an Earth-like atmosphere. Although Venus lies within our Sun’s nominal habitable zone, it is surely not accurate to call it habitable.

    The two most fruitful methods for discovering exoplanets (the "transit method" and the "radial velocity method") both give a straightforward way to determine the distance between a star and an exoplanet. That, together with our knowledge of how much heat is given off by the star, lets us calculate whether the planet is in the star's habitable zone. But, as we have seen, that is not the same thing as discovering a habitable planet.

    Nevertheless, discoveries of planets in the habitable zones of other stars have been identified in the media and even in press releases of scientific institutions as discoveries of second Earths. Since we do not know the surface temperatures of any exoplanet, whether they are actual Earth analogues can only be guessed at using other lines of evidence.

    Our best understanding to date is that surface temperatures are strongly dependent on atmospheric composition and planet density. The density of a planet is dependent on both its mass and volume, but the two detection methods only allow for one or the other of the two complementary characteristics to be directly measured.

    The transit method detects the shadow a planet casts on the star it is orbiting, allowing the planet's area (and, because planets are spheres, its volume) to be measured. What is not directly discoverable from this method, however, is the planet's mass.

    Alternatively, the radial velocity method detects a planet via a wobble in the star's motion that can be used to infer a minimum possible planetary mass tugging on the star with its gravity. In many cases, the tug is being done at an angle so we see a reduced effect, which makes us infer a mass that is smaller than the actual mass of planet. Aside from this potential confusion, there is no way via the radial velocity method alone to determine a planet's volume.

    Astrophysicists who model planet formation and composition have proposed a variety of models that offer possible relationships between the volumes and masses of planets depending on planet compositions.

    The smallest planets in our own solar system are rocky and the largest planets are gaseous, but we see a number of exoplanets whose sizes lie between the smallest gaseous planet (Neptune) and the largest rocky planet (Earth). We have models that can accommodate "super-Earths" that are rocky or "mini-Neptunes" that are gaseous and all manner of hybrids in between.

    These varied models can accommodate a range of atmospheres, and the exoplanets will have very different surface temperatures depending on all of this. It is therefore of some importance that we learn more about exoplanet atmospheres directly using better telescopes and more sensitive techniques.

    Some astronomers have proposed a scheme to decide which exoplanets are most likely to have their atmospheres directly detected – the obvious next step in working towards determining a planet's surface temperature and ultimately whether it is habitable.

    A regrettable tendency right now is to jump the gun. Planets have been discovered in the habitable zones of other stars with radial-velocity-measured minimum masses that are similar to Earth's and transit-measured surface areas that are not much larger than Earth's.

    Crucially, none of these "analogues" has yet been measured in both ways. But almost every time such planets are discovered, breathless reports of theirpossible import are generated.

    While discoveries of exoplanets are exciting, it is definitely premature to try to decide how Earth-like any planet is or is not on the basis of the scant data we are now able to gather. The best we can hope to do at this time is collate a list of possible targets for future observation.

    Someday, we may discover definitive proof that another Earth is out there. But that day has not yet arrived – despite the excited headlines.

    Joshua Tan, Astronomer at the Instituto de Astrofísica, Universidad Católica de Chile

    This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. Follow all of the Expert Voices issues and debates — and become part of the discussion — on FacebookTwitter and Google +. The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the publisher. This version of the article was originally published on Space.com.

    http://www.space.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 15:55 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Life on Mars? Alien mystery on Red Planet could be solved by 'gushing salty brine'

    Life on Mars? Alien mystery on Red Planet could be solved by 'gushing salty brine'

    ALIEN life on Mars could finally be discovered as scientists probe the Red Planet's "gushing salty brine".

    LIFE ON MARS: Alien life could be discovered in the salty brine on the Red Planet

    Boffins have identified the strange phenomena on the slopes of Mars as potentially key to discovering life.

    Scientists believe markings – which appear to ebb and flow with the seasons – found on the Red Planet’s hillsides are proof a brine-like water is welling up from beneath the Martian surface.

    The extremely salty water flows are believed to potentially be key to both discovering life on Mars and establishing human colonies on the surface.

    The presence and habitability of brines on Mars is vital to assess the planet’s potential for life

    Lulea University of Technology

    A research paper published in the the journal Astrobiology by Swedish institution the Lulea University of Technology's division of space technology says probing these brines is "vital" for finding life.

    The water flows could be teaming with microbes which have adapted to exist in the salty and icy cold water.

    Discovering habitable liquid water on Mars is understood to be key in establishing whether life exists, or has existed, on Mars.

    RSLs on Mars

    NASA

    BRINE: Streaks on the Martian slopes called RSLs are thought to be briny water

    "Understanding the presence and habitability of brines on Mars is vital to assess the planet’s potential for harbouring life and for providing usable resources for future human exploration," writes Javier Martin-Torres and Maria-Paz Zorzano from the research team.

    The paper goes on: "The discovery of a large deposit produced by brines on Mars could hold the key to further human exploration or even colonisation of the Red Planet."

    Mars is covered in gullies and dry riverbeds, suggesting water was once common on the fourth planet from the Sun.

    {  http://www.dailystar.co.uk/news }

    20-02-2017 om 15:35 geschreven door peter

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    Categorie:ALIEN LIFE ( FR. , NL; E )
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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Alien bugs hitching a ride to Earth on spacecraft could ATTACK humans and must never be allowed to escape

    Alien bugs hitching a ride to Earth on spacecraft could ATTACK humans and must never be allowed to escape

    • Extraterrestrial organisms could be picked up from planets and invade Earth
    • Human immune system might not be strong enough to fight space pathogens
    • Experts are also concerned about Earth microbes contaminating other planets 

    Alien bugs could hitch a lift on spaceships to Earth and attack humans, researchers warn.

    These extraterrestrial viruses may be a 'danger' to our immune systems, potentially killing large numbers of people.

    Scientists say rock and ice samples brought back from Mars or Jupiter’s moon Europa should be isolated forever to mitigate the threat. 

    Scroll down for video 

    Alien bugs could hitch a lift on spaceships to Earth and attack humans, researchers warn. These extraterrestrial viruses may be a 'danger' to our immune systems, potentially killing large numbers of people

    Alien bugs could hitch a lift on spaceships to Earth and attack humans, researchers warn. These extraterrestrial viruses may be a 'danger' to our immune systems, potentially killing large numbers of people

    Dr John Rummel, a senior scientist at the Seti Institute in Mountain View, California spoke about his fears of space contamination at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting in Boston. 

    Dr Rummel said it was 'pretty easy' for alien pathogens to survive space journeys because they are shielded from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. 

    He said it was therefore hugely important to isolate material that comes from other planets.

    'If we bring samples back from either Europa or Mars, we will contain them until hazard testing demonstrates that there is no danger and no life, or continue the containment indefinitely while we study the material', he said.    

    Scientists believe Europa has a salty ocean beneath its crust which may harbour simple life. 

    Extraterrestrial viruses could be a 'danger' to our immune systems and top scientists have said samples from other planets might have to be contained forever for public safety (stock image)

    Extraterrestrial viruses could be a 'danger' to our immune systems and top scientists have said samples from other planets might have to be contained forever for public safety (stock image)

    A patch of land in an ancient valley on Mars may once have been home to salty groundwater – and it could now be a prime target in the search for past life. 

    'Introduced to the intense radiation around Europa, exposed microbes should die off in hours to days to weeks, but organisms protected inside the spacecraft would still be alive as long as the silicon chips are functioning.'

    'Microbial life, as a whole, is pretty immune to cold, dry conditions,' he said. 

    'It is assumed that such life would be hardy – to survive the trip to Earth; not easy – and precautions taken would provide a very high degree of containment.' 

    A 'COSMIC ZOO' OF ALIEN LIFE

    In a recent paper published to the journal Life, researchers from Washington State University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology describe how the evolution of life on Earth could predict what we find on other planets.

    The researchers argue that the universe may be a ‘cosmic zoo’ of plant and animal life with functions similar to those seen on our planet – though with the possibility of different anatomy and chemistry.

    In the study, they examined the key innovations that drove the development of life on Earth.

    This includes the transition from single cell life to multicellular life, the rise of photosynthesis, the evolution of macroscopic beings, and the rise of intelligent life.

    The team determined that these innovations were ‘invented’ several times, originating independently at different points of history.

    They say this suggests that once life originates, it will likely follow a natural evolutionary path toward complexity, given enough time and the proper environment.

    If life has arisen on an alien world and a sufficient energy flux exists, the researchers say animal-like life could develop.

    Scientists say rock and ice samples brought back from Mars or Jupiter’s moon Europa (pictured) should be isolated forever to mitigate the threat of alien life invading Earth

    Scientists say rock and ice samples brought back from Mars or Jupiter’s moon Europa (pictured) should be isolated forever to mitigate the threat of alien life invading Earth

    The scientist also raised concerns about space equipment from Earth contaminated these foreign worlds.

    Dr Rummel said it was essential that there were systems in place to prevent contamination of pristine planets with microbes from earth. 

    If organisms from Earth contaminated Europa it would make it much harder to find out the origins of the planet.

    'Earth organisms in the Europan ocean could hide the origin of Europan life from science, forever,' said Dr Rummel. 

    Mars has such harsh conditions that it was less likely to be affected by bugs carried on spacecrafts. 

    How Alien Life Will Be Discovered

    Could life exist here? Artist impression of alien world surface

    {  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/ }

    20-02-2017 om 15:24 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.NASA makes incredible discovery of 'alien microbes' inside Mars-like cave in Mexico

    NASA makes incredible discovery of 'alien microbes' inside Mars-like cave in Mexico

    NASA scientists have discovered "alien microbes" thriving in Mars-like conditions buried deep in a Mexican cave.

    Shut off from light or oxygen, some had been there for 60,000 years, and give an insight into how alien life could have thrived in the tough conditions on Mars.

    When science boffs attempted to classify the bugs they found 90% could not be matched with any other existing micro-organisms.

    Five cave chambers, ranging from the size of an average room to a cathedral-like cavern, were explored at the Naica mine in Chihuahua.

    The discovery comes as a top scientist claimed humans should make contact with aliens now.

    Mike Spilde looking at crystals in the Naica mine in Chihuahua

    GETTY/PA

    DISCOVERY: Mike Spilde looking at crystals in the Naica mine in Chihuahua

    This is maybe the deep history of our life here

    Dr Penelope Boston

    Dr Penelope Boston, director of NASA’S Astrobiology Institute, who led the first expedition in 2008, said: "The deepest part we accessed was a place called Hell, very evocatively. That chamber is at the 800 metre level.

    "It was a transformative experience ... it really felt strange. It was a very hard environment to work in, but tear-inducingly beautiful. It's like being inside a geode."

    To protect them from the heat and allow them to breathe, the scientists wore all-covering "space suits".

    They found the microbes in small water-filled pockets within the sparkling white crystals, some of which were five metres long and a metre wide.

    The bugs included around 100 different strains made up both of bacteria and other microbes known as archaea.

    Mario Corsalini by giant gypsum rosette crystals in the Naica mine

    PA

    INCREDIBLE: Mario Corsalini by giant gypsum rosette crystals in the Naica mine

    And they may offer a hint of what to expect if alien microbes are found on Mars or Jupiter's moon Europa, which has a global ice-covered ocean.

    Experiments conducted to see if the weird bugs could be cultured were partly successful.

    "Much to my surprise we got the things to grow," said Dr Boston, who was speaking at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting in Boston, Massachusetts.

    "It was laborious. We lost some of them — that's just the game. They've got needs we can't fulfil. That part of it was really like zoo keeping."

    Mike Spilde inside the cave

    PA

    ALIEN: The microbes discovered inside the cave give a hint of alien life

    She said the bugs were as different to known micro-organisms as humans and fungi.

    Dr Boston added: "They're really showing us what our kind of life can do in terms of manipulating materials.

    "These guys are living in an environment where there's not organic food as we understand it.

    "They're an example, at very high temperatures, of organisms making their living essentially by munching down inorganic minerals and compounds. This is maybe the deep history of our life here."

    http://www.dailystar.co.uk/ }

    20-02-2017 om 15:06 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Elon Musk Posts Dramatic Video of Falcon 9's Controlled Descent

    Elon Musk Posts Dramatic Video of Falcon 9's Controlled Descent

    Clouds filled the sky over Cape Canaveral on Sunday morning, but the weather failed to obscure views of the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket’s first stage descending onto LZ-1. Sunday’s launch, designated CRS-10, was SpaceX’s 10th resupply mission for the International Space Station. This successful landing marked the third time SpaceX has landed a rocket at LZ-1, but the first time the company did so during daylight hours. And despite the weather, viewers around the world were treated to a fiery launch and graceful landing via the company’s webcast.

    Sunday’s launch propelled a Dragon capsule into low-Earth orbit, where it will rendezvous with the ISS on February 22 to deliver routine equipment — food, exercise equipment, and the like — as well as scientific instruments. These include the Stratospheric Aerosol Gas Experiment III, SAGE III for short, which monitors Earth’s ozone layer, and the Raven module, which will be attached to the ISS and will eventually enable autonomous satellite repairs.

    Almost as important as successfully delivering the payload to the space station, a top goal for SpaceX is safely returning the rocket’s first stage to Earth. In the long-term, the company hopes that by reusing the rockets instead of jettisoning them into the ocean, as has been the custom since the dawn of spaceflight, rocket launches can become cheaper and therefore more frequent.

    In the video that SpaceX CEO and founder Elon Musk posted on Instagram, viewers can see the Falcon 9’s descent straighten out from its angled reentry path to a vertical posture. Having shed much of its speed on its way down through Earth’s atmosphere, the Falcon 9’s grid fins help maintain course. Its thrusters shoot a tongue of flame towards the ground, and the rocket’s legs smoothly unfold to embrace the landing pad. As it touches down, the Falcon 9 first stage is surrounded by a bowl of smoke shaped like an upside-down mushroom. For all the exacting engineering such a reentry requires, and all the tension surely felt by the crew on the ground, it’s a surprisingly peaceful sight.

    Here’s the video Musk posted on Instagram:

    SpaceX also shared this video, which was shot by a camera mounted on an aerial drone:

    In this video, taken from a camera mounted on the side of the rocket, you can see the landing burn slowing the Falcon 9’s descent and the grid fins adjusting the rocket’s attitude as it comes down to Earth.

    WHAT'S NEXT

    https://www.inverse.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 14:52 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.These Freaky Signals From Space Could Unravel the Universe's Secrets
    Alien on a Cellphone

    These Freaky Signals From Space Could Unravel the Universe's Secrets

    For all we know, aliens from advanced civilizations at cosmological distances may be trying to send us messages. These signals, called fast radio bursts(FRBs), travel from far-away galaxies with no known source of origin, although some have speculated that they may come from extragalactic civilizations.

    In light of the fact that soon, our cell phones could be used to measure and understand what these weird signals are, it’s worth taking a deeper dive into what exactly FRBs are, and why they matter.

    FRBs are intense signals that are similar to radio or laser signals. They might not be a force of nature, but possibly artificial in origin. Researchers are puzzled about where they came from, and in the past decade, less than two dozen FRBs have been identified using giant radio telescopes like the one in Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico.

    “They’re extremely bright and their nature is not understood,” Avi Loeb of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, whose new paper details how we might be able to use cellular phones to better study FRBs, tells Inverse. “They require coherent emission by many electrons, of the type that you get in a radio antenna or a laser.”

    There might be FRBs alive right in our Milky Way though. These signals are louder than the ones from distant galaxies, and using cell phones, we may find out where they actually come from — extraterrestrial life, nature, or something else.

    “We might discover that one of these ‘monster FRBs’ lives in our galaxy, the Milky Way, in our own ‘backyard’, so it is ten billion times louder than the very distant FRBs we have seen so far,” study coauthor Dan Maoz of Tel Aviv University tells Inverse.

    Although currently we have giant radio telescopes detecting FRBs, most FRBs last for a thousandth of a second and originate from the edge of the universe. A signal in the Milky Way would be much louder.

    “Because an FRB from the Milky Way should be so much brighter, it can be detected with a cell phone or a small electronic device that costs tens of dollars instead of a giant radio dish,” Loeb says.

    “Large radio telescopes can point at a given time only to a very small part of the sky, typically the size of the full moon, and they are designed to detect signals billions of time fainter than the nearby FRBs we are thinking of, which are comparatively very bright, while no one can say where in the sky this FRB will be,” Maoz says. “The network of cellphones is ideal both in terms of being able to receive the signal and in terms of being sensitive to signals from any direction.”

    With the help of citizen scientists, scientists can study FRBs in different frequencies of radiation, like radio waves, visible light, and X-rays. One possibility is using a Citizens-Science app, where people with the app can listen for and record candidate FRBs and upload the recordings to a website. Another option is using FM-radio receivers in cell phones to search for FRBs at lower frequencies. A third option is using “software-defined radio” devices that cost about $10. These can be plugged into USB ports of personal computers to create a global network of receivers. A global network of these detectors could find nearby FRBs in no time.

    Researchers believe that if an FRB occurs in our own galaxy, a global network of cell phones or radio receivers can “hear” it, especially since previous FRBs were detected at radio frequencies that match those used by wifi and cell phones. So if an alien from an extragalactic civilization calls us, we just need to pick up our phones.

    Abstract:

     If fast radio bursts (FRBs) originate from galaxies at cosmological distances, then their all-sky rate implies that the Milky Way may host an FRB on average once every 30-1500 years. If FRBs repeat for decades or centuries, a local FRB could be active now. A typical Galactic FRB would produce a millisecond radio pulse with ~1 GHz flux density of ~3E10 Jy, comparable to the radio flux levels and frequencies of cellular communication devices (cell phones, Wi-Fi, GPS). We propose to search for Galactic FRBs using a global array of low-cost radio receivers. One possibility is to use the ~1GHz communication channel in cellular phones through a Citizens-Science downloadable application. Participating phones would continuously listen for and record candidate FRBs and would periodically upload information to a central data processing website, which correlates the incoming data from all participants, to identify the signature of a real, globe-encompassing, FRB from an astronomical distance. Triangulation of the GPS-based pulse arrival times reported from different locations will provide the FRB sky position, potentially to arc-second accuracy. Pulse arrival times from phones operating at diverse frequencies, or from an on-device de-dispersion search, will yield the dispersion measure (DM) which will indicate the FRB source distance within the Galaxy. A variant of this approach would be to use the built-in ~100 MHz FM-radio receivers present in cell phones for an FRB search at lower frequencies. Alternatively, numerous “software-defined radio” (SDR) devices, costing ~$10 US each, could be plugged into USB ports of personal computers around the world (particularly in radio quiet regions) to establish the global network of receivers.

    Photos via Flickr / Keoni Cabral

    WHAT'S NEXT

    https://www.inverse.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 14:46 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.La Nasa interrompt un direct de l’ISS durant un passage d’objets non identifiés

    La Nasa interrompt un direct de l’ISS durant un passage d’objets non identifiés

    Ce vendredi 17 février 2017, la Nasa a interrompu une transmission en direct des caméras extérieures de la Station Spatiale Internationale, au moment où l’on voit passer au moins six objets lumineux derrière l’ISS. Il n’en fallait pas plus pour les ufologues.

    Les chasseurs d’ovnis et ufologues en sont persuadés, « au moins six objets volants non identifiés » sont passés non loin de la Station Spatiale Internationale (ISS). Ceux-ci ont été capturés en vidéo, la Nasa retransmettant en direct depuis les caméras extérieures de l’ISS ce vendredi 17 février. Problème, au moment de cet étrange passage, la Nasa a interrompu le direct et les images ont été remplacées par une transmission montrant l’intérieur d’une salle de réunion.

    « C’est un problème technique » s’est défendue l’agence spatiale américaine. Peu convaincant pour beaucoup, à commencer par le chasseur d’ovnis « Streetcap1 », qui fut le premier à s’être rendu compte de ce phénomène étrange. Il a ensuite partagé les images avec « SecureTeam10 », un groupe d’ufologues qui enquêtent sur la vidéo et publient leurs conclusions en ligne.

    « Streetcap1 a découvert ce que certains appellent une flotte d’objets volants non identifiés survolant la Station spatiale internationale. Nous avons vu au moins six ovnis passant derrière l’ISS. À en juger par la distance, je suppose que la taille de ces objets, quels qu’ils soient, est assez grande« , a déclaré Tyler de SecureTeam, qui publie la vidéo ci-dessous, au Daily Mirror. Dans l’attente d’explications de la Nasa, ces objets restent un mystère.

    20-02-2017 om 14:38 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.ELON MUSK TALKS ABOUT ALIENS DURING THE WORLD GOVERNMENT SUMMIT 2017

    ELON MUSK TALKS ABOUT ALIENS DURING THE WORLD GOVERNMENT SUMMIT 2017

    7 days ago Elon Musk was invited to speak at the world government summit in Dubai. The world government summit is an organisation that serves as a platform for global dialogue attempting to revolutionize how governments operate and how policies are made.

    During his interview Elon brings up the topic of artificial intelligence and this could be a threath for humanity. He explains the dangers of AI by comparing it to the arrival of superintelligent aliens.

    Later during the interview, Elon is asked the question whether he believes aliens exist. Elon replies with another question: "Maybe the aliens are already amongst us?". He than goes on the fact that maybe we are already being observed, but we are too stupid to notice.

    Elon's goal is to make planetary travel a reality within his lifetime. By hearing him talk on these topics, it's clear that he does not simply dismiss the idea that we will encounter extraterrestial intelligence during this next step in our evolution. 

    RELATED ARTICLES

    http://www.disclose.tv/ }

    20-02-2017 om 14:33 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Filer’s Files #8 – 2017 India May Reveal ET - PART I
    UFO moved across Missouri on the night of February 7, 2017.
    UFO moved across Missouri on the night of February 7, 2017.

    Filer’s Files #8 – 2017 India May Reveal ET - PART I

    In special reports, this week’s files cover: Former Prime Minister, Japan and UFOs, Understanding Alien UFO Missions, Support the making of a UFO Film, India May Reveal ET, MUFON Investigated 7000 Cases in 2016, 45P Comet Passes Earth, Letter from J Murphy at beyondboundaries.org, Age of Flying Saucers, Helicopters Chasing Drones, and Cost of Undocumented Immigrants Rising.

    Unidentified Aerial Phenomena sightings were reported over Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Texas, and Washington

    Unidentified Aerial Phenomena sightings were reported over Australia, Canada, Egypt, Germany, Mexico, Poland,  and England in the United Kingdom.

    The Filer Research Institute feels the scientific study of UFOs is for the benefit of humankind and is an important endeavor. The US Air Force investigated UFOs publicly for more than twenty years under Project Blue Book; and I continue this advanced research. I believe the God of the universe has spread life throughout the cosmos and UFO’s are visiting us in ever-increasing numbers.

    Forward these files to your friends and neighbors.

    George A. Filer III

    New Jersey State Director

    MUFON Eastern Region Director

    Www.nationalUFOcenter.com. Now receiving 3 million hits a month

    Special Projects

    Former Prime Minister, Japan and UFOs

     Toshiki Kaifu says, “First of all, I told a magazine this past January that, as an underdeveloped country with regards to the UFO problem, Japan had to take into account what should be done about the UFO question, and that we had to spend more time on these matters”.

    In addition, I said that someone had to solve the UFO problem with far reaching vision at the same time. Secondly, I believe it is a reasonable time to take the UFO problem seriously as a reality.

    I hope that this Symposium will contribute to peace on Earth from the point of view of outer space, and take the first step toward the international cooperation in the field of UFOs.  

    Toshiki Kaifu, Prime Minister, Japan, in a letter to Mayor Shiotani of Hakui City, dated June 24, 1990, endorsing an upcoming Space & UFO Symposium.

    Understanding Alien UFO Missions

    Scientific analysis will undoubtedly provide part of the truth about UFOs; however, I no longer believe it will lead to the whole truth. I owe this realization to a man I shall call “Major Amos Chalif,” He taught me a lesson I am not likely to forget.

    Major Chalif, who retired from a U.S. Intelligence service quite a few years ago, had seen action in World War II in Italy, and also described vividly his investigations in the Caribbean, where he organized efforts to intercept submarines and German spies on their way to the United States. None of the people in attendance knew anything about science. Then he posed a question that, obvious as it seems, had not really occurred to me: “What makes you think that UFOs are a scientific problem?

    I replied with something to the effect that a problem was only scientific in the way it was approached, but he would have none of that, and he began lecturing me. First, he said, science had certain rules. For example, it has to assume that the phenomenon it is observing is natural in origin rather than artificial and possibly biased. Now, the UFO phenomenon could be controlled by alien beings. “If it is,” added the Major, “then the study of it doesn’t belong in science. It belongs in Intelligence.” meaning counterespionage. And that, he pointed out, was his domain.”

    Now, in the field of counterespionage, the rules are completely different.” He drew a simple diagram in my notebook. “You are a scientist. In science there is no concept of the ‘price’ of information. Suppose I gave you 95 per cent of the data concerning a phenomenon. You’re happy because you know 95 per cent of the phenomenon. Not so in Intelligence. If I get 95 per cent of the data, I know this is the ‘cheap’ part of the information. I still need the other 5 per cent, but I will have to pay a much higher price to get it. You see, Hitler had 95 per cent of the information about the landing in Normandy. But he had the WRONG 95 PER CENT!”

    Are you saying that the UFO data we use to compile statistics and to find patterns with computers are useless?”

    George Hansen in his excellent book explores that the aliens are deliberately tricking us.

    I asked. “Might we be spinning our magnetic tapes endlessly discovering spurious laws?”

    It all depends on how the team on the OTHER SIDE thinks. If they know what they’re doing, there will be so many cutouts between you and them that you won’t have the slightest chance of tracing your way to the truth. Not by following up sightings and throwing them into a computer. They will keep feeding you the information they want you to process. What is the only source of data about the UFO phenomenon? It is the UFOs themselves!”

    “If you’re right, what can I do? It seems that research on the phenomenon is hopeless, then. I might as well dump my computer into a river.”   “Not necessarily, but you should try a different approach. First you should work entirely outside of the organized UFO groups; they are infiltrated by the same official agencies they are trying to influence, and they propagate any rumor anyone wants to have circulated. In Intelligence circles, people like that are historical necessities. We call them ‘useful idiots.’ When you’ve worked long enough for Uncle Sam, you know he is involved in a lot of strange things. The data these groups get are biased at the source, but they play a useful role.

       “Second, you should look for the irrational, the bizarre, and the elements that do not fit: that’s what I have come to observe at this meeting tonight. Have you ever felt that you were getting close to something that didn’t seem to fit any rational pattern, yet gave you a strong impression that it was significant?” There appears to be a pattern of deliberate confusion and bizarre behavior to hide their real purposes and mission.

    India May Reveal ET

    New Delhi is in the middle of a big secret internal UFO debate. On one side the largest democracy of the world is eager to explain to its citizens and to the world about the ongoing contacts with the UFOs and extraterrestrials. On the other hand there are invisible untold international protocols that prohibit doing anything that may cause worldwide fear and panic. It is well accepted between the UFO and extra-terrestrial experts that all the five nuclear powers are in contact with the beings from other stars for quite some time.

    Recently India has seen enormous news on UFO contacts and secret UFO bases in Himalayas near the Chinese bases.

    In Ladak, for example the locals clearly point out the everyday phenomenon of large triangular spacecrafts coming out below the ground and Indian security forces protecting them. Military officials and politicians have confessed the fact that India has been contacted. India has been told the rules of the Universe. The current debate is on whether to keep it secret like other countries are doing or in tradition of a total transparent society come out and tell the truth. India is so open and democratic; it is very difficult to keep a secret for long. The biggest concern of the Government today is that unlike in other countries, it will be very difficult to keep it secret for long. If the information comes out through unofficial channels first and then the authorities are pressed against the wall to confess, two bad things can happen.

    First, it can really cause a panic in the country as well as the world. Second, the way the Indian politics is run, the ruling party will be thrown out of power in no time if it is ever found that the Government withheld such information from the public. The recent rush of world leaders to India is remarkable, starting from Russian President Putin to major US Senators. European Union is in deep discussion with India on cooperation. All sanctions against India’s nuclear programs and Indian Space Research Organization are in the process of being lifted. India is cooperating with Europeans and the Americans in space explorations and technology research program. India is also part of World Trade Organization. India is receiving major outsourcing contracts in IT and call-center service work from America and Europe.

    All the five Security Council members China, America, Russia, France and UK support India’s inclusion. When all these factors are added together and analyzed, it seems like India is being told by the world to abide by the hidden protocols and in exchange be recognized as a major emerging superpower. The debate the country is facing internally is whether to abide by the laws of the world to be recognized as a superpower or be truthful to its citizens.

    According to sources close to the Government, the UFO contacts are known by quite a few politicians in the opposition and of course by those who are in power. The military has legitimate concern of not letting the secrets out either.

    Mr. Natwar Singh came out and said that for India it was not necessary to become a nuclear power. He is a strong supporter of Mrs. Indira Gandhi, India’s former Prime Minister who initiated the nuclear program in the mid sixties and exploded a nuclear device. But on analyzing his statements, it is evident, that based on what he knows now, being a nuclear power really does not matter much because the technologies controlled by the extraterrestrials are so advanced that all our technologies mean little.

    But importantly he may be irritated with this controversial ongoing secret debate and what he really meant was that if India was not a nuclear power, the debate on UFO and extra-terrestrials will never be there in India.

    Helicopters Chasing Drones

    By Bob Spearing, MUFON Special Assignment Team

     On March 9, 2016, USA Today ran an article suggesting that the United States Military was in compliance with a law that required them to seek special approval to operate drones within civilian airspace and only in the most necessary of circumstances. In all, the military made less than 20 requests between 2006 and 2015. Additionally, USA Today stated that the U.S. Military flew nine missions between 2011 and 2016, largely to assist with search and rescue, floods, fires or National Guard exercises.

    This article suggests that either the U.S. Military is abusing that privilege or they are circumventing it by using non-military assets such as NSA or CIA and have flown far more missions than they are admitting. Additionally, these unknown drones are either being pursued or escorted by black choppers with no anti-collision lighting. It is alarming UFO researchers in the process. The incidents here below clearly exceed the number of cases suggested by the USA Today article and none of these incidents are probably any of the government mentioned flights in the newspaper article. All of the following cases were reported to The Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) in a thirteen-month period.

    Our first case is from 11/3/15, MUFON Case # 73377, Rancho Cucamonga California 11/3/2015 7:58 PM:

    “During the night of 11/3/15 around 7 pm I was in my friend’s garage watching T.V. It had just finished raining and the clouds had mostly dispersed. We heard a helicopter outside that sounded like it was flying around the Cucamonga Peak area. I remarked that it was probably the news hovering over the 210 Freeway. The news than came on and the helicopter pilot mentioned he was more south over the 15 and 60 freeways. Around that time (we could still hear the helicopter but we just figured it was police) his dog kept acting odd. I left his house and decided to take a walk down the pacific electric trail. The pacific electric trail is a hiking/running/biking trail that runs through Rancho Cucamonga. I headed east. I could still hear the helicopter and when I could fully see Cucamonga peak and the surrounding foothills I looked in the direction of the helicopter sound. I figured it had to be searching for something since it was already going on being around the area over an hour.

    I saw a blinking red light which was attached to the chopper but the chopper had no other lights including search illuminated. It was going back and forth in multiple directions. I then realized that it had to be chasing something. I figured an off roader running from police. I didn’t see anything on the surface but noticed a light in front of the helicopter that seemed to be going in between the trees on the foothill east of the peak. I was dumbfounded. At first I thought motorcycle but the light was moving too fast. Then it seemed to clear the trees and I could see a dense ball of light heading east across the front of the foothill. I could see the red beacon light of the chopper and saw and heard it following the object. The object went from east to west then over the hill all while the chopper followed. It skimmed the top of the hill and went west and shot straight up the face of the peak and kept rising. That’s when I saw the movement of another dense ball of light. The chopper then went straight up after the ball of light. The ball of light then came back around and leveled out and both it and the helicopter went east towards San Bernardino where I lost visual. I didn’t see where the other one went since I was following the chopper chase. That incident lasted from 7:58pm to 8:25pm on 11/3/15.”Thanks to Bob Spearing, MUFON Special Assignment Team and International Case Assistance Group, MUFON National Director of Spain and India, publisher of www.worldufowatch.com

    Support the Making of UFO Film

    Award Winning Filmmaker and Emmy Nominee

    CRAIG CAMPOBASSO is now fielding investors for his feature-length film STRANGER AT THE PENTAGON.

    Budget $25 Million. Investors recoup their money first, and then share in 50/50 profits.

    You can E-Mail Craig through his website for more info:

    www.StrangerAtThePentagon.com

    SHORT-FILM ACCOLADES

    Craig Campobasso directed, wrote and produced the short-film Stranger at the Pentagon, which was adapted from the popular UFO book authored by the late Dr. Frank E. Stranges. After production, the short film collected accolades. In September 2014, it won Best Sci-Fi film at the Burbank International Film Festival. In 2015, it won a Remi Award at the Worldfest Houston International Film Festival for Best Sci-Fi Short. In July 2016, filmmaker Craig Campobasso appeared on The History Channel’s Ancient Aliens. He shared the Stranger at the Pentagon story, about Universal Envoy Valiant Thor, and about his friend and colleague Dr. Frank Stranges..Also appearing on the same episode, the Hon. Paul Hellyer, Canadian Minister of Defense (1983-1987), confirmed Valiant Thor’s three year residency at the Pentagon.

    MUFON Investigated 7000 Cases in 2016

     NEWPORT BEACH, CA –– The Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) announced that the organization has investigated more than 7,000 UFO cases within 2016. In addition to the number of UFO investigations in 2016, the organization also has engaged more than 1,000 cases of non‐human entity encounters reported by individuals to MUFON and handled through its Experiencer Research Team. “For more than four decades, MUFON has been at the forefront of research and investigation into the UFO and ET phenomenon reported to the organization daily by the general public,” stated MUFON Executive Director Jan C. Harzan. “Our Field Investigators and Experiencer Research Team not only do an excellent job helping our witnesses and experiences deal with what they have seen, but they do so with an eye for research on this important subject.

    Jan Harzen

     Since 1969, MUFON has been actively soliciting UFO reports from the public. And systematically collecting and analyzing relevant data from every case through field investigations. The number of reported UFO cases continues to increase significantly year after year. Part of MUFON’s mission is to help pull all the pieces together, fact by fact, and make sense of this mystery. “If we are to continue to promote research on UFOs and educate the public on its potential impact on society, we need the proper tools,” said Harzan. “MUFON has several new underwriting opportunities so that all of the people out there who are as passionate as we are about UFO research can provide support and play a role in furthering our mission.” MUFON’s new projects and underwriting opportunities include:

    • A mobile friendly UFO reporting system.

    • An improved website that is easier to navigate and that features a members-only section with exclusive information and perks.

    • A more robust UFO archive system m for storing and retrieving UFO sighting information.

    • An updated UFO research library.

    • A new Experiencer questionnaire to help determine the needs of those who encounter other-worldly entities.

    The mission of MUFON is to investigate the hundreds of reports the organization receives monthly from around the world, as well as to research, investigate and report the findings using the scientific method. Thanks to MUFON

    45P Comet Passes Earth

     A large snowball has just passed the Earth on February 10-11, 2017, the Full Snow Moon passed through Earth’s shadow in a penumbrual lunar eclipse while the Comet 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusáková made its closest approach. Known as Comet 45P/Honda–Mrkos–Pajdušáková”, or 45P for short, the comet came 10 times closer to Earth yesterday than the Earth ever gets to the Sun. During this passage, the comet was photographed sporting a thin ion tail and a faint but expansive green coma. The green color is caused mostly by energized molecules of carbon. Comet 45P became just bright enough to see with the unaided eye when it came closest  bas it heads back out to near the orbit of Jupiter, where it spends most of its time. The kilometer-sized nucleus of ice and dirt will return to the inner Solar System in 2022.  Image Credit: Fritz Helmut Hemmerich

    Letter from J Murphy at Beyond Boundaries

    • I don’t know whether I ever mentioned my husband to her or not but he is also retired Air Force Reservist, E9, Sr Chief MSGT. So our alien friend is in the midst of such government attachments – I will talk to her about all that stuff when she calls back – I think that she is living some sort of dual existence – am not sure which aliens – good or bad, she is with – as she believes some of the reptilians are okay – and I know for sure the ones supposedly controlling NWO are bad.

    I have learned from many sources of the star wars situation going on in several dimensions – when they come into our 3D world then they sometimes get into trouble with our laws of physics and gravity. They have to deal with those realities – And, I do believe in the good vs. evil of the war.  One guy I know who has been with me awhile – both he and his wife are aliens His wife is some high ranking something of some alien race and he is a general in some federation – certainly not Galactic – that is here to destroy the evil of this planet. I thought he was total BS at first – but then a year or so later I believe that he is telling the truth as he knows it. He has definitely done some things that make me believe in his alien work also –

    Crazy world! If I would have thought 10 yrs ago that I believe stuff that I believe now I don’t think I could have handled it – I am not an abductee or experiencer – cannot handle working with abductees – always want to tell them to deal with it, get over it because worse things have happened to people, and to get on with their lives.

    – I am certainly not a therapist – But back to the lady in question here – I thought she was a nutcase but kept on listening to her – thank God I had enough sense to get rid of my 800 line so that such calls are not costing me. She kept on calling and now I feel that we have become at ease with each other and I totally believe that she is telling me the truth as she perceives it also – So, I am about to put her symbols on the net tomorrow and a little story about the triangle in your report, our conversations that involve the alien lady’s possible knowledge of the symbol on that Bossett triangle case, etc – to see if we can get some helpful feedback – I am former MUFON, state section director and an investigator – but decided that I needed to devote all my time to my expeditions .

    Age of Flying Saucers

     Paris Flammonde, in his well-documented “Age of Flying Saucers,” remarked that a great many of the contactees purvey philosophies which are tinged, if not tainted, with totalitarian overtones.”A catalogue of contactee themes, compiled from interviews I have conducted, includes the following.  Intellectual Abdication. The widespread belief that human beings are incapable of solving their own problems and that extraterrestrial intervention is imperative to save us “in spite of ourselves.” The danger in such a philosophy is that it makes its believers dependent on outside forces and discourages personal responsibility: why should we worry about the problems around us, if the Gods from Outer Space are about to solve them?

    Racist Philosophy.  The pernicious suggestion that some of us on the Earth are of extraterrestrial descent and therefore constitute a “higher race.”  The dangers inherent in this belief should be obvious to anybody who hasn’t forgotten the genocides of World War II, executed on the premise that some races were “purer” or better than others.  (Let us note in passing that Adamski’s Venusians, the Stranger of the Canigou seen by Bordas, and many other alleged extraterrestrials were all tall Aryan types with long blond hair.)

    Technical impotence.  The statement that the birth of civilization on this planet resulted not from the genius and ability of mankind, but from repeated assistance by higher beings. Archaeologists and anthropologists are constantly aware of the marvelous skill with which the “Ancient Engineers” (to use L. Sprague de Camp’s phrase) developed the tools of civilization on all continents.  No appearance of superior powers is necessary to explain the achievements of early culture.  The belief expressed by the contactees reveals a tragic lack of trust on their part in human ability.

    JPL Disc

     An inquisitive anomaly hunter believes he has discovered a UFO at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Lab hiding in plain sight in an image from Google Earth.

    Located in Los Angeles, the renowned division of the space agency known as JPL is credited with launching America’s first satellite into orbit back in 1958.

    Given its function as NASA’s robotic spacecraft division aimed at exploring deep space, JPL is often suspected of having a hand in a UFO cover up as is the case in this strange instance. Learn more.

    Cost of Undocumented Immigrants Rising

     According to the Federation for American Immigration Reform illegal immigration cost U.S. taxpayers in 2013 about $113 billion a year at the federal, state and local level based on only 13 million immigrants. The bulk of the costs — some $84 billion — are absorbed by state and local governments.

    The annual outlay that illegal aliens cost U.S. taxpayers is an average amount per native-headed household of $1,117. The fiscal impact per household varies considerably because the greatest share of the burden falls on state and local taxpayers whose burden depends on the size of the illegal alien population in that locality.

    Most illegal aliens do not pay income tax and only 10% work in agricultural pursuits. Much of the cost is medical, educational, public assistance and law enforcement. Many states are on the edge of bankruptcy.

    Most immigrants are hard working but the Drug Enforcement Agency shows that seven Mexican drug cartels or transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) have seized complete control of the U.S. drug market in close cooperation with US street and prison gangs.” The Mexican TCOs’ control of “lucrative smuggling corridors across the U.S. Southwest Border” enable them to deliver their drug portfolio of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana” and other substances to U.S. consumer markets causing the deaths of 17,000 people per year. The gangs are also responsible for many murders, www.drugorg

    The mainstream media is making a huge deal about the estimated cost to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border. An internal Department of Homeland Security (DHS) document concluded that it would cost $21.6 billion and take 3.5 years to complete the border wall and would theoretically save billions each year.

    http://www.fairus.org/publications/the-fiscal-burden-of-illegal-immigration-on-united-states-taxpayers

    http://nationalufocenter.com/ }

    20-02-2017 om 14:17 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Filer’s Files #8 – 2017 India May Reveal ET - PART II

    Filer’s Files #8 – 2017 India May Reveal ET - PART II

    UFO Sightings in the United States

    Arizona Object

     Flagstaff – I was heading towards California to visit family for the first time.

    Was taking pictures and noticed a ufo after taking multiple pictures on August 4, 2013.

    The first picture was normal but then noticed a triangle shaped object coming out of the mountain. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    California Light

    Ukiah — Simon I Am told me “I am the Omega” (me) “the bridge , the rainbow serpent “. ” do not drink alcohol or take weed as it destroys your DNA beyond repair”. “I am the Librarian of the scrolls” “I have an honorable bloodline (I am adopted”. I have seen beings all my life, they do not scare me, but people scare me. I have never been harmed. I also have had experience at night of many hands on me, and paralysis and my partner had same dream. I sleepwalk and turn in circles saying number codes and my granddaughter gets codes from Simon too. The beings are always around me, they come through energy sources like street lights, I affect electric and batteries drain around me. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Connecticut Lights

    Manchester — My sister was driving down the highway heading home when these three lights appeared on February 13, 2017. They “flew” in and almost hovered. She pulled over to take a quick picture; as soon as she looked away the lights vanished. She continued driving home.

    When she got home and reviewed the picture, she noticed the huge crescent shaped object on the right of the picture. The lights made no noise.
    She said she was really excited about what she might be seeing. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Florida Light

    Jacksonville Beach – I was taking a late-night walk south along the shore since the moon was bright. I glanced and saw what I assumed was a plane coming in for a landing-but realizing it must be a crash landing. The craft even turned rather nose-up as a landing jet would do. I realized this was not a plane, and it was extremely close. It had three red lights, all moving in formation flying on this path, rising slowly, several hundred feet past the pier before making a total quick U-turn. It flew over the ocean, faster than it had over land at 60 mph, I’d estimate no further than 200 feet further out into the ocean than the tip of the pier. It slowed down and came almost to a stop, very close to the surface of the waves reflecting light on the waves. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Indiana Light

    Amritsar — The UFO hovered in air and glowed with a bright hue, leaving a trail of light.

    After about 7-8 seconds it suddenly turned its direction and disappeared towards west on February 9, 2017.

    Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Kansas Object

    Pittsburg — On February 2, 2017, I was heading east bound on highway 400 in Kansas. As I was going around the corner, I noticed on my left, parked on side road running parallel to highway 400, what appeared to be a UFO being transported on back of a flatbed. A highway patrolman parked right next to semi facing highway 400. Around the object, on the ground were orange cones. I then turned around and headed west bound to get another view. It appeared to be perfect disc shape and was big in size that it was hanging on the side of flatbed. I then turned around once again heading east bound again but this time took pictures. This was at 1130 hours. At 2200 hours, I came back the same way and the object was still there. Now there are two highway patrolmen with a bright flashing light right on side of the object that made it impossible to see the object.

    I would like to know more about this incident if any other reports were made. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Missouri Disc

    UFO moved across Missouri on the night of February 7, 2017.

    Thanks to UFO Daily

    New York Circle

    Long Beach — Walking to store saw Sphere in atmosphere it and took picture on February 1, 2017

    Thanks to MUFON CMS

     Beacon — Taking photos for ideas on landscaping paintings in NY. When I was looking thru my photos that evening I found an object nearby that I cannot recognize.

    Three birds far in the back on an Antenna one seagull flying in the far right I can recognize.

    Flew by unknown until I came home in Beacon.
    Many professional photographers said I should summit to photo to UFO experts.
    Didn’t know it was there until I came home. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    New Mexico Light

     Albuquerque — I was outside on my pool deck observing the stars, especially Venus. I had a feeling to look N.W. I see a star light moving really slow S.W. It appeared to be quite lower than a star, silent so I tried filming. All I saw through the lens was black; I focused on Venus, and lost sight of the object. When stopped you couldn’t tell it wasn’t a star. A bright light flashed about 50 or so feet below the object, then another to the left, and the light faded from it. It was miraculous, not my first encounter though. The picture of the object is messed up. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    North Carolina Light

    Wake Forest — Video was taken on my cell phone, from my front stoop. I’m near a lake, so I’m used to seeing large birds, like herons. I don’t think this was a bird on April 2, 2016.
    I noticed this object moving from my right to left, NE to N basically, at a slow, but steady speed. It made no noise. My first thought was that it was a drone, due to the spherical shape, slow rate of horizontal travel, etc. There also appears to be either some spinning upon its own access or fluttering. The object was 200 – 400 feet above the horizon, and perhaps half mile away. I thought it might be a drone. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Texas Light

    Rowlett — Just was looking at the moon with my wife on Friday night February 2, 2017, and saw an orb flying around it.

    I took these pictures. No clue what it could be, just couldn’t believe what I was seeing. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Washington Lights

    Washougal — This was after July 4th weekend when we saw weird clouds so we took some pictures. An hour later noticed the weird clouds, now 5 miles away so took more pictures of two short and weird colored rainbows. One is easily visible. We shot more within a two second window as the clouds open up (cloak lost?). It was a huge object that we might only be seeing the bottom half of this “pyramid on a side with sharp edges. You could see relief and contours (vents, windows, etc.).It seemed like 5 miles wide by 8 miles long. We are professional engineers from US Air Force Academy and the University of California using our cell phone. It became cloaked again 20 minutes later. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Worldwide UFO Sightings

    Australia Cylinder

     Brisbane — Ufo sighting of pill shaped red and white cylindrical object, during full moon rising of October 16, 2016. Updated information is that UFO was recorded on unmanned time-lapse video and later discovered upon viewing of the digital images (12 sequential frames from 559 600 shots).  Several lights appear during 11 seconds time-lapse film using Panasonic Lummox Fz1000 Bridge Camera with Lexica Zoom Lens which was set to manual focus, mysteriously lost focus near the end of the recording. This object was descending on a steady flight path. It doesn’t appear to be a case of motion blur; rather an evenly halved red and white body. It is as a well lit, thick cylinder instead of just what I would normally see from an aircraft wing-tip lights? Also; there is red and white on the side of the cylinder and with rounded ends. I was a professional photographer for over 30 years. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Canada Lights

    Whitby — At about 9:30 pm on February 4th 2017 on Ashburn Road we first observed four lights, three of which in rough triangle formation viewed head on while driving. Stopped to observe objects in the west hovering and moving lazily in no specific flight path and took 1.30 minutes video. Objects (5-6) appeared to pulse and glow with orange/yellow light only when hovering. They would dim considerably when moving. Two objects appeared to “exchange” light or energy with one dimming and the other brightening in close proximity. Objects flew very close together flying back and forth for 1.5 hours. Objects had red and green lights when dim but were NOT normal aircraft due to odd behavior. Was exhilarated at prospect of encountering UFO in sky. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Egypt Object

    Mars Alam — I’m from Ukraine, you can check my profile on Instagram and find me on Facebook.

    I was on vacation with family in Egypt on January 28, 2017 we went to Port Halib for a walk,

    I took pictures and in the evening checked that there is something else on photo in the sky. I attached photo.

    I think it’s some kind of UFO. Thanks to MUFON CMS

     Germany Light

     Konradsreuth — While everyone was watching the European championships on June 16, 2016, I went to the kitchen and started cooking. Somehow I felt the urge to look out of the window which points towards west. The sun was already setting and I realized a strange but perfectly disc shaped cloud below the average height. My phone was right next to me so I immediately took a picture, turned around and as I turned back to the “cloud” it had been completely vanished. I felt so baffled as not even 10 seconds had passed between shooting the picture and turning back to check if it was still floating. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Billigheim-Sulzbac — I was in the baby’s room and took outside the dirty napkin, and saw a strong light behind the street lamp on February 14, 2017.

    Maybe an aeroplane, but it moved very slowly and was a strong light sphere with a black spot in the middle. At the right side of the object was a smaller blinking light. Suddenly the object grew and then gets smaller very fast.
    I tried to find explanations, of what it could it be, but I didn’t find any answers.
    I went out several times to see it had changed positions but the last time it was gone. I was so excited, my heart was like a hammer, and my hands shook. Thanks to MUFON CMS

    Mexico Orbs

    Tijuana Border — Strange video making the rounds online purportedly shows a cluster of anomalous glowing orbs flying across the Mexican border into United States. Believed to have been filmed at the Tijuana border, the minute long clip was allegedly posted to an Instagram account this past week.

    In the perplexing footage, several luminous lights hover in the clouds above the border as observers point their cell phones to capture the orbs. After racking up over 30,000 views and 200 comments, the video was abruptly removed from the social media site. Nonetheless, the video was salvaged by a popular YouTube UFO blogger, who shared the footage. The removal of the video from Instagram has piqued the interest of UFO enthusiasts. Thanks to the Sun

    Figures in Cloud on Poland to UK Flight

    Lodz, Germany — Flying from Warsaw to London Heathrow, looking out the window on February 15, 2017, saw these dark thin figures in the middle of a cloud.
    It definitely wasn’t a building because we were too high up so I thought they were mini tornadoes.
    There were 4 figures: 2 tall ones and 2 slightly small ones. They were very close together and they weren’t moving at all. They were dark, had a thicker upper body and a thinner lower body. One of them looks like they had wings.
    I was in awe and shocked at how it was all deserted then there were these random weird objects just standing on top of a cloud. I took photos and showed my parents the photo and they couldn’t believe their eyes. I was also a little bit excited because I have never seen anything like this before. Flew past the object(s) then it disappeared.

    UK/England Lights

    Poynton — I was in bed, awake the time was 0509 hours on February 3, 2017, and I saw these bright lights that came into view from my rear window of bedroom. I just knew it was a ufo as it was huge flying about 1000/1500 feet altitude and fully lit with 100s of white laser lights all over. At first it looked like a huge dome as it passed from right to left; it changed its pitch and I could see it was a huge triangle. It was silent and seemed to drift in a slow curve and then all lit up into a bright beautiful green. It then changed to this fantastic color of blue.

    I went to the front of my bedroom but it was gone I felt saddened as it was a brilliant experience.I got back in bed couldn’t settle and another small round ufo appeared lit up in white like laser lights with a cross on it or plus sign. It flew away in the direction of the big triangle then 10 minutes later another one flew by it was an orb that was white then to orange. I am not bothered what people believe. I saw what I saw and tried to get pictures on my iPod but I dropped it. It was a wonderful experience. Thanks to MUFON CMS

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    20-02-2017 om 14:05 geschreven door peter

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    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.12,000 YEAR OLD ANUNNAKI TOMB DISCOVERED IN IRAN

    12,000 YEAR OLD ANUNNAKI TOMB DISCOVERED IN IRAN

    Anunaki grave found?
     
    This discovery was made in Iran and had become one of three sarcophagi.
     
    The discovery was made back in 2008, but was long concealment Nam.
     
    If this discovery realny then this is clear evidence that anunaki were alien beings because their bodies are not even after 12,000 years and not decomposed even though they were not embalmed
     
    Rally President talk about skutačne unique and important discovery for all mankind
     
     
     

    http://7tales.net/ }

    20-02-2017 om 13:21 geschreven door peter

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  • http://www.mufon.com/
  • http://www.ufomeldpunt.be/
  • http://www.ufowijzer.nl/
  • http://www.ufoplaza.nl/
  • http://www.ufowereld.nl/
  • http://www.stantonfriedman.com/
  • http://ufo.start.be/

    LINKS NAAR BEKENDE UFO-VERENIGINGEN - DEEL 2
  • www.ufo.be
  • www.caelestia.be
  • ufo.startpagina.nl.
  • www.wszechocean.blogspot.com.
  • AsocCivil Unifa
  • UFO DISCLOSURE PROJECT

    Startpagina !


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